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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817429/the-rising-challenge-of-training-physician-scientists-recommendations-from-a-canadian-national-consensus-conference
#1
Michael J Strong, Nick Busing, Danika L Goosney, Ken A Harris, Tanya Horsley, Alexandra Kuzyk, Lorelei Lingard, Wendy V Norman, Norman D Rosenblum, Tina Saryeddine, Xin Wang
Physician-scientists are individuals who actively participate in patient care, have undergone additional research training, and devote the majority of their time to research. Physician-scientists are traditionally the primary catalysts in bridging the translational gap-that is, the failure to link fundamental new knowledge in the pathobiology of disease with advances in health care and health policy in a timely manner. However, there has been a shift away from training physician-scientists, and financial support for the physician-scientist is diminishing globally, causing the translational gap to grow...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816063/acute-cardiovascular-care-association-position-paper-on-intensive-cardiovascular-care-units-an-update-on-their-definition-structure-organisation-and-function
#2
Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Hector Bueno, Gianni Casella, Elia De Maria, Donna Fitzsimons, Sigrun Halvorsen, Christian Hassager, Zaza Iakobishvili, Ahmed Magdy, Toomas Marandi, Jorge Mimoso, Alexander Parkhomenko, Susana Price, Richard Rokyta, Francois Roubille, Pranas Serpytis, Avi Shimony, Janina Stepinska, Diana Tint, Elina Trendafilova, Marco Tubaro, Christiaan Vrints, David Walker, Doron Zahger, Endre Zima, Robert Zuckerman, Maddalena Lettino
Acute cardiovascular care has progressed considerably since the last position paper was published 10 years ago. It is now a well-defined, complex field with demanding multidisciplinary teamworking. The Acute Cardiovascular Care Association has provided this update of the 2005 position paper on acute cardiovascular care organisation, using a multinational working group. The patient population has changed, and intensive cardiovascular care units now manage a large range of conditions from those simply requiring specialised monitoring, to critical cardiovascular diseases with associated multi-organ failure...
August 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815466/medical-students-perceptions-of-a%C3%A2-novel-institutional-incident-reporting-system-a%C3%A2-thematic-analysis
#3
Morris Gordon, Dillan Parakh
BACKGROUND: Errors in healthcare are a major patient safety issue, with incident reporting a key solution. The incident reporting system has been integrated within a new medical curriculum, encouraging medical students to take part in this key safety process. The aim of this study was to describe the system and assess how students perceived the reporting system with regards to its role in enhancing safety. METHODS: Employing a thematic analysis, this study used interviews with medical students at the end of the first year...
August 16, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793799/undergraduate-dermatology-education-in-canada-a-national-survey
#4
Angela Hu, Ron Vender
BACKGROUND: Canadian dermatology curriculum was reviewed in 1983, 1987, 1996, and 2008. All these surveys highlighted the disproportionately low level of dermatology teaching in relation to the significant amount of skin disease seen by physicians. Since the official adoption and dissemination of the Canadian Professors of Dermatology (CPD) core curriculum and competencies, there has been no assessment of how these changes have influenced dermatology curriculum. OBJECTIVE: This survey gathered information on the current status of undergraduate dermatology education across Canadian medical schools...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792300/an-exploration-of-experts-perceptions-on-the-use-of-interprofessional-education-to-support-collaborative-practice-in-the-care-of-community-living-older-adults
#5
Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid, Anita Fisher, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Tracey Chambers, Laurie Kennedy, Mona Morsy, Sinéad Dufour
Globally, as older adults are living longer and with more chronic conditions, there is a need to support their ability to age optimally in their homes and communities. Community-based interprofessional teams working closely with these older adults, their families, and informal caregivers will be instrumental in achieving this goal. Interprofessional education (IPE) is the means through which these teams can develop expertise in collaboratively working together with older adults. However, most IPE occurs in academic settings, and acute and long-term care sectors and little is known about IPE in the context of home and community care of older adults...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783108/professionals-recommended-strategies-to-improve-australian-adolescents-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#6
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: Education and policy measures within schools are valuable strategies to promote health. This study explored views of experienced food-related educators, researchers and policy-makers regarding their recommended strategies to improve Australian adolescents' knowledge of nutrition and food systems (N&FS). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-one experienced food-related experts from across Australia. Interviews were conducted either by telephone or face-to-face...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777891/musculoskeletal-ultrasound-instruction-in-adult-rheumatology-fellowship-programs
#7
Karina D Torralba, Amy C Cannella, Eugene Y Kissin, Marcy B Bolster, Lorena M Salto, Jay Higgs, Jonathan Samuels, Midori Jane Nishio, Gurjit S Kaeley, Amy Evangelisto, Paul De Marco, Minna J Kohler
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) in rheumatology in the United States has advanced through promotion of certification, standards of use, and core fellowship curriculum inclusion requiring exposure. In order to inform endeavors for curricular integration, the study objectives are to assess current program needs for curricular incorporation, and teaching methods being employed. METHODS: A needs assessment survey (S1) was sent to 113 rheumatology fellowship program directors...
August 4, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768947/present-activities-and-problems-of-home-medical-care-by-pharmacists
#8
Satomi Koga, Tetsunari Nishimura
 The rapidly aging population in Japan led to the revision of the dispensing fees, with reviews of the system for added fees on prescriptions for home-bound patients by one-pharmacist pharmacies. However, given the current situation, it is difficult for pharmacies to be engaged in home care, so there are few small pharmacies that are willing to do so. This situation led to a decrease in the number of pharmacists who are experienced in home care. Pharmacists are requesting that practical training in home care be included in the Model Core Curriculum...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768946/present-conditions-and-problems-of-home-care-education-in-pharmaceutical-education-through-the-activities-of-the-working-group-to-create-home-clinical-cases-for-education
#9
Yuko Kobuke
 In the pharmaceutical education model core curriculums revision, "basic qualities required as a pharmacist" are clearly shown, and "the method based on learning outcomes" has been adopted. One of the 10 qualities (No. 7) is "Practical ability of the health and medical care in the community". In the large item "F. Pharmaceutical clinical" of the model core curriculums, "participation in the home (visit) medical care and nursing care" is written in "participation in the health, medical care, and welfare of the community", and it is an important problem to offer opportunities of home medical care education at university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762989/investigational-overview-of-supervised-clinical-practice-experiences
#10
Bobbie Morici, Paul D Bradford, Joseph Leese
PURPOSE: While the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA) provides standards, there is variation allowed in design and implementation of supervised clinical practice experiences (SCPEs). Limited research has assessed for a correlation between SCPE design and program outcomes, including PANCE "First-Time Taker Pass Rate." The objective of this research is to evaluate for trends and best practices in clinical education design, as well as any correlation to PANCE pass rate...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756442/preparing-e-health-ready-graduates-a-qualitative-focus-group-study
#11
Deborah McGregor, Melanie Keep, Melissa Brunner, Anna Janssen, Deleana Quinn, Jennifer Avery, Leanne Togher, Tim Shaw
BACKGROUND: Well documented demand for an e-health ready workforce is placing increasing pressure on universities to deliver essential e-health education. AIM: We aimed to explore stakeholders' perceptions of e-health knowledge and skills anticipated of workforce-ready tertiary graduates from clinical health degree programs. METHOD: A qualitative research study of a purposively selected sample of 23 key informants with expertise and/or experience in e-health education, practice and/or policy was conducted...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734485/the-power-of-nursing-an-innovative-course-in-values-clarification-and-self-discovery
#12
Lisa Day, Scott R Ziehm, Martha A Jessup, Pattie Amedro, Carol Dawson-Rose, Anne Derouin, Betsy Babb Kennedy, Sally Manahan, Abby Luck Parish, Rachel Naomi Remen
Teaching for a practice is more than the dissemination of knowledge and information to the learner. Professional nursing education requires teachers to facilitate students' self-reflection and awareness and assimilation of core professional and personal values in order for the new nurse to anchor and internalize these values as part of a professional identity. To achieve this, nursing educators recognize the importance of learning opportunities centered in the affective domain and the importance of teaching for professional formation that supports nursing students' commitment to the values of their chosen community of practice...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728324/the-chicken-thigh-adductor-profundus-free-muscle-flap-a-novel-validated-non-living-microsurgery-simulation-training-model
#13
Georgios Pafitanis, Yasmine Serrar, Maria Raveendran, Ali Ghanem, Simon Myers
BACKGROUND: Simulation training is becoming an increasingly important component of skills acquisition in surgical specialties, including Plastic Surgery. Non-living simulation models have an established place in Plastic Surgical microsurgery training, and support the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement of animal use. A more sophisticated version of the basic chicken thigh microsurgery model has been developed to include dissection of a type 1-muscle flap and is described and validated here...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#14
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711646/rural-rotations-at-core-rarefied-exposure-or-real-experience
#15
Christopher Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Neil Patel, Awen Iorwerth, John Pollitt, Mark Holt, Wyn G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Surgical rotations involving rural General Hospitals (rGH) are frequently associated with recruitment challenges, partly because of adverse perceptions regarding distances from social support networks and training opportunities. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of core surgical training rotations involving rGHs when compared with urban hospitals in a single UK Deanery. DESIGN: Online Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme portfolios from 163 core surgical trainees (CST) were examined related to postlocation, operative experience, workplace-based assessments, and academic achievement...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694278/cultivating-the-inner-life-of-a-physician-through-written-reflection
#16
Andrea Vicini, Allen F Shaughnessy, Ashley P Duggan
All of us have an "inner life" that forms the core of who we are. It shapes and is shaped by our actions and experiences. During physician training, attention to residents' inner life requires a focus on their beliefs and emotions as well as their ethical and spiritual development, topics often considered to be outside the realm of clinical training and practice. We suggest that written reflections, as part of medical residency curriculum, can allow residents to explore their inner lives. The depth and range of residents' explorations show the value of adding brief, protected time for residents to explore their hopes, joys, struggles, and feelings, and to develop meaning from their experiences with patients...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693935/the-core-curriculum
#17
Jaume Ferrer, Júlia Sampol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693386/development-methodology-of-the-novel-endoscopic-stone-treatment-step-1-est-s1-training-assessment-curriculum
#18
Domenico Veneziano, Kamran Ahmed, Ben S E P Van Cleynenbreugel, Ali Serdar Gözen, Joan Palou, Kemal Sarica, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Francesco Sanguedolce, Patrick Honeck, Mario Alvarez-Maestro, Athanasios Papatsoris, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Francesco Greco, Alberto Breda, Bhaskar Somani
Background Simulation based technical-skill assessment is a core topic of debate, especially in high-risk environments. After the introduction of the E-BLUS exam for basic laparoscopy, no more technical training/assessment urological protocols have been developed in Europe. Objective We describe the methodology used in the development of the novel Endoscopic Stone Treatment step 1 (EST s1) assessment curriculum. Materials and Methods The "full life cycle curriculum development" template was followed for curriculum development...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691002/how-do-masters-of-public-health-programs-teach-monitoring-and-evaluation
#19
Himanshu Negandhi, Preeti Negandhi, Sanjay P Zodpey, Hemali Kulatilaka, Radhika Dayal, Lauren J Hart, Marybeth Grewe
INTRODUCTION: The health systems in developing countries face challenges because of deficient monitoring and evaluation (M&E) capacity with respect to their knowledge, skills, and practices. Strengthening M&E training in public health education can help overcome the gaps in M&E capacity. There is a need to advance the teaching of M&E as a core element of public health education. OBJECTIVES: To review M&E teaching across Masters of Public Health programs and to identify core competencies for M&E teaching in South Asian context...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687048/a-core-undergraduate-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-a-delphi-consensus-study-in-scandinavia
#20
Stian K Almeland, Andrew Lindford, Jais Oliver Berg, Emma Hansson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, undergraduate medical education has undergone a transition from a speciality-based to a more competence-based training system. Consequently, whilst medical knowledge is rapidly expanding, time for teaching of the surgical specialties is decreasing. Thus, there appears to be a need to define the core competences that are to be taught. The aim of this study was to establish a Scandinavian core undergraduate curriculum of competences in plastic surgery, using scientific methods...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
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