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Trabeculectomy outcome

Deepti Mittal, Madhu Bhoot, Suneeta Dubey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Zhihua Zhang, Yuyu Miao, Jing Wang, Minwen Zhou, Mingshui Fu, Ying Wang
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify levels of three matricellular proteins in the aqueous humor in patients with previous acute primary angle closure (APAC) and investigate their correlation with bleb morphology and surgical outcomes of trabeculectomy. Methods: In this prospective study, aqueous humor samples were collected from 40 previous APAC eyes. Concentrations of three matricellular proteins-secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), thrombospondin-2, and osteopontin-were measured using multiplexed immunoassays kits...
August 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Nozomi Igarashi, Megumi Honjo, Makoto Kurano, Yutaka Yatomi, Koji Igarashi, Kuniyuki Kano, Junken Aoki, Makoto Aihara
We explored the potential relevance of aqueous lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and autotaxin (ATX) levels on postoperative outcomes of trabeculectomy, and the effects of ATX on fibrotic response in cultured human conjunctiva fibroblast (HCF) cells. We enrolled 70 glaucomatous eyes which underwent trabeculectomy, and quantified aqueous LPA and ATX. Those eyes were followed up for 12 months, and postoperative filtering blebs were evaluated using anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Also, the ATX-induced fibrotic changes in HCFs and the effects of an ATX inhibitor were assessed...
July 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Andrew H Nguyen, Nima Fatehi, Pablo Romero, Arezoo Miraftabi, EunAh Kim, Esteban Morales, JoAnn Giaconi, Anne L Coleman, Simon K Law, Joseph Caprioli, Kouros Nouri-Mahdavi
Importance: There is evidence that patients of African descent (AD) experience higher surgical failure rate after trabeculectomy without antimetabolites. Objective: To compare outcomes of initial trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in AD patients with those of patients of European descent (ED) and to identify prognostic factors for failure. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective matched cohort study, 135 eyes of 105 AD patients were matched with 135 eyes of 117 ED patients by age (within 5 years), surgeon, lens status, and follow-up time (within 1 year) from a single tertiary academic center...
July 19, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Esma Islamaj, René J Wubbels, Peter W T de Waard
PURPOSE: To compare a Baerveldt implant and trabeculectomy with respect to intraocular pressure (IOP) and failure rate at 1 year of follow-up. Secondary outcomes are pharmacological therapy and complications at 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: This was a randomized, comparative study. A total of 119 glaucoma patients without previous ocular surgery were included at the Rotterdam Eye Hospital, the Netherlands. One eye of each subject was randomized to either a Baerveldt glaucoma drainage device (BGI) or trabeculectomy (TE)...
July 19, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Phillip M Radke, Tal Rubinstein, Steven Hamilton, Annisa Jamil, Bryan S Sires
INTRODUCTION: Trans-lamina cribrosa pressure has been postulated to be a contributor in the development of a glaucomatous optic nerve versus optic nerve edema, depending on the pressure gradient. Uncertainty remains in the therapeutic outcome of adjusting this gradient. CASE REPORT: We discuss a unique case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension presenting as asymmetric optic disc edema following trabeculectomy. It was treated via optic nerve fenestration due to the patient remaining symptomatic on maximum tolerated acetazolamide...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Ya-Long Dang, Xiao Wang, Wan-Wei Dai, Ping Huang, Nils A Loewen, Chun Zhang
AIM: To evaluate the 2-year efficacy and safety of ab interno trabeculectomy with the Trabectome in Chinese primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective, observational study and included POAG patients with or without visually-significant cataracts. The Chinese patients were enrolled from three glaucoma centers and a group of comparable Japanese POAG patients was analyzed from our international Trabectome database. The patients received Trabectome or a combined surgery with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Martin Q Diep, Michele C Madigan
Choroidal detachments occur when there is an accumulation of fluid or blood in the suprachoroidal space, a potential space situated between the choroid and the sclera. They are an uncommon ocular pathology. The most common cause of choroidal detachment is secondary to trabeculectomy; however, there are other causes such as trauma and inflammation. Clinically, choroidal detachments may vary in presentation from asymptomatic, to very poor vision, severe ocular pain, vomiting and nausea. Ocular findings associated with choroidal detachments include serous retinal detachment, secondary angle closure, and a very shallow anterior chamber...
July 4, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Nazimul Hussain, Anjli Hussain, Niaz Ahmad Khan
A 39-year-old lady with past history of vitreoretinal surgery for retinal detachment and cataract surgery with Intraocular lens implantation was diagnosed as uncontrolled glaucoma. She had high myopia. She underwent Trabeculectomy and following which she presented with massive suprachoroidal hemorrhage in the first postoperative day with severe loss of vision. This case depicts the risk of suprachoroidal hemorrhage in a high myopic vitrectomised eye following glaucoma filtration surgery. It also demonstrates a favorable outcome following intervention for postoperative Suprachoroidal hemorrhage...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Jessica Qian Hui Choo, Ziyou David Chen, Victor Koh, Shen Liang, Cecilia Maria Aquino, Chelvin Sng, Paul Chew
PURPOSE: There is a lack of long-term Asian studies on the efficacy and safety of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation. This study seeks to determine the outcomes and complications of AGV implantation in Asians. METHODS: Retrospective review of AGV surgeries performed at a single centre in Singapore was conducted. 76 patients with primary and secondary glaucoma who underwent their first AGV surgery from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2012 were considered for our study...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Audrey Chow, Bruce Burkemper, Rohit Varma, Damien C Rodger, Narsing Rao, Grace M Richter
BACKGROUND: Uveitis is defined as a collection of syndromes involving intraocular inflammation which can lead to pain, tissue damage, and vision loss. Ophthalmic surgery in uveitis patients can be challenging due to inflammation-induced fibrosis and scarring. Trabeculectomy and implantation of glaucoma drainage devices (aqueous shunts) have been used in surgical management of uveitic glaucoma, however there is a paucity of literature examining the comparative results of these entities in this unique setting...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Sasan Moghimi, Nikoo Hamzeh, Massood Mohammadi, Nassim Khatibi, Christopher Bowd, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of phacoemulsification combined with viscocanalostomy, endocyclophotocoagulation (ECP), or ab interno trabulectomy for intraocular pressure (IOP) control and safety in eyes with open-angle glaucoma and visually significant cataract. SETTING: Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records of patients who had combined surgery and were followed for at least 1 year were reviewed...
May 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Chu-Yu Yen, Gow-Lieng Tseng
RATIONALE: Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) is one of the most aggressive types of glaucoma in clinical practice. The outcomes are unsatisfactory despite the successful trabeculectomy with glaucoma shunt insertion. PATIENT CONCERNS: EX-PRESS Glaucoma Filtration Device (Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, TX), which is used in open-angle glaucoma surgery, could minimize the potential injury caused by traditional trabeculectomy. However, no study reported about the posterior segment insertion of this device...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Corrado Gizzi, Jibran Mohamed-Noriega, Ahmed Elkarmouty, Andrew Scott
PURPOSE: To describe the outcomes of mitomycin C (MMC)-augmented trabeculectomy performed following a failed MMC-augmented XEN-45 implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: all consecutive cases of MMC-augmented trabeculectomy performed after MMC-augmented XEN-45 in the Glaucoma Service at Moorfields Eye Hospital between April 2015 and June 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: We identified 8 patients who had a trabeculectomy following a failed XEN-45 implantation...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Li Jiang, Scott Eaves, Navpreet Dhillon, Punithawathy Ranjit
Purpose: To assess and compare the long-term postoperative outcomes of trabeculectomy (TE), phacotrabeculectomy (PTE), and viscocanalostomy (VC) and to correlate postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) with visual outcome. Patients and methods: This retrospective cohort observational study included 520 eyes which underwent TE with mitomycin C (MMC) (n=205), PTE with MMC (n=189), and VC ± combined cataract surgery and MMC (n=126) to control IOP between June 2010 and June 2014 by a single surgeon...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Louise J Lu, Laura Hall, Ji Liu
Conventional glaucoma surgeries, such as trabeculectomy and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery, have been enhanced by surgeons to improve outcome and decrease complications. Over the last two decades, adjuncts, such as collagen matrix implants, fibrin adhesives, and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) have been found to be effective in modulating fibrosis and scarring during the wound-healing process, reducing postoperative inflammation, and repairing bleb leakage or conjunctival erosion. The use of these tools provides several advantages when used in trabeculectomy, GDD surgery, and surface reconstruction associated with glaucoma surgery complications...
January 2018: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
Nikhel Sachdev, Maria Cecilia Aquino, Seng Chee Loon, Yiong Huak Chan, Paul Chew, Victor Koh
Background: To evaluate the outcome and complications of transscleral suture-fixated posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation combined with Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) surgery in Asian eyes. Design: This was a retrospective study that included 22 eyes from 22 participants. The surgeries were performed at Singapore's National University Hospital. Participants underwent an Ahmed tube surgery, together with transscleral suture-fixated posterior chamber intraocular lens...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ronald M Sánchez-Avila, Jesus Merayo-Lloves, Maria Laura Fernández, Luis Alberto Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Pedro Pablo Rodríguez-Calvo, Andres Fernández-Vega Cueto, Francisco Muruzabal, Gorka Orive, Eduardo Anitua
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops in patients with glaucoma with secondary ocular surface disorders (OSDs) due to surgeries and topical hypotensive drugs use. Materials and methods: A retrospective case-series study design was used including six patients (eight eyes) diagnosed with glaucoma who received surgical (nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy and/or trabeculectomy) and medical treatments (hypotensive eye drops) to control intraocular pressure (IOP) and who developed secondary OSDs, unresponsive to conventional treatments...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Pavi Agrawal, Steven E Bradshaw
INTRODUCTION: Primary open-angle glaucoma is estimated to affect 3% of the population aged 40-80 years. Trabeculectomy is considered the gold standard in surgical management of glaucoma; however, it is a technically complex procedure that may result in a range of adverse outcomes. Device-augmented, minimally invasive procedures (micro-invasive glaucoma surgeries, MIGS) have been developed aiming for safer and less invasive intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction compared with traditional surgery...
June 2018: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Hamed Esfandiari, Kiana Hassanpour, Mehdi Yaseri, Nils A Loewen
Background: Pilocarpine is commonly used after angle surgery for glaucoma despite a host of side effects and risks. We hypothesized that a pharmacological miosis during the first two months does not improve short- and long-term results of trabectome-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy. Methods: In this retrospective comparative 1-year case series, we compared 187 trabectome surgery eyes with (P+) or without (P-) 1% pilocarpine for two months. Primary outcome measures were the surgical success defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤ 21 mmHg and decreased ≥ 20%, and no secondary glaucoma surgery...
2018: F1000Research
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