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Pseudo-obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325135/ogilvie-syndrome-presenting-with-septic-shock
#1
Serkan Özsoylu, Başak Nur Akyıldız, Adem Dursun
Özsoylu S, Akyıldız BN, Dursun A. Ogilvie syndrome presenting with septic shock. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 225-227. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is also known as Ogilvie`s. We report a 10-year-old child with an unremarkable past history who presented with septic shock including hypotension, prolonged capillary refill time, decreased urine output ( < 0.5 ml/kg/h), metabolic acidosis, liver failure, respiratory failure. The symptoms resolved with supportive therapy. In our patient septic shock contributed to Ogilvie syndrome...
2018: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306776/mitochondrial-disease-an-uncommon-but-important-cause-of-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Ming Li Yee, Rosemary Wong, Mineesh Datta, Timothy Nicholas Fazlo, Mina Mohammad Ebrahim, Elissa Claire Mcnamara, Gerard De Jong, Christopher Gilfillan
Mitochondrial diseases are rare, heterogeneous conditions affecting organs dependent on high aerobic metabolism. Presenting symptoms and signs vary depending on the mutation and mutant protein load. Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrinopathy, and recognition of these patients is important due to its impact on management and screening of family members. In particular, glycemic management differs in these patients: the use of metformin is avoided because of the risk of lactic acidosis. We describe a patient who presented with gradual weight loss and an acute presentation of hyperglycemia complicated by the superior mesenteric artery syndrome...
September 25, 2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291036/intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Fang-Jie Zhang, Juan Zhang, Li-Ping Zhou, Ai-Min Wang, Xiang-Min Li
Small bowel obstruction is common in emergency departments. However, the exact cause of intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO) is often misdiagnosed. IPO is considered a severe manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, IPO is rare as the initial manifestation of SLE. This paper reports a female patient who presented with IPO as the initial manifestation and was ultimately diagnosed with SLE. The 31-year-old female was definitively diagnosed with SLE after IPO symptoms for 1 month. She then presented multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) leading to a poor prognosis...
September 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290972/the-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-subtype-has-prognostic-significance-in-patients-with-severe-gastrointestinal-dysmotility-related-intestinal-failure
#4
Dipesh H Vasant, Ramya Kalaiselvan, Joanne Ablett, Ashley Bond, Arun Abraham, Antje Teubner, Darren Green, Peter A Paine, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Severe gastrointestinal dysmotility (GID) is a significant cause of chronic intestinal failure (CIF) with unclear benefits of sub-classifying into Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) and non-CIPO sub-types. We compared outcomes between CIPO and non-CIPO sub-types in a tertiary cohort of patients with CIF resulting from severe GID. METHODS: Adults with primary GID, commenced on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) over a 16-year period at a national referral centre, were included...
September 22, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30249600/use-of-bioelectronics-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#5
Larry Miller, Aydin Farajidavar, Anil Vegesna
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are major contributing factors to functional GI diseases that account for >40% of patients seen in gastroenterology clinics and affect >20% of the general population. The autonomic and enteric nervous systems and the muscles within the luminal GI tract have key roles in motility. In health, this complex integrated system works seamlessly to transport liquid, solid, and gas through the GI tract. However, major and minor motility disorders occur when these systems fail...
September 24, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232705/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-due-to-al-amyloidosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Tomoya Iida, Daisuke Hirayama, Gota Sudo, Kei Mitsuhashi, Hisayoshi Igarashi, Kentaro Yamashita, Hiroo Yamano, Hiroshi Nakase
A 59-year-old woman presented to our hospital with a 6-month history of nausea, weight loss, and abdominal distension. Physical examination revealed abdominal distension without tenderness, and edema, numbness, and multiple peripheral neuropathy in the limbs. Blood test results showed anemia, hypoproteinemia, and hypoalbuminemia. Immunoelectrophoresis detected kappa-type Bence-Jones protein in both the serum and urine. Bone marrow examination did not reveal an increase of plasma cells. Computed tomography showed intestinal distension and retention of intestinal contents...
September 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230140/sera-with-anti-enteric-neuronal-antibodies-from-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-promote-apoptosis-in-myenteric-neurons-of-guinea-pigs-and-human-sh-sy5y-cells
#7
Wenjuan Fan, Guijun Fei, Xiaoqing Li, Xiyu Wang, Chaojun Hu, Haiwei Xin, Xiaohong Sun, Yongzhe Li, Jackie D Wood, Xiucai Fang
BACKGROUND: Sera anti-enteric neuronal antibodies (AENA), neuronal inflammation, and degeneration in myenteric plexus in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) were reported. Effects of sera AENA in patients with IBS are unclear. METHODS: Patients with IBS met Rome III criteria were enrolled. Controls included healthy subjects (HS) and patients with slow transit functional constipation, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and autoimmune diseases...
September 17, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223666/prokinetics-and-their-use-in-gastroenterology
#8
Jiří Dolina, Aleš Hep, Lumír Kunovský, Štefan Konečný
Gastrointestinal motility disorders are reflected in clinical medicine not only in the form of functional disorders but also as primary organic units or secondary manifestations of other diseases and physicochemical effects. Recent sophisticated diagnostic methods and basic research in the field of digestive tract motility have shown significant development. However, causal treatment of prokinetic motility disorders is still marginalized. A number of new effective drugs have been withdrawn from the market due to their significant side effects...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178519/functional-neuromuscular-impairment-in-severe-intestinal-dysmotility
#9
Diana Gallego, Carolina Malagelada, Anna Accarino, Alessandra Gori, Juan Ramón Malagelada, Fernando Azpiroz, Roberto De Giorgio, Marcel Jimenez
BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) and enteric dysmotility (ED) are severe intestinal motility disorders usually associated with underlying neuromuscular abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in vitro neuromuscular function of patients with severe intestinal motility disorders. METHODS: Full-thickness intestinal biopsies (16 jejunum and 3 ileum) obtained from patients with CIPO (n = 10) and ED (n = 9) were studied using muscle bath and microelectrode techniques...
September 3, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148113/acute-intermittent-porphyria-presented-with-acute-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction
#10
Hans Raj Pahadiya, Manoj Lakhotia, Ronak Gandhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147885/a-case-of-prenatal-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-associated-with-leigh-syndrome
#11
Toshiyuki Itai, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Kenji Kurosawa, Yu Tsuyusaki
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a major sign of mitochondrial disorders. We present the first reported case of fetal bowel dilation associated with Leigh syndrome. The possibility of CIPO should be taken into consideration even when mild fetal bowel dilation is detected.
August 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101070/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-due-to-strongyloides-stercoralis
#12
Jenna Greenberg, Joshua Greenberg, Nicholas Helmstetter
We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to a generalized visceral autonomic neuropathy in an immune-competent patient infected with Strongyloides stercoralis . The patient had immigrated to the United States from Sierra Leone in childhood but had not returned for decades. His symptoms resolved with ivermectin treatment. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for strongyloidiasis in any patient with abdominal complaints and a history of travel to endemic areas, even if the travel history is remote...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057521/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-systemic-sclerosis-an-uncommon-presentation
#13
Jamil Shah, Abul Shahidullah
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is an uncommon disorder characterized by the presence of bowel dilatation and abnormal motility. It is an important cause of chronic intestinal failure in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Although intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an infrequent reason for hospitalization in these patients, it has been correlated with high in-hospital mortality compared to SSc patients hospitalized for other reasons as well as patients with intestinal pseudo-obstruction arising from other causes...
May 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30029859/intestinal-involvement-in-kawasaki-disease
#14
Claudia Colomba, Simona La Placa, Laura Saporito, Giovanni Corsello, Francesco Ciccia, Alice Medaglia, Benedetta Romanin, Nicola Serra, Paola Di Carlo, Antonio Cascio
OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of Kawasaki disease with intestinal involvement and to analyze other published reports to define clinical characteristics, diagnostic issues, and therapeutic approaches of gastrointestinal involvement in Kawasaki disease. STUDY DESIGN: A computerized search without language restriction was conducted using PubMed and SCOPUS. An article was considered eligible for inclusion in the systematic review if it reported data on patient(s) with intestinal involvement in Kawasaki disease...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028259/clinical-characteristics-of-lupus-enteritis-in-japanese-patients-the-large-intestine-dominant-type-has-features-of-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction
#15
A Maruyama, T Nagashima, M Iwamoto, S Minota
This study was performed to investigate the clinical characteristics of lupus enteritis in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A total of 481 patients with SLE admitted to our hospital between 2001 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Diagnosis of lupus enteritis was based on the following three criteria: (1) abdominal symptoms, (2) diffuse long-segment bowel thickening and (3) a requirement for glucocorticoid therapy. Lupus enteritis was identified in 17 patients (3.5%) and there were two distinct types: small intestine-dominant and large intestine-dominant...
September 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988868/intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-caused-by-herpes-zoster-case-report-and-pathophysiology
#16
Roberto Anaya-Prado, José V Pérez-Navarro, Ana Corona-Nakamura, Michelle M Anaya-Fernández, Roberto Anaya-Fernández, Marian Eliza Izaguirre-Pérez
Herpes zoster (HZ) infection occurs in approximately 10% to 30% of individuals. Visceral neuropathies secondary to HZ can cause cystitis and urinary retention. But colonic pseudo-obstruction can also occur. Peripheral neuropathy may reveal segmental motor paresis of either upper or lower limbs, the abdominal muscles or the diaphragm. We report the case of a 62-year-old male patient who presented with abdominal distention and cutaneous vesicular eruption on the left side of the abdominal wall. Plain X-rays and computed tomography scan showed distended small bowel...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979381/ogilvie-s-syndrome-management-and-outcomes
#17
Magda Haj, Mona Haj, Don C Rockey
Ogilvie's syndrome, also known as acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, refers to pathologic dilation of the colon without underlying mechanical obstruction, occurring primarily in patients with serious comorbidities. Diagnosis of Ogilvie's syndrome is based on clinical and radiologic grounds, and can be treated conservatively or with interventions such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (such as neostigmine), decompressive procedures including colonoscopy, and even surgery. Based on our clinical experience we hypothesized that conservative management yields similar, if not superior, results to interventional management...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978008/the-b-adenoma-study-bowelscope-accuracy-of-detection-using-endocuff-optimisation-of-mucosal-abnormalities-study-protocol-for-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Wee Sing Ngu, Martin Walls, Pradeep Bhandari, Clive Stokes, Nikki Totton, Zoe Hoare, Lexi Bastable, Colin Rees
Background and study aims:  UK Bowel Cancer Screening flexible sigmoidoscopy (BowelScope) currently offers patients aged 55 a one-off flexible sigmoidoscopy for adenoma clearance to decrease colorectal cancer incidence by interrupting the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Recent evidence has shown maximum benefit in increasing adenoma detection rate (ADR) using the Endocuff Vision device in the left side of the colon and in screening patients. Currently, ADR is low and shows unacceptable variation in BowelScope...
July 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29967899/post-pneumonectomy-ards-and-ogilvie-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Radu T Stoica, Ioan Cordoş, Anca Macri
Introduction: The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a severe hypoxemic acute lung injury that may complicate lung resections. Reported mortality is very high, up to 50%. This report covers an ARDS case occurring post left pneumonectomy, with a favorable outcome, despite association with an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction syndrome (Ogilvie syndrome) that required abdominal surgery for decompression. Case Report: A 60-year old Caucasian male, diagnosed with a stage IIIA left lung tumor underwent a left pneumonectomy...
January 2018: Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962358/gastrointestinal-involvement-in-kawasaki-disease-a-case-report
#20
Denizhan Bagrul, Elif G Karadeniz, Serhat Koca
Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile multisystem vasculitis. The term Incomplete Kawasaki disease is used in the presence of a minimum of two diagnostic criteria of clinical Kawasaki syndrome accompanied by at least 5 days of fever, the absence of any other reasons characterising the disease, and the presence of severe systemic inflammation findings. Gastrointestinal symptoms, notably diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and vomiting, frequently occur, and elevated serum aminotransferases, gallbladder hydrops, and rarely other forms of gastrointestinal involvement such as ischaemic colitis, intussusception, hepatic necrosis, splenic infarct, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, colitis, and colon oedema are also reported...
August 2018: Cardiology in the Young
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