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Biopsychosocial model

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789244/biopsychosocial-management-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-a-pilot-study-of-patient-perceptions-from-2-multi-disciplinary-clinics
#1
Jordan Rullo, Stephanie S Faubion, Rose Hartzell, Sue Goldstein, Deborah Cohen, Karla Frohmader, Ashley G Winter, Kristin Mara, Darrell Schroeder, Irwin Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is often complex and biopsychosocial. Traditional sexual health care management involves individual providers not in a multi-disciplinary setting. A multi-disciplinary team may consist of a medical provider, pelvic floor physical therapist, and sex therapist. AIM: The aim was to explore the patient perceptions of benefit from management of their sexual dysfunction by a biopsychosocial multi-disciplinary team. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to women patients seen by multi-disciplinary teams at 2 different settings: San Diego Sexual Medicine or Mayo Clinic Women's Health Clinic during a 27-month period...
May 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776900/the-biopsychosocial-digital-approach-to-health-and-disease-call-for-a-paradigm-expansion
#2
Alireza Ahmadvand, Robert Gatchel, John Brownstein, Lisa Nissen
Digital health is an advancing phenomenon in modern health care systems. Currently, numerous stakeholders in various countries are evaluating the potential benefits of digital health solutions at the individual, population, and/or organizational levels. Additionally, driving factors are being created from the customer-side of the health care systems to push health care providers, policymakers, or researchers to embrace digital health solutions. However, health care providers may differ in their approach to adopt these solutions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#3
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772309/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-obesity-a-review-and-model-of-current-hypotheses-explaining-their-comorbidity
#4
REVIEW
Tomasz Hanć, Samuele Cortese
Available meta-analyses point to a significant association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. The possible mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Here, we overview the studies aimed at identifying the factors contributing to the comorbidity between ADHD and obesity, including genetic factors, fetal programming, executive dysfunctions, psychosocial stress, factors directly related to energy balance, and sleep patterns alterations. The bulk of current research has focused on reduced physical activity and abnormal eating patterns as possible causes of weight gain in individuals with ADHD...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758990/the-uncanny-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#5
Matthew Merced
A biopsychosocial model provides a framework for a contemporary understanding of paranormal phenomena. From this perspective, paranormal beliefs and experiences are best understood by identifying biological, psychological, and sociocultural explanatory factors. Treatment recommendations are provided.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743392/a-health-behavior-screening-tool-for-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740814/risk-assessment-models-to-predict-caries-recurrence-after-oral-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia-a-pilot-study
#8
Yai-Tin Lin, Ashish Chetan Kalhan, Yng-Tzer Joseph Lin, Tosha Ashish Kalhan, Chein-Chin Chou, Xiao Li Gao, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (GA), commonly employed to treat high caries-risk children, has been associated with high economic and individual/family burden, besides high post-GA caries recurrence rates. As there is no caries prediction model available for paediatric GA patients, this study was performed to build caries risk assessment/prediction models using pre-GA data and to explore mid-term prognostic factors for early identification of high-risk children prone to caries relapse post-GA oral rehabilitation...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739523/psychodynamic-psychiatry-the-biopsychosocial-model-and-the-difficult-patient
#9
REVIEW
Eric M Plakun
This article defines psychodynamic psychiatry as the intersection between general psychiatry and psychoanalysis as a theory of mind. Psychodynamic psychiatry is built on a biopsychosocial model for understanding and treating mental disorders. Currently, a narrower biomedical model is in ascendancy, but it has not lived up to its promise and is not supported by emerging science as robustly as is the biopsychosocial model. The "difficult patient" emerges in part from the limits of our treatment models and treatment methods...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736071/assessing-the-extent-of-utilization-of-biopsychosocial-model-in-doctor-patient-interaction-in-public-sector-hospitals-of-a-developing-country
#10
Maha Nadir, Muhammad Hamza, Nadir Mehmood
Background: Biopsychosocial (BPS) model has been a mainstay in the ideal practice of modern medicine. It is attributed to improve patient care, compliance, and satisfaction and to reduce doctor-patient conflict. The study aimed to understand the importance given to BPS model while conducting routine doctor-patient interactions in public sector hospitals of a developing country where health resources are limited. The study was conducted in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Materials and Methods: The study design is qualitative...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732481/portraying-a-grim-illness-lung-cancer-in-novels-poems-films-music-and-paintings
#11
Ad A Kaptein, Melissa S Y Thong
PURPOSE: We studied how lung cancer is represented in five art genres: novels, poems, films, music, and paintings, in order to put lung cancer in a biopsychosocial perspective. The Common Sense Model is the theoretical basis: illness perceptions regarding lung cancer are examined in exemplars of the art genres. METHODS: Literature searches, websites, and personal files formed the database. They produced a fairly limited number of novels, poems, films, music pieces, and paintings with lung cancer as core element...
May 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729787/key-components-of-pain-management-for-children-and-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#12
REVIEW
Amanda M Brandow, Michael R DeBaun
Sickle cell disease pain manifests as severe acute pain episodes and a debilitating chronic pain syndrome. Acute pain episodes are the most common reason for health care use; however, acute pain episodes are also frequently managed at home. Chronic pain syndrome develops in 30% to 40% of individuals with sickle cell disease, with an increasing incidence and severity with age. We review the critical aspects of pain management that are integral to the comprehensive approach to sickle cell disease pain and are rooted in the biopsychosocial model...
June 2018: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727005/adaption-of-the-biopsychosocial-model-of-chronic-noncancer-pain-in-veterans
#13
Ariel M Baria, Sanjog Pangarkar, Gary Abrams, Christine Miaskowski
Population: Veterans with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) are a vulnerable population whose care remains a challenge for clinicians, policy-makers, and researchers. As a result of military experience, veterans are exposed to high rates of musculoskeletal injuries, trauma, psychological stressors (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, substance abuse), and social factors (e.g., homelessness, social isolation, disability, decreased access to medical care) that contribute to the magnitude and impact of CNCP...
May 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725705/-knee-school-as-a-secondary-preventive-approach-the-sustainable-treatment-of-occupational-gonarthrosis
#14
S Dalichau, M Giemsa, T Solbach, M Büschke, D Engel, T Möller, A Wahl-Wachendorf
BACKGROUND: 2-6 months after successful medical rehabilitation in gonarthrosis, the positive effects remit without the implementation of adequate aftercare strategies. OBJECTIVES: A prospective comparative study aimed to investigate whether and to what extent the sustainability model of knee school for the secondary preventive treatment of occupational gonarthrosis is able to maintain positive treatment effects in the medium term. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 292 male employees from the building trade went through the three-week phase 1 of the biopsychosocial knee college with a focus on ergonomics and muscle strength training...
May 3, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718911/mental-distress-and-perceived-wealth-justice-and-freedom-across-eight-countries-the-invisible-power-of-the-macrosystem
#15
Saskia Scholten, Julia Velten, Jürgen Margraf
Health and well-being have been related to macro-level factors such as income, income inequality or socioeconomic status. With regard to the increasing burden of disease due to mental disorders worldwide, the association between the macrosystem and mental distress should be further explored, too. In this context, the subjective evaluation of the macrosystem might play an important role. In the present exploratory study, we assessed symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress as well as perceived wealth, justice and freedom in population-based surveys in Spain, France, Germany, Poland, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States of America (n ≈ 1000 per country)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718086/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-neuropsychology-practices-in-integrated-care-teams
#16
Joanne R Festa
This special issue on neuropsychology practices in integrated healthcare teams demonstrates how neuropsychologists have transformed their practices in an evolving healthcare landscape. These contributions are an overview of the many ways in which neuropsychologists function in integrated care teams. The experiences of integrated neuropsychologists serve as a model for those seeking new practice opportunities by providing highly practical, clinically relevant information. Included in this volume are articles on education and reimbursement issues, information about clinical practices that address diagnostic issues, prognostics and clinical management, as well as surgical treatment planning and outcome prediction...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705228/physical-therapists-perceptions-and-experiences-about-barriers-and-facilitators-of-therapeutic-patient-centred-relationships-during-outpatient-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jaume Morera-Balaguer, José Martín Botella-Rico, Mari Carmen Martínez-González, Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Óscar Rodríguez-Nogueira
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been a paradigm shift towards a patient-centred biopsychosocial care model in physical therapy. This new paradigm features a growing interest in understanding the contextual factors that influence the patient's experience of disease, pain and recovery. This includes generalized consensus regarding the importance of establishing a therapeutic relationship that is centred on the patient. OBJECTIVE: To explore physical therapists' perceptions and experiences regarding barriers and facilitators of therapeutic patient-centred relationships in outpatient rehabilitation settings...
April 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698498/psychophysiological-responses-of-junior-orienteers-under-competitive-pressure
#18
Claudio Robazza, Pascal Izzicupo, Maria Angela D'Amico, Barbara Ghinassi, Maria Chiara Crippa, Vincenzo Di Cecco, Montse C Ruiz, Laura Bortoli, Angela Di Baldassarre
The purpose of the study was to examine psychobiosocial states, cognitive functions, endocrine responses (i.e., salivary cortisol and chromogranin A), and performance under competitive pressure in orienteering athletes. The study was grounded in the individual zones of optimal functioning (IZOF) and biopsychosocial models. Fourteen junior orienteering athletes (7 girls and 7 boys), ranging in age from 15 to 20 years (M = 16.93, SD = 1.77) took part in a two-day competitive event. To enhance competitive pressure, emphasis was placed on the importance of the competition and race outcome...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697534/development-of-pain-in-older-adults-a-latent-class-analysis-of-biopsychosocial-risk-factors
#19
Aoife O'Neill, Kieran O'Sullivan, Mary O'Keeffe, Ailish Hannigan, Cathal Walsh, Helen Purtill
Pain significantly restricts the quality of life and well-being of older adults. With our increasingly ageing population, it is important to examine whether differing classes of biopsychosocial risk factors can predict the development of pain in older adults. Latent class analysis (LCA) provides a model-based approach to identifying underlying subgroups in a population, based on some measured characteristics. In this study, LCA was used to identify biopsychosocial risk classes in people aged over 50, from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Aging (TILDA), who reported not often being troubled by pain at Wave 1 and completed the two year follow-up at Wave 2 (n=4,458)...
April 23, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689186/a-call-to-reexamine-quality-of-life-through-relationship-based-feeding
#20
Patricia A Henton
Feeding interventions that support family relationships enhance children's daily participation in meaningful occupations at home. A critical review of the literature yielded several premises that support the development of a relationship-based feeding framework. The proposed theoretical framework, based on the Biopsychosocial Model of Pediatric Feeding (Berlin, Davies, Lobato, & Silverman, 2009) and the Ecological Model of Occupation (Dunn, Brown, & Youngstrom, 2003), is presented to guide feeding interventions for children with significant feeding difficulties...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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