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Resistance training low back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276019/comparison-of-bilateral-and-unilateral-squat-exercises-on-barbell-kinematics-and-muscle-activation
#1
Wiliam Eliassen, Atle Hole Saeterbakken, Roland van den Tillaar
Purpose/Background: Bilateral squats are commonly used in lower body strength training programs, while unilateral squats are mainly used as additional or rehabilitative exercises. Little has been reported regarding the kinetics, kinematics and muscle activation in unilateral squats in comparison to bilateral squats. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare muscle activity, kinetics, and barbell kinematics between unilateral and bilateral squats with the same external load per leg in experienced resistance-trained participants...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889056/aerobic-vs-resistance-exercise-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Michael A Wewege, John Booth, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis compared progressive aerobic training (PAT) to progressive resistance training (PRT) for pain, disability and quality of life (QoL) in people with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP). METHODS: Five electronic databases were systematically searched up to 1 March 2016. Randomised controlled trials included land-based PAT, PRT or combined PRT and PAT, versus usual care for CNSLBP. Exercise interventions were supervised a minimum of once per week and performed ⩾ 2 days/week for ⩾ 6 weeks...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740641/resistance-training-in-addition-to-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-the-low-back-study-protocol
#3
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ida Reitan Berthelsen, Janne-Birgitte Bloch Børke, Gro Falkener Berheussen, Anne Therese Tveter, Øyvind Salvesen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Introduction: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem worldwide. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation and exercise is recommended for the management of chronic LBP. However, there is a need to investigate effective exercise interventions that is available in clinics and as home-based training on a large scale. This article presents the design and rationale of the first randomized clinical trial investigating the effects of progressive resistance training with elastic bands in addition to multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with moderate to severe chronic LBP...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603805/resistance-band-training-or-general-exercise-in-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-low-back-pain-a-randomized-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
V M Iversen, O Vasseljen, P J Mork, S Gismervik, G F Bertheussen, Ø Salvesen, M S Fimland
Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation has been recommended for chronic low back pain (LBP), including physical exercise. However, which exercise modality that is most advantageous in multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation is unclear. In this study, we investigated whether multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation could be more effective in reducing pain-related disability when general physical exercise was replaced by strength training in the form of progressive resistance training using elastic resistance bands...
September 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526840/feasibility-of-high-intensity-training-in-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-trial
#5
Jonas Verbrugghe, Anouk Agten, Bert O Eijnde, Enzo Olivieri, Xavier Huybrechts, Henk Seelen, Frank Vandenabeele, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Although low to moderate intensity exercise therapy is a predominant part of rehabilitation in nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP), effect sizes are small and optimal exercise modalities/intensities are unclear. Conversely, effects of high intensity training have not yet been investigated in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of high intensity training (HIT) and to explore the magnitude of the effects of a HIT program on exercise capacity and disease related outcome measures compared to conventional therapy for persons with NSCLBP...
2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394188/effects-of-resistance-training-on-fatigue-related-domains-of-quality-of-life-and-mood-during-pregnancy-a-randomized-trial-in-pregnant-women-with-increased-risk-of-back-pain
#6
Patrick J OʼConnor, Mélanie S Poudevigne, Kristen E Johnson, Juliana Brito de Araujo, Christie L Ward-Ritacco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test whether the adoption of twice weekly, low-to-moderate intensity resistance training during weeks 22 to 34 of pregnancy can improve quality of life and mood. METHODS: A parallel-group trial was conducted. Women in their second trimester (N = 134) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of wait list, bimonthly pregnancy education classes, or twice weekly low-to-moderate intensity resistance training. Resistance training involved one abdominal exercise with no external load and five exercises (leg extension, leg press, arm lat pull, leg curl, and lumbar extension) with an external load that gradually progressed, and the total active exercise time during each exercise session was approximately 17 minutes...
April 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324082/sensory-dissociation-in-chronic-low-back-pain-two-case-reports
#7
Wacław M Adamczyk, Kerstin Luedtke, Oskar Saulicz, Edward Saulicz
Patients with chronic low back pain often report that they do not perceive their painful back accurately. Previous studies confirmed that sensory dissociation and/or discrepancy between perceived body image and actual size is one of the specific traits of patients with chronic pain. Current approaches for measuring sensory dissociation are limited to two-point-discrimination or rely on pain drawings not allowing for quantitative analysis. This case study reports the sensory dissociation of two cases with chronic low back pain using a recently published test (point-to-point-test (PTP)) and a newly developed test (two-point-estimation (TPE))...
August 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156985/isolated-lumbar-extension-resistance-training-improves-strength-pain-and-disability-but-not-spinal-height-or-shrinkage-creep-in-participants-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
James Steele, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith, David Jessop, Neil Osborne
OBJECTIVE: Loss of disc height is commonly associated with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) exercise for the lumbar extensors is recommended to treat CLBP and is suggested such exercise might promote disc healing and regeneration. This study examined a 12-week ILEX intervention on indirect determination of disc height and shrinkage through seated stadiometry, strength, pain, and disability. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental wait-list controlled design was used...
February 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035297/variability-in-strength-pain-and-disability-changes-in-response-to-an-isolated-lumbar-extension-resistance-training-intervention-in-participants-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
James Steele, James Fisher, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith, Neil Osborne, Dave Newell
Strengthening the lumbar extensor musculature is a common recommendation for chronic low back pain (CLBP). Although reported as effective, variability in response in CLBP populations is not well investigated. This study investigated variability in responsiveness to isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) resistance training in CLBP participants by retrospective analysis of three previous randomized controlled trials. Data from 77 participants were available for the intervention arms (males = 43, females = 34) 37 participants data (males = 20, females = 17) from the control arms...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826168/effects-of-functional-resistance-training-on-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-females-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Pablo Tercedor Sánchez, Ivan Chulvi-Medrano, Juan Tortosa-Martínez, Carmen Manchado-López, Salvador Llana-Belloch, Pedro Pérez-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Exercise is important as adjuvant in the chronic low back pain (CLBP) treatment. Functional training could involve benefits for low back pain (LBP) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 12-week period of functional resistance training on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability, body pain, and physical fitness in CLBP females. METHODS: Nineteen females CLBP were recruited according to Paris Task Force on Back Pain criteria...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088887/-improvement-of-lumbal-motor-control-and-trunkmuscle-conditions-with-a-novel-low-back-pain-prevention-exercise-program
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Viktória Kovácsné Bobály, Brigitta Szilágyi, Alexandra Makai, Ákos Koller, Melinda Járomi
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers often suffer from low back pain. AIM: Low back pain can be reduced by strengthening the core muscles with the help of a special exercise program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study 62 ballet dancer women (average age: 14.89 ± 1.21 years) were included. Intervention group: n = 30 participant, average age: 14.86 ± 1.00 years, control group: n = 32 participant, average age: 14.91 ± 1.37 years. We examined the pain intensity that occurs during training with visual analog scale, the habitual posture with photogrammetry, the abdominal muscle strength with Kraus-Weber test, the static muscle strength of the trunk muscles with core test and the lumbar motor control with leg lowering test...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900136/the-effects-of-a-free-weight-based-resistance-training-intervention-on-pain-squat-biomechanics-and-mri-defined-lumbar-fat-infiltration-and-functional-cross-sectional-area-in-those-with-chronic-low-back
#13
Neil Welch, Kieran Moran, Joseph Antony, Chris Richter, Brendan Marshall, Joe Coyle, Eanna Falvey, Andrew Franklyn-Miller
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions in the world. Many exercise treatment options exist but few interventions have utilised free-weight resistance training. To investigate the effects of a free-weight-based resistance training intervention on pain and lumbar fat infiltration in those with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Thirty participants entered the study, 11 females (age=39.6±12.4 years, height=164 cm±5.3 cm, body mass=70...
2015: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849497/effect-of-lumbar-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-lumbar-muscular-strength-and-core-muscular-endurance-in-soldiers
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John M Mayer, John D Childs, Brett D Neilson, Henian Chen, Shane L Koppenhaver, William S Quillen
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain is common, costly, and disabling for active duty military personnel and veterans. The evidence is unclear on which management approaches are most effective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of lumbar extensor high-intensity progressive resistance exercise (HIPRE) training versus control on improving lumbar extension muscular strength and core muscular endurance in soldiers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with active duty U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914266/resistance-training-as-a-tool-for-preventing-and-treating-musculoskeletal-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, José Messias Rodrigues-da-Silva
The aging process is characterized by several physiological, morphological, and psychological alterations that result in a decreased functional and health status throughout the life span. Among these alterations, the loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia) is receiving increased attention because of its association with innumerous age-related disorders, including (but not limited to) osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, low back pain, risk of fall, and disability. Regular participation in resistance training programs can minimize the musculoskeletal alterations that occur during aging, and may contribute to the health and well-being of the older population...
September 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26867541/effectiveness-of-blood-flow-restricted-exercise-compared-with-standard-exercise-in-patients-with-recurrent-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shinichi Amano, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Rachel Clift, Masato Nakazawa, Timothy D Law, Laura J Rush, Todd M Manini, James S Thomas, David W Russ, Brian C Clark
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a highly prevalent condition in the United States and has a staggeringly negative impact on society in terms of expenses and disability. It has previously been suggested that rehabilitation strategies for persons with recurrent low back pain should be directed to the medial back muscles as these muscles provide functional support of the lumbar region. However, many individuals with low back pain cannot safely and effectively induce trunk muscle adaptation using traditional high-load resistance exercise, and no viable low-load protocols to induce trunk extensor muscle adaptation exist...
February 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844095/the-use-of-periodization-in-exercise-prescriptions-for-inactive-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Kelley Strohacker, Daniel Fazzino, Whitney L Breslin, Xiaomeng Xu
BACKGROUND: Periodization of exercise is a method typically used in sports training, but the impact of periodized exercise on health outcomes in untrained adults is unclear. PURPOSE: This review aims to summarize existing research wherein aerobic or resistance exercise was prescribed to inactive adults using a recognized periodization method. METHODS: A search of relevant databases, conducted between January and February of 2014, yielded 21 studies published between 2000 and 2013 that assessed the impact of periodized exercise on health outcomes in untrained participants...
2015: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762185/the-effects-of-an-8-week-stabilization-exercise-program-on-lumbar-movement-sense-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#18
Jean-Alexandre Boucher, Richard Preuss, Sharon M Henry, Jean-Pierre Dumas, Christian Larivière
BACKGROUND: Lumbar stabilization exercises have gained popularity and credibility in patients with non-acute low back pain. Previous research provides more support to strength/resistance and coordination/stabilisation programs. Some authors also suggest adding strength/resistance training following motor control exercises. However, the effect of such a lumbar stabilization program on lumbar proprioception has never been tested so far. The present study investigated the effects of an 8-week stabilization exercise program on lumbar proprioception in patients with low back pain (LBP) and assessed the 8-week test-retest reliability of lumbar proprioception in control subjects...
January 14, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26410068/health-benefits-of-seated-speed-resistance-and-power-training-for-an-individual-with-spastic-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#19
Mary E Gannotti, Robyn Kimberly Fuchs, Dawn E Roberts, Nedda Hobbs, Ian M Cannon
Children with moderate to severe cerebral palsy are at risk for low bone mass for chronological age, which compounds risk in adulthood for progressive deformity and chronic pain. Physical activity and exercise can be a key component to optimizing bone health. In this case report we present a young adult male with non-ambulatory, spastic quadriplegia CP whom began a seated speed, resistance, and power training exercise program at age 14.5 years. Exercise program continued into adulthood as part of an active lifestyle...
2015: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366062/efficacy-of-a-trunk-orthosis-with-joints-providing-resistive-force-on-low-back-load-in-elderly-persons-during-static-standing
#20
Junji Katsuhira, Ko Matsudaira, Tadashi Yasui, Shinno Iijima, Akihiro Ito
PURPOSE: Postural alignment of elderly people becomes poor due to aging, possibly leading to low-back pain and spinal deformity. Although there are several interventions for treating these conditions, no previous study has reported the effectiveness of a spinal orthosis or lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) in healthy elderly people without specific spinal deformity. We therefore developed a trunk orthosis to decrease low-back muscle activity while training good postural alignment through resistive force provided by joints with springs (here, called the ORF, which stands for orthosis with joints providing resistive force) as a preventive method against abnormal posture and low-back pain in healthy elderly persons...
2015: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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