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Smartphone medicine

Annette Sterr, James K Ebajemito, Kaare B Mikkelsen, Maria A Bonmati-Carrion, Nayantara Santhi, Ciro Della Monica, Lucinda Grainger, Giuseppe Atzori, Victoria Revell, Stefan Debener, Derk-Jan Dijk, Maarten DeVos
Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings represent a vital component of the assessment of sleep physiology, but the methodology presently used is costly, intrusive to participants, and laborious in application. There is a recognized need to develop more easily applicable yet reliable EEG systems that allow unobtrusive long-term recording of sleep-wake EEG ideally away from the laboratory setting. cEEGrid is a recently developed flex-printed around-the-ear electrode array, which holds great potential for sleep-wake monitoring research...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Bo Xie, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Jung Kwak, Kenneth R Fleischmann
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) technology holds promise for promoting health education and reducing health disparities and inequalities in underserved populations. However, little research has been done to develop mHealth interventions for family caregivers of people with dementia, particularly those in rural Hispanic communities, who often serve as surrogate decision makers for their relatives with dementia. OBJECTIVE: As part of a larger project to develop and test a novel, affordable, and easy-to-use mHealth intervention to deliver individually tailored materials in rural Hispanic communities, in this pilot study, we aimed to examine (1) characteristics of people with dementia and their family caregivers in rural Hispanic communities, (2) caregivers' preferences for types and amounts of health information and participation in surrogate decision making, and (3) caregivers' mobile device usage and their desire for receiving information via mobile devices...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Andrea M Russell, Samuel G Smith, Stacy C Bailey, Lisa T Belter, Anjali U Pandit, Laurie A Hedlund, Elizabeth A Bojarski, Steven R Rush, Michael S Wolf
Health systems and insurers alike are increasingly interested in leveraging mHealth (mobile health) tools to support patient health-related behaviors including medication adherence. However, these tools are not widely used by older patients. This study explores patient preferences for functionality in a smartphone application (app) that supports medication self-management among older adults with multiple chronic conditions. We conducted six discussion groups in Chicago, Miami, and Denver (N = 46). English-speaking older adults (55 and older) who owned smartphones and took five or more prescription medicines were invited to participate...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Elaine Ng, Chengyang Yao, Tyler O Shultz, Sara Ross-Howe, Shan X Wang
The advent of personalized medicine has brought an increased interest in personal health among general consumers. As a result, there is a great need for user-centric point-of-care (POC) health devices. Such devices are equally pertinent in developing countries or resource-limited settings for performing diagnostic tests. However, current POC tests for diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or leukocytosis, do not provide adequate levels of sensitivity or do not exist at all. Here, we extend our mobile magneto-nanosensor platform to point-of-care HIV and leukocytosis detection...
November 28, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
F Bartmann
The introduction of the stethoscope into medical diagnostics more than 200 years ago revolutionized medicine and the distribution of roles in the physician-patient relationship. For the first time the physician was in the position to perceive body and life phenomena in the patient, which remained hidden even to the patient. That was the beginning of a dependency relationship of the patient in the recognition and assessment of symptom-associated normal deviations, which is still continuing today. The continuous recording of health-relevant data by the patient, heralds a reversal of this data hegemony...
November 29, 2018: Der Internist
Snežana Jovičić, Joanna Siodmiak, Ian D Watson
Background Many of the mobile applications (apps) used for delivering health interventions involve laboratory medicine data. This survey was conducted to search the online market for health apps that manage laboratory medicine data. The aim was to review them and perform a quality evaluation. Methods Apps search criteria were "Lab results blood work", "Lab results", and "Health apps". After the stepwise exclusion process, 52 selected apps were downloaded and analyzed. For review and content analysis of the apps, a multidimensional tool for classifying and rating the quality of mobile health apps - Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS), was used...
November 29, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Ehsan Nabovati, Shima Anvari, Zahra Vahedpoor, Reihane Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence regarding the effects and the features of phone-based interventions to control gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: We included studies that evaluated the effects of phone-based interventions on controlling GWG. The characteristics of studies, effects, and features of interventions were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies met the inclusion criteria. Outcomes were categorized into three groups (GWG control, proportion of women returning to pre-pregnancy weight, and proportion of women who exceeded the Institute of Medicine recommendations for GWG)...
November 27, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Xenia L R Hoppenbrouwer, Parastoo Dehkordi, Aryannah U Rollinson, Dustin Dunsmuir, J Mark Ansermino, Guy Dumont, Ainara Garde
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common form of sleep-disordered breathing in children. The gold standard to screen for OSA, polysomnography (PSG), requires an overnight stay in the hospital and is resource intensive. The Phone Oximeter is a non-invasive smartphone-based tool to record pulse oximetry. This portable device is able to measure patients over multiple nights while at home, causing less sleep disturbance than PSG and is able to measure night to night variability in sleep. This study analyzed the Screen My Sleep children (SMS) dataset, in which 74 children were monitored over multiple nights with the Phone Oximeter, including one night simultaneously with PSG in the hospital and two nights at home...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Emilio Márquez Contreras, Sara Márquez Rivero, Elizabeth Rodríguez García, Lourdes López-García-Ramos, José Carlos Pastoriza Vilas, Agueda Baldonedo Suárez, Carmen Gracia Diez, Vicente Gil Guillén, Nieves Martell Claros
INTRO: Digital interventions, such as smartphone applications (APP), are becoming an increasingly common way to support medication adherence and self-management in chronic illness. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention in pharmacological therapeutic adherence of the mild-moderate arterial hypertension (AHT), through an APP installed in the mobile phone, as well as the degree of control reached by the patient with this tool. METHODS: Prospective, randomized controlled trial, full-study and multicenter study...
November 15, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Simon E Thurnheer, Isaac Gravestock, Giuseppe Pichierri, Johann Steurer, Jakob M Burgstaller
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common condition with a significant physical, psychosocial, and economic impact. Due to enormous progress in mobile device technology as well as the increase in smartphone ownership in the general population, mobile apps can be used to monitor patients with pain and support them in pain management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to assess the efficacy of smartphone or computer tablet apps in the management of patients with pain. METHODS: In December 2017, a literature search was performed in the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, and PsycINFO...
October 22, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Aldo Vagge, Kammi B Gunton, Bruce Schnall
Treatment compliance is the most important factor for predicting a successful outcome in amblyopia treatment. Electronic applications have been successfully employed in other medical conditions in an effort to improve compliance. AIM: To determine whether a smartphone medical adherence application (app) (RxmindMe® Prescription/Medicine Reminder and Pill Tracker) may be successfully incorporated into the treatment plan of patients 3-7 years of age who have not previously been treated for amblyopia...
October 16, 2018: Strabismus
H S Chhabra, Sunil Sharma, Shalini Verma
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) is emerging as the most convenient way to deliver rehabilitation services remotely, and collect outcomes in real time, thus contributing to disease management by transferring care from hospital to home. It facilitates accessibility to healthcare, enhances patients' understanding of their condition, and their willingness to engage in self-management, giving way to high-quality care to the satisfaction of both patients and healthcare professionals. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of using a smartphone app (called Snapcare) on pain and function in patients suffering from chronic low back pain...
November 2018: European Spine Journal
Pamela Vo, Nicolas Paris, Aikaterini Bilitou, Tomas Valena, Juanzhi Fang, Christel Naujoks, Ann Cameron, Frederic de Reydet de Vulpillieres, Francois Cadiou
INTRODUCTION: Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurring attacks that can cause severe disabling pain. This study described the burden of migraine as reported by individuals with migraine in the real world using a mobile application. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data captured through the Migraine Buddy© smartphone application from adult, self-diagnosed individuals with migraine in 17 European countries...
December 2018: Neurology and Therapy
Linda Van Horn, Alan Peaceman, Mary Kwasny, Eileen Vincent, Angela Fought, Jami Josefson, Bonnie Spring, Lisa M Neff, Niki Gernhofer
INTRODUCTION: Technology-enhanced antenatal diet and lifestyle intervention could prevent excess gestational weight gain and benefit mother and child. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese ethnically diverse pregnant women in Chicago, Illinois, were enrolled between October 2012 and December 2015, with antenatal data collection completed by July 2016. Analysis was completed June 2017. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized when their fetus was gestational age 16 weeks to dietitian-led Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet and physical activity coaching that was received as three individual and six group counseling sessions by phone and webinar...
November 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Yan Qiu, Ying Liu, Wen Ren, Yunqing Qiu, Jingjing Ren
BACKGROUND: Globally, mHealth is increasing as a promising technology for promoting the quality of health care. Thus, a growing number of internet hospitals have been established in China to avail all its advantages. However, no study has investigated the service scope and patient satisfaction of the internet hospital to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to explore the features of outpatients in general practice, the disease information, and the satisfaction through an internet rating site...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
John Torous, Adam Haim
The uptake and clinical adoption of digital mental health tools, such as smartphone apps, remain limited. Although some technology barriers remain, the greatest challenges are no longer technical. Instead, dichotomous directions and efforts divide the space and limit the potential of digital tools. This column focuses on six of these dichotomies, including randomized trials versus pragmatic studies, precision medicine versus population health, free market versus regulation, consumer versus clinical uses, big data versus privacy, and open versus proprietary software...
September 26, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
G Fagherazzi, P Ravaud
Digital medicine, digital research and artificial intelligence (AI) have the power to transform the field of diabetes with continuous and no-burden remote monitoring of patients' symptoms, physiological data, behaviours, and social and environmental contexts through the use of wearables, sensors and smartphone technologies. Moreover, data generated online and by digital technologies - which the authors suggest be grouped under the term 'digitosome' - constitute, through the quantity and variety of information they represent, a powerful potential for identifying new digital markers and patterns of risk that, ultimately, when combined with clinical data, can improve diabetes management and quality of life, and also prevent diabetes-related complications...
September 19, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
Kirsten Gunderson, Sarah Sullivan, Charles Warner-Hillard, Ryan Thompson, Jacob A Greenberg, Eugene F Foley, Hee Soo Jung
OBJECTIVE: The System for Improving and Measuring Procedural Learning (SIMPL) smartphone application allows physicians to provide dictated feedback to surgical residents. The impact of this novel feedback medium on the quality of feedback is unknown. Our objective was to compare the delivery and quality of best-case operative performance feedback given via SIMPL to feedback given in-person. DESIGN: We collected operative performance feedback given both in-person and via SIMPL from surgeons to residents over 6 weeks...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Alaa Aziz Alhazmi, Sami H Alzahrani, Mukhtiar Baig, Emad M Salawati, Ahmad Alkatheri
Objective: To investigate smartphone addiction among medical students and to determine factors associated with smartphone addiction among sixth-year medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 203 sixth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during July 2017. Data analysis was done using SPSS-20. Results: The number of completed questionnaires received was181 out of 203, making a response rate of 89%...
July 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Donghua Ma, Kangwen Cheng, Ping Ding, Hongyan Li, Ping Wang
WeChat is a smartphone application that may help patients self-manage peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), although additional data are needed regarding this topic. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine whether WeChat helped improve PICC-related complications, self-care ability, PICC maintenance dependency in that the behavior of a patient is in compliance with a doctor's order or a will, knowledge mastery, and satisfaction among patients with a PICC. The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China Biology Medicine, China national Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Wiper, and Baidu Scholar databases were searched to identify related reports that were published up to April 2018...
2018: PloS One
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