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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492406/effect-of-opiate-receptors-blockade-on-microbicidal-potential-and-production-of-il-1%C3%AE-tnf%C3%AE-and-il-10-by-peritoneal-macrophages-under-stress-conditions
#1
S V Gein, I L Sharavieva
Rotation stress activated spontaneous and zymosan-induced ROS production. In animals receiving naloxone against the background of rotation stress, ROS production did not increase. Immobilization stress did not change the intensity of spontaneous and zymosan-induced ROS production, but inhibited stimulated ROS production against the background of naloxone treatment. Rotation produced a naloxone-independent inhibitory effect on spontaneous and stimulated IL-1β and TNFα production by macrophages and naloxone-dependent stimulating effect on spontaneous IL-10 production...
July 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26000678/reducing-opioid-analgesic-deaths-in-america-what-health-providers-can-do
#2
REVIEW
Taghogho Agarin, Andrea M Trescot, Aniefiok Agarin, Doreena Lesanics, Claricio Decastro
BACKGROUND: Available data have shown steady increases of drug overdose deaths between 1992 and 2011. We review evidenced-based recommendations provided by a few prominent North American pain societies and suggest ways on how health providers might help reduce opioid analgesic deaths by implementing these practices. OBJECTIVE: To identify health care providers' roles in reducing opioid analgesic deaths. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive review of current literature...
May 2015: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25157947/a-preclinical-physiological-assay-to-test-modulation-of-knee-joint-pain-in-the-spinal-cord-effects-of-oxycodone-and-naproxen
#3
Jason A Miranda, Phil Stanley, Katrina Gore, Jamie Turner, Rebecca Dias, Huw Rees
Sensory processing in the spinal cord during disease states can reveal mechanisms for novel treatments, yet very little is known about pain processing at this level in the most commonly used animal models of articular pain. Here we report a test of the prediction that two clinically effective compounds, naproxen (an NSAID) and oxycodone (an opiate), are efficacious in reducing the response of spinal dorsal horn neurons to noxious knee joint rotation in the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) sensitized rat. The overall objective for these experiments was to develop a high quality in vivo electrophysiology assay to confidently test novel compounds for efficacy against pain...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24712144/-difficulty-in-home-care-management-of-a-young-patient-with-terminal-stage-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Akiko Inoue, Akira Onose, Hiroka Onishi, Hisayo Isono, Matakichi Miyamoto, Hiroshi Nagata, Terue Sakakibara
A 48-year-old man with no remarkable medical history presented with upper abdominal pain for approximately 1 month. He was diagnosed as having pancreatic carcinoma with liver and lung metastasis and complicating carcinomatous peritonitis. Despite chemotherapy, his performance status worsened, his appetite deteriorated, and his pain became intolerable. The patient opted to return home for palliative care, and his parents, aged over 70 years, supported this decision. Although corticosteroid and opiate administration was attempted to improve appetite loss and pain, oral administration became difficult over a short span of time...
December 2013: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24659294/effect-of-rotation-and-immobilization-stress-on-il-1%C3%AE-il-2-il-4-and-ifn-%C3%AE-production-by-splenocytes-under-opiate-receptor-blockade-in-vivo
#5
S V Gein, I L Sharavieva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24644847/opioid-conversion-chart-introduction-of-a-user-friendly-version
#6
Mariam George, Clare Wilkins, Idaliza Garner, Barbara Powell
BACKGROUND: Opioid dose conversion is an integral part of palliative care services. Though several such conversion charts exist, they generally lack simplicity and uniformity in their ease of use across the spectrum of palliative care professionals. AIM: To develop a simple, easily understandable and user-friendly opiate conversion chart. METHOD: Using a common conversion chart template, we modified diagrammatic representations to include simple, clear-cut formulae...
March 2014: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23643657/when-restless-legs-syndrome-turns-malignant
#7
Eva C Schulte, Nadine Gross, Helen Slawik, Juliane Winkelmann
Usually symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS) respond well to treatment with dopaminergic drugs, opiates, or anticonvulsant medications. Yet sometimes symptoms can be severe and become refractory, even to high-dose combination therapy. Here we present two cases of familial RLS with rigorous and unusual motor and sensory symptoms in the form of episodes of myoclonic hyperkinesias and painful sensations in addition to more characteristic features of RLS. Stepwise reduction of all RLS-and antidepressant medication down to opiate monotherapy-and subsequent opiate rotation led to an improvement of symptoms...
June 2013: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23233124/z-and-e-rotamers-of-n-formyl-1-bromo-4-hydroxy-3-methoxymorphinan-6-one-and-their-interconversion-as-studied-by-1h-13c-nmr-spectroscopy-and-quantum-chemical-calculations
#8
Agnieszka Sulima, Kejun Cheng, Arthur E Jacobson, Kenner C Rice, Klaus Gawrisch, Yong-Sok Lee
N-Formyl-1-bromo-4-hydroxy-3-methoxymorphinan-6-one (compound 2), an important intermediate in the NIH Opiate Total Synthesis, presumably exists as a mixture of two rotamers (Z and E) in both CHCl(3) and DMSO at room temperature due to the hindered rotation of its N-C18 bond in the amide moiety. By comparing the experimental (1)H and (13)C chemical shifts of a single rotamer and the mixture of compound 2 in CDCl(3) with the calculated chemical shifts of the geometry optimized Z and E rotamers utilizing density functional theory, the crystalline rotamer of compound 2 was characterized as having the E configuration...
February 2013: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20701586/shoulder-manifestations-of-diabetes-mellitus
#9
REVIEW
Cintia Garcilazo, Javier A Cavallasca, Jorge L Musuruana
The musculoskeletal system can be affected by diabetes in a number of ways. The shoulder is one of the frequently affected sites. One of the rheumatic conditions caused by diabetes is frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis), which is characterized by pain and severe limited active and passive range of motion of the glenohumeral joint, particularly external rotation. This disorder has a clinical diagnosis and the treatment is based on physiotherapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroid injections and, in refractory cases, surgical resolution...
September 2010: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19384630/the-external-rotation-method-for-reduction-of-acute-anterior-shoulder-dislocations
#10
Mario Marinelli, Luigi de Palma
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocations account for almost 50% of all joint dislocations, and are most commonly anterior (90-98%) and occur due to trauma. This prospective study was conducted to report our experiences of using the external rotation method (ERM) in the reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2006 and April 2007, ERM was applied to 31 patients who presented with traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation to the Emergency Department of our Hospital which is a level 2 trauma centre...
March 2009: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19165303/continuous-cervical-epidural-analgesia-for-rehabilitation-after-shoulder-surgery-a-retrospective-evaluation
#11
Samer N Narouze, Harsh Govil, Maged Guirguis, Nagy A Mekhail
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder who fail conservative therapy need surgical treatment and aggressive post-operative rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of continuous cervical epidural analgesia on pain scores and range of motion of the shoulder joint in patients undergoing surgery for treatment of refractory frozen shoulder. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with refractory frozen shoulder who had failed conservative treatment and undergone surgical procedure (manipulation under anesthesia or capsular release) were identified and the data were collected retrospectively...
January 2009: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18942470/-impact-of-rotational-stress-on-development-of-local-immune-response-in-mice-the-role-of-k-opiate-receptors
#12
S V Geĭn, A A Siatchikhin
It was established that in an inductive phase of immune response rotational stress increases the number of APC, intensifies DTH and suppresses proliferation in the regional lymph node. K-Opiate receptors block by nor-BNI in the inductive period does not prevent changes of immune parameters. In a productive phase of the immune response, rotational stress activates formation of APC and DTH reaction. Block of k-opiate receptors abolished stress effects on the above parameters.
July 2008: Patologicheskaia Fiziologiia i èksperimental'naia Terapiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18192962/a-practical-approach-to-treating-patients-with-chronic-diarrhea
#13
REVIEW
Joseph H Sellin
Although diarrhea is a common complaint, its evaluation and treatment can be challenging. Appropriately defining and classifying diarrhea provide the framework for approaching diagnostic and therapeutic options. Diarrhea can be defined based on frequency, consistency, and/or weight, and classified as acute or chronic with specific clinical characteristics and stool appearance. Colonoscopy is the most common diagnostic tool used in the evaluation of patients with chronic diarrhea. Other evaluation strategies include timed stool collections, evaluation of inflammatory markers, and hydrogen breath tests...
2007: Reviews in Gastroenterological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16390348/mu-opiate-receptor-agonists-a-new-pharmacological-approach-to-prevent-motion-sickness
#14
Bärbel Otto, Rudolf L Riepl, Carsten Otto, Joachim Klose, Paul Enck, Sibylle Klosterhalfen
AIMS: Stress hormones might be involved in motion sickness. The influence of loperamide on kinetosis-induced nausea and stress hormone release was investigated in a placebo-controlled, cross-over study. METHODS: Standardized rotation around the vertical axis combined with head movements was used to induce nausea 3 h after 16 mg loperamide or placebo (n = 8). Plasma antidiuretic hormone (ADH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and nausea ratings were investigated...
January 2006: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16012419/oxycodone-pharmacological-profile-and-clinical-data-in-chronic-pain-management
#15
REVIEW
F Coluzzi, C Mattia
Opioids are widely used as effective analgesic therapy for cancer pain. Despite years of controversy, their use has been also accepted in chronic non-cancer pain. Oxycodone alone and in combination has been used for over 80 years in the treatment of a variety of pain syndromes. As single agent, the controlled release (CR) oxycodone's market in the USA grew from 10% in 1996 to 53% in 2000 and it has become a leading opioid in the United States. Recent data showed that the fixed-combination oxycodone/acetaminophen (5 mg/325 mg) is the most often prescribed opioid across all the different chronic pain diagnoses...
July 2005: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15686139/the-effects-of-rotation-stress-on-measures-of-immunity-the-role-of-opiate-receptors
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S V Gein, T A Simonenko, S P Tendryakova
Experiments were performed on mongrel male rats to study the effects of blockade of delta, mu, and kappa opiate receptors on antibody formation, delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH), and changes in the numbers of antibody-forming cells (AFC) and nucleated cells in the lymph nodes and spleen in a local form of immune response in a model of rotation stress. These studies showed that rotation stress led to mild suppression of immune inflammation in DTH, significant increases in the numbers of AFC and nucleated cells in regional lymph nodes, but no change in the peripheral blood antibody titer...
November 2004: Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15610715/management-of-common-symptoms-of-advanced-lung-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Michelle Bedor, Carla Alexander, Martin J Edelman
Disease-directed treatment of lung cancer reduces the morbidity and extends life for patients. However, as providers we must recognize that treating the symptoms of the disease may be as important as the treatment of the disease itself. This is particularly true in advanced disease and after disease-directed therapies have been exhausted. Aggressive assessment of symptoms and use of palliative therapies can significantly reduce the symptomatology of advanced lung cancer. Though the impact of these symptoms (ie, pain, dyspnea, and cachexia) are well known, they tend to be under-treated...
January 2005: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15221581/management-of-opioid-induced-bowel-dysfunction-in-cancer-patients
#18
REVIEW
Antonio Cesar Tamayo, Paola Andrea Diaz-Zuluaga
The gastrointestinal (GI) effects of morphine and other opioids may result in opioid-induced bowel dysfunction (OBD) and the need for treatment. Although OBD is very common in morphine-treated patients, it is usually under-diagnosed. Opioids deliver their GI effect through central and peripheral mechanisms. Laxatives are the pharmaceuticals prescribed most in this area. Prokinetics as well as cholinergic agonists have been used satisfactorily. One-third of patients with OBD have to be treated rectally. The use of opioid antagonists has been favored, but the bioavailability of oral forms is poor...
September 2004: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12552363/cognitive-and-motor-function-after-administration-of-hydrocodone-bitartrate-plus-ibuprofen-ibuprofen-alone-or-placebo-in-healthy-subjects-with-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-a-randomized-repeated-dose-placebo-controlled-study
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
George J Allen, Tamara L Hartl, Shannon Duffany, Stefanie F Smith, Jaci L VanHeest, Jeffrey M Anderson, Jay R Hoffman, William J Kraemer, Carl M Maresh
RATIONALE: Medications combining hydrocodone bitartrate and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents appear more beneficial than anti-inflammatory medications alone in treating pain and inflammation from acute soft tissue trauma, but opiate side effects may include sedation and impaired cognitive and motor performance. OBJECTIVE: Performance on complex cognitive and motor tasks was evaluated in healthy subjects with exercise-induced muscle damage who were treated with a hydrocodone-ibuprofen combination, ibuprofen alone, or placebo...
March 2003: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12423006/a-field-evaluation-of-five-on-site-drug-testing-devices
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dennis J Crouch, Rebekah K Hersch, Royer F Cook, James F Frank, J Michael Walsh
A field study was performed at two police agencies to evaluate the utility and accuracy of five on-site urine analysis drug-testing devices when used to test driving under the influence (DUI) arrestees. The devices evaluated were AccuSign, Rapid Drug Screen, TesTcup-5, TesTstik, and Triage. Standard workplace screening cut-off concentrations were used and samples were tested for marijuana, cocaine and metabolites, amphetamine(s), opiates, and PCP (except opiates 300 ng/mL). Four-hundred arrestees were recruited at each site, informed consent was obtained, and urine specimens were collected from each subject for analysis...
October 2002: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
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