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Negative effects of social media

Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Rocío Izquierdo-Gómez, Laura García-Cervantes, José Castro-Piñero, Julio Conde-Caveda, Oscar L Veiga
This study investigated the associations between the characteristics of the nearby physical environment with the total and domain-specific leisure-time sedentary behaviour (SB) in young people. The study included 1578 youth (9-18 years) from the UP&DOWN study. Total leisure-time SB was objectively-assessed by accelerometers. Participants self-reported the time spent during leisure-time in different domains of SB (i.e. screen-based, educational-based, social-based, and other-based SB). Information regarding the basic characteristics of the house, the perceived neighbourhood environment, the amount of physical activity facilities, equipment and materials attainable at home, and the media equipment available at home and in the own bedroom was collected...
December 14, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Melissa Oliver, Tzielan C Lee, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Elizabeth Murray, Rebecca Schwartz, Yongdong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that if left untreated can result in bone destruction and severe continuing pain due to persistent inflammation. The impact this chronic disease has on the daily lives of affected children and their families is not well known. The purpose of this study is to understand the disease burden and socioeconomic and psychological impact of CNO from the patients' and families' perspectives and identify areas of improvement for patient care and reduced disease burden based on patients' and families' responses...
December 14, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Emily Brennan, Melanie A Wakefield, Sarah J Durkin
BACKGROUND: Social denormalisation of smoking can provide an environment that helps smokers to quit. This study examined which of three measures of anti-smoking social norms have the greatest influence on quitting-related cognitions and behaviours, and if this influence differs according to socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: The Victorian Tracking Survey measured social norms among 1,348 (n(weighted) = 1,373) Australian adult smokers (aged 18-59) between 2012 and 2014, who were followed-up one week later...
2018: PloS One
Sarah Edney, Svetlana Bogomolova, Jillian Ryan, Tim Olds, Ilea Sanders, Carol Maher
BACKGROUND: The popularity and reach of social media make it an ideal delivery platform for interventions targeting health behaviors, such as physical inactivity. Research has identified a dose-response relationship whereby greater engagement and exposure are positively associated with intervention effects, hence enhancing engagement will maximize the potential of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the social media activity of successful commercial activity tracker brands to understand which creative elements (message content and design) they use in their communication to their audience, which social media platforms attract the most engagement, and which creative elements prompted the most engagement...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Kaitlin Baudier, Sean O'Donnell
In social insects, group members can differ in thermal physiology, and these differences may affect colony function. Upper thermal tolerance limits (CTmax) generally increase with body size among and within ant species, but size effects on lower thermal tolerances (CTmin) are poorly known. To test whether CTmin co-variation with body size matched patterns for CTmax, we measured CTmax and CTmin in workers of four size-based worker subcastes in the army ant Eciton burchellii parvispinum. CTmax increased with worker body size as expected...
December 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Jay Shah, Prithwijit Das, Nallammai Muthiah, Ruth Milanaik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, breakthroughs and advancements in new age technology have revolutionized the way children communicate and interact with the world around them. As social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat continue to grow in popularity, their usage has raised concerns about their role and impact on adolescent development and behavior. This review examines the psychosocial implications of social media usage on youth outcomes related to body image, socialization, and adolescent development...
November 30, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Juliet K Rosewall, David H Gleaves, Janet D Latner
Background: Eating disorders (EDs) and their subclinical variants are important health concerns for adolescent girls, and body dissatisfaction is a more common yet often debilitating experience that typically precedes the development of an ED. Despite this fact, little is known about what makes girls who are dissatisfied with their bodies more likely to engage in pathological eating behaviors. The present study explored eating pathology among a sample of adolescent girls from New Zealand and examined a variety of established risk factors that may moderate the relationship between body dissatisfaction (BD) and eating pathology...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Rachel Bachner-Melman, Einat Zontag-Oren, Ada H Zohar, Helene Sher
This study aimed to compare the scope, internet use patterns, and degree of online need satisfaction of girls and women with and without a lifetime eating disorder (ED) diagnosis. Participants were 122 females aged 12-30, 53 with a lifetime ED diagnosis recruited via a hospital-based treatment program, and 69 age-matched controls recruited via normative social media sites. Participants completed questionnaires assessing disordered eating, body image, positive and negative affect, general distress, and life satisfaction, and completed an online survey about the scope of their internet use, the frequency of watching and posting pictures and videos, online friendships and social comparison, fulfillment of needs online, and mood after internet use...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jacqueline V Hogue, Jennifer S Mills
This experimental study examined the effects of engaging on social media with attractive female peers on young adult women's body image. Participants were 118 female undergraduate students randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions. Participants first completed a visual analogue scale measure of state body image and then either browsed and left a comment on the social media site of an attractive female peer (n = 56) or did the same with a family member (n = 62) and then completed a post-manipulation visual analogue scale measure of state body image...
November 12, 2018: Body Image
Ying Shen, Philippa Clarke, Iris N Gomez-Lopez, Alex B Hill, Daniel M Romero, Robert Goodspeed, Veronica J Berrocal, Vg Vinod Vydiswaran, Tiffany C Veinot
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of using social media to assess the consumer nutrition environment by comparing sentiment expressed in Yelp reviews with information obtained from a direct observation audit instrument for grocery stores. DESIGN: Trained raters used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores (NEMS-S) in 100 grocery stores from July 2015 to March 2016. Yelp reviews were available for sixty-nine of these stores and were retrieved in February 2017 using the Yelp Application Program Interface...
November 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Maria Radu, Gabriel Radu, Alexandru Condurache, Victor Lorin Purcărea
Healthcare marketing extended in a surprising way, being indispensable to any healthcare unit that wishes to carry out its work by focusing on the needs and desires of patients. In the context of the medical activity taking more and more a commercial direction, the perception of the public about the profession of a physician should be considered, a perception which can be very easily negatively influenced by unethical marketing strategies. The notion of reputation refers to the perception of a group of people over a person or an entity, based on several criteria...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Anna M Ross, Amy J Morgan, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley
PURPOSE: This review aims to summarise the evidence on the impact of news media and social media reports of severe mental illness (SMI) on stigma, and interventions that aim to mitigate any adverse impact. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted in December 2017 to identify studies that report on the impact of media coverage or media interventions on stigma related to schizophrenia, psychosis, bipolar disorder, or mental illness in general...
October 22, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dean Giustini, Syed Mustafa Ali, Matthew Fraser, Maged N Kamel Boulos
Introduction: Research examining the effective uses of social media (SM) in public health and medicine, especially in the form of systematic reviews (SRs), has grown considerably in the past decade. To our knowledge, no comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted to date. Aims and methods: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews of the benefits and harms ("effects") of SM tools and platforms (such as Twitter and Facebook) in public health and medicine...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Robert A Fahey, Tetsuya Matsubayashi, Michiko Ueda
Rises in suicide rates following media reports of the deaths by suicide of public figures are a well-documented phenomenon. However, it remains unclear why, or by what exact mechanism, celebrity suicides act to increase suicidal risk in the wider public due to the lack of data showing how the public understands and reacts to the suicide of well-known figures. This study used a supervised machine learning approach to investigate the emotional content of almost 1 million messages sent on Twitter related to the suicides of 18 prominent individuals in Japan between 2010 and 2014...
December 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Stefan Stieger, David Lewetz
Online social media is now omnipresent in many people's daily lives. Much research has been conducted on how and why we use social media, but little is known about the impact of social media abstinence. Therefore, we designed an ecological momentary intervention study using smartphones. Participants were instructed not to use social media for 7 days (4 days baseline, 7 days intervention, and 4 days postintervention; N = 152). We assessed affect (positive and negative), boredom, and craving thrice a day (time-contingent sampling), as well as social media usage frequency, usage duration, and social pressure to be on social media at the end of each day (7,000+ single assessments)...
October 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Lauren C Hand, Teresa H Thomas, Sarah Belcher, Grace Campbell, Young Ji Lee, Mary Roberge, Christina Lizaso, Dorinda Sparacio, Heidi S Donovan
OBJECTIVES: As gynecologic cancer care shifts to the outpatient setting, caregivers are instrumental in helping patients navigate the demands of the disease and treatment. Through social media, we aimed to understand the needs of caregivers of patients with gynecologic cancers and support services necessary to meet these needs. METHODS: On January 10, 2018, a monthly Twitter discussion session was hosted by the GYNecologic Cancer Social Media community (handle @GYNCSM) using the hashtag #GYNCSM...
November 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Laura M Thornton, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Jessica H Baker, Anders Juréus, Richard Parker, Anjali K Henders, Janne T Larsen, Liselotte Petersen, Hunna J Watson, Zeynep Yilmaz, Katherine M Kirk, Scott Gordon, Virpi M Leppä, Felicity C Martin, David C Whiteman, Catherine M Olsen, Thomas M Werge, Nancy L Pedersen, Walter Kaye, Andrew W Bergen, Katherine A Halmi, Michael Strober, Allan S Kaplan, D Blake Woodside, James Mitchell, Craig L Johnson, Harry Brandt, Steven Crawford, L John Horwood, Joseph M Boden, John F Pearson, Laramie E Duncan, Jakob Grove, Manuel Mattheisen, Jennifer Jordan, Martin A Kennedy, Andreas Birgegård, Paul Lichtenstein, Claes Norring, Tracey D Wade, Grant W Montgomery, Nicholas G Martin, Mikael Landén, Preben Bo Mortensen, Patrick F Sullivan, Cynthia M Bulik
BACKGROUND: Genetic factors contribute to anorexia nervosa (AN); and the first genome-wide significant locus has been identified. We describe methods and procedures for the Anorexia Nervosa Genetics Initiative (ANGI), an international collaboration designed to rapidly recruit 13,000 individuals with AN and ancestrally matched controls. We present sample characteristics and the utility of an online eating disorder diagnostic questionnaire suitable for large-scale genetic and population research...
November 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Alan R Teo, Benjamin K Chan, Somnath Saha, Christina Nicolaidis
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation is closely associated with negative mental health outcomes. Social media platforms may expand opportunities for social contact, but whether online interactions are as effective as face-to-face, or in-person, interactions at protecting against the negative effects of social isolation is unclear. METHODS: Participants consisted of U.S. military veterans who served since September 2001 and used Facebook (n = 587). Our independent variables were frequency of social contact occurring in-person and on Facebook...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Regina van den Eijnden, Ina Koning, Suzan Doornwaard, Femke van Gurp, Tom Ter Bogt
AIM: To extend the scholarly debate on (a) whether or not the compulsive use of games and social media should be regarded as behavioral addictions (Kardefelt-Winther et al., 2017) and (b) whether the nine DSM-5 criteria for Internet gaming disorder (IGD; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) are appropriate to distinguish highly engaged, non-disordered users of games and social media from disordered users, this study investigated the impact of engaged and disordered use of games and social media on the psychosocial well-being and school performances of adolescents...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Emily L Howell, Christopher D Wirz, Dominique Brossard, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dietram A Scheufele, Kenneth M Winneg, Michael A Xenos
In May 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) released the report "Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects," summarizing scientific consensus on genetically engineered crops and their implications. NASEM reports aim to give the public and policymakers information on socially relevant science issues. Their impact, however, is not well understood. This analysis combines national pre- and post-report survey data with a large-scale content analysis of Twitter discussion to examine the report's effect on public perceptions of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)...
September 26, 2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
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