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Dental history

Xianrui Yang, Li Li, Li Xiao, Donghui Zhang
Adult stem cells are excellent cell resource for cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been discovered and well known in various application. Here, we reviewed the history of dental pulp stem cell study and the detail experimental method including isolation, culture, cryopreservation, and the differentiation strategy to different cell lineage. Moreover, we discussed the future potential application of the combination of tissue engineering and of DPSC differentiation. This review will help the new learner to quickly get into the DPSC filed...
December 13, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Masahiro Sano, Sayaka Sano, Hiromasa Kato, Ken Arakawa, Masaaki Arai
BACKGROUND: When mouth breathing becomes habitual, it can cause sleep disorders and abnormal maxillofacial growth, thus early detection of habitual mouth breathing is important. We created a questionnaire for early detection of habitual mouth breathing using a score based on a spectrum of factors found to be characteristic of mouth breathers. METHODS: First, a draft 50-question questionnaire was given to 101 random dental clinic patients, classified by dental professionals into habitual mouth breathers (n = 28) and nose breathers (n = 73)...
December 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Izolda Heydenrych, Krishan M Kapoor, Koenraad De Boulle, Greg Goodman, Arthur Swift, Narendra Kumar, Eqram Rahman
The recent rapid growth in dermal filler use, in conjunction with inadequate product and injector control, has heralded a concerning increase in filler complications. The 10-point plan has been developed to minimize complications through careful preconsideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure related. Patient-related factors include history, which involves a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions, systemic disease, medications, and previous cosmetic procedures...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Ines Kapferer-Seebacher, Quinten Waisfisz, Sylvia Boesch, Marieke Bronk, Peter van Tintelen, Elke R Gizewski, Rebekka Groebner, Johannes Zschocke, Marjo S van der Knaap
Here, we report brain white matter alterations in individuals clinically and genetically diagnosed with periodontal Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, a rare disease characterized by premature loss of teeth and connective tissue abnormalities. Eight individuals of two families clinically diagnosed with periodontal Ehlers-Danlos syndrome were included in the present study and underwent general physical, dental, and neurological examination. Whole exome sequencing was performed, and all patients included in the study underwent MRI of the brain...
December 8, 2018: Neurogenetics
Horaţiu Cristian Mânea, Horaţiu Constantin Urechescu, Nicolae Constantin Balica, Marius Octavian Pricop, Flavia Baderca, Mărioara Poenaru, Ioana Delia Horhat, Emilia Manuela Jifcu, Raluca Maria Cloşca, Cristian Andrei Sarău
INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a multifactorial condition associated with bisphosphonates (BPs) treatment, head and neck irradiation, malignancy, chemotherapy, periodontal disease or trauma. The first cases of BPs-related ONJ (BRONJ) were reported over a decade ago. PATIENTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was retrospective and analyzed archived material. The study included 38 patients diagnosed and treated in the Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Emergency City Hospital, Timişoara, Romania, for BRONJ, between 2013 and 2016...
2018: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Ahmed M A Habib, Shady A Hassan
AIMS: To evaluate the efficiency of reconstruction of long span mandibular defects using split rib bundle bone graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six hundred patients with long span mandibular defects (more than 6 cm long), following resection of aggressive mandibular tumours, were reconstructed with split rib bundle bone graft technique. Immediate reconstruction was performed in all patients. A reconstruction plate was used to support the graft. Two ribs were harvested from the right side of the chest, split into four halves and used to restore the continuity of the mandible...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Aida Mulic, Inga B Árnadòttir, Torbjòrg Jensdottir, Simen E Kopperud
Dental erosive wear (DEW) is common among children and adolescents, and a survey of Icelandic children showed that 30.7% of 15-year-olds were diagnosed with the condition. Objective. To gain knowledge about dental practitioners' experiences, opinions, and treatment decisions. Materials and Methods . A precoded questionnaire, previously used among Norwegian dentists, was sent electronically to all dentists in Iceland ( n = 341). Results. The response rate was 64.2%, and 58% of dentists were male. More than half of the clinicians (54%) thought that prevalence had increased the last 10-15 years, and 67% reported it to be more common in male...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Samar Shaikh, Irina Florentina Dragan, Amanda Nevius, Noshir Mehta, Nadeem Karimbux
OBJECTIVE: This report proposes a framework to integrate evidence-based dentistry (EBD) in a systematic approach in the clinical management of a patient diagnosed with drug-induced gingival hyperplasia combined with generalized aggressive periodontitis.This report illustrates the case of a 37-year-old female who presented to the Department of Periodontology at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine with enlarged, tender, bleeding gums, and loose teeth combined with a history of uncontrolled hypertension treated with calcium channel blockers...
December 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Jelena Dumančić
Dentistry in Croatia started as a course Dentistry and Dental Medicine for medical students at the School of Medicine in Zagreb in 1922. The first teacher was Professor Eduard Radošević, doctor of medicine and dentistry specialist. The next stage was formation of the Odontology Department at the School of Medicine in Zagreb in September 1948, which was supported by Professor Ivo Čupar. The first 47 students enrolled in dentistry. Milenko Lainović was the first student who graduated from the School on May 26, 1954 and he received the title of a graduated doctor of dental medicine...
September 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Cíntia Ferreira Gonçalves, Ana Paula Mundim, Rodrigo Fernando Sousa Martins, Ricardo Maio Gagliardi, Paulo Sérgio Silva Santos, Orlando Ayrton de Toledo
Introduction: Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare disease characterized by gingival enlargement, normal color with benign and firm consistency. This growth may be exacerbated by use of drugs and plaque build-up. The treatment for this clinical condition is surgical excision of the enlarged gingival tissue or the extraction of all teeth. Case Report: A 20-year-old Brazilian female handicapped patient with a chief complaint of exaggerated gingival enlargement who had been prescribed Carbamazepine and Gardenal was referred to our center...
September 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
Objective: To examine the potential association between patients' characteristics that experienced implant failure and those who had successful implant treatment. Materials and methods: This retrospective case-control study is based on 186 dental records of implant failure and 186 age and gender matched successful treatments for a total of 372 patients. Age at the time of the procedure, gender, medical history, tobacco use, dental insurance status, ZIP code and type of treatment provided (implant failure/successful implant treatment) were recorded...
September 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Tyler H Haeffs, Christopher A Scott, Tiffany H Campbell, Youbai Chen, Meredith August
PURPOSE: To review cases of suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws treated at the Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, MA) over a 10-year period, evaluate specifics of disease presentation, and answer the clinical question: are there identifiable variables associated with treatment outcome? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was completed using patients treated for suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws at the Massachusetts General Hospital from April 2006 to October 2016...
December 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
John Patrik Matthias Burkhard, Kurt Lädrach, Tateyuki Iizuka, Stefan Gerber
Lyme borreliosis is a prevalent disease with a wide variety of clinical manifestations. However, only a few pertinent references are found in the dental literature. Considering the diversity of differential diagnoses, borreliosis-associated orofacial pain may be a challenge for treatment providers and patients alike. The aim of this case report is to emphasize the importance of a sound, structured medical history and assessment to identify severe cases early and to start interdisciplinary therapy if indicated...
December 10, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Jung-Wook Kim, Hong Zhang, Figen Seymen, Mine Koruyucu, Yuanyuan Hu, Jenny Kang, Youn Jung Kim, Atsushi Ikeda, Yelda Kasimoglu, Merve Bayram, Chuhua Zhang, Kazuhiko Kawasaki, John D Bartlett, Thomas L Saunders, James P Simmer, Jan C-C Hu
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a collection of isolated (non-syndromic) inherited diseases affecting dental enamel formation or a clinical phenotype in syndromic conditions. We characterized three consanguineous AI families with generalized irregular hypoplastic enamel with rapid attrition that perfectly segregated with homozygous defects in a novel gene: RELT that is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF). RNAscope in situ hybridization of wild-type mouse molars and incisors demonstrated specific Relt mRNA expression by secretory stage ameloblasts and by odontoblasts...
December 3, 2018: Clinical Genetics
Johanna Alexopoulos, Christian Steinberg, Nora Ellen Liebergesell-Kilian, Berit Hoeffkes, Stephan Doering, Markus Junghöfer
Biased motivated attention towards phobia-relevant pictures is a typical finding in specific phobia. In the visual system, the allocation of motivated attention is indexed by two event-related potential components - the Early Posterior Negativity and the Late Positive Potential. Enhanced Early Posterior Negativity and Late Positive Potential amplitudes are reliably observed in specific phobia such as, for instance, snake, spider or blood-injection-injury phobia and to some extent also in dental phobia. However, regarding dental phobia results are sparse and its theoretical concept is not undisputed...
December 1, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Anuj Chhabra, Nidhi Chhabra
Cutaneous odontogenic fistulae or sinus tracts are commonly misdiagnosed and incorrectly treated, leading to unnecessary and excessive medications attributing to patient agony. An understanding of cutaneous sinus tracts and their drainage will guide to more appropriate treatment. The following clinical case reports present three patients with cutaneous sinus tracts on chin and jaw line, secondary to chronic periapical dental infection, which was misdiagnosed initially as dermatological lesion and was submitted to inappropriate dermatological treatment and antimicrobial therapy...
November 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Lindsay L DeSantis, Ahmed Ghoneima, Vanchit John, George Eckert, Kelton T Stewart
Historically, dental residency programs have used numerical assessment criteria to evaluate and identify qualified candidates for admission. Recent elimination of such assessment tools has undermined many programs' holistic evaluation process. The Advanced Dental Admission Test (ADAT) was developed and recently piloted in hopes of addressing this issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preliminary performance and validity of the ADAT by exploring the association between ADAT scores and other variables for a sample of applicants to residency programs...
December 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Woo J Chi, Matthew M Hanasono, Theresa M Hofstede, Ruth A Aponte-Wesson
This clinical report describes the prosthodontic rehabilitation of a 22-year-old woman with a substantial treatment history of Ewing sarcoma of the left maxillary sinus. The patient was diagnosed with Ewing sarcoma at the age of 7 years and went through chemotherapy, radiation, surgical resection, and free-flap reconstruction, initially without prosthodontic rehabilitation. The patient aged 22 years was referred to the oral oncology clinic at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center for prosthodontic treatment...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
M Vuorinen, T Mäkinen, M Rantasalo, J Leskinen, H Välimaa, K Huotari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To prevent severe prosthetic joint infections, a dental examination is usually recommended prior to arthroplasty, even sometimes regarded resource- and time-consuming. The aim of this study was to determine whether a risk factor-based algorithm could be created to send only selected patients for dental clearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 952 patients scheduled for elective arthroplasty was performed. Patients filled out a questionnaire regarding potential risk factors for dental infections, and dentists documented patients' oral health and interventions performed (data available for 731 patients)...
December 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Yuniardini S Wimardhani, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Gus P Subita, Anandina I Soegyanto, Siti A Pradono, Nurfianti Patoni
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the awareness of oral cancer among adults in Jakarta, Indonesia, and explore the factors influencing it. METHODS: A previously-tested questionnaire on 1000 adults in Jakarta was used in the present study. The data included sociodemographic factors and answers to assess the awareness of oral cancer, early signs and symptoms, risks factors, lifestyles, and history of dental visits. RESULTS: Only 53...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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