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"cognitive aid"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334936/cognitive-aids-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neuroanesthetic-emergencies-consensus-guidelines-on-behalf-of-the-society-for-neuroscience-in-anesthesiology-and-critical-care-snacc-education-committee
#1
Amie L Hoefnagel, Shobana Rajan, Adriana Martin, Vibha Mahendra, Amanda K Knutson, Jamie L Uejima, Guy Kositratna, Mark Weller, Hui Yang, Sanchit Ahuja, Caryl Bailey, John F Bebawy
Cognitive aids and evidence-based checklists are frequently utilized in complex situations across many disciplines and sectors. The purpose of such aids is not simply to provide instruction so as to fulfill a task, but rather to ensure that all contingencies related to the emergency are considered and accounted for and that the task at hand is completed fully, despite possible distractions. Furthermore, utilization of a checklist enhances communication to all team members by allowing all stakeholders to know and understand exactly what is occurring, what has been accomplished, and what remains to be done...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305153/cognitive-aids-for-people-with-early-stage-dementia-versus-treatment-as-usual-dementia-early-stage-cognitive-aids-new-trial-descant-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Helen Chester, Paul Clarkson, Linda Davies, Jane Hughes, Muhammad Saiful Islam, Narinder Kapur, Martin Orrell, Julie Peconi, Rosa Pitts, Fiona Poland, Ian Russell, David Challis
BACKGROUND: There is a growing need for an evidence-based approach to home support for people with dementia and their carers following diagnosis but research on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different approaches is sparse. The Dementia Early Stage Cognitive Aids New Trial (DESCANT) will evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a range of memory aids, training and support to people with mild to moderate dementia and their carers at home and compares that intervention with treatment as usual...
October 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109598/improving-communication-teamwork-and-action-during-a-cannot-intubate-cannot-oxygenate-cico-emergency-employing-cico-as-a-cognitive-aid-mnemonic
#3
EDITORIAL
Laura V Duggan, Peter G Brindley, J Adam Law
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071967/use-of-an-emergency-manual-during-an-intraoperative-cardiac-arrest-by-an-interprofessional-team-a-positive-exemplar-case-study-of-a-new-patient-safety-tool
#4
Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, David M Gaba, Aalok V Agarwala, Jeffrey B Cooper, Andrea L Nevedal, Steven M Asch, Steven K Howard, Sara N Goldhaber-Fiebert
BACKGROUND: An emergency manual (EM) is a set of evidence-based crisis checklists, or cognitive aids, that can improve team performance. EMs are used in other safety-critical industries, and health care simulation studies have shown their efficacy, but use in clinical settings is nascent. A case study was conducted on the use of an EM during one intraoperative crisis, which entailed the assessment of the impact of the EM's use on teamwork and patient care and the identification of lessons for effectively using EMs during future clinical crises...
August 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037388/the-vortex-model-a-different-approach-to-the-difficult-airway
#5
P Charco-Mora, R Urtubia, L Reviriego-Agudo
Airway management is an essential area in anaesthesia, and anaesthesiologists are considered the most expert professionals to manage airway tasks. However, complications related to inadequate airway management remain the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality. Algorithmic strategy to solve difficulties fails, due to several factors related to its structure and clinical application. The Vortex Approach has emerged as a response to the limitations found in the algorithmic strategy of managing the difficult airway, by using a cognitive aid strategy to reduce cognitive load and fixation error...
August 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974459/implementation-of-a-new-strategy-to-improve-the-peri-operative-management-of-neuromuscular-blockade-and-its-effects-on-postoperative-pulmonary-complications
#6
M I Rudolph, H V Chitilian, P Y Ng, F P Timm, A V Agarwala, A B Doney, S K Ramachandran, T T Houle, M Eikermann
Inappropriate dosing of neostigmine for antagonism of neuromuscular blockade has been associated with postoperative pulmonary complications. We evaluated the effects of a quality improvement initiative tailored to optimise the use of neostigmine in antagonising neuromuscular blockade on postoperative pulmonary complications, costs and duration of hospital stay. The quality improvement initiative consisted of: a reduction in available neostigmine aliquot sizes; a cognitive aid; an educational component; and a financial incentive for the intra-operative documentation of train-of-four measurement before administration of neostigmine...
September 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958214/emergency-manual-implementation-in-a-large-academic-anesthesia-practice-strategy-and-improvement-in-performance-on-critical-steps
#7
Stephen J Gleich, Amy C S Pearson, Kevin C Lindeen, Ryan E Hofer, George D Gilkey, Luann F Borst, Dawit T Haile, David P Martin
BACKGROUND: The use of cognitive aids, such as emergency manuals (EMs), improves team performance on critical steps during crisis events. In our large academic anesthesia practice, we sought to broadly implement an EM and subsequently evaluate team member performance on critical steps. METHODS: We observed the phases of implementing an EM at a large academic anesthesia practice from 2013 to 2016, including the formation of the EM implementation team, identification of preferred EM characteristics, consideration of institution-specific factors, selection of the preferred EM, recognition of logistical barriers, and staff education...
June 28, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804116/when-helping-babies-breathe-is-not-enough-designing-a-novel-mid-level-neonatal-resuscitation-algorithm-for-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-field-teams-working-in-low-resource-hospital-settings
#8
Lisa Umphrey, Morten Breindahl, Alexandra Brown, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Marta Thio, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehr, Mats Blennow
BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation (NR) combines a set of life-saving interventions in order to stabilize compromised newborns at birth or when critically ill. Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), as an international medical-humanitarian organization working particularly in low-resource settings (LRS), assisted over 250,000 births in obstetric and newborn care aid projects in 2016 and provides thousands of newborn resuscitations annually. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) program has been used as formal guidance for basic resuscitation since 2012...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760370/using-eye-tracking-technology-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-malignant-hyperthermia-cognitive-aid-design
#9
Roderick King, Jaber Hanhan, T Kyle Harrison, Alex Kou, Steven K Howard, Lindsay K Borg, Cynthia Shum, Ankeet D Udani, Edward R Mariano
BACKGROUND: Malignant hyperthermia is a rare but potentially fatal complication of anesthesia, and several different cognitive aids designed to facilitate a timely and accurate response to this crisis currently exist. Eye tracking technology can measure voluntary and involuntary eye movements, gaze fixation within an area of interest, and speed of visual response and has been used to a limited extent in anesthesiology. METHODS: With eye tracking technology, we compared the accessibility of five malignant hyperthermia cognitive aids by collecting gaze data from twelve volunteer participants...
August 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661059/the-smartphone-in-the-memory-clinic-a-study-of-patient-and-care-partner-s-utilisation-habits
#10
Jared F Benge, Kara L Dinh, Erin Logue, Richard Phenis, Michelle N Dasse, Michael K Scullin
Smartphones have potential as cognitive aids for adults with cognitive impairments. However, little is known about how patients and their care partners utilise smartphones in their day-to-day lives. We collected self-reported smartphone utilisation data from patients referred for neuropsychological evaluations (N = 53), their care partners (N = 44), and an Amazon Mechanical Turk control sample (N = 204). Patient participants were less likely to own a smartphone than controls, with increasing age associated with less utilisation of smartphone features in all groups...
April 16, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622312/oral-surgery-patient-safety-concepts-in-anesthesia
#11
REVIEW
Richard C Robert, Chirag M Patel
An effective office emergency preparedness plan for the oral and maxillofacial surgery office can be developed through the use of well-designed checklists, cognitive aids, and regularly scheduled in situ simulations with debriefings. In order to achieve this goal, the hierarchal culture of medicine and dentistry must be overcome, and an inclusive team concept embraced by all members of the staff. Technologic advancements in office automation now make it possible to create interactive cognitive aids. These enhance office emergency training and provide a means for more rapid retrieval of essential information and guidance during both simulations and a real crisis...
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580243/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-cognitive-aids-in-operating-room-crises-a-cross-sectional-study-of-us-hospitals-and-ambulatory-surgical-centers
#12
Shehnaz Alidina, Sara N Goldhaber-Fiebert, Alexander A Hannenberg, David L Hepner, Sara J Singer, Bridget A Neville, James R Sachetta, Stuart R Lipsitz, William R Berry
BACKGROUND: Operating room (OR) crises are high-acuity events requiring rapid, coordinated management. Medical judgment and decision-making can be compromised in stressful situations, and clinicians may not experience a crisis for many years. A cognitive aid (e.g., checklist) for the most common types of crises in the OR may improve management during unexpected and rare events. While implementation strategies for innovations such as cognitive aids for routine use are becoming better understood, cognitive aids that are rarely used are not yet well understood...
March 26, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552425/clinician-driven-design-of-vitalpad-an-intelligent-monitoring-and-communication-device-to-improve-patient-safety-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
Luisa Flohr, Shaylene Beaudry, K Taneille Johnson, Nicholas West, Catherine M Burns, J Mark Ansermino, Guy A Dumont, David Wensley, Peter Skippen, Matthias Gorges
The pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) is a complex environment, in which a multidisciplinary team of clinicians (registered nurses, respiratory therapists, and physicians) continually observe and evaluate patient information. Data are provided by multiple, and often physically separated sources, cognitive workload is high, and team communication can be challenging. Our aim is to combine information from multiple monitoring and therapeutic devices in a mobile application, the VitalPAD , to improve the efficiency of clinical decision-making, communication, and thereby patient safety...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514852/focused-training-for-the-handover-of-critical-patient-information-during-simulated-pediatric-emergencies
#14
Andrew J Lautz, Kelly C Martin, Akira Nishisaki, Christopher P Bonafide, Roberta L Hales, Elizabeth A Hunt, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert M Sutton, Donald L Boyer
OBJECTIVES: Miscommunication has been implicated as a leading cause of medical errors, and standardized handover programs have been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, the role of structured handovers in pediatric emergencies remains unclear. We sought to determine if training with an airway, breathing, circulation, situation, background, assessment, recommendation handover tool could improve the transmission of essential patient information during multidisciplinary simulations of critically ill children...
April 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493552/pediatric-trauma-transfusion-and-cognitive-aids
#15
REVIEW
Anna Clebone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Trauma is the most common cause of pediatric mortality. Much of the research that led to life-saving interventions in adults, however, has not been replicated in the pediatric population. Children have important physiologic and anatomic differences from adults, which impact hemostasis and transfusion. Hemorrhage is a leading cause of death in trauma, and children have important differences in their coagulation profiles. Transfusion strategies, including the massive transfusion protocol and use of antifibrinolytics, are still controversial...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489608/the-impact-of-a-displayed-checklist-on-simulated-pediatric-trauma-resuscitations
#16
Erin Hulfish, Maria Carmen G Diaz, Megan Feick, Catherine Messina, Glenn Stryjewski
BACKGROUND: Advanced Trauma Life Support resuscitation follows a strict protocolized approach to the initial trauma evaluation. Despite this structure, elements of the primary and secondary assessments can still be omitted. The aim of this study is to determine if a cognitive aid checklist reduces omissions and speeds the time to assessment completion. We additionally investigated if a displayed checklist improved performance further. METHODS: A series of 131 simulated trauma resuscitations were performed...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425601/handovers-in-perioperative-care
#17
REVIEW
Atilio Barbeito, Aalok V Agarwala, Amanda Lorinc
Handovers around the time of surgery are common, yet complex and error prone. Interventions aimed at improving handovers have shown increased provider satisfaction and teamwork, improved efficiency, and improved communication and have been shown to reduce errors and improve clinical outcomes in some studies. Common recommendations in the literature include a standardized institutional process that allows flexibility among different units and settings, the completion of urgent tasks before information transfer, the presence of all members of the team for the duration of the handover, a structured conversation that uses a cognitive aid, and education in team skills and communication...
March 2018: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401183/cognitive-aids-do-not-prompt-initiation-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-simulated-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-arrests
#18
Kristen Nelson McMillan, Michael A Rosen, Nicole A Shilkofski, Jamie Haggerty Bradshaw, Mary Saliski, Elizabeth A Hunt
INTRODUCTION: Although American Heart Association guidelines exist for proper management of cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be of poor quality and is not performed in all indicated situations. Cognitive aids have been created to assist in rapid, accurate recall of guidelines for pediatric CPA management. METHODS: Pediatric residents participated in individual mock codes for two years. Using a high-fidelity simulator, each resident participated in a standardized scenario that required management of both pulseless ventricular tachycardia and pulseless electrical activity...
February 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362161/checklists-and-cognitive-aids-in-simulation-training-and-daily-critical-care-practice-simple-tools-to-improve-medical-performance-and-patient-outcome
#19
EDITORIAL
Thomas Geeraerts, Morgan Le Guen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350084/exploring-assistive-technology-use-to-support-cognition-in-college-students-with-histories-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Jessica Brown, Madeline Wollersheim
PURPOSE: College students with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may experience chronic cognitive deficits necessitating use of external supports for daily task completion. The purpose of this study was to explore cognitive support system selection and use by students with histories of mTBI when completing novel prospective memory tasks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We implemented a multiple case study, sequential explanatory mixed-methods design with three participants...
January 19, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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