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Peripherical vertigo

Dan Rujescu, Annette M Hartmann, Ina Giegling, Bettina Konte, Marko Herrling, Susanne Himmelein, Michael Strupp
Objective: In order to identify genetic variants associated with vestibular neuritis, a common cause of peripheral vertigo with a potential causative link to the reactivation of herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1), we conducted a genome-wide association study. Methods: Association was assessed using approximately 8 million variants. 131 patients with vestibular neuritis and 2,609 controls of European ancestry were included. Results: Genome-wide associations with vestibular neuritis were detected in 4 regions containing protein coding genes assignable to two functional groups: virus hypothesis and insulin metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
A Di Stadio, L Dipietro, M Ralli, F Meneghello, A Minni, A Greco, M R Stabile, E Bernitsas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (S-SNHL) may be an early symptom of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the following keywords: "Multiple sclerosis, hearing loss, sudden hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, magnetic resonance imaging, otoacoustic emission, auditory brainstem responses, white matter lesions, sensorineural hearing loss, symptoms of MS and otolaryngology, nerve disease and MS"...
July 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Sylvette R Wiener-Vacher, Juliette Quarez, Audrey Le Priol
The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of vestibular impairment (VI) in children ( n  = 2,528) referred for complete vestibular testing because of balance disorders (BD) or hearing loss (H). A VI was shown in 51.5% of the children tested (1,304/2,528). For BD (e.g., vertigo, dizziness, instability, delay in posturomotor development), VI was found in 36.5% ( n  = 379/1,037). The most frequent causes of BD with VI included inner ear malformation (13.5%), delay in posturomotor development (13...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Yaser Said Cetin, Omer Afsin Ozmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoglu, Oguz Basut, Hakan Coskun
Objective: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral cause of vertigo. It can be defined as transient vertigo induced by rapid change in head position, associated with a characteristic paroxysmal positional nystagmus. Posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most frequent form of BPPV. The aim of our study was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of Epley maneuver and Brand-Daroff home exercises for the treatment of posterior canal BPPV...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Jie Yang, Huan Jia, Gen Li, Meiping Huang, Weidong Zhu, Zhaoyan Wang, Yun Li, Hao Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the objective and subjective effects of intratympanic gentamicin treatment in patients with small vestibular schwannomas who exhibit intractable vertigo. PATIENTS: Individuals diagnosed with small vestibular schwannomas who exhibited intractable vertigo were retrospectively reviewed. INTERVENTIONS: Intratympanic gentamicin injection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Vertigo control. RESULTS: Eight patients were included in the study...
July 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Christopher Elnan Kvistad, Vojtech Novotny, Halvor Næss, Guri Hagberg, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Lars Thomassen, Nicola Logallo
Background Stroke mimics are frequently treated with thrombolysis in clinical practice and thrombolytic trials. Although alteplase in stroke mimics has proven to be safe, safety of tenecteplase in stroke mimics has not been assessed in an ischemic stroke study setting. We aimed to assess clinical characteristics and safety of stroke mimics treated with thrombolysis in the Norwegian Tenecteplase Stroke Trial. We also aimed to identify possible predictors of stroke mimics as compared to patients with acute cerebral ischemia...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
(no author information available yet)
Downbeat nystagmus is not rare and usually considered as a central nervous system disease. However, there are a lot of diseases that present with downbeat nystagmus only or downbeat component in nystagmus, including peripheral and central vestibular diseases and Chiari malformations. This review will briefly summarize the vestibulo ocular reflexes and the mechanisms of the downbeat nystagmus with a peripheral origin, and then common vestibular disease such as the anterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, posterior semicircular canal light cupula, Meniere's disease and inferior vestibular neuritis are reviewed...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Eman Abd Elmohsin Dawoud, Elshahat Ibrahem Ismail, Soheir Abdel-Gaber Eltoukhy, Ayman El-Saeed El-Sharabasy
Objectives: To evaluate audiological and vestibular functions via basic audiological evaluation, otoacoustic emissions and videonystagmography (VNG) in vitiligo patients. Material and methods: 30 vitiligo patients (8 acrofacial and 22 mixed types) as the study group and 30 normal healthy adults as the control group were included in the study. All participants were submitted to basic audiological evaluation, transient and distortion product otoacoustic emmisions (TEOAEs and DPOAEs), vestibular assessment including history taking, office tests and videonystagmography (VNG) and dermatological assessment to determine type, percent of body surface area involvement and duration of vitiligo...
September 2017: Journal of Otology
Federico Maria Gioacchini, Roberto Albera, Massimo Re, Alfonso Scarpa, Claudia Cassandro, Ettore Cassandro
Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for falling, particularly in the elderly. Due to chronic hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia patients with diabetes mellitus may have neurological deficits as peripheral neuropathy that is a debilitating micro-vascular complication affecting the proximal and distal peripheral sensory and motor nerves. Sensory neuropathy is prominent and represents the chief contributor to postural instability in diabetic subjects. Diabetic retinopathy is another complication consequent to a breakdown of the inner blood-retinal barrier with accumulation of extracellular fluids in the macula and growth of new vessels causing retinal detachment...
June 23, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Thomas Brandt, Eva Grill, Michael Strupp, Doreen Huppert
Aims: To determine the susceptibility to visual height intolerance (vHI) in patients with acquired bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP). The question was whether postural instability in BVP, which is partially compensated for by visual substitution of the impaired vestibular control of balance, leads to an increased susceptibility. This is of particular importance since fear of heights is dependent on body posture, and visual control of balance at heights can no longer substitute vestibular input. For comparison susceptibility to vHI was determined in patients with other vestibular or functional disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Q X Yao, H Wang, Q Luo, Z D Yu, H B Shi, S K Yin
Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and to help accomplish accurate diagnosis and treatment strategies by analyzing the composition and clinical features of various diseases with acute constant vertigo. Method: We retrospectively analyzed medical records (including name, sex, age, diabetes, hypertension, history of vertigo, family history, etc.),otoneurological examination, vestibular function tests and radiological examination of patients with acute vestibular syndrome.We classified various diseases according to diagnostic criteria, and then analyze the clinical data...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Georges Rosario Christian Millogo, Ragomzingba Frank Edgard Zongo, Anita Benao, Estelle Noëla Hoho Youl, Blaise Alexandre Bazona Bassoleth, Moussa Ouédraogo, Patrice Zabsonré, Innocent Pierre Guissou
Medicinal treatment of arterial hypertension (AH) may cause adverse effects which can be annoying and thus influence patient's compliance with treatment. Our study focused on these undesirable effects in patients followed up for AH on an ambulatory basis in the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo from July to September 2015. Our aim was to determine their rates and their characteristics. Data were obtained from patients' interview, from the examination of patients' follow-up records and of medical consultation forms...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
X L Zhang, M J Zhang, D L Liu, Q F Zhang
Objective: To analyze the etiological characteristics of patients in department of ENT with chief complaint of vertigo or dizziness in order to reduce the rate of misdiagnosis and wrong treatment. Method: A total of 3 137 patients in department of ENT with chief complaint of vertigo or dizziness from Sep 2015 to Sep 2017 were included and the etiologies were clarified retrospectively. And in which with any of the 8 kinds of disease including benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV), vestibular neuritis, vestibular migraine (VM), Meiniére disease, recurrent vestibular disease, sudden deafness with vertigo, psychogenic vertigo, posterior circulation ischemia (PCI) together 2 138 patients were further stratified analyzed by gender and age...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Steven Lien, J David Dickman
The increased use of close range explosives has led to a higher incidence of exposure to blast-related head trauma. Exposure to primary blast waves is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Active service members and civilians who have experienced blast waves report high rates of vestibular dysfunction, such as vertigo, oscillopsia, imbalance, and dizziness. Accumulating evidence suggests that exposure to blast-wave trauma produces damage to both the peripheral and central vestibular system; similar to previous findings that blast exposure results in damage to auditory receptors...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
C R Gordon, R Tamir, R Furas, C Klein, R Roth
OBJECTIVE: A pilot study to assess the efficacy and safety of a novel specs device developed to alleviate chronic dizziness using eyeglasses with referential marks fixed on the lenses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with stable symptoms of chronic dizziness for more than 3 months participated in a 4-week, double-blind, randomized treatment with Active-Specs or Sham-Specs. Efficacy was assessed using validated semiquantitative scales and questionnaires of vertigo, dizziness and anxiety...
June 3, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Gregory T Whitman
Dizziness is a common symptom encountered by all physicians. Dizziness and related symptoms are frequently linked to one or more of a list of contributors that includes benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière's disease, migraine, acute peripheral vestibulopathy, cerebral ischemia and anxiety disorders. Awareness of these common clinical patterns increases the likelihood of making a rapid, accurate diagnosis.
May 31, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
S Glasauer, M Dieterich, T Brandt
Acute unilateral lesions of vestibular graviceptive pathways from the otolith organs and semicircular canals via vestibular nuclei and the thalamus to the parieto-insular vestibular cortex regularly cause deviations of perceived verticality in the frontal roll plane. These tilts are ipsilateral in peripheral and in ponto-medullary lesions and contralateral in ponto-mesencephalic lesions. Unilateral lesions of the vestibular thalamus or cortex cause smaller tilts of the perceived vertical, which may be either ipsilateral or contralateral...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Sung Eun Chung, Tae Hwan Yoon, Kyung Mi Lee, Hyug-Gi Kim, Bum Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Cervical artery dissection is one of the most important causes of ischemic stroke in young age patients. However, multiple cervical artery dissection simultaneously involving the anterior and posterior circulation is uncommon. Here, we would like to report a case of a patient with bilateral vertebral artery (VA) and internal carotid artery dissection (ICA) after a use of systemic steroid due to peripheral facial palsy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old man with hypertension visited emergency department due to recurrent vertigo...
May 28, 2018: BMC Neurology
Q Yuan, Y Zhang, D L Liu, X L Zhang, Q F Zhang
Objective: To review the results of caloric test and the video head impulse test (vHIT) in a cohort of VM patients and assessed the value of each for predicting the prognosis in VM patients. Method: A retrospective analysis was performed on VM patients in our vertigo clinic, vestibular function were assessed by caloric test and vHIT at the initial visit and 6 months after treatment. Complete response (CR) was defined as no need for continued medication, uncomplete response (UR) as improved symptoms but need for continued medication, no symptomatic improvement...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
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