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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792067/application-of-machine-learning-to-predict-dietary-lapses-during-weight-loss
#1
Stephanie P Goldstein, Fengqing Zhang, John G Thomas, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert, Evan M Forman
BACKGROUND: Individuals who adhere to dietary guidelines provided during weight loss interventions tend to be more successful with weight control. Any deviation from dietary guidelines can be referred to as a "lapse." There is a growing body of research showing that lapses are predictable using a variety of physiological, environmental, and psychological indicators. With recent technological advancements, it may be possible to assess these triggers and predict dietary lapses in real time...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790949/fecal-microbiota-composition-changes-after-a-body-weight-loss-diet-in-beagle-dogs
#2
A Salas, I Jeusette, I Castillo, C L Manuelian, C Lionnet, N Iraculis, N Sanchez, S Fernández, L L Vilaseca, C Torre
In developed countries, dogs and cats frequently suffer from obesity. Recently, gut microbiota composition in humans has been related to obesity and metabolic diseases. This study aimed to evaluate changes in body composition, and gut microbiota composition in obese Beagle dogs after a 17-week body weight (BW) loss program. A total of six neutered adult Beagle dogs with an average initial BW of 16.34 ± 1.52 kg and BCS of 7.8 ± 0.1 points (9-point scale) were restrictedly fed with a hypocaloric, low-fat and high-fiber dry-type diet...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790679/the-influence-of-a-3-week-body-mass-reduction-program-on-the-metabolic-parameters-and-free-amino-acid-profiles-in-adult-polish-people-with-obesity
#3
Małgorzata Moszak, Agnieszka Klupczyńska, Alina Kanikowska, Zenon Kokot, Agnieszka Zawada, Małgorzata Grzymisławska, Marian Grzymisławski
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have showed differences in the amino acid (AA) composition in the plasma of people with obesity when compared to lean individuals, but the perturbations of AA concentrations in obesity and the dynamics of AA changes after weight loss is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of a short-term weight reduction program on the metabolic status and plasma AA levels in individuals with obesity...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788961/relationships-among-medication-adherence-lifestyle-modification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780358/sex-and-gender-differences-in-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Jürgen Harreiter, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
Lifestyle intervention programs are effective in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in high risk populations. However, most studies only give limited information about the influence of sex and/or gender effectiveness of these interventions. So far, similar outcome was reported for diabetes progression and weight loss. Nevertheless, long-term data on cardiovascular outcome are sparse but favoring women regarding all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. In both men and women, sex hormone imbalances and reproductive disorders are associated with a higher risk of T2DM development...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775087/does-armodafinil-improve-driving-task-performance-and-weight-loss-in-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-trial
#6
Julia Louise Chapman, Elizabeth Anne Cayanan, Camilla Miranda Hoyos, Yasmina Serinel, Maria Comas, Brendon John Yee, Keith Keat Huat Wong, Ronald Robert Grunstein, Nathaniel Stuart Marshall
RATIONALE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients unable to tolerate standard treatments have few alternatives. They may benefit from weight loss, but the major symptom of daytime performance impairment may remain during weight loss programs. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that wakefulness-promoter armodafinil would improve driving task performance over placebo in patients undergoing weight loss. METHODS Placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial of Armodafinil vs Placebo daily for 6 months in patients who were also randomized to one of two diets for six months with follow-up at one year in overweight, adult, OSA patients who had rejected standard treatment and suffered daytime sleepiness...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770445/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-program-with-participation-incentives-for-medicaid-beneficiaries
#7
Todd Gilmer, Patrick J O'Connor, Jeffrey S Schiff, Gretchen Taylor, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Joyce E Garrett, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Julie Anderson, Jay Desai
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cost-effectiveness of a community-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) for Medicaid beneficiaries from the perspective of the health care sector. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A total of 847 Medicaid enrollees at high risk for type 2 diabetes participating in a community-based DPP. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post clinical outcome and cost data were used as inputs into a validated diabetes simulation model. The model was used to evaluate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and health care costs over a 40-year time horizon from the perspective of the health care sector...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766325/anthropometric-outcomes-of-a-motivational-interviewing-school-based-randomized-trial-involving-adolescents-with-overweight
#8
Silvia Freira, Marina Serra Lemos, Helena Fonseca, Geoffrey Williams, Marta Ribeiro, Fernanda Pena, Maria do Céu Machado
Motivational interviewing (MI) is an effective method to promote weight loss that can be delivered by non-mental health providers. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MI was superior to conventional counseling to improve the anthropometric outcomes of adolescents with obesity/overweight. It was a controlled cluster randomized trial with parallel design in a school setting. The study included two groups: Motivational Interviewing Group (MIG) and control group (Conventional Intervention Group, CIG)...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756962/impact-of-apoe2allele-on-lipid-profile-change-after-a-weight-loss-program
#9
Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Rocío Cupeiro Coto, Domingo González-Lamuño, Teresa Amigo, Barbara Szendrei, Miguel Ángel Rojo-Tirado, Francisco Javier Calderón, Ana Belén Peinado
BACKGROUND: apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism is a genetic determinant of lipid and lipoprotein levels and the risk for coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of ApoE2allele in lipid plasma levels and the influence of a healthy hypocaloric diet plus a controlled physical activity on the lipid profile, we performed a study in a cohort of overweight and obese healthy subjects (Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25 and 34.9 kg·m-2). METHODS: one hundred eighty participants (96 women), aged 18-50 years participated in a 22 weeks weight loss intervention based on same dietary treatment and different controlled exercise programs...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756959/reduced-serotonin-levels-after-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-children-association-with-glucose-and-anthropometric-measurements
#10
Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez, Lydia Morell-Azanza, María Cristina Azcona-Sanjulián, J Alfredo Martínez, María J Ramirez, Amelia Marti
BACKGROUND: serotonin signaling participates in body weight regulation and glucose metabolism. However, little information is available on circulating serotonin levels in obese subjects after a weight loss program. We aimed to assess the effect of a lifestyle intervention on serotonin levels in obese children and possible associations with anthropometric and blood glucose measurements. METHODS: forty-four obese children were enrolled in a ten-week lifestyle intervention consisting of a moderate caloric restriction diet, nutritional education and familial involvement...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755046/the-church-bridge-project-an-academic-community-perspective-of-a-church-based-weight-management-pilot-intervention-among-young-adult-african-americans
#11
Jennifer L Lemacks, Robert E James, Laurie Abbott, Hwanseok Choi, Ashley Parker, Ashley Bryant, Penny A Ralston, Annither Gilner Rigsby, Patricia Gilner
BACKGROUND: Churches are effective community partners and settings to address weight management among African Americans. There is limited information on the use of churches to reach young adult populations and church collaborations with primary care clinics. OBJECTIVES: The Church Bridge Project represents a community-academic partnership that presents the recruitment process of a church-based weight management intervention and describes baseline data of participants recruited from churches and primary care providers...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748695/changes-in-intestinal-microbiota-of-bufo-gargarizans-and-its-association-with-body-weight-during-metamorphosis
#12
Lihong Chai, Zhongmin Dong, Aixia Chen, Hongyuan Wang
The assembly of intestinal microbial communities can play major roles in animal development. We hypothesized that intestinal microbial communities could mirror the developmental programs of amphibian metamorphosis. Here, we surveyed the morphological parameters of the body and intestine of Bufo gargarizans at varying developmental stages and inventoried the intestinal microbial communities of B. gargarizans at four key developmental stages via 16S rDNA gene sequencing. Firstly, our survey showed that during metamorphosis, body weight and intestinal weight were reduced by 56...
May 10, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745914/weight-loss-in-a-young-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-challenges-of-diabetes-management-using-online-program-of-good-nutrition-case-report
#13
V Krylov
A 31-year-old male with a history of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypercholesterolemia came to our clinic for medical weight-loss management. According to his initial anthropometric measurements (weight - 193 kg, height - 181 cm, and body mass index (BMI) - 58 kg/m2) patient had morbid obesity. In order to educate our patient about good nutrition, physical activity and the need of sun exposure we used an online system based on the video lessons, full of humor, pictures, and cartoons. Even one month of watching the short educational movies was sufficient for the patient to form the habits of healthy eating, including restriction of fat and digestible carbohydrates and increase in daily consumption of low-fat dairy products, slow carbohydrates, protein and fiber...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743883/treatment-of-diabetic-mice-with-a-combination-of-ketogenic-diet-and-aerobic-exercise-via-modulations-of-ppars-gene-programs
#14
Qiang Zhang, Lingyan Xu, Jie Xia, Dongmei Wang, Min Qian, Shuzhe Ding
Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent chronic disease arising as a serious public health problem worldwide. Diet intervention is considered to be a critical strategy in glycemic control of diabetic patients. Recently, the low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet is shown to be effective in glycemic control and weight loss. However, hepatic lipid accumulation could be observed in mice treated with ketogenic diet. On the other hand, exercise is a well-known approach for treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. We thus hypothesize that the combination of ketogenic diet and exercise could improve insulin sensitivity, while minimizing adverse effect of hepatic steatosis...
2018: PPAR Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742712/design-of-a-comparative-effectiveness-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-a-faith-based-diabetes-prevention-program-word-dpp-vs-a-pacific-culturally-adapted-diabetes-prevention-program-pili-dpp-for-marshallese-in-the-united-states
#15
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Nia Aitaoto, Zoran Bursac, Lucy Capelle, Melisa Laelan, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Sheldon Riklon, Brett Rowland, Britni L Ayers, Ralph O Wilmoth, Krista N Langston, Mario Schootman, James P Selig, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population. OBJECTIVES: A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach was utilized to engage Marshallese participants in a comparative effectiveness trial testing 2 Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) interventions designed to reduce participant's weight, lower HbA1c, encourage healthy eating, and increase physical activity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737494/the-effect-of-moderate-weight-loss-with-or-without-1-3-1-6-%C3%AE-glucan-addition-on-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-inflammatory-gene-expression-in-young-subjects-with-uncomplicated-obesity
#16
Marek Strączkowski, Agnieszka Nikołajuk, Radosław Majewski, Remigiusz Filarski, Magdalena Stefanowicz, Natalia Matulewicz, Monika Karczewska-Kupczewska
PURPOSE: Obesity is characterized by insulin resistance and low-grade systemic and adipose tissue (AT) inflammation. It remains unclear whether beneficial effects of weight loss are related to AT inflammation. We aimed to assess the effect of weight loss during low-calorie diet on insulin sensitivity, AT expression of genes associated with inflammation in young subjects with obesity. Furthermore, we estimated the effects of immunomodulatory (1, 3)(1, 6)-β-glucan (BG) on the above parameters...
May 8, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736256/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-yoga-as-a-fall-prevention-strategy-for-older-people-in-india
#17
Lisa Keay, Devarsetty Praveen, Abdul Salam, K V Rajasekhar, Anne Tiedemann, Vimala Thomas, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Cathie Sherrington, Rebecca Q Ivers
Background: Falls are an emerging public health issue in India, with the impact set to rise as the population ages. We sought to evaluate the acceptability, feasibility and likely impact of a yoga-based program aimed at improving balance and mobility for older residents in urban India. Methods: Fifty local residents aged 60 years and older were recruited from urban Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. They were invited to attend a 1-h yoga class, twice weekly for 3 months...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736239/clinical-and-psychological-features-of-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-eating-disorder-program-a-descriptive-study
#18
Megan Cooney, Melissa Lieberman, Tim Guimond, Debra K Katzman
Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder first described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013]. Patients with ARFID do not fear gaining weight or have body image distortions. ARFID involves a persistent disturbance in feeding and eating that results in an inability to meet nutritional and/or energy needs with one of the following: weight loss or failure to achieve appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements and significant interference with psychosocial functioning...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729586/does-mental-health-influence-weight-loss-in-adults-with-prediabetes-findings-from-the-va-diabetes-prevention-program
#19
Carol A Janney, Jared M Greenberg, Tannaz Moin, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Robert G Holleman, Maria Hughes, Laura J Damschroder, Caroline R Richardson, Alexander S Young, Nanette Steinle
OBJECTIVES: Mental illness may impact outcomes from structured behavioral weight loss interventions. This secondary analysis investigated the influence of mental health on weight loss among Veterans with prediabetes enrolled in either an in-person diabetes prevention program (DPP) or the usual care weight management program (MOVE!) designed to help patients achieve weight loss through changes in physical activity and diet. METHODS: Prediabetes was defined by Hemoglobin A1c between 5...
April 4, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724709/usefulness-of-a-novel-mobile-diabetes-prevention-program-delivery-platform-with-human-coaching-65-week-observational-follow-up
#20
Andreas Michaelides, Jennifer Major, Edmund Pienkosz, Meghan Wood, Youngin Kim, Tatiana Toro-Ramos
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that the prevalence of obesity and comorbidities including prediabetes and type 2 diabetes continue to increase worldwide. Results from a 24-week Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) fully mobile pilot intervention were previously published showing promising evidence of the usefulness of DPP-based eHealth interventions on weight loss. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study extends previous findings to evaluate weight loss results of core (up to week 16) and maintenance (postcore weeks) DPP interventions at 65 weeks from baseline...
May 3, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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