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Rebecca L Stephens, Benjamin Langworthy, Sarah J Short, Barbara D Goldman, Jessica B Girault, Jason P Fine, J Steven Reznick, John H Gilmore
The study of executive function (EF) has become increasingly popular in multiple areas of research. A wealth of evidence has supported the value of EF in shaping notable outcomes across typical and atypical development; however, little evidence has supported the cognitive contributors to early EF development. The current study used data from a large longitudinal sample of healthy children to investigate the differential influence of verbal and nonverbal cognition on later EF. Participants were assessed at 2 years of age using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, and Mullen scores were used to calculate nonverbal and verbal developmental quotients...
2018: Journal of Cognition and Development: Official Journal of the Cognitive Development Society
Crystal S Denlinger, Tara Sanft, K Scott Baker, Gregory Broderick, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Debra L Friedman, Mindy Goldman, Melissa Hudson, Nazanin Khakpour, Allison King, Divya Koura, Robin M Lally, Terry S Langbaum, Allison L McDonough, Michelle Melisko, Jose G Montoya, Kathi Mooney, Javid J Moslehi, Tracey O'Connor, Linda Overholser, Electra D Paskett, Jeffrey Peppercorn, William Pirl, M Alma Rodriguez, Kathryn J Ruddy, Paula Silverman, Sophia Smith, Karen L Syrjala, Amye Tevaarwerk, Susan G Urba, Mark T Wakabayashi, Phyllis Zee, Nicole R McMillian, Deborah A Freedman-Cass
The NCCN Guidelines for Survivorship provide screening, evaluation, and treatment recommendations for common physical and psychosocial consequences of cancer and cancer treatment to help healthcare professionals who work with survivors of adult-onset cancer in the posttreatment period. This portion of the guidelines describes recommendations regarding the management of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity and lymphedema. In addition, recommendations regarding immunizations and the prevention of infections in cancer survivors are included...
October 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
S Goldman, E El Darazi, C Mathey, R Muteganya
First clinical indications of positron emission tomography (PET) were in the fields of neurology and cardiology, but oncology is the domain in which PET got its recognition as an essential diagnostic tool. Its fast diffusion as an imaging method for diagnosis and follow-up of cancer has been facilitated by the existence of a single tracer for all kinds of oncological PET explorations. Nowadays, this tracer, fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), is so largely distributed that non oncological PET indications have emerged...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
James C Stegen, Amy E Goldman
The Worldwide Hydrobiogeochemistry Observation Network for Dynamic River Systems (WHONDRS) aims to galvanize a global community to provide the scientific basis for improved management of dynamic river corridors. WHONDRS is a global research consortium working to understand connections among dynamic hydrology, biogeochemistry, and microbiology in river corridors from local to global scales. WHONDRS ascribes to the perspective that resources, knowledge, and data belong to the community as a whole and that science advances more rapidly and more robustly through community ownership...
September 2018: MSystems
Carlos Santos-Burgoa, John Sandberg, Erick Suárez, Ann Goldman-Hawes, Scott Zeger, Alejandra Garcia-Meza, Cynthia M Pérez, Noel Estrada-Merly, Uriyoan Colón-Ramos, Cruz María Nazario, Elizabeth Andrade, Amira Roess, Lynn Goldman
BACKGROUND: Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico on Sept 20, 2017, devastating the island. Controversy surrounded the official death toll, fuelled by estimates of excess mortality from academics and investigative journalists. We analysed all-cause excess mortality following the storm. METHODS: We did a time-series analysis in Puerto Rico from September, 2017, to February, 2018. Mortality data were from the Puerto Rico Vital Statistics System. We developed two counterfactual scenarios to establish the population at risk...
October 11, 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
Andrew P Salzwedel, Rebecca L Stephens, Barbara D Goldman, Weili Lin, John H Gilmore, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: The amygdala represents a core node in the human brain's emotional signal processing circuitry. Given its critical role, both the typical and atypical functional connectivity patterns of the amygdala have been extensively studied in adults. However, the development of amygdala functional connectivity during infancy is less well studied; thus, our understanding of the normal growth trajectory of key emotion-related brain circuits during a critical period is limited. METHODS: In this study, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (N = 233 subjects with 334 datasets) to delineate the spatiotemporal dynamics of amygdala functional connectivity development during the first 2 years of life...
August 30, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Najeeb Alqarni, Ran D Goldman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Najeeb Alqarni, Ran D Goldman
Question A 2-year-old boy presented to my office 2 days after he started limping. The history, physical examination, and radiology assessment revealed a toddler's fracture (TF). I understand that there is considerable variation in practice regarding management of TF. What is the best method to confirm the diagnosis? What method should be used to immobilize the affected limb and for how long? Is follow-up with a pediatric orthopedic surgeon needed? Answer Toddler's fracture, also called childhood accidental spiral tibial fracture or CAST fracture , is a fracture unique to ambulatory infants and young children...
October 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Qianyi Xu, Jinyu Xue, Gregory Kubicek, David Mulvihill, Steven Oh, Warren Goldman, Alan Turtz, Leonard Kim
Purpose In the current Gamma Knife (GK) planning system (GammaPlan, version 10.2, Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden), multiple adjacent brain metastasis (BMs) had to be planned sequentially if BMs were drawn separately, leading to less conformal target dose in the composite plan due to inter-target dose contribution and fine-tuning of the shots being quite tedious. We proposed a method to improve target dose conformality and planning efficiency for such cases. Methods and Materials Fifteen patients with multiple BMs treated on the Leksell GK Perfexion system were retrospectively replanned in the Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved study...
July 27, 2018: Curēus
Sebabrata Mukherjee, Harikumar K Chandrasekharan, Patrik Öhberg, Nathan Goldman, Robert R Thomson
Photonic lattices-arrays of optical waveguides-are powerful platforms for simulating a range of phenomena, including topological phases. While probing dynamics is possible in these systems, by reinterpreting the propagation direction as time, accessing long timescales constitutes a severe experimental challenge. Here, we overcome this limitation by placing the photonic lattice in a cavity, which allows the optical state to evolve through the lattice multiple times. The accompanying detection method, which exploits a multi-pixel single-photon detector array, offers quasi-real time-resolved measurements after each round trip...
October 11, 2018: Nature Communications
María Isabel Gómez-Núñez, María Soledad Torregrosa, Cándido J Inglés, Nelly G Lagos San Martín, Ricardo Sanmartín, María Vicent, José Manuel García-Fernández
The purpose of this study is to adapt the Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS-24; Fernández-Berrocal, Extremera, & Ramos, 2004 , Spanish short version of the TMMS, Salovey, Mayer, Goldman, Turvey, & Palfai, 1995 ) to the Chilean adolescent population (13-17 years), analyzing the psychometric properties of the instrument through confirmatory factor analyses, factor invariance analysis, and latent mean differences. For this purpose, a sample of 3,255 secondary and high school students, between 12 and 18 years old (M = 15...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Samantha K Holden, Luis D Medina, Brian Hoyt, Stefan H Sillau, Brian D Berman, Jennifer G Goldman, Daniel Weintraub, Benzi M Kluger
BACKGROUND: Outcome measures that capture functional abilities related to cognition offer the potential to demonstrate real-world effectiveness of cognitive-enhancing treatments. However, distinguishing functional disability related to cognition from that attributed to motor symptoms can be difficult in PD. A performance-based functional assessment allows for direct observation of activity of daily living skills and separation of cognitive from motoric disabilities. OBJECTIVES: Validate the University of California San Diego Performance-Based Skills Assessment in PD...
October 10, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Julia Goldman-Hasbun, Ekaterina Nosova, Kora DeBeck, Lucia Dahlby, Thomas Kerr
OBJECTIVE: Food insufficiency, defined by the experience of hunger, is known to be prevalent and a source of health-related harm among-street involved youth, but little is known about its relationship with depression in this population. Therefore, we sought to assess the association between food insufficiency and symptoms of depression among a cohort of street-involved youth. DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between food insufficiency, defined as being hungry but not having enough money to buy food, and depression as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale...
October 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
J Downar, P Moorhouse, R Goldman, D Grossman, S Sinha, T Sussman, S Kaasalainen, S MacDonald, A Moser, J J You
We present five Key Concepts that describe priorities for improving end-of-life care for frail older adults in Canada, and recommendations based on each Key Concept. Key Concept #1: Our end-of-life care system is focused on cancer, not frailty. Key Concept #2: We need better strategies to systematically identify frail older adults who would benefit from a palliative approach. Key Concept #3: The majority of palliative and end-of-life care will be, and should be, provided by clinicians who are not palliative care specialists...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
Omneya Abdalrahman, Alejandra E Rodriguez, Jorge L Alio Del Barrio, Jorge L Alio
PURPOSE: To report a new approach for the treatment of severe ocular hypotony secondary to glaucoma filtering surgery with mitomycin C by injecting autologous eye platelet-rich plasma (E-PRP) in the anterior chamber to block excessive diffuse filtration through an abnormally thinned sclera. METHODS: A 49-year-old patient with the Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome and severe chronic hypotony and corneal edema following filtering glaucoma surgery with mitomycin C received an isolated injection of 0...
October 7, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Kevin J Land, Mary Townsend, Mindy Goldman, Barbee I Whitaker, Gabriela E Perez, Jo C Wiersum-Osselton
BACKGROUND: In December 2014, a multinational collaboration of hemovigilance experts from the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT), the International Hemovigilance Network, and AABB published harmonized definitions of complications related to blood donation titled "Standard for Surveillance of Complications Related to Blood Donation." Both mandatory and optional terms were included. The definitions are endorsed by the Alliance of Blood Operators and the European Blood Alliance...
October 8, 2018: Transfusion
Alberto Goldman, Uwe Wollina
The lips are essential part of the beauty and attractiveness of the human face. Lip augmentation has become an increasingly used method to improve appearance. Soft tissue fillers are the most commonly used tools. Permanent fillers, however, have been associated with unwanted side effects after lip augmentation. In the present paper we will focus on permanent fillers based on polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). We provide a short review on PMMA fillers and known associated adverse events. We provide a critical review of treatment options...
October 4, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
Masoom Raza, Peeyush Prasad, Pragya Gupta, Naveen Kumar, Taruna Sharma, Mandeep Rana, Aaron Goldman, Seema Sehrawat
Brain metastasis is one of the leading causes of death among cancer patients. Cancer cells migrate to various sites and harbor different niche in the body which help cancer cells in their survival. The brain is one of the safest place where cancer cells are protected from immune cells. Breast, lung, and melanoma cancer cells have high propensity to migrate towards the brain. To enter the brain, cancer cells have to cross the blood brain barrier. Survival and finding new niche in the brain are directed by several mechanisms in which different cellular players take part such as astrocytes, microglia, Schwann cells, satellite cells, oligodendrocytes, and ependymal cells...
October 4, 2018: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Karen Mancera-Cuevas, Patricia Canessa, Joan S Chmiel, Elizabeth A Hahn, Anh H Chung, Daniel L Erickson, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman
Purpose: The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Popular Opinion Leader (POL) model was implemented in a lupus education program (MONARCAS) for the Latino community. The program aim was to increase lupus awareness by training high school students, community health workers, and parents. Methods: A curriculum was developed training POLs to disseminate concepts about lupus signs and symptoms. Pre- and post-program questions assessed lupus knowledge and message dissemination. Results: POL groups represented distinct demographic characteristics with Spanish or English language dominance...
2018: Health Equity
Colin S Maxwell, Victoria E Sepulveda, David A Turissini, William E Goldman, Daniel R Matute
Hybridization between species of pathogens has the potential to speed evolution of virulence by providing the raw material for adaptation through introgression or by assembling new combinations of virulence traits. Fungal diseases are a source high morbidity, and remain difficult to treat. Yet the frequency of hybridization between fungal species has rarely been explored, and the functional role of introgressed alleles remains largely unknown. Histoplasma mississippiense and H. ohiense are sympatric throughout their range in North America and have distinct virulence strategies, making them an ideal system to examine the role introgression may play in fungal pathogens...
June 2018: Evolution Letters
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