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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548677/are-overweight-people-more-susceptible-to-anxiety
#1
Chichen Zhang, Mimi Li, Huining Zhao, Ruifang Zhu, Xiao Zheng, Jiao Lu, Yufeng Du, Lingwei Yu, Tingzhong Yang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate anxiety status and its relationship with BMI among empty nesters in China, so as to improve their quality of life and provide direction for further research. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4901 empty nesters in Shanxi, China. Anxiety, weight, height, depression, socio-demographic variables, attention to daily nutritional health, social activities, and self-care ability were evaluated in the study...
December 12, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545811/monitoring-online-discussions-about-suicide-among-twitter-users-with-schizophrenia-exploratory-study
#2
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia experience elevated risk of suicide. Mental health symptoms, including depression and anxiety, contribute to increased risk of suicide. Digital technology could support efforts to detect suicide risk and inform suicide prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study examined the feasibility of monitoring online discussions about suicide among Twitter users who self-identify as having schizophrenia. METHODS: Posts containing the terms suicide or suicidal were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having schizophrenia (N=203) and a random sample of control users (N=173) over a 200-day period...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534970/adolescent-paranoia-prevalence-structure-and-causal-mechanisms
#3
Jessica C Bird, Robin Evans, Felicity Waite, Bao S Loe, Daniel Freeman
Background: Adolescence can be a challenging time, characterized by self-consciousness, heightened regard for peer acceptance, and fear of rejection. Interpersonal concerns are amplified by unpredictable social interactions, both online and offline. This developmental and social context is potentially conducive to the emergence of paranoia. However, research on paranoia during adolescence is scarce. Method: Our aim was to examine the prevalence, structure, and probabilistic causal mechanisms of adolescent paranoia...
December 10, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522991/exploring-the-utility-of-community-generated-social-media-content-for-detecting-depression-an-analytical-study-on-instagram
#4
Benjamin J Ricard, Lisa A Marsch, Benjamin Crosier, Saeed Hassanpour
BACKGROUND: The content produced by individuals on various social media platforms has been successfully used to identify mental illness, including depression. However, most of the previous work in this area has focused on user-generated content, that is, content created by the individual, such as an individual's posts and pictures. In this study, we explored the predictive capability of community-generated content, that is, the data generated by a community of friends or followers, rather than by a sole individual, to identify depression among social media users...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514694/preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-depressive-symptoms-in-the-workplace-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#5
Mark Deady, David Johnston, David Milne, Nick Glozier, Dorian Peters, Rafael Calvo, Samuel Harvey
BACKGROUND: The workplace represents a unique setting for mental health interventions. Due to range of job-related factors, employees in male-dominated industries are at an elevated risk. However, these at-risk groups are often overlooked. HeadGear is a smartphone app-based intervention designed to reduce depressive symptoms and increase well-being in these populations. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the development and pilot testing of the app's usability, acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary effectiveness...
December 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507215/social-media-and-depression-symptoms-a-network-perspective
#6
George Aalbers, Richard J McNally, Alexandre Heeren, Sanne de Wit, Eiko I Fried
Passive social media use (PSMU)-for example, scrolling through social media news feeds-has been associated with depression symptoms. It is unclear, however, if PSMU causes depression symptoms or vice versa. In this study, 125 students reported PSMU, depression symptoms, and stress 7 times daily for 14 days. We used multilevel vector autoregressive time-series models to estimate (a) contemporaneous, (b) temporal, and (c) between-subjects associations among these variables. (a) More time spent on PSMU was associated with higher levels of interest loss, concentration problems, fatigue, and loneliness...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497996/the-association-between-the-use-of-antenatal-care-smartphone-apps-in-pregnant-women-and-antenatal-depression-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yushi Mo, Wenjie Gong, Joyce Wang, Xiaoqi Sheng, Dong R Xu
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care smartphone apps are increasingly used by pregnant women, but studies on their use and impact are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the use of antenatal care apps in pregnant women and explores the association between the use of these apps and antenatal depression. METHODS: This study used a convenient sample of pregnant women recruited from Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital in November 2015...
November 29, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497414/how-older-adults-self-manage-distress-does-the-internet-have-a-role-a-qualitative-study
#8
Alice Moult, Heather Burroughs, Tom Kingstone, Carolyn A Chew-Graham
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in older adults, but often under-recognised by GPs. Rather than perceiving themselves as suffering from anxiety or depression, older adults are more likely to self-identify as experiencing low mood, stress or distress. Older people may also feel responsible for managing their own mood problems. The Internet has the potential to support the self-management of distress through accessing health information or social support. METHODS: This study was approved by Keele University's ethical review panel...
November 29, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30497315/association-between-social-media-use-twitter-instagram-facebook-and-depressive-symptoms-are-twitter-users-at-higher-risk
#9
Antoine Jeri-Yabar, Alejandra Sanchez-Carbonel, Karen Tito, Jimena Ramirez-delCastillo, Alessandra Torres-Alcantara, Daniela Denegri, Yhuri Carreazo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between social media dependence and depressive symptoms and also, to characterize the level of dependence. It was a transversal, analytical research. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The stratified sample was 212 students from a private university that used Facebook, Instagram and/or Twitter. To measure depressive symptoms, Beck Depression Inventory was used, and to measure the dependence to social media, the Social Media Addiction Test was used, adapted from the Internet Addiction Test of Echeburúa...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496722/understanding-placentophagy
#10
Claire Stanley, Amanda Baillargeon, Amanda Selk
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period related to placentophagy. DESIGN: Mixed methods study (cross-sectional survey and online discussions). SETTING: We used social media to advertise the study to mother/parenting groups. Online discussion groups were conducted through Google Groups. PARTICIPANTS: Women during pregnancy and in the postpartum period and placenta encapsulation specialists with Internet access...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30489127/relationship-of-abuse-by-religious-authorities-to-depression-religiosity-and-child-physical-abuse-history-in-a-college-sample
#11
Jessica M Stevens, Meline A Arzoumanian, Brittany Greenbaum, B Morgan Schwab, Constance J Dalenberg
OBJECTIVE: Discussion of sexual abuse by religious authorities has been plagued by allegations of false memories and misreports, often attributed to media attention. An analysis of a historical archive with information on abuse by religious and other authority figures and coexisting psychopathology is extremely useful to the current debate on outcomes of sexual abuse. METHOD: The present study utilizes a database from the late 1970s that contains data on physical abuse and sexual abuse by various perpetrator types as well as on symptoms of depression, anxiety, and religiosity in a college population sample...
November 29, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30487941/the-association-of-adolescent-facebook-behaviours-with-symptoms-of-social-anxiety-generalized-anxiety-and-depression
#12
Nida Muzaffar, Eudys Briceno Brito, Joshua Fogel, David Fagan, Krishan Kumar, Rita Verma
Objective: Social media use and especially Facebook use is highly prevalent among adolescents. We study the association of symptoms of social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and depression with behaviours performed by adolescents when logged onto Facebook. Method: We surveyed 102 adolescents about social anxiety symptoms using the Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents and symptoms of generalized anxiety, depression, and general distress using the Mini Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire...
November 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482031/a-typology-of-social-networks-and-its-relationship-to-psychological-well-being-in-korean-adults
#13
Nan Sook Park, David A Chiriboga, Soondool Chung
The purposes of this study were to (a) develop an empirical typology of the social networks in Korean adults aged 18 years or older and (b) examine the relation of network types on depressive symptoms and satisfaction with life. Data for this study were drawn from the survey with 1,017 community-dwelling adults aged 18 years or older in South Korea representing three life stages: young adults, middle-aged adults, and older adults. Latent profile analysis was conducted based on eight social network-related variables: marital status, living arrangement, number of family confidants, number of friend confidants, frequency of contact with friends using phone or social media, frequency of participation in social groups, frequency of conversation with neighbors, and perceived closeness of family...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30442532/using-skype-to-beat-the-blues-longitudinal-data-from-a-national-representative-sample
#14
Alan R Teo, Sheila Markwardt, Ladson Hinton
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether use of certain types of online communication technology is associated with subsequent depressive symptoms. DESIGN: Nationally representative, population-based prospective cohort. SETTING: Data were obtained from the 2012 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). PARTICIPANTS: 1,424 community-residing older adults (mean age, 64.8) in the United States. MEASUREMENTS: We examined associations between use of four communication technologies (email, social networks, video chat, and instant messaging) in 2012 and depressive symptoms (eight-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale) at two-year follow-up...
October 29, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416401/alcohol-text-messages-a-developmental-study
#15
Maryanne Robinson, R B Wilkinson, R Fletcher, R Bruno, A L Baker, L Maher, J Wroe, A J Dunlop
Risky paternal alcohol use is associated with maternal alcohol use during pregnancy, poor fetal and infant outcomes, domestic violence and depression. This study developed 30 SMS text messages about alcohol for fathers who drink at risky levels . The text messages were developed using two motivational styles: messages presented in a second person voice and the same messages presented in a child's voice. Fifty-one fathers were recruited through social media to complete an online survey rating the SMS text messages for message importance and likelihood of seeking further information and measuring risky alcohol use and psychosocial distress...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401662/identifying-and-understanding-communities-using-twitter-to-connect-about-depression-cross-sectional-study
#16
Amber D DeJohn, Emily English Schulz, Amber L Pearson, E Megan Lachmar, Andrea K Wittenborn
BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of diseases globally and is often characterized by a lack of social connection. With the rise of social media, it is seen that Twitter users are seeking Web-based connections for depression. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify communities where Twitter users tweeted using the hashtag #MyDepressionLooksLike to connect about depression. Once identified, we wanted to understand which community characteristics correlated to Twitter users turning to a Web-based community to connect about depression...
November 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328020/psychometric-testing-of-three-chinese-online-related-addictive-behavior-instruments-among-hong-kong-university-students
#17
Chun-Wai Yam, Amir H Pakpour, Mark D Griffiths, Wai-Yan Yau, Cheuk-Long Matthew Lo, Jennifer M T Ng, Chung-Ying Lin, Hildie Leung
Given that there is a lack of instruments assessing internet-related addictions among Chinese population, this study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scales- Short Form (IGDS-SF9), Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), and Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) among Hong Kong university students. Participants aged between 17 and 30 years participated in the present study (n = 307; 32.4% males; mean [SD] age = 21.64 [8.11]). All the participants completed the IGDS-SF9, BSMAS, SABAS, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
October 16, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322910/facebook-language-predicts-depression-in-medical-records
#18
Johannes C Eichstaedt, Robert J Smith, Raina M Merchant, Lyle H Ungar, Patrick Crutchley, Daniel Preoţiuc-Pietro, David A Asch, H Andrew Schwartz
Depression, the most prevalent mental illness, is underdiagnosed and undertreated, highlighting the need to extend the scope of current screening methods. Here, we use language from Facebook posts of consenting individuals to predict depression recorded in electronic medical records. We accessed the history of Facebook statuses posted by 683 patients visiting a large urban academic emergency department, 114 of whom had a diagnosis of depression in their medical records. Using only the language preceding their first documentation of a diagnosis of depression, we could identify depressed patients with fair accuracy [area under the curve (AUC) = 0...
October 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318942/how-college-students-diagnosed-with-anxiety-disorders-and-or-depression-use-everyday-technology
#19
Lynn Gitlow, Blaire Janney, Caitlyn Lemery, Julianne McDonald, Bethany McGinley, Kristin Rabideau
Anxiety disorders and/or depression are the most frequently diagnosed mental health problems (MHP) among American college students. Everyday technology (EDT) is being used with those who have MHP to help them cope with the mental/cognitive disabilities arising from having anxiety and/or depression. Deveau investigated the types of EDT students with MHP use to manage their roles as college students. While this research indicated that individuals with MHP were open to learning about EDT they can use, the author recommended further investigation of the topic...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30297344/testing-the-information-motivation-behavioural-skills-model-of-diabetes-self-management-among-chinese-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-protocol-of-a-3-month-follow-up-study
#20
Tingting Liu, Dongmei Wu, Jing Wang, Changwei Li, Rumei Yang, Song Ge, Yan Du, Yanyan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Currently, China leads the world in the number of people with diabetes, making it home to a third of the global diabetic population. Persons with diabetes have to carry out 95% of their self-care. As an important component of diabetes care, diabetes self-management (DSM) is defined as everyday behaviours that persons carry out to control diabetes. Consistent findings have been reported that level of compliance to suggested DSM behaviours is not considered optimal among Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
October 8, 2018: BMJ Open
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