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Jagdish C Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Vishwas Mohan, Arvind Sethi
Although acquired left ventricular outflow obstruction has been reported in a variety of conditions, there are scant reports of its occurrence following mitral valve replacement (MVR). This study describes two female patients, who developed severe discrete subaortic stenosis, five years following MVR. In both cases, the mitral valve was replaced by a porcine Carpentier-Edwards 27-mm bioprosthesis with preservation of mitral valve leaflets. The risk of very late left ventricular outflow tract obstruction after bio-prosthetic MVR with preservation of subvalvular apparatus needs to be kept in mind in symptomatic patients...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Philip Y K Pang, Jiasi Zhu, Yoong Kong Sin, Yeow Leng Chua
Most mitral paravalvular leaks (PVLs) occur during the first year after mitral valve replacement (MVR). This report describes the surgical management of 6 patients who developed very late mitral PVLs. The median interval between MVR and initial diagnosis of PVL was 16.5 years. All patients presented with congestive cardiac failure and haemolytic anaemia. The median EuroSCORE II was 9.5%. Two patients (33%) had failed attempts at transcatheter closure. Five patients underwent suture repair of the PVL. One patient underwent MVR after removal of the previous prosthesis...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Shalini Garg, Ramesh Thakur, Vinay Krishna, Karandeep Singh, Mohit Sachan, Amit Goel, Mahamdula Razi, Umeshwar Pandey, Chandra Mohan Varma
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of surgery in patients with chronic organic severe mitral regurgitation (MR) continues to be debated, especially for those who are asymptomatic. The aim of the study was to determine independent and additive prognostic value of exercise brain natriuretic peptide (eBNP) in patients with severe asymptomatic MR and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: Two hundred twenty-three consecutive patients with severe MR defined by effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) area ≥ 40 mm(2) and/or residual volume ≥ 60 mL, LVEF > 60%, and normal LV end-systolic diameter < 40 mm underwent symptom limited exercise treadmill test (TMT)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Kwon Jae Park, Jong Soo Woo, Jong Yoon Park, Jae Hwa Jung
BACKGROUND: Mitral stenosis (MS) remains one of the important heart diseases. There are many factors that influence the clinical outcomes, and little is known about how left ventricular (LV) dysfunction clinically affects the prognosis of the patient with MS after mitral valve replacement (MVR). We reviewed our clinical experiences of MVR in patients with MS who had LV dysfunction. METHODS: Between January 1991 and January 2013, 110 patients with MS who underwent MVR were analyzed and divided into two groups according to ejection fraction (EF)...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
C H Lee, S M Sapuan, J H Lee, M R Hassan
A study of the melt volume flow rate (MVR) and the melt flow rate (MFR) of kenaf fibre (KF) reinforced Floreon (FLO) and magnesium hydroxide (MH) biocomposites under different temperatures (160-180 °C) and weight loadings (2.16, 5, 10 kg) is presented in this paper. FLO has the lowest values of MFR and MVR. The increment of the melt flow properties (MVR and MFR) has been found for KF or MH insertion due to the hydrolytic degradation of the polylactic acid in FLO. Deterioration of the entanglement density at high temperature, shear thinning and wall slip velocity were the possible causes for the higher melt flow properties...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ansheng Mo, Zhihu Tao, Zhiqiang Feng, Xiaoping Yang, Jun Wu
Patients with end-stage renal disease have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality than those without end-stage renal disease in cardiovascular surgery. Poor outcomes are especially found in patients who undergo valve surgery. We report successful mitral valve replacement (MVR) in a dialysis-dependent patient. The patient recovered well at postoperation and had the complication of anticoagulation at follow-up. Based on this successful case, we believe that myocardial protection, prevention of infection, nutritional support, and close monitoring of blood coagulation function are important in dialysis-dependent patients undergoing valve replacement...
August 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Parikshit S Sharma, Faiz A Subzposh, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Pugazhendhi Vijayaraman
BACKGROUND: Conduction disease is not uncommon after prosthetic valve (PV) surgery. The feasibility of His bundle pacing (HBP) in this patient (pt) population is not well studied. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with permanent HBP in pts undergoing pacemaker (PM) implantation following PV surgery. METHODS: Permanent HBP was attempted in pts with AV conduction disease post PV surgery referred for PM implantation. Conduction disease was characterized as AV nodal vs infra-nodal...
September 20, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Wen-Jian Jiang, Wei-Guo Ma, Xiao-Long Wang, Yu-Yong Liu, Jun-Ming Zhu, Li-Zhong Sun, Hong-Jia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Mitral regurgitation is common in patients with aortic root aneurysm. Mitral valve repair (MVP) or replacement (MVR) can be performed for these patients through either a transverse aortotomy (TA) or transseptal approach (TS). This study sought to compare the early outcomes of mitral valve surgery through the TA and TS approaches and decide which is optimal for this subset of patients. METHODS: Between March 2013 and April 2015, we operated on 99 patients (81 males, 81...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Siddharth Wartak, Isaac Akkad, Adnan Sadiq, Gregory Crooke, Manfred Moskovits, Robert Frankel, Gerald Hollander, Jacob Shani
A 23-year-old African American woman with a past medical history of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), secondary hypertension, and end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis for eight years was stable until she developed symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation with preserved ejection fraction. She underwent a bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (MVR) at outside hospital. However, within a year of her surgery, she presented to our hospital with NYHA class IV symptoms. She was treated for heart failure but in view of her persistent symptoms and low EF was considered for heart and kidney transplant...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
M S Barreto, R A Rosa, V G Seballos, E Machado, L F Valandro, O B Kaizer, Mvr Só, Cas Bier
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of five intracanal irrigants on bond strength of fiber posts cemented with newer self-adhesive resin cement. METHODS: A total of 60 extracted, single-rooted human premolars, sectioned at 14 mm, were prepared with the ProTaper Universal system with a size F3 instrument and filled with an F3 master cone and AH Plus. The root canal filling was partially removed, leaving 4 mm of apical gutta-percha. Specimens were randomly assigned to five groups (n=12), according to the solution used for dentin surface treatment before fiber post cementation, as follows: EDTA 17% (EDTA); QMix (QM); SmearClear (SC); 2...
September 7, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Ibtesam Ibrahim El-Dosouky
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve resistance (MVR) is a hemodynamic consequence of mitral stenosis (MS), but it has no clear threshold with a shortage of data to be reliable. We aimed to investigate match and mismatch between opening area and resistance especially in patients with moderate and mild MS. METHODS: This study comprised 88 patients with moderate and mild rheumatic MS. Transthoracic echocardiographic study estimated the following: mitral valve area (MVA) by both planimetry (2D) and pressure half-time (PHT), mitral valve score (MVS), mean transmitral pressure gradient (MPG), diastolic filling time (DFT), left ventricular out flow tract diameter (LVOTd) and velocity-time integral (LVOTvti), and MVR = MPG/aortic flow ratio [(LVOTd) (LVOTvti)/DFT] in dynes·s/cm(5) ...
August 26, 2016: Echocardiography
Salvatore Campisi, Jean F Fuzellier, Benjamain Haber, Jean P Favre, Antoine Gerbay, Marco Vola
BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a common complication of coronary artery disease and represents an independent predictor of mortality. In the IMR the pattern of mitral valve annular dilatation is asymmetrical: this can explain the long-term incidence of recurrent mitral regurgitation after surgical annular size reduction with a symmetrical ring. The aim of this study is to analyze early and mid-term results of mitral valve repair (MVR) with the CMA IMR ETlogix ring, specifically developed for the surgical correction of IMR...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Lindsay R Freud, Gerald R Marx, Audrey C Marshall, Wayne Tworetzky, Sitaram M Emani
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve replacement (MVR) in young children is limited by the lack of small prostheses. Our institution began performing MVR with modified, surgically placed, stented jugular vein grafts (Melody valve) in 2010. We sought to describe key echocardiographic features for pre- and postoperative assessment of this novel form of MVR. METHODS: The pre- and postoperative echocardiograms of 24 patients who underwent Melody MVR were reviewed. In addition to standard measurements, preoperative potential measurements of the mitral annulus were performed whereby dimensions were estimated for Melody sizing...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Gianluca Rigatelli, Luigi Pedon, Roberto Zecchel, Fabio Dell'Avvocata, Antonio Carrozza, Marco Zennaro, Alberto Mazza, Marco Zuin, Monia Russo, Mario Zanchetta
BACKGROUNDS: Long-term fate of patients submitted to patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure is still unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF), aortic or atrial free wall erosion, device thrombosis (DT), new onset or worsening of mitral valve regurgitation (MVR), and recurrent cerebral ischemic events in the long-term follow up after intracardiac echocardiography (ICE)-aided PFO closure in a large population. METHODS: We reviewed the medical and instrumental data of 1,000 consecutive patients (mean age 47...
October 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Faruk Toktas, Senol Yavuz, Kadir K Ozsin, Umut S Sanri
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether mitral valve repair (MVR) at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) and coronary artery disease could improve short- and mid-term postoperative outcomes.  METHODS: Between March 2013 and December 2015, 90 patients with moderate ischemic MR underwent first-time CABG in Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey. Out of 90 patients, 44 (48...
August 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Anjali Prasad, Meghana R Helder, Dwight A Brown, Hartzell V Schaff
BACKGROUND: The University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) administrative database has been used increasingly as a quality indicator for hospitals and even individual surgeons. We aimed to determine the accuracy of cardiac surgical data in the administrative UHC database vs data in the clinical Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed demographic and outcomes information of patients with aortic valve replacement (AVR), mitral valve replacement (MVR), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
October 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Yongning Shang, Xiaochun Zhang, Liu Chen, Weiling Leng, Xiaotian Lei, Qi Yang, Ziwen Liang, Jian Wang
Background. Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is always accompanied with alteration of left ventricular structure and function. The aims of this study were to assess the structural remodelling in patients with DCM by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and correlation of structural remodelling with severity of DCM. Methods. Twenty-five patients (53.8 ± 8.8 years, 52.0% males) with DCM and thirty-one normal healthy controls (51.9 ± 13.6 years, 45.2% males) were scanned by CMR cine to assess function and structure of left ventricular...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Antonia Rizzuto, Ilaria Palaia, Giuseppina Vescio, Raffaele Serra, Donatella Malanga, Rosario Sacco
BACKGROUND: The only possibility of curative surgery in primary T4, locally advanced, adherent colorectal carcinoma (LAACRC) or recurrent disease with infiltration of adjacent organs is the en bloc resection of the invaded structures to achieve clear surgical margins (R0). The role of extended resections for occlusive LAACRC remains unclear. We report on our experience on Multivisceral resections (MVR) for LAACRC patients between 2003 and 2012. METHODS: Twenty-two patients, who were treated with MVR with curative purpose for non-metastatic disease were recruited...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Mingwen Li, Yingbin Xiao, Daozhong Chen, Liming Liu, Liming Ma, Pingfan Wang, Kui Jia, Kai Yang, Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Star GK valves were widely used in China, and we studied the clinical follow-up results of patients with Star GK valve implants for more than one year.  METHODS: Clinical data were collected from those patients who had Star GK valve implants for over one year. Patients were divided into three groups: (1) AVR group: received aortic valve replacement surgery. Based on the valve model this group was further sub-divided into two groups: 21A group, and 23A group; (2) MVR group: received mitral valve replacement surgery...
2016: Heart Surgery Forum
Yoshiaki Ohyama, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Chikara Noda, Atul R Chugh, Gisela Teixido-Tura, Jang-Young Kim, Sirisha Donekal, Kihei Yoneyama, Ola Gjesdal, Alban Redheuil, Chia-Ying Liu, Tetsuya Nakamura, Colin O Wu, W Gregory Hundley, David A Bluemke, Joao A C Lima
BACKGROUND: This study sought to assess cross-sectional associations of aortic stiffness assessed by magnetic resonance imaging with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and myocardial deformation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Aortic arch pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured with phase contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging. LV circumferential strain (Ecc), torsion, and early diastolic strain rate were determined by tagged magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
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