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social media Depression

Lewis Mitchell, Zaheer Hussain
Background : The progression of mobile phone technology has led to the development of multi-functional smartphones providing access to features such as social media, e-mail, and videos alongside the basic functions of a mobile phone. Increasing amounts of research has explored the potential addictive nature of smartphones to develop a theoretical framework that describes personality factors related to problematic use. The present study examined the Integrative Pathways Model and the effect of age, gender, impulsiveness, excessive reassurance seeking, extraversion, and depression on problematic smartphone use...
August 14, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Abhishek Pratap, Brenna N Renn, Joshua Volponi, Sean D Mooney, Adam Gazzaley, Patricia A Arean, Joaquin A Anguera
BACKGROUND: Most people with mental health disorders fail to receive timely access to adequate care. US Hispanic/Latino individuals are particularly underrepresented in mental health care and are historically a very difficult population to recruit into clinical trials; however, they have increasing access to mobile technology, with over 75% owning a smartphone. This technology has the potential to overcome known barriers to accessing and utilizing traditional assessment and treatment approaches...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Essi Heinonen, Barbara Szymanska-von Schultz, Viktor Kaldo, Josefine Nasiell, Ewa Andersson, Mikaela Bergmark, Margareta Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Lisa Forsberg, Erik Forsell, Anna Forsgren, Sandra Frööjd, Amy Goldman, Eva-Mari Nordenadler, Myrto Sklivanioti, Mats Blennow, Katarina Wide, Lars L Gustafsson
INTRODUCTION: Ten per cent of all pregnant women are depressed. Standard therapy of pregnant women with moderate depression is selective serotonin reuptakeinhibitors (SSRI). Observational studies on neurodevelopment after fetal SSRI exposure show conflicting results. Our primary objective is to compare the cognitive development in children exposed to sertraline and maternal depression with those exposed to maternal depression and placebo in utero. We hypothesise that there is a significant neurodevelopmental difference between the groups...
August 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Ellen Selkie, Yolanda Evans, Adrienne Ton, Nikita Midamba, Megan A Moreno
BACKGROUND: Electronic harassment affects 20-40% of adolescents and has been associated with significant negative outcomes including physical (ex. headache, abdominal pain), psychological (ex. depression, anxiety), and psychosocial (ex. school avoidance) problems. Evidence-based strategies to address electronic harassment are lacking, and few studies have incorporated adolescent input into intervention design. The purpose of this study was to use a novel data collection approach to determine perspectives on electronic harassment intervention and prevention from a targeted group of highly engaged adolescent technology users...
August 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Stephen Houghton, David Lawrence, Simon C Hunter, Michael Rosenberg, Corinne Zadow, Lisa Wood, Trevor Shilton
Adolescents are constantly connected with each other and the digital landscape through a myriad of screen media devices. Unprecedented access to the wider world and hence a variety of activities, particularly since the introduction of mobile technology, has given rise to questions regarding the impact of this changing media environment on the mental health of young people. Depressive symptoms are one of the most common disabling health issues in adolescence and although research has examined associations between screen use and symptoms of depression, longitudinal investigations are rare and fewer still consider trajectories of change in symptoms...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Tracy Hellem, Hayden Ferguson
Background: OULA is a high-energy dance workout to top 40 hits that is inspired by yoga and non-impact aerobics. Created in Missoula, Montana, the program has been gaining national and international popularity. To understand the demographic composition, reasons for attending OULA, and experiences with depression/anxiety, we conducted an Internet-based survey. Methods: A pilot descriptive cross-sectional Internet-based survey was created in Qualtrics and distributed through social media and flyers...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
César G Escobar-Viera, Darren L Whitfield, Charles B Wessel, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Andre L Brown, Cristian J Chandler, Beth L Hoffman, Michael P Marshal, Brian A Primack
BACKGROUND: Over 90% of adults in the United States have at least one social media account, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons are more socially active on social media than heterosexuals. Rates of depression among LGB persons are between 1.5- and 2-fold higher than those among their heterosexual counterparts. Social media allows users to connect, interact, and express ideas, emotions, feelings, and thoughts. Thus, social media use might represent both a protective and a risk factor for depression among LGB persons...
July 23, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Jamie Corroon, Joy A Phillips
Introduction: Preclinical and clinical studies suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) found in Cannabis spp. has broad therapeutic value. CBD products can currently be purchased online, over the counter and at Cannabis-specific dispensaries throughout most of the country, despite the fact that CBD is generally deemed a Schedule I controlled substance by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and renounced as a dietary supplement ingredient by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Consumer demand for CBD is high and growing, but few studies have examined the reasons for increasing CBD use...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
Jeffrey D Lambert, Colin J Greaves, Paul Farrand, Lisa Price, Anne M Haase, Adrian H Taylor
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a potentially effective treatment for depression and depressive relapse. However, promoting physical activity in people with depression is challenging. Interventions informed by theory and evidence are therefore needed to support people with depression to become more physically active. eMotion is a Web-based intervention combining behavioral activation and physical activity promotion for people in the community with symptoms of depression. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering eMotion to people in the community with symptoms of depression and to explore outcomes...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Kathryn Fletcher, Fiona Foley, Neil Thomas, Erin Michalak, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk, Steve Bowe, Sue Cotton, Lidia Engel, Sheri L Johnson, Steven Jones, Michael Kyrios, Sara Lapsley, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Tania Perich, Greg Murray
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to establish the effectiveness of a novel online quality of life (QoL) intervention tailored for people with late stage (≥ 10 episodes) bipolar disorder (BD) compared with psychoeducation. Relative to early stage individuals, this late stage group may not benefit as much from existing psychosocial treatments. The intervention is a guided self-help, mindfulness based intervention (MBI) developed in consultation with consumers, designed specifically for web-based delivery, with email coaching support...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
César G Escobar-Viera, Ariel Shensa, Nicholas D Bowman, Jaime E Sidani, Jennifer Knight, A Everette James, Brian A Primack
Social media allows users to explore self-identity and express emotions or thoughts. Research looking into the association between social media use (SMU) and mental health outcomes, such as anxiety or depressive symptoms, have produced mixed findings. These contradictions may best be addressed by examining different patterns of SMU as they relate to depressive symptomatology. We sought to assess the independent associations between active versus passive SMU and depressive symptoms. For this, we conducted an online survey of adults 18-49 of age...
July 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Alan R Teo, Samuel Bl Liebow, Benjamin Chan, Steven K Dobscha, Amanda L Graham
BACKGROUND: Younger military veterans are at high risk for psychiatric disorders and suicide. Reaching and engaging veterans in mental health care and research is challenging. Social media platforms may be an effective channel to connect with veterans. OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effectiveness of Facebook advertisements in reaching and recruiting Iraq and Afghanistan-era military veterans in a research study focused on mental health. METHODS: Facebook ads requesting participation in an online health survey ran for six weeks in 2017...
July 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Franziska Widmer Howald, Marcel Schär Gmelch, Marie Peterseil
People with a positive body image are more content with their body, reflect their society's beauty ideals more critically, have the ability to care for their body and are better protected from depression. Adolescence represents a particularly critical period relating to the development of the body image. The results of 1023 adolescents between the age of 13 and 16 years are unambiguous: In both analyzed language parts of the country, the positive body image correlates significantly positive with mental health and significantly negative with the influence by the media...
July 2018: Praxis
Sarah M Coyne, Laura M Padilla-Walker, Hailey G Holmgren, Laura A Stockdale
This study examined differential patterns of time spent using social media in a sample of 457 adolescents over a 6-year period. The majority of adolescents (83%), termed moderate users, reported steady social media use over time. A second group (increasers: 12%) reported low social media use that increased gradually and ended high at the end of the study. A third group, called peak users (6%), reported low social media that increased quickly after a few years and then returned to baseline levels. Low self-regulation predicted being an increaser or peak user...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Yan Guo, Y Alicia Hong, Jiaying Qiao, Zhimeng Xu, Hanxi Zhang, Chengbo Zeng, Weiping Cai, Linghua Li, Cong Liu, Yiran Li, Mengting Zhu, Nathan Asher Harris, Cui Yang
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLWH) suffer from high rates of mental illness; but targeted effective interventions are limited, especially in developing countries. High penetration of smartphone usage and widespread acceptance of social media applications provide an unprecedented opportunity for mobile-based health interventions (mHealth interventions) in resource-limited settings like China. The current report describes the design and sample characteristics of the Run4Love randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at improving mental health in PLWH in China...
June 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jean J Schensul, Shahina Begum, Saritha Nair, Cheryl Oncken
Introduction: In India, there are few cessation programs for women smokeless tobacco (SLT) users who want to quit. This paper uses Fishbein’s IM model to identify women SLT users’ challenges to quitting and multilevel correlates of “readiness to quit”. Methods: A survey of SLT use among women of reproductive age was conducted in 2010-13 in an urban slum community of Mumbai with a representative sample of 409 married women aged 18 to 40 years using at least one type of SLT daily. Data were analyzed using frequencies, bivariate statistics and logistic regression...
June 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ahmet Emre Aladağ, Serra Muderrisoglu, Naz Berfu Akbas, Oguzhan Zahmacioglu, Haluk O Bingol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 44,965 people in the United States died by suicide. It is common to see people with suicidal ideation seek help or leave suicide notes on social media before attempting suicide. Many prefer to express their feelings with longer passages on forums such as Reddit and blogs. Because these expressive posts follow regular language patterns, potential suicide attempts can be prevented by detecting suicidal posts as they are written. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to build a classifier that differentiates suicidal and nonsuicidal forum posts via text mining methods applied on post titles and bodies...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jiabao Pan, Bingjie Liu, Gary L Kreps
BACKGROUND: Depression is a mood disorder that may lead to severe outcomes including mental breakdown, self-injury, and suicide. Potential causes of depression include genetic, sociocultural, and individual-level factors. However, public understandings of depression guided by a complex interplay of media and other societal discourses might not be congruent with the scientific knowledge. Misunderstandings of depression can lead to under-treatment and stigmatization of depression. Against this backdrop, this study aims to achieve a holistic understanding of the patterns and dynamics in discourses about depression from various information sources in China by looking at related posts on social media...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Cynthia Y Huang, Ron Daniels, Angie Lembo, Christiane Hartog, Jim O'Brien, Thomas Heymann, Konrad Reinhart, H Bryant Nguyen
Objective: In this study, we aim to describe the post-sepsis syndrome from the perspective of the sepsis survivors. Design and Setting: The study is a prospective, observational online international survey. Participants: Sepsis survivors enrolled via social media from 13 September 2014 to 13 September 2016. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures: Physiologic, physical and psychological function post-sepsis; and patient satisfaction with sepsis-centered care...
June 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Joanne D Worsley, Jason C McIntyre, Richard P Bentall, Rhiannon Corcoran
Childhood maltreatment is associated with many maladaptive outcomes. This study sought to examine the association between childhood maltreatment and problematic social media use using a cross-sectional sample of young adults aged 17-25 years (n = 1029). Specifically, we studied whether the relationship is mediated through (i) attachment anxiety, (ii) attachment avoidance, or (iii) both attachment dimensions operating in series with depressive symptoms. Results revealed that a history of childhood maltreatment was significantly associated with more problematic social media use...
May 25, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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