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Chiropractic RCT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348109/review-beyond-conventional-therapies-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-the-management-of-hypertension-an-evidence-based-review
#1
Ang Peng Wong, Yaman Walid Kassab, Abdul Latiff Mohamed, Amelah Mohammed Abdul Qader
Hypertension is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Worldwide, Hypertension is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths, about 12.8% of the total of all deaths. This accounts for 57 million disability adjusted life years (DALYS) or 3.7% of total DALYS. This led WHO to set a target of 25% reduction in prevalence by 2025. To reach that, WHO has adopted non-conventional methods for the management of hypertension? Despite worldwide popularity of such non-conventional therapies, only small volume of evidence exists that supports its effectiveness...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324697/adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs
#2
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Unlike pharmacological randomized controlled trials (RCTs), manual-therapy RCTs do not always report adverse events (AEs). The few manual-therapy RCTs that provide information on AEs are frequently without details, such as the type and-, severity of the AE and reason for withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively report all AEs in a chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) RCT. DESIGN: A prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo, RCT...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259496/integrative-acupuncture-and-spinal-manipulative-therapy-versus-either-alone-for-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-feasibility-study
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Kevin A Rose, Gena E Kadar, Eric L Hurwitz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a large-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining whether an integrative care model combining spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and acupuncture can lead to better outcomes for low back pain (LBP) than either therapy alone. METHODS: This study was conducted at a complementary and alternative medicine university health center. Participants with acute or chronic LBP were randomized to (1) acupuncture, (2) SMT, or (3) integrative acupuncture and SMT groups...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696633/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-migraine-a-three-armed-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Chaibi, J Š Benth, P J Tuchin, M B Russell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) for migraineurs. METHODS: This was a prospective three-armed, single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 17 months duration including 104 migraineurs with at least one migraine attack per month. The RCT was conducted at Akershus University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Active treatment consisted of CSMT, whereas placebo was a sham push manoeuvre of the lateral edge of the scapula and/or the gluteal region...
January 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26697289/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-cervicogenic-headache-a-study-protocol-of-a-single-blinded-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
Cervicogenic headache (CEH) is a secondary headache which affects 1.0-4.6 % of the population. Although the costs are unknown, the health consequences are substantial for the individual; especially considering that they often suffers chronicity. Pharmacological management has no or only minor effect on CEH. Thus, we aim to assess the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) for CEH in a single-blinded placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial (RCT). According to the power calculations, we aim to recruit 120 participants to the RCT...
2015: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26586317/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-migraine-a-study-protocol-of-a-single-blinded-placebo-controlled-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
INTRODUCTION: Migraine affects 15% of the population, and has substantial health and socioeconomic costs. Pharmacological management is first-line treatment. However, acute and/or prophylactic medicine might not be tolerated due to side effects or contraindications. Thus, we aim to assess the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) for migraineurs in a single-blinded placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial (RCT). METHOD AND ANALYSIS: According to the power calculations, 90 participants are needed in the RCT...
November 19, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26145718/validation-of-placebo-in-a-manual-therapy-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Michael Bjørn Russell
At present, no consensus exists among clinical and academic experts regarding an appropriate placebo for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). Therefore, we investigated whether it was possible to conduct a chiropractic manual-therapy RCT with placebo. Seventy migraineurs were randomized to a single-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial that consisted of 12 treatment sessions over 3 months. The participants were randomized to chiropractic SMT or placebo (sham manipulation)...
July 6, 2015: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25278005/manual-therapies-for-primary-chronic-headaches-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Aleksander Chaibi, Michael Bjørn Russell
This is to our knowledge the first systematic review regarding the efficacy of manual therapy randomized clinical trials (RCT) for primary chronic headaches. A comprehensive English literature search on CINHAL, Cochrane, Medline, Ovid and PubMed identified 6 RCTs all investigating chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). One study applied massage therapy and five studies applied physiotherapy. Four studies were considered to be of good methodological quality by the PEDro scale. All studies were pragmatic or used no treatment as a control group, and only two studies avoided co-intervention, which may lead to possible bias and makes interpretation of the results more difficult...
October 2, 2014: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22522273/reporting-of-adverse-effects-in-randomised-clinical-trials-of-chiropractic-manipulations-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Edzard Ernst, Paul Posadzki
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the reporting of adverse effects in clinical trials of chiropractic manipulation. DATA SOURCES: Six databases were searched from 2000 to July 2011. Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) were considered, if they tested chiropractic manipulations against any control intervention in human patients suffering from any type of clinical condition. The selection of studies, data extraction, and validation were performed independently by two reviewers...
April 20, 2012: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21511952/spinal-manipulations-for-the-treatment-of-migraine-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#10
REVIEW
P Posadzki, E Ernst
AIMS: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of spinal manipulations as a treatment for migraine headaches. METHOD: Seven databases were searched from inception to November 2010. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) investigating spinal manipulations performed by any type of healthcare professional for treating migraine headaches in human subjects were considered. The selection of studies, data extraction and validation were performed independently by two reviewers...
June 2011: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21426558/chiropractic-and-self-care-for-back-related-leg-pain-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Craig A Schulz, Maria A Hondras, Roni L Evans, Maruti R Gudavalli, Cynthia R Long, Edward F Owens, David G Wilder, Gert Bronfort
BACKGROUND: Back-related leg pain (BRLP) is a common variation of low back pain (LBP), with lifetime prevalence estimates as high as 40%. Often disabling, BRLP accounts for greater work loss, recurrences, and higher costs than uncomplicated LBP and more often leads to surgery with a lifetime incidence of 10% for those with severe BRLP, compared to 1-2% for those with LBP.In the US, half of those with back-related conditions seek CAM treatments, the most common of which is chiropractic care...
March 22, 2011: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20696040/a-descriptive-study-of-a-manual-therapy-intervention-within-a-randomised-controlled-trial-for-hamstring-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention
#12
Wayne Hoskins, Henry Pollard
BACKGROUND: There is little literature describing the use of manual therapy performed on athletes. It was our purpose to document the usage of a sports chiropractic manual therapy intervention within a RCT by identifying the type, amount, frequency, location and reason for treatment provided. This information is useful for the uptake of the intervention into clinical settings and to allow clinicians to better understand a role that sports chiropractors offer. METHODS: All treatment rendered to 29 semi-elite Australian Rules footballers in the sports chiropractic intervention group of an 8 month RCT investigating hamstring and lower-limb injury prevention was recorded...
August 9, 2010: Chiropractic & Osteopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20210996/individualized-chiropractic-and-integrative-care-for-low-back-pain-the-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-using-a-mixed-methods-approach
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kristine K Westrom, Michele J Maiers, Roni L Evans, Gert Bronfort
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a prevalent and costly condition in the United States. Evidence suggests there is no one treatment which is best for all patients, but instead several viable treatment options. Additionally, multidisciplinary management of LBP may be more effective than monodisciplinary care. An integrative model that includes both complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and conventional therapies, while also incorporating patient choice, has yet to be tested for chronic LBP...
March 8, 2010: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19468052/searching-for-controlled-trials-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-comparison-of-15-databases
#14
Elise Cogo, Margaret Sampson, Isola Ajiferuke, Eric Manheimer, Kaitryn Campbell, Raymond Daniel, David Moher
This project aims to assess the utility of bibliographic databases beyond the three major ones (MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL) for finding controlled trials of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Fifteen databases were searched to identify controlled clinical trials (CCTs) of CAM not also indexed in MEDLINE. Searches were conducted in May 2006 using the revised Cochrane highly sensitive search strategy (HSSS) and the PubMed CAM Subset. Yield of CAM trials per 100 records was determined, and databases were compared over a standardized period (2005)...
2011: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18789139/chiropractic-manipulation-in-pediatric-health-conditions-an-updated-systematic-review
#15
Allan Gotlib, Ron Rupert
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to review the biomedical literature from January 2004 to June 2007 inclusive to determine the extent of new evidence related to the therapeutic application of manipulation for pediatric health conditions. This updates a previous systematic review published in 2005. No critical appraisal of the evidence is undertaken. DATA SOURCES: We searched both the indexed and non-indexed biomedical manual therapy literature. This included PubMed, MANTIS, CINAHL, ICL, as well as reference tracking...
September 12, 2008: Chiropractic & Osteopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18404113/the-use-of-expertise-based-randomized-controlled-trials-to-assess-spinal-manipulation-and-acupuncture-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Bradley C Johnston, Bruno R da Costa, P J Devereaux, Elie A Akl, Jason W Busse
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To assess current use of expertise-based randomization in trials of acupuncture or spinal manipulation for low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The randomized clinical trial is often referred to as the gold standard for providing evidence to guide therapeutic decisions. Random allocation of participants to intervention and control groups theoretically should balance these groups for both known and unknown prognostic factors; however, when randomizing patients to competing interventions in which the clinician's skill is a central aspect of the intervention, (e...
April 15, 2008: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17877825/chiropractic-and-exercise-for-seniors-with-low-back-pain-or-neck-pain-the-design-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michele J Maiers, Jan Hartvigsen, Craig Schulz, Karen Schulz, Roni L Evans, Gert Bronfort
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) are common conditions in old age, leading to impaired functional ability and decreased independence. Manual and exercise therapies are common and effective therapies for the general LBP and NP populations. However, these treatments have not been adequately researched in older LBP and NP sufferers. The primary aim of these studies is to assess the relative clinical effectiveness of 1) manual treatment plus home exercise, 2) supervised rehabilitative exercise plus home exercise, and 3) home exercise alone, in terms of patient-rated pain, for senior LBP and NP patients...
September 18, 2007: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17604553/chiropractic-care-for-nonmusculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-whole-systems-research
#18
REVIEW
Cheryl Hawk, Raheleh Khorsan, Anthony J Lisi, Randy J Ferrance, Marion Willard Evans
OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate the evidence on the effect of chiropractic care, rather than spinal manipulation only, on patients with nonmusculoskeletal conditions; and (2) to identify shortcomings in the evidence base on this topic, from a Whole Systems Research perspective. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Databases included were PubMed, Ovid, Mantis, Index to Chiropractic Literature, and CINAHL. Search restrictions were human subjects, peer-reviewed journal, English language, and publication before May 2005...
June 2007: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16454724/complementary-and-alternative-medical-therapies-in-fibromyalgia
#19
REVIEW
Aysegul Jale Sarac, Ali Gur
This article describes the studies that have been performed evaluating complementary or alternative medical (CAM) therapies for efficacy and some adverse events fibromyalgia (FM). There is no permanent cure for FM; therefore, adequate symptom control should be goal of treatment. Clinicians can choose from a variety of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic modalities. Unfortunately, controlled studies of most current treatments have failed to demonstrate sustained, clinically significant responses. CAM has gained increasing popularity, particularly among individuals with FM for which traditional medicine has generally been ineffective...
2006: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15782244/treatment-of-whiplash-associated-disorders-part-i-non-invasive-interventions
#20
REVIEW
Anne Conlin, Sanjit Bhogal, Keith Sequeira, Robert Teasell
BACKGROUND: A whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) is an injury due to an acceleration-deceleration mechanism at the neck. WAD represents a very common and costly condition, both economically and socially. In 1995, the Quebec Task Force published a report that contained evidence-based recommendations regarding the treatment of WAD based on studies completed before 1993 and consensus-based recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present article--the first installment of a two-part series on interventions for WAD--is to provide a systematic review of the literature published between January 1993 and July 2003 on noninvasive interventions for WAD using meta-analytical techniques...
2005: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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