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intra-arterial chemotherapy

Su Ho Kim, Jung Suk Oh, Ho Jong Chun, Byung Gil Choi, Hae Giu Lee
PURPOSE: To compare the feasibility and safety of mono-port catheter system and dual-port catheter system for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with anatomic hepatic artery variation and portal vein tumor thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of 22 patients with infiltrative or multiple HCC with unilateral or bilateral portal vein thrombosis who had hepatic artery variation. A mono-port or dual-port catheter system was determined according to the degree of blood supply to the entire tumor through the common hepatic and variant hepatic arteries...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Hiromasa Endo, Kanako Takayama, Kenji Mitsudo, Tatsuya Nakamura, Ichiro Seto, Hisashi Yamaguchi, Takashi Ono, Motohisa Suzuki, Yusuke Azami, Hitoshi Wada, Masao Murakami, Iwai Tohnai
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect and toxicity of proton beam therapy in combination with intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary gingiva. Between December 2010 and March 2016, 30 patients with T4 squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary gingiva were treated with radiotherapy and retrograde intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy using cisplatin (20⁻40 mg/m², 4⁻6 times). Radiotherapy was basically administered using boost proton beam therapy for primary tumor and neck lymph node tumors, following 36⁻40 Gy photon radiation therapy delivered to the prophylactic area, to a total dose of 70...
September 15, 2018: Cancers
Zachary K Goldsmith, William Coppess, Andrew S Irvine, Kelley Yuan, Samuel R Barsh, Madison K Ritter, Matthew W McEwen, Jacqueline Flores-Otero, Aileen Garcia-Vargas, Magaly Martinez-Ferrer, Rachel C Brennan, Vanessa M Morales-Tirado, Matthew W Wilson
Purpose: Vitreous seeding remains the primary reason for treatment failure in eyes with retinoblastoma (Rb). Systemic and intra-arterial chemotherapy, each with its own inherent set of complications, have improved salvage rates for eyes with advanced disease, but the location and biology of vitreous seeds present a fundamental challenge in developing treatments with minimal toxicity and risk. The aim of this study was to target the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)- PDGF-receptor β (PDGFRβ) signaling pathway and investigate its role in the growth of Rb seeds, apoptotic activity, and invasive potential...
September 4, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Bin Huang, Jiabo Zheng, Zhijun Yao, Wenzhe Fan, Shaopeng Qiu, Lingwu Chen, Junxing Chen
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) combined with intravesical chemotherapy (IVC) in T1G3 bladder cancer (Bca) after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). METHODS: Our study retrospectively reviewed 200 patients with T1G3 BCa who had all undergone TURBT. The patients' medical records were divided into two groups, one group only had IVC with pirarubicin after surgery, and the other group had IAC (cisplatin and epirubicin) combined with IVC after surgery...
September 6, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Roberto Iezzi, Maurizio Pompili, Emanuele Rinninella, Eleonora Annicchiarico, Matteo Garcovich, Lucia Cerrito, Francesca Ponziani, AnnaMaria De Gaetano, Massimo Siciliano, Michele Basso, Maria Assunta Zocco, GianLodovico Rapaccini, Alessandro Posa, Francesca Carchesio, Marco Biolato, Felice Giuliante, Antonio Gasbarrini, Riccardo Manfredi
OBJECTIVES: To date, there is no approved second-line treatment for patients dismissing sorafenib or ineligible for this treatment, so it would be useful to find an effective alternative treatment option. The aim of our study was to evaluate safety, feasibility and effectiveness of transarterial chemoembolisation with degradable starch microspheres (DSM-TACE) in the treatment of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) dismissing or ineligible for multikinase-inhibitor chemotherapy administration (sorafenib) due to unbearable side effects or clinical contraindications...
August 31, 2018: European Radiology
Hyung-Il Seo, Dong-Il Kim, Youngsoo Chung, Chang In Choi, Minjoo Kim, Sungpil Yun, Suk Kim, Do Youn Park
Leiomyosarcoma of an artery is very rare, and cases with hepatic metastasis are even rarer. We describe a case of a 70-year-old man who after follow up due to rectal cancer, presented with an intra-abdominal hypervascular mass and a hepatic mass. After surgical resection, it was diagnosed as a leiomyosarcoma of the right gastroepiploic artery with hepatic metastasis. Multiple metastases had recurred at the liver. He has survived more than 53 mo through multimodal treatments (three surgical resections, radiofrequency ablation, transarterial chemoembolization, chemotherapies, and targeted therapy)...
August 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Miwako Nomura, Nobukazu Fuwa, Yutaka Toyomasu, Akinori Takada, Noriko Ii, Jouji Nomura, Hiroyuki Yamada
PURPOSE: We developed an external carotid arterial sheath (ECAS) for performing intra-arterial chemotherapy (IACT) via the superficial temporal artery for head and neck cancer. This study aimed to assess the potential of a novel microcatheter with a steerable tip inserted through the ECAS in comparison to an existing hook-type microcatheter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The same operator used two types of microcatheters alternately for each weekly IACT session with the same patient, and the fluoroscopy time required for catheterization and the arterial selectivity of each microcatheter were compared...
October 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Anabel Rodriguez, Santiago Zugbi, Flavio Requejo, Alejandra Deu, Claudia Sampor, Mariana Sgroi, Andrea Bosaleh, Adriana Fandiño, Paula Schaiquevich, Guillermo Chantada
Patients with retinoblastoma and central nervous system (CNS) involvement are rarely curable with available treatments. We designed a high-dose intra-arterial regimen targeting the ophthalmic artery and chiasm combined with intrathecal chemotherapy to treat a 4-year-old patient with retinoblastoma metastasized to the CNS. After three cycles of this regimen, including carboplatin, melphalan, and intrathecal topotecan, a partial response of the orbital tumor mass and chiasmatic lesion, and complete response in the cerebrospinal fluid and bone marrow were achieved...
August 13, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Takamasa Kobayashi, Hirokazu Kawai, Oki Nakano, Satoshi Abe, Hiroteru Kamimura, Akira Sakamaki, Kenya Kamimura, Atsunori Tsuchiya, Masaaki Takamura, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Shuji Terai
Background: Prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who undergo transcatheter intra-arterial therapies, including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and transcatheter arterial infusion chemotherapy, is affected by many clinical factors including liver function and tumor progression. However, the effect of body composition such as skeletal muscle and visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues (VAT and SAT, respectively) on the prognosis of these patients remains unclear...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Nazanin Maani, Steven W Hetts, Vitaliy L Rayz
Two-scale CFD modeling is used to design and optimize a novel endovascular filtration device for removing toxins from flowing blood. The Chemofilter is temporarily deployed in the venous side of a tumor during the intra-arterial chemotherapy in order to filter excessive chemotherapy drugs such as Doxorubicin from the blood stream. The device chemically binds selective drugs to its surface thus filtering them from blood, after they have had the effect on the tumor and before they reach the heart and other organs...
July 31, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Christina Stathopoulos, Alexandre Moulin, Marie-Claire Gaillard, Maja Beck-Popovic, Francesco Puccinelli, Francis L Munier
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To report conservative therapy in diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma (DIR) and describe specific optic coherence tomography (OCT) features of the tumour. METHODS: Retrospective review of all DIR cases treated conservatively between 1998 and 2012. RESULTS: Three patients (three eyes) were included, cases 1 and 3 with previous enucleation of the contralateral eye and case 2 with unilateral retinoblastoma referred after prior pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil...
July 26, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Takamasa Kobayashi, Hirokazu Kawai, Oki Nakano, Satoshi Abe, Hiroteru Kamimura, Akira Sakamaki, Kenya Kamimura, Atsunori Tsuchiya, Masaaki Takamura, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Shuji Terai
BACKGROUND: The impact of sarcopenia on the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who receive transcatheter intra-arterial therapies, including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and transcatheter arterial infusion chemotherapy, remains unclear. We investigated the prognostic value of skeletal muscle loss (SML) stratified by cutoffs for sarcopenia and rate of change in skeletal muscle mass over 6 months. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 102 patients with HCC treated with transcatheter intra-arterial therapies between 2005 and 2015...
July 24, 2018: BMC Cancer
Ahmet Kaan Gündüz, Yağmur Seda Yeşiltaş, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this article is to review the key clinical and radiological features, treatment strategies, and prognosis of lacrimal gland tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: Debulking of the orbital lobe of the lacrimal gland may offer improved control rates in dacryoadenitis without compromise of tear film function. Contrary to previous belief, careful biopsy of the lacrimal gland prior to excision does not appear to increase the risk of recurrence in cases with suspected pleomorphic adenoma...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Jamal El Ouazzani, Mustapha Beghi, Amine Kossir, Nabila Ismaili, Noha El Ouafi
Background: Cardiac intracavitary metastases from a testicular cancer are very unusual, and intra-cardiac metastasis is exceptionally the first expression of a noncardiac primary neoplasm. We report a case of a young patient for whom a cardiac symptom led to the diagnosis of a metastatic testicular cancer. Case presentation: Our presentation describes an unusual case of a 32 years-old male patient admitted for dyspnea, in whom full examination and tests led to the diagnosis of a huge right ventricular mass revealing a testicular malignant teratoma...
July 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Jasmine H Francis, Jason S Slakter, David H Abramson, Steven A Odrich, Y Pierre Gobin
Purpose: To report on two cases of treatment-refractory juxtapapillary hemagioblastomas that were managed with intra-arterial bevacizumab delivered via the ophthalmic artery. Observations: Case 1 is a 35 year-old man with juxtapapillary hemangioblastoma who continued to have progressive tractional retinal detachment, optic nerve neovascaularization and cystoid macula edema (CME) despite heavy prior treatment with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and steroid intravitreal injections and laser...
September 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Jing-Yu Qian, Yu-Lin Tan, Yang Zhang, Yong-Fei Yang, Xiao-Qiang Li
Regional intra-arterial chemotherapy (RIAC) is a potential alternative treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) with fewer adverse effects than other treatment options. However, specific biomarkers to determine the prognosis of patients with APC have thus far, been unsatisfactory. Glypican-1 (GPC1) in exosomes has been identified as an early diagnostic biomarker for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the presence of GPC1 in extracellular vesicles (EVs) could serve as a predictor of RIAC outcome for patients with APC...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Hayyam Kiratli, İrem Koç, Onur Inam, Ali Varan, Canan Akyüz
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC), intravenous chemotherapy (IVC), and their combination in the management of group D retinoblastoma. METHODS: This was a retrospective, interventional, comparative, and non-randomized clinical study, including all eyes with primarily treated group D retinoblastoma managed in a single institution from February 2010 to July 2016. Patient demographics, treatment modality (primary enucleation, intravenous chemotherapy, intra-arterial chemotherapy alone or intravenous, and intra-arterial chemotherapy), additional need for consolidation treatments or intravitreal melphalan (IVM) injections, and follow-up time were recorded...
June 30, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Xiaoping Yi, Hang Cao, Haiyun Tang, Guanghui Gong, Zhongliang Hu, Weihua Liao, Lunquan Sun, Bihong T Chen, Xuejun Li
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively review the radiological and clinicopathological features of gliosarcoma (GSM) and differentiate it from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS: The clinicopathological data and imaging findings (including VASARI analysis) of 48 surgically and pathologically confirmed GSM patients (group 1) were reviewed in detail, and were compared with that of other glioblastoma (GBM) cases in our hospital (group 2). RESULTS: There were 28 men and 20 women GSM patients with a median age of 52...
June 12, 2018: European Radiology
Xiaqing Xu, Meimei Si, Honggang Lou, Youyou Yan, Yunxi Liu, Hong Zhu, Xiaoe Lou, Jian Ma, Difeng Zhu, Honghai Wu, Bo Yang, Haoshu Wu, Ling Ding, Qiaojun He
Accumulating clinical evidence indicates that diabetic liver cancer patients are less sensitive to intra-arterial chemotherapy than non-diabetic cancer patients. However, the underlying mechanism remains largely uncharacterized. Here, we report that hyperglycemia inhibits AMPK pathway and subsequently reduces ADR induced DNA damage, resulting in decreased chemotherapeutic sensitivity of Adriamycin (ADR). HepG2 and Bel-7402 cells were treated with ADR in various glucose conditions and then subjected to cell proliferation assay and apoptosis...
June 25, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Lauren A Dalvin, David Ancona-Lezama, J Antonio Lucio-Alvarez, Babak Masoomian, Pascal Jabbour, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To assess risk factors for ophthalmic vascular events after intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for retinoblastoma. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who received unilateral IAC as primary treatment for retinoblastoma from January 1, 2009, to November 30, 2017, at a single center. METHODS: Records were reviewed for patient demographics, tumor features, IAC parameters, and treatment-related vascular events in the early IAC era (2009-2011) compared with the recent era (2012-2017) using the t test and Fisher exact test...
June 16, 2018: Ophthalmology
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