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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169067/the-role-of-personal-resilience-and-personality-traits-of-healthcare-students-on-their-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-collaboration
#1
Michal Avrech Bar, Michal Katz Leurer, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce...
February 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118784/montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-a-63-to-65-year-old-norwegian-cohort-from-the-general-population-data-from-the-akershus-cardiac-examination-1950-study
#2
Håkon Ihle-Hansen, Thea Vigen, Trygve Berge, Gunnar Einvik, Dag Aarsland, Ole Morten Rønning, Bente Thommessen, Helge Røsjø, Arnljot Tveit, Hege Ihle-Hansen
Aims: To investigate Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test scores in a cohort aged 63-65 years from a general population in relation to the proposed cut-off score of 26 for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to explore the impact of education. Methods: MoCA scores were assessed in the Akershus Cardiac Examination 1950 Study, a cross-sectional cohort study of all men and women born in 1950 living in Akershus County, Norway. The participants were aged 63-65 at the time of data collection...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104292/health-inequalities-in-global-context
#3
Jason Beckfield, Sigrun Olafsdottir
The existence of social inequalities in health is well established. One strand of research focuses on inequalities in health within a single country. A separate and newer strand of research focuses on the relationship between inequality and average population health across countries. Despite the theorization of (presumably variable) social conditions as "fundamental causes" of disease and health, the cross-national literature has focused on average, aggregate population health as the central outcome...
2013: American Behavioral Scientist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083969/personalized-care-and-the-role-of-insulin-as-a-vehicle-to-optimizing-treatments-in-diabetes-care
#4
Nella Bieszk, Michael Grabner, Wenhui Wei, John Barron, Ralph Quimbo, Tingjian Yan, Beth Biel, James W Chu
BACKGROUND: In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with poor glycemic control, there is an unmet need for treatment optimization involving the initiation and/or intensification of insulin therapy, which is often delayed because of clinical inertia. Educational initiatives that target patients and physicians might be one way to address this need. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of educational materials mailed to physicians and their patients in affecting initiation of insulin therapy and other health care outcomes...
November 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054184/under-utilization-of-pacemaker-therapy-for-sinus-node-dysfunction-real-world-data-from-south-asia
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
C Narasimhan, J Sanyal, R Sethi, Y Kothari, F T N Malik, U Pandurangi, N Khan, S Sahu, J Lande, H Sachanandani, A Naik
OBJECTIVE: Chronic symptomatic sinus node dysfunction (SND), the most common bradyarrhythmia, can be effectively managed by permanent cardiac pacing. Yet the care pathway and barriers to adoption of pacing therapy are not well understood - particularly in low volume implanting countries. The IMPROVE Brady study is a quality improvement initiative being conducted at centers in South Asia, Latin America, and Russia. We assessed the rates of SND diagnosis and pacemaker treatment for SND in the South Asia cohort...
September 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020099/experiences-of-cervical-cancer-patients-in-rural-ghana-an-exploratory-study
#6
Charity Binka, David Teye Doku, Kofi Awusabo-Asare
Even though cervical cancer is quite a prevalent disease in Ghana, there is hardly any study on this disease. This paper sought to explore the experiences of cervical cancer patients living with the disease with emphasis on their knowledge about the disease before and after the diagnosis. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with cervical cancer patients undergoing treatment in a specialised cancer treatment health facility in rural Ghana. Cervical cancer patients had inadequate knowledge about the disease, its symptoms, risk factors, treatment and prevention prior to being diagnosed of the disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895775/the-prevalence-of-corneal-opacity-in-rural-areas-in-iran-a-population-based-study
#7
Hassan Hashemi, Reza Pakzad, Abbasali Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of corneal opacity in rural areas in Iran: a population-based study Methods: This was a cross-sectional population-based study using multi-stage cluster sampling from rural-dwellers of villages in the north and southwest of Iran. All participants underwent vision testing including measurement of visual acuity and refraction followed by slit lamp examination by an ophthalmologist through which the presence of corneal opacity was determined. RESULTS: The participants were 3314 people (response rate = 86...
February 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866954/are-patients-comprehending-a-critical-assessment-of-online-patient-educational-materials
#8
Thanh-Lan Bui, Catalina Silva-Hirschberg, Josefina Torres, April W Armstrong
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the readability, understandability, suitability and actionability of online psoriasis patient educational materials. A secondary aim was to identify areas for improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an evaluation study to assess online psoriasis patient educational materials from the American Academy of Dermatology and National Psoriasis Foundation available in July 2017. We used two validated assessment tools specific to online healthcare materials...
May 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832210/quickdash-score-is-associated-with-treatment-choice-in-patients-with-trapeziometacarpal-arthrosis
#9
Suzanne C Wilkens, Mariano E Menendez, David Ring, Neal Chen
BACKGROUND: Trapeziometacarpal (TMC) arthrosis has a variety of treatment options, including nonoperative (eg, education, splint, injection) and operative management. Symptoms and limitations vary greatly among patients. The purpose of this study was to determine an association of symptoms and limitations, quantified using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) score, with treatment choice in patients newly diagnosed with TMC arthrosis. We also addressed the association of the QuickDASH score with radiographic severity and sought factors associated with higher QuickDASH scores...
September 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827677/exposure-to-violence-accelerates-epigenetic-aging-in-children
#10
Tanja Jovanovic, L Alexander Vance, Dorthie Cross, Anna K Knight, Varun Kilaru, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Torsten Klengel, Alicia K Smith
Epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation, change reliably with age across the lifespan, such that DNA methylation can be used as an "epigenetic clock". This epigenetic clock can be used to predict age and age acceleration, which occurs when methylation-based prediction of age exceeds chronological age and has been associated with increased mortality. In the current study we examined epigenetic age acceleration using saliva samples collected from children between ages 6-13 (N = 101). Children's exposure to neighborhood violence and heart rate during a stressful task were assessed...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826863/improvement-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hemifacial-spasm-after-microvascular-decompression-a-prospective-study
#11
Jian Cheng, Ding Lei, Xuhui Hui, Heng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Although not life threatening, hemifacial spasm (HFS) can be disabling and significantly affect quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to assess the major factors affecting the QOL and further to investigate the impact of microvascular decompression (MVD) on QOL in patients with HFS. METHODS: Patients with HFS who underwent MVD in our department between 2013 and 2014 were included in this study. The validated, disease-specific questionnaire (HFS-30) was used to evaluate the QOL in patients with HFS before surgery and 1 year after MVD...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816712/nurses-knowledge-and-teaching-of-possible-postpartum-complications
#12
Patricia D Suplee, Debra Bingham, Lisa Kleppel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess postpartum nurses' knowledge of maternal morbidity and mortality, and information they shared with women before discharge about identifying potential warning signs of postpartum complications. STUDY DESIGN & METHODS: Registered nurses (RNs) who care for women during postpartum (N = 372) completed an electronic survey. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Fifty-four percent of nurse participants were aware of the rising rates of maternal mortality in the United States and 12% accurately reported the correct percentage of deaths that occurred during the postpartum period...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790252/-achievement-and-future-direction-of-the-peace-project-a-national-education-project-for-palliative-care-education
#13
REVIEW
Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Ryo Yamamoto
Although palliative care is assuming an increasingly important role in patient care, most physicians did not learn to provide palliative care during their medical training. To address these serious deficiencies in physician training in palliative care, government decided to provide basic palliative education program for all practicing cancer doctors as a national policy namely Palliative care Emphasis program on symptom management and Assessment for Continuous medical Education(PEACE). The program was 2-days workshop based on adult learning theory and focusing on symptom management and communication...
July 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786811/nurturing-a-society-of-learners-suggestions-from-traditional-jewish-pedagogy-for-medical-education
#14
REVIEW
Jacob Urkin, Edward Fram, Allen Jotkowitz, Sody Naimer
Historically speaking, in many societies a select few carried the burden of preserving and transferring knowledge. While modern society has broadened the scope of education, this is not enough in the medical sciences. We must ensure that all those who pursue a career in medicine become life-long learners who will grow and contribute well beyond their years in medical school. In considering how to attain this goal, we were intrigued by the similarities between generations-old wisdom of teaching and learning methods in Jewish culture and modern educational principles...
July 1, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703085/contribution-of-ultra-processed-foods-in-the-diet-of-adults-from-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#15
Chantal Julia, Lucien Martinez, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVE: Concerns have been raised about the potential health impact of ultra-processed foods (UPF) in the diet. Our objective was to investigate the contribution of UPF in the diet in a large French population and its association with sociodemographic factors and dietary patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of dietary data from 74 470 participants in the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort. UPF were identified in repeated 24 h records and the proportion (in weight) of UPF in the total diet (UPFp) was computed for each participant...
January 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697901/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-zika-virus-among-medical-students-in-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#16
Nahla K Ibrahim, Rana H Moshref, Leena H Moshref, Jawaher B Walid, Hadeel S Alsati
Zika Virus (ZIKV) and its associated consequences remain vital public health challenge of international concerns. The current study was done to assess knowledge and attitudes towards ZIKV and the factors associated with good knowledge among medical students in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 426 students. They were selected through multistage stratified random sample method, 2016. A validated, confidential, interviewing questionnaire contained 25 knowledge and 10 attitude items was used...
January 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602472/neglect-educational-success-and-young-people-in-out-of-home-care-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses
#17
Nicholas G Tessier, Aoife O'Higgins, Robert J Flynn
Maltreated young persons in out-of-home care often have poor educational outcomes, heightening their risk of long-term psychosocial disadvantage (Forsman, Brännström, Vinnerljung, & Hjern, 2016). In their systematic reviews, Romano, Babchishin, Marquis, and Fréchette (2014) and O'Higgins, Sebba, and Gardner (in press) found evidence that neglect was more often linked with low academic achievement, whereas abuse was more likely to be associated with behavioral difficulties. In large samples of young persons in out-of-home care in Ontario, Canada, who had experienced mainly neglect, we investigated risk and protective factors as predictors of educational success...
January 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582827/differences-in-health-related-behaviors-between-middle-school-high-school-and-college-students-in-jiangsu-province-china
#18
Weina Liu, Mike Z He, Yunle Wang, Yan Wang, Yonglin Zhou, Ming Wu, Zhen Tang, Yue Dai, Baojun Yuan, Shiqi Zhen, Lawrence J Cheskin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increasing rates of obesity among Chinese adolescents has become a major public health concern in recent years. Studies have shown that factors such as food choices, physical activity, and screen time play important roles in fostering obesity. We examined a number of biological and social determinants that influence these factors. To determine whether dietary behavior, physical activity, and screen time varied among students in different stages of their education...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540080/misalignment-of-career-and-educational-aspirations-in-middle-school-differences-across-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#19
Brea L Perry, Elizabeth Martinez, Edward Morris, Tanja C Link, Carl Leukefeld
Misalignment of educational and career goals (i.e., educational aspirations expressed are inadequate for attaining one's desired occupation) is associated with lower educational attainment and a lack of college readiness, and may contribute to persistent educational and employment disparities. Drawing on data from 249 sixth graders in low-income schools, this research examines misalignment between educational and career aspirations across racial and ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Findings indicate that students in low-income schools aspire to middle and upper middle class careers, but sometimes lack an understanding of the educational degrees required to achieve their goals...
September 2016: Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506379/pharmacist-initiated-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-in-a-community-pharmacy-to-increase-awareness-and-link-to-care-at-the-medical-center
#20
Nadine Y Isho, Marlowe Djuric Kachlic, Jennifer Chan Marcelo, Michelle T Martin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design and implementation of a pharmacist-led hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and education program in a community pharmacy with a protocol for linkage to care at the affiliated hepatology clinic for patients born between 1945 and 1965. SETTING: Outpatient pharmacy affiliated with the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The community pharmacist resident conducted the HCV screening at the health system-based community pharmacy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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