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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912809/emergency-nursing-review-questions-november-2016
#1
Tracy Shaw
The review questions that are featured in each of issue of JEN are based on the Emergency Nursing Core Curriculum and other pertinent resources to emergency nursing practice, pediatric and adult. These questions offer emergency nurses an opportunity to test their knowledge about their practice.
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911967/the-value-of-physical-examination-a-new-conceptual-framework
#2
Junaid Zaman, Abraham Verghese, Andrew Elder
The physical examination defines medical practice, yet its role is being questioned increasingly, with statistical comparisons of diagnostic accuracy often the sole metric used against newer technologies. We set out to highlight seven ways in which the physical examination has value beyond diagnostic accuracy to reaffirm its place in the core skills of a physician and guide future research, teaching, and curriculum design. We show that this more comprehensive approach to the physical examination of its "utility" beyond that of reaching a diagnosis can be beneficial to both doctor and patient...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911937/an-investigation-of-the-outcomes-of-pgy-students-cognition-of-and-persistent-behavior-in-learning-through-the-intervention-of-the-flipped-classroom-in-taiwan
#3
Sheng-Der Hsu, Cheng-Jueng Chen, Wei-Kuo Chang, Yih-Jin Hu
The Postgraduate Year (PGY) Program allows doctors-in-training to learn about the diagnosis, treatment and nursing of various common, general diseases. These items form the core curriculum and are mostly learned through caring for patients and clinical teaching. Doctors-in-training are evaluated for their knowledge through written tests or assignments, based on which the effectiveness of their training is also assessed; however, this generally produces a negative learning attitude among them. So we introduced the flipped classroom into PGY training program to change PGY students' learning behavior...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#4
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#5
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905907/addressing-asthma-and-obesity-in-children-with-community-health-workers-proof-of-concept-intervention-development
#6
Molly A Martin, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M Hoffman, Diana Plata, Sandra Villalpando
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity. METHODS: Using a proof of concept study design, we collected pre/post outcomes from a single intervention cohort of urban low-income in a single community area. A community-based participatory research approach was employed. Forty-six children and their caregivers were recruited. Children were 5-12 years old with physician-diagnosed asthma and body mass index (BMI) > 85%...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891553/core-curriculum-illustration-dural-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#7
Sibi Rajendran, Alex Pereira, Morgan Eckerd, Barbara Pawley
This is the 25th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as a part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for study online at http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
November 28, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890870/improving-the-quality-of-postgraduate-education-in-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-for-junior-residents-an-exploratory-survey-conducted-in-five-institutions-in-the-tohoku-area
#8
Shin Takayama, Seiichi Kobayashi, Soichiro Kaneko, Masao Tabata, Shinya Sato, Keiichi Ishikawa, Saya Suzuki, Ryutaro Arita, Natsumi Saito, Tetsuharu Kamiya, Hitoshi Nishikawa, Yuka Ikeno, Junichi Tanaka, Minoru Ohsawa, Akiko Kikuchi, Takehiro Numata, Hitoshi Kuroda, Michiaki Abe, Satoru Ishibashi, Nobuo Yaegashi, Tadashi Ishii
Traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine has been widely applied in general medicine in Japan. In 2001, the model core curriculum for Japanese medical education was revised to include Kampo medicine. Since 2007, all 80 Japanese medical schools have incorporated it within their programs. However, postgraduate training or instruction of Kampo medicine has not been recognized as a goal for the clinical training of junior residents by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; little is known about postgraduate Kampo medicine education...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877212/early-integration-of-palliative-care-in-oncology-practice-results-of-the-italian-association-of-medical-oncology-aiom-survey
#10
Vittorina Zagonel, Riccardo Torta, Vittorio Franciosi, Antonella Brunello, Guido Biasco, Daniela Cattaneo, Luigi Cavanna, Domenico Corsi, Gabriella Farina, Luisa Fioretto, Teresa Gamucci, Gaetano Lanzetta, Roberto Magarotto, Marco Maltoni, Cataldo Mastromauro, Barbara Melotti, Fausto Meriggi, Ida Pavese, Erico Piva, Cosimo Sacco, Giuseppe Tonini, Leonardo Trentin, Paola Ermacora, Antonella Varetto, Federica Merlin, Stefania Gori, Stefano Cascinu, Carmine Pinto
BACKGROUND: Early integration of palliative care in oncology practice ("simultaneous care", SC) has been shown to provide better care resulting in improved quality-of-life and also survival. We evaluated the opinions of Italian Association of Medical Oncology (AIOM) members. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 37-item questionnaire was delivered to 1119 AIOM members. Main areas covered were: social, ethical, relational aspects of disease and communication, training, research, organizational and management models in SC...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864163/developing-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-methods
#11
Fang Fang Zhang, Susan Meagher, Michael Scheurer, Sara Folta, Emily Finnan, Kerry Criss, Christina Economos, ZoAnn Dreyer, Michael Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in the field of oncology, survival rates for children with cancer have improved significantly. However, these childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases and for developing these conditions at an earlier age. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the rationale, conceptual framework, development process, novel components, and delivery plan of a behavioral intervention program for preventing unhealthy weight gain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863135/a-new-roadmap-for-the-journey-from-internist-to-rheumatologist
#12
Lisa G Criscione-Schreiber, Calvin R Brown, Kenneth S O'Rourke, Howard A Fuchs, Chaim Putterman, Irene J Tan, Joanne Valeriano-Marcet, Evelyn Hsieh, Sarah Zirkle, Marcy B Bolster
OBJECTIVE: Measurement is necessary to gauge improvement. U.S. training programs have not previously used shared standards to assess trainees' mastery of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to practice rheumatology competently. In 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Next Accreditation System (NAS) began requiring semi-annual evaluation of all medicine subspecialty fellows on 23 Internal Medicine Subspecialty Reporting Milestones. Since these Reporting Milestones are not subspecialty-specific, Rheumatology Curricular Milestones were needed to guide rheumatology fellowship training programs and fellows on the training journey from Internist to Rheumatologist...
November 11, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856553/crossing-the-threshold-bringing-biological-variation-to-the-foreground
#13
Janet M Batzli, Jennifer K Knight, Laurel M Hartley, April Cordero Maskiewicz, Elizabeth A Desy
Threshold concepts have been referred to as "jewels in the curriculum": concepts that are key to competency in a discipline but not taught explicitly. In biology, researchers have proposed the idea of threshold concepts that include such topics as variation, randomness, uncertainty, and scale. In this essay, we explore how the notion of threshold concepts can be used alongside other frameworks meant to guide instructional and curricular decisions, and we examine the proposed threshold concept of variation and how it might influence students' understanding of core concepts in biology focused on genetics and evolution...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852293/a-simulation-based-curriculum-to-introduce-key-teamwork-principles-to-entering-medical-students
#14
Arna Banerjee, Jason M Slagle, Nathaniel D Mercaldo, Ray Booker, Anne Miller, Daniel J France, Lisa Rawn, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Failures of teamwork and interpersonal communication have been cited as a major patient safety issue. Although healthcare is increasingly being provided in interdisciplinary teams, medical school curricula have traditionally not explicitly included the specific knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors required to function effectively as part of such teams. METHODS: As part of a new "Foundations" core course for beginning medical students that provided a two-week introduction to the most important themes in modern healthcare, a multidisciplinary team, in collaboration with the Center for Experiential Learning and Assessment, was asked to create an experiential introduction to teamwork and interpersonal communication...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852144/appreciative-inquiry-in-medical-education
#15
John Sandars, Deborah Murdoch-Eaton
The practice of medicine, and also medical education, typically adopts a problem-solving approach to identify "what is going wrong" with a situation. However, an alternative is Appreciative Inquiry (AI), which adopts a positive and strengths-based approach to identify "what is going well" with a situation. The AI approach can be used for the development and enhancement of the potential of both individuals and organizations. An essential aspect of the AI approach is the generative process, in which a new situation is envisioned and both individual and collective strengths are mobilized to make changes to achieve the valued future situation...
November 17, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847048/the-joint-council-on-thoracic-surgery-education-jctse-educate-the-educators-faculty-development-course-analysis-of-the-first-5-years
#16
Stephen C Yang, Ara A Vaporciyan, Rebecca J Mark, Deborah A DaRosa, Frank T Stritter, Maura E Sullivan, Edward D Verrier
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Joint Council on Thoracic Surgery Education, Inc (JCTSE) has sponsored an annual "Educate the Educators" (EtE) course. The goal is to provide United States academic cardiothoracic surgeons (CTS) the fundamentals of teaching skills, educational curriculum development, and using education for academic advancement. This report describes the course development and evaluation along with attendee's self-assessment of skills through the first 5 years of the program...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828888/approach-to-a-standardized-injury-prevention-coordinator-training-curriculum
#17
Pina Violano, Ian Weston, Glen Tinkoff
The effectiveness of trauma center-based injury prevention programs is constrained by a number of variables. These include the wide range of injury types, the variety of possible interventions, institutional support and funding, and the knowledge and experience of the persons responsible for these programs. As the field of injury prevention has increased in complexity, so must the role and professional development of these injury prevention professionals responsible for these programs. Trauma center-based injury prevention coordinators are a diverse group with variable education and professional background especially related to public health, advocacy, epidemiology, biostatistics, and research...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821376/a-cardiac-catheterisation-laboratory-core-curriculum-for-the-continuing-professional-development-of-nurses-and-allied-health-professions
#18
Lynne Hinterbuchner, Salomé Coelho, Ricardo Esteves, Sarah Carson, Lene Kløvgaard, Lino Gonçalves, Stephan Windecker, David Zughaft
AIMS: The aim is to provide a standard educational structure for nurses and allied professionals (NAP) specialising in interventional cardiology. The curriculum can also be used as a basis for training on a certificate- based level in interventional cardiology. METHODS AND RESULTS: The curriculum was developed by a panel of experts from various allied health professions. The syllabus focuses on nine core areas of themes essential for NAPs working in interventional cardiology...
November 8, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821141/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-healthcare-ethics-among-resident-doctors-and-ward-nurses-from-a-resource-poor-setting-nepal
#19
Samaj Adhikari, Kumar Paudel, Arja R Aro, Tara Ballav Adhikari, Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra
BACKGROUND: Healthcare ethics is neglected in clinical practice in LMICs (Low and Middle Income Countries) such as Nepal. The main objective of this study was to assess the current status of knowledge, attitude and practice of healthcare ethics among resident doctors and ward nurses in a tertiary teaching hospital in Nepal. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted among resident doctors (n = 118) and ward nurses (n = 86) in the largest tertiary care teaching hospital of Nepal during January- February 2016 with a self-administered questionnaire...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813682/challenges-in-translation-lessons-from-using-business-pedagogy-to-teach-leadership-in-undergraduate-medicine
#20
Dani C Cadieux, Lorelei Lingard, Daniela Kwiatkowski, Teresa Van Deven, Murray Bryant, Gary Tithecott
PROBLEM: Leadership is increasingly recognized as a core physician competency required for quality patient care, continual system improvement, and optimal healthcare team performance. Consequently, integration of leadership into medical school curriculum is becoming a priority. This raises the question of the appropriate context, timing, and pedagogy for conveying this competency to medical students. INTERVENTION: Our program introduced a 1-week leadership course grounded in business pedagogy to Year 1 medical students...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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