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Teaching palliative medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985742/how-do-experienced-professors-teach-palliative-medicine-in-european-universities-a-cross-case-analysis-of-eight-undergraduate-educational-programs
#1
Antonio Noguera, Deborah Bolognesi, Eduardo Garralda, Monica Beccaro, Aleksandra Kotlinska-Lemieszek, Carl Johan Furst, John Ellershaw, Frank Elsner, Agnes Csikos, Marilene Filbet, Guido Biasco, Carlos Centeno
BACKGROUND: In Europe in recent decades, university teaching of palliative medicine (PM) has evolved. In some countries it has been introduced as a compulsory subject in all medical schools, but in a majority of countries it remains an isolated subject at few universities. OBJECTIVE: To explore how PM has been introduced into the curricula and how it is currently being taught at different European universities. METHOD: Case study method using face-to-face semistructured interviews with experienced PM professors, comparing how they have developed PM undergraduate programs at their universities...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944627/preventability-of-28-day-hospital-readmissions-in-general-internal-medicine-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-at-a-quaternary-hospital
#2
Constantin Shuster, Andrew Hurlburt, Terence Yung, Tony Wan, John A Staples, Penny Tam
BACKGROUND: Unplanned hospital readmissions are associated with increased patient mortality and health care costs, yet only a fraction are likely to be preventable. This study's objective was to identify preventable hospital readmissions of general internal medicine patients, and their common causes. METHODS: Patients who were discharged from the general internal medicine teaching service and readmitted to hospital within 28 days for 24 hours or more were recruited to the study; they were identified via the hospital electronic medical record system...
July 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860920/pilot-study-assessing-the-direct-medical-cost-of-treating-patients-with-cancer-in-kenya-findings-and-implications-for-the-future
#3
Omondi Michelle Atieno, Sylvia Opanga, Antony Martin, Amanj Kurdi, Brian Godman
BACKGROUND: Currently the majority of cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, where there are appreciable funding concerns. In Kenya, most patients currently pay out of pocket for treatment, and those who are insured are generally not covered for the full costs of treatment. This places a considerable burden on households if family members develop cancer. However, the actual cost of cancer treatment in Kenya is unknown. Such an analysis is essential to better allocate resources as Kenya strives towards universal healthcare...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807493/practicing-communication-skills-for-responding-to-emotionally-charged-questions
#4
Rushad Patell, Alejandra Gutierrez, Natalie Lee, Kathleen Neuendorf
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a 1-hour communication skills workshop highlighting the "ask more and summarize technique" (AMST) to teach residents an effective way to respond to emotionally charged questions. METHODS: From December 2015 to January 2017, residents on an inpatient oncology or palliative medicine rotation attended a mandatory 1-hour workshop on AMST involving a short introduction to the technique followed by skills practice. A survey (S1) was administered to the residents during the first session to assess their self-reported attitudes and practices...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#5
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
May 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237654/investigating-the-effect-of-sociodemographic-factors-on-30-day-hospital-readmission-among-medical-patients-in-toronto-canada-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Robert W Smith, Kerry Kuluski, Andrew P Costa, Samir K Sinha, Richard H Glazier, Alan Forster, Lianne Jeffs
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of patient-level sociodemographic factors on the incidence of hospital readmission within 30 days among medical patients in a large Canadian metropolitan city. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients admitted to the General Internal Medicine service of an urban teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada participated in a survey of sociodemographic information. Patients were not surveyed if deemed medically unstable, receiving care in medical/surgical step-down beds or were isolated for infection control...
December 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850307/self-assessment-of-skills-and-competencies-among-residents-participating-in-a-pediatric-hospice-and-palliative-medicine-elective-rotation
#7
Zachary M Rossfeld, Dmitry Tumin, Lisa M Humphrey
OBJECTIVE: To describe our institutional experience with a four-week pediatric HPM elective rotation and its impact on residents' self-rated competencies. BACKGROUND: In the spirit of bolstering primary hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) skills of all pediatricians, it is unclear how best to teach pediatric HPM. An elective rotation during residency may serve this need. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was distributed to pediatric and internal medicine/pediatrics residents at a single, tertiary academic children's hospital...
February 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803073/leadership-development-initiative-growing-global-leaders%C3%A2-advancing-palliative-care
#8
Frank D Ferris, Shannon Y Moore, Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI) was a model demonstration project that aimed to expand the global network of palliative care leaders in low- and moderate-resource countries who are well positioned to apply their new leadership skills. Thirty-nine palliative medicine physicians from 25 countries successfully completed the two-year curriculum that included three thematic residential courses, mentorship, and site visits by senior global palliative care leaders and personal projects to apply their new leadership skills...
February 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731361/the-impact-of-teaching-prognostication-at-the-end-of-life-a-pre-post-interventional-study
#9
Alexandria Bear, Tucker Keuter, Jayshil J Patel
BACKGROUND: Providing accurate and valid prognostic information significantly influences end-of-life care. Disclosing a poor prognosis can be among the most difficult of physician responsibilities, thus having appropriate knowledge during training is crucial for appropriate prognostication. OBJECTIVE: To provide internal medicine (IM) house staff with a pre- and posteducational survey to determine their ability to accurately prognosticate 5 common end-stage diseases...
March 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716613/a-novel-use-of-peer-coaching-to-teach-primary-palliative-care-skills-coaching-consultation
#10
Juliet Jacobsen, Corinne Alexander Cole, Bethany-Rose Daubman, Debjani Banerji, Joseph A Greer, Karen O'Brien, Kathleen Doyle, Vicki A Jackson
BACKGROUND: We aim to address palliative care workforce shortages by teaching clinicians how to provide primary palliative care through peer coaching. INTERVENTION: We offered peer coaching to internal medicine residents and hospitalists (attendings, nurse practioners, and physician assistants). MEASURES: An audit of peer coaching encounters and coachee feedback to better understand the applicability of peer coaching in the inpatient setting to teach primary palliative care...
October 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639775/-%C3%A2-living-facing-death-improving-lausanne-s-medical-students-%C3%A2-attitude-toward-end-of-life-issues
#11
Emmanuel Tamchès, Lazare Benaroyo, Marc Antoine Bornet, Jean-Pierre Hornung, Gian Domenico Borasio
The optional course « Living facing death » is the result of an innovative educational approach jointly developed by CHUV's Palliative Care Service, Lausanne's School of Medicine, Medical Ethics Unit and the students' association « Doctors & Death ». It is intended for 3rd and 4th grade medical students and was inspired by previous experiences conducted at Harvard Medical School. Its primary objective is to help students to « take some distances ». A mixed quantitative/qualitative satisfaction questionnaire was administered to all participating students at the completion of the course...
May 24, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122553/undergraduate-curriculum-in-palliative-medicine-at-tampere-university-increases-students-knowledge
#12
Juho T Lehto, Kati Hakkarainen, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Tiina Saarto
BACKGROUND: Education in palliative medicine (PM) at medical schools reveals wide variation despite the increasing importance of palliative care. Many universities present poor description of the benefits and detailed content of the total curriculum in PM. Using the recommendations of European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) as a reference, we evaluated the content and outcomes of the curriculum in PM at the University of Tampere, Finland. METHODS: We searched for a PM curriculum by examining the teaching offered by every specialty and compared it to EAPC recommendations...
January 25, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103764/multimodal-pediatric-pain-management-part-2
#13
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf speaks to Commissioning Editor Jade Parker: Stefan Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The pain and palliative care program is devoted to control acute, chronic/complex and procedural pain for inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
May 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#14
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
March 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887622/learning-to-care-medical-students-reported-value-and-evaluation-of-palliative-care-teaching-involving-meeting-patients-and-reflective-writing
#15
EDITORIAL
Erica Borgstrom, Rachel Morris, Diana Wood, Simon Cohn, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been an increase in teaching of both palliative care and reflective practice in UK medical schools. The palliative care teaching at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine is multi-faceted and involves students writing reflective essays after individually meeting patients approaching the end of life during their final year general practice and hospital medicine placements. This paper draws on two studies examining this teaching element to analyse what the students found valuable about it and to comment on the practice of meeting patients and subsequent reflective writing...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873183/interdisciplinary-oncology-education-a-national-survey-of-trainees-and-program-directors-in-the-united-states
#16
Adil S Akthar, Christopher D Hellekson, Sabha Ganai, Olwen M Hahn, Ronald J Maggiore, Ezra E Cohen, Mitchell C Posner, Steven J Chmura, Andrew R Howard, Daniel W Golden
Oncologists must have a strong understanding of collaborating specialties in order to deliver optimal cancer care. The objective of this study was to quantify current interdisciplinary oncology education among oncology training programs across the USA, identify effective teaching modalities, and assess communication skills training. Web-based surveys were sent to oncology trainees and program directors (PDs) across the USA on April 1, 2013 and October 8, 2013, respectively. Question responses were Yes/No, five-point Likert scales (1 = not at all, 2 = somewhat, 3 = moderately, 4 = quite, 5 = extremely), or free response...
June 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754747/palliative-care-bedside-teaching-a-qualitative-analysis-of-medical-students-reflective-writings-after-clinical-practices
#17
Rocío Rojí, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, Fernando Pikabea-Díaz, José Miguel Carrasco, Carlos Centeno
CONTEXT: A mandatory course in palliative care (PC) is organized for all final-year medical students at the University of Navarre. It consists of 24 lectures, 4 workshops, and 1 scheduled five hour clinical PC service experience at two different sites. In the 48 hours after the visit and related to the clinical experience, each student has to complete a 500-word reflective writing (RW) piece. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how a brief PC clinical experience helps equip the medical student...
February 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663961/palliative-care-in-dutch-hospitals-a-rapid-increase-in-the-number-of-expert-teams-a-limited-number-of-referrals
#18
A Brinkman-Stoppelenburg, M Boddaert, J Douma, A van der Heide
BACKGROUND: Palliative care expert teams in hospitals have positive effects on the quality of life and satisfaction with care of patients with advanced disease. Involvement of these teams in medical care is also associated with substantial cost savings. In the Netherlands, professional standards state that each hospital should have a palliative care team by 2017. We studied the number of hospitals that have a palliative care team and the characteristics of these teams. METHODS: In April 2015, questionnaires were mailed to key palliative care professionals in all general, teaching and academic hospitals in the Netherlands...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613411/islamic-perspectives-on-clinical-intervention-near-the-end-of-life-we-can-but-must-we
#19
Aasim I Padela, Omar Qureshi
The ever-increasing technological advances of modern medicine have increased physicians' capacity to carry out a wide array of clinical interventions near the end-of-life. These new procedures have resulted in new "types" of living where a patient's cognitive functions are severely diminished although many physiological functions remain active. In this biomedical context, patients, surrogate decision-makers, and clinicians all struggle with decisions about what clinical interventions to pursue and when therapeutic intent should be replaced with palliative goals of care...
December 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605944/hospital-without-dyspnea-rationale-and-design-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention
#20
Lourdes Vicent, Juan Manuel Nuñez Olarte, Luis Puente-Maestu, Esther Artajona, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
Dyspnea is a common and disabling symptom of respiratory and heart diseases, which is growing in incidence. During hospital admission, breathlessness is under-diagnosed and under-treated, although there are treatments available for controlling the symptom. We have developed a tailored implementation strategy directed to medical staff to promote the application of these pharmacological and non-pharmacological tools in dealing with dyspnea. The primary aim is to decrease the rate of patients that do not receive an adequate relief of dyspnea...
July 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
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