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Manipulation RCT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425380/-tension-type-headache-narrative-review-of-physiotherapy-treatment
#1
REVIEW
J A Del Blanco Muñiz, A Zaballos Laso
INTRODUCTION: Headache is a very common phenomenon with a high economic and psychosocial impact. Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent (40%), especially amongst adult western women. The aim was to evaluate the existing evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy techniques in treating TTH. METHODS: Literature review of randomised clinical trials (RCT) and systematic reviews, published over the last five years, on the physiotherapy techniques most used in treating TTH: therapeutic exercise, suboccipital inhibition, cervical manip-ulation, massage, joint mobilisation and puncture...
November 14, 2018: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347638/trimethylamine-n-oxide-a-link-among-diet-gut-microbiota-gene-regulation-of-liver-and-intestine-cholesterol-homeostasis-and-hdl-function
#2
REVIEW
Marina Canyelles, Mireia Tondo, Lídia Cedó, Marta Farràs, Joan Carles Escolà-Gil, Francisco Blanco-Vaca
Recent evidence, including massive gene-expression analysis and a wide-variety of other multi-omics approaches, demonstrates an interplay between gut microbiota and the regulation of plasma lipids. Gut microbial metabolism of choline and l-carnitine results in the formation of trimethylamine (TMA) and concomitant conversion into trimethylamine- N -oxide (TMAO) by liver flavin monooxygenase 3 (FMO3). The plasma level of TMAO is determined by the genetic variation, diet and composition of gut microbiota. Multiple studies have demonstrated an association between TMAO plasma levels and the risk of atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221912/beneficial-effects-of-probiotic-combination-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-nafld-a-randomized-clinical-study
#3
Nazarii Kobyliak, Ludovico Abenavoli, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Galyna Mykhalchyshyn, Luigi Boccuto, Liudmyla Kononenko, Dmytro Kyriienko, Iuliia Komisarenko, Oleg Dynnyk
BACKGROUND: The manipulation of gut microbiota via administration of probiotics has been proposed as a potential strategy for the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Hence, we performed a double-blind single center randomized placebo-controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy of co-administration of probiotics with omega-3 vs. placebo in type-2 diabetic patients with NAFLD. METHODS: A total of 48 patients met the criteria for inclusion. They were randomly assigned to receive "Symbiter Omega" combination of probiotic biomass supplemented with flax and wheat germ oil (250 mg of each, concentration of omega-3 fatty acids 1-5%) or placebo for 8-weeks...
September 13, 2018: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209561/tongue-strengthening-exercises-in-healthy-older-adults-does-exercise-load-matter-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Leen Van den Steen, Jan Vanderwegen, Cindy Guns, Rik Elen, Marc De Bodt, Gwen Van Nuffelen
Tongue-strengthening exercises (TSE) are based on the principles of exercise and motor learning, including intensity. Intensity is manipulated by gradually adjusting the resistive load. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigates the effect of three different values resistive load during TSE in healthy older adults. Sixty subjects completed 8 weeks of TSE while exercising with Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI). They were randomly distributed to 4 different treatment arms: 3 exercise groups (EG1: n = 15; EG2: n = 16, EG3: n = 16) and 1 control group performing lip-strengthening exercises (CG: n = 13)...
September 12, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888584/-analysis-on-randomized-controlled-trials-for-acupuncture-treatment-of-simple-obesity-collected-from-pubmed
#5
Chen-Yi Li, Si-Yi Yu, Bao-Jun Guo, Wen-Yao Li, Jiao Yang, You-Ping Hu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze studies published in journals included in PubMed in terms of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for simple obesity, so as to provide a reference for subsequent RCT-related designs and results. METHODS: RCT literature about acupuncture treatment of simple obesity from the PubMed database and from 2000 to 2016 was retrieved by using keywords of "obesity" "fat" "acupuncture" "joint application of acupuncture and herbal medicine" or "auricular point" "electroacupuncture", "acupoint application", or "cupping", followed by screening, extraction and evaluation of the design methodology and outcomes using Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA)...
April 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792940/a-randomized-control-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-and-physiological-effects-of-spinal-manipulation-and-spinal-mobilization-compared-to-each-other-and-a-sham-condition-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-the-relief-study
#6
Brian C Clark, David W Russ, Masato Nakazawa, Christopher R France, Stevan Walkowski, Timothy D Law, Megan Applegate, Niladri Mahato, Samuel Lietkam, James Odenthal, Daniel Corcos, Simeon Hain, Betty Sindelar, Robert J Ploutz-Snyder, James S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care. Manipulative therapies are a common treatment for LBP. Few studies have compared the effectiveness of different types of manipulative therapies. Moreover, the physiologic mechanisms underlying these treatments are not fully understood. Herein, we present the study protocol for The Researching the Effectiveness of Lumbar Interventions for Enhancing Function Study (The RELIEF Study). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The RELIEF Study is a Phase II RCT with a nested mechanistic design...
July 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607792/nutritional-strategies-to-prevent-gastrointestinal-toxicity-during-pelvic-radiotherapy
#7
Linda J Wedlake
Radiotherapy-induced damage to non-cancerous gastrointestinal mucosa has effects on secretory and absorptive functions and can interfere with normal gastrointestinal physiology. Nutrient absorption and digestion may be compromised. Dietary manipulation is an attractive option with sound rationale for intervention. The aim of this review was to synthesise published evidence for the use of elemental formulae, low or modified fat diets, fibre, lactose restriction and probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics to protect the bowel from gastrointestinal side effects during long-course, radical pelvic radiotherapy...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273079/united-kingdom-frozen-shoulder-trial-uk-frost-multi-centre-randomised-12-month-parallel-group-superiority-study-to-compare-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-early-structured-physiotherapy-versus-manipulation-under-anaesthesia-versus-arthroscopic-capsular
#8
Stephen Brealey, Alison L Armstrong, Andrew Brooksbank, Andrew Jonathan Carr, Charalambos P Charalambous, Cushla Cooper, Belen Corbacho, Joseph Dias, Iona Donnelly, Lorna Goodchild, Catherine Hewitt, Ada Keding, Lucksy Kottam, Sarah E Lamb, Catriona McDaid, Matthew Northgraves, Gerry Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Sarwat Shah, Emma Sharp, Sally Spencer, David Torgerson, Francine Toye, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder (also known as adhesive capsulitis) occurs when the capsule, or the soft tissue envelope around the ball and socket shoulder joint, becomes scarred and contracted, making the shoulder tight, painful and stiff. It affects around 1 in 12 men and 1 in 10 women of working age. Although this condition can settle with time (typically taking 1 to 3 years), for some people it causes severe symptoms and needs referral to hospital. Our aim is to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of two invasive and costly surgical interventions that are commonly used in secondary care in the National Health Service (NHS) compared with a non-surgical comparator of Early Structured Physiotherapy...
December 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730432/rolling-circle-transcription-for-the-self-assembly-of-multimeric-rnai-structures-and-its-applications-in-nanomedicine
#9
Mihue Jang, Hyung Jun Ahn
The enzymatic process of rolling circle transcription (RCT) enables self-assembly of multimeric RNAi structures from a circular DNA template. The self-assembled RNAi structures can be manipulated easily by simple base pairing rules with short DNA fragments for constructing multifunctional nanoparticles in the field of nanomedicine. Here we describe the method to generate multifunctional RNAi nanoparticles applicable in nanomedicine.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662715/cognitive-bias-modification-for-paranoia-cbm-pa-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jenny Yiend, Antonella Trotta, Christopher Meek, Ilvana Dzafic, Nora Baldus, Bryony Crane, Thomas Kabir, Daniel Stahl, Margaret Heslin, Sukhwinder Shergill, Philip McGuire, Emmanuelle Peters
BACKGROUND: Persecutory delusions are the most common type of delusions in psychosis and present in around 10-15% of the general population. Persecutory delusions are thought to be sustained by biased cognitive and emotional processes. Recent advances favour targeted interventions, focussing on specific symptoms or mechanisms. Our aim is to test the clinical feasibility of a novel psychological intervention, which manipulates biased interpretations toward more adaptive processing, in order to reduce paranoia in patients...
June 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406674/randomization-to-randomization-probability-estimating-treatment-effects-under-actual-conditions-of-use
#11
Brandon J George, Peng Li, Harris R Lieberman, Greg Pavela, Andrew W Brown, Kevin R Fontaine, Madeline M Jeansonne, Gareth R Dutton, Adeniyi J Idigo, Mariel A Parman, Donald B Rubin, David B Allison
Blinded randomized controlled trials (RCT) require participants to be uncertain if they are receiving a treatment or placebo. Although uncertainty is ideal for isolating the treatment effect from all other potential effects, it is poorly suited for estimating the treatment effect under actual conditions of intended use-when individuals are certain that they are receiving a treatment. We propose an experimental design, randomization to randomization probabilities (R2R), which significantly improves estimates of treatment effects under actual conditions of use by manipulating participant expectations about receiving treatment...
June 2018: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324822/outcome-evaluation-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-versus-extensile-lateral-approach-in-management-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-randomised-control-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ankit Khurana, Mandeep S Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar, Rakesh John
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a significant and evolving role in the treatment of DIACFs, but there is limited literature on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinico-radiological outcomes of DIACFs fixed with MIS technique with ORIF. METHODS: This randomised control trial (RCT) included 21 closed Sanders type 2 and 3 DIACFs which were selected from 70 who presented. Extensile lateral approach was used in the ORIF group; while MIS techniques included either percutaneous reduction or small incisions with indirect fragment manipulation...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324697/adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Unlike pharmacological randomized controlled trials (RCTs), manual-therapy RCTs do not always report adverse events (AEs). The few manual-therapy RCTs that provide information on AEs are frequently without details, such as the type and-, severity of the AE and reason for withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively report all AEs in a chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) RCT. DESIGN: A prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo, RCT...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318845/specifying-the-effects-of-physician-s-communication-on-patients-outcomes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mara van Osch, Sandra van Dulmen, Liesbeth van Vliet, Jozien Bensing
OBJECTIVE: To experimentally test the effects of physician's affect-oriented communication and inducing expectations on outcomes in patients with menstrual pain. METHODS: Using a 2×2 RCT design, four videotaped simulated medical consultations were used, depicting a physician and a patient with menstrual pain. In the videos, two elements of physician's communication were manipulated: (1) affect-oriented communication (positive: warm, emphatic; versus negative: cold, formal), and (2) outcome expectation induction (positive versus uncertain)...
August 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292267/assignment-of-adverse-event-indexing-terms-in-randomized-clinical-trials-involving-spinal-manipulative-therapy-an-audit-of-records-in-medline-and-embase-databases
#15
Lindsay M Gorrell, Roger M Engel, Reidar P Lystad, Benjamin T Brown
BACKGROUND: Reporting of adverse events in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) is encouraged by the authors of The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. With robust methodological design and adequate reporting, RCTs have the potential to provide useful evidence on the incidence of adverse events associated with spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). During a previous investigation, it became apparent that comprehensive search strategies combining text words with indexing terms was not sufficiently sensitive for retrieving records that were known to contain reports on adverse events...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259496/integrative-acupuncture-and-spinal-manipulative-therapy-versus-either-alone-for-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-feasibility-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Kevin A Rose, Gena E Kadar, Eric L Hurwitz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a large-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining whether an integrative care model combining spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and acupuncture can lead to better outcomes for low back pain (LBP) than either therapy alone. METHODS: This study was conducted at a complementary and alternative medicine university health center. Participants with acute or chronic LBP were randomized to (1) acupuncture, (2) SMT, or (3) integrative acupuncture and SMT groups...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989264/study-sponsorship-and-the-nutrition-research-agenda-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-included-in-systematic-reviews-of-nutrition-interventions-to-address-obesity
#17
REVIEW
Alice Fabbri, Nicholas Chartres, Gyorgy Scrinis, Lisa A Bero
OBJECTIVE: To categorize the research topics covered by a sample of randomized controlled trials (RCT) included in systematic reviews of nutrition interventions to address obesity; to describe their funding sources; and to explore the association between funding sources and nutrition research topics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: RCT included in Cochrane Reviews of nutrition interventions to address obesity and/or overweight. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirteen RCT from seventeen Cochrane Reviews were included...
May 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980724/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-for-cervical-radiculopathy-a-review
#18
REVIEW
E J Thoomes
Manual therapy is often used for patients with neck pain with or without radicular symptoms. There is sparse evidence on the effectiveness in cervical radiculopathy. The aim of this study was to assess current levels of evidence on the effectiveness of manual therapy interventions for patients with cervical radiculopathy. Electronic data bases were systematically searched for clinical guidelines, reviews and randomised clinical trials (RCTs) reporting on the effectiveness of manual therapy for patients with cervical radiculopathy...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819926/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-reduce-undernutrition-and-promote-eating-in-older-adults-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#19
Jennie Jackson, Kay Currie, Cheryl Graham, Yvonne Robb
Background Older adults with dementia may have feeding difficulties for several reasons: they may experience deterioration in motor and cognitive skills making eating difficult, they may forget to eat, fail to recognise food or they may suffer from dysphagia. Food intake is often poor and malnutrition is common, leading to adverse health outcomes.This review specifically focussed on how best to promote and achieve 'normal' eating and feeding in older adults with dementia, in order that undernutrition and its consequences could be avoided...
2011: JBI Library of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754134/os-26-03-mobile-device-based-electronic-data-capture-system-in-pharmaceutical-clinical-trial-a-feasibility-study
#20
Jing Zhang, Lei Sun, Yu Liu, Hongyi Wang, Ningling Sun, Jia Yu, Yao He, Sijin Yan, Puhong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a mobile device based electronical data capture (mEDC) system applied in one randomized clinical trial (RCT). DESIGN AND METHOD: The mEDC, an android smartphone-based application, was developed to support real-time data capture, project management and quality control in a multicenter randomized double-blinded parallel controlled pharmaceutical trial. Four user interfaces are shown in Figure 1. The RCT is to evaluate the efficacy of telmisartan (40mg) and hydrochlorothiazide (25mg) monotherapy in high sodium intake patients with mild to moderate hypertension in 14 hospitals, including one baseline survey and three follow-ups...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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