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social media Depression

Johannes C Eichstaedt, Robert J Smith, Raina M Merchant, Lyle H Ungar, Patrick Crutchley, Daniel Preoţiuc-Pietro, David A Asch, H Andrew Schwartz
Depression, the most prevalent mental illness, is underdiagnosed and undertreated, highlighting the need to extend the scope of current screening methods. Here, we use language from Facebook posts of consenting individuals to predict depression recorded in electronic medical records. We accessed the history of Facebook statuses posted by 683 patients visiting a large urban academic emergency department, 114 of whom had a diagnosis of depression in their medical records. Using only the language preceding their first documentation of a diagnosis of depression, we could identify depressed patients with fair accuracy [area under the curve (AUC) = 0...
October 15, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Lynn Gitlow, Blaire Janney, Caitlyn Lemery, Julianne McDonald, Bethany McGinley, Kristin Rabideau
Anxiety disorders and/or depression are the most frequently diagnosed mental health problems (MHP) among American college students. Everyday technology (EDT) is being used with those who have MHP to help them cope with the mental/cognitive disabilities arising from having anxiety and/or depression. Deveau investigated the types of EDT students with MHP use to manage their roles as college students. While this research indicated that individuals with MHP were open to learning about EDT they can use, the author recommended further investigation of the topic...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Tingting Liu, Dongmei Wu, Jing Wang, Changwei Li, Rumei Yang, Song Ge, Yan Du, Yanyan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Currently, China leads the world in the number of people with diabetes, making it home to a third of the global diabetic population. Persons with diabetes have to carry out 95% of their self-care. As an important component of diabetes care, diabetes self-management (DSM) is defined as everyday behaviours that persons carry out to control diabetes. Consistent findings have been reported that level of compliance to suggested DSM behaviours is not considered optimal among Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
October 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Jonathan E Handelzalts, Ilana S Hairston, Adi Matatyahu
As many as third of the women perceive their childbirth as traumatic and although prevalence rates vary between studies, around 2-5% of women in community samples may develop childbirth-related postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder (PPTSD). The City Birth Trauma Scale (BiTS) was developed to address the need for a DSM-5-based instrument that assesses PPTSD. The BiTS is a self-report questionnaire, which covers all DSM-5 PTSD criteria, including the four symptom clusters - re-experiencing, avoidance, negative mood and cognitions and hyperarousal symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Vinu Ilakkuvan, Amanda Johnson, Andrea C Villanti, W Douglas Evans, Monique Turner
PURPOSE: Social media use is pervasive among young adults, and different sites have different purposes, features, and audiences. This study identified classes of young adults based on what combination of sites they use and how frequently, and compared their health risk factors and behaviors. METHODS: Latent profile models were developed based on frequency of using 10 sites from a national sample of young adults aged 18-24years (n = 1,062). Bivariate analyses and multivariable regressions examined the relationship between class membership and alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use, and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Alan R Teo, Benjamin K Chan, Somnath Saha, Christina Nicolaidis
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation is closely associated with negative mental health outcomes. Social media platforms may expand opportunities for social contact, but whether online interactions are as effective as face-to-face, or in-person, interactions at protecting against the negative effects of social isolation is unclear. METHODS: Participants consisted of U.S. military veterans who served since September 2001 and used Facebook (n = 587). Our independent variables were frequency of social contact occurring in-person and on Facebook...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chung-Ying Lin, Maryam Ganji, Halley M Pontes, Vida Imani, Anders Broström, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the growing epidemiological research interest concerning Internet addiction, brief instruments with a robust theoretical basis are warranted. The Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) is one such instrument that can be used to quickly assess the Internet addiction in an individual. However, only two language versions of the IDS-15 have been developed. This study translated the IDS-15 into Persian and examined its psychometric properties using comprehensive psychometric testing...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Alison Pung, Susan Louise Fletcher, Jane Maree Gunn
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are emerging as tools with the potential to revolutionize the treatment of mental health conditions such as depression. At the forefront of the community health sector, general practitioners are in a unique position to guide the integration of technology and depression management; however, little is currently known about how primary care patients with depressive symptoms are currently using apps. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to explore the natural patterns of mobile app use among patients with depressive symptoms to facilitate the understanding of the potential role for mobile apps in managing depressive symptoms in the community...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Golam M Khandaker, Bianca P Oltean, Muzaffer Kaser, Claire R M Dibben, Rajini Ramana, Deepak R Jadon, Robert Dantzer, Alasdair J Coles, Glyn Lewis, Peter B Jones
INTRODUCTION: Observational studies indicate a potentially causal role for interleukin 6 (IL-6), a proinflammatory cytokine, in pathogenesis of depression, but interventional studies based on patients with depression have not been conducted. Tocilizumab, anti-inflammatory drug, is a humanised monoclonal antibody that inhibits IL-6 signalling and is licensed in the UK for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The main objectives of this study are to test whether IL-6 contributes to the pathogenesis of depression and to examine potential mechanisms by which IL-6 affects mood and cognition...
September 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Daria J Kuss, Eiman Kanjo, Mark Crook-Rumsey, Fraenze Kibowski, Grace Y Wang, Alex Sumich
Contemporary technological advances have led to a significant increase in using mobile technologies. Recent research has pointed to potential problems as a consequence of mobile overuse, including addiction, financial problems, dangerous use (i.e. whilst driving) and prohibited use (i.e. use in forbidden areas). The aim of this study is to extend previous findings regarding the predictive power of psychopathological symptoms (depression, anxiety and stress), mobile phone use (i.e. calls, SMS, time spent on the phone, as well as the engagement in specific smartphone activities) across Generations X and Y on problematic mobile phone use in a sample of 273 adults...
2018: Journal of technology in behavioral science
Nathalia Dolan, Christopher Tedeschi
Dolan, Nathalia, and Christopher Tedeschi. A qualitative study of psychological outcomes in avalanche first responders. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2018. OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize the mental health morbidity associated with avalanche rescue, and to generate hypotheses as to how such morbidity may be mitigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Avalanche first responders were recruited through online advertisements, social media, direct outreach, and e-mail solicitation...
September 20, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Stephen P Becker, Jessica A Lienesch
OBJECTIVE: This study examined nighttime media use in relation to sleep problems and anxiety/depression symptoms in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Participants were 81 adolescents (69% male) ages 13-17 with ADHD. Adolescents completed measures assessing pubertal development, nighttime media use, circadian preference, and daytime sleepiness. Both adolescents and parents completed measures of sleep duration, sleep problems, and internalizing symptoms...
July 29, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Laura Dunne, Tania Perich, Tanya Meade
OBJECTIVE: Mood symptoms may impact on personal recovery and psychosocial functioning in bipolar disorder (BD). This study aimed to explore whether recent mood symptoms were associated with recovery and social support from friends, family, and partners. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 312 participants who self-reported a confirmed diagnosis of BD and were recruited through social media. RESULTS: A series of one-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) were conducted...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Mereerat Manwong, Vitool Lohsoonthorn, Thanvaruj Booranasuksakul, Anun Chaikoolvatana
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effects of a group activity-based motivational enhancement therapy (GA-MET) program on social media addictive behaviors among junior high school students. Materials and methods: This cluster randomized trial was performed in 245 junior high school students who used social media in the lower part of northeast Thailand. The GA-MET program group and the control group sessions lasted 8 weeks and were followed up 4 weeks later...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Elliot A Tebbe, Blake A Allan, Haley L Bell
The present study used a psychology of working theory (PWT) framework to test the direct and indirect relations of perceived social status and transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) marginalization (i.e., victimization, nonaffirmation of gender identity, negative expectations for the future) with work volition, overqualification, and vocational and emotional well-being outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, meaningful work, satisfaction with life, depression) in a sample of 175 TGNC working adults. This study also tested the moderating effect of one form of structural marginalization (lack of legal protections from employment discrimination) on the overall pattern of results...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Linnea Schuez-Havupalo, Elina Lahti, Niina Junttila, Laura Toivonen, Minna Aromaa, Päivi Rautava, Ville Peltola, Hannele Räihä
BACKGROUND: An association between maternal prenatal stress and increased rates of respiratory tract infections in the offspring has been described earlier. Data regarding the father's role is lacking. In this study our aim was to evaluate, whether mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms and loneliness during pregnancy predict higher rates of respiratory tract infections in the offspring. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study we gathered information on parental psychological risk during gestational week 20 using the BDI-II and UCLA loneliness scale questionnaires for the parents of 929 children...
2018: PloS One
Lutz Wartberg, Levente Kriston, Rainer Thomasius
BACKGROUND: In this study, we determined the current prevalence of depressive symptoms in adolescents in Germany. METHODS: A sample of 1001 adolescents aged 12 to 17 that was representative for Germany was surveyed in August and September 2017 through telephone interviews about depressive symptoms in the two weeks leading up to the interview and about the subjects' psychosocial features. The instrument that was used, called DesTeen, includes questions about depressed mood, loss of interest, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, guilt feelings, and cognitive symptoms...
August 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Yan Guo, Zhimeng Xu, Jiaying Qiao, Y Alicia Hong, Hanxi Zhang, Chengbo Zeng, Weiping Cai, Linghua Li, Cong Liu
BACKGROUND: Most people living with HIV (PLWH) reside in middle- and low-income countries with limited access to health services. Thus, cost-effective interventions that can reach a large number of PLWH are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an mHealth intervention among PLWH in China. METHODS: Based on previous formative research, we designed an mHealth intervention program that included sending weekly reminders to participants via text messages (short message service, SMS) and articles on HIV self-management three times a week via a popular social media app WeChat...
September 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Ayşe Altan-Atalay
Attentional control (AC) that is composed of shifting and focusing dimensions had been suggested as a transdiagnostic risk factor, associated with development and maintenance of various psychological disorders. In comparison, Looming Cognitive Style (LCS) had been documented as a trait-based, disorders-specific characteristic that is linked to high levels of subjectively felt anxiety. The present study investigated whether individual differences in LCS moderated the association of shifting and focusing with anxiety...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Yanmei Shen, Bella Siu Man Chan, Jianbo Liu, Fanchao Meng, Tingyu Yang, Yuqiong He, Jianping Lu, Xuerong Luo, Xiang Yang Zhang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among medical college students in a Chinese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to collect demographic data on participants and their symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, and depression. Data were collected through questionnaires filled out on a computer or through WeChat, a widely used social media app. RESULTS: The prevalence of ADHD among 5693 college students was 3...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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