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Biopsychosocial model

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186958/psychological-factors-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-cancer-related-pain
#1
Andrada Ciucă, Adriana Băban
The present paper is aimed at briefly presenting psychological factors involved in cancer related pain and what psychosocial interventions are efficient in reducing it. Cancer related pain is a complex experience and the most integrative and recommended approach is the biopsychosocial model. It has been proved that chronic pain is more strongly related to psychological factors than to treatment or illness related factors. Psychological factors influencing pain experience can be intuitively grouped starting with awareness of pain (i...
February 7, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129712/reconsideration-of-the-scheme-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-incentives-from-the-netherlands-for-a-global-debate
#2
Yvonne F Heerkens, Marjolein de Weerd, Machteld Huber, Carin P M de Brouwer, Sabina van der Veen, Rom J M Perenboom, Coen H van Gool, Huib Ten Napel, Marja van Bon-Martens, Hillegonda A Stallinga, Nico L U van Meeteren
PURPOSE: The ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) framework (used worldwide to describe 'functioning' and 'disability'), including the ICF scheme (visualization of functioning as result of interaction with health condition and contextual factors), needs reconsideration. The purpose of this article is to discuss alternative ICF schemes. METHOD: Reconsideration of ICF via literature review and discussions with 23 Dutch ICF experts...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124195/the-form-of-causation-in-health-disease-and-intervention-biopsychosocial-dispositionalism-conserved-quantity-transfers-and-dualist-mechanistic-chains
#3
David W Evans, Nicholas Lucas, Roger Kerry
Causation is important when considering: how an organism maintains health; why disease arises in a healthy person; and, how one may intervene to change the course of a disease. This paper explores the form of causative relationships in health, disease and intervention, with particular regard to the pathological and biopsychosocial models. Consistent with the philosophical view of dispositionalism, we believe that objects are the fundamental relata of causation. By accepting the broad scope of the biopsychosocial model, we argue that psychological and social constructs be considered objects...
January 25, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107898/the-experience-of-pain-severity-and-pain-interference-in-vulvodynia-patients-the-role-of-cognitive-behavioural-factors-psychological-distress-and-fatigue
#4
Claudia Chisari, Joseph Chilcot
OBJECTIVE: Vulvodynia is a chronic pain condition characterised by severe pain affecting the vulva. Biopsychosocial models have revealed the importance of illness perceptions, cognitive-behavioural variables and psychological distress in explaining the experience of pain and disability across several conditions. These factors have never been collectively examined in vulvodynia. We predicted that distress, fatigue, illness perceptions, and cognitive-behavioural factors would be associated with pain severity and interference among women with vulvodynia...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#5
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#6
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091431/determinants-of-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-path-analysis
#7
End Ekechukwu, J O Ikrechero, A O Ezeukwu, A V Egwuonwu, L Umar, U M Badaru
CONTEXT: Recent advancement in technology and medical care has resulted in an increase not only in disability arising from spinal cord injury (SCI) but also its attendant challenges such as poor quality of life (QoL). AIM: To test a theoretical model of predictors of QoL among persons with SCI. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Study was conducted in the South Eastern Nigeria. A longitudinal study design was employed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 persons with SCI discharged from in-hospital admission participated in this study...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073999/everyday-support-to-aging-parents-links-to-middle-aged-children-s-diurnal-cortisol-and-daily-mood
#8
Lauren R Bangerter, Yin Liu, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Kira S Birditt, Karen L Fingerman
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Middle-aged adults are often called upon to support aging parents. However, providing support to an aging parent with health problems and disability may be a stressful experience. This study asked whether giving everyday support to parents in the context of health problems and disability has implications for middle-aged children's diurnal cortisol and daily mood. DESIGN AND METHODS: During four consecutive days, 148 middle-aged adults (mean age = 55) reported the support they gave to their parents and provided saliva 4 times a day (wake, 30 min post-wake, lunchtime, and bedtime)...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062465/biopsychosocial-model-of-disease-40%C3%A2-years-on-which-way-is-the-pendulum-swinging
#9
EDITORIAL
Gwendolen Jull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059025/a-multi-group-confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-the-lupuspro-between-southern-california-and-filipino-samples-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#10
D R Azizoddin, R Olmstead, C Cost, M Jolly, J Ayeroff, G Racaza, L A Sumner, S Ormseth, M Weisman, P M Nicassio
Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) leads to a range of biopsychosocial health outcomes through an unpredictable and complex disease path. The LupusPRO is a comprehensive, self-report measure developed specifically for populations with SLE, which assesses both health-related quality of life and non-health related quality of life. Given its increasingly widespread use, additional research is needed to evaluate the psychometric integrity of the LupusPRO across diverse populations. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of the LupusPRO in two divergent patient samples and the model fit between both samples...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058225/psychological-perspective-of-medication-adherence-in-transplantation
#11
Concetta De Pasquale, Massimiliano Veroux, Michele Fornaro, Nunzia Sinagra, Giusi Basile, Cecilia Gozzo, Roberta Santini, Alessandra Costa, Maria Luisa Pistorio
AIM: To identify the risk factors and the post-transplant psychological symptoms that affect adherence to therapy in a population of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: The study examined the psychological variables likely responsible for the non-adherent behavior using a psychological-psychiatric assessment, evaluation of the perception of patients' health status, and an interview regarding the anti-rejection drug therapy assumption. The study included 74 kidney transplant recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033198/assessment-of-biopsychosocial-complexity-and-health-care-needs-measurement-properties-of-the-intermed-self-assessment-version-imsa
#12
Arianne K B van Reedt Dortland, Lilian L Peters, Annette D Boenink, Jan H Smit, Joris P J Slaets, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Andreas Joos, Corine H M Latour, Friedrich Stiefel, Cyrille Burrus, Marie Guitteny-Collas, Silvia Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: The INTERMED Self-Assessment questionnaire (IMSA) was developed as an alternative to the observer-rated INTERMED (IM) to assess biopsychosocial complexity and health care needs. We studied feasibility, reliability and validity of the IMSA within a large and heterogeneous international sample of adult hospital in- and outpatients, and its predictive value for health care utilization (HCU) and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: 850 participants aged 17 to 90 from 5 countries completed the IMSA and were evaluated with the IM...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032777/a-diversified-portfolio-model-of-adaptability
#13
Siddharth Chandra, Frederick T L Leong
A new model of adaptability, the diversified portfolio model (DPM) of adaptability, is introduced. In the 1950s, Markowitz developed the financial portfolio model by demonstrating that investors could optimize the ratio of risk and return on their portfolios through risk diversification. The DPM integrates attractive features of a variety of models of adaptability, including Linville's self-complexity model, the risk and resilience model, and Bandura's social cognitive theory. The DPM draws on the concept of portfolio diversification, positing that diversified investment in multiple life experiences, life roles, and relationships promotes positive adaptation to life's challenges...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032412/grip-on-health-a-complex-systems-approach-to-transform-health-care
#14
Herman A van Wietmarschen, Heleen M Wortelboer, Jan van der Greef
This article addresses the urgent need for a transition in health care to deal with the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases and associated rapid rise of health care costs. Chronic diseases evolve and are predominantly related to lifestyle and environment. A shift is needed from a reductionist repair mode of thinking, toward a more integrated biopsychosocial way of thinking about health. The aim of this article is to discuss the opportunities that complexity science offer for transforming health care toward optimal treatment and prevention of chronic lifestyle diseases...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019726/examining-the-relationships-between-challenge-and-threat-cognitive-appraisals-and-coaching-behaviours-in-football-coaches
#15
Martin Dixon, Martin J Turner, Jamie Gillman
Previous research demonstrates that sports coaching is a stressful activity. This article investigates coaches' challenge and threat cognitive appraisals of stressful situations and their impact on coaching behaviour, using Blascovich and Mendes' (2000) biopsychosocial model as a theoretical framework. A cross-sectional correlational design was utilised to examine the relationships between irrational beliefs (Shortened general attitude and belief scale), challenge and threat appraisals (Appraisal of life events scale), and coaching behaviours (Leadership scale for sports) of 105 professional football academy coaches...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989328/pharmacologic-treatment-of-pain
#16
REVIEW
Eapen Mathew, Eugene Kim, William Zempsky
Adolescents and children are frequently affected by chronic pain conditions that can lead to disability and distress. The best approach to evaluation and treatment of these conditions involves use of the biopsychosocial model, which includes use of medication management. Chronic pain conditions are treated pharmacologically with a number of different medication classes via several routes of administration as drug delivery systems have progressed. These include anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, antiepileptic medicines, antidepressants, opioids, and local anesthetics...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988107/understanding-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-phenomenology-semiology-and-the-integrative-cognitive-model
#17
Markus Reuber, Richard J Brown
Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures (PNES) are one of the commonest differential diagnoses of epilepsy. This paper provides a narrative review of what has been learnt in the last 25 years regarding the visible manifestations, physiological features, subjective experiences and interactional aspects of PNES. We then explore how current insights into PNES semiology and phenomenology map onto the Integrative Cognitive Model (ICM), a new account of these phenomena that unifies previous approaches within a single explanatory framework...
November 15, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927742/concordance-and-discordance-of-self-rated-and-researcher-measured-successful-aging-subtypes-and-associated-factors
#18
Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng, Jessica M Sautter, Fang Yang, Lei Ma, Zhihong Zhen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate subtypes of successful aging (SA) based on concordance and discordance between self-rated and researcher-defined measures and their associations with demographic, psychosocial, and life satisfaction factors. METHOD: We used multinomial logistic regression models to analyze 2013 cross-sectional survey data from 1,962 persons aged 65 and older in Shanghai that measured self-rated successful aging (SSA) with a single global assessment and researcher-defined successful aging (RSA) with a cumulative deficit index reflecting physical, physiological, cognitive, psychological, and social engagement domains...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916394/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-international-society-for-the-study-of-women-s-sexual-health-isswsh-expert-consensus-panel-review
#19
REVIEW
Irwin Goldstein, Noel N Kim, Anita H Clayton, Leonard R DeRogatis, Annamaria Giraldi, Sharon J Parish, James Pfaus, James A Simon, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Cindy Meston, Stephen M Stahl, Kim Wallen, Roisin Worsley
The objective of the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health expert consensus panel was to develop a concise, clinically relevant, evidence-based review of the epidemiology, physiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), a sexual dysfunction affecting approximately 10% of adult women. Etiologic factors include conditions or drugs that decrease brain dopamine, melanocortin, oxytocin, and norepinephrine levels and augment brain serotonin, endocannabinoid, prolactin, and opioid levels...
January 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900169/neuromuscular-exercise-and-back-counselling-for-female-nursing-personnel-with-recurrent-non-specific-low-back-pain-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-nurse-rct
#20
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Markku Kankaanpää, Annika Taulaniemi, Sirpa Lusa, Harri Lindholm, Jari Parkkari
INTRODUCTION: Nursing personnel have high risk for incidence of low back pain (LBP) followed by development of chronic pain and disability. Multiple risk factors such as patient handling, night shift work and lack of supporting work culture have been identified. In subacute LBP, high-fear avoidance is prognostic for more pain, disability and not returning to work. Lack of leisure-time physical activity predicts long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this study is to compare effectiveness of 6-month neuromuscular exercise and counselling in treating back pain in female nursing personnel with recurrent non-specific LBP pain compared with either (exercise or counselling) alone and a non-treatment control group...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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