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Negative effects of social media

Lauren C Hand, Teresa H Thomas, Sarah Belcher, Grace Campbell, Young Ji Lee, Mary Roberge, Christina Lizaso, Dorinda Sparacio, Heidi S Donovan
OBJECTIVES: As gynecologic cancer care shifts to the outpatient setting, caregivers are instrumental in helping patients navigate the demands of the disease and treatment. Through social media, we aimed to understand the needs of caregivers of patients with gynecologic cancers and support services necessary to meet these needs. METHODS: On January 10, 2018, a monthly Twitter discussion session was hosted by the GYNecologic Cancer Social Media community (handle @GYNCSM) using the hashtag #GYNCSM...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Laura M Thornton, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Jessica H Baker, Anders Juréus, Richard Parker, Anjali K Henders, Janne T Larsen, Liselotte Petersen, Hunna J Watson, Zeynep Yilmaz, Katherine M Kirk, Scott Gordon, Virpi M Leppä, Felicity C Martin, David C Whiteman, Catherine M Olsen, Thomas M Werge, Nancy L Pedersen, Walter Kaye, Andrew W Bergen, Katherine A Halmi, Michael Strober, Allan S Kaplan, D Blake Woodside, James Mitchell, Craig L Johnson, Harry Brandt, Steven Crawford, L John Horwood, Joseph M Boden, John F Pearson, Laramie E Duncan, Jakob Grove, Manuel Mattheisen, Jennifer Jordan, Martin A Kennedy, Andreas Birgegård, Paul Lichtenstein, Claes Norring, Tracey D Wade, Grant W Montgomery, Nicholas G Martin, Mikael Landén, Preben Bo Mortensen, Patrick F Sullivan, Cynthia M Bulik
BACKGROUND: Genetic factors contribute to anorexia nervosa (AN); and the first genome-wide significant locus has been identified. We describe methods and procedures for the Anorexia Nervosa Genetics Initiative (ANGI), an international collaboration designed to rapidly recruit 13,000 individuals with AN and ancestrally matched controls. We present sample characteristics and the utility of an online eating disorder diagnostic questionnaire suitable for large-scale genetic and population research...
October 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Alan R Teo, Benjamin K Chan, Somnath Saha, Christina Nicolaidis
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation is closely associated with negative mental health outcomes. Social media platforms may expand opportunities for social contact, but whether online interactions are as effective as face-to-face, or in-person, interactions at protecting against the negative effects of social isolation is unclear. METHODS: Participants consisted of U.S. military veterans who served since September 2001 and used Facebook (n = 587). Our independent variables were frequency of social contact occurring in-person and on Facebook...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Regina van den Eijnden, Ina Koning, Suzan Doornwaard, Femke van Gurp, Tom Ter Bogt
AIM: To extend the scholarly debate on (a) whether or not the compulsive use of games and social media should be regarded as behavioral addictions (Kardefelt-Winther et al., 2017) and (b) whether the nine DSM-5 criteria for Internet gaming disorder (IGD; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) are appropriate to distinguish highly engaged, non-disordered users of games and social media from disordered users, this study investigated the impact of engaged and disordered use of games and social media on the psychosocial well-being and school performances of adolescents...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Emily L Howell, Christopher D Wirz, Dominique Brossard, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dietram A Scheufele, Kenneth M Winneg, Michael A Xenos
In May 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) released the report "Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects," summarizing scientific consensus on genetically engineered crops and their implications. NASEM reports aim to give the public and policymakers information on socially relevant science issues. Their impact, however, is not well understood. This analysis combines national pre- and post-report survey data with a large-scale content analysis of Twitter discussion to examine the report's effect on public perceptions of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)...
September 26, 2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
Megan A Vendemia, David C DeAndrea
This experiment examined how features of images shared on social media sites, such as Instagram, impact and are evaluated by young adult female users. Specifically, we examined conditions under which female viewers (N = 360, Mage  = 20.34, SD = 2.74) were more or less likely to internalize the thin ideal after viewing other women's selfies (i.e., images taken of oneself by oneself) posted on Instagram that depicted the thin ideal. We also examined how female viewers evaluated women who posted these selfies...
September 19, 2018: Body Image
Michael Shengtao Wu, Chan Zhou, Hao Chen, Huajian Cai, Louise Sundararajan
Throughout history, collectivism has contributed much to social bonding and human wellness. However, it remains unclear whether the collectivism-wellness equation still applies, when there is a mismatch between the collectivistic values and the ecological environment of urbanisation. Testing the hypothesis of cultural value mismatch (e.g., high urbanised & high collectivistic, or low urbanised & low collectivistic), two studies were designed to examine the relationship between collectivism and emotional wellbeing in China, with urbanisation as moderator...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Elliot A Tebbe, Blake A Allan, Haley L Bell
The present study used a psychology of working theory (PWT) framework to test the direct and indirect relations of perceived social status and transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) marginalization (i.e., victimization, nonaffirmation of gender identity, negative expectations for the future) with work volition, overqualification, and vocational and emotional well-being outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, meaningful work, satisfaction with life, depression) in a sample of 175 TGNC working adults. This study also tested the moderating effect of one form of structural marginalization (lack of legal protections from employment discrimination) on the overall pattern of results...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Hyunyi Cho, Nathan Silver, Kilhoe Na, Dinah Adams, Kate T Luong, Chi Song
BACKGROUND: Instagram is increasingly becoming a platform on which visual communication of cancer takes place, but few studies have investigated the content and effects. In particular, a paucity of research has evaluated the effects of visual communication of cancer on participative engagement outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate cancer-related beliefs and emotions shared on Instagram and to examine their effects on participative engagement outcomes including likes, comments, and social support...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Kimberly Bissell, Kim Baker, Sarah E Pember, Xueying Zhang, Yiyi Yang
The relationship between media use, family dynamics, and school environments on a child's likelihood to be overweight or obese is an area of research with limited empirical evidence; however, reports have indicated that children are increasingly developing more negative habits related to their health. The purpose of the present study was to employ a social ecological perspective in determining the effectiveness of a longitudinal health literacy/health intervention program on children's nutritional knowledge, attitudes toward healthy eating and exercise, food preferences, and eating behavior...
August 24, 2018: Health Communication
Joanne D Worsley, Rosie Mansfield, Rhiannon Corcoran
Insecure attachment is associated with a myriad of maladaptive outcomes, including low well-being and problematic Internet use. The lack of research investigating the roles that interpersonal attachment styles and psychological well-being play in problematic social media use is surprising. To address this gap, 915 young people aged 18-25 years (M = 20.19, SD = 1.58) completed an online survey measuring attachment styles, psychological well-being, and problematic social media use. We found that both greater attachment anxiety and less avoidance in attachment relationships were associated with problematic use of social media...
September 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Nastassja L Fischer, Rafael Peres, Mario Fiorani
Social media has gained increasing importance in many aspects of everyday life, from building relationships to establishing collaborative networks between individuals worldwide. Sharing behavior is an essential part of maintaining these dynamic networks. However, the precise neural factors that could be related to sharing behavior in online communities remain unclear. In this study, we recorded electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations of human subjects while they were watching short videos. The subjects were later asked to evaluate the videos based on how much they liked them and whether they would share them...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
D Chambers, K Cairns, L Ivancic
The original research by Mullen et al. in this issue is a welcome contribution to the increasingly important research area concerned with mental health and internet use. There is a persistent and growing tension between harmful online content and the potential to support vulnerable people online. Although current research has established both negative and positive influences of the internet on mental health, a policy framework to guide the development of online mental health resources is lacking. Based on 20 years of online service provision (in Australia originally and now in Ireland), ReachOut...
March 2018: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
Qiudan Li, Can Wang, Ruoran Liu, Lei Wang, Daniel Dajun Zeng, Scott James Leischow
BACKGROUND: E-liquid is one of the main components in electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). ENDS review comments could serve as an early warning on use patterns and even function to serve as an indicator of problems or adverse events pertaining to the use of specific e-liquids-much like types of responses tracked by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding medications. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand users' "vaping" experience using sentiment opinion summarization techniques, which can help characterize how consumers think about specific e-liquids and their characteristics (eg, flavor, throat hit, and vapor production)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Evelyn Vingilis, Zümrut Yildirim-Yenier, Larissa Vingilis-Jaremko, Jane Seeley, Christine M Wickens, Daniel H Grushka, Judy Fleiter
OBJECTIVE: YouTube features millions of videos of high risk driving behaviours and negative consequences of high risk driving ("fails"), such as injuries or deaths. Unfortunately, no information is available on YouTube viewership of these types of sites or on the effects of these videos on viewers. The purpose of this study was to examine young male drivers' perceptions of and experiences with YouTube videos of risky driving behaviours. METHODS: Using an exploratory qualitative descriptive approach, three 2-hour focus groups were conducted with young men 18-30 years of age to determine: (i) if they watch and share YouTube videos, including high risk driving videos; (ii) what effects high risk driving videos have on them and others and whether YouTube videos of negative consequences discourage high risk driving...
August 4, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Monica Jane, Martin Hagger, Jonathan Foster, Suleen Ho, Sebely Pal
BACKGROUND: In 2016 an estimated 1.9 billion adults world-wide were either overweight or obese. The health consequences of obesity are responsible for 2.8 million preventable deaths per year. The WHO now considers obesity as a global epidemic and recommends population-wide health promotion strategies to address this issue. Weight gain is caused by increased energy intake and physical inactivity, so treatment should focus on changes to behaviour regarding diet and physical activity. DISCUSSION: The WHO has also recognised the importance of social resources as a valuable agent for behaviour change in health promotion...
July 28, 2018: BMC Public Health
Nathan L Vanderford, Teresa M Evans, L Todd Weiss, Lindsay Bira, Jazmin Beltran-Gastelum
Background: The Individual Development Plan (IDP) was introduced as a tool to aid in career planning for doctoral trainees. Despite the National Institutes of Health and academic institutions creating policies that mandate the use of IDPs, little information exists regarding the actual use and effectiveness of the career planning tool. Methods: We conducted a multi-institutional, online survey to measure IDP use and effectiveness. The survey was distributed to potential respondents via social media and direct email...
2018: F1000Research
Jacob J van den Berg, Taylor Silverman, M Isabel Fernandez, Kirk D Henny, Zaneta J Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Don Operario
BACKGROUND: Black and Hispanic men who have sex with men in the United States continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. Uptake of and knowledge about biobehavioral HIV prevention approaches, such as treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis, are especially low in these populations. eHealth campaigns and social media messaging about treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis may help to fill this gap in knowledge and lead to increased uptake of such strategies; however, no evidence exists of the effects of these targeted forms of communication on treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis uptake in these populations...
July 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Jeffrey Morgan, Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway, James Wilton, Mark Hull
OBJECTIVES: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effective, HIV prevention strategy increasingly being accessed by gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). GBMSM face structural and individual-level barriers accessing PrEP, including awareness and cost. This paper assesses socio-demographic factors associated with awareness, interest, and willingness to pay for PrEP in a sample of Canadian GBMSM. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2015 Sex Now survey, a cross-sectional, online survey of GBMSM...
June 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Ziyad Ben Taleb, Linnea I Laestadius, Taghrid Asfar, Brian A Primack, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Hookah smoking is becoming increasingly popular worldwide, especially among young adults. The growth of social media has also enabled sharing of opinions, experiences, and marketing related to hookah via user-generated content. AIM: To evaluate the portrayal and promotion of hookah on Instagram and to highlight public health challenges created by this content. METHOD: A qualitative content analysis was performed on a sample of 301 Instagram posts made with the hashtags #hookah or #shisha in October 2016...
June 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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