Read by QxMD icon Read

Adult foster home

Marko Manninen, Reetta Latvala, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Jaana Suvisaari, Maija Lindgren
AIM: Reform school (RS) is a foster care institution for adolescents with severe conduct problems. Both instability of early rearing environment and severe conduct problems in adolescence may associate with later psychotic disorders. We studied whether the risk of schizophrenia in adulthood is elevated in RS adolescents, and whether it is related to the age at first foster care placement or placement instability. METHODS: Adult age schizophrenia spectrum disorder data from RS subjects (N = 1099) were compared to a comparison group matched by age, sex, and place of birth (N = 5437) in a register based follow-up study, with up to 23 years follow-up time...
November 28, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Wen Liu, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Kristine Williams, Claire Shaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitively impaired individuals are at increased risk for functional and behavioral difficulties at mealtimes, leading to compromised eating performance, low food and fluid intake, and negative functional and nutritional outcomes. Nursing assistants are the most critical front-line care staff and best positioned to manage the personal and environmental factors that influence resident eating performance. Identifying nursing assistants' perceptions of barriers and facilitators to engaging residents in eating will provide important experientially based foundation for developing and testing evidence-driven interventions to promote mealtime care...
November 27, 2018: Dementia
Katherine McFarland, Matthew P Hare
Restoring and conserving coastal resilience faces increasing challenges under current climate change predictions. Oyster restoration, in particular, faces threats from alterations in precipitation, warming water temperatures, and urbanization of coastlines that dramatically change salinity patterns, foster the proliferation and spread disease, and disrupt habitat connectivity, respectively. New York City (NYC) coastal waters, once home to a booming oyster fishery for eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica), are now nearly devoid of live oyster reefs...
2018: PloS One
Gail M Pfeifer
Foster care programs offer home-like care settings.
October 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Aileen Wai Kiu Chan, Sek Ying Chair, Diana Tze Fan Lee, Doris Yin Ping Leung, Janet Wing Hung Sit, Ho Yu Cheng, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a major modifiable lifestyle risk factor associated with cardiovascular disease. Tai Chi is a safe and popular form of physical activity among older adults, yet direct comparisons are lacking between Tai Chi and brisk walking in their ability to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors and improve psychosocial well-being. METHODS: 246 adults (mean age = 64.4 ± 9.8 years, age range = 30-91 years, 45.5% men) with hypertension and at least two but not more than three modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors (diabetes, dyslipidaemia, overweight, physical inactivity and smoking) were randomly assigned to either Tai Chi (n = 82), brisk walking (n = 82) or control (n = 82) groups...
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Anne Etzelmueller, Anna Radkovsky, Wiebke Hannig, Matthias Berking, David Daniel Ebert
Introduction: Internet-based guided self-help and face-to-face CBT have shown to be effective in the treatment of depression, but both approaches might not be an available treatment option for all patients. A treatment which blends internet-based guided self-help with video-based psychotherapy might reduce potential disadvantages of both approaches, while maintaining major advantages such as being location-independent. Additionally, it could provide a stronger focus on patient empowerment and lower resource use compared to traditional face-to-face treatment...
June 2018: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
M M Husted, A M Beck, L K Ulrikkeholm
Background: Community-dwelling older adults receiving support at home such as meals-on-wheels may lose the ability to preserve social, cognitive, and functional abilities, when becoming accustomed to and dependent of community aged care. When still able to cook older adults often hold some control over the foods that are prepared and which they eat, and which helps to foster identity. The purpose of this study is to assess feasibility of outcome measurements and sample size when conducting a pilot cluster randomized trial to evaluate community-dwelling older adults being involved in activities in relation to meals in a rehabilitation program...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mikko Marttila, Tiina Ristikari
BACKGROUND: To ensure their protection and healthy development, children exposed to adverse family circumstances might be placed in foster homes, institutions, or kinship care (out-of-home placement). We aimed to compare the rates of psychiatric diagnoses and criminal convictions in young adulthood (ages 18-25 years) among children who were first placed at ages 2-6 years with those of children who were not placed and who had similar sociodemographic and family characteristics. METHOD: We did a population-wide cohort study using the 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort, which collects longitudinal data linking nationwide child welfare, medical, and criminal registers for all 59 476 livebirths in Finland in 1987...
September 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Kristie Foley, Lorand Ferencz, Cristian Meghea, Zoltan Abram, Melinda Pénzes, Andrea Fogarasi-Grenczer, Peter Balazs, Lorand Schmidt
Background : To evaluate changes in smoke free rules in the foster care system after the implementation of the Romanian national clean air law. Methods : A repeated cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire among foster care employees ( n = 599) was conducted in 58 foster care homes during 2014 ( n = 295) and 51 homes during 2016 ( n = 304). We estimated the absolute difference in the proportion of employees who stated that smoke free rules existed before and after national clean air legislation. Results : There was an absolute increase in 4 of 5 smoke free measures after the law: bans on non-cigarette tobacco products ( n = 169 to 206, +10...
August 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ho Yu Cheng, Sek Ying Chair, Janita Pak Chun Chau
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers provide the foundation for long-term home care of stroke survivors. The overwhelming stress associated with caregiving hinders the ability of family caregivers to utilise their internal and external resources to cope with this situation, thereby placing their own health at risk. We conducted a randomised controlled trial of a strength-oriented psychoeducational programme on conventional stroke rehabilitation for family caregivers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a strength-oriented psychoeducational programme on the caregiving competence, problem-solving coping abilities, caregiver's depressive symptoms, caregiving burden and resources (family functioning, social support) and physical health (such as caregiving-related injury), as well as potential placement of stroke survivors...
November 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Mary D Naylor, Karen B Hirschman, Mark P Toles, Olga F Jarrín, Elizabeth Shaid, Mark V Pauly
Despite a growing body of evidence that adaptations of evidence-based interventions (EBI) are ubiquitous, few studies have examined the nature and rationale for modifications to the components of these interventions. The primary aim of this study was to describe and classify common local adaptations of the Transitional Care Model (TCM), an EBI comprised of 10 components that has been proven in multiple clinical trials to improve the care and outcomes of chronically ill older adults transitioning from hospitals to home...
September 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Leanne Lester, Georgina Trapp
The prevalence of warehouse-style liquor stores has prompted alarm from local communities and public health advocates. To increase local government control over liquor stores, one proposed planning response is to distinguish between 'small' (i.e., ≤ 300 m2 ) and 'large' (i.e., > 300 m2 ) liquor stores. We mapped the size and location of liquor stores in Perth, Western Australia, and tested associations between liquor store exposure and alcohol consumption (grams ethanol/day) in young adults (n = 990)...
July 2018: Health & Place
Lisa Garland Baird, Kimberly Fraser
PURPOSE OF STUDY: The purpose of this scoping review was to explore peer-reviewed research and gray literature to examine the extent, range, and nature of available research that describes how home care case managers (HCCMs) provide integrated care for older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs); identify how case management standards of practice correspond with functions of integrated care; identify facilitators and barriers to case management and integrated care delivery; and propose a framework to describe how HCCMs can use case management standards to provide integrated care to older adults with MCCs...
July 2018: Professional Case Management
Marthe Le Prevost, Alejandro Arenas-Pinto, Diane Melvin, Francesca Parrott, Caroline Foster, Deborah Ford, Michael Evangeli, Alan Winston, Kate Sturgeon, Katie Rowson, Diana M Gibb, Ali Judd
Adolescents with perinatal HIV (PHIV) may be at higher risk of anxiety and depression than HIV negative young people. We investigated prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms in 283 PHIV and 96 HIV-affected (HIV-negative) young people in England recruited into the Adolescents and Adults Living with Perinatal HIV (AALPHI) cohort. We used Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores and linear regression investigated predictors of higher (worse) scores.115 (41%) and 29 (30%) PHIV and HIV-affected young people were male, median age was 16 [interquartile range 15,18] and 16 [14,18] years and 241 (85%) and 71 (74%) were black African, respectively...
August 2018: AIDS Care
Gloria Puurveen, Jennifer Baumbusch, Preet Gandhi
The provision of care work by families plays an integral role in the quality of life of older adults living in a nursing home setting. This critical interpretive synthesis examines family members' perceptions of their roles and responsibilities in nursing home settings and interrogates the structural and relational barriers and enablers to family involvement as they relate to fostering an inclusive environment. Electronic databases and published literature were searched for empirical studies that were conducted in a nursing home setting and described involvement from the perspective of family members...
February 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
Laura Benedan, Martine B Powell, Rachel Zajac, Jarrad A G Lum, Pamela Snow
We administered the GSS-2, a standardised measure of suggestibility, to 5- to 12-year-old children to ascertain whether neglected children's responses to leading questions distinguish them from those of their non-neglected counterparts. Neglected children (n = 75) were more likely than an age-matched sample of non-neglected children (n = 75) to yield to leading questions, despite no difference in their ability to recall the test stimuli. Subsequent collection of individual difference data from the neglected sample revealed that this effect could not be attributed to intelligence, language ability, problem behaviours, age at onset of neglect, or time spent in out-of-home care...
May 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Steven J Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Cathrine Neilsen-Hewett, Ken Cliff
BACKGROUND: For children with low self-regulation in the preschool years, the likelihood of poorer intellectual, health, wealth and anti-social outcomes in adulthood is overwhelming. Yet this knowledge has not yielded a framework for understanding self-regulatory change, nor generated particularly successful methods for enacting this change. Reconciling insights from cross-disciplinary theory, research and practice, this study seeks to implement a newly developed program of low-cost and routine practices and activities for supporting early self-regulatory development within preschool contexts and to evaluate its effect on children's self-regulation, executive function and school readiness; and educator perceived knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy related to self-regulation...
January 24, 2018: Trials
V Soancatl Aguilar, C J C Lamoth, N M Maurits, J B T M Roerdink
Digital games controlled by body movements (exergames) have been proposed as a way to improve postural control among older adults. Exergames are meant to be played at home in an unsupervised way. However, only few studies have investigated the effect of unsupervised home-exergaming on postural control. Moreover, suitable methods to dynamically assess postural control during exergaming are still scarce. Dynamic postural control (DPC) assessment could be used to provide both meaningful feedback and automatic adjustment of exergame difficulty...
February 2018: Gait & Posture
Marcianna Nosek, Maite Durán
BACKGROUND: Children of Latino immigrants often are torn between their native homes and new communities. Having supportive interpersonal relationships increases resilience to delinquent and violent behaviors stemming from immigration challenges. Communication fostering empathy may improve conflict resolution and supportive relationships. OBJECTIVES: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) was conducted to evaluate the impact of nonviolent communication (NVC) trainings in Latino adults and youth...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"