keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PD Adequacy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511680/safety-effectiveness-and-manipulability-of-peritoneal-dialysis-machines-made-in-china-a-randomized-crossover-multicenter-clinical-study
#1
Xue-Ying Cao, Ya-Ni He, Jian-Hui Zhou, Shi-Ren Sun, Li-Ning Miao, Wen Chen, Jing-Ai Fang, Ming Wang, Nian-Song Wang, Hong-Li Lin, Jian Liu, Zhao-Hui Ni, Wen-Hu Liu, Yu Na, Jiu-Yang Zhao, Zhi-Yong Guo, Hong-Guang Zheng, Wei Shi, Geng-Ru Jiang, Guang-Yan Cai, Xiang-Mei Chen
Background: Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) can cater to individual needs, provide treatment while asleep, take into account the adequacy of dialysis, and improve the quality of life. Currently, independent research and development of APD machines made in China are more conducive to patients. A randomized, multicenter, crossover study was conducted by comparing an APD machine made in China with an imported machine. The safety, effectiveness, and manipulability of the two machines were compared...
December 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508418/protein-energy-wasting-and-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#2
Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Zbigniew Heleniak, Monika Lichodziejewska-Niemierko, Rutkowski Rutkowski, Ewa Aleksandrowicz-Wrona, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
Cardiovascular (CVS) morbidity and mortality in the peritoneal dialysis patients (PD) is 10-30-fold higher than in the general population. A relatively low level of adiponectin and a higher level of leptin are important predictors of vascular complications as well as CVS events in PD patients. The asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, is an important risk factor of CVS morbidity and mortality. It is very important to establish all CVS risk factors in the PD patients to prevent CVS morbidity and mortality in this population...
December 3, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482633/age-related-differences-in-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer-receiving-anti-pd-1-pd-l1-therapy
#3
REVIEW
B L King-Kallimanis, B Kanapuru, G M Blumenthal, M R Theoret, P G Kluetz
BACKGROUND: Older adults with lung cancer often have comorbidities that may increase risk of symptomatic adverse events (AEs) and physical function decline. The objective of this study was to examine age-related differences in patient-reported symptoms and functional domains in patients with advanced lung cancer receiving immunotherapy drugs. METHODS: Three randomized controlled trials of anti-programmed death receptor-1/programmed death-ligand 1 therapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer that included patient-reported outcomes (PROs) were identified...
October 25, 2018: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30480530/maintaining-peritoneal-dialysis-adequacy-the-process-of-incremental-prescription
#4
Susie Q Lew
Urea kinetics (weekly Kt/V) greater than 1.7 generally define adequate peritoneal dialysis (PD). Adequacy of PD depends on residual renal function and PD clearance. Preserving residual renal function and peritoneal membrane characteristics helps to maintain PD adequacy.The dose of PD can be augmented by increasing the total dialysate volume. Greater volume can be achieved by increasing either the fill volume per exchange or the number of exchanges. Increased time on dialysis can be achieved by keeping PD fluid in the peritoneal cavity at all times...
November 2018: Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410757/revisiting-cefditoren-for-the-treatment-of-community-acquired-infections-caused-by-human-adapted-respiratory-pathogens-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
María-José Giménez, Lorenzo Aguilar, Juan José Granizo
Fifteen years after its licensure, this revision assesses the role of cefditoren facing the current pharmacoepidemiology of resistances in respiratory human-adapted pathogens ( Streptococcus pneumoniae , Streptococcus pyogenes , Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis ). In the era of post- pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and in an environment of increasing diffusion of the fts I gene among H. influenzae isolates, published studies on the cefditoren in vitro microbiological activity, pharmacokinetic/pharmcodynamic (PK/PD) activity and clinical efficacy are reviewed...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381504/red-cell-distribution-width-reflects-the-early-stage-residual-renal-function-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#6
Qi Zhang, Xueying Cao, Jianhui Zhou, Rui Ding, Jing Huang, Guangyan Cai, Xiangmei Chen
It has been verified that the red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is related to renal function. This study aimed to investigate the association of RDW with the residual renal function in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The patients were categorized into three groups according to the quartiles of their baseline RDWs. The correlations between RDW and clinical parameters, dialysis adequacy, and residual renal function were analyzed. The clinical data, PD prescription and dialysis adequacy of 54 uremic patients on continuous ambulatory PD were collected...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358867/peritoneal-dialysis-after-kidney-transplant-failure-a-nationwide-matched-cohort-study-from-the-french-language-peritoneal-dialysis-registry-rdplf
#7
Myriam Benomar, Clement Vachey, Thierry Lobbedez, Julie Henriques, Didier Ducloux, Dewi Vernerey, Cécile Courivaud
Background: Failed kidney transplant is becoming a frequent cause of dialysis initiation. Although studies have shown no difference between peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD) in terms of patients and technique survival, PD remains quite rarely used in this condition. Studies in larger multicentre matched cohorts are missing. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study about 328 patients registered in the French Language Peritoneal Dialysis Registry (RDPLF) who started PD after kidney transplant failure (Tx group) between January 2002 and December 2012 who were compared with 656 matched never-transplanted patients having started PD during the same period (control group)...
October 24, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30356377/impact-of-intra-abdominal-adhesion-on-dialysis-outcome-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#8
Ben-Chung Cheng, Nai-Wen Tsai, Yun-Ru Lai, Chin-Cheng Huang, Cheng-Hsien Lu
Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an increasingly popular therapeutic option for patients with advanced renal failure. However, intra-abdominal adhesions (IAA) represent a major unsolved problem in adequate PD performance. In this study, we investigated the role of previous abdominal surgery on the presence of subsequent IAA as well as outcomes in those patients with PD who had subsequent IAA. Methods: Two hundred and two patients who received continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis were prospectively enrolled in this study...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302387/eus-fine-needle-pancreatic-core-biopsy-can-determine-eligibility-for-tumor-agnostic-immunotherapy
#9
Ferga C Gleeson, Michael J Levy, Anja C Roden, Lisa A Boardman, Frank A Sinicrope, Robert R McWilliams, Lizhi Zhang
Background and study aims  The US FDA recently approved a cancer treatment with pembrolizumab based upon the tumor biomarker status of deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) rather than a specific disease-based approach. We sought to determine if endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) could determine dMMR and quantification of PD-L1 expression to potentially guide the delivery of tumor agnostic immunotherapy. Patients and methods  Immunohistochemistry was performed on archived pancreas core biopsy specimens...
October 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286463/is-peritoneal-dialysis-a-suitable-renal-replacement-therapy-option-for-polycystic-kidney-disease-patients
#10
Tao Zhang, Yitian Dou, Xuejun Wang, Jing Li, Shili Cao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mounting clinical experience and evidence from scale observational studies have suggested that polycystic kidney disease (PKD) was not a contraindication for peritoneal dialysis (PD). Recent studies have reported that PD may be associated with a better prognosis in PKD than that of non-PKD patients. To solve the problem, we performed a systematic review and comprehensive meta-analysis to compare the outcomes between PKD and non-PKD patients on PD and the all-cause mortality between patients with PKD on PD and hemodialysis (HD)...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248065/feasibility-and-safety-of-multicenter-tissue-and-biofluid-sampling-for-%C3%AE-synuclein-in-parkinson-s-disease-the-systemic-synuclein-sampling-study-s4
#11
Lana M Chahine, Thomas G Beach, Nicholas Seedorff, Chelsea Caspell-Garcia, Christopher S Coffey, Michael Brumm, Charles H Adler, Geidy E Serrano, Carly Linder, Sherri Mosovsky, Tatiana Foroud, Holly Riss, Dixie Ecklund, John Seibyl, Danna Jennings, Vanessa Arnedo, Lindsey Riley, K D Dave, Brit Mollenhauer
BACKGROUND: α-synuclein is a lead Parkinson's disease (PD) biomarker. There are conflicting reports regarding accuracy of α-synuclein in different tissues and biofluids as a PD biomarker, and the within-subject anatomical distribution of α-synuclein is not well described. The Systemic Synuclein Sampling Study (S4) aims to address these gaps in knowledge. The S4 is a multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study evaluating α-synuclein in multiple tissues and biofluids in PD and healthy controls (HC)...
2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209699/the-performance-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-on-the-face-name-associative-memory-examination
#12
Constantinos Kormas, Ioannis Zalonis, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Constantin Potagas
In this study, we examined the performance of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) with different cognitive profiles on the Face-Name Associative Memory Examination (FNAME). We evaluated 71 patients with a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. The results revealed that the group with executive and additional visuospatial deficits demonstrated significantly lower scores on FNAME. This finding indicates the possible clinical utility of FNAME for screening patients with PD with distinct cognitive profiles...
September 12, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095468/small-biopsies-misclassify-up-to-35-of-pd-l1-assessments-in-advanced-lung-non-small-cell-lung-carcinomas
#13
Gilbert Bigras, Simon Mairs, Paul E Swanson, Didier Morel, Raymond Lai, Iyare Izevbaye
Pembrolizumab is an FDA-approved immune-checkpoint (IC) inhibitor that targets programmed cell death protein PD-1, and recent phase III trials have demonstrated its superiority over chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Eligibility for treatment with Pembrolizumab is based on demonstration of PD-L1 expression on tumoral cells using the approved companion test 22C3 PharmDx (Dako). Access to the drug depends on a tumor proportion score (TPS) expressing the PD-L1 protein above predetermined cutoffs...
August 8, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30011388/adequacy-of-samples-obtained-by-endobronchial-ultrasound-with-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-molecular-analysis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Gonzalo Labarca, Erik Folch, Michael Jantz, Hiren J Mehta, Adnan Majid, Sebastian Fernandez-Bussy
RATIONALE: Endobronchial ultrasound and transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) are commonly used for the diagnosis and mediastinal staging of lung cancer. Molecular markers are becoming increasingly important in patients with lung cancer to define targetable mutations suitable for personalized therapy, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), reactive oxygen species proto-oncogene (ROS1), and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the adequacy of EBUS-TBNA-derived tissue for molecular analysis...
October 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995155/investigation-of-the-clinical-functioning-of-the-dimensional-clinical-personality-inventory-2-criticism-avoidance-dimension
#15
Lucas de Francisco Carvalho, Catarina Possenti Sette, Fabiano Koich Miguel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical functioning of the criticism avoidance dimension from the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory 2 (Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade 2 [IDCP-2]), establishing a clinically relevant cut-off for the typical traits of avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) for screening purposes. METHODS: We administered the IDCP-2 to a sample of 2,276 subjects aged 18 to 90 years (mean = 26.95, standard deviation = 9.71). Of the total sample, 1,650 were women (67%) and most were college students (72...
2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978446/sodium-removal-by-peritoneal-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Silvio Borrelli, Vincenzo La Milia, Luca De Nicola, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Roberto Russo, Michele Provenzano, Roberto Minutolo, Giuseppe Conte, Carlo Garofalo
Achievement of sodium and fluid balance is considered a major determinant of dialysis adequacy in peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the contribution of different PD modalities to dialytic sodium removal (DSR) remains ill-defined. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare DSR by manual (continuous ambulatory PD, CAPD) versus automated PD (APD). Alternative PD strategies to remove sodium were also analyzed. Seven cohort studies, including 683 patients, 406 in CAPD and 277 in APD, were meta-analyzed out of the 30 studies selected based on DSR data availability...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848598/outcomes-and-challenges-of-a-pd-first-program-a-south-african-perspective
#17
Bianca Davidson, Kenneth Crombie, Kathryn Manning, Brian Rayner, Nicola Wearne
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) currently performs the most peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Africa. Yet outcome data on PD programs on the continent are limited. With the escalating need for renal replacement, PD remains a life-saving modality especially as hemodialysis is limited in the public sector. This study aims to evaluate and report the outcomes of a PD-First program performed in a resource-limited setting and identify factors linked to poor outcomes. METHODS: This observational cohort study was performed at Groote Schuur Hospital, analyzing all PD patients retrospectively from January 2008 to June 2014 and thereafter prospectively until June 2015...
May 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799850/the-impact-of-alternative-pricing-methods-for-drugs-in-california-workers-compensation-system-fee-schedule-pricing
#18
Leslie Wilson, Fatema A Turkistani, Wei Huang, Dang M Tran, Tracy Kuo Lin
INTRODUCTION: California's Workers' Compensation System (CAWCS) Department of Industrial Relations questioned the adequacy of the current Medi-Cal fee-schedule pricing and requested analysis of alternatives that maximize price availability and maintain budget neutrality. OBJECTIVES: To compare CAWCS pharmacy-dispensed (PD) drug prices under alternative fee schedules, and identify combinations of alternative benchmarks that have prices available for the largest percentage of PD drugs and that best reach budget neutrality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694954/remote-monitoring-of-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-improves-personalization-of-dialytic-prescription-and-patient-s-independence
#19
Sabrina Milan Manani, Carlo Crepaldi, Anna Giuliani, Grazia Maria Virzì, Francesco Garzotto, Caterina Riello, Massimo de Cal, Mitchell H Rosner, Claudio Ronco
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring (RM) supports a healthcare model that enhances patients' self-management. We evaluated the utility of RM in patients undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). METHODS: We observed 37 -RM-APD patients, 16 incidents, and 21 prevalents switched from traditional APD (T-APD). We observed the number of changes for APD prescription, the frequency of visits, and PD adequacy parameters during 1 year of RM utilization in APD. RESULTS: The APD prescriptions were modified more frequently in RM-APD vs...
2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659668/cytology-cell-blocks-are-suitable-for-immunohistochemical-testing-for-pd-l1-in-lung-cancer
#20
H Wang, J Agulnik, G Kasymjanova, A Wang, P Jiménez, V Cohen, D Small, C Pepe, L Sakr, P O Fiset, M Auger, S Camilleri-Broet, M Alam El Din, G Chong, L van Kempen, A Spatz
Background: PD-L1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) testing is usually carried out on tissue blocks from core needle biopsy or surgical resections. In this study, we assessed the feasibility of using cytology cell blocks for PD-L1 IHC assay. Methods: A total of 1419 consecutive cases of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including 371 cytology cell blocks, 809 small biopsies, and 239 surgical specimens, were included in the study. The cytology cell blocks were prepared with formalin only, methanol/alcohol only or both...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
keyword
keyword
167188
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"