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Pain Social disability

Lisa Söderman, Måns Edlund, Lena Marions
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among adolescents and its effect on daily life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A web-based questionnaire, with questions regarding menstrual symptoms was distributed to all girls born year 2000 and residing in Stockholm City (n=3998). Questions regarding pain severity, other menstrual related symptoms, medical treatment, health care visits, social and academic absenteeism were included in the questionnaire...
October 12, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Barbara J Turner, Natalia Rodriguez, Raudel Bobadilla, Arthur E Hernandez, Zenong Yin
Objective: To examine factors influencing initial engagement, ongoing participation, learned behaviors, and subjective functional outcomes after a trial of the Living Better Beyond Pain (LBBP) chronic pain self-management program. Design: Qualitative study using the Grounded Theory approach. Setting: Two 60-minute focus groups and phone interviews in May 2017. Subjects: Focus groups with 18 participants who completed LBBP and six-month measures; telephone interviews with 17 participants who stopped attending...
October 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Yuri M Falzone, Marta Campagnolo, Mariangela Bianco, Patrizia Dacci, Daniele Martinelli, Marta Ruiz, Silvia Bocci, Federica Cerri, Angelo Quattrini, Giancarlo Comi, Luana Benedetti, Fabio Giannini, Giuseppe Lauria, Eduardo Nobile-Orazio, Chiara Briani, Raffaella Fazio, Nilo Riva
Although anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) antibody neuropathy is reported as a slowly progressive disease, it can lead to significant disability and impairment of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and social participation. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the functioning and HR-QoL determinants in 67 patients with anti-MAG neuropathy in terms of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). Evaluations included: Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score, Sensory Modality Sum score (SMS), Berg balance scale (BBS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, 9-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT), 6-min Walk Distance (6MWD), Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA) and the physical component score (PCS) and mental component score (MCS) of the short-form-36 health status scale (SF-36) HR-QoL measure...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Aleksandra Szybalska, Katarzyna Broczek, Przemysław Slusarczyk, Ewa Kozdron, Jerzy Chudek, Monika Puzianowska-Kuznicka, Tomasz Kostka, Anna Skalska, Malgorzata Mossakowska
Background: Rehabilitation tailored to older adults' needs might improve their functional performance and quality of life, as well as increase social participation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of medical rehabilitation services among older Poles in relation to socio-economic and health-related determinants. Materials and methods: Data regarding medical rehabilitation were obtained from the nationwide, multidisciplinary PolSenior project (2007-2012) conducted on representative sample of 4813 respondents (48...
2018: European Geriatric Medicine
Pamela Vo, Nicolas Paris, Aikaterini Bilitou, Tomas Valena, Juanzhi Fang, Christel Naujoks, Ann Cameron, Frederic de Reydet de Vulpillieres, Francois Cadiou
INTRODUCTION: Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurring attacks that can cause severe disabling pain. This study described the burden of migraine as reported by individuals with migraine in the real world using a mobile application. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data captured through the Migraine Buddy© smartphone application from adult, self-diagnosed individuals with migraine in 17 European countries...
October 6, 2018: Neurology and Therapy
Deanna R Befus, Megan Bennett Irby, Remy R Coeytaux, Donald B Penzien
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite recognition of rising prevalence and significant burden, migraine remains underestimated, underdiagnosed, and undertreated. This is especially true among groups who have been historically, socially, and economically marginalized such as communities of color, women, people experiencing poverty, people with lower levels of education, and people who hold more than one of these marginalized identities. While there is growing public and professional interest in disparities in migraine prevalence, there is a paucity of research focusing on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities, and the social and structural determinants of health and equity that perpetuate these disparities...
October 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Jang Woo Lee, Young-Ho Lim, Yu Hui Won, Dong Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an exceedingly common medical condition that results in significant medical and social burden. Sitting for a long period is a common aggravating factor for LBP. Although seat cushion is known to promote comfort, relieve pressure, and correct posture, its effect on chronic LBP has not yet been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effect of gel seat cushion on chronic LBP in occupational drivers. METHODS: Occupational drivers with chronic LBP lasting for >6 months were recruited...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Cate Sinclair, Pamela Meredith, Jenny Strong, George A Chalkiadis
OBJECTIVES: Sensory modulation patterns contribute to altered pain perception and disengagement in activities; atypical sensory modulation patterns have been associated with higher pain sensitivity, catastrophizing, and reduced function. Objectives of this study were to ascertain whether: adolescents with persistent pain had atypical sensory modulation patterns, atypical sensory modulation was associated with reduced functioning and higher pain, and pain catastrophizing mediated the relationship between sensory modulation and functional disability...
October 3, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Liliane Mendonça, Matilde Monteiro-Soares, Luís Filipe Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and recurrent conditions in the general population, with personal, professional, social and economic impact. However, there is a lack of consistent evidence about chronic low back pain (CLBP) prognosis, especially highlighting predictors that influence CLBP outcome. Existing systematic reviews are scarce, outdated and incomplete. The primary aim of this systematic review is to identify multivariable models and/or predictors associated with clinical outcomes in subjects with CLBP (namely pain intensity, disability, return to work, psychological well-being and quality of life)...
October 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
BACKGROUND: Most research on the health impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse has been conducted in Western countries and may not be generalizable to women living in different contexts, such as Saudi Arabia. Chronic pain, a disabling health issue associated with experiences of both child abuse and IPV among women, negatively impacts women's well-being, quality of life, and level of functioning. Yet, the psychosocial mechanisms that explain how abuse relates to chronic pain are poorly understood...
October 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Dan Kaufmann, K C Brennan
Migraine is a disabling neurological disorder affecting 12% of the world's population. Stress is a major reported trigger and exacerbator of migraine. We evaluated the effects of two chronic stress paradigms on migraine relevant phenotypes in male C57Bl/6 mice. Methods: Fifty six mice were used in a 14 day social defeat stress (SDS) and twenty three mice were used in a 40 day chronic variable stress (CVS) paradigm. Anxiety measures were evaluated using the open field and elevated plus maze (EPM) tests. Migraine relevant phenotypes were evaluated using the nitroglycerin (NTG) and cortical spreading depression (CSD) models...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Agnieszka Beata Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Bernard Sozański, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Demographic changes in Europe have resulted in anincreased demand for healthcare and social care for the elderly. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors related to disability in ADL and IADL among elderly inhabitants of rural areas of southeastern Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 426 subjects aged 71-80 years. To assess their activities of daily living, the Katz ADL Scale was used, and the Lawton IADL Scale was used to assess their instrumental activities in daily living...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Liz Graham, Robert Cicero, David Clarke, Bonnie Cundill, Alison Ellwood, Amanda Farrin, Jill Fisher, Madeline Goodwin, Rebecca Hawkins, Karen Hull, Claire Hulme, Dominic Trépel, Rachel Williams, Anne Forster
BACKGROUND: Residents of care homes have high levels of disability and poor mobility, but the promotion of health and wellbeing within care homes is poorly realised. Residents spend the majority of their time sedentary which leads to increased dependency and, coupled with poor postural management, can have many adverse outcomes including pressure sores, pain and reduced social interaction. The intervention being tested in this project (the Skilful Care Training Package) aims to increase the awareness and skills of care staff in relation to poor posture in the older, less mobile adult and highlight the benefits of activity, and how to skilfully assist activity, in this group to enable mobility and reduce falls risk...
September 24, 2018: Trials
Burak Menek, Devrim Tarakci, Z Candan Algun
BACKGROUND: Mulligan mobilization techniques cause pain and affect the function in patients with Rotator cuff syndrome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of Mulligan mobilization on pain and quality of life in individuals with Rotator cuff syndrome. METHODS: This study was conducted on 30 patients with Rotator cuff syndrome. The patients were randomized into Mulligan and control group. All the patients participating in this study were treated with conventional physiotherapy...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Candi M C Leung, Ka Long Chan, Phoon Ping Chen, Yu Fat Chow, Joanne W Y Chung, Alexander C B Law, Jenny S W Lee, Edward M F Leung, Cindy W C Tam
Self-efficacy has been consistently found to be a protective factor against psychological distress and disorders in the literature. However, little research is done on the moderating effect of self-efficacy on depressive symptoms in the context of chronic pain. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine if pain self-efficacy attenuated the direct relationship between pain intensity and depressive symptoms, as well as their indirect relationship through reducing the extent of catastrophizing when feeling pain (moderated mediation)...
2018: PloS One
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P J McGrath
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a time when subjects transform their role from a dependent child to an independent social identity. This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may influence the OHRQoL of 18-year-old young adults. METHODS: A representative sample was selected from Hong Kong. Periodontal status and caries were examined according to WHO criteria. Four orthodontic indices were used to assess malocclusion...
September 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Carlos King Ho Wong, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common health problem encountered by various populations among different countries. This prospective study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) into Traditional Chinese and to assess its validity, reliability and sensitivity in Chinese patients experiencing low back pain. METHODS: Double forward and single back translation of the JOABPEQ was performed with cross-cultural adaptation...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Prakash Jayakumar, Celeste L Overbeek, Sarah Lamb, Mark Williams, Christopher Funes, Stephen Gwilym, David Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are key determinants of health after upper extremity injuries. However, a systematic review is needed to understand which psychosocial factors are most consistently associated with disability and how the language, conceptualization, and types of measures used to assess disability impact these associations in upper extremity injuries. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What factors are most consistently associated with disability after upper extremity injuries in adults? (2) What are the trends in types of outcome measures and conceptualization of disability in patients' upper extremity injuries? METHODS: We searched multiple electronic databases (PubMED, OVIDSP, PsycInfo, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science) between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2016, using terms related to the "upper extremity", "outcome measurement", and "impairment, psychological, social or symptomatic" variables...
September 4, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Megan H Ross, Michelle Smith, Melanie L Plinsinga, Bill Vicenzino
Background: Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a painful, progressive tendinopathy that reportedly predominates in middle-age, overweight women. There is no evidence based guidelines that clinicians can use to guide treatment planning, which leaves clinicians to make decisions on the basis of presenting clinical impairments and self-reported pain and disability. The purpose of this systematic review was to quantify clinical impairments, pain and disability in individuals with PTTD compared with controls...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Binoy Paul, Rosh Pariyapurath
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multifactorial disease; it leads to disabling and painful chronic inflammatory arthritis. Its onset may be delayed or even prevented by modifying the risk factors involved. Many genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of RA. The objectives of this case-control study were to assess various risk factors in our population and to compare the same with age- and sex-matched controls. METHODS: We studied 118 cases with RA diagnosed using the EULAR criteria...
September 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
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