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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676471/vitamin-d3-regulates-steroidogenesis-in-granulosa-cells-through-amp-activated-protein-kinase-ampk-activation-in-a-mouse-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Shabnam Bakhshalizadeh, Fardin Amidi, Reza Shirazi, Maryam Shabani Nashtaei
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine and metabolic disorder in reproductive-aged women. Hormonal abnormality caused by steroidogenesis disturbances appears to be the main culprit of the clinical picture in PCOS. Vitamin D3 could regulate steroidogenesis in granulosa cells, but the mechanism of action of vitamin D3 on steroidogenesis remains unknown. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has a modulating role in steroid hormone production. We investigated the effect of vitamin D3 on steroidogenesis in cultured granulosa cells of dehydroepiandrosterone-induced PCOS mice and studied the involvement of AMPK signalling pathway in the current process...
April 20, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676088/-explore-microcosmic-connection-between-autophagy-mechanism-and-follicular-development-based-on-kidney-governing-reproduction-theory
#2
REVIEW
Jun Bai, Ke-Ming Wu, Ran-Ran Gao
In the theory of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) that "kidney storing essence and governing reproduction", reproductive essence is an important part of the kidney essence and acts as the original material of offspring embryos. Sperm, oocyte and zygote should be all included in the range of reproductive essence. Ovum is the essence of reproduction from inborn. The follicles maturation depends on the quality of oocyte and the vigor of kidney essence. Meanwhile, discharge of mature ovum relies on the stimulation and promotion by kidney Qi...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670172/acetylcholine-and-necroptosis-are-players-in-follicular-development-in-primates
#3
Yongrui Du, Konstantin Bagnjuk, Maralee S Lawson, Jing Xu, Artur Mayerhofer
Acetylcholine (ACh) in the ovary and its actions were linked to survival of human granulosa cells in vitro and improved fertility of rats in vivo. These effects were observed upon experimental blockage of the ACh-degrading enzyme (ACH esterase; ACHE), by Huperzine A. We now studied actions of Huperzine A in a three-dimensional culture of macaque follicles. Because a form of programmed necrotic cell death, necroptosis, was previously identified in human granulosa cells in vitro, we also studied actions of necrostatin-1 (necroptosis inhibitor)...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668981/wnts-role-in-bovine-folliculogenesis-and-estrogen-production
#4
B I Gomez, B H Aloqaily, C A Gifford, D M Hallford, J A Hernandez Gifford
Appreciation of mechanisms that affect steroidogenesis is critical to identifying compromising signals that may decrease reproductive efficiency. Follicle maturation and steroidogenesis requires coordinated actions from the pituitary gonadotropins, and local ovarian signaling molecules. Beta-catenin (CTNNB1), the lynchpin molecule of canonical wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site (WNT) signaling is required for maximal gonadotropin stimulation of steroid production from granulosa (GC) and luteal cells...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668890/luteinizing-hormone-facilitates-antral-follicular-maturation-and-survival-via-thecal-paracrine-signaling-in-cattle
#5
Katsushige Hattori, Makoto Orisaka, Shin Fukuda, Kimihisa Tajima, Yukiko Yamazaki, Tetsuya Mizutani, Yoshio Yoshida
The use of LH supplementation in assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles improves the ongoing pregnancy rate in women with poor ovarian response (POR). However, our knowledge of the precise role of LH during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle is incomplete. To explore the role of LH in the maturation of small antral follicles, we used an in vitro two-cell system that involved co-culturing bovine granulosa cells (GC) and theca cells (TC) on a collagen membrane. Treatment of TC with LH stimulated androgen production in TC by inducing the expression of androgenic factors, subsequently increasing estrogen biosynthesis in GC by providing androgen substrates and inducing aromatase expression...
April 13, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668885/follicle-capacitation-a-meta-analysis-to-investigate-the-transcriptome-dynamics-following-fsh-decline-in-bovine-granulosa-cells
#6
David A Landry, Marc-André Sirard
In recent years, exciting progress was made to improve the embryo outcome after ovarian stimulation in domestic animals. The practice of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) withdrawal, which is defined as the period of time between the last injection of FSH and oocyte retrieval, resulted in embryo yields significantly superior. Since then, specific changes in the transcriptome of granulosa cells were associated with the increase and also the decline in oocyte developmental competence following the FSH decline...
April 14, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668880/restraint-induced-crh-elevation-triggers-apoptosis-of-ovarian-cells-and-impairs-oocyte-competence-via-activation-of-the-fas-fasl-system
#7
Chuan-Yong Li, Zhi-Bin Li, Qiao-Qiao Kong, Xiao Han, Bin Xiao, Xiao Li, Zhong-Le Chang, Jing-He Tan
Mechanisms by which psychological stress damages oocytes are largely undetermined. Although a previous study showed that the stress-induced corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) elevation impaired oocyte competence by triggering apoptosis of ovarian cells, how CRH causes apoptosis in ovarian cells and oocytes is unknown. In this study, we have examined the hypothesis that restraint stress (RS)-induced CRH elevation triggers apoptosis of ovarian cells and impairs oocyte competence through activating the Fas/FasL system...
April 16, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667339/adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-operable-granulosa-cell-tumors-of-the-ovary-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-cohort-study
#8
Anton Oseledchyk, Renee L Gennarelli, Mario M Leitao, Carol A Aghajanian, Alexia Iasonos, Oliver Zivanovic, Dmitriy Zamarin
Adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended for patients with resected high-risk adult granulosa cell tumors (GCT), although strong data to support this are lacking. The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of GCT patients, with the specific focus on patients that received adjuvant chemotherapy with curative intent (stage I-III), reported in a large national cancer registry. Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2000 and 2013 were used for analysis. Patient and disease characteristics were extracted and analyzed for association with administration of chemotherapy...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665458/granulosa-cell-tumor-of-ovary-a-systematic-review-of-recent-evidence
#9
EDITORIAL
Gabriel Levin, Roy Zigron, Rani Haj-Yahya, Liat S Matan, Amihai Rottenstreich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665451/tgf-%C3%AE-1-resulting-in-differential-microrna-expression-in-bovine-granulosa-cells
#10
Yefen Xu, Jiaqiang Niu, Guangying Xi, Xuezhi Niu, Yuheng Wang, Ming Guo, Qiangba Yangzong, Yilong Yao, Suolang Sizhu, Jianhui Tian
To explore the expression profile of the cellular miRNAs in bovine ovarian granulosa cells responding to transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), the effect of TGF-β1 on cell proliferation was firstly investigated by CCK-8 method and the results showed that there was a significant inhibitory effect on bovine granulosa cell proliferation treated with 5/10 ng/mL human recombinant TGF-β1 for 24 h compared to the control (P < 0.05). Then, we performed high-throughput sequencing of two small RNA libraries prepared from cultured bovine granulosa cells stimulated with or without 10 ng/mL human recombinant TGF-β1...
April 14, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661134/transcriptome-analysis-of-granulosa-cells-after-conventional-vs-long-fsh-induced-superstimulation-in-cattle
#11
F C F Dias, M I R Khan, M A Sirard, G P Adams, J Singh
BACKGROUND: Prolongation of superstimulatory treatment appears to be associated with a greater superovulatory response and with greater oocyte maturation in cattle. A genome-wide bovine oligo-microarray was used to compare the gene expression of granulosa cells collected from ovarian follicles after differing durations of the growing phase induced by exogenous FSH treatment. Cows were given a conventional (4-day) or long (7-day) superstimulatory treatment (25 mg FSH im at 12-h intervals; n = 6 per group), followed by prostaglandin treatment with last FSH and LH treatment 24 h later...
April 16, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661099/mir-125b-contributes-to-ovarian-granulosa-cell-apoptosis-through-targeting-bmpr1b-a-major-gene-for-sheep-prolificacy
#12
Yilong Yao, Anwaier Reheman, Yefei Xu, Qifa Li
Bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1B (BMPR1B) is a major gene for ovine ovulation rate and litter size, which plays a crucial role in follicle development. However, its role and regulation in the ovine granulosa cells (GCs) are unclear. Here, we showed that silencing of BMPR1B enhanced cell apoptosis, whereas overexpression of BMPR1B inhibited cell apoptosis in the ovine GCs. Luciferase reporter assays revealed that BMPR1B is a target of miR-125b, and miR-125b reduced BMPR1B messenger RNA and protein levels in the ovine GCs by directly binding to the 3' untranslated region of the ovine BMPR1B gene...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660837/dicer1-hotspot-mutations-in-ovarian-gynandroblastoma
#13
Yemin Wang, Anthony N Karnezis, Jamie Magrill, Basile Tessier-Cloutier, Amy Lum, Janine Senz, C Blake Gilks, W Glenn McCluggage, David G Huntsman, Friedrich Kommoss
AIMS: Gynandroblastoma is a rare ovarian sex cord-stromal tumor characterized by the presence of both male (Sertoli and/or Leydig cells) and female (granulosa cells) components. We investigated the mutational status of DICER1, FOXL2 and AKT1 genes at hotspot regions that are known to be the key driving events in the development of Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT), adult granulosa cell tumor (aGCT) and juvenile granulosa cell tumor (jGCT), respectively, to gain insights into the molecular pathogenesis of gynandroblastoma...
April 16, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653259/bisphenol-a-and-its-derivatives-decrease-expression-of-chemerin-which-reverses-its-stimulatory-action-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#14
Marta Hoffmann, Agnieszka Rak, Anna Ptak
Chemerin is an adipocyte-secreted protein that associates with obesity, inflammation, metabolic dysfunction, and carcinogenesis. Previous studies have shown human granulosa cells to produce bioactive chemerin and its receptor CMKLR1. In the present study, we demonstrated that the mRNA level of chemerin receptor is higher in a granulosa cell tumor cell line than in epithelial cancer cells, whereas chemerin expression and secretion were lower. Various exogenous factors, such as bisphenol A and its halogenated derivatives tetrabromobisphenol A and tetrachlorobisphenol A, can affect adipokine expression...
April 10, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648638/ovulatory-induction-of-scg2-in-human-non-human-primate-and-rodent-granulosa-cells-stimulates-ovarian-angiogenesis
#15
Patrick R Hannon, Diane M Duffy, Katherine L Rosewell, Mats Brännström, James W Akin, Thomas E Curry
The luteinizing hormone (LH) surge is essential for ovulation, but the intrafollicular factors induced by LH that mediate ovulatory processes (e.g. angiogenesis) are poorly understood, especially in women. The role of secretogranin II (SCG2) and its cleaved bioactive peptide, secretoneurin (SN), were investigated as potential novel mediators of ovulation by testing the hypothesis that SCG2/SN is induced in granulosa cells by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), via a downstream LH receptor signaling mechanism, and stimulates ovarian angiogenesis...
April 10, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643837/insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-proteins-and-igfbp-proteases-a-dynamic-system-regulating-the-ovarian-folliculogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Sabine Mazerbourg, Philippe Monget
The aim of the present article is to update our understanding of the expression of the insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs), IGFBP proteases and their implication in the different processes of ovarian folliculogenesis in mammals. In the studied species, IGFs and several small-molecular weight IGFBPs (in particular IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-4) are considered, respectively, as stimulators and inhibitors of follicular growth and maturation. IGFs play a key role in sensitizing ovarian granulosa cells to FSH action during terminal follicular growth...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628021/regulation-by-3-5-3-tri-iodothyronine-and-fsh-of-cytochrome-p450-family-19-cyp19-expression-in-mouse-granulosa-cells
#17
Juan Liu, Yingying Han, Ye Tian, Xuechun Weng, Xusong Hu, Wenbo Liu, Dai Heng, Kaili Xu, Yanzhou Yang, Cheng Zhang
Cytochrome P450 family 19 (CYP19) plays an important role in follicular development, which is regulated by FSH. Although 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3) combines with FSH to induce preantral follicle growth and granulosa cell development, the mechanism involved remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which thyroid hormone (TH) and FSH regulate CYP19 expression and sterol biosynthesis during preantral follicle growth. Mice were injected subcutaneously (s...
April 9, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626608/regulation-and-function-of-runt-related-transcription-factors-runx1-and-runx2-in-goat-granulosa-cells
#18
Kexin Gao, Peijie Wang, Jiayin Peng, Junjun Xue, Kaiwen Chen, Yuxuan Song, Jiangang Wang, Guang Li, Xiaopeng An, Binyun Cao
Transcription factors, runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) and 2 (RUNX2), belong to the runt-related (RUNX) gene family and play critical roles in mammalian reproduction processes. However, the regulatory mechanisms of RUNX1 and RUNX2 expression or their functions in goat follicles remain largely unknown. Herein, RUNX1 and RUNX2 proteins were detected in the oocytes and granulosa cells of preantral and antral follicles, as well as corpus luteum by immunohistochemistry. Treatments with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or with the agonists and inhibitors of hCG-induced intracellular signaling pathways in granulosa cells in vitro, we found that hCG increased RUNX1 expression by activating PKC and PI3K signaling molecules, and increased RUNX2 expression by activating adenylate cyclase, PKC, and PI3K signaling molecules...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626103/role-of-rab5a-in-fshr-mediated-signal-transduction-in-human-granulosa-cells
#19
Kai Zhu, Shang Li, Jiansheng Liu, Yan Hong, Zi-Jiang Chen, Yanzhi Du
Polycystic ovary syndrome, a common condition characterized by endocrine dysfunction, menstrual irregularity, anovulation, and polycystic ovaries, affects 5%-7% of reproductive-age women. RAB5B, which is identified by a genome-wide association study as a risk locus for this syndrome, encodes a small GTPase involved in control of receptor internalization and early endosome fusion. We found that RAB5A mRNA levels in luteinized granulosa cells of obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome were lower than in those of obese women without the syndrome...
April 6, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619874/regulatory-roles-of-ephrina5-and-its-novel-signaling-pathway-in-mouse-primary-granulosa-cell-apoptosis-and-proliferation
#20
Tesfaye Worku, Kai Wang, Duncan Ayers, Di Wu, Zia Ur Rehman, Hao Zhou, Liguo Yang
Recent findings suggest that ephrinA5 (Efna5) has a novel role in female mouse fertility, in addition to its well-defined role as a neurogenesis factor. Nevertheless, its physiological roles in ovarian granulosa cells (GC) have not been determined. In this study, mouse GC were cultured and transfected with ephrin A5 siRNA and negative control to determine the effects of Efna5 on GC apoptosis, proliferation, cell cycle progression, and related signaling pathways. To understand the mode signaling, the mRNA expression levels of Efna5 receptors (Eph receptor A5, Eph receptor A3, Eph receptor A8, and Eph receptor B2) were examined...
April 5, 2018: Cell Cycle
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