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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119282/could-white-coat-ocular-hypertension-affect-to-the-accuracy-of-the-diagnosis-of-glaucoma-relationships-between-anxiety-and-intraocular-pressure-in-a-simulated-clinical-setting
#1
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Álvarez, Xavier Borràs
Sixty-one healthy subjects participated in a laboratory study carried out in a simulated clinical setting. Anticipatory anxiety-state was assessed at the arrival and immediately after, with no brief phase of adaptation, measurements of intraocular pressure, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were collected. At the end of the procedure, anxiety-trait was also assessed. Results suggest that high levels of both anxiety-state and anxiety-trait significantly predicted a clinically relevant increase of intraocular pressure...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085099/effectiveness-of-dexmedetomidine-as-premedication-prior-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-study
#2
Deepa Sannakki, Naina Parag Dalvi, Shilpa Sannakki, Devangi P Parikh, Sanchita K Garg, Bharati Tendolkar
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine on the acute hyperdynamic response, duration of seizure activity, and recovery profile in patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). AIMS: To study the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg intravenous in ECT in terms of attenuation of the hyperdynamic response, seizures duration, and sedation. DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, crossover study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060212/a-simple-method-for-reconstruction-of-continuous-brachial-artery-pressure-from-continuous-digital-artery-pressure-in-humans
#3
Pandeng Zhang, Quanli Qiu, Ying Luo, Yanxia Zhou, Jia Liu
This paper presents a practical approach to reconstruct brachial artery pressure (BAP) distally from digital artery pressure (DAP). We hypothesize that continuous BAP can simply be approximated by sum of two halves of the continuous DAP shifted by the time delay. In order to test it, we enrolled 30 healthy volunteers for two experiments. We firstly showed that the pressure wave in the digital artery can be considered twice as much as the forward/backward wave in the finger. A simplified individualized transfer function was then derived so as to estimate BAP from DAP...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991754/temporal-analysis-of-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-complexity-by-multiscale-entropy-based-on-symbolic-dynamics
#4
Sina Reulecke, Sonia Charleston-Villalobos, Andreas Voss, Ramon Gonzalez-Camarena, Jesus A Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Mercedes J Gaitan-Gonzalez, Guadalupe Hernandez-Pacheco, Rico Schroeder, Tomas Aljama-Corrales, Sina Reulecke, Sonia Charleston-Villalobos, Andreas Voss, Ramon Gonzalez-Camarena, Jesus A Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Mercedes J Gaitan-Gonzalez, Guadalupe Hernandez-Pacheco, Rico Schroeder, Tomas Aljama-Corrales
The effect of an orthostatic stress on cardiovascular and respiratory complexity was investigated to detect impaired autonomic regulation in patients with vasovagal syncope (VVS). A total of 16 female patients and 12 age-matched healthy female subjects were enrolled in a passive 70° head-up tilt test. Also, 12 age-matched healthy male subjects were enrolled to study gender differences. Analysis was performed dynamically using various short-term (5 min) windows shifted by 1 min as well as by 20 min of orthostatic phase (OP) to evaluate local and global complexity...
July 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742798/cerebrovascular-pressure-reactivity-monitoring-using-wavelet-analysis-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-a-retrospective-study
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xiuyun Liu, Joseph Donnelly, Marek Czosnyka, Marcel J H Aries, Ken Brady, Danilo Cardim, Chiara Robba, Manuel Cabeleira, Dong-Joo Kim, Christina Haubrich, Peter J Hutchinson, Peter Smielewski
BACKGROUND: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), the ability of cerebral vessels to appropriately react to changes in arterial blood pressure (pressure reactivity) is impaired, leaving patients vulnerable to cerebral hypo- or hyperperfusion. Although, the traditional pressure reactivity index (PRx) has demonstrated that impaired pressure reactivity is associated with poor patient outcome, PRx is sometimes erratic and may not be reliable in various clinical circumstances. Here, we introduce a more robust transform-based wavelet pressure reactivity index (wPRx) and compare its performance with the widely used traditional PRx across 3 areas: its stability and reliability in time, its ability to give an optimal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPopt) recommendation, and its relationship with patient outcome...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728322/perioperative-hypertension-management-during-facelift-under-local-anesthesia-with-intravenous-hypnotics
#6
Ki Ho Chung, Myeong Soo Cho, Hoon Jin
Perioperative hypertension is a phenomenon in which a surgical patient's blood pressure temporarily increases throughout the preoperative and postoperative periods and remains high until the patient's condition stabilizes. This phenomenon requires immediate treatment not only because it is observed in a majority of patients who are not diagnosed with high blood pressure, but also because occurs in patients with underlying essential hypertension who show a sharp increase in their blood pressure. The most common complication following facelift surgery is hematoma, and the most critical risk factor that causes hematoma is elevated systolic blood pressure...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719134/development-and-implementation-of-a-clinical-pathway-for-cardiac-surgery-in-the-intensive-care-unit-effects-on-protocol-adherence
#7
Marion van der Kolk, Mark van den Boogaard, Corine Ter Brugge-Speelman, Jeroen Hol, Luc Noyez, Kees van Laarhoven, Hans van der Hoeven, Peter Pickkers
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac surgery (CS) is facilitated by multiple perioperative guidelines and protocols. Use of a clinical pathway (CP) may facilitate the care of these patients. METHODS: This is a pre-post design study in the ICU of a tertiary referral centre. A CP for CS patients in the ICU was developed by ICU-nurses and enabled them to execute proactively predefined actions in accordance with and within the preset boundaries which were part of a variance report...
December 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632750/renal-sodium-handling-and-blood-pressure-changes-in-gestational-protein-restricted-offspring-role-of-renal-nerves-and-ganglia-neurokinin-expression
#8
Augusto H Custódio, Marcelo C de Lima, Bárbara Vaccari, Patrícia A Boer, José A R Gontijo
BACKGROUND: Considering long-term changes in renal sodium handling and blood pressure in maternal protein-restricted (LP) offspring, we assumed that the development of LP hypertension results from abnormal dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurokinin expression associated with impaired responsiveness of renal sensory receptors, promoting a reduced urinary excretion of sodium. The present study investigates whether increased blood pressure in protein-restricted offspring would be associated with changes in the DRG cells and in renal pelvic wall expression of NK1R, SP and CGRP when compared to NP offspring...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520545/hemodynamic-profile-of-acute-kidney-injury-following-the-fontan-procedure-impact-of-renal-perfusion-pressure
#9
Taylor Patterson, David A Hehir, Matthew Buelow, Pippa M Simpson, Michael E Mitchell, Liyun Zhang, Mehdi Eslami, Kathleen Murkowski, John P Scott
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common following cardiopulmonary bypass. Fontan completion may result in systemic venous hypertension and low cardiac output, reducing renal perfusion pressure (RPP) and further increasing the risk of AKI. We investigated the incidence and risk factors for post-Fontan AKI. METHODS: Single-center retrospective study of children undergoing Fontan completion from 2005 to 2012. Demographic and hemodynamic variables were assessed for association with AKI...
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447076/promising-cardiovascular-and-blood-pressure-effects-of-the-sglt2-inhibitors-a-new-class-of-antidiabetic-drugs
#10
REVIEW
S G Chrysant
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibit an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. Treatment of these patients with traditional as well as newer glucose-lowering drugs has not demonstrated superiority in CV outcomes compared to placebo, despite effective control of diabetes. However, the recently FDA-approved sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors for the treatment of T2DM have demonstrated promising CV-protecting and blood pressure-lowering effects in addition to their effectiveness in glucose lowering, making them a novel class of drugs for the treatment of T2DM...
March 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376933/the-association-between-blood-pressure-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-children-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Thomas G Day, MinHae Park, Sanjay Kinra
High blood pressure is a risk factor for atherosclerosis in adults, but whether the same is true in children and young people is not known. This is important to guide management of high blood pressure in children and young people. We aimed to investigate the association in children and young people between blood pressure and carotid intima-media thickness, a non-invasive marker of atherosclerosis, through a systematic review. Studies were retrieved from MEDLINE and EMBASE. Articles were eligible for inclusion if they included at least one measurement of blood pressure and at least one measurement of ultrasound-derived carotid intima-media thickness, both measured during childhood (0-19 years), and a measure of effect size or correlation between the two measurements...
September 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324701/stress-reactivity-and-its-effects-on-subsequent-food-intake-in-depressed-and-healthy-women-with-and-without-adverse-childhood-experiences
#12
Katja Wingenfeld, Linn K Kuehl, Anita Boeker, Katharina Schultebraucks, Kristin Ritter, Julian Hellmann-Regen, Christian Otte, Carsten Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) increase the risk to develop major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity or metabolic syndrome in adulthood. In addition, ACE may be associated with an exaggerated endocrine response to stress, which, in turn, may lead to enhanced food intake resulting in obesity and metabolic problems. METHODS: We systematically examined the stress response and consecutive food intake in 32 women with MDD and ACE as determined by a clinical interview (Early Trauma Inventory), 52 women with MDD without ACE, 22 women with ACE but no current or lifetime MDD and 37 healthy women without either MDD or ACE...
June 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256212/early-infant-growth-velocity-patterns-and-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-childhood
#13
Tamara Marinkovic, Liza Toemen, Claudia J Kruithof, Irwin Reiss, Lennie van Osch-Gevers, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, Vincent W V Jaddoe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of infant growth on childhood health by examining the associations of detailed longitudinal infant weight velocity patterns with childhood cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In a population-based prospective cohort study of 4649 children, we used repeated growth measurements at age 0-3 years to derive peak weight velocity (PWV), age at adiposity peak (AGEAP), and body mass index at adiposity peak (BMIAP). At age 6 years, we measured blood pressure, left ventricular mass, and cholesterol, triglyceride, and insulin concentrations and defined children with clusters of risk factors...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139562/-the-informative-value-of-non-invasive-liver-fibrosis-markers-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
M A Livzan, V A Akhmedov, T S Krolevets, O V Gaus, N A Cherkashchenko
AIM: To estimate the diagnostic and informative value of clinical and laboratory parameters in the development and progression of liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to enhance efficiency of their treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An open-label case-control study included 77 patients with NAFLD. Clinical and laboratory examinations were done. To search for additional noninvasive fibrosis markers, the investigators studied the serum concentrations of insulin, leptin, adiponectin, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and its inhibitors, such as tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101123/regulatory-landscape-of-age-rage-oxidative-stress-axis-and-its-modulation-by-ppar%C3%AE-activation-in-high-fructose-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome
#15
Luca Cannizzaro, Giuseppe Rossoni, Federica Savi, Alessandra Altomare, Cristina Marinello, Thammakorn Saethang, Marina Carini, D Michael Payne, Trairak Pisitkun, Giancarlo Aldini, Asada Leelahavanichkul
BACKGROUND: The AGE-RAGE-oxidative stress (AROS) axis is involved in the onset and progression of metabolic syndrome induced by a high-fructose diet (HFD). PPARγ activation is known to modulate metabolic syndrome; however a systems-level investigation looking at the protective effects of PPARγ activation as related to the AROS axis has not been performed. The aim of this work is to simultaneously characterize multiple molecular parameters within the AROS axis, using samples taken from different body fluids and tissues of a rat model of HFD-induced metabolic syndrome, in the presence or absence of a PPARγ agonist, Rosiglitazone (RGZ)...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840530/the-effect-of-massage-therapy-on-children-s-learning-process-a-review
#16
Majid Emtiazy, Mahboobeh Abrishamkar
BACKGROUND: Massage therapy is the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues of the body for normalizing those tissues and consists of manual techniques that include applying fixed or movable pressure, holding, and/or causing movement of or to the body. There are more than 1500 massage training centers or schools in the United States. Several studies evaluated the effect of massage on elevating child health and to treat various disorders. METHODS: In this review, keywords related to the subject were searched in ScienceDirect, Google, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Cochrane library...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754276/ed-09-1-renal-sodium-handling-and-salt-sensitivity
#17
Richard Wainford
This lecture will provide a background on the physiology of renal sodium handling and its importance in long term blood pressure regualtion. A brief overview of the classical Guytonion Pressure-Natriuresis Hypothesis of blood pressure control will be provided. The global impact of dietary salt intake on hypertension incidence and cardiovasular health will be discussed. Addtionally, recent insights into the mechanisitc regualtion of renal sodium handling during health and the pathophysiology of salt-sensitive hypertension - including a focus on the regulation of the sodium chloride cotransport will be provided...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643273/ed-09-1-renal-sodium-handling-and-salt-sensitivity
#18
Richard Wainford
This lecture will provide a background on the physiology of renal sodium handling and its importance in long term blood pressure regualtion. A brief overview of the classical Guytonion Pressure-Natriuresis Hypothesis of blood pressure control will be provided. The global impact of dietary salt intake on hypertension incidence and cardiovasular health will be discussed. Addtionally, recent insights into the mechanisitc regualtion of renal sodium handling during health and the pathophysiology of salt-sensitive hypertension - including a focus on the regulation of the sodium chloride cotransport will be provided...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927816/pharmacodynamics-of-alacepril-in-healthy-cats
#19
Keisuke Sugimoto, Yoko Fujii, Izumi Takubo, Toshinori Shiga, Hiroshi Sunahara, Takuma Aoki, Kensuke Orito
Objectives The aims of this study were to investigate the pharmacodynamics of alacepril and to determine the appropriate dose for clinical usage in cats. Methods Six experimental cats were used. Each cat received alacepril orally at a single dose of 1 mg/kg, 2 mg/kg and 3 mg/kg. Blood samples were collected before administration and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 h after administration to measure serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity. Systolic blood pressure was also measured at the same time point...
June 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25559715/physiological-parameters-in-the-blood-of-a-murine-stress-induced-depression-model-before-and-after-repeated-passive-exercise
#20
Tae Kyung Kim, Jin Young Park, Pyung Lim Han
BACKGROUND: Animal models are necessary to study the mechanism underlying the effects of exercise on depression but an effective procedure for exercise treatment and exercise effects on physiological parameters in a specific depression model need to be characterized. METHODS: Physiological parameters including lactate, partial pressue of O₂ (pO₂) and CO₂ (pCO₂) saturated O₂ (sO₂), pH, HCO₃, total CO₂ (TCO₂), and base excess extracellular fluid (BEecf) levels in the blood were measured after treatment with passive exercise in normal mice and a stress-induced depression model...
September 2015: Endocrinology and Metabolism
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