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Flu shot

Wandi Zhu, Song Li, Chao Wang, Guoying Yu, Mark R Prausnitz, Bao-Zhong Wang
Skin vaccination using biodegradable microneedle patch (MNP) technology in vaccine delivery is a promising strategy showing significant advantages over conventional flu shots. In this study, we developed an MNP encapsulating a 4M2e-tFliC fusion protein and two types of whole inactivated influenza virus vaccines (H1N1 and H3N2) as a universal vaccine candidate. We demonstrated that mice receiving this tri-component influenza vaccine via MNP acquired improved IgG1 antibody responses with more balanced IgG1/IgG2a antibody responses and enhanced cellular immune responses, including increased populations of IL-4 and IFN-γ producing cells and higher frequencies of antigen-specific plasma cells compared with intramuscular injection...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Nikolija Lukich, Michael Kekewich, Virginia Roth
Each year, many healthcare organizations deal with low influenza immunization rates among staff. Mandatory influenza vaccination programs may be considered in order to address this issue. These types of programs have caused controversy in the past, as staff has argued that they infringe upon their liberties and right to autonomy. However, if viewed from a public health perspective, mandatory vaccination programs are beneficial for both employees and patients and can be justified. When individuals make the decision to work in the medical field, it is assumed that their values align with those of the organization for which they work...
August 9, 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
Andrew G Wu, Ashish S Shah, Tara S Haelle, Scott A Lunos, Michael B Pitt
Images in health communication have been shown to affect perspectives and attitudes towards health issues including vaccination. We seek to quantify the frequency of images used in online news coverage of vaccines that may convey varying sentiments about vaccination. To capture a breadth of vaccine-related news coverage, including international sources, we searched the following terms in Google News Archives: "autism and vaccine", "flu and vaccine", and "measles and Disneyland"...
2018: PloS One
John Cawley, Aparna Soni, Kosali Simon
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 incentivized states to expand eligibility for their Medicaid programs. Many did so in 2014, and there has been great interest in understanding the effects of these expansions on access to health care, health care utilization, and population health. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the longer-term (three-year) impact of Medicaid expansions on insurance coverage, access to care, preventive care, self-assessed health, and risky health behaviors...
June 25, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Huabin Luo, Zhuo Adam Chen, Lei Xu, Ronny A Bell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether the recent Medicaid expansion, as a natural experiment, was associated with better access to care and, as a consequence, better receipt of clinical diabetes care services. METHODS: Data were from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The analytical sample included 20 708 working-age adults with diabetes aged 18 to 64 years from 22 states. The outcome variables included 4 measures of access to care and 4 measures of receipt of clinical diabetes care services...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Sangbo Nam, Sae Hwang Han, Megan Gilligan
Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the link between internet use and preventive health behaviors. We focused on couples to examine whether there were cross-partner associations between internet use and preventive health behaviors. Research Design and Methods: The data for this study came from the 2010 and 2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study and the sample consisted of 5,143 pairs of coupled-individuals. Preventive health behaviors included cancer screenings (mammogram and prostate tests), cholesterol tests, and flu shots...
May 22, 2018: Gerontologist
Erika Valeska Rossetto, Expedito J A Luna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Huabin Luo, Ronny A Bell, Doyle M Cummings, Zhuo Adam Chen
This analysis assessed trends in measures of diabetes preventive care overall and by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2000-2015). We found increasing trends in 5 measures: diabetes self-management education (DSME), daily blood glucose self-monitoring, hemoglobin A1c tests, foot examinations, and flu shots. Non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white respondents showed increases in blood glucose self-monitoring, and a significant time-by-race interaction was observed for annual flu shots...
March 22, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Dahai Yue, Petra W Rasmussen, Ninez A Ponce
OBJECTIVE: To assess racial/ethnic differential impacts of the ACA's Medicaid expansion on low-income, nonelderly adults' access to primary care. DATA SOURCES: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, State Physicians Workforce Data Book, and Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2013 and 2015. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design with difference-in-differences analyses. Outcomes included health insurance coverage, having personal doctor(s), being unable to see doctors because of cost, and receiving a flu shot...
February 22, 2018: Health Services Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Family Practice Management
Sarah Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: ACS Central Science
Colleen T Fogarty, LaTresha Crues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Family Practice Management
E Kale Edmiston, Cameron A Donald, Alice Rose Sattler, J Klint Peebles, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Kristen Laurel Eckstrand
Purpose: Transgender people face barriers to accessing healthcare, resulting in population-level disparities in health outcomes. Little research is available to better understand the receipt of primary healthcare among transgender patients or how the rate of receipt of preventive care may differ among transgender populations. Methods: The medical literature regarding U.S. adult transgender primary healthcare was reviewed using a keyword search strategy: transgender OR transsexual OR transvestite OR gender nonconforming for articles published between January 1, 2001 and June 15, 2015...
2016: Transgender Health
Carrie Henning-Smith, Katy Kozhimannil, Michelle Casey, Shailendra Prasad, Ira Moscovice
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable debate in recent years about whether, and how, to risk-adjust quality measures for sociodemographic characteristics. However, geographic location, especially rurality, has been largely absent from the discussion. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences by rurality in quality outcomes, and the impact of adjustment for individual and community-level sociodemographic characteristics on quality outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The 2012 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, Access to Care module, combined with the 2012 County Health Rankings...
September 2017: Medical Care
Gilbert Gimm, Elizabeth Wood, Preeti Zanwar
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in access to preventive services for working-age adults with physical limitations, nonphysical limitations, and no limitations. DESIGN: Observational data were pooled across calendar years 2003 through 2012 from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), a nationally representative survey of noninstitutionalized U.S. adults. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Working-age adults (N=75,145; age range, 18-64y) who responded to all 5 rounds of the MEPS during 2003 through 2012...
December 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Aurélie Bocquier, Lisa Fressard, Alain Paraponaris, Bérengère Davin, Pierre Verger
People with disabilities use various preventive health services less frequently than others, notably because of a lower socioeconomic status (SES). We examined variations of seasonal influenza vaccine uptake according to type/severity of disability and SES. We analyzed (in 2016) data from the 2008 French national cross-sectional survey on health and disability (n=12,396 adults living in the community and belonging to target groups for seasonal influenza vaccination). We defined seasonal influenza vaccine uptake during the 2007-2008 season by the self-reporting of a flu shot between September 2007 and March 2008...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Julie A Schmittdiel, Jennifer C Barrow, Deanne Wiley, Lin Ma, Danny Sam, Christopher V Chau, Susan M Shetterly
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of enrolling in a healthcare plan through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) healthcare exchanges on self-reported access to care. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study using self-reported data of patients newly enrolled in Kaiser Permanente California and Kaiser Permanente Colorado through the ACA healthcare exchanges for coverage beginning January 1, 2014. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up surveys conducted via mail and telephone, with response rates of 45% and 51%, respectively...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
Mitch Leslie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Science
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