keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cross-cultural psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284898/joseph-white-1932-2017
#1
Bedford Palmer, Thomas A Parham, Michael Connor, Helen Neville
Presents an obituary of Joseph White (1932-2017), often called "the godfather of Black psychology." During a distinguished 56-year career, White held many professional roles, perhaps none more profound than that of mentor. Additionally, White served as a (supervising) psychologist to five hospitals and three clinical practices. He served as chairman of the California State Psychology Licensing Board for 3 years. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees of The Menninger Foundation in Houston, Texas, and held the title of professor emeritus of psychology and psychiatry at the University of California, Irvine, where he spent most of his career as a professor and director of ethnic studies and cross-cultural programs...
October 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269665/standardization-and-cross-cultural-comparisons-of-the-swedish-conners-3-%C3%A2-rating-scales
#2
Lisa B Thorell, Hanna Chistiansen, Martin Hammar, Steve Berggren, Eric Zander, Sven Bölte
PURPOSE: The Conners Rating Scales are widely used in research and clinical practice for measuring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and associated problem behaviors, but country-specific norms are seldom collected. The current study presents the standardization of the Swedish Conners 3® Rating Scales. In addition, we compared the Swedish norms to those collected in the U.S. and Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included altogether 3496 ratings of children and adolescents aged 6-18 years from population-based samples...
September 29, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160437/validity-and-reliability-of-italian-version-of-the-non-communicating-children-s-pain-checklist-revised-version
#3
Massimiliano Murgia, Rosanna Izzo, Alessandra Bettinelli, Chiara Di Maggio, Martina De Angelis, Massimiliano Mangone, Marco Paoloni, Andrea Bernetti, Andrea Torquati, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Valter Santilli
BACKGROUND: The Non-Communicating Children Pain Check List-Revised (NCCPC-R) is a clinical assessment tool used to assess and measure pain in children aged 3 to 18 years, with mental and intellectual disabilities, incapable to speaking. AIM: Aim of our study was to test the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the NCCPC- R in children with cognitive impairment, in order to obtain a valid tool for pain assessment in these children. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
August 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122136/caring-for-families-separated-by-changing-immigration-policies-and-enforcement-a-cultural-psychiatry-perspective
#4
Brandon A Kohrt, Francis G Lu, Emily Y Wu, Devon E Hinton, Neil Krishan Aggarwal, Ranna Parekh, Cécile Rousseau, Roberto Lewis-Fernández
Recent changes in U.S. immigration policies and enforcement have precipitated a 300% rise in arrests and planned deportations. Although some family members face deportation, other family members may have state-sanctioned status. Such mixed status puts hundreds of thousands of families at risk of forced separation and associated mental health problems. Building on cross-cultural work with refugee families and other groups and on work with families separated by parental incarceration, the authors provide recommendations to guide clinicians working with families who are separated or who fear separation...
August 20, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973889/cross-cultural-notions-of-risk-and-liberty-a-comparison-of-involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-outpatient-treatment-in-new-york-united-states-and-zurich-switzerland
#5
Florian Hotzy, Jeff Kerner, Anke Maatz, Matthias Jaeger, Andres R Schneeberger
Involuntary hospitalization is a frequently discussed intervention physicians must sometimes execute. Because this intervention has serious implications for the citizens' civil liberties it is regulated by law. Every country's health system approaches this issue differently with regard to the relevant laws and the logistical processes by which involuntary hospitalization generally is enacted. This paper aims at analyzing the regulation and process of involuntary hospitalization in New York (United States) and Zurich (Switzerland)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#6
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754478/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-contamination-of-phlebotomy-tourniquets-and-faucets
#7
T Abeywickrama, K Amarasinghe, S Wijerathne, C Dharmaratne, D Fernando, B C Senaratna, H A K M Gunasekera
Introduction: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is transmitted through direct contact or fomites. The most important means of nosocomial spread is by hospital personnel. However, fomites are being increasingly recognized as sources of nosocomial infection. Objectives: Our aim was to describe the MRSA contamination rate of phlebotomy tourniquets and faucets in a tertiary care hospital and to compare the contamination of plastic tourniquets with that of fabric tourniquets...
March 31, 2018: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/withdrawn
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719964/cross-cultural-psychometric-properties-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale
#9
Erik Vindbjerg, Guido Makransky, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Jessica Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) is considered the gold standard measure of depression. The factor structure of the HDRS is generally unstable, but 4 to 8 items appear to form a general depression factor. As transcultural studies of the HDRS have received little attention, and as most of the studies have taken a data-driven approach with a tendency to yield fragmented results, it is not clear if an HDRS general depression factor can also be found in non-Western populations...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698543/clinical-course-and-prevalence-of-coercive-measures-an-observational-study-among-involuntarily-hospitalised-psychiatric-patients
#10
Florian Hotzy, Sonja Moetteli, Anastasia Theodoridou, Andres Ricardo Schneeberger, Erich Seifritz, Paul Hoff, Matthias Jäger
AIMS OF THE STUDY: In daily clinical work, coercion continues to be highly prevalent, with rates differing between countries and sometimes even within countries or between wards of the same hospital. Previous research found inconsistent characteristics of individuals who underwent coercive measures during psychiatric treatment. Furthermore, there continues to be a lack of knowledge on the clinical course of people after being involuntarily committed. This study aimed to describe the rate and duration of different coercive measures and characterise a cohort of involuntarily committed patients regarding sociodemographic and clinical variables...
2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354194/canadian-residents-perceptions-of-cross-cultural-care-training-in-graduate-medical-school
#11
Barinder Singh, Emma Banwell, Dianne Groll
Background: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada specifies both respect for diversity as a requirement of professionalism and culturally sensitive provision of medical care. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the perception of preparedness and attitudes of medical residents to deliver cross-cultural care. Methods: The Cross Cultural Care Survey was sent via e-mail to all Faculty of Medicine residents (approx. 450) in an academic health sciences centre...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342008/the-r2c2-model-in-residency-education-how-does-it-foster-coaching-and-promote-feedback-use
#12
Joan Sargeant, Jocelyn M Lockyer, Karen Mann, Heather Armson, Andrew Warren, Marygrace Zetkulic, Sophie Soklaridis, Karen D Könings, Kathryn Ross, Ivan Silver, Eric Holmboe, Cindy Shearer, Michelle Boudreau
PURPOSE: The authors previously developed and tested a reflective model for facilitating performance feedback for practice improvement, the R2C2 model. It consists of four phases: relationship building, exploring reactions, exploring content, and coaching. This research studied the use and effectiveness of the model across different residency programs and the factors that influenced its effectiveness and use. METHOD: From July 2014-October 2016, case study methodology was used to study R2C2 model use and the influence of context on use within and across five cases...
July 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236920/brazilian-version-of-the-cognitive-failures-questionnaire-cfq-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-evidence-of-validity-and-reliability
#13
Jonas J de Paula, Danielle S Costa, Débora M de Miranda, Marco A Romano-Silva
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive failures are simple mistakes in routine activities, such as forgetting commitments and experiencing difficulty concentrating. The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) was designed to assess the frequency of these errors in everyday life. Although widely used in psychiatry and psychology, both in clinical and research settings, it has not been adapted for use in Brazil. Our objective was to perform cross-cultural adaptation of the CFQ for the Brazilian reality and assess its validity and reliability...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056610/problem-based-peer-to-peer-global-mental-health-e-learning-between-the-uk-and-somaliland-a-pilot-study
#14
Roberta Murphy, Elliot Clissold, Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: WHO's mental health gap action programme intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) is an evidence-based tool aimed at front-line health workers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Its potential to improve global mental health education, especially through digital technologies, has been little studied. Problem-based learning (PBL) is usually conducted face-to-face, but its remote application could facilitate cross-cultural education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PBL, applied to peer-to-peer global mental health e-learning (Aqoon), using mhGAP-IG...
November 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034806/exploring-the-east-west-divide-in-prevalence-of-affective-disorder-a-case-for-cultural-differences-in-coping-with-negative-emotion
#15
June De Vaus, Matthew J Hornsey, Peter Kuppens, Brock Bastian
Lifetime rates of clinical depression and anxiety in the West tend to be approximately 4 to 10 times greater than rates in Asia. In this review, we explore one possible reason for this cross-cultural difference, that Asian cultures think differently about emotion than do Western cultures and that these different systems of thought help explain why negative affect does not escalate into clinical disorder at the same rate. We review research from multiple disciplines-including cross-cultural psychology, social cognition, clinical psychology, and psychiatry-to make the case that the Eastern holistic principles of contradiction (each experience is associated with its opposite), change (the world exists in a state of constant flux), and context (the interconnectedness of all things) fundamentally shape people's experience of emotions in different cultures...
August 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934028/toward-neuroproteomics-in-biological-psychiatry-a-systems-approach-unravels-okadaic-acid-induced-alterations-in-the-neuronal-phosphoproteome
#16
Joana Machado Oliveira, Cristóvão B da Cruz E Silva, Thorsten Müller, Tânia Soares Martins, Marta Cova, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva, Ana Gabriela Henriques
Neuroproteomics is an evolving field of postgenomic medicine, highlighting the convergence of psychiatry/neurology and proteomics, yet compared with neurogenetics, it has received little attention. This study in rat primary neuronal cultures provides an example of a neuroproteomic approach relevant to the study of psychiatric disease pathophysiology, focusing on Alzheimer's disease. In this context, okadaic acid (OA) is routinely used in experimental designs to investigate phosphorylation-mediated events. It is a potent protein phosphatase (PP) inhibitor, particularly of PP1 and PP2A...
September 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801755/a-cross-national-comparison-of-violence-among-young-men-in-china-and-the-uk-psychiatric-and-cultural-explanations
#17
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
October 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732071/the-ideas-about-advanced-life-support-and-affecting-factors-at-the-end-stage-of-life-in-a-hospital-in-turkey
#18
Turgay Albayrak, İrfan Şencan, Ömer Akça, Esra Meltem Koç, Hilal Aksoy, Selim Ünsal, İskender Bülbül, Adem Bahadır, İsmail Kasım, Rabia Kahveci, Adem Özkara
BACKGROUND: The participation of the people in health decisions may be structured in various levels. One of these is participation in decisions for the treatment. "Advanced directives" is one of the examples for the participation in decisions for the treatment. AIM: We wanted to determine the decisions on advanced life support at the end-stage of life in case of a life-threatening illness for the people themselves and their first degree relatives and the factors effecting these decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604418/dissociation-from-a-cross-cultural-perspective-implications-of-studies-in-brazil
#19
REVIEW
Everton de Oliveira Maraldi, Stanley Krippner, Maria Cristina Monteiro Barros, Alexandre Cunha
A major issue in the study of dissociation concerns the cross-cultural validity of definitions and measurements used to identify and classify dissociative disorders. There is also extensive debate on the etiological factors underlying dissociative experiences. Cross-cultural research is essential to elucidate these issues, particularly regarding evidence obtained from countries in which the study of dissociation is still in its infancy. The aim of this article was to discuss Brazilian research on the topic of dissociation, highlighting its contributions for the understanding of dissociative experiences in nonclinical populations and for the validity and relevance of dissociative disorders in the contexts of psychiatry, psychology, and psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596853/cross-cultural-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-research-in-developing-countries
#20
REVIEW
O Atilola
Mental disorders are currently a major source of morbidity among children and youth globally. The bulk of the epidemiological data about childhood mental health morbidity currently comes from the industrialized countries which paradoxically host a small (about 20%) proportion of global children and youth population. As the world seek to generate more data on the mental health of the teeming children and youth population in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), cross-cultural issues need be considered. This consideration is imperative for reasons which include the high level of ethno-diversity in LMICs; the contextual issues in the conceptualization of normal (and abnormal) childhood across cultures, the cross-cultural nuances in risk and protective factors, and the plurality of nature and expression of childhood psychopathology...
2015: Global Mental Health
keyword
keyword
167579
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"