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Smartphone medicine

Andrea Farnham, Sarah Ziegler, Ulf Blanke, Emily Stone, Christoph Hatz, Milo A Puhan
Background: Despite the continuing growth of international tourism, very little research has been done on the link between individual risk attitudes and health behaviours during travel. Our study uses a validated risk-taking questionnaire (DOSPERT) and data from a smartphone application to study the association between pre-travel risk attitudes and the occurrence of behaviours during travel. Methods: A prospective cohort of travellers to Thailand used a smartphone application to answer a daily questionnaire about health behaviours and events...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
Yuri Álvarez López, Jacqueline Franssen, Guillermo Álvarez Narciandi, Janet Pagnozzi, Ignacio González-Pinto Arrillaga, Fernando Las-Heras Andrés
Radio frequency identification (RFID) has become a key technology in the logistics and management industry, thanks to distinctive features such as the low cost of RFID tags, and the easiness of the RFID tags' deployment and integration within the items to be tracked. In consequence, RFID plays a fundamental role in the so-called digital factory or 4.0 Industry, aiming to increase the level of automatization of industrial processes. In addition, RFID has also been found to be of great help in improving the tracking of patients, medicines, and medical assets in hospitals, where the digitalization of these operations improves their efficiency and safety...
August 13, 2018: Sensors
Iván Hernández-Neuta, Felix Neumann, Jacob Brightmeyer, Taleb Ba Tis, Narayanan Madaboosi, Qingshan Wei, Aydogan Ozcan, Mats Nilsson
Recent advancements in bioanalytical techniques have led to the development of novel and robust diagnostic approaches that hold promise for providing optimal patient treatment, guiding prevention programs and widening the scope of personalized medicine. However, these advanced diagnostic techniques are still complex, expensive and limited to centralized healthcare facilities or research laboratories. This significantly hinders the use of evidence-based diagnostics for resource-limited settings and the primary care, thus creating a gap between health care providers and patients and leaving these populations without access to precision and quality medicine...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
John E A Shenouda, Bethany S Davies, Inam Haq
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to junior doctor is one of the most challenging in medicine, affecting both doctor and patient health. Opportunities to support this transition have arisen from advances in mobile technology and increased smartphone ownership. METHODS: This qualitative study consisted of six in-depth interviews and two focus groups with Foundation Year 1 Trainees (intern doctors) and final year medical students within the same NHS Trust...
July 31, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Nghi C Nguyen, Kaveh Vejdani
Current positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and single photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT displays have major drawbacks, in that the CT only shows one tissue type at a time, which leads to a suboptimal fusion display. We developed a multipurpose CT level/window aiming at enhancing fusion display. A total of thirty CT examinations as part of fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT examinations (15 were open source from the OsiriX website and 15 from our PET facility) and the open-source software MIPAV were used...
July 2018: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Kate A Timmins, Mark A Green, Duncan Radley, Michelle A Morris, Jamie Pearce
There has been growing interest in the potential of 'big data' to enhance our understanding in medicine and public health. Although there is no agreed definition of big data, accepted critical components include greater volume, complexity, coverage and speed of availability. Much of these data are 'found' (as opposed to 'made'), in that they have been collected for non-research purposes, but could include valuable information for research. The aim of this paper is to review the contribution of 'found' data to obesity research to date, and describe the benefits and challenges encountered...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Peter Elsner, Andrea Bauer, Thomas Ludwig Diepgen, Hans Drexler, Manigé Fartasch, Swen Malte John, Sibylle Schliemann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Jörg Tittelbach
Teledermatology is the use of telecommunication technologies to exchange medical information for diagnosis, consultation, treatment and teaching in dermatology. While its use has been evaluated in a wide range of dermatological diagnoses, only few studies exist on its validity, diagnostic precision, feasibility, and cost-effectiveness in occupational dermatology. However, these studies show a considerable potential for diagnosis, prevention, treatment support and follow-up of patients with occupational skin diseases...
July 11, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Scott Eustace
Designing trials and studies to minimize confounding and bias is central to evidence-based medicine (EBM). The widespread use of recent technologies such as machine learning, smartphones, and the World Wide Web to collect, analyse, and disseminate information can improve the efficiency, reliability, and availability of medical research. However, it also has the potential to introduce new sources of significant, technology-induced evidential bias. This paper assesses the extent of the impact by reviewing some of the methods by and principles according to which evidence is collected, analysed, and disseminated in EBM, supported by specific examples...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Alexander Zargaran, Javier Ash, Georgina Kerry, Dara Rasasingam, Shyam Gokani, Aaina Mittal, David Zargaran
Technology advances in medicine have led to increased usage of smartphones and applications in facilitating provision of care. As the increased power of technology paves the way for advances, it is fundamental that ethical considerations are comprehensively explored. This paper explores the importance of consent, confidentiality, and data security in use of smartphone applications for transferring medical information.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
José da Conceição Carvalho Júnior, Alessandra Haddad, Lydia Masako Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop a free smartphone application with reliable and useful information for the lay public on the most frequently performed plastic surgeries worldwide. METHODS: The five most frequently performed surgeries worldwide according to ISAPS (International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery) were selected. Information from the websites of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) and Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery (SBCP) and from the Outpatient and Hospital Medicine Guide of the Plastic Surgery Division at the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) was used for content assembly...
July 2, 2018: Clinics
Thomas J G Chase, Adam Julius, Joht Singh Chandan, Emily Powell, Charles S Hall, Benedict Lyle Phillips, Ryan Burnett, Deborah Gill, Bimbi Fernando
BACKGROUND: Mobile learning (mLearning) devices (such as tablets and smartphones) are increasingly part of the clinical environment but there is a limited and somewhat conflicting literature regarding the impact of such devices in the clinical learning environment. This study aims to: assess the impact of mLearning devices in the clinical learning environment on medical students' studying habits, attitudes towards mobile device supported learning; and the perceived reaction of clinicians and patients to the use of these devices as part of learning in the clinical setting...
June 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Revathi Shekar, Brian C George, Jordan D Bohnen, Alessandro Villa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate a smartphone application, SIMPL, to optimize faculty guidance and oral medicine residents' performance, and to measure resident-faculty agreement for performance and supervision levels. STUDY DESIGN: Raters used the 5-level "Performance" scale to assess resident's readiness for independent practice and the 4-level Zwisch scale to assess faculty guidance, between June 2016 and June 2017. Junior residents were trainees with less than 18 months of training, and senior residents had more than 18 months of training...
May 29, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Juan M Calleja-Castillo, Gina Gonzalez-Calderon
Smartphone use is extremely common. Applications such as WhatsApp have billions of users and physicians are no exception. Stroke Medicine is a field where instant communication among fairly large groups is essential. In developing countries, economic limitations preclude the possibility of acquiring proper communication platforms. Thus, WhatsApp has been used as an organizational tool, for sharing clinical data, and for real time guidance of clinical care decisions. It has evolved into a cheap, accessible tool for telemedicine...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Deborah Davis, Rachel Davey, Lauren T Williams, Maralyn Foureur, Ellen Nohr, Catherine Knight-Agarwal, Tanya Lawlis, Jeremy Oats, Helen Skouteris, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of women gain excessive weight in pregnancy. Optimizing gestational weight gain is important for the short- and long-term health of the childbearing woman and her baby. Despite this, there is no recommendation for routine weighing in pregnancy, and weight is a topic that many maternity care providers avoid. Resource-intensive interventions have mainly targeted overweight and obese women with variable results. Few studies have examined the way that socioeconomic status might influence the effectiveness or acceptability of an intervention to participants...
May 30, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Keith M Diaz, Anusorn Thanataveerat, Faith E Parsons, Sunmoo Yoon, Ying Kuen Cheung, Carmela Alcantara, Andrea T Duran, Ipek Ensari, David J Krupka, Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Karina W Davidson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study, which used mobile technologies to continuously collect data over 1 year, was to examine the association of psychological stress with objectively measured sedentary behavior in adults at both the group (e.g. nomothetic approach) and individual (e.g. idiographic approach) level. METHODS: Data were collected in an observational study of healthy adults (n=79) residing in the New York City metro area who were studied for 365 days from 2014-2015...
May 24, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Vladyslav A Smiianov, Natalia O Dryha, Olha I Smiianova, Victor K Obodyak, Tatyana O Zudina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today mobile health`s protection service has no concrete meaning. As an research object it was called mHealth and named by Global observatory of electronic health`s protection as "Doctor and social health practice that can be supported by any mobile units (mobile phones or smartphones), units for patient`s health control, personal computers and other units of non-wired communication". An active usage of SMS in programs for patients` cure regimen keeping was quiet predictable...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
K Sureshkumar, G V S Murthy, Hannah Kuper
INTRODUCTION: The rising prevalence of stroke and stroke-related disability witnessed globally over the past decades may cause an overwhelming demand for rehabilitation services. This situation is of concern for low-income and middle-income countries like India where the resources for rehabilitation are often limited. Recently, a smartphone-enabled carer-supported educational intervention for management of physical disabilities following stroke was developed in India. It was found to be feasible and acceptable, but evidence of effectiveness is lacking...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Heiko Krumm, Nils Reiss, Malte Burkert, Thomas Schmidt, Steffen Biehs, Christian Bohr, Fabian Gürtler, Hendrik Horn, Philipp Kreutzer, Philipp Mewes, Hendrik Miller, Christian Riest, Christian Römer, Albert Seebold, Gertrude Sprung, Oliver Ziegler
In this paper, we present a system that allows patients who require anticoagulation medicine an opportunity to independently manage their dosage concentration with the help of two machine learning algorithms. The basic idea is to predict the next dosage by using a neuronal network and the model predictive control approach, both based on the history of data already available from patients. This machine learning system is expanded by an smartphone application for the patients, and a website for the doctors to support their patients...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Dongrui Wang, Yaokang Zhang, Xi Lu, Zhijun Ma, Chuan Xie, Zijian Zheng
Flexible and wearable electronics is one major technology after smartphones. It shows remarkable application potential in displays and informatics, robotics, sports, energy harvesting and storage, and medicine. As an indispensable part and the cornerstone of these devices, soft metal electrodes (SMEs) are of great significance. Compared with conventional physical processes such as vacuum thermal deposition and sputtering, chemical approaches for preparing SMEs show significant advantages in terms of scalability, low-cost, and compatibility with the soft materials and substrates used for the devices...
June 18, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Thomas Penzel, Christoph Schöbel, Ingo Fietze
Sleep medicine has been an expanding discipline during the last few decades. The prevalence of sleep disorders is increasing, and sleep centers are expanding in hospitals and in the private care environment to meet the demands. Sleep medicine has evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders. However, the number of sleep centers and caregivers in this area is not sufficient. Many new methods for recording sleep and diagnosing sleep disorders have been developed. Many sleep disorders are chronic conditions and require continuous treatment and monitoring of therapy success...
2018: F1000Research
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