keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aortic aneurysm, carotid disease, peripheral artery disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877321/leptin-cardiovascular-diseases-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
REVIEW
Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
Leptin, an adipokine that is implicated in the control of food intake via appetite suppression, may also stimulate oxidative stress, inflammation, thrombosis, arterial stiffness, angiogenesis and atherogenesis. These leptin-induced effects may predispose to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In the present review we discuss the evidence linking leptin levels with the presence, severity and/or prognosis of both coronary artery disease and non-cardiac vascular diseases such as stroke, carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) as well as with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
July 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723662/critical-evaluation-on-proper-antithrombotic-treatment-in-different-groups-of-patients-undergoing-vascular-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Konstantinos Filis, Costas Tsioufis, Argyri Sianou, Konstantinos Triantafillou, Fragiska Sigala, George Galyfos
Antithrombotic treatment including anticoagulants and antiplatelets has evolved during the last decades, and several recommendations have been included in the latest guidelines regarding the proper management of patients undergoing vascular surgery. However, there are significant differences compared to older recommendations, and indications vary among patients with peripheral artery disease, carotid disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. In this mini review, we critically evaluate all these data to produce useful conclusions for everyday clinical practice...
April 30, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625727/effectiveness-of-screening-postmenopausal-women-for-cardiovascular-diseases-a-population-based-prospective-parallel-cohort-study
#3
Marie Dahl, Rikke Søgaard, Lars Frost, Annette Høgh, Jes Lindholt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of systematic screening for multifaceted cardiovascular disease (CVD) in postmenopausal women on all cause mortality and, secondarily, on CVD morbidity. Effectiveness was also evaluated across age strata. METHODS: This was a population based, prospective, parallel cohort study. In total, 107,491 women born in 1936-1951 living in the Central Denmark region were identified in the Danish Civil Registration System. From this population, all women born in 1936, 1941, 1946, and 1951 (n = 1984) living in the Viborg municipality were invited to attend screening...
May 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615354/improved-access-to-health-care-in-massachusetts-after-2006-massachusetts-healthcare-reform-law-is-associated-with-a-significant-decrease-in-mortality-among-vascular-surgery-patients
#4
Mohammad H Eslami, Katherine Moll Reitz, Denis V Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Alik Farber
BACKGROUND: Access to medical care, by adequate insurance coverage, has a direct impact on outcomes for patients undergoing vascular procedures. We evaluated in-hospital mortality for patients undergoing index vascular procedures before and after the Massachusetts Healthcare Reform Law (MHRL) in 2006, which mandated insurance for all Massachusetts residents, both in Massachusetts and throughout the United States. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried to identify patients undergoing interventions for peripheral arterial disease, carotid artery stenosis, and abdominal aortic aneurysms based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedural and diagnostic codes...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601328/statin-loading-in-cardiovascular-surgery-never-too-early-to-treat
#5
Niki Katsiki, Filippos Triposkiadis, Athanasios D Giannoukas, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The effects of statin loading before, during or after vascular interventions on cardiovascular and renal outcomes are discussed. Furthermore, the selection of optimal statin type and dose, according to current evidence or guidelines, is considered. The importance of treating statin intolerance and avoiding statin discontinuation is also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Statin loading has been shown to beneficially affect cardiovascular outcomes, total mortality and/or contrast-induced acute kidney injury, in patients undergoing vascular procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), carotid endarterectomy (CEA), carotid artery stenting, endovascular aneurysm repair, open abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) repair and lower extremities vascular interventions...
July 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558369/uhrf1-epigenetically-orchestrates-smooth-muscle-cell-plasticity-in-arterial-disease
#6
Leonardo Elia, Paolo Kunderfranco, Pierluigi Carullo, Marco Vacchiano, Floriana Maria Farina, Ignacio Fernando Hall, Stefano Mantero, Cristina Panico, Roberto Papait, Gianluigi Condorelli, Manuela Quintavalle
Adult vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) dedifferentiate in response to extracellular cues such as vascular damage and inflammation. Dedifferentiated VSMCs are proliferative, migratory, less contractile, and can contribute to vascular repair as well as to cardiovascular pathologies such as intimal hyperplasia/restenosis in coronary artery and arterial aneurysm. We here demonstrate the role of ubiquitin-like containing PHD and RING finger domains 1 (UHRF1) as an epigenetic master regulator of VSMC plasticity...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402233/a-population-based-screening-study-for-cardiovascular-diseases-and-diabetes-in-danish-postmenopausal-women-acceptability-and-prevalence
#7
Marie Dahl, Lars Frost, Rikke Søgaard, Ib Christian Klausen, Vibeke Lorentzen, Jes Lindholt
BACKGROUND: Reducing women's cardiovascular risk and the economic costs associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes (DM) continues to be a challenge. Whether a multifaceted CVD screening programme is beneficial as a preventive strategy in women remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of CVD and DM as well as the acceptability toward screening and preventive actions. METHODS: An observational study was performed among all women born in 1936, 1941, 1946 and 1951 living in Viborg Municipality, Denmark, from October 2011...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276105/grip-strength-measurement-for-frailty-assessment-in-patients-with-vascular-disease-and-associations-with-comorbidity-cardiac-risk-and-sarcopenia
#8
Thomas E Reeve, Rebecca Ur, Timothy E Craven, James H Kaan, Matthew P Goldman, Matthew S Edwards, Justin B Hurie, Gabriela Velazquez-Ramirez, Matthew A Corriere
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is associated with adverse events, length of stay, and nonhome discharge after vascular surgery. Frailty measures based on walking-based tests may be impractical or invalid for patients with walking impairment from symptoms or sequelae of vascular disease. We hypothesized that grip strength is associated with frailty, comorbidity, and cardiac risk among patients with vascular disease. METHODS: Dominant hand grip strength was measured during ambulatory clinic visits among patients with vascular disease (abdominal aortic aneurysm [AAA], carotid stenosis, and peripheral artery disease [PAD])...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951156/black-patients-present-with-more-severe-vascular-disease-and-a-greater-burden-of-risk-factors-than-white-patients-at-time-of-major-vascular-intervention
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Peter A Soden, Sara L Zettervall, Sarah E Deery, Kakra Hughes, Michael C Stoner, Philip P Goodney, Ageliki G Vouyouka, Marc L Schermerhorn
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have demonstrated racial disparities after major vascular surgery, few have identified the reasons for these disparities, and those that did often lacked clinical granularity. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate differences in initial vascular intervention between black and white patients. METHODS: We identified black and white patients' initial carotid, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and infrainguinal peripheral artery disease (PAD) interventions in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) registry from 2009 to 2014...
February 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850570/apolipoprotein-l1-risk-variants-associate-with-prevalent-atherosclerotic-disease-in-african-american-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#10
Ashira Blazer, Binhuan Wang, Danny Simpson, Tomas Kirchhoff, Sean Heffron, Robert M Clancy, Adriana Heguy, Karina Ray, Matija Snuderl, Jill P Buyon
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is exaggerated in African American (AA) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, with doubled cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk compared to White patients. The extent to which common Apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) risk alleles (RA) contribute to this trend is unknown. This retrospective cohort study assessed prevalent atherosclerotic disease across APOL1 genotypes in AA SLE patients. METHODS: One hundred thirteen AA SLE subjects were APOL1-genotyped and stratified as having: zero risk alleles, one risk allele, or two risk alleles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574049/-30th-annual-meeting-of-the-european-society-for-vascular-surgery-copenhagen-denmark-september-28-30-2016
#11
E L Kalmykov, D A Skrypnik, R A Vinogradov, A D Gaibov
The article is a brief review of the proceedings of the 30th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Vascular Surgeons, held on September 28-30, 2016 in Copenhagen, Denmark. The papers presented reported the results of managing patients with pathology of carotid arteries, aortic aneurysms, pathology of peripheral arteries, also discussing current achievements and prospects of methods of treatment of arterial and venous diseases.
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533715/new-technologies-in-vascular-surgery-san-donato-s-experience-in-the-last-decades
#12
Daniela Mazzaccaro, Maria Teresa Occhiuto, Silvia Stegher, Paolo Righini, Giovanni Malacrida, Giovanni Nano
The Department of Vascular Surgery I at IRCCS Policlinico San Donato has been part of the Cardiovascular Center "Edmondo Malan" since the end of the 1980s. Surgical activity of the Department has always been designed to prevent and treat vascular diseases such as aneurysms of the thoracic and abdominal aorta and peripheral vessels, carotid artery stenosis, peripheral arterial disease, and chronic venous insufficiency. Excellent results have been achieved with the endovascular treatment of both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis also by using innovative devices...
April 28, 2016: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463859/adiponectin-lipids-and-atherosclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Niki Katsiki, Christos Mantzoros, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adiponectin is an adipokine with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiatherogenic, pro-angiogenic, vasoprotective and insulin-sensitizing properties. Several factors may influence adiponectin levels, such as genetic polymorphisms, obesity / body fat distribution, diet and exercise as well as cardiovascular risk factors such as sleep deprivation and smoking as well as medications. Adiponectin has been proposed as a potential prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target in patients with cardiometabolic diseases...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317478/homocysteine-and-non-cardiac-vascular-disease
#14
REVIEW
Niki Katsiki, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
Elevated homocysteine (Hcy) levels are predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hyperhomocysteinemia has also been associated with total and CVD mortality. However, whether Hcy is just a marker or plays a causal role in CVD remains to be elucidated. In this narrative review, we discuss the associations between Hcy and non-cardiac vascular diseases, namely stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), carotid artery disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD), atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and erectile dysfunction (ED)...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688236/cardiac-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-prior-to-elective-vascular-surgery-cripes-a-prospective-randomized-sham-controlled-phase-ii-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Santiago Garcia, Thomas S Rector, Marina Zakharova, Rebekah R Herrmann, Selcuk Adabag, Stefan Bertog, Yader Sandoval, Steve Santilli, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Edward O McFalls
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to reduce infarct size in animal models. We hypothesized that RIPC before an elective vascular operation would reduce the incidence and amount of a postoperative rise of the cardiac troponin level. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiac Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Prior to Elective Vascular Surgery (CRIPES) was a prospective, randomized, sham-controlled phase 2 trial using RIPC before elective vascular procedures...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568314/smoking-a-risk-factor-for-vascular-disease
#16
Phyllis Gordon, Patty Flanagan
Smoking in the United States includes at least 16% of the adults, 24% of high school students, nearly 8% of middle school students and is more prevalent in men than women; however, a decline in smoking has been documented in recent years. Cardiovascular disease continues to be a leading cause of death. Smoking is identified as a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, carotid disease, and peripheral artery disease with peripheral artery disease documented in 5%-10% of all Americans. Smoking is also a significant risk factor in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm in 7% of men aged 65-75 years with a smoking history...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521820/surgical-management-of-peripheral-vascular-manifestations-of-loeys-dietz-syndrome
#17
Robert J Beaulieu, Jennifer Lue, Bryan A Ehlert, Joshua C Grimm, Caitlin W Hicks, James H Black
BACKGROUND: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is characterized by a triad of aortic aneurysm, vessel tortuosity, and hypertelorism. LDS patients often harbor additional aneurysms and dissections throughout their vasculature. The optimal management of these additional lesions is poorly understood. Accordingly, we sought to analyze our experience with the peripheral arterial manifestations of LDS. METHODS: Adult and pediatric LDS patients who sought treatment at a single institution from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034580/epidemiology-and-inpatient-treatment-of-vascular-diseases-in-germany-english-version
#18
A Kühnl, H Söllner, H-H Eckstein
BACKGROUND: Non-cardiac vascular diseases account for approximately 10 % of the total burden of disease in the German population as measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALY). Thus, from the social perspective, much attention should be paid to optimization of the provision of vascular services especially in elderly people. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the structure of inpatient care and the provision of vascular treatment as well as age- and gender-specific hospital incidence rates of vascular diseases in Germany between 2005 and 2013...
2016: Gefässchirurgie: Zeitschrift Für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926932/validation-of-a-modified-frailty-index-to-predict-mortality-in-vascular-surgery-patients
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bryan A Ehlert, Alireza Najafian, Kristine C Orion, Mahmoud B Malas, James H Black, Christopher J Abularrage
BACKGROUND: Patient frailty has been implicated as a predictor of poor patient outcomes; however, there is no consensus on how to define or quantify frailty to assess perioperative risk. A previously described modified Frailty Index (mFI) has been shown to predict adverse outcomes after selected vascular surgical procedures, but no studies to date have compared its utility against other recognized risk indices in specific populations of vascular surgery patients. METHODS: National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data were reviewed for all patients undergoing carotid revascularization, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, and lower extremity revascularization for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) from 2006 to 2012...
June 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792932/blood-flow-analysis-of-the-aortic-arch-using-computational-fluid-dynamics
#20
Satoshi Numata, Keiichi Itatani, Keiichi Kanda, Kiyoshi Doi, Sachiko Yamazaki, Kazuki Morimoto, Kaichiro Manabe, Koki Ikemoto, Hitoshi Yaku
OBJECTIVES: To obtain predictive information regarding aortic disease, we evaluated how blood flow inside the aortic arch was influenced by thoracic aortic aneurysms. In addition, to reveal the optimal intraoperative management in these cases, we examined blood flow during right subclavian arterial (rSCA) perfusion using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). METHODS: Patient-specific models of the aortic arch were made with six different patterns based on the computed tomographic images...
June 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
167520
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"