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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928904/depletion-of-the-third-complement-component-ameliorates-age-dependent-oxidative-stress-and-positively-modulates-autophagic-activity-in-aged-retinas-in-a-mouse-model
#1
Dorota Rogińska, Miłosz P Kawa, Ewa Pius-Sadowska, Renata Lejkowska, Karolina Łuczkowska, Barbara Wiszniewska, Kai Kaarniranta, Jussi J Paterno, Christian A Schmidt, Bogusław Machaliński, Anna Machalińska
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of complement component C3 global depletion on the biological structure and function of the aged retina. In vivo morphology (OCT), electrophysiological function (ERG), and the expression of selected oxidative stress-, apoptosis-, and autophagy-related proteins were assessed in retinas of 12-month-old C3-deficient and WT mice. Moreover, global gene expression in retinas was analyzed by RNA arrays. We found that the absence of active C3 was associated with (1) alleviation of the age-dependent decrease in retinal thickness and gradual deterioration of retinal bioelectrical function, (2) significantly higher levels of antioxidant enzymes (catalase and glutathione reductase) and the antiapoptotic survivin and Mcl-1/Bak dimer, (3) lower expression of the cellular oxidative stress marker-4HNE-and decreased activity of proapoptotic caspase-3, (4) ameliorated retinal autophagic activity with localization of ubiquitinated protein conjugates commonly along the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layer, and (5) significantly increased expression of several gene sets associated with maintenance of the physiological functions of the neural retina...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927154/resistance-to-the-mtor-inhibitor-everolimus-is-reversed-by-the-downregulation-of-survivin-in-breast-cancer-cells
#2
Ludovica Taglieri, Francesca De Iuliis, Anna Giuffrida, Sabrina Giantulli, Ida Silvestri, Susanna Scarpa
Everolimus (RAD001) is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin used in combination with exemestane to treat hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. However, not all patients are equally sensitive to RAD001 and certain patients develop resistance. Therefore, the present study analyzed the mechanisms involved in the resistance of breast cancer cells to RAD001 in order to identify a potential tool to overcome it. The effects of RAD001 on the inhibition of cell viability, on the induction of apoptosis and autophagy and on the regulation of survivin, an anti-apoptotic protein, were evaluated in two breast cancer cell lines: BT474 (luminal B) and MCF7 (luminal A)...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927146/impacts-of-survivin-and-caspase-3-on-apoptosis-and-angiogenesis-in-oral-cancer
#3
Shuxia Li, Yanqi Yang, Yanping Ding, Xiaofei Tang, Zheng Sun
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of survivin and caspase-3 on apoptosis and angiogenesis in oral cancer. A total of 16 oral leukoplakia cases accompanied by low-moderate epithelial dysplasia, 12 cases of oral leukoplakia accompanied by severe epithelial dysplasia, 17 cases of high-moderate differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma and 10 cases of normal oral mucosa were selected. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression levels of survivin, caspase-3, and caspase inhibitor factor VIII in lesions from each group...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926842/pharmacotherapy-with-thymoquinone-improved-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-integrity-and-functional-activity-enhanced-islets-revascularization-and-alleviated-metabolic-and-hepato-renal-disturbances-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats
#4
Adel Galal El-Shemi, Osama Adnan Kensara, Aiman Alsaegh, Mohammed Hasan Mukhtar
AIMS: This study is aimed at evaluating the antidiabetic effects of thymoquinone (TQ) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats, and exploring the possible underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in adult male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of freshly prepared STZ (65 mg/kg). After disease induction, 42 rats were equally assigned to: controls, STZ-diabetic group, and STZ-diabetic group treated with oral TQ (35 mg/kg/day) for 5 weeks...
September 20, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926602/autoimmune-disease-mouse-model-exhibits-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
Koichi Sugimoto, Kazuhiko Nakazato, Akihiko Sato, Satoshi Suzuki, Akiomi Yoshihisa, Takeshi Machida, Shu-Ichi Saitoh, Hideharu Sekine, Yasuchika Takeishi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension is often associated with connective tissue disease. Although there are some animal models of pulmonary hypertension, an autoimmune disease-based model has not yet been reported. MRL/lpr mice, which have hypergammaglobulinemia, produce various autoimmune antibodies, and develop vasculitis and nephritis spontaneously. However, little is known about pulmonary circulation in these mice. In the present study, we examined the pulmonary arterial pressure in MRL/lpr mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925471/research-on-the-function-and-mechanism-of-survivin-in-heart-failure-mice-model
#6
L Bo, X-S Zhu, Z Zheng, X-P Hu, P-Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of survivin in the heart failure mice model and to study its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 male C57BL/ 6J mice were selected and randomly divided into two groups: normal group (n=10) and heart failure group (n=10). After continuous modeling, the cardiac functions of mice in the two groups were detected via ultrasonic cardiogram equipment. The pathological conditions of hearts in the two groups were detected via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924376/verteporfin-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-leukemia-nb4-cells-without-light-activation
#7
Min Chen, Liang Zhong, Shi-Fei Yao, Yi Zhao, Lu Liu, Lian-Wen Li, Ting Xu, Liu-Gen Gan, Chun-Lan Xiao, Zhi-Ling Shan, Bei-Zhong Liu
Background and Aims: Verteporfin (VP), clinically used in photodynamic therapy for neovascular macular degeneration, has recently been proven a suppressor of yes-associated protein (YAP) and has shown potential in anticancer treatment. However, its anti-human leukemia effects in NB4 cells remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of VP on proliferation and apoptosis in human leukemia NB4 cells. Methods: NB4 cells were treated with VP for 24 h. The effects of VP on cell proliferation were determined using a Cell-Counting Kit-8 assay (CCK-8) assay and colony forming assay...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920465/fish-oil-derived-eicosapentaenoic-acid-decreases-survivin-expression-and-induces-wt-p53-accumulation-with-caspase-3-activation-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-cells
#8
M R Sam, M Esmaeillou, S Sam, M A Shokrgozar
BACKGROUND: Defects in modulating wild-type (wt) p53 and survivin are associated with a resistant disease in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Yet, no wt-p53 and survivin modulating drugs have been approved for clinical application in ALL. Here, we investigated if in vitro eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) concentrations equal to human plasma levels are able to target wt-p53 and survivin. METHODS: Wt-p53 Molt-4 cells (ALL cell line) were treated with 50, 100, 150, and 200 µM of EPA after which cell number, viability, proliferation rate, survivin expression, wt-p53 accumulation, caspase-3 activation, and apoptosis were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910419/il-10-mediated-signals-act-as-a-switch-for-lymphoproliferation-in-human-t-cell-leukemia-virus-type-1-infection-by-activating-the-stat3-and-irf4-pathways
#9
Leila Sawada, Yoshiko Nagano, Atsuhiko Hasegawa, Hikari Kanai, Kai Nogami, Sayaka Ito, Tomoo Sato, Yoshihisa Yamano, Yuetsu Tanaka, Takao Masuda, Mari Kannagi
Human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) causes two distinct diseases, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Since there are no disease-specific differences among HTLV-1 strains, the etiological mechanisms separating these respective lymphoproliferative and inflammatory diseases are not well understood. In this study, by using IL-2-dependent HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines (ILTs) established from patients with ATL and HAM/TSP, we demonstrate that the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and its downstream signals potentially act as a switch for proliferation in HTLV-1-infected cells...
September 14, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901517/cx32-inhibits-tnf%C3%AE-induced-extrinsic-apoptosis-with-and-without-egfr-suppression
#10
Yongchang Lai, Liang Tao, Yifan Zhao, Xiaomin Zhang, Xingjuan Sun, Qin Wang, Chengfang Xu
Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) can trigger the extrinsic apoptosis pathway. Our previous study indicated that connexin32 (Cx32) inhibited streptonigrin-induced intrinsic apoptosis via the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway. However, whether Cx32 can exert effects on the extrinsic apoptosis pathway through EGFR signaling remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of Cx32 in extrinsic apoptosis induced by treatment with TNFα + cycloheximide (CHX) or afatinib in human cervical cancer (CaCx) cells...
September 7, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901509/ct45a1-sirna-silencing-suppresses-the-proliferation-metastasis-and-invasion-of-lung-cancer-cells-by-downregulating-the-erk-creb-signaling-pathway
#11
Feng Tang, Shengjun Tang, Xiaolong Guo, Chao Yang, Ke Jia
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the cancer‑testis antigen family 45 member A1 (CT45A1) in the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis of lung cancer cells, and the associated molecular mechanisms. Western blotting determined that the expression of CT45A1 in normal lung cells was far lower than that observed in lung cancer cells. Following the transfection of CT45A1 small (or short) interfering (si)RNA and its negative control into A549 cells using Lipofectamine 2000, the CT45A1 protein and mRNA levels were determined further by western blotting and reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901499/transfection-with-livin-and-survivin-shrna-inhibits-the-growth-and-proliferation-of-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#12
Qinmiao Huang, Yiming Zeng, Huihuang Lin, Huaping Zhang, Dongyong Yang
Lung cancer is reported to be a major public health issue worldwide and the overall prognosis of patients remains poor. The expression levels of Livin and Survivin, of the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) family, are associated with prognostic significance in the majority of solid tumors. Therefore, in the presents study, short hairpin (sh)RNA expression vectors inhibiting the Livin and Survivin genes were constructed to examine the effects of the transfection of Livin shRNA and/or Survivin shRNA on the biological functions of tumor cells...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900506/combination-of-aav-trail-with-mir-221-zip-therapeutic-strategy-overcomes-the-resistance-to-trail-induced-apoptosis-in-liver-cancer
#13
Sisi Ma, Jiazeng Sun, Yabin Guo, Peng Zhang, Yanxin Liu, Dexian Zheng, Juan Shi
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) possesses the capacity to induce apoptosis in a wide variety of tumor cells without affecting most normal cells. However, it has now emerged that many primary cancer cells are resistant to TRAIL monotherapy. Overcoming the intrinsic or acquired TRAIL resistance is desirable for TRAIL-mediated cancer therapy. In this study, we found that the miR-221/222 cluster was up-regulated in TRAIL-resistant liver cancer cells. Specific inhibitors of miR-221 and/or miR-222, called sponge, TuD and miR-Zip were constructed, and their ability to overcome TRAIL resistance was compared...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900184/survivin-and-xiap-two-potential-biological-targets-in-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma
#14
Thomas A Werner, Levent Dizdar, Inga Nolten, Jasmin C Riemer, Sabrina Mersch, Sina C Schütte, Christiane Driemel, Pablo E Verde, Katharina Raba, Stefan A Topp, Matthias Schott, Wolfram T Knoefel, Andreas Krieg
Follicular thyroid carcinoma's (FTC) overall good prognosis deteriorates if the tumour fails to retain radioactive iodine. Therefore, new druggable targets are in high demand for this subset of patients. Here, we investigated the prognostic and biological role of survivin and XIAP in FTC. Survivin and XIAP expression was investigated in 44 FTC and corresponding non-neoplastic thyroid specimens using tissue microarrays. Inhibition of both inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) was induced by shRNAs or specific small molecule antagonists and functional changes were investigated in vitro and in vivo...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894378/initial-experience-of-correlating-diffusion-spectral-parameters-with-histopathologic-indexes-in-murine-colorectal-tumor-homografts
#15
Xiao-Yan Zhang, Xiao-Ting Li, Jia Sun, Ying-Shi Sun
PURPOSE: To determine the correlation between continuously distributed diffusion-weighted image (DWI)-derived parameters and histopathologic indexes. METHODS: Fifty-four mice bearing HCT-116 colorectal tumors were included for analysis; 12 mice were used for continuous observation, and the other 42 mice were used for break-point observation. All mice were randomly divided into radiotherapy and non-radiotherapy groups. Optical imaging and MRI were performed at different time points according to radiotherapy regimen (baseline, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d)...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892098/correlation-between-e-cadherin-interactions-survivin-expression-and-apoptosis-in-mdck-and-ts-src-mdck-cell-culture-models
#16
Janne Capra, Sinikka Eskelinen
Survivin, a member of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) protein family, is a multifunctional protein expressed in most cancers. In addition to inhibition of apoptosis, it regulates proliferation and promotes migration. Its presence and function in cells is strongly regulated via transcription factors, intracellular localization, and degradation. We analyzed the presence of survivin at protein level in various culture environments and under activation of Src tyrosine kinase in epithelial canine kidney MDCK cells in order to elucidate factors controlling survivin 'lifespan'...
September 11, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887754/lichen-derived-caperatic-acid-and-physodic-acid-inhibit-wnt-signaling-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#17
Jarosław Paluszczak, Robert Kleszcz, Elżbieta Studzińska-Sroka, Violetta Krajka-Kuźniak
Lichens are a source of secondary metabolites which possess important biological activities, including antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic effects. The anticancer activity of lichens was shown in many types of tumors, including colorectal cancers (CRC). Several studies revealed that the application of lichen extracts diminished the proliferation of CRC cells and induced apoptosis. Colon carcinogenesis is associated with aberrations in Wnt signaling. Elevated transcriptional activity of β-catenin induces cell survival, proliferation, and migration...
September 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886972/benzene-metabolite-hydroquinone-induces-apoptosis-of-bone-marrow-mononuclear-cells-through-inhibition-of-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#18
Jiaqi Li, Songfu Jiang, Yi Chen, Ruye Ma, Jingjing Chen, Shanhu Qian, Yifen Shi, Yixiang Han, Shenghui Zhang, Kang Yu
The Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β)/β-catenin signaling pathway has been shown to play an important role in hematopoiesis, and hematopoietic cells are sensitive targets for benzene-induced hematotoxicity. We therefore hypothesized that dysregulation of the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling was associated with benzene-induced hematotoxicity. Here, we showed that hydroquinone (HQ), a major metabolite of benzene in humans, significantly inhibited cell viability and colony formation while inducing apoptosis of human bone marrow mononuclear cells in vitro...
September 5, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885122/clinicopathological-variables-of-sporadic-schwannomas-of-peripheral-nerve-in-291-patients-and-expression-of-biologically-relevant-markers
#19
Eric D Young, Davis Ingram, William Metcalf-Doetsch, Dilshad Khan, Ghadah Al Sannaa, Francois Le Loarer, Alexander J F Lazar, John Slopis, Keila E Torres, Dina Lev, Raphael E Pollock, Ian E McCutcheon
OBJECTIVE While sporadic peripheral schwannomas (SPSs) are generally well treated with surgery, their biology is not well understood. Consequently, treatment options are limited. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive description of SPS. The authors describe clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes of patients harboring these tumors, and they assess expression of biomarkers using a clinically annotated tissue microarray. Together, these data give new insight into the biology and management of SPS...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883406/mir-338-5p-enhances-the-radiosensitivity-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-inducing-apoptosis-through-targeting-survivin
#20
Misun Park, Hyeon-Joon Yoon, Moon Chul Kang, Junhye Kwon, Hae Won Lee
Radioresistance is a challenge in the treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play an important role in the functional modification of cancer cells and recent studies have reported miRNA-mediated radiotherapy resistance. However, further research is necessary to reveal the regulation mechanisms, and treatment strategies using miRNA are yet to be established for ESCC. We compared the miRNA expression profiles of ESCC parental (TE-4) and acquired radioresistance (TE-4R) cell lines using a miRNA microarray and qRT-PCR...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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