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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110468/effects-of-breakfast-eating-and-eating-frequency-on-body-mass-index-and-weight-loss-outcomes-in-adults-enrolled-in-an-obesity-treatment-program
#1
Maureen Megson, Rena Wing, Tricia M Leahey
This study examined the effects of breakfast eating and eating frequency on objectively assessed BMI and weight loss outcomes among adults enrolled in obesity treatment. Participants completed measures of breakfast eating and eating frequency before and after treatment and had their height and weight measured. Baseline breakfast eating and eating frequency were not associated with baseline BMI (p = .34, p = .45, respectively) and did not predict weight loss during treatment (p = .36, p = .58, respectively)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#2
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100227/prenatal-and-postnatal-mothering-by-diesel-exhaust-pm2-5-exposed-dams-differentially-program-mouse-energy-metabolism
#3
Minjie Chen, Shuai Liang, Huifen Zhou, Yanyi Xu, Xiaobo Qin, Ziying Hu, Xiaoke Wang, Lianglin Qiu, Wanjun Wang, Yuhao Zhang, Zhekang Ying
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the leading threats to global public health. It is consequent to abnormal energy metabolism. Currently, it has been well established that maternal exposure to environmental stressors that cause inappropriate fetal development may have long-term adverse effects on offspring energy metabolism in an exposure timing-dependent manner, known as developmental programming of health and diseases paradigm. Rapidly increasing evidence has indicated that maternal exposure to ambient fine particles (PM2...
January 18, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097013/randomised-double-blind-clinical-investigation-to-compare-orlistat-60-milligram-and-a-customized-polyglucosamine-two-treatment-methods-for-the-management-of-overweight-and-obesity
#4
Manfred Stoll, Norman Bitterlich, Umberto Cornelli
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a non-prescription drug to support weight loss programs has yet to be compared. This clinical trial investigates the comparability of orlistat 60 milligram (mg) and polyglucosamine. METHODS: Sixty-four overweight or obese subjects were included in a two-center double-blind study. One center was in Germany [center 1] and the other was in Italy [center 2]. The subjects (26 in center 1 and 38 in center 2) were recommended to follow a calorie deficit of about 2000 kilojoules/day and to increase their physical activity to 3 metabolic equivalent hours (MET h)/day...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095581/long-term-adherence-and-effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-for-community-dwelling-overweight-thai-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-1-year-follow-up
#5
Suparb Aree-Ue, Yuwadee Saraboon, Basia Belza
Being overweight is a major risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine participant adherence to a quadriceps exercise and weight management program after completion of the intervention; and (b) examine whether a quadriceps exercise and weight management program can reduce knee pain and improve knee function and weight loss in 40 community-dwelling overweight Thai older adults with knee OA at 6- and 12-month follow up. Twenty-nine (76.3%) participants completed at least 75% of the program...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094135/diabetes-prevention-program-translation-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#6
Tannaz Moin, Laura J Damschroder, Mona AuYoung, Matthew L Maciejewski, Santanu K Datta, Jane E Weinreb, Nanette I Steinle, Charles Billington, Maria Hughes, Fatima Makki, Robert G Holleman, H Myra Kim, Amy S Jeffreys, Linda S Kinsinger, Jennifer A Burns, Caroline R Richardson
INTRODUCTION: This clinical demonstration trial compared the effectiveness of the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Prevention Program (VA-DPP) with an evidence-based usual care weight management program (MOVE!(®)) in the Veterans Health Administration health system. DESIGN: Prospective, pragmatic, non-randomized comparative effectiveness study of two behavioral weight management interventions. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Obese/overweight Veterans with prediabetes were recruited from three geographically diverse VA sites between 2012 and 2014...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#7
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092246/-neonatal-hearing-screening-and-early-intervention-a-screening-program-to-evaluate-all-infants-to-identify-the-hearing-impaired
#8
Beatriz González-Jiménez, Efrén Delgado-Mendoza, Rafael Rojano-González, Florencia Valdez-Izaguirre, Pedro Gutiérrez-Aguilar, Félix Guillermo Márquez-Celedonio, Mario González-Santes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Hearing Screening and Early Intervention (NHSEI) is a screening program to evaluate all infants and identify those with hearing impairment. The objective of this work was to determine the factors associated with hearing loss in NHSEI program. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study was performed. 234 infants were included in the NHSEI program, hearing was evaluated with transitory evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOE) at frequencies of 1.5 to 4...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090340/recruitment-and-retention-for-a-weight-loss-maintenance-trial-involving-weight-loss-prior-to-randomization
#9
C I Voils, J M Grubber, M A McVay, M K Olsen, J Bolton, J M Gierisch, S S Taylor, M L Maciejewski, W S Yancy
OBJECTIVE: A weight loss maintenance trial involving weight loss prior to randomization is challenging to implement due to the potential for dropout and insufficient weight loss. We examined rates and correlates of non-initiation, dropout, and insufficient weight loss during a weight loss maintenance trial. METHODS: The MAINTAIN trial involved a 16-week weight loss program followed by randomization among participants losing at least 4 kg. Psychosocial measures were administered during a screening visit...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090339/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-improving-recruitment-and-engagement-of-emerging-adults-in-behavioural-weight-loss-programs
#10
J G LaRose, K M Guthrie, A Lanoye, D F Tate, E Robichaud, L J Caccavale, R R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adults ages 18-25 are at high risk for obesity, but are markedly underrepresented in behavioural weight loss (BWL) programs and experience lower engagement and retention relative to older adults. PURPOSE: To utilize a mixed methods approach to inform future efforts to effectively recruit and engage this high-risk population in BWL programs. METHODS: We used a convergent parallel design in which quantitative and qualitative data were given equal priority...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090332/long-term-effect-of-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-real-world-clinical-practice-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Osama Hamdy, Adham Mottalib, Amr Morsi, Nuha El-Sayed, Ann Goebel-Fabbri, Gillian Arathuzik, Jacqueline Shahar, Amanda Kirpitch, John Zrebiec
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated long-term impact of sustained weight loss versus weight regain on cardiovascular risk factors in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: We evaluated 129 obese patients with diabetes enrolled in Weight Achievement and Intensive Treatment (Why WAIT) program, a 12-week clinical model of intensive lifestyle intervention. After 1 year, we divided participants into group A, who maintained <7% weight loss (47.3%) and group B (52.7%), who maintained ≥7% weight loss...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089764/promoting-weight-maintenance-with-electronic-health-record-tools-in-a-primary-care-setting-baseline-results-from-the-maintain-pc-trial
#12
Molly B Conroy, Cindy L Bryce, Kathleen M McTigue, Dana Tudorascu, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Diane Comer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly Huber, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Gary S Fischer
Maintaining weight loss is a significant challenge in combating obesity. The goal of Maintaining Activity and Nutrition through Technology-Assisted Innovation in Primary Care (MAINTAIN-pc) is to evaluate the use of tools delivered through an electronic health record (EHR) and patient portal, with or without health coach support, to help primary care patients maintain weight loss. EHR tools include flowsheets, standardized surveys, and secure patient messaging. Inclusion criteria were age 18-75years, voluntary 5% weight loss in the past 2years with prior BMI≥25kg/m(2), and no bariatric procedures in past 5years...
January 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087230/the-impact-of-obesity-on-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-renal-scarring-in-children-with-vesicoureteral-reflux
#13
H J Byun, J Y Ha, W Jung, B H Kim, C H Park, C I Kim
INTRODUCTION: It has become clear that obesity is associated with a variety of infectious diseases, including urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal scarring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between obesity and the degree of febrile UTI (fUTI) and renal scarring in children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), and to stratify the results into obesity subcategories. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 186 patients were diagnosed with VUR between January 2002 and December 2008...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081250/cutaneous-deficiency-of-filaggrin-and-stat3-exacerbates-vaccinia-disease-in-vivo
#14
Yong He, Ishrat Sultana, Kazuyo Takeda, Jennifer L Reed
RATIONALE: Defects in filaggrin and STAT3 are associated with atopic dermatitis (AD) and susceptibility to severe skin infection. METHODS: We evaluated skin infection with the current smallpox vaccine, ACAM-2000, in immunosuppressed mice with combined cutaneous deficiency in filaggrin and STAT3. In parallel, early events post-infection with ACAM-2000 were investigated in cultured keratinocytes in which filaggrin expression was knocked down via siRNA. RESULTS: Immunosuppressed, filaggrin-deficient mice, treated with the topical STAT3 inhibitor Stattic® prior to ACAM-2000 infection, demonstrated rapid weight loss, prolonged vaccinia burden in skin, and dermatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079244/preoperative-multidisciplinary-program-for-bariatric-surgery-a-proposal-for-the-brazilian-public-health-system
#15
Elinton Adami Chaim, José Carlos Pareja, Martinho Antonio Gestic, Murillo Pimentel Utrini, Everton Cazzo
BACKGROUND: - Bariatric surgery has become the gold standard treatment for morbid obesity, but access to surgery remains difficult and low compliance to postoperative follow-up is common. To improve outcomes, enable access and optimize follow-up, we developed a multidisciplinary preoperative approach for bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the impact of this program in the outcomes of bariatric surgery in the Brazilian public health system. METHODS: - A prospective evaluation of the individuals who underwent a preoperative multidisciplinary program for bariatric surgery and comparison of their surgical outcomes with those observed in the prospectively collected historical database of the individuals who underwent surgery before the beginning of the program...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075695/lessons-from-launching-the-diabetes-prevention-program-in-a-large-integrated-health-care-delivery-system-a-case-study
#16
Colin D Rehm, Melinda E Marquez, Elizabeth Spurrell-Huss, Nicole Hollingsworth, Amanda S Parsons
There is urgent need for health systems to prevent diabetes. To date, few health systems have implemented the evidence-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), and the few that have mostly partnered with community-based organizations to implement the program. Given the recent decision by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to reimburse for diabetes prevention, there is likely much interest in how such programs can be implemented within large health systems or how community partnerships can be expanded to support DPP implementation...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071704/high-fat-diet-induced-changes-of-mouse-hepatic-transcription-and-enhancer-activity-can-be-reversed-by-subsequent-weight-loss
#17
Majken Siersbæk, Lyuba Varticovski, Shutong Yang, Songjoon Baek, Ronni Nielsen, Susanne Mandrup, Gordon L Hager, Jay H Chung, Lars Grøntved
Epigenetic factors have been suggested to play an important role in metabolic memory by trapping and maintaining initial metabolic changes within the transcriptional regulatory machinery. In this study we fed mice a high fat diet (HFD) for seven weeks followed by additional five weeks of chow, to identify HFD-mediated changes to the hepatic transcriptional program that may persist after weight loss. Mice fed a HFD displayed increased fasting insulin levels, hepatosteatosis and major changes in hepatic gene transcription associated with modulation of H3K27Ac at enhancers, but no significant changes in chromatin accessibility, indicating that HFD-regulated gene transcription is primarily controlled by modulating the activity of pre-established enhancers...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064148/community-weight-loss-to-combat-obesity-and-disability-in-at-risk-older-adults
#18
W Jack Rejeski, Walter T Ambrosius, Jonathan H Burdette, Michael P Walkup, Anthony P Marsh
BACKGROUND: Among older, overweight, and obese adults with either cardiovascular disease or the metabolic syndrome, reduced mobility and loss of leg strength are important risk factors for morbidity, disability, and mortality. It is unclear whether community-based approaches to weight loss may be an effective solution to this public health challenge. METHODS: An 18-month three-site, randomized controlled trial conducted by YMCA staff, with blinded assessors, enrolled 249 older, overweight, and obese adults with either cardiovascular disease or metabolic syndrome with randomization to three interventions: weight loss alone (WL), weight loss + aerobic training (WL + AT), and weight loss + resistance training (WT + RT)...
January 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062480/mean-dietary-salt-intake-in-urban-and-rural-areas-in-india-a-population-survey-of-1395-persons
#19
Claire Johnson, Sailesh Mohan, Kris Rogers, Roopa Shivashankar, Sudhir Raj Thout, Priti Gupta, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor, Jacqui Webster, Anand Krishnan, Pallab K Maulik, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence base in support of population-wide salt reduction is strong, but current high-quality data about salt intake levels in India are mostly absent. This project sought to estimate daily salt consumption levels in selected communities of Delhi and Haryana in north India and Andhra Pradesh in south India. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 24-hour urine samples were collected using an age- and sex-stratified sampling strategy in rural, urban, and slum areas...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062083/reduction-in-energy-expenditure-during-weight-loss-is-higher-than-predicted-based-on-fat-free-mass-and-fat-mass-in-older-adults
#20
Twan Ten Haaf, Amely M Verreijen, Robert G Memelink, Michael Tieland, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND & AIM: The aim of this study was to describe a decrease in resting energy expenditure during weight loss that is larger than expected based on changes in body composition, called adaptive thermogenesis (AT), in overweight and obese older adults. METHODS: Multiple studies were combined to assess AT in younger and older subjects. Body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) were measured before and after weight loss. Baseline values were used to predict fat free mass and fat mass adjusted REE after weight loss...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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