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School-based physical therapy

M Ortiz, M Teut, E Ben-Arye, A Reshef, M Kaffman, Z Arnon, B Stöckigt, V Bähr, L Meoded-Danon, B Brinkhaus, E Schiff
INTRODUCTION: Communication is an essential component of patient care, and although medical schools provide training on this topic, patients and physicians alike express the need to improve their communication skills. An international medical student collaboration explored whether complementary medicine (CM) has the ability to further enhance patient-doctor communication. METHODS: Twenty-two medical students, nine mentors and two public representatives from Israel and Germany participated in this 18-month international group project...
December 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Bayar Mohammed Omar Abdulla
OBJECTIVES: Children with cancer undergoing chemotherapy experience many adverse effects. The effectiveness of painting- and handcrafting-based art therapy on the various dimensions of health-related quality of life in paediatric outpatients previously diagnosed with heterogeneity of malignancy was evaluated in the present study. DESIGN: In an experimental randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 children aged 7-13 years previously diagnosed with malignancy together with their parents were assigned randomly either to an experimental (30 patients) or a control group (30 patients) in 2017 in Iraq...
December 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Guang Zhang, Yuecheng Yang, Runhua Ye, Dapeng Zhang, Duo Shan, Yifei Hu, Bing Dai, Zhongfu Liu
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is effective in treatment of opiate dependents. However, there is a gap between the coverage of standard MMT clinics and the need of opiate dependents. Establishment of extension clinics of methadone maintenance therapy (EMMT) will increase the coverage and improve MMT accessibility. We implemented a prospective cohort study to understand the effects of establishment of community-based EMMT clinics comparing with MMT clinics in Yunnan Province.A total of 462 opiate-dependent clients were interviewed from the community-based EMMT clinics and standard MMT clinics located in 5 counties of Mangshi, Ruili, Longchuan, Yingjiang, and Lianghe in Yunnan Province...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mary Lundy, Ayshka Rodriguez, Juan Aceros
The School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida developed a novel, community-based course where undergraduate engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. In this course students participate in hands-on, team-based design projects focused on low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities. The impact of this interprofessional education experience on the students has been evaluated using the Public Service Motivation Scale for three years and its impact on the students is presented...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Hanna Vuorimaa, Leena Leppänen, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Mikkelsson, Maiju Hietanen, Heli Vilen, Heini Pohjankoski
Background and aims A targeted pain program may prevent the progression and subsequent occurrence of chronic pain in adolescents. This study tested the effectiveness of a new acceptance and commitment therapy -based pain management intervention, using physical and psychological functions as the outcomes. The objective was also to determine whether Pediatric Pain Screening Tool risk profiles function as outcome moderator in the current sample. A valid screening tool would enable the program development. Methods Thirty-two consecutive adolescent patients (13-17 years old) with idiopathic recurrent musculoskeletal pain completed the study...
November 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Lynn M Jeffries, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Susan K Effgen, Lisa A Chiarello, Alejandro G Villasante Tezanos
Background: Students with disabilities receive school-based physical therapy services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. A paucity of research exists regarding therapy services in schools. Objective: This study explored the school-based service that students received and what activities and interventions physical therapists implemented and determined if services differed based on the student's functional gross motor ability and age...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
Markus Blankenburg, Michael Schroth, Sarah Braun
Primary headache disorders such as migraine and tension-type headache begin as early as childhood or adolescence. Prevalence increases during primary school and adolescence. In tension-type headache, central pain sensitization and activation of central nociceptive neurons plays an important role. Migraine is a primary brain disorder with abnormalities in pain modulating systems and cortical stimulus processing. Bio-psycho-social factors play a decisive role in both types of headache. Secondary headaches due to an inflammatory or a structural brain alteration are rare...
October 15, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
Jeyanthi S, Narkeesh Arumugam, Raju K Parasher
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are educated in classrooms along with typically developing children. Those with ADHD, however, find it difficult to participate in routine educational and recreational activities as they encounter problems associated with behaviour, attention, motor skills and physical endurance. Traditionally, the management of children with ADHD has focussed primarily on problems with cognition and has been heavily dependent on pharmaceutical interventions and, to a lesser extent, on non-pharmaceutical measures...
September 27, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Lindsey Strieter, Deepika R Laddu, Jenna Sainsbury, Ross Arena
Over the last 15 years, the number of school and community based health-intervention programs in the United States has grown. Many of these programs aim to prevent non-communicable chronic disease diagnoses (e.g., obesity, cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes). The Department of Physical Therapy in the College of Applied Health Sciences (CAHS) at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) created a school-based wellness program (SBWP) that focuses on nutrition and physical activity, providing tailored experiences that motivate adolescents to make healthier lifestyle choices...
September 17, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Pilar Carrera, Dolores Muñoz, Itziar Fernández, Amparo Caballero
Many health-risk behaviors present a self-control conflict in which the short-term outcomes of an action conflict with its long-term consequences. Across three studies, we find that an abstract construal level leads people to focus on long-term rather than short-term consequences when both are described in a message (vs. no message). Studies 1 and 2 explore this hypothesis through a risk behavior (snacking on sugary products), and Study 3 does the same through a health behavior (physical exercise). In Study 1, the Behavioral Identification Form scale is used to measure the construal level as a personal disposition; Studies 2 and 3 use a priming task designed by Freitas, Gollwitzer, and Trope to manipulate the construal level...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, Sara Cortés-Amador, Gemma Victoria Espí-López
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a pathological process that compromises the functionality and quality of life worldwide. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of classical physiotherapy in the management of non-specific chronic low back pain. METHODS: A literature search in English electronic databases was performed from November to December of 2015. Only those studies addressing chronic non-specific low back pain by manual therapy and different types of exercises methods were included, and those, which combined acute or subacute pain with systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines, were excluded...
2018: Physical Therapy Research
Tadele Amare, Solomon Meseret Woldeyhannes, Kelemua Haile, Tebikew Yeneabat
Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and is common among adolescents worldwide. The true extent of the problem in Ethiopia is difficult to ascertain as suicides and suicidal behavior are significantly underreported and understudied. Objective: We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation and suicide attempt among adolescent high school students in Dangila Town, Ethiopia. Methods: This school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2015 in Dangila Town...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Akira Kubo, Yukari Horimoto, Heonsoo Han, Kaori Sadakiyo
[Purpose] This study examines the relationship between the results of computer-based testing (CBT) and level of satisfaction with learning, school life, graduation research, and national examination results among freshman and sophomore undergraduate physical therapy students. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this survey were 56 male and 42 female physical therapy students who graduated from the International University of Health and Welfare, Ohtawara, in March 2017. The students were ranked according to four 25th-percentile groups based on the results of CBT, which was conducted at the end of freshman and sophomore years...
June 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Heather Burrell Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
Psychiatric disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 15-29% of pregnant women. Untreated depression has negative health consequences for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective option for the treatment of severe depression, high suicide risk, catatonia, medication-resistant illness, psychotic agitation, severe physical decline, and other life-threatening conditions. To our knowledge, however, there is no literature that consolidates all the evidence on maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated depression, medications, and ECT then translating it into one cohesive protocol that could serve as a management guide and a source of reassurance to health-care providers involved in such practice...
December 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Eun-Young Park, Eun-Joo Kim
[Purpose] This study investigated the frequency effect of physical and occupational therapy on activities of daily living performance in children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 162 children with cerebral palsy who attended a convalescent or rehabilitation center for disabled individuals or a special school for physical disabilities in South Korea participated in this study. The Pediatric Evaluation Disability Inventory was used to collect data on activities of daily living performance according to physical therapy frequency based on neurodevelopmental therapy for 1 year...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Yuval Bloch
This editorial relates to the study published in the current issue on how our current knowledge is practiced in screening, diagnosing and treating children suffering from ADHD in Israel. It seems that there is an awareness of the disorder by parents and teachers, thus there is no need for community screening. The roles of the different medical professions: pediatricians (after receiving training on ADHD), child neurologists and child psychiatrists are not clear enough and thus services are not utilized properly...
April 2018: Harefuah
Sarah Westcott Mccoy, Susan K Effgen, Lisa A Chiarello, Lynn M Jeffries, Alejandro G Villasante Tezanos
AIM: We explored relationships of school-based physical therapy to standardized outcomes of students receiving physical therapy. METHOD: Using a practice-based evidence research design, School Function Assessment (SFA) outcomes of 296 students with disabilities (mean age 7y 4mo [standard deviation 2y]; 166 males, 130 females), served by 109 physical therapists, were explored. After training, therapists completed 10 SFA scales on students at the beginning and end of the school year...
November 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
According to Professor Basil T. Darras, Professor of Neurology (Pediatrics) at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Program at Boston Children's Hospital in Boston (MA, USA), the diagnosis of SMA type I is clinical and is based on detailed general physical and neurological examinations. SMA type I remains the most common genetic disease resulting in death in infancy and is really devastating for the child, the parents, as well as the medical professionals with the privilege of caring for patients with SMA and their parents...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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