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Social Media Effects On Children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082365/magdalena-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial-on-cognitive-development-at-2-years-of-age-in-children-exposed-to-ssri-in-utero
#1
Essi Heinonen, Barbara Szymanska-von Schultz, Viktor Kaldo, Josefine Nasiell, Ewa Andersson, Mikaela Bergmark, Margareta Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Lisa Forsberg, Erik Forsell, Anna Forsgren, Sandra Frööjd, Amy Goldman, Eva-Mari Nordenadler, Myrto Sklivanioti, Mats Blennow, Katarina Wide, Lars L Gustafsson
INTRODUCTION: Ten per cent of all pregnant women are depressed. Standard therapy of pregnant women with moderate depression is selective serotonin reuptakeinhibitors (SSRI). Observational studies on neurodevelopment after fetal SSRI exposure show conflicting results. Our primary objective is to compare the cognitive development in children exposed to sertraline and maternal depression with those exposed to maternal depression and placebo in utero. We hypothesise that there is a significant neurodevelopmental difference between the groups...
August 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076188/the-healthy-neighborhood-healthy-families-initiative
#2
Kelly Kelleher, Jason Reece, Megan Sandel
: media-1vid110.1542/5799877332001PEDS-VA_2018-0261 Video Abstract : Extreme poverty and the associated effects, such as blight, housing insecurity, and crime, have debilitating consequences on child development. Health care institutions are largely ineffective in changing those outcomes 1 child at a time. We present a case study of a hospital treating the adjacent neighborhood as a "patient" to address social determinants. The community represents a largely impoverished and housing-unstable neighborhood that underwent an assessment by community partners and treatment with a multifaceted housing intervention...
August 3, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071855/family-based-intervention-using-face-to-face-sessions-and-social-media-to-improve-malay-primary-school-children-s-adiposity-a-randomized-controlled-field-trial-of-the-malaysian-reduce-programme
#3
Norliza Ahmad, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Firdaus Mukhtar, Munn-Sann Lye
BACKGROUND: Social media may be an effective medium by which parents could be trained to promote healthy eating behaviour and physical activity for their children. This trial evaluates the effectiveness of a family-based intervention using social media in combination with face-to-face sessions - the REDUCE (REorganise Diet, Unnecessary sCreen time and Exercise) programme - on adiposity of Malay children. METHODS: Five primary schools in an urban area in Selangor, Malaysia participated in this two-arm randomized controlled field trial...
August 2, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054788/the-effect-of-mass-evacuation-on-infant-feeding-the-case-of-the-2016-fort-mcmurray-wildfire
#4
Sarah E DeYoung, Jodine Chase, Michelle Pensa Branco, Benjamin Park
Objectives We examine the ways in which the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire evacuation affected infant feeding. Our primary objective is to understand the decisions and perceptions of primary caregivers of children age 0-36 months who evacuated from Fort McMurray, Canada. Methods We used a mixed methods approach to assess the overall impact that the evacuation had on infant feeding. Specific outcome variables for the quantitative research are: decision-making, access to support and resources, and changes in routine...
July 27, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001397/the-effect-of-maternal-decisional-authority-on-children-s-vaccination-in-east-asia
#5
Minsoo Jung
Even though they are important determinants for increasing vaccination rates in advanced and developing nations alike, maternal capacity and decisional authority have not been fully elucidated in diverse countries and cultural spheres. This study examined the effects of South Korean, Chinese, and Japanese mothers' health literacy, self-efficacy, mass media use, and decisional authority on their children's vaccination after adjustment for their socioeconomic statuses. Computer-assisted web interviews were conducted with married women in their 20s-40s of South Korean, Chinese, or Japanese nationality (n = 1,571)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985642/evaluation-of-the-father-effect-media-campaign-to-increase-awareness-of-and-participation-in-an-online-father-inclusive-parenting-program
#6
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Paul J Frick, Vicki Anderson, Caroline Moul, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Eva R Kimonis, David Hawes, Mark R Dadds
There is substantial evidence that parenting programs are effective in improving parenting and child mental health outcomes. While there is increasing focus on delivering parenting interventions online to increase their reach and dissemination, fathers are underrepresented in all formats of parenting programs. However, research suggests that father participation is important for intervention effectiveness. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a media campaign for increasing awareness of, and participation in, an online father-inclusive parenting program called 'ParentWorks'...
July 9, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961426/marijuana-promotions-on-social-media-adolescents-views-on-prevention-strategies
#7
Megan A Moreno, Aubrey D Gower, Marina C Jenkins, Bradley Kerr, Jesse Gritton
BACKGROUND: Youth exposure to positive marijuana messages increases their risk of marijuana use. Since Washington State legalized recreational marijuana in 2012, marijuana businesses have used social media business pages to promote their products. Regulations to prevent youth access and targeting by marijuana businesses on social media in Washington State are absent. The purpose of this study was to engage youth in conceptualizing prevention approaches to limit youth exposure to marijuana business promotions on social media...
July 2, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949902/effect-of-social-media-on-child-obesity-application-of-structural-equation-modeling-with-the-taguchi-method
#8
Datis Khajeheian, Amir Mohammad Colabi, Nordiana Binti Ahmad Kharman Shah, Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi
Through public health studies, specifically on child obesity modeling, research scholars have been attempting to identify the factors affecting obesity using suitable statistical techniques. In recent years, regression, structural equation modeling (SEM) and partial least squares (PLS) regression have been the most widely employed statistical modeling techniques in public health studies. The main objective of this study to apply the Taguchi method to introduce a new pattern rather than a model for analyzing the body mass index (BMI) of children as a representative of childhood obesity levels mainly related to social media use...
June 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869894/health-information-sources-perceived-vaccination-benefits-and-maintenance-of-childhood-vaccination-schedules
#9
Juwon Hwang, Dhavan V Shah
Parental concerns over the safety or necessity of childhood vaccination have increased over the past decades. At the same time, there has been a proliferation of vaccine-related information available through a range of health information sources. This study investigates the associations between evaluations of health information sources, parental perceptions of childhood vaccination benefits, and the maintenance of vaccination schedules for their children. Specifically, this study aims to (a) incorporate social media into the battery of health information sources and (b) differentiate households with a childhood autism diagnosis and those without, given unsubstantiated but persistent concerns about vaccine safety and autism...
June 5, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755250/guiding-young-children-s-digital-media-use-ses-differences-in-mediation-concerns-and-competence
#10
Peter Nikken, Suzanna J Opree
Previous research about parents' mediation of their young children's (digital) media use has predominantly focused on the different types, determinants, and effectiveness of parental mediation strategies. Although research on parents' perceived mediation concerns and competences is scarce, it is known that, compared to mothers and high-educated parents, fathers and low-educated parents experience greater insecurity (i.e., higher concern and lower competence) when applying media mediation. Based on Bourdieu's theory of social capital it may be expected that-in addition to educational level-marital status and family income predict parents' perceived mediation concerns and competences: Family demographics may predict parents' media proficiency and adoption of new media technologies and these media ecological factors may, in turn, affect perceived concerns and competences...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740573/tweeting-and-eating-the-effect-of-links-and-likes-on-food-hypersensitive-consumers-perceptions-of-tweets
#11
Richard J T Hamshaw, Julie Barnett, Jane S Lucas
Moving on from literature that focuses on how consumers use social media and the benefits of organizations utilizing platforms for health and risk communication, this study explores how specific characteristics of tweets affect the way in which they are perceived. An online survey with 251 participants with self-reported food hypersensitivity (FH) took part in an online experiment to consider the impact of tweet characteristics on perceptions of source credibility, message credibility, persuasiveness, and intention to act upon the presented information...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721652/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-school-based-media-education-and-reduction-intervention
#12
David S Bickham, Yulin Hswen, Ronald G Slaby, Michael Rich
While media education and reduction programs have been proposed to prevent adverse health and academic outcomes related to heavy electronic media use among school-aged children, few have been formally piloted and evaluated. We used a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of Take the Challenge (TtC), a school-based media education/reduction program for the primary prevention of sleep deprivation, dysfunctional social-emotional behaviors, and poor academic performance. Sixth- to eighth-grade students at a rural Midwestern U...
June 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651265/an-initial-cross-cultural-comparison-of-adult-playfulness-in-mainland-china-and-german-speaking-countries
#13
Dandan Pang, René T Proyer
Compared with playfulness in infants and children, playfulness in adults is relatively under-studied. Although there is no empirical research comparing differences in adult playfulness across cultures, one might expect variations between Western and Eastern societies such as China. While playfulness is typically seen as a positive trait in Western culture, there are hints in Chinese culture that being playful has negative connotations (e.g., associations with laziness and seeing play as the opposite of work)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650023/sustained-impact-of-energy-dense-tv-and-online-food-advertising-on-children-s-dietary-intake-a-within-subject-randomised-crossover-counter-balanced-trial
#14
Jennifer Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne-T McMahon, Emma Boyland, Louise A Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621163/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-educational-intervention-to-prevent-low-speed-vehicle-run-over-events-lessons-learned
#15
Bronwyn Griffin, Kerrianne Watt, Roy Kimble, Linda Shields
There is a growing body of literature regarding low speed vehicle runover (LSVRO) events among children. To date, no literature exists on evaluation of interventions to address this serious childhood injury. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour regarding LSVROs were assessed via survey at a shopping centre (pre-intervention), then five months later (post-intervention), to investigate the effect of a population level educational intervention in Queensland, Australia. Participants' knowledge regarding frequency of LSVRO events was poor...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589689/-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-among-low-socioeconomic-status-smokers-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Romain Guignard, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh, Olivier Delmer, Marie-Camille Lenormand, Jean-Marie Blanchoz, Pierre Arwidson
INTRODUCTION: In most western countries, smoking appears to be highly differentiated according to socio-economic level. Two systematic reviews published in 2014 showed that most of the recommended interventions for smoking cessation, particularly individual interventions, tend to increase social inequalities in health. An analysis of the most recent literature was carried out in order to provide policy makers and stakeholders with a set of evidence on the modalities of interventions to encourage and help disadvantaged smokers quit smoking...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553872/misinformation-on-vaccination-a-quantitative-analysis-of-youtube-videos
#17
Gabriele Donzelli, Giacomo Palomba, Ileana Federigi, Francesco Aquino, Lorenzo Cioni, Marco Verani, Annalaura Carducci, Pierluigi Lopalco
In Italy, the phenomenon of vaccine hesitancy has increased with time and represents a complex problem that requires a continuous monitoring. Misinformation on media and social media seems to be one of the determinants of the vaccine hesitancy since, for instance, 42.8 percent of Italian citizens used the internet to obtain vaccine information in 2016. This article reports a quantitative analysis of 560 YouTube videos related to the link between vaccines and autism or other serious side effects on children...
July 3, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536329/buffer-or-brake-the-role-of-sexuality-specific-parenting-in-adolescents-sexualized-media-consumption-and-sexual-development
#18
Geertjan Overbeek, Daphne van de Bongardt, Laura Baams
One main source of sexual socialization lies within family interactions. Especially sexuality-specific parenting may determine adolescents' sexual development-adolescents' sexual behavior and sexual risk behavior, sexualized media consumption and permissive sexual attitudes-to a significant extent, but different ideas exist about how this works. In this longitudinal study, we examined two hypotheses on how sexuality-specific parenting-parenting aimed specifically at children's sexual attitudes and behaviors-relates to adolescents' sexual development...
July 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499467/adverse-physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-screen-time-on-children-and-adolescents-literature-review-and-case-study
#19
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
July 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449199/implementation-of-digital-awareness-strategies-to-engage-patients-and-providers-in-a-lung-cancer-screening-program-retrospective-study
#20
Dana L Jessup, McKinley Glover Iv, Dania Daye, Lynda Banzi, Philip Jones, Garry Choy, Jo-Anne O Shepard, Efrén J Flores
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Despite mandated insurance coverage for eligible patients, lung cancer screening rates remain low. Digital platforms, including social media, provide a potentially valuable tool to enhance health promotion and patient engagement related to lung cancer screening (LCS). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess the effectiveness of LCS digital awareness campaigns on utilization of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) and visits to institutional online educational content...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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