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Collective AND sport*

Peter Langhorne, Janice M Collier, Patricia J Bate, Matthew Nt Thuy, Julie Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: Very early mobilisation (VEM) is performed in some stroke units and recommended in some acute stroke clinical guidelines. However, it is unclear whether very early mobilisation independently improves outcome after stroke. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether very early mobilisation (started as soon as possible, and no later than 48 hours after onset of symptoms) in people with acute stroke improves recovery (primarily the proportion of independent survivors) compared with usual care...
October 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Floris R Goes, Matthias Kempe, Laurentius A Meerhoff, Koen A P M Lemmink
In professional soccer, nowadays almost every team employs tracking technology to monitor performance during trainings and matches. Over the recent years, there has been a rapid increase in both the quality and quantity of data collected in soccer resulting in large amounts of data collected by teams every single day. The sheer amount of available data provides opportunities as well as challenges to both science and practice. Traditional experimental and statistical methods used in sport science do not seem fully capable to exploit the possibilities of the large amounts of data in modern soccer...
September 21, 2018: Big Data
Dominic S Carreira, Matthew C Kruchten, Brendan R Emmons, Ashley N Startzman, RobRoy L Martin
Background: There is a paucity of prospectively collected data as they relate to nerve injuries after hip arthroscopic surgery. Studies describing the relationship of neurological injuries to portal placement and the duration and magnitude of traction force with regular and standardized patient follow-up protocols are limited. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to characterize nerve deficits in a series of patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery as these deficits relate to axial traction and portal placement...
September 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Aamir Raoof Memon, Bahadur Ali, Attiq Ur Rehman Memon, Imran Ahmed, Jam Feroz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with participation of Pakistani female students in organised sports at a university in a rural setting in Pakistan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted during March and April 2017 at the Peoples University of Medical & Health Sciences for Women, Nawabshah in the Sindh province of Pakistan, and comprised undergraduate female students who got injured during the "Sports Week" organized at the university and visited the on-site physiotherapy camp...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Aram Saadi,, Mousa Tavassoli,, Bahram Dalir-Naghadeh,, Awat Samiei
Dictyocaulus arnfieldi is a lungworm commonly found in equids; however, relatively little is known about it. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence of equine lungworms in naturally-infected working and sporting horses, donkeys and mules in rural areas of Urmia, northwest Iran. The fecal samples were collected from 299 working horses, 57 sporting horses, 66 donkeys and 37 mules during the period March 2014 to June 2016. The collected fecal samples were processed within 48 hours following rectal sampling...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Kota Watanabe, Takao Akama, Shin Asakawa, Kimitaka Fukuda, Hiroya Sakai, Toru Okuwaki, Tomohito Imai, Hiroko Sato, Masaki Katayose, Manikavasagam Jegathesan, Nadia Al Shamali
OBJECTIVES: We describe the medical services provided and report the injuries and illnesses that occurred at the eighth Asian Winter Games 2017. METHODS: A total of 2010 athletes and team officials from 32 National Olympic Committees and 2 guest countries attended this event; medical services were provided for 16 days. Medical data (medical care and physiotherapy) were collected for the same period by the organising committee for athletes and non-athletes (team officials, workforce, media and spectators) and recorded on the electronic medical record system at the medical rooms in the venues and the team residences...
October 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Peilong Dong, Song Gu, Yiqiu Jiang, Wangxiang Yao, Kaibin Zhang, Tianqi Tao, Yang Li, Wang Li, Jianchao Gui
Lateral ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in sports. Recently, arthroscopic lateral ligament reconstruction has been recently advocated, however no biomechanical studies and clinical application of this technique are available. In this biomechanical study, eighteen fresh-frozen cadaveric ankles were randomized into three groups: (1) intact anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), (2) arthroscopic anatomic reconstruction of ATFL and CFL, and (3) all arthroscopic remnant-preserving reconstruction of ATFL and CFL...
October 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Tamir Ailon, Jin Tee, Neil Manson, Hamilton Hall, Ken Thomas, Y Raja Rampersaud, Albert Yee, Nicolas Dea, Andrew Glennie, Chris Bailey, Sean Christie, Michael H Weber, Andrew Nataraj, Jerome Paquet, Mike Johnson, Jonathan Norton, Henry Ahn, Greg McIntosh, Charles G Fisher
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of results from a prospectively collected Canadian cohort in comparison to published literature. OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate whether patients in a universal health care system (HCS) have different outcomes than those in a multi-tier HCS in surgical management of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). (2) To identify independent factors predictive of outcome in surgical DS patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Canada has a national health insurance program with unique properties...
October 9, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Songchao Yin, Xie Xiaoyuan, Meirong Li, Xin Zhou, Ling Wei, Zhirui Chen, Jian Chen, Chun Lu, Sybren de Hoog, Wei Lai, Peiying Feng
BACKGROUND: Emergence of highly inflammatory genital dermatophyte infections has been reported from Southeast Asia. In view of this, knowledge of the non-outbreak fungal flora of the genitals is required as a baseline study. OBJECTIVES: We present our 12-year experience in a tertiary clinic with the diagnosis of scrotal fungal infections. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with a diagnosis of scrotal fungal infections proven by direct microscopy and culture...
October 11, 2018: Mycoses
Kenneth B Smale, Teresa E Flaxman, Tine Alkjaer, Erik B Simonsen, Michael R Krogsgaard, Daniel L Benoit
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify high-functioning anterior cruciate ligament-deficient patients and assess the effects of reconstruction on their self-reported functionality, muscle activations and biomechanical properties. METHODS: Twenty young and active patients participated pre- (11.5 ± 14.3 months post-injury) and again 10.5 ± 1.7 months post-reconstruction and were individually matched to 20 healthy controls. Participants completed hop and side cut movements while patient-related outcome measures, lower limb electromyography, kinetic, and whole body kinematic data were collected...
October 10, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Sally Bromley, Michael Drew, Scott Talpey, Andrew McIntosh, Caroline Finch
BACKGROUND: Electronic methods are increasingly being used to manage health-related data among sporting populations. Collection of such data permits the analysis of injury and illness trends, improves early detection of injuries and illnesses, collectively referred to as health problems, and provides evidence to inform prevention strategies. The Athlete Management System (AMS) has been employed across a range of sports to monitor health. Australian combat athletes train across the country without dedicated national medical or sports science teams to monitor and advocate for their health...
October 9, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
Aimee L Brownbill, Caroline L Miller, Annette J Braunack-Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the ways in which sugar-containing beverages are being portrayed as 'better-for-you' (BFY) via features on product labels. DESIGN: Cross-sectional audit of beverage labels. SETTING: Adelaide, Australia. Data on beverage labels were collected from seventeen grocery stores during September to November 2016. SUBJECTS: The content of 945 sugar-containing beverages labels were analysed for explicit and implicit features positioning them as healthy or BFY...
October 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Danielle M Logue, Sharon M Madigan, Mirjam Heinen, Sarah-Jane McDonnell, Eamonn Delahunt, Clare A Corish
INTRODUCTION: Low energy availability (LEA) results in physiological adaptations, which can contribute to unfavourable health outcomes. Little information exists on risk of LEA in active individuals competing in different sports or levels of competition. The aims of this study were to (1) identify risk of LEA in females competing at different levels of competition and (2) investigate associations between risk of LEA, illness and dietary habits. METHODS: The validated questionnaire, 'Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire' was distributed online (November 2016-February 2017) to assess risk of LEA...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Itay Perets, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Brian Mu, Lyall Ashberg, Muriel R Battaglia, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To report minimum 5-year outcomes and risk factors for conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients ≥50 years old undergoing hip arthroscopy to treat labral tears and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent hip arthroscopy to treat labral tears and FAI between February 2008 and January 2012. The inclusion criteria were ≥50 years old at surgery, arthroscopic treatment for both labral tears and FAI, and preoperative patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores for modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Nonarthritic Hip Score (NAHS), Hip Outcome Score-Sports Specific Subscale (HOS-SSS), and Visual Analog Scale (VAS)...
October 6, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Robert C Spang, Frances A Tepolt, Nikolaos K Paschos, Lauren H Redler, Eric A Davis, Mininder S Kocher
OBJECTIVES: A variety of surgical options exist to treat the challenging problem of recurrent patellar instability in children and adolescents. The goal of the current study is to describe a novel combined reconstruction technique of both the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and the medial quadriceps tendon-femoral ligament (MQTFL) and report patient outcomes of a single-surgeon series. METHODS: All patients studied underwent simultaneous MPFL and MQTFL reconstruction for patellar instability using gracilis allograft...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Gabriel S Walt, Hannah M Burris, Christopher B Brady, Keith R Spencer, Victor E Alvarez, Bertrand R Huber, Latease Guilderson, Nazifa Abdul Rauf, Derek Collins, Tarnjit Singh, Rebecca Mathias, James G Averill, Sean E Walker, Ian Robey, Ann C McKee, Neil W Kowall, Thor D Stein
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder linked to repetitive head impacts and has been associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal, degenerative neuromuscular disorder. The Department of Veterans Affairs Biorepository Brain Bank (VABBB) is a tissue repository that collects antemortem disease progression data and postmortem central nervous system tissue from veterans with ALS. We set out to determine the frequency of co-morbid ALS and CTE in the VABBB cohort and to characterize the clinical, genetic, and pathological distinctions between participants with ALS only and those with both ALS and CTE (ALS+CTE)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Dustin R Grooms, Janet E Simon, Sara L Dalton, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Participation in high school athletics carries a substantial risk of musculoskeletal injury, particularly to the knee. However, limited information is available on the care being provided by athletic trainers (ATs) for athletes with these injuries. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Data on athletic training facility (ATF) visits and AT services were collected from 147 high schools in 26 states. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: High school student-athletes who participated in 13 boys' sports and 14 girls' sports and sustained a diagnosed knee injury during the 2011-2012 through 2013-2014 academic years...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Veronica Poitras, Casey Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Mary Duggan, Ruben Barakat, Phil Chilibeck, Karen Fleming, Milena Forte, Jillian Korolnek, Taniya Nagpal, Linda Slater, Deanna Stirling, Lori Zehr
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to provide guidance for pregnant women, and obstetric care and exercise professionals, on prenatal physical activity. OUTCOMES: The outcomes evaluated were maternal, fetal, or neonatal morbidity or fetal mortality during and following pregnancy. EVIDENCE: Literature was retrieved through searches of Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL Plus with Full-text, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, ERIC, Sport Discus, ClinicalTrials...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Susan L Clemens, Douglas J Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: This study examined physical activity levels among 2,296 Queensland school children in the school, club sport, active transport and free time settings. Childhood physical activity contributes to musculoskeletal strength, psychosocial benefits and cardiovascular health. METHODS: Data were collected from parents by computer-assisted telephone interview on an annual preventive health monitoring survey conducted by the Queensland Government. RESULTS: Parents reported that children achieved the largest proportions of their physical activity in school (33%) or their free time (42%)...
October 8, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Ineke Deelen, Dick Ettema, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
BACKGROUND: To develop targeted policy strategies to increase sports participation, more insight is needed into the behavioural patterns and preferences of users of different club-organized (i.e., sports clubs) and non-club organized (i.e., gyms, health centres or swimming pools) or informal sports settings such as public spaces. This study investigates 1) how users of different settings differ regarding self-determined motivations and goals, and sociodemographic and sports-related characteristics, and 2) how the association of motivations and goals with sports participation may differ between users of different sports settings...
2018: PloS One
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