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Peripherical vertigo

Roland Hülse, Andreas Biesdorf, Karl Hörmann, Boris Stuck, Michael Erhart, Manfred Hülse, Angela Wenzel
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is a common complaint in medicine. Nevertheless, there is a lack of valid data concerning the age and gender distribution of dizziness disorders within a larger population. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to undertake a representative epidemiological survey that examines all age groups of an entire population and describes the age and gender distribution of the most common peripheral vestibular disorders. METHODS: A population-based epidemiological survey based on confirmed ICD-10 codes, of an entire national population was performed...
October 4, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Q Li, C Yang, W B Liu, Z X Li, H Q Jiang
Summary A male patients at 11 years of age, was hospitalized for the right ear pain and mouth deviation for five days on August 30, 2016, accompanied by right hypophasis, right ear hearing loss, tinnitus, without otorrhea and vertigo. Patient was diagnosed as acute promyelocytic leukemia in 2008. After standardized chemotherapy, it was completely relieved and the blood and bone marrow images were almost restored to normal. Physical examination: The skin of the right external auditory canal is obviously swollen, without rupture on the surface, and the tympanic membrane cannot be seen...
August 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Renata M Knoll, Reuven Ishai, Danielle R Trakimas, Jenny X Chen, Joseph B Nadol, Steven D Rauch, Aaron K Remenschneider, David H Jung, Elliott D Kozin
Objective Vestibular symptoms such as dizziness and vertigo are common after head injury and may be due to trauma to the peripheral vestibular system. The pathophysiology of peripheral vestibular symptoms following head injury without temporal bone (TB) fracture, however, is not well understood. Herein, we investigate the histopathology of the peripheral vestibular system of patients who sustained head injury without a TB fracture. Study Design Otopathology study. Setting Otopathology laboratory. Subjects and Methods TB of subjects with a history of head injury without TB fractures were included and evaluated by light microscopy...
October 2, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Alia Saberi, Seyed Hashem Pourshafie, Ehsan Kazemnejad-Leili, Shadman Nemati, Sara Sutohian, Sara Sayad-Fathi
BACKGROUND: Vertigo is a common annoying complaint needing emergent treatment. There are various treatment options for this condition with different outcomes and side effects. OBJECTIVES: Assessment and comparison of the effectiveness of Ondansetron and Promethazine in the treatment of acute peripheral vertigo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted in an academic hospital in the north of Iran in 2017. A total of 170 eligible patients were randomly allocated to groups A: received intramuscular (IM) promethazine; and B: received intravenous (IV) Ondansetron, using quadripartite blocks...
September 14, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Ethem Şahin, İldem Deveci, Mehmet Emre Dinç, Berna Yayla Özker, Cemile Biçer, Özcan Erel
OBJECTIVE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent peripheral vestibular disorder and is particularly seen among older patients suffering from vertigo. The brief vertigo attacks in and imbalance symptoms of BPPV are caused by freely floating otoconia within the semicircular canals. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the role of oxidative stress, using native thiol/disulfide (SH/SS) homeostasis as a novel indicator, in the etiology of BPPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 62 participants in the study included 31 patients with BPPV and, as the control group, 31 healthy individuals without any cochleovestibular disorders...
August 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Syeda S Ahmed, Michael Giardina, Kendra L Nicks, Han-Hung Huang
PURPOSE: This case report presents evidence-based physical therapy assessments and interventions for a patient with unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH). UVH is the result of peripheral vestibular dysfunction in the inner ear. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 48-year-old male with symptoms of dizziness, cephalalgia, and cervicalgia. The examination and treatment were focused on impaired cervical proprioception, which is a vital component of balance training in addition to visual, vestibular, and somatosensory re-education for patients with dizziness...
September 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Jonathan H Sin, Hira Shafeeq, Zachary D Levy
PURPOSE: The uses of nimodipine for otolaryngic indications are reviewed, and recommendations for its use in clinical practice are provided. SUMMARY: Nimodipine is currently indicated for the improvement of neurologic outcomes in adult patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, other oral and i.v. calcium channel blockers have not exhibited the same beneficial effects in patients with aSAH, leading clinicians to believe that nimodipine possesses unique neuroprotective effects in addition to its calcium channel-blocking and vasodilatory properties...
September 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Toine Mercier, Griet Deslypere, Kristiaan Nackaerts
OBJECTIVES: Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare complication of varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation with high morbidity, requiring swift and specific treatment. METHODS: We discuss the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of RHS using a case report of a cancer patient who presented with disseminated VZV reactivation, including RHS. RESULTS: A 68-year old man with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma, for which he received pemetrexed maintenance chemotherapy, presented to the emergency department with a progressive skin rash despite broad spectrum antibiotics, vertigo, and diminished hearing...
September 6, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
A Zwergal, V Kirsch, J Gerb, J Dlugaiczyk, S Becker-Bense, M Dieterich
Vertigo and dizziness are frequent chief complaints in clinical practice. Symptoms may originate from otological, neurological, medical and psychiatric etiologies, which poses an interdisciplinary challenge. Systematic analysis of case history and clinical examination generally allow classification into peripheral-, central- or non-vestibular disorders. The most important criteria for differentiation are the timeline, quality of symptoms, modulating factors and accompanying symptoms. As concerns the clinical examination, the following tests are relevant: head impulse test, test for spontaneous nystagmus, positional nystagmus, central ocular motor signs and the Romberg test...
October 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Tanja Högg, José M A Wijnands, Elaine Kingwell, Feng Zhu, Xinya Lu, Charity Evans, John D Fisk, Ruth Ann Marrie, Yinshan Zhao, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest the existence of a prodromal period in multiple sclerosis, but little is known about the phenotypic characteristics. This study aims to characterize the multiple sclerosis (MS) prodrome using data mining analytics in the healthcare setting. METHODS: We identified people with MS and matched general population controls using health administrative data in two Canadian provinces (British Columbia and Saskatchewan). Using a training dataset (66...
August 8, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Andrea Mike, T László Tamás
Dizziness is one of the most common causes of medical visits. Management of the dizzy patient may be challenging both for the general practitioner, in emergency departments, and special clinics, as behind a seemingly homogeneous clinical presentation several very different etiologies may occur. Research of the last two century enriched our knowledge about physiology and pathophysiology of the vestibular system. Much knowledge is now available about the labyrinth being able to sense head motions and gravity, processing of afferent vestibular stimuli, reflectory oculomotor and postural control, or recovery of the vestibular system...
July 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Maria Köping, Wafaa Shehata-Dieler, Dieter Schneider, Mario Cebulla, Daniel Oder, Jonas Müntze, Peter Nordbeck, Christoph Wanner, Rudolf Hagen, Sebastian P Schraven
BACKGROUND: Fabry Disease (FD) is an X-linked hereditary lysosomal storage disorder which leads to a multisystemic intralysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramid (Gb3). Besides prominent renal and cardiac organ involvement, patients commonly complain about vestibulocochlear symptoms like high-frequency hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo. However, comprehensive data especially on vertigo remain scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of vertigo and hearing loss in patients with FD, depending on renal and cardiac parameters and get hints about the site and the pattern of the lesions...
August 15, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Dan Rujescu, Annette M Hartmann, Ina Giegling, Bettina Konte, Marko Herrling, Susanne Himmelein, Michael Strupp
Objective: In order to identify genetic variants associated with vestibular neuritis, a common cause of peripheral vertigo with a potential causative link to the reactivation of herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1), we conducted a genome-wide association study. Methods: Association was assessed using approximately 8 million variants. 131 patients with vestibular neuritis and 2,609 controls of European ancestry were included. Results: Genome-wide associations with vestibular neuritis were detected in 4 regions containing protein coding genes assignable to two functional groups: virus hypothesis and insulin metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
A Di Stadio, L Dipietro, M Ralli, F Meneghello, A Minni, A Greco, M R Stabile, E Bernitsas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (S-SNHL) may be an early symptom of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the following keywords: "Multiple sclerosis, hearing loss, sudden hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, magnetic resonance imaging, otoacoustic emission, auditory brainstem responses, white matter lesions, sensorineural hearing loss, symptoms of MS and otolaryngology, nerve disease and MS"...
July 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Sylvette R Wiener-Vacher, Juliette Quarez, Audrey Le Priol
The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of vestibular impairment (VI) in children ( n  = 2,528) referred for complete vestibular testing because of balance disorders (BD) or hearing loss (H). A VI was shown in 51.5% of the children tested (1,304/2,528). For BD (e.g., vertigo, dizziness, instability, delay in posturomotor development), VI was found in 36.5% ( n  = 379/1,037). The most frequent causes of BD with VI included inner ear malformation (13.5%), delay in posturomotor development (13...
August 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Yaser Said Cetin, Omer Afsin Ozmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoglu, Oguz Basut, Hakan Coskun
Objective: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral cause of vertigo. It can be defined as transient vertigo induced by rapid change in head position, associated with a characteristic paroxysmal positional nystagmus. Posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most frequent form of BPPV. The aim of our study was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of Epley maneuver and Brand-Daroff home exercises for the treatment of posterior canal BPPV...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Jie Yang, Huan Jia, Gen Li, Meiping Huang, Weidong Zhu, Zhaoyan Wang, Yun Li, Hao Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the objective and subjective effects of intratympanic gentamicin treatment in patients with small vestibular schwannomas who exhibit intractable vertigo. PATIENTS: Individuals diagnosed with small vestibular schwannomas who exhibited intractable vertigo were retrospectively reviewed. INTERVENTIONS: Intratympanic gentamicin injection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Vertigo control. RESULTS: Eight patients were included in the study...
September 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Christopher Elnan Kvistad, Vojtech Novotny, Halvor Næss, Guri Hagberg, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Lars Thomassen, Nicola Logallo
Background Stroke mimics are frequently treated with thrombolysis in clinical practice and thrombolytic trials. Although alteplase in stroke mimics has proven to be safe, safety of tenecteplase in stroke mimics has not been assessed in an ischemic stroke study setting. We aimed to assess clinical characteristics and safety of stroke mimics treated with thrombolysis in the Norwegian Tenecteplase Stroke Trial. We also aimed to identify possible predictors of stroke mimics as compared to patients with acute cerebral ischemia...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
(no author information available yet)
Downbeat nystagmus is not rare and usually considered as a central nervous system disease. However, there are a lot of diseases that present with downbeat nystagmus only or downbeat component in nystagmus, including peripheral and central vestibular diseases and Chiari malformations. This review will briefly summarize the vestibulo ocular reflexes and the mechanisms of the downbeat nystagmus with a peripheral origin, and then common vestibular disease such as the anterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, posterior semicircular canal light cupula, Meniere's disease and inferior vestibular neuritis are reviewed...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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