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cerebral ischemia AND wnt

Cai-Wei Qiu, Zong-Yao Liu, Kun Hou, Shu-Yi Liu, Yue-Xin Hu, Ling Zhang, Feng-Lan Zhang, Ke-Ying Lv, Qiang Kang, Wei-Yan Hu, Na Ma, Yang Jiao, Wen-Jin Bai, Zhi-Cheng Xiao
Neurogenesis correlates closely with the recovery of neural function after brain ischemia but the critical proteins and signaling pathways involved remain unclear. The phosphatase WIP1 has been shown to regulate neurogenesis in models of aging. However, it is not known if WIP1 affects neurogenesis and functional recovery after brain ischemia. To explore these questions, we performed permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in mice and performed BrdU labeling, neurobehavioral testing, western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining...
July 23, 2018: Experimental Neurology
Hao Zhao, Yongchun Luo, Lihua Chen, Zhenhai Zhang, Chunsen Shen, Yunjun Li, Ruxiang Xu
Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) potentiates existing brain damage and increases mortality and morbidity via poorly understood mechanisms. The aim of our study is to investigate the role of Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) in the development and progression of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury with a focus on mitochondrial fission and the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Our data indicated that Sirt3 was downregulated in response to cerebral IRI. However, the overexpression of Sirt3 reduced the brain infarction area and repressed IRI-mediated neuron apoptosis...
June 3, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Haixia Li, Jingtao Wang, Pengqian Wang, Yingying Zhang, Jun Liu, Yanan Yu, Bing Li, Zhong Wang
Recent evidence demonstrates that a double dose of Jasminoidin (2·JA) is more effective than Jasminoidin (JA) in cerebral ischemia therapy, but its dosage-effect mechanisms are unclear. In this study, the software GeneGo MetaCore was used to perform pathway analysis of the differentially expressed genes obtained in microarrays of mice belonging to four groups (Sham, Vehicle, JA, and 2·JA), aiming to elucidate differences in JA and 2·JA's dose-dependent pharmacological mechanism from a system's perspective...
2018: BioMed Research International
Xingmiao Chen, Binghua Zhou, Tingting Yan, Hao Wu, Jinghan Feng, Hansen Chen, Chong Gao, Tao Peng, Dan Yang, Jiangang Shen
Hypoxic/ischemic stimulation could mediate growth and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) into mature neurons but its underlying mechanisms are largely unclear. Peroxynitrite formation is considered as a crucial pathological process contributing to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that peroxynitrite at low concentration could function as redox signaling to promote the growth of NSCs under hypoxic/ischemic conditions. Increased NSCs proliferation was accompanied by peroxynitrite production in the rat brains with 1 h of ischemia plus 7 days of reperfusion in vivo...
March 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
C Qi, J Zhang, X Chen, J Wan, J Wang, P Zhang, Y Liu
Evidence indicates that after brain injury, neurogenesis is enhanced in regions such as hippocampus, striatum, and cortex. To study the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF‑1α) and Wnt signaling in cerebral ischemia/hypoxia-induced proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs), we investigated the proliferation of NSCs, expression of HIF‑1α, and activation of Wnt signaling under conditions of pathologic hypoxia in vitro. NSCs were isolated from 30-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats and subjected to 0.3% oxygen in a microaerophilic incubation system...
August 15, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Tianen Zhou, Yanran Liang, Longyuan Jiang, Tao Yu, Chaotao Zeng, Enxiang Tao
Mild hypothermia is thought to be one of the most effective therapies for cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injuries. Our previous research revealed that mild hypothermia inhibits the activation of caspase-3 and protects against oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced injury in hippocampal neurons. However, the mechanisms behind the activation of caspase-3 remain unclear. The aims of this study were to determine whether the protective effects of mild hypothermia were exerted through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway...
May 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jianshui Zhang, Junfeng Zhang, Cunfang Qi, Pengbo Yang, Xinlin Chen, Yong Liu
Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) play vital roles in cerebral ischemia, during which many signal pathways mediate BMECs apoptosis. In this study, we explored the potential role of Wnt3α/β-catenin signal in BMECs apoptosis induced by ischemia. Here, we found that oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) could induce apoptosis of BMECs with Wnt3a mRNA expression decrease. Meanwhile, activation Wnt3a/β-catenin signal with exogenous Wnt3α protein (100 ng/ml) or Lithium Chloride (LiCl, 4 mM) decreased significantly apoptosis of BMECs induced by OGD with increasing expression of Bcl-2 in the whole cell and β-catenin in the nucleus...
August 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jatin Tulsulkar, Alicia Ward, Zahoor A Shah
A gender difference in stroke is observed throughout epidemiologic studies, pathophysiology, treatment and outcomes. We investigated the neuroprotective role of hemeoxygenase (HO) enzyme, which catabolizes free heme to bilirubin, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the female brain after permanent ischemia. We have previously reported in male mice that genetic deletion of HO1 exacerbates the brain damage after permanent ischemia, and the mechanism of neuroprotection is dependent on the HO1/Wnt pathway; however, the role of HO1/Wnt mediated neuroprotection in the female brain is yet to be investigated...
May 1, 2017: Brain Research
Yu Zhang, Long-Jian Huang, Si Shi, Shao-Feng Xu, Xiao-Liang Wang, Ying Peng
AIMS: Our previous studies showed that L-3-n-butylphthalide (L-NBP), an extract from seeds of Apium graveolens Linn (Chinese celery), improved cognitive ability in animal models of cerebral ischemia, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is well known that cognitive deficit of AD is caused by synaptic dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the effect of L-NBP on hippocampal synaptic function in APP/PS1 AD transgenic mice and related mechanisms. METHODS: Eighteen-month-old APP/PS1 transgenic (Tg) mice were administrated 15 mg/kg L-NBP by oral gavage for 3 months...
December 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Rosaliana Libro, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
The Wnt/β-catenin or Wnt canonical pathway controls multiple biological processes throughout development and adult life. Growing evidences have suggested that deregulation of the Wnt canonical pathway could be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The Wnt canonical signaling is a pathway tightly regulated, which activation results in the inhibition of the Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3β (GSK-3β) function and in increased β-catenin activity, that migrates into the nucleus, activating the transcription of the Wnt target genes...
August 1, 2016: Life Sciences
Bi-Qin Zhang, Guan-Yi Zheng, Yu Han, Xiao-Dong Chen, Qiong Jiang
Aims. Ilexonin A (IA), a component of the Chinese medicine Ilex pubescens, has been shown to be neuroprotective during ischemic injury. However, the specific mechanism underlying this neuroprotective effect remains unclear. Methods. In this study, we employed a combination of immunofluorescence staining, western blotting, RT-PCR, and behavioral tests, to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in IA regulation of neuronal proliferation and regeneration after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion in rodents...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Xin He, Yunchang Mo, Wujun Geng, Yiyi Shi, Xiuxiu Zhuang, Kunyuan Han, Qinxue Dai, Shenhui Jin, Junlu Wang
Previous studies have demonstrated that pretreatment with electroacupuncture (EA) elicits rapid tolerance to focal cerebral ischemia and that Wnt/β-catenin plays an essential role in cell survival and proliferation. In the present study, we investigated the role of Wnt/β-catenin in EA pretreatment-induced neuroprotection. Two hours after EA pretreatment, focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h. Neuronal survival, cell apoptosis, and the Garcia neurological deficit scores were evaluated 24 h after reperfusion...
July 2016: Neurochemistry International
Jatin Tulsulkar, Shadia E Nada, Brandon D Slotterbeck, Marcia F McInerney, Zahoor A Shah
OBJECTIVE: Obesity-induced diabetes has increased over the years and has become one of the risk factors for stroke. We investigated the influence of diet-induced obesity and hyperglycemia on permanent distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO)-induced ischemic stroke in mice. METHODS: Male C57/Bl6 mice were treated with a high-fat/high-carbohydrate diet [HFCD/obese and hyperglycemia (O/H)] or a normal diet (control) for 3.5 months, subjected to pMCAO, and sacrificed after 7 days...
February 2016: Obesity
Gangadhara R Sareddy, Quanguang Zhang, Ruimin Wang, Erin Scott, Yi Zou, Jason C O'Connor, Yidong Chen, Yan Dong, Ratna K Vadlamudi, Darrell Brann
17-β estradiol (E2) has been implicated as neuroprotective in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we provide genetic evidence, using forebrain-specific knockout (FBKO) mice, that proline-, glutamic acid-, and leucine-rich protein 1 (PELP1), an estrogen receptor coregulator protein, is essential for the extranuclear signaling and neuroprotective actions of E2 in the hippocampal CA1 region after global cerebral ischemia (GCI). E2-mediated extranuclear signaling (including activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and Akt) and antiapoptotic effects [such as attenuation of JNK signaling and increase in phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β)] after GCI were compromised in PELP1 FBKO mice...
December 1, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jatin Tulsulkar, Bryan Glueck, Terry D Hinds, Zahoor A Shah
It is well known that gender differences exist in experimental or clinical stroke with respect to brain damage and loss of functional outcome. We have previously reported neuroprotective properties of Ginkgo biloba/EGb 761® (EGb 761) in transient and permanent mouse models of brain ischemia using male mice, and the mechanism of action was attributed to the upregulation of the heme oxygenase 1 (HO1)/Wnt pathway. Here, we sought to investigate whether EGb 761's protective effect in ovariectomized female mice following stroke is also mediated by the HO1/Wnt pathway...
April 2016: Translational Stroke Research
Chuanhong Wu, Jianxin Chen, Chang Chen, Wei Wang, Limei Wen, Kuo Gao, Xiuping Chen, Sihuai Xiong, Huihui Zhao, Shaojing Li
Microenvironmental regulation has become a promising strategy for complex disease treatment. The neurovascular unit (NVU), as the key structural basis to maintain an optimal brain microenvironment, has emerged as a new paradigm to understand the pathology of stroke. In this study, we investigated the effects of galangin, a natural flavonoid isolated from the rhizome of Alpina officinarum Hance, on NVU microenvironment improvement and associated signal pathways in rats impaired by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
2015: Scientific Reports
Bin Chen, Jing Tao, Yukun Lin, Ruhui Lin, Weilin Liu, Lidian Chen
Electro-acupuncture (EA) is a novel therapy based on combining traditional acupuncture with modern electrotherapy, and it is currently being investigated as a treatment for ischemic stroke. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms through which EA regulates the proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the cortical peri‑infarct area after stroke. The neuroprotective effects of EA on ischemic rats were evaluated by determining the neurological deficit scores and cerebral infarct volumes...
November 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Haibo Zhu, Jie He, Liang Ye, Fei Lin, Jian Hou, Yan Zhong, Wanglin Jiang
Curculigoside A has shown protective effects against rat cortical neuron damage in vivo. However, the molecular mechanisms through which Curculigoside A affords this protection are unclear. In the present study, we sought to elucidate the mechanisms of angiogenesis in rat aortic endothelial cells (RAEC), rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC) as well as a rat model of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury following treatment with Curculigoside A. We examined the role of Curculigoside A on RAEC and RASMC proliferation, migration, and tube formation in vitro and in a cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury rat model...
November 1, 2015: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Yangyang Xu, Guanghua Zhang, Zechun Kang, Yong Xu, Wangling Jiang, Shuping Zhang
We investigated whether cornin, an iridoid glycoside isolated from fruits of Verbena officinalis L., regulated angiogenesis and thereby improved functional outcomes after stroke and discovered a potential mechanism. The effects of cornin on proliferation of rat artery smooth muscle cell (RASMC) and signalling was investigated in vitro. Adult male rats were subjected to 1 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion and treated with or without 25 mg/kg of cornin, starting 24 h after ischemia and reperfusion, by continuous intravenous injection daily for 14 days...
January 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Kenneth Maiese
Diabetes mellitus affects almost 350 million individuals throughout the globe resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Of further concern is the growing population of individuals that remain undiagnosed but are susceptible to the detrimental outcomes of this disorder. Diabetes mellitus leads to multiple complications in the central and peripheral nervous systems that include cognitive impairment, retinal disease, neuropsychiatric disease, cerebral ischemia, and peripheral nerve degeneration. Although multiple strategies are being considered, novel targeting of trophic factors, Wnt signaling, Wnt1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1, and stem cell tissue regeneration are considered to be exciting prospects to overcome the cellular mechanisms that lead to neuronal injury in diabetes mellitus involving oxidative stress, apoptosis, and autophagy...
April 2015: Neural Regeneration Research
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