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Corticotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062945/the-management-of-infected-nonunion-of-tibia-with-a-segmental-defect-using-simultaneous-fixation-with-a-monorail-fixator-and-a-locked-plate
#1
S Gupta, A Malhotra, N Mittal, S K Garg, R Jindal, R Kansay
Aims: The aims of this study were to establish whether composite fixation (rail-plate) decreases fixator time and related problems in the management of patients with infected nonunion of tibia with a segmental defect, without compromising the anatomical and functional outcomes achieved using the classical Ilizarov technique. We also wished to study the acceptability of this technique using patient-based objective criteria. Patients and Methods: Between January 2012 and January 2015, 14 consecutive patients were treated for an infected nonunion of the tibia with a gap and were included in the study...
August 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972903/-evaluation-on-efficacy-of-corticotomy-facilitated-treatment-in-skeletal-class-%C3%A2-patients
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Cheng, C Y Zhao, M Li, C Q Pan, B Yan, L Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of corticotomy-facilitated orthodontics on the treatment time and final outcome in skeletal class Ⅱ division 1 patients. Methods: Twenty adult skeletal class Ⅱ division 1 patients treated with two maxillary first premolar extractions were included and randomly divided into two groups (the corticotomy group and the control group). The treatment time was recorded and the changes of soft and hard tissue were compared by using three-dimensional measurement and analysis of cone-beam CT images before and after treatment...
July 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963436/acceleration-of-intruding-anterior-tooth-by-alveolar-corticotomy
#3
M K Karthikeyan, Ruby Mathews, Ramachandra Prabhakar, R Saravanan, M Ramasamy, N Raj Vikram
True intrusion is one of the difficult and complex goals to achieve which requires clinical judgment, skills, and experience. Intrusion requires less force level than other tooth movement, but it requires delicacy since the entire stress is concentrated in the apex of the root. Although true intrusion alone is not challenging, eliminating the adverse effect while intruding requires tedious skills of the clinician. A 17-year-old male patient with Class I malocclusion with open bite has a prominent maxillary cortical bone...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931294/efficacy-of-piezocision-based-flapless-corticotomy-in-the-orthodontic-correction-of-severely-crowded-lower-anterior-teeth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Omar Gibreal, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Bassel Brad
Background: No randomized controlled trial (RCT) has compared flapless piezocision-assisted corticotomy in the extraction-based orthodontic decrowding of lower anterior teeth with the conventional treatment. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of flapless piezocision-assisted corticotomies in accelerating lower anterior teeth alignment. Trial design: A parallel-group RCT was conducted. Materials and methods: Thirty-six patients (mean age 20...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861407/bone-borne-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion-a-retrospective-three-dimensional-evaluation-of-the-asymmetry-in-expansion
#5
Martin P Huizinga, Jene W Meulstee, Pieter U Dijkstra, Rutger H Schepers, Johan Jansma
PURPOSE: Asymmetrical expansion occurs in patients treated with Surgically Assisted Rapid Maxillary Expansion (SARME). In the clinical setting, this asymmetrical expansion is seen in multiple directions. However, the frequency, actual directions and amount of asymmetry are unclear. Hence, the aim of this study was to analyze the directions and amount of asymmetrical lateral expansion in non-syndromic patients with transversal maxillary hypoplasia on employing bone-borne transpalatal distraction by means of SARME...
August 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779288/-advances-in-surgical-techniques-of-periodontal-corticotomy
#6
Si-Yu Wang, Zhen-Dong Wang, Bin Yan
The number of adults seeking orthodontic treatment is increasing. Shortening the course of orthodontic treatment has become a research hotspot in recent years. Methods of accelerating tooth movement have been reported. Theoretical and clinical studies have confirmed that periodontal corticotomy is effective in accelerating tooth movement and increasing osteogenic potential. Many surgical techniques of periodontal corticotomy have been developed. This review summarizes the history of periodontal corticotomy and the development of the surgical techniques in recent years, thereby providing references for the clinical application of corticotomy...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732306/the-effectiveness-of-corticotomy-and-piezocision-on-canine-retraction-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Nita Viwattanatipa, Satadarun Charnchairerk
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness and complications of corticotomy and piezocision in canine retraction. Five electronic databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Embase, and CENTRAL) were searched for articles published up to July 2017. The databases were searched for randomized control trials (RCTs), with a split-mouth design, using either corticotomy or piezocision. The primary outcome reported for canine retraction was either the amount of tooth movement, rate of tooth movement, or treatment time...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716807/endoport-assisted-surgical-evacuation-of-a-deep-seated-cerebral-abscess
#8
Shayan Moosa, Dale Ding, Panagiotis Mastorakos, Jason P Sheehan, Kenneth C Liu, Robert M Starke
Conventional surgical treatment for cerebral abscesses includes craniotomy or stereotactic aspiration. Deep-seated, large abscesses pose a challenge to neurosurgeons, due to the risk of injury to the cortex and white matter tracts secondary to the brain retraction necessary to access the lesion. The endoport is a tubular conduit that can be employed for minimally invasive approaches to deep-seated intracranial lesions, and it may reduce the length of dural opening, size of corticotomy, and retraction-related injury...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714068/effects-of-different-force-magnitudes-on-corticotomy-assisted-orthodontic-tooth-movement-in-rats
#9
Kriangkrai Kraiwattanapong, Bancha Samruajbenjakun
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of light and heavy forces with corticotomy on tooth movement rate, alveolar bone response, and root resorption in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The right and left sides of 40 male Wistar rats were randomly assigned using the split-mouth design to two groups: light force with corticotomy (LF) and heavy force with corticotomy (HF). Tooth movement was performed on the maxillary first molars using a nickel-titanium closed-coil spring delivering either 10 g (light force) or 50 g (heavy force)...
May 1, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685857/three-dimensional-printing-as-a-technology-supporting-the-treatment-of-lower-limb-deformity-and-shortening-with-the-ilizarov-method
#10
Piotr Morasiewicz, Karolina Burzyńska, Wiktor Orzechowski, Szymon Łukasz Dragan, Szymon Feliks Dragan, Jarosław Filipiak
BACKGROUND: Treatment of multiplanar deformities, especially in younger children, requires construction of a complex Ilizarov fixator, frequently with small dimensions. The aim of this study is to verify clinical application of a3D-printed bone model in treatment with the Ilizarov method. METHODS: The study involved a 6-year-old child in whom clinical and radiological examination revealed multiplanar deformity of the right leg. Then, 3D models of individual bones were printed by means of additive manufacturing and were used as a scaffold to install the Ilizarov apparatus...
July 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628425/corticotomy-assisted-orthodontic-camouflage-in-a-class-iii-adult-patient-with-a-severe-transverse-discrepancy
#11
Antonio Gracco, Marco Finotti, Giovanni Bruno, Alberto de Stefani
A 25-year-old man presented with a maxillary transverse discrepancy, posterior cross bite, anterior open bite, molar and canine class III. Treatment included a corticotomy in the upper lateral and posterior teeth, a palatal expansor and a sectional archwire to assist the expansion. The following treatment phase included bonding with Incognito System lingual appliance, interproximal reduction to solve the crowding and bite blocks to control the verticality. Two months after the bonding intermaxillary class III elastics were used to solve the sagittal discrepancy and eight months after the bonding vertical elastics were used in order to solve the anterior open bite until the end of the treatment...
June 2018: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627850/clinical-outcomes-with-the-corticotomy-first-technique-associated-with-the-ilizarov-method-for-the-management-of-the-septic-long-bones-non-union
#12
Gamal Ahmed Hosny, Abdel-Salam Abdel-Aleem Ahmed, Mohamed Abd-Elaal Hussein
PURPOSE: Corticotomy is an integral part of the Ilizarov method on management of infected nonunited fractures that are challenging orthopaedic surgeons. However, the presence of active draining sinuses may contaminate the operative field with the potential of developing corticotomy site infection. The authors present a surgical technique aiming at minimizing or avoiding the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) in the corticotomy zone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 144 cases of draining infected nonunions were treated by Ilizarov fixator using the corticotomy-first technique...
April 7, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618124/microsurgical-resection-of-a-large-intraventricular-trigonal-tumor-3-dimensional-operative-video
#13
Chun-Yu Cheng, Rakshith Shetty, Laligam N Sekhar
A 62-yr-old woman presented with incidentally detected left trigonal mass by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed during workup for left-sided hearing loss and vertigo of 5-yr duration. Due to persistent dizziness, headache, and progressive enlargement of the tumor in follow-up scans, operation was planned. Because the tumor extended superiorly, a superior parietal lobule approach was selected.She underwent a left parietal craniotomy. A strip electrode was used to localize the motor and sensory regions, and neuronavigation was used to confirm the entry site...
March 30, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617793/the-effect-of-biologic-factors-and-adjunctive-therapies-on-orthodontically-induced-inflammatory-root-resorption-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Linn Haugland, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Stein Atle Lie, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic
Objective: Biologic factors and adjunctive therapies are known to affect the degree of orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR). However, a systematic overall assessment of their impact on OIIRR has not previously been reported. We, therefore, aimed to systematically assess effects on OIIRR of biologic factors and adjunctive therapies in human and animal subjects. Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was performed for all major electronic databases...
May 25, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571564/balance-and-lower-limb-loads-distribution-after-ilizarov-corticotomy
#15
Piotr Morasiewicz, Wiktor Urbański, Mirosław Kulej, Szymon Łukasz Dragan, Szymon Feliks Dragan, Łukasz Pawik
INTRODUCTION: Normal balance and symmetric distribution of lower limb loads are associated with adequate muscle strength, joint mobility and proprioception. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of lower limb loads and balance prior to and after axis correction and lengthening with Ilizarov method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective analysis included 20 patients from our clinic, who have been subjected to distraction-corrective lower limb corticotomies with the Ilizarov method in 2014-2015...
April 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564219/adjunctive-buccal-and-palatal-corticotomy-for-adult-maxillary-expansion-in-an-animal-model
#16
My Huy Thuc Le, Seng Fong Lau, Norliza Ibrahim, Abu Kasim Noor Hayaty, Zamri Bin Radzi
Objective: This study aimed to explore the usefulness of adjunctive buccal and palatal corticotomy for adult maxillary expansion in an animal model using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: Twelve adult sheep were randomly divided into two groups (each n = 6): a control group, where no treatment was administered, and a treatment group, where buccal and palatal corticotomy-assisted maxillary expansion was performed. CBCT scans were taken before (T1) and after (T2) treatment...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556455/can-corticotomy-with-or-without-bone-grafting-expand-the-limits-of-safe-orthodontic-therapy
#17
Federico Brugnami, Alfonso Caiazzo, Pushkar Mehra
Purpose: To assess whether concomitant particulate bone grafting makes a difference in the ability to safely orthodontically reposition teeth outside the bony envelope after corticotomy. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent corticotomy as part of their orthodontic therapy for treatment of severe crowding. Patients were divided as: a) Group 1: corticotomy with bone grafting, and, b) Group 2: corticotomy without bone grafting. CT scan examinations were performed before and at the end of the treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507911/magnetic-bead-based-salivary-peptidome-profiling-for-accelerated-osteogenic-orthodontic-treatments
#18
Jia Qi Wu, Jiu Hui Jiang, Li Xu, Cheng Liang, Xiu Jing Wang, Yunyang Bai
OBJECTIVE: To identify a panel of differentially expressed candidate biomarkers for patients undergoing accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (AOO). METHODS: This study included 36 saliva samples taken from six Class III surgical patients at six time points: the date before the corticotomy procedure (T1) and at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months and 6 months after the procedure (T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6, respectively). After the maxillary dental arch was aligned and levelled, AOO procedures were performed in the maxillary alveolar bone...
2018: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493244/surgically-facilitated-orthodontic-therapy-optimizing-dentoalveolar-bone-and-space-appropriation-for-facially-prioritized-interdisciplinary-dentofacial-therapy
#19
George A Mandelaris, Bradley S DeGroot, Robert Relle, Brian Shah, Iwei Huang, Brian S Vence
Comorbidities that negatively impact orthodontic (malocclusion), periodontal (periodontitis, deficient dentoalveolar bone volume, mucogingival), and prosthetic (structural integrity compromise from caries, attrition, and erosion) conditions can affect the general health of the patient. In addition, emerging data highlights the importance of undiagnosed airway volume deficiencies and sleep-disordered breathing conditions in the adult and pediatric population. Deficiencies in dentoalveolar bone and discrepancies in skeletal relationships can impact the volume of hard- and soft-tissue structures of the periodontium and decrease oral cavity volume...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491592/piezosurgery-%C3%A2-assisted-periodontally-accelerated-osteogenic-orthodontics
#20
Vikas Vilas Pakhare, Chinmay Harishchandra Khandait, Sunita Satish Shrivastav, Prasad Vijayrao Dhadse, Vidya Sudhindhra Baliga, Vasudevan Dwarkanathan Seegavadi
Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontic procedure has become useful adjunct to reduce orthodontic treatment time as compared with conventional orthodontics. This case demonstrates the use of Piezosurgery® to facilitate rapid tooth movement with relatively shorter treatment time. A 23-year-old male with Angles Class I malocclusion having spaced anterior teeth and protrusion requested orthodontic treatment with reduced time period. Before surgery, presurgical orthodontic treatment was done to do initial alignment of the teeth...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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