Read by QxMD icon Read

Estradiol, insulin, uterus

A Al Naib, H L M Tucker, G Xie, D H Keisler, F F Bartol, R P Rhoads, R M Akers, M L Rhoads
Prepubertal exposure of the developing ovaries and reproductive tract (RT) to estrogen or xenoestrogens can have acute and long-term consequences that compromise the reproductive performance of cattle. This research examined effects of the selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen (TAM) on gene and protein abundance in prepubertal ovaries and RT, with a particular focus on signaling pathways that affect morphology. Tamoxifen was administered to Holstein heifer calves (n=8) daily (0.3mg/kg subcutaneously) from 28 to 120 d of age, when tissues were collected...
July 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Jun Ho Kim, Jin Hyup Lee, Young Jun Kim
Bazedoxifene (BZA) is a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator that exhibits estrogen agonist activity in the bone but estrogen antagonist activity in the breast and uterus. We recently demonstrated that BZA mimics estrogenic actions in reversing metabolic abnormalities while protecting the endometrium from estrogen stimulation in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. However, it is unknown whether BZA, alone or paired with estrogens, can protect pancreatic β-cell function or survival. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effects of estrogens [17β-estradiol or conjugated estrogens (CE)], BZA and their combinations against β-cell failure...
November 6, 2015: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yong Zhuo, Dongsheng Zhou, Lianqiang Che, Zhengfeng Fang, Yan Lin, De Wu
OBJECTIVE: The onset of puberty in females has been occurring earlier over the past decades, presumably as a result of improved nutrition in developed countries. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms responsible for the early attainment of puberty as a result of nutrition fortification remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hormone and gene expression changes in prepubescent gilts fed a high-fat diet to investigate whether these changes could predict the early timing of puberty...
July 2014: Nutrition
Mi-Kyoung You, Jin Rhuy, Kyu Shik Jeong, Mi-Ae Bang, Myung-Seok Kim, Hyeon-A Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the potential of St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) to prevent obesity and abnormalities in lipid metabolism induced by ovariectomy in a rat model without stimulatory activity on uterus. MATERIALS/METHODS: Ovariectomized (OVX) rats were treated for 6 weeks with 70% ethanol extracts of Hypericum perforatum [HPEs: whole plant (WHPE) and flower and leaves (FLHPE)], β-estradiol-3-benzoate at a dose of 50 µg/kg/day (E2) or vehicle (distilled water)...
June 2014: Nutrition Research and Practice
Jose Barrera, Ken L Chambliss, Mohamed Ahmed, Keiji Tanigaki, Bonne Thompson, Jeffrey G McDonald, Chieko Mineo, Philip W Shaul
Despite the capacity of estrogens to favorably regulate body composition and glucose homeostasis, their use to combat obesity and type 2 diabetes is not feasible, because they promote sex steroid-responsive cancers. The novel selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) bazedoxifene acetate (BZA) uniquely antagonizes both breast cancer development and estrogen-related changes in the female reproductive tract. How BZA administered with conjugated estrogen (CE) or alone impacts metabolism is unknown. The effects of BZA or CE + BZA on body composition and glucose homeostasis were determined in ovariectomized female mice fed a Western diet for 10-12 wk...
August 1, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Dongsheng Zhou, Yong Zhuo, Lianqiang Che, Yan Lin, Zhengfeng Fang, De Wu
People on a diet to lose weight may be at risk of reproductive failure. To investigate the effects of nutrient restriction on reproductive function and the underlying mechanism, changes of reproductive traits, hormone secretions and gene expressions in hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis were examined in postpubertal gilts at anestrus induced by nutrient restriction. Gilts having experienced two estrus cycles were fed a normal (CON, 2.86 kg/d) or nutrient restricted (NR, 1 kg/d) food regimens to expect anestrus...
July 2014: Molecular Biology Reports
Yasuhiro Kawarabayashi, Lin Hai, Akira Honda, Shinji Horiuchi, Hiroshi Tsujioka, Jun Ichikawa, Ryuji Inoue
Decidualization is an ovarian steroid-induced remodeling/differentiation process of uterus essential for embryo implantation and placentation. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of enhanced Ca²⁺ dynamics in the decidualization process in human endometrial stromal cells (hESC) in its connection with a recently emerging nonvoltage-gated Ca²⁺ entry channel superfamily, the transient receptor potential (TRP) protein. Combined application of 17β-estradiol (E₂) (10 nM) and progesterone (P₄) (1 μM) for 7-14 d resulted in morphological changes of hESC characteristic of decidualization (i...
May 2012: Molecular Endocrinology
Michael P Goodman
BACKGROUND: To compare oral and transdermal delivery systems in domains of lipid effects; cardiovascular, inflammatory, and thrombotic effects; effect on insulin-like growth factor, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome; sexual effects; metabolic effects including weight; and effects on target organs bone, breast, and uterus. METHODS: Review of the literature 1990-2010. Studies selected on basis of applicability, quality of data, and relationship to topic. RESULTS: Data applicable to the comparisons of oral versus transdermal delivery systems for postmenopausal estrogen therapy were utilized to perform a review and formulate conclusions...
February 2012: Journal of Women's Health
Ba Tiep Nguyen, Georgios Kararigas, Wolfgang Wuttke, Hubertus Jarry
Epidemiological data reveal that the overall risk for heart disease is lower for premenopausal women compared to age-matched men. However, the beneficial effect for the female sex is lost upon menopause. Thus, it has been suggested that estrogens convey the protective effect for the female sex against heart disease. Numerous natural plant products, i.e., phytoestrogens (PE), interfere with or alter the development or function of the endocrine system. Although PEs have been studied intensively with regard to the effects on the reproductive organs, such as the uterus or mammary gland, surprisingly little data are available about the effects of PEs on the heart...
January 2012: Planta Medica
R N Joshi, F F Safadi, M F Barbe, Fe Del Carpio-Cano, S N Popoff, V R Yingling
Hypothalamic amenorrhea and energy restriction during puberty affect peak bone mass accrual. One hypothesis suggests energy restriction alters hypothalamic function resulting in suppressed estradiol levels leading to bone loss. However, both positive and negative results have been reported regarding energy restriction and bone strength. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate energy restriction and hypothalamic suppression during pubertal onset on bone mechanical strength and the osteogenic capacity of bone marrow-derived cells in two models: female rats treated with gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonists (GnRH-a) or 30% energy restriction...
October 2011: Bone
Dawei Zhou, Shiwen Li, Xinghuan Wang, Bei Cheng, Xiegang Ding
Estradiol (E₂) and its receptor estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) are implicated in the pathology of stromal-predominant benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF1) is produced primarily by stromal cells in the prostate. Recent study showed that E₂-mediated regulation of IGF1 in mouse uterus requires the DNA binding ability of ERα. However, the crosstalk between ERα and IGF1 in the prostate has not been addressed yet. Therefore, in this study we employed mouse prostatic smooth muscle cells (PSMCs) as a model to demonstrate that E₂ stimulated the proliferation of PSMCs and up-regulated the expression of IGF1 and its receptor IGF1R as well as cyclin D1 in PSMCs, all of which could be inhibited by shRNA-mediated knockdown of ERα...
March 2011: Cell Biochemistry and Function
S Hild-Petito, K M Donnelly, J B Miller, H G Verhage, A T Fazleabas
In order to test the hypothesis that the baboon conceptus/placenta regulates the synthesis of specific proteins in the endometrium, we developed a simulated-pregnant baboon model. Baboons (n=2-6/group) were treated with increasing amounts of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for 10 or 12 days beginning on day 6 or 7 PO. Uterine tissues were obtained at day 18 PO following 12 days of hCG treatment. Animals in the day 25 and 32 PO group were treated for 10 days with hCG. Following the hCG treatment, estradiol (E) and progesterone (P) implants were inserted subcutaneously...
September 1995: Endocrine
Rosa Sherafat-Kazemzadeh, Jennifer K Schroeder, Cherie A Kessler, Stuart Handwerger
CONTEXT: Parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) is abundantly expressed by human endometrial stromal cells during decidualization. However, the role for PTHLH in the decidualization process is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of PTHLH on the induction and maintenance of decidualization of human uterine fibroblast (HUF) cells in vitro. DESIGN: HUF cells were treated with a PTHLH siRNA or a PTHLH receptor antagonist (bPTH(7-34)) before or after decidualization with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), estradiol (E(2)), and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))...
February 2011: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Michael P Walker, Richard P Diaugustine, Ernest Zeringue, Maureen K Bunger, Martina Schmitt, Trevor K Archer, R Gregg Richards
Estrogens are potent mitogens for some target organs, such as the uterus, and cancers that develop in this organ might be linked to the proliferative action of these hormones. However, the mechanism by which estrogens influence the cell cycle machinery is not known. We found that a null mutation for the insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, a docking protein that is important for IGF1 signaling, compromised hormone-induced mitosis in the uterine epithelium; BrdU incorporation was not affected. This selective effect on mitosis was associated with a reduction in uterine cyclin B-associated kinase activity; cyclin A-associated kinase activity was not changed...
November 2010: Journal of Endocrinology
Hiromi Shibuya, Keiji Sakai, Maryam Kabir-Salmani, Yuichi Wachi, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), the main secretory protein of decidua that binds to IGFs and has been shown to inhibit or stimulate IGFs' bioactivities. Polymerization, one of the posttranslational modifications of IGFBP-1, has been shown to lead to loss of inhibiting effect of IGFBP-1 on IGF-I actions. The current studies were undertaken to elucidate the effects of steroid hormones on IGFBP-1 polymerization in trophoblast cell cultures. Placental tissues were obtained during legal, elective procedures of termination of pregnancy performed between 7 and 10 weeks of gestation, and primary trophoblast cells were separated...
February 2011: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Ju-Young Kim, Kyung-Jin Jo, Ok-Soon Kim, Byung-Joon Kim, Dong-Wook Kang, Ki-Ho Lee, Haing-Woon Baik, Min Soo Han, Seong-Kyu Lee
AIMS: long-term ovariectomy-induced metabolic changes such as insulin resistance and glucose intolerance might be caused directly by estrogen deficiency and may occur partly as secondary effects of obesity arising due to the orexigenic effects of estrogen deficiency. Long-term estrogen treatment prevented those by exerting anorexigenic and metabolic actions in ovariectomized mice. However, the effect of short-term estrogen treatment on glucose metabolism in mice with short-term ovariectomy, during which ovariectomy-induced obesity does not develop, is not yet clear...
September 11, 2010: Life Sciences
Katsuhiro Okuda, Masufumi Takiguchi, Shin'ichi Yoshihara
4-Methyl-2,4-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)pent-1-ene (MBP), an active metabolite of bisphenol A (BPA), has more potent estrogenic activity than BPA in vitro, but its activity in vivo is not established. Here, we examined in vivo estrogenic activity of MBP by means of uterotrophic assay in ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. MBP exhibited dose-dependent estrogenic activity, as evaluated in terms of effects on uterus weight, uterine luminal epithelial cell height and myometrium thickness. The highest concentration of MBP (10 mg/kg/day) completely reversed the changes caused by OVX, and its activity was equivalent to that of 5 microg/kg/day 17beta-estradiol (E2)...
August 1, 2010: Toxicology Letters
Sylvia C Hewitt, Yin Li, Leping Li, Kenneth S Korach
Estrogen enables uterine proliferation, which depends on synthesis of the IGF1 growth factor. This proliferation and IGF1 synthesis requires the estrogen receptor (ER), which binds directly to target DNA sequences (estrogen-responsive elements or EREs), or interacts with other transcription factors, such as AP1, to impact transcription. We observe neither uterine growth nor an increase in Igf1 transcript in a mouse with a DNA-binding mutated ER alpha (KIKO), indicating that both Igf1 regulation and uterine proliferation require the DNA binding function of the ER...
January 22, 2010: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Anja Papke, Georg Kretzschmar, Oliver Zierau, Marietta Kaszkin-Bettag, Günter Vollmer
A recent clinical study with a two-year application of the extract ERr 731 from Rheum rhaponticum demonstrated its efficacy and potentially suggested it safety regarding unwanted endometrial side effects. The aim of the present study is to provide experimental proof for the latter observation in a preclinical experimental animal model by assessing dose-dependent effects of ERr 731 - either alone or in combination with estradiol (E2) - on growth and proliferation in the uterus of ovariectomized (ovx) rats. ERr 731 was given in a dose corresponding to human therapeutic application and additionally in three pharmacologically relevant doses...
November 2009: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Jianmin Chen, Jasdeep K Saggar, Paul Corey, Lilian U Thompson
Previous studies have shown that dietary flaxseed (FS) can reduce the growth of established human breast tumors in athymic mice with low circulating estrogen concentrations. In this study, we determined the effect of FS compared with pure lignan at the level it is present in FS [secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG)] and to the lignan-rich fraction [FS hull (FH)] on human breast tumor growth and their potential mechanisms of action. Ovariectomized, athymic mice, each with an implanted 17 beta-estradiol (E2) pellet (0...
November 2009: Journal of Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"