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Pablo Jesús López-Soto, José Miguel Bretones-García, Verónica Arroyo-García, Margarita García-Ruiz, Eduardo Sánchez-Ossorio, María Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the application of a noninvasive intervention consisting of a postural modification using personalized models and osteopathy in people with occipital neuralgia. METHOD: retrospective study of the intervention performed in adult population with occipital neuralgia, consisting of postural modification using personalized plantar orthoses and osteopathy, in a study period of four years. The observed variables were: persistence of headache, alignment of the axes, plantar support, center of gravity and center of mass; medical interview data, visual analogue scale, Win-Track gait analysis system and Kinovea software for video analysis (clinical assessment instruments used)...
November 14, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Hak-Cheol Ko, Byung-Chul Son
Although C1-C3 upper cervical radiculopathy can cause a headache, most case reports are occipital neuralgia (ON), not headache. Here, we report a unique case of chronic temporo-occipital headache due to C3 radiculopathy. A 62-year-old male presented with a chronic left-sided temporo-occipital headache with duration of 4 years. The headache was aching and pressure like in nature. It had a typical radiating pattern on every occasion. It started in the posterior temporal area above the ear. It then extended to retroauricular area, then suboccipital area, and lateral neck...
October 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Elizabeth R Duvall, Jennifer Pan, Kim Tien T Dinh, Majd Al Shaarani, Golden Pan, Marlyn P Langford, William A Byrd
Purpose: To show the utility of MRI and histology in diagnosing rare cases of trigeminal hypertrophic interstitial neuropathy (HIN). Observations: A 57-year-old African-American woman presented with a 4-year history of right eye proptosis with tearing, headaches, and worsening right-sided trigeminal neuralgia symptoms and jaw pain. HIV and diabetes tests were negative and thyroid function was normal. MRI identified abnormal thickening of all trigeminal nerve divisions and proptosis secondary to right trigeminal nerve V1 division enlargement...
December 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Fatima Mubarak, Asra Tanwir, Waseem M Nizamani
Intracranial schwannomas account for 8% of all intracranial tumors, out of which 90% are acoustic schwannomas. Other rare varieties include trigeminal melanotic schwannomas that account for 0.2% of all intracranial tumors. Melanotic schwannomas are intracranial tumors that are heavily pigmented due to the presence of melanin. The most common origination of the tumor involves being confined to Meckel's cave, presenting with features of trigeminal neuralgia, neurasthenia, and numbness. We report a case of a 48-year-old male presenting with dysarthria, left-sided hemiparesis, dysphagia, and headache for the past six months...
July 30, 2018: Curēus
Raimondas Juškys, Gytis Šustickas
Background: There is a great deal of tools for treatment of occipital neuralgia but currently we are lacking a complete consensus among practitioners regarding the optimal approach to this debilitating condition. Occipital nerve block (ONB) is known as one of the management options but there is lack of scientific literature exploring its effectiveness. Materials and methods: The prospective study was undertaken between March 2014 and February 2018 at the State Vilnius University Hospital...
2018: Acta Medica Lituanica
María Del Pilar Lucena, Federico Furno Sola, Mitzy E Torres Soriano, Fanny Andrea Gerster
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia is a rare cause of postoperative pain after ophthalmic surgery and has only been described twice in the international literature: one case of pain after vitrectomy with a crystalline lens extraction and another case of an unspecified surgery type. We report three cases of ophthalmic surgery-induced trigeminal neuralgia. CASE PRESENTATION: Trigeminal neuralgia was diagnosed in three patients after ophthalmic surgery. Patient 1 was a 63-year-old Caucasian man with an epiretinal membrane and cataract in his left eye...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Gabriela Aguilo-Seara, Christopher Michael Runyan
Ganglion cysts within the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), although uncommon, typically present with swelling, pain, trismus, and difficulty with mastication. The authors report an unusual case of a ganglion cyst in the TMJ of a 52-year-old man who presented with chief complaints of severe headaches and dizziness that had not subsided following treatment with medication, trigger point injections, or sphenopalatine ganglion blocks. The cyst appeared as a nonenhancing, T2 hyperdensity adjacent to the left TMJ condyle on magnetic resonance imaging, supported by the presence of chronic erosion and remodeling of the anterior aspect of the left condylar head on computed tomography...
October 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Michael J Marmura, Aliza S Kumpinsky
Anti-epileptic drugs are among the most effective drugs for migraine prophylaxis, and will likely continue to have a role even as new therapies emerge. Topiramate and valproate are effective for the preventive treatment of migraine, and other medications such as gabapentin or lamotrigine may have a role in the treatment of those with allodynia or frequent aura, respectively. Oxcarbazepine, carbamazepine, phenytoin, gabapentin, and others may alleviate pain in trigeminal neuralgia. While many anti-epileptic drugs can be effective in those with migraine or other headaches, most of these agents can potentially cause serious side effects...
August 2018: CNS Drugs
Michael G Hillegass, Samuel F Luebbert, Maureen F McClenahan
We report a case in which a 34-year-old female with refractory intracranial hypotension headaches due to a spontaneous dural tear was ultimately treated with CT-guided transforaminal epidural placement of a synthetic absorbable sealant (DuraSeal®). The procedure successfully resolved her headaches; however she subsequently developed thoracic neuralgia presumably due to mass effect of the sealant material on the lower thoracic spinal cord and nerve roots. This case report describes the potential for significant spinal cord and nerve root compression as well as the development of chronic neuralgia with the placement of epidural hydrogel and fibrin glue sealants...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
A Gündüz, U Uygunoğlu, D Uluduz, S Saip, A Siva, B Göksan, M E Kızıltan
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that prepulse modulation (PPM) would be altered in trigeminal neuralgia (TN) if suprasegmental inhibitory network involvement was present and tested our hypothesis in a group of patients with classical TN. METHODS: The study enrolled nine consecutive patients with classical TN and 14 healthy subjects. Diagnosis and classification followed the International Classification of Headache Disorders-third edition (beta version). The blink reflex (BR) and BR-PPM were recorded...
July 28, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Bruno Pradier, Hye Bin Shin, Duk Soo Kim, Robyn St Laurent, Diane Lipscombe, Julie A Kauer
The peripheral trigeminovascular pathway mediates orofacial and craniofacial pain and projects centrally to the brainstem trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNc). Sensitization of this pathway is involved in many pain conditions, but little is known about synaptic plasticity at its first central synapse. We have taken advantage of optogenetics to investigate plasticity selectively evoked at synapses of nociceptive primary afferents onto TNc neurons. Based on immunolabeling in the trigeminal ganglia, TRPV1-lineage neurons comprise primarily peptidergic and nonpeptidergic nociceptors...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Ayami Katayama, Yasuaki Kanada, Mana Tsukada, Yuko Akanuma, Haruka Takemura, Takahiro Ono, Hiroki Suga, Hitoshi Mera, Tadashi Hisamitsu, Masataka Sunagawa
Background: Yokukansan (YKS), a traditional herbal (Kampo) medicine consisting of seven herbs, is effective in the treatment of pain disorders, such as headache, postherpetic neuralgia, fibromyalgia, and trigeminal neuralgia, and we have previously shown it to be effective against morphine analgesic tolerance in rats. It has been reported that orexin receptor antagonists prevent the development of morphine tolerance and that YKS inhibits the secretion of orexin A in the hypothalamus. This study examined whether the inhibition of the secretion of orexin A by YKS is one mechanism underlying its effect against morphine analgesic tolerance...
June 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
A Donnet, E Simon, E Cuny, G Demarquay, A Ducros, S De Gaalon, P Giraud, E Guégan Massardier, M Lanteri-Minet, D Leclercq, C Lucas, M Navez, C Roos, D Valade, P Mertens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
Jonathan H Hsu, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Daniel M Blumberger
PURPOSE: Review recent meta-analyses and clinical trials investigating the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for concurrent pain and depressive symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent meta-analyses have included both pain and depression outcomes in fibromyalgia and chronic pain. Randomized controlled trials have also been conducted in post-herpetic neuralgia, trauma-related headache, and neuropathic pain with attention to both pain and depressive symptoms...
June 14, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Mihir R Bapat, Amandeep Gujral, Bharat K Patel
STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVE.: We report a rare case of congenital unilateral rotatory atlanto-occipital subluxation that presented with left C1 neuralgia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Secondary occipital neuralgia is commonly attributed to pathologies of the atlanto-axial joint and C2/C3 nerve involvement. Our case depicts a model of slow creeping atlanto-occipital subluxation due to a rare left C1 superior articular facet dysplasia with C1 foraminal stenosis presenting as C1 neuralgia...
May 31, 2018: Spine
Mohamed Binfalah, Eman Alghawi, Eslam Shosha, Ali Alhilly, Moiz Bakhiet
Transnasal sphenopalatine ganglion block is emerging as is an attractive and effective treatment modality for acute migraine headaches, cluster headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and several other conditions. We assessed the efficacy and safety of this treatment using the Sphenocath® device. 55 patients with acute migraine headaches underwent this procedure, receiving 2 ml of 2% lidocaine in each nostril. Pain numeric rating scale (baseline, 15 minutes, 2 hours, and 24 hours) and patient global impression of change (2 hours and 24 hours after treatment) were recorded...
2018: Pain Research and Treatment
Natalia Frade Porto, Juan Delgado Fernández, María de Los Ángeles García Pallero, Juan Ramón Penanes Cuesta, Paloma Pulido Rivas, Ricardo Gil Simoes
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common primary brain tumor, despite an aggressive clinical course, less than 2% of patients develop extraneural metastasis. We present a 72-year-old male diagnosed with a right temporal glioblastoma due to headache. He underwent total gross resection surgery and after that the patient was treated with adyuvant therapy. Five months after the patient returned with trigeminal neuralgia, and MRI showed an infratemporal cranial mass which infiltrates masticator space, the surrounding bone, the temporal muscle and superior cervical and parotid lymph nodes...
May 16, 2018: Neurocirugía
Andrew Levy, Manjit S Matharu
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks (SUNHA) is characterized by strictly unilateral trigeminal distribution pain that occurs in association with ipsilateral cranial autonomic features. There are two subtypes: short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA). These disorders are rare but highly disabling. The management of SUNHA can be challenging...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Aymeric Amelot, Remy van Effenterre, Michel Kalamarides, Philippe Cornu, Anne-Laure Boch
OBJECTIVE Meningiomas confined to the cavernous sinus (MCSs) are benign tumors. Due to the high risk of severe complications, the intracavernous surgical procedure was abandoned in favor of radiotherapy. However, the choice of treatment remains complicated due to the fact that the natural history of this lesion has not yet been described. METHODS The authors studied the natural history of this lesion using a prospective series of 53 consecutive patients suffering from MCSs. The median follow-up duration was 10...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Antonio Perciaccante, Philippe Charlier, Camilla Negri, Alessia Coralli, Otto Appenzeller, Raffaella Bianucci
On October 17, 1849, Poland's greatest composer, Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) died aged 39. His cause of death remains unknown. An investigation of the documental sources was performed to reconstruct the medical history of the artist. Since his earliest years, his life had been dominated by poor health. Recurrent episodes of cough, fever, headaches, lymphadenopathy- a series of symptoms that may be attributed to viral respiratory infections- manifested in his teens. Later in life, he had chest pain, hemoptysis, hematemesis, neuralgia, and arthralgia...
May 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
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