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Weight loss program

Shiguang Wang, Bingtian Ma, Qiang Gao, Guojing Jiang, Lei Zhou, Bin Tu, Peng Qin, Xueqin Tan, Peixiong Liu, Yunhai Kang, Yuping Wang, Weilan Chen, Chengzhi Liang, Shigui Li
Shuhui498 (R498) is an elite parent of heavy panicle hybrid rice by pyramiding the rare gn1a and null gs3 alleles. This finding reveals the genetic basis and great potential application in future breeding of R498. The heavy panicle trait, defined as 5 g or more of grain weight per panicle, is one of the target traits in super-high-yield rice breeding programs. The use of heavy panicle-type hybrid rice has been shown to be a successful strategy for super-high-yield breeding programs, particularly under the environmental conditions of high humidity and deficient solar radiation in southwestern China...
March 15, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Diane L Rosenbaum, Jocelyn E Remmert, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn
OBJECTIVES: Parenthood is a time marked by behaviors that may promote risk for weight gain, including decreased physical activity and increased unhealthy eating. Little is known about parents in the context of behavioral weight loss, such as whether they differ in weight losses, and related barriers, or behaviors. METHOD: We compared parents of children aged 18 and younger (n = 105) to other participants who did not have children, or whose children were in adulthood (n = 215) in a behavioral weight loss program to evaluate six-month weight losses, and weight loss barriers and behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Maria L Alva
This paper selectively reviews the economic research on individual (i.e., diabetes prevention programs and financial rewards for weight loss) and population-wide based diabetes prevention interventions (such as food taxes, nutritional labeling, and worksite wellness programs) that demonstrate a direct reduction in diabetes incidence or improvements in diabetes risk factors such as weight, glucose or glycated hemoglobin. The paper suggests a framework to guide decision makers on how to use the available evidence to determine the optimal allocation of resources across population-wide and individual-based interventions...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Emalie Hurkmans, Christophe Matthys, An Bogaerts, Leonie Scheys, Karlien Devloo, Jan Seghers
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/mhealth.7713.].
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Tiffany L Gary-Webb, Elizabeth A Walker, Lindsey Realmuto, Alexandra Kamler, Jennifer Lukin, William Tyson, Olveen Carrasquillo, Linda Weiss
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) landmark randomized trial demonstrated that participants with prediabetes could reduce their risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% if they achieved 5%-7% weight loss through healthy eating and increasing physical activity. The National DPP (NDPP) is a group intervention based on the DPP and has been widely disseminated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many healthcare institutions. While data show that the program is effective in diverse populations, enrollment among men from low-income and minority communities is low...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Lindsey Realmuto, Alexandra Kamler, Linda Weiss, Tiffany L Gary-Webb, Michael E Hodge, José A Pagán, Elizabeth A Walker
The National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) has been effectively translated to various community and clinical settings; however, regardless of setting, enrollment among men and lower-income populations is low. This study presents participant perspectives on Power Up for Health, a novel NDPP pilot adaption for men residing in low-income communities in New York City. We conducted nine interviews and one focus group with seven participants after the program ended. Interview and focus group participants had positive perceptions of the program and described the all-male aspect of the program and its reliance on male coaches as major strengths...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Elizabeth A Walker, Linda Weiss, Tiffany L Gary-Webb, Lindsey Realmuto, Alexandra Kamler, Joseph Ravenell, Carlos Tejeda, Jennifer Lukin, Clyde B Schechter
There is a significant evidence base for the Diabetes Prevention Program, a lifestyle intervention to prevent onset of type 2 diabetes among high-risk individuals; however, translation of this intervention for men has been challenging. This report presents outcomes of the pilot study of an adapted 16-week diabetes prevention program entitled " Power Up for Health." The study goal was to better engage men of color with prediabetes from disadvantaged neighborhoods of New York City. It was implemented at five different recreation centers located in predominantly low-income neighborhoods across New York City...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Feray Koc, Mehmet Resit Isik, Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between weight reduction and visual outcome in overweight patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. METHODS: Thirty-nine newly diagnosed, overweight (body mass index >25 kg/m2) patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were studied retrospectively. All patients underwent medical treatment with acetazolamide, and a weight reduction program was also offered. Patients were grouped according to their compliance with this weight reduction program into the diet-success (Group 1) and diet-failure groups (Group 2)...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Laura Van den Mooter, Simon Caerels, Chantal Mathieu
There is a clear unmet clinical need in people with Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) considering present day insulin therapy. New insulin analogues and novel technologies allowing more tailored insulin administration have improved the quality of life of people with T1DM, but issues like hypoglycemia, weight gain and variability in glucose profiles remain problematic. Areas covered: In this review, the clinical efficacy, safety and tolerability of dapagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitor, in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is described based on a review of phase 2 and 3 studies to date...
March 14, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Agata Leońska-Duniec, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Aleksandra Jażdżewska, Waldemar Moska, Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik, Marek Sawczuk, Svetlana I Gubaydullina, Alsu T Shakirova, Pawel Cięszczyk, Adam Maszczyk, Ildus I Ahmetov
The effectiveness of physical exercise on fat loss and improvement of aerobic capacity varies considerably between individuals. A strong linkage exists between common allelic variants of the adrenergic receptor genes and weight gain, as well as changes in body composition. Therefore we aimed to check if body composition and metabolic variables were modulated by the ADRB2 (Gly16Arg and Glu27Gln), ADRB3 (Trp64Arg) and ADRA2A (rs553668 G/A) gene polymorphisms in 163 Polish sedentary women (age 19-24; body mass index (BMI) 21...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Stefanie Lynn Painter, Rezwan Ahmed, Robert F Kushner, James O Hill, Richard Lindquist, Scott Brunning, Amy Margulies
BACKGROUND: Providing coaches as part of a weight management program is a common practice to increase participant engagement and weight loss success. Understanding coach and participant interactions and how these interactions impact weight loss success needs to be further explored for coaching best practices. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the coach and participant interaction in a 6-month weight loss intervention administered by Retrofit, a personalized weight management and Web-based disease prevention solution...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Dima Kreidieh, Germine El Kassas, Dana El Masri, Hana Tannir, Aya Harfoush, Marwan El Ghoch
Few studies have thus far been carried out on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and obesity in Arab-speaking countries, an issue that we therefore set out to investigate in this study. HRQoL was assessed by the validated Arabic version of the ORWELL 97 questionnaire in 129 treatment-seeking individuals with obesity referred to the Nutritional and Weight Management Outpatient Clinic at the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics of Beirut Arab University (BAU) in Lebanon, and 129 normal-weight participants of similar age and gender...
March 13, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Andrew Schneider, Deborah A Hutcheon, Allyson Hale, Joseph A Ewing, Megan Miller, John D Scott
BACKGROUND: Many insurance companies require patient participation in a medically supervised weight management program (WMP) before offering approval for bariatric surgery. Clinical data surrounding benefits of participation are limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between preoperative insurance-mandated WMP participation and postoperative outcomes in bariatric surgery patients. SETTING: Regional referral center and teaching hospital...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Erica Silvestris, Giovanni de Pergola, Raffaele Rosania, Giuseppe Loverro
Both obesity and overweight are increasing worldwide and have detrimental influences on several human body functions including the reproductive health. In particular, obese women undergo perturbations of the 'hypothalamic pituitary ovarian axis', and frequently suffer of menstrual dysfunction leading to anovulation and infertility. Besides the hormone disorders and subfertility that are common in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), in obesity the adipocytes act as endocrine organ. The adipose tissue indeed, releases a number of bioactive molecules, namely adipokines, that variably interact with multiple molecular pathways of insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, cardiovascular risk, coagulation, and oocyte differentiation and maturation...
March 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
Garth Funston, Helena O'Flynn, Neil A J Ryan, Willie Hamilton, Emma J Crosbie
Early diagnosis of symptomatic gynecological cancer is likely to improve patient outcomes, including survival. The primary care practitioner has a key role to play in this-they must recognize the symptoms and signs of gynecological cancer and make prompt evidence-based decisions regarding further investigation and referral. However, this is often difficult as many of the symptoms of gynecological cancers are nonspecific and are more likely to be caused by benign rather than malignant disease. As primary care is generally the first point of patient contact, those working in this setting usually encounter cancer patients at an earlier, and possibly less symptomatic, stage than practitioners in secondary care...
March 7, 2018: Advances in Therapy
M Kaye Kramer, Karl K Vanderwood, Vincent C Arena, Rachel G Miller, Rebecca Meehan, Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Gerald Schafer, Elizabeth M Venditti, Andrea M Kriska
Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of an adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle program, DPP Group Lifestyle Balance (GLB), delivered in 3 economically diverse senior/community centers. Methods The DPP-GLB was implemented in 3 senior/community centers in Allegheny County, PA. A 6-month delayed control intervention design was used. Participants were randomized to begin the DPP-GLB immediately (immediate) or after a 6-month delay (delayed). Adults (n = 134; mean age = 62...
March 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
Junmin Wei, Linlin Fan, Yuhui Zhang, Shirley Li, Jamie Partridge, Ling Claytor, Suela Sulo
Malnutrition and depression are of important concern among older adults. We investigated the association between malnutrition and depression among community-dwelling older Chinese adults and how both affect health care costs. Data from 4916 older adults (age ≥60 years) collected as part of 2013-Wave II China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) survey were analyzed. Measures of body mass index and weight loss were used as indicators of malnutrition. Malnourished subjects were 31% more likely to be depressed than their non-malnourished counterparts (odds ratio = 1...
March 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Lisa G Rosas, Nan Lv, Kristen M J Azar, Lan Xiao, Steven P Hooker, Megan A Lewis, Patricia Zavella, Elizabeth M Venditti, Jun Ma
Latino men bear a disproportionate burden of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, limited behavioral lifestyle intervention research has focused on Latino men. This trial compares two approaches to weight loss for overweight and obese Latino men: 1) HOMBRE is a culturally adapted intervention that provides individual choice of either self-directed online videos, coach-facilitated in-person groups, and coach-facilitated online groups; and 2) a minimal intensity intervention that uses online videos with a coach available, if solicited by the participant...
March 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Laura M Anderson, Thomas P Chacko
Binge eating disorder, food addiction, and dysregulated overeating are common among people with severe obesity and prevalent among bariatric surgery populations. These problematic eating habits share commonalities with other addictions. Effective, holistic self-management is needed to promote long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment among patients who are severely obese who undergo surgery, especially those with clinically remarkable levels of binge eating, food addiction, or dysregulated overeating...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
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