Read by QxMD icon Read

gender discrimination

Saujanya Karki, Jari Päkkilä, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Marja Ojaniemi, Vuokko Anttonen
BACKGROUND: There is a need for national- or ethnicity-specific growth reference values in developing countries like Nepal where rapid urbanisation and consequential nutritional transition is taking place. AIM: To establish national growth reference percentiles for anthropometric indices, and to propose body mass index (BMI) cut-off values for Nepalese schoolchildren. METHODS: This study comprised 1135 Nepalese schoolchildren of four World Health Organization (WHO) indexed age groups (5-, 6-, 12-, and 15-year-olds)...
October 15, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Kenan Karbeyaz, Yeşim Yeti Ş, Ayhan Güneş, Ümit Şi Mşek
INTRODUCTION: and Objective: Femicide can be defined as violence caused by gender discrimination which results in the death of a woman. In this study, the characteristics of the femicide cases of the last 25 years that have been encountered in Eskisehir, Turkey will be evaluated. It is intended for this article to make a valuable contribution to the existing literature on femicide by adding new data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Female subjects in Eskişehir who were killed by their partner (husband, boyfriend, ex-husband or ex-boyfriend) during the 25-year period between 1992 and 2016 were included in this study...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Denise Medico, Adèle Zufferey
Since 2011, a significant amount of evidence has been published on transgender children and adolescents, highlighting their needs and the best health and social practices. They are more at risk of suicide, discrimination, depression. Today, we better understand that the main causal factor linked with negative experiences is to be found in direct and indirect discriminations, subsequently causing personal and relational difficulties. When transgender youth are fully accepted and supported in their desired gender, they do not significantly differ from other youth...
October 3, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Kimberley S van Schooten, Lionne Duran, Maike Visschedijk, Mirjam Pijnappels, Stephen R Lord, James Richardson, Kim Delbaere
BACKGROUND: Reduced cognitive function, particularly executive function (EF), is associated with an increased risk of falling in older people. We evaluated the utility of the ReacStick test, a clinical test of reaction time, and inhibitory EF developed, for young athletes, for fall-risk assessment in older people. AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of ReacStick measures of reaction time and executive functioning in healthy community-dwelling older people...
October 9, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
N Nakkeeran, Barathi Nakkeeran
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on inequities in health in the context of disability, mental health, sexual orientation and gender identity (The authors' location outside of these identities is acknowledged as a serious limitation in discussing experience as a framework to understand health inequity in the dimensions of disability, mental health, sexual orientation and gender identity). These are dimensions that lead to health inequity primarily through the pathways of stigma and discrimination...
October 9, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Susan Sierau, Lars Otto White, Annette Maria Klein, Jody Todd Manly, Kai von Klitzing, Philipp Yorck Herzberg
Child victims' reports of psychological and physical abuse by caregivers are a fundamental source of information beyond official records and caregiver reports. However, few or no sensitive and age-appropriate child-report instruments exist that have undergone in-depth validity and reliability testing across a broad age-range. Our study addresses this gap by examining psychometric properties of a picture-based, modularized version of the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale (CTSPC-R), encompassing the maltreatment subtypes of psychological and physical abuse...
2018: PloS One
Michelle Telfer, Fiona Kelly, Debi Feldman, Georgie Stone, Rebekah Robertson, Zeffie Poulakis
Transgender children and adolescents face hardships in all domains of their lives, with many experiencing family rejection, social exclusion, discrimination, bullying and assaults. The mental health implications of these experiences include high rates of depression, anxiety, self-harm and attempted suicide. Gender-affirming social support and medical treatment has been shown to ameliorate the poor mental health outcomes of transgender youth, with those who are supported in their social and medical transition reporting rates of depression and self-worth equivalent to general population levels...
October 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Naomi Sterk, Loes Meeussen, Colette Van Laar
Previous research has revealed that women may attempt to avoid negative gender stereotypes in organizations through self-group distancing, or "queen bee", behaviors: emphasizing masculine qualities, distancing themselves from other women, and legitimizing organizational inequality. Factors that increase self-group distancing have been identified (e.g., existing discrimination and low group identification), but it is unknown how self-group distancing by an ingroup leader is perceived by and affects subordinates of the negatively stereotyped group...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Nicholas Xiao, Diego F M Oliveira, Ramona Gupta
PURPOSE: To determine the representation of female interventional radiology (IR) investigators and elucidate possible gender-specific disparities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 4,884 original, peer-reviewed articles from 2006-2017 in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology and CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. Data abstraction and statistical analysis were performed for first and senior author gender, citations, and grants. RESULTS: We found that 84% of first authors and 91...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Vanessa E Miller, Charles Poole, Yvonne Golightly, Deborah Barrett, Ding-Geng Chen, Richard Ohrbach, Joel D Greenspan, Roger B Fillingim, Gary D Slade
High-impact (disabling) pain diminishes quality of life and increases health care costs. The purpose of this study was to identify variables that distinguish between high and low-impact pain among individuals with painful temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Community-dwelling adults (n=846) with chronic TMD completed standardized questionnaires assessing the following: 1) sociodemographic, 2) psychological distress, 3) clinical pain, and 4) experimental pain. We used high-impact pain, classified using the Graded Chronic Pain Scale, as the dependent variable in logistic regression modeling to evaluate contributions of variables from each domain...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
H M Warren-Forward
INTRODUCTION: There is a projected shortage of radiographers working in breast screening in Australia. This study aimed to examine the perceived barriers and potential incentives among current undergraduate diagnostic radiography students to train, specialise and work in mammography. METHODS: A survey was undertaken to assess students' experience of six modalities during both University study and clinical practice. Students were asked to rank their priority of which they would want to specialise and if training and working in mammography was an option...
November 2018: Radiography
Julian Matthews, Jamin Wu, Vanessa Corneille, Jakob Hohwy, Jeroen van Boxtel, Naotsugu Tsuchiya
In visual search of natural scenes, differentiation of briefly fixated but task-irrelevant distractor items from incidental memory is often comparable to explicit memorization. However, many characteristics of incidental memory remain unclear, including the capacity for its conscious retrieval. Here, we examined incidental memory for faces in either upright or inverted orientation using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP). Subjects were instructed to detect a target face in a sequence of 8-15 faces cropped from natural scene photographs (Experiment 1)...
October 5, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Fazila Aloweni, Shin Yuh Ang, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Nurliyana Agus, Patricia Yong, Meh Meh Goh, Lisa Tucker-Kellogg, Rick Chai Soh
Surgical patients are prone to developing hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPU). Therefore, a better prediction tool is needed to predict risk using preoperative data. This study aimed to determine, from previously published HAPU risk factors, which factors are significant among our surgical population and to develop a prediction tool that identifies pressure ulcer risk before the operation. A literature review was first performed to elicit all the published HAPU risk factors before conducting a retrospective case-control study using medical records...
October 5, 2018: International Wound Journal
Young Min Choe, Min Soo Byun, Jun Ho Lee, Bo Kyung Sohn, Dong Young Lee, Jee Wook Kim
Purpose: Despite their high prevalence in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and the increasing level of concern they have generated, subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are poorly understood. This study investigated the accuracy with which SMC can separate mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early AD from cognitive normal (CN), and explored whether the discrimination ability is similar to or better than that of the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). Patients and methods: This study recruited 175 CN subjects, 52 with MCI, and 66 with probable AD aged 60 years or older...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Linda P Juang, Yishan Shen, Catherine L Costigan, Yang Hou
The aim of our study was twofold: to examine (a) whether the link between racial discrimination and adjustment showed age-related changes across early to late adolescence for Chinese-heritage youth and (b) whether the age-related associations of the discrimination-adjustment link differed by gender, nativity, and geographical region. We pooled two independently collected longitudinal data sets in the United States and Canada (N = 498, ages 12-19 at Wave 1) and used time-varying effect modeling to show that discrimination is consistently associated with poorer adjustment across all ages...
October 5, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
Rochelle Melina Kinson, Charlene Hon, Helen Lee, Edimansyah Bin Abdin, Swapna Verma
Stigma and discrimination in psychotic illness has not been robustly studied in those presenting with their first episode of psychosis (FEP). We prospectively examined patterns of stigma and discrimination one year after index presentation with FEP and correlates with baseline demographic, symptom burden, depression and level of functioning. We surveyed 101 subjects using the Discrimination and Stigma Scale-12 (DISC-12) and administered the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Global Assessment of Function (GAF) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Cheryl Green
Exclusionary behaviors can be detrimental to the health and well-being of faculty in the workplace. When colleagues are judged by their peers because of the color of their skin, the language they speak, their gender, or who they choose to love (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, asexual, or questioning), affected faculty are left emotionally and physically vulnerable. Institutions of higher learning must set standards of zero tolerance for faculty-to-faculty incivility. With standards taken from each faculty discipline, codes of conduct can be implemented not only at a departmental level, but also throughout the educational system...
July 2018: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
Clara Li, Judith Neugroschl, Carolyn W Zhu, Mari Umpierre, Jane Martin, Xiaoyi Zeng, Qiying Huang, Hillel Grossman, Dongming Cai, Mary Sano
ABSTRACTObjectives:This study aimed to determine the diagnostic utility of a Chinese test battery for evaluating cognitive loss in elderly Chinese Americans. METHODS: Data from a pilot study at the Mount Sinai Alzheimer's Disease Research Center was examined. All participants were > 65 years old, primarily Chinese speaking, with adequate sensorimotor capacity to complete cognitive tests. A research diagnosis of normal mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer's disease (AD) was assigned to each participant in consensus conference...
October 2, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Chris S Ivanoff, Diana M Luan, Timothy L Hottel, Bogomil Andonov, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Reena R Kumar, Mark Scarbecz
As women enter the dental profession in increasing numbers in North America and around the world, the questions of how they perceive their environment and what kind of barriers they face are important subjects to be addressed. The aim of this study was to assess and compare women dental students' perceptions of bias in their environment and experiences of sexual misconduct at one dental school in each of four countries. In spring 2017, 1,293 female students at four dental schools in the U.S., Bulgaria, Brazil, and India were invited to participate in a 24-item survey developed by researchers from the four countries; 990 students responded (response rate 76...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Background : Gender may alter African Americans' vulnerability to discrimination. The type of outcomes that follow exposure to discrimination may also be gender-specific. Although teacher discrimination is known to deteriorate school performance, it is yet unknown whether male and female African American youth differ in the effect of teacher discrimination on school performance. Objective : This cross-sectional study explored the moderating role of gender on the effect of teacher discrimination on school performance in a national sample of African American youth...
September 30, 2018: Brain Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"