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Strength AND Training

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November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Wanderson Divino Nilo Dos Santos, Paulo Gentil, Alexandre Lima de Araújo Ribeiro, Carlos Alexandre Vieira, Wagner Rodrigues Martins
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November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Will Abbott, Gary Brickley, Nicholas J Smeeton
Abbott, W, Brickley, G, and Smeeton, NJ. Positional differences in GPS outputs and perceived exertion during soccer training games and competition. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3222-3231, 2018-Soccer training games are popular training modalities, allowing technical, tactical, and physical aspects to be trained simultaneously. Small (SSGs), medium (MSGs), and large training games (LSGs) elicit differing physical demands. To date, no research has investigated physical and perceived demands of training games on soccer playing positions relative to competitive demands...
November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Daniel M Berkelmans, Vincent J Dalbo, Jordan L Fox, Robert Stanton, Crystal O Kean, Kate E Giamarelos, Masaru Teramoto, Aaron T Scanlan
Berkelmans, DM, Dalbo, VJ, Fox, JL, Stanton, R, Kean, CO, Giamarelos, KE, Teramoto, M, and Scanlan, AT. Influence of different methods to determine maximum heart rate on training load outcomes in basketball players. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3177-3185, 2018-The summated-heart-rate-zones (SHRZ) approach uses heart rate (HR) responses relative to maximum HR (HRmax) to calculate the internal training load (TL). Age-predicted, test-derived, and session-based approaches have all been used to determine HRmax in team sports...
November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
David P Hedlund
Hedlund, DP. Performance of future elite players at the NFL scouting combine. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3112-3118, 2018-The purpose of this study is to examine players' physical and performance measures taken at the National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine and compare these with their future performance in the NFL. From 2002 to 2016, 3 types of player data (N = 5,506) were collected from secondary data sources. Results of players earned on various NFL Scouting Combine drills and measurements (e.g., height, body mass, 40-yard dash time, vertical jump, bench press repetitions, shuttle run time, and 3-cone drill time), the position players play on the field (e...
November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Emmanuel Maheu, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Ludmila Alekseeva, Ouafa Mkinsi, Jaime Branco, Pierre Monod, Frédéric Planta, Jean-Yves Reginster, François Rannou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although osteoarthritis (OA) is managed mainly in primary care, general practitioners (GPs) are not always trained in its diagnosis, which leads to diagnostic delays, unnecessary resource utilization, and suboptimal patient outcomes. METHODS: To address this situation, an International Rheumatologic Board (IRB) of 8 experts from 3 continents developed guidelines for the diagnosis of OA in primary care. The focus was three major topologies: hip, knee, and hand/finger OA...
December 11, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Diantha Soemantri, Agnes Dodds, Geoff Mccoll
Background: Despite the growing use, studies have demonstrated some limitations related to the feedback provided in the context of the increasing use of the Mini Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) in undergraduate medical education. This study examined the written feedback provided on the Mini-CEX form to determine its usefulness as a learning tool for students. Methods: 1427 Mini-CEX assessment forms of final year medical students were collected. Written feedback, both on students' strength and weakness, was categorized and correlated with the variables of clinical case complexity, assessors' clinical position and students' clinical performance rating...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Won-Bum Lee, Won-Hyuk Choi, Hyeong-Geun Lee, Na-Rae Choi, Dae-Seok Hwang, Uk-Kyu Kim
Background: After the resection at the mandibular site involving oral cancer, free vascularized fibular graft, a type of vascularized autograft, is often used for the mandibular reconstruction. Titanium mesh (T-mesh) and particulate cancellous bone and marrow (PCBM), however, a type of non-vascularized autograft, can also be used for the reconstruction. With the T-mesh applied even in the chin and angle areas, an aesthetic contour with adequate strength and stable fixation can be achieved, and the pores of the mesh will allow the rapid revascularization of the bone graft site...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Koichi Wakimoto, Toshifumi Dakeshita, Junichi Wakimoto, Toshiaki Watanabe, Saiki Terasawa, Masao Okuhara, Yuki Murata, Naoya Taki, Ryoji Uchiyama, Kazuki Ashida, Suchinda Jarupat Maruo, Koji Terasawa
Background: Research on the effectiveness of treatment for low back disorders has been made, however yet no established method has been found. Therefore, we devised a triple-treatment trunk stretching program comprising the following three trunk stretching exercises: stretching using an unstable flex chair; stretching using a stretching bench; and stretching using a stretch pad. Our three-treatment trunk stretching program is based on the principles of static muscular stabilization of the spine and uses well-known physiological strength-training principles...
December 2018: Heliyon
Isabel F Escapa, Tsute Chen, Yanmei Huang, Prasad Gajare, Floyd E Dewhirst, Katherine P Lemon
The expanded Human Oral Microbiome Database (eHOMD) is a comprehensive microbiome database for sites along the human aerodigestive tract that revealed new insights into the nostril microbiome. The eHOMD provides well-curated 16S rRNA gene reference sequences linked to available genomes and enables assignment of species-level taxonomy to most next-generation sequences derived from diverse aerodigestive tract sites, including the nasal passages, sinuses, throat, esophagus, and mouth. Using minimum entropy decomposition coupled with the RDP Classifier and our eHOMD V1-V3 training set, we reanalyzed 16S rRNA V1-V3 sequences from the nostrils of 210 Human Microbiome Project participants at the species level, revealing four key insights...
November 2018: MSystems
Sabine Deussen, Martin Alfuth
Background: Ankle sprains frequently result in persistent sensorimotor deficits. Sufficient evidence of effects of sensorimotor training using unstable devices on physical functions is lacking. There is no insight as to whether simultaneous tactile stimulation of plantar foot mechanoreceptors using textured surfaces may influence outcomes in people with a history of ankle sprain. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential effects of sensorimotor training using unstable textured surfaces on balance, strength, joint function, and plantar sensitivity in recreational athletes with a history of ankle sprain...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Christian Baumgart, Wouter Welling, Matthias W Hoppe, Jürgen Freiwald, Alli Gokeler
Background: Strength deficits, muscle imbalances, and quadriceps inhibition are common after the surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), even after the patient's returned-to-sport. Typically, asymmetries between the operated and non-operated leg as well as the hamstring/quadriceps (HQ) ratio are calculated using maximum isokinetic torque values. Moreover, the knee flexion angles, which correspond to the measured torque values, were not considered. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate the usage of an angle-specific approach for the analysis of isokinetic data in patients after an ACL-reconstruction...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Eileen M Wanke, Julia Schreiter, David A Groneberg, Burkhard Weisser
Objective: A high unilateral load to the musculoskeletal system is specific for formation dance. Due to the lack of data the aim of this study was the side-related (right - left) analysis of strength- and balance capability subject to injuries, gender and performance standards. Methods: N  = 51 dancers (m: n  = 24, f: m = 27) of two performance levels participated in this cross-sectional study. Double-sided tests of the isometric maximal strength of relevant muscle groups and the balance capability were carried out...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Federico Nemmi, Margot A Schel, Torkel Klingberg
The adult brain contains cortical areas thought to be specialized for the analysis of numbers (the putative number form area, NFA) and letters (the visual word form area, VWFA). Although functional development of the VWFA has been investigated, it is largely unknown when and how the NFA becomes specialized and connected to the rest of the brain. One hypothesis is that NFA and VWFA derive their special functions through differential connectivity, but the development of this differential connectivity has not been shown...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Gersten Jonker, Eveline Booij, W Rhodé Otte, Charissa Me Vlijm, Olle Ten Cate, Reinier G Hoff
Purpose: The transition from undergraduate to postgraduate training can be facilitated by offering electives that focus on increased patient care responsibilities. This transitional year model in the Netherlands has recently been expanded to offer packages of electives geared to specific residencies and was called "dedicated transitional year" (DTY). At University Medical Center Utrecht, an entrustable professional activity (EPA)-based multidisciplinary DTY in acute care (DTY-AC), rooted in self-determination theory (SDT), has been implemented...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Magdalena Sylwia Kamińska, Agnieszka Miller, Iwona Rotter, Aleksandra Szylińska, Elżbieta Grochans
Background: Virtual reality (VR) training using modern game consoles is an innovative rehabilitation method for fall-prone elderly people. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of VR training using the "Xbox 360 Kinect" in people over 60 years of age. Materials and methods: The study involved 23 people, including 19 women and 4 men (mean age 75.74±8.09 years). The following functional tests were employed as research instruments: the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), the tandem stance test (TST), the tandem walk test (TWT), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Yea-Ru Yang, Pei-Ling Mi, Shih-Fong Huang, Shiu-Ling Chiu, Yan-Ci Liu, Ray-Yau Wang
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been used to improve muscle strength and decrease spasticity of the ankle joint in stroke patients. However, it is unclear how NMES could influence dynamic spasticity of ankle plantarflexors and gait asymmetry during walking. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of applying NMES over ankle dorsiflexors or plantarflexors on ankle control during walking and gait performance in chronic stroke patients. Twenty-five stroke participants with inadequate ankle control were recruited and randomly assigned to an experimental or a control group...
2018: PloS One
Michal Wilk, Miroslav Petr, Michal Krzysztofik, Adam Zajac, Petr Stastny
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that among the many elements of resistance exercise protocols, training volume and total training load are the key factors for post-exercise increase in the secretion of testosterone (T), growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and cortisol (C). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of resistance exercises with variable volume and constant intensity and movement tempo on post-exercise concentrations of selected anabolic and catabolic hormones...
October 12, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Hunter Bennett, Flynn Slattery
Bennett, H and Slattery, F. Effects of blood flow restriction training on aerobic capacity and performance: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Blood flow restriction (BFR) is a novel training method that can elicit training adaptations at low training intensities. Recent research has aimed to determine the effect of aerobic exercise with BFR on aerobic fitness and performance, with conflicting results. This review aimed to systematically identify and assess studies that have combined BFR with aerobic exercise in humans, establishing its effect on aerobic fitness and performance...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Christopher G Ballmann, Marquis J McCullum, Rebecca R Rogers, Mallory M Marshall, Tyler D Williams
Ballmann, CG, McCullum, MJ, Rogers, RR, Marshall, MM , and Williams, TD. Effects of preferred vs. nonpreferred music on resistance exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of listening to preferred vs. nonpreferred music on resistance exercise performance. Twelve resistance-trained college-aged males (age = 20.5 ± 1.24 years, height = 183.9 ± 6.8 cm, and body mass = 97.0 ± 18.2 kg) were recruited for this study. In a within-groups counterbalanced study design, participants either listened to preferred or nonpreferred music during a bench press exercise test...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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