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Weight loss program

Ameneh Madjd, Moira A Taylor, Alireza Delavari, Reza Malekzadeh, Ian A Macdonald, Hamid R Farshchi
AIMS: To compare the effect of replacing diet beverages (DBs) with water or continuing to drink DBs in patients with type 2 diabetes during a 24-week weight loss program. The primary endpoint was the effect of intervention on weight over a 24-week period. The main secondary endpoints included anthropometric measurement and glucose and fat metabolism during the 24-week period. METHODS: A total of 81 overweight and obese women with type 2 diabetes, who usually consumed DBs in their diet, were asked to either substitute water for DBs or continue drinking DBs five times per week after lunch for 24 weeks (DBs group) during a weight loss program...
October 16, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Patricia D Freitas, Palmira G Ferreira, Aline G Silva, Rafael Stelmach, Regina M Carvalho-Pinto, Frederico L A Fernandes, Marcio C Mancini, Maria N Sato, Milton A Martins, Celso R F Carvalho
RATIONALE: Clinical control is difficult to achieve in obese patients with asthma. Bariatric surgery has been recommended for weight-loss and to improve asthma control; however, the benefits of nonsurgical interventions have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise training in a weight-loss program on asthma control, quality of life, inflammatory biomarkers and lung function. METHODS: Fifty-five obese patients with asthma were randomly assigned to either a weight-loss program + exercise (WL+E group, n=28) or a weight-loss program + sham (WL+S group, n=27) group, where the weight-loss program included nutrition (caloric restriction) and psychological therapies...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Maťhová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Eve Normandin, Elizabeth Chmelo, Mary F Lyles, Anthony P Marsh, Barbara J Nicklas
PURPOSE: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is greatest in older obese adults and effective evidence-based treatment strategies are lacking. This study determined the efficacy of adding caloric restriction (CR) for weight loss to resistance training (RT) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components in older overweight and obese adults. METHODS: We performed a 5-month randomized controlled trial in 126 older (65-79 yrs) overweight and obese (Body Mass Index: 27-35 kg/m) men and women who were assigned to progressive 3-d/wk, moderate-intensity RT with (RT+CR) or without caloric restriction (RT)...
October 13, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Tatiana Moro, Grant Tinsley, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Marcolin, Quirico Francesco Pacelli, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Palma, Paulo Gentil, Marco Neri, Antonio Paoli
BACKGROUND: Intermittent fasting (IF) is an increasingly popular dietary approach used for weight loss and overall health. While there is an increasing body of evidence demonstrating beneficial effects of IF on blood lipids and other health outcomes in the overweight and obese, limited data are available about the effect of IF in athletes. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the effects of a modified IF protocol (i.e. time-restricted feeding) during resistance training in healthy resistance-trained males...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Cheila Aparecida Bevilaqua, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: to ascertain the effectiveness of an intervention program in relation to anthropometric measurements and stage of readiness for behavioral change in women with excess weight. Methods: the intervention group (IG) was made up of 13 women, and the control group (CG), by 20. The intervention lasted 16 weeks, and included the practice of guided physical activity three times a week, and health education once a week. The application of the questionnaire on stage of readiness for behavioral change, and the anthropometric evaluations, were undertaken at two points - before and after the period of intervention...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Ameneh Madjd, Moira A Taylor, Leila Shafiei Neek, Alireza Delavari, Reza Malekzadeh, Ian A Macdonald, Hamid R Farshchi
BACKGROUND: The effect of intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) on weight loss has been well described. However, the effect of the frequency of weekly PA on weight loss is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the frequency of weekly PA sessions while maintaining the same total activity time on weight loss during a 24-wk weight loss program. DESIGN: Overweight and obese women [n = 75; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)): 27-37; age: 18-40 y] who had a normally sedentary lifestyle were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 intervention groups: a high-frequency physical activity (HF) or a low-frequency physical activity (LF) group...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Valery S Effoe, Jeffrey A Katula, Julienne K Kirk, Carolyn F Pedley, Linda Y Bollhalter, W Mark Brown, Margaret R Savoca, Stedman T Jones, Janet Baek, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: The use of the electronic medical record (EMR) system in recruitment in clinical trials has the potential for providing a very reliable and cost-effective recruiting methodology which may improve participant recruitment in clinical trials. We examined a recruitment approach centered on the use of the EMR, as well as other traditional methods, in the Lifestyle Intervention for Treatment of Diabetes (LIFT Diabetes) trial. METHODS: LIFT Diabetes is a randomized controlled trial designed to investigate the effects of two contrasting interventions on cardiovascular disease risk: a community-based intensive lifestyle program aimed at achieving weight loss and a clinic-based enhanced diabetes self-management program...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Ken Nash, Frank Ghinassi, Jaspreet S Brar, Abdulkader Alam, Mary Catherine Bohan, Kalyani Gopalan, Amie Carter, K N Roy Chengappa
OBJECTIVES: 1. A quality performance improvement (QI) project to implement an electronic screening and monitoring tool to record components of the metabolic syndrome (e-MSD) during clinic visits by persons with serious mental illness (SMI). 2. To encourage psychiatrists to use this tool in their documentation. METHODS: Working with the information technology staff, five psychiatrists developed, tested, revised and embedded the e-MSD tool into the medication management document within the electronic health record...
2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
Fady Saleh, Aristithes G Doumouras, Scott Gmora, Mehran Anvari, Dennis Hong
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery centres of excellence are relatively new in Canada and were first started in Ontario in 2009. This study presents short-term outcomes of Canada's largest bariatric collaborative, from Ontario, during its first 3 years. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study that included all patients (age ≥ 18) who received a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy for the purpose of weight loss from March 2009 to April 2012 within Ontario...
July 2016: CMAJ Open
Emma Nally, James Jelinek, Robert D Bunning
Lead toxicity in adults is characterized by nonspecific symptoms of abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, and weight loss. We present a case of severe lead toxicity that developed sub-acutely causing quadriparesis nine years after a gun shot wound with retained bullet fragments. The onset of symptoms may have been related to the development of a pseudocyst. The long interval between the gunshot wound and the onset of symptoms contributed to a delay in suspecting that the retained bullet was a source of lead toxicity...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Hamid Lorvand Amiri, Shahram Agah, Javad Tolouei Azar, Sharieh Hosseini, Farzad Shidfar, Seyedeh Neda Mousavi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite evidence for beneficial effects of vitamin D, to our knowledge, no study has compared the effects of calcium supplementation with vitamin D on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) regression during a hypo-energetic program. We compared the effect of the vitamin D supplementation with and without calcium on anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in NAFLD patients during a weight-loss program. METHODS: A 12-week, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial was conducted in 120 NAFLD patients randomly assigned to receive 25 μg calcitriol (n = 37), 500 mg calcium carbonate + 25 μg calcitriol (n = 37), or placebo (n = 36) every day with their lunch meals while following a weight-loss program...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mia A Papas, Jillian C Trabulsi, Michelle Axe, James H Rimmer
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a major public health concern. Children with disabilities have a higher prevalence of obesity. OBJECTIVE: We examined factors associated with obesity within a cross-sectional study of US adolescents with and without disabilities. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess effects of dietary habits, physical activity, and unhealthy weight control behaviors on obesity...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Fang Chen, Wenqing Su, Shawn H Becker, Mike Payne, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Anne L Peters, Timothy M Dall
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease impose substantial clinical and economic burdens for seniors (age 65 and above) and the Medicare program. Intensive Behavioral Counseling (IBC) interventions like the National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP), have demonstrated effectiveness in reducing excess body weight and lowering or delaying morbidity onset. This paper estimated the potential health implications and medical savings of a digital version of IBC modeled after the NDPP...
2016: PloS One
Katherine H Saunders, Leon I Igel, Louis J Aronne
As the prevalence of obesity continues to increase, the need for effective long-term treatment strategies for the overweight and the obese is critical. Pharmacology fills a large treatment gap between behavioral therapy, which is insufficient for the majority of patients, and devices and surgery, which are available to only a subset of patients. Naltrexone HCl and bupropion HCl Extended-Release (naltrexone XR/bupropion XR) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for chronic weight management in 2014...
October 4, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
M Ocepek, I Andersen-Ranberg, S A Edwards, B Fredriksen, T Framstad, I L Andersen
The aim of this project was to study the consequences of litter investment on physical characteristics in primiparous and multiparous sows in 3 Norwegian breeds (Norsvin Duroc [ = 12], Norsvin Landrace [ = 12], and crossbreeds [Norsvin Landrace and Swedish Yorkshire { = 15}]). We predicted that the maternal sow line (Norsvin Landrace) would invest more in their litter in term of higher weight at birth, resulting in a higher litter weight of weaned piglets but with the consequence of greater loss in body condition and a higher prevalence of shoulder lesions...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Andrea Figura, Matthias Rose, Jürgen Ordemann, Burghard F Klapp, Anne Ahnis
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe obesity need to adapt to surgically induced changes in their eating behaviors to maintain treatment success. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and on 3 dimensions of eating behavior, namely, cognitive restraint, disinhibition, and hunger. Outcomes of the LSG group were compared with a group of conservatively treated (CT) patients, who underwent a 1-year multimodal weight-reduction group program that included dietary advice, physical exercise, psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral therapy, training in Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation, and social group support...
August 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Elizabeth M Venditti
Self-management is critical for the prevention and control of chronic health conditions. Research shows that dietary and physical activity behaviors related to obesity are inextricably linked to the development, course, and outcomes of Type 2 diabetes and its comorbidities. Therefore, a compelling case has been made for behavioral lifestyle intervention as the first-line approach. Academic psychologists and other behavioral scientists have contributed to all stages of obesity and diabetes prevention research and practice...
October 2016: American Psychologist
Caitlin Mason, Jean De Dieu Tapsoba, Catherine Duggan, Ikuyo Imayama, Ching-Yun Wang, Larissa Korde, Anne McTiernan
Reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL), depressive symptoms and poor sleep quality are important health issues among postmenopausal women and may be associated with low vitamin D status. Overweight postmenopausal women, with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] 10-32ng/m, were recruited in Seattle, WA (2010-2012) and randomly assigned to 12months of weight loss +2000IU oral vitamin D3/day or weight loss+daily placebo. The weight-loss program included a reduced-calorie diet and 225min/week of moderate-to-vigorous aerobic activity...
September 26, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Caroline Guglielmetti, Debbie Le Blon, Eva Santermans, Angelica Salas-Perdomo, Jasmijn Daans, Nathalie De Vocht, Disha Shah, Chloé Hoornaert, Jelle Praet, Jurgen Peerlings, Firat Kara, Christian Bigot, Zhenhua Mai, Herman Goossens, Niel Hens, Sven Hendrix, Marleen Verhoye, Anna M Planas, Zwi Berneman, Annemie van der Linden, Peter Ponsaerts
Detrimental inflammatory responses in the central nervous system are a hallmark of various brain injuries and diseases. With this study we provide evidence that lentiviral vector-mediated expression of the immune-modulating cytokine interleukin 13 (IL-13) induces an alternative activation program in both microglia and macrophages conferring protection against severe oligodendrocyte loss and demyelination in the cuprizone mouse model for multiple sclerosis (MS). First, IL-13 mediated modulation of cuprizone induced lesions was monitored using T2 -weighted magnetic resonance imaging and magnetization transfer imaging, and further correlated with quantitative histological analyses for inflammatory cell influx, oligodendrocyte death, and demyelination...
September 29, 2016: Glia
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