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Dental history

E O'Selmo
Dental bodies corporate are not a new phenomenon with companies having practised dentistry in the UK for over a hundred years. At the turn of the twentieth century, unregistered practice was common with dental companies resulting in extensive malpractice. Corporate dentistry introduced commercial interests into the profession and brought further dangers such as treatment not being patient-centred. The British Dental Association (BDA) was among those who continuously worked to mitigate these effects. Increasingly strict measures were introduced by governments to protect the public from harm from corporate practice with the government eventually remedying concerns, in the 1950s, by restricting corporate practice...
August 17, 2018: British Dental Journal
Emmett Henderson, Preeti Dalawari, Jennifer Fitzgerald, Leslie Hinyard
To examine the association between oral health literacy (OHL) with sociodemographic variables and dental visitation in adults presenting to an urban emergency department (ED). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of 556 adults aged 18⁻90. Interview data from the study were used to collect self-reported sociodemographic characteristics and dental visitation history. The OHL of the study participants was measured using the Health Literacy in Dentistry scale (HeLD-14), and the score was dichotomized into low and high OHL...
August 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
R C Wiener, C Shen, P A Findley, N Dwibedi, U Sambamoorthi
BACKGROUND: Depression has been linked to poor oral health among patients seeking dental care. However, systematic research on the relationship between depressive symptoms and oral health is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of depressive symptoms with untreated dental caries among adults aged 21-64 years. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis. SETTING: The data were extracted national data collected in the United States (2013-2014 National Health Nutrition and Examination Survey)...
August 9, 2018: Community Dental Health
Caroline H Shiboski, Tzy-Jyun Yao, Jonathan S Russell, Mark I Ryder, Russell B Van Dyke, George R Seage, Anna-Barbara Moscicki
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the association between combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and oral health outcomes (dental and periodontal) among perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) youth. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of oral health among PHIV youth participating in the Oral Health substudy of Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS). Dentists at research sites were trained/calibrated on how to perform a standardized oral mucosal, dental, and periodontal examination...
August 8, 2018: AIDS
Pallav Mahesh Patni, Pradeep Jain, Hemalatha Hiremath, Swadhin Raghuwanshi, Prashansa Vijaywargia, Mona Jain Patni
A 22-year-old female patient had a history of a 7-month recurrent pus discharge from her chin. She had been previously treated by physicians, dermatologist, and surgeons. The sinus kept re-occurring and she was referred to dental hospital for opinion. The patient had cutaneous opening of size 5 mm × 6 mm with purulent discharge in submental region. Patient had undergone three surgical excisions and multiple antibiotic regimens. Patient had a history of trauma due to fall six years back. A 30 number standard gutta-percha was used to trace the sinus tract and dental origin was confirmed radiographically...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Surekha Dabla, Inder Puri, Deepa Dash, Padma Madakasira Vasantha, Manjari Tripathi
Background and Purpose: To identify predictors of seizure-related injury (SRI) and death in people with epilepsy (PWE) in a North Indian cohort. Methods: This ambispective cohort study included PWE registered in an epilepsy clinic in Delhi between May 2010 and December 2011. Five hundred twenty-six patients were enrolled and followed for 25 months. Patients were categorized into two groups based on SRI/no SRI during the study period. We analyzed various factors to identify predictors of SRI and death...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
Fang Ding, Di Wu, Xiao Han, Li-Jian Cheng, Zheng Sun, Ya-Lin Lv
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the association of periodontal conditions and oral hygiene habits in the Chinese patients with an aortic aneurysm (AA). METHODS: A questionnaire and periodontal examinations were carried out in the AA patients and non-AA volunteers recruited from the Center for Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University between August 2011 and June 2016. General information (e.g., height and weight), history of systemic diseases, and oral hygiene habits (e...
August 8, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Titus Ayodeji Oyedele, Elizabeth Oziegbe
This study assessed the difference in the number of visits made to a dental care clinic and the time spent providing specific dental treatment for children with and without molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). Children aged 8 to 16 years who presented at the Pediatric Dental Unit of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, were eligible for the study. A comprehensive medical and dental history was taken, and each child was clinically examined, diagnosed, and treated according to a drawn-up plan...
August 6, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Jan Oliver Voss, Nadine Thieme, Christian Doll, Stefan Hartwig, Nicolai Adolphs, Max Heiland, Jan-Dirk Raguse
Penetrating foreign bodies of different origins in the head and neck are rare and potentially dangerous injuries, which might pose problems for their detection, primary care, and final treatment. Depending on the severity of the underlying trauma, some injuries present a higher risk for the presence of foreign bodies. Minor wounds, including common lacerations, are likely to be contaminated with loose gravel debris or dental fragments, and need to be distinguished from severe wounds caused by impalement, shootings, stabbings, and explosions...
September 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Niyaz Ali, Wajid Hussain, Azam Hayat, Tariq Shah, Ronghui Wen, Ifra Zeb, Attiya Abdul Malik, Rahdia Ramzan, Mujaddad-Ur Rehman, Ibrar Khan
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are important causes of morbidity and mortality among haemodialysis (HD) patients and create problems in the management of patients in the renal dialysis units, as patients with chronic renal failure do not absolutely clear these viral infections. AIM: The aim of the study is molecular detection of HBV and HCV and their possible risk factors among the HD patients in northern Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to June 2014...
August 3, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Daire Shanahan, Rachel Cowie, Helen Rogers, Konrad Staines
BACKGROUND: Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and usually presents in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and systemic immunosuppression. It is rarely seen in patients who are immunocompetent. It is clinically characterised as an asymptomatic, soft, white and corrugated lesion that cannot be scraped from the surface it adheres to. METHODS: Immunocompetent patients with OHL attending Bristol Dental Hospital within the last 6 months were identified...
August 6, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Lawrence Essama Eno Belinga, Williams Bell Ngan, Daniel Lemougoum, Alain Serges Patrick Essam Nlo'o, Bienvenu Bongue, Annie Ngono, Samuel Honoré Mandengue, Malick Sembene
To assess the association between periodontal diseases and cardiovascular diseases in dental patients in Cameroon, a prospective observational study was carried out in 3 hospitals in Cameroon from January 2013 to December 2015. Data on general condition, age, gender and lifestyle were collected during medical history taking. The Dutch Periodontal Screening Index assessed periodontal health during oral examination. The Wilcoxon test, the Fisher test and logistic regression analysis were performed. 558 patients (53...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Samia A Hurst, Mélinée Schindler, Susan D Goold, Marion Danis
BACKGROUND: As universal health coverage becomes the norm in many countries, it is important to determine public priorities regarding benefits to include in health insurance coverage. We report results of participation in a decision exercise among residents of Switzerland, a high-income country with a long history of universal health insurance and deliberative democracy. METHODS: We adapted the Choosing Healthplans All Together (CHAT) tool, an exercise developed to transform complex healthcare allocation decisions into easily understandable choices, for use in Switzerland...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
P J Lyu
The successful research and application of robotic techniques will promote more dental practitioners to operate robotic simulation systems in various aspects as clinical practice, teaching and scientific research. This paper reviews the history and development of dental robotics in a systematic way. We specifically introduce the application conditions and estimate the future development of dental robotics. Besides, we also foresee the potential impact and change brought by dental robotic techniques.
August 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Helena Nilsson, Johan Sanmartin Berglund, Stefan Renvert
AIM: to determine whether having periodontitis is associated with cognitive decline among older adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective population study of older adults, Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care, (SNAC) provided repeated registrations of cognitive functions. Cognitive decline was defined as ≥ 3-points deterioration from a predetermined level at baseline, using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Between 2001 and 2003, 715 individuals had a medical as well as a clinical and radiographic dental examination...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Amrita Mukherjee, Bruce A Dye, Jason Clague, Thomas R Belin, Vivek Shetty
PURPOSE: Methamphetamine (MA) is associated with adverse health effects, including the rampant tooth decay condition called "Meth Mouth." However, the impact of MA use on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) is unknown. This study assessed the relationship between MA use and self-reported OHRQOL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses information from 545 MA-using participants recruited from Los Angeles County, California. Dental examinations were performed by three calibrated dentists using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) protocols...
August 3, 2018: Quality of Life Research
V Deepa, Karishma Mujawar, Komal Dhillon, Premraj Jadhav, Indrani Das, Youginder K Singla
AIM: Dental implants are the preferred treatment modality in the present edentulous era. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have detrimental effect on bone density. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of SSRIs on the success rate of dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 352 patients of both genders with 680 dental implants. History of depression and SSRI medication was retrieved. Patients were divided into two groups...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rachel C Greer, Daranee Intralawan, Mavuto Mukaka, Prapass Wannapinij, Nicholas P J Day, Supalert Nedsuwan, Yoel Lubell
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic use in low-income and middle-income countries continues to rise despite the knowledge that antibiotic overuse can lead to antimicrobial resistance. There is a paucity of detailed data on the use of antibiotics in primary care in low-resource settings. OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation of acute infections and the indications for antibiotic prescription. DESIGN: A 2-year retrospective review of routinely collected data...
July 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Vanessa Costa, Ivam da Silva-Júnior, Ayah Shqair, Andressa Gastmann, Elaine Baldissera, Marília Goettems, Dione Torriani, Rudimar-Antonio Baldissera, Thiago-Marchi Martins
Traumatic dental injuries in primary dentition present risk of sequelae in the permanent dentition. In this case report, we describe the management and long term follow-up of sequelae affecting permanent central incisor due to prior intrusive luxation and subluxation of the corresponding primary tooth. A 5-year-boy was referred for treatment, with history of fall by the age of 21 months, which caused subluxation of the primary maxillary right and left central incisors, and intrusion of the maxillary right lateral incisor...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Mythili Kalladka, Sowmya Ananthan, Eli Eliav, Cibele Nasri-Heir, Junad Khan, Gary Heir
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Orofacial pain has multifactorial causes and is often a diagnostic challenge. Misdiagnosis can result in morbidity or mortality due to misdirected and inappropriate treatment. A delay of necessary treatment, in cases of ominous illnesses, may result in its perpetuation or progression. The authors present a case report that illustrates these possibilities. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case report describes a 36-year-old woman with the chief symptom of painless, limited mandibular movement...
July 24, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
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