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Social Media Effects On Children

Aleeya Healey, Alan Mendelsohn
Play is essential to optimal child development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. It also offers an ideal and significant opportunity for parents and other caregivers to engage fully with children using toys as an instrument of play and interaction. The evolution of societal perceptions of toys from children's playthings to critical facilitators of early brain and child development has challenged caregivers in deciding which toys are most appropriate for their children...
December 3, 2018: Pediatrics
Jay Shah, Prithwijit Das, Nallammai Muthiah, Ruth Milanaik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, breakthroughs and advancements in new age technology have revolutionized the way children communicate and interact with the world around them. As social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat continue to grow in popularity, their usage has raised concerns about their role and impact on adolescent development and behavior. This review examines the psychosocial implications of social media usage on youth outcomes related to body image, socialization, and adolescent development...
November 30, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Friederike Hammersen, Telja Pursche, Dorothea Fischer, Alexander Katalinic, Annika Waldmann
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which cancer patients are well-informed can have manifold effects. The aim of this study was to explore both the sources of information that young breast cancer patients with children use and how they evaluate the information obtained. METHODS: Participants were recruited within a rehabilitation program for young mothers with non-metastatic breast cancer (the Groemitz project "gemeinsam gesund werden"). Data on information seeking, the level of information, socio-demographic data and clinical characteristics were collected using a questionnaire...
November 22, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Limin Buchanan, Heather Yeatman, Bridget Kelly, Kishan Kariippanon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the nature and extent of, and level of user-engagement with, appealing strategies used by the food industry to promote energy drinks on digital platforms. METHODS: Thematic content analysis was employed to code the textual and visual elements of the data that were extracted from the online media pages of nine energy drinks, including posts on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and content of websites and advergames. RESULTS: Four main themes were derived from the 624 textual and visual elements of digital marketing content of energy drink brands, including online social connectivity, desired social identity, enhancement of performance and enhancement of mood...
October 29, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Bonnie Lashewicz, Nick Boettcher, Amanada Lo, Leah Shipton, Beth Parrott
Using media reports of high divorce rates among couples of children with ASD as a point of departure, our purpose in this paper is to examine how married fathers of children with ASD understand their marriages relative to the demands of ASD and in the context of media reports of elevated divorce rates among parents raising children with ASD. We begin with a review of select literature pertaining to the impact of ASD on marriages and we include a brief account of popular media portrayals of the influence of having a child with a developmental disability, and ASD in particular, on marriages...
October 22, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Martin P Paulus, Lindsay M Squeglia, Kara Bagot, Joanna Jacobus, Rayus Kuplicki, Florence J Breslin, Jerzy Bodurka, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Wesley K Thompson, Hauke Bartsch, Susan F Tapert
The adolescent brain undergoes profound structural changes which is influenced by many factors. Screen media activity (SMA; e.g., watching television or videos, playing video games, or using social media) is a common recreational activity in children and adolescents; however, its effect on brain structure is not well understood. A multivariate approach with the first cross-sectional data release from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study was used to test the maturational coupling hypothesis, i...
October 16, 2018: NeuroImage
Jacqueline Burgess, Kerrianne Watt, Roy M Kimble, Cate M Cameron
BACKGROUND: New technologies, internet accessibility, social media, and increased smartphone ownership provide new opportunities for health researchers to communicate and engage target audiences. An innovative burn prevention intervention was developed using these channels. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Cool Runnings, an app-based intervention to increase knowledge of childhood burn risk (specifically hot beverage scalds) and correct burn first aid among mothers of young children...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ina M Koning, Margot Peeters, Catrin Finkenauer, Regina J J M van den Eijnden
INTRODUCTION: This two-wave prospective study investigated the bidirectional relation between Internet-specific parenting (reactive restrictions, Internet-specific rules, and frequency and quality of communication about Internet) and adolescents' symptoms of social media disorder (SMD) and Internet gaming disorder (IGD). In addition, we investigated whether this relation was different for boys and girls. METHODS: A sample of 352 adolescents (48.9% boys, Mage  = 13...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Giordano Pérez-Gaxiola, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren
Introducción: Todos los días, las personas se enfrentan a afirmaciones acerca de tratamientos en medios de comunicación, redes sociales o por viva voz. Objetivo: Validar un cuestionario en español para medir las habilidades de un individuo para evaluar afirmaciones acerca de tratamientos. Método: Veintidós preguntas de opción múltiple de la base de datos Claim Evaluation Tools fueron traducidas y aplicadas a 172 niños y 268 adultos...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Sunny S Kim, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Lan Mai Tran, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Mohammad Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Sustained improvements in infant and young child feeding (IYCF) require continued implementation of effective interventions. From 2010-2014, Alive & Thrive (A&T) provided intensive interpersonal counseling (IPC), community mobilization (CM), and mass media (MM) in Bangladesh, demonstrating impact on IYCF practices. Since 2014, implementation has been continued and scaled up by national partners with support from other donors and with modifications such as added focus on maternal nutrition and reduced program intensity...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Lauren Spinner, Lindsey Cameron, Rachel Calogero
Extensive evidence has documented the gender stereotypic content of children's media, and media is recognized as an important socializing agent for young children. Yet, the precise impact of children's media on the endorsement of gender-typed attitudes and behaviors has received less scholarly attention. We investigated the impact of stereotypic and counter-stereotypic peers pictured in children's magazines on children's gender flexibility around toy play and preferences, playmate choice, and social exclusion behavior ( n  = 82, age 4-7 years-old)...
2018: Sex Roles
Kimberly Bissell, Kim Baker, Sarah E Pember, Xueying Zhang, Yiyi Yang
The relationship between media use, family dynamics, and school environments on a child's likelihood to be overweight or obese is an area of research with limited empirical evidence; however, reports have indicated that children are increasingly developing more negative habits related to their health. The purpose of the present study was to employ a social ecological perspective in determining the effectiveness of a longitudinal health literacy/health intervention program on children's nutritional knowledge, attitudes toward healthy eating and exercise, food preferences, and eating behavior...
August 24, 2018: Health Communication
Essi Heinonen, Barbara Szymanska-von Schultz, Viktor Kaldo, Josefine Nasiell, Ewa Andersson, Mikaela Bergmark, Margareta Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Lisa Forsberg, Erik Forsell, Anna Forsgren, Sandra Frööjd, Amy Goldman, Eva-Mari Nordenadler, Myrto Sklivanioti, Mats Blennow, Katarina Wide, Lars L Gustafsson
INTRODUCTION: Ten per cent of all pregnant women are depressed. Standard therapy of pregnant women with moderate depression is selective serotonin reuptakeinhibitors (SSRI). Observational studies on neurodevelopment after fetal SSRI exposure show conflicting results. Our primary objective is to compare the cognitive development in children exposed to sertraline and maternal depression with those exposed to maternal depression and placebo in utero. We hypothesise that there is a significant neurodevelopmental difference between the groups...
August 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Kelly Kelleher, Jason Reece, Megan Sandel
: media-1vid110.1542/5799877332001PEDS-VA_2018-0261 Video Abstract : Extreme poverty and the associated effects, such as blight, housing insecurity, and crime, have debilitating consequences on child development. Health care institutions are largely ineffective in changing those outcomes 1 child at a time. We present a case study of a hospital treating the adjacent neighborhood as a "patient" to address social determinants. The community represents a largely impoverished and housing-unstable neighborhood that underwent an assessment by community partners and treatment with a multifaceted housing intervention...
September 2018: Pediatrics
Norliza Ahmad, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Firdaus Mukhtar, Munn-Sann Lye
BACKGROUND: Social media may be an effective medium by which parents could be trained to promote healthy eating behaviour and physical activity for their children. This trial evaluates the effectiveness of a family-based intervention using social media in combination with face-to-face sessions - the REDUCE (REorganise Diet, Unnecessary sCreen time and Exercise) programme - on adiposity of Malay children. METHODS: Five primary schools in an urban area in Selangor, Malaysia participated in this two-arm randomized controlled field trial...
August 2, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Sarah E DeYoung, Jodine Chase, Michelle Pensa Branco, Benjamin Park
Objectives We examine the ways in which the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire evacuation affected infant feeding. Our primary objective is to understand the decisions and perceptions of primary caregivers of children age 0-36 months who evacuated from Fort McMurray, Canada. Methods We used a mixed methods approach to assess the overall impact that the evacuation had on infant feeding. Specific outcome variables for the quantitative research are: decision-making, access to support and resources, and changes in routine...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Minsoo Jung
Even though they are important determinants for increasing vaccination rates in advanced and developing nations alike, maternal capacity and decisional authority have not been fully elucidated in diverse countries and cultural spheres. This study examined the effects of South Korean, Chinese, and Japanese mothers' health literacy, self-efficacy, mass media use, and decisional authority on their children's vaccination after adjustment for their socioeconomic statuses. Computer-assisted web interviews were conducted with married women in their 20s-40s of South Korean, Chinese, or Japanese nationality (n = 1,571)...
2018: PloS One
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Paul J Frick, Vicki Anderson, Caroline Moul, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Eva R Kimonis, David Hawes, Mark R Dadds
There is substantial evidence that parenting programs are effective in improving parenting and child mental health outcomes. While there is increasing focus on delivering parenting interventions online to increase their reach and dissemination, fathers are underrepresented in all formats of parenting programs. However, research suggests that father participation is important for intervention effectiveness. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a media campaign for increasing awareness of, and participation in, an online father-inclusive parenting program called 'ParentWorks'...
July 9, 2018: Health Communication
Megan A Moreno, Aubrey D Gower, Marina C Jenkins, Bradley Kerr, Jesse Gritton
BACKGROUND: Youth exposure to positive marijuana messages increases their risk of marijuana use. Since Washington State legalized recreational marijuana in 2012, marijuana businesses have used social media business pages to promote their products. Regulations to prevent youth access and targeting by marijuana businesses on social media in Washington State are absent. The purpose of this study was to engage youth in conceptualizing prevention approaches to limit youth exposure to marijuana business promotions on social media...
July 2, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Datis Khajeheian, Amir Mohammad Colabi, Nordiana Binti Ahmad Kharman Shah, Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi
Through public health studies, specifically on child obesity modeling, research scholars have been attempting to identify the factors affecting obesity using suitable statistical techniques. In recent years, regression, structural equation modeling (SEM) and partial least squares (PLS) regression have been the most widely employed statistical modeling techniques in public health studies. The main objective of this study to apply the Taguchi method to introduce a new pattern rather than a model for analyzing the body mass index (BMI) of children as a representative of childhood obesity levels mainly related to social media use...
June 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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