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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356168/altered-transcription-of-glutamatergic-and-glycinergic-receptors-in-spinal-cord-dorsal-horn-following-spinal-cord-transection-is-minimally-affected-by-passive-exercise-of-the-hindlimbs
#1
Jeremy W Chopek, Christopher W MacDonell, Patricia C Shepard, Kalan R Gardiner, Phillip F Gardiner
Gene expression is altered following a spinal transection (STx) in both motor and sensory systems. Exercise has been shown to influence gene expression in both systems post-STx. Gene expression alterations have also been shown in the dorsal root ganglia and nociceptive laminae of the spinal cord following either an incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) or a contusive SCI. However, the effect of STx and exercise on gene expression in spinal cord laminae I-III has not fully been examined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if gene expression in laminae I-III is altered following STx and determine if superimposed passive exercise of the hindlimbs would influence gene expression post-STx in laminae I-III...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355942/anion-exchanger-3-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-contributes-to-nerve-injury-induced-chronic-mechanical-allodynia-and-thermal-hyperalgesia
#2
Marian J Pérez-Rodríguez, Isabel Velazquez-Lagunas, Alejandro Pluma-Pluma, Paulino Barragán-Iglesias, Vinicio Granados-Soto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of anion exchanger 3 (AE3) in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in nerve injury-induced chronic nociception in the rat. METHODS: Spared nerve injury (SNI) was used to induce neuropathic pain. Von Frey filaments and Hargreaves test were used to assess tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, respectively. Drugs were given by intrathecal administration. Western blotting was used to determine AE3 expression in DRG. KEY FINDINGS: SNI produced long-lasting mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355697/anti-nociceptive-effects-of-bupivacaine-encapsulated-plga-nanoparticles-applied-to-the-compressed-dorsal-root-ganglion-in-mice
#3
Tao Wang, Olivia Hurwitz, Steven G Shimada, Daofeng Tian, Feng Dai, Jiangbing Zhou, Chao Ma, Robert H LaMotte
Bupivacaine is a commonly used local anesthetic in postoperative pain management. We evaluated the effects of a prolonged, local delivery of bupivacaine on pain behavior accompanying a chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion (CCD) - an animal model of radicular pain. Poly(lactide-coglycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles encapsulating bupivacaine were injected unilaterally into the L3 and L4 DRGs of mice just before producing CCD by implanting a stainless-steel rod in the intervertebral foramen of each ganglion...
January 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355609/is-nociception-mechanism-altered-in-offspring-of-morphine-abstinent-rats
#4
Ghorbangol Ashabi, Mitra-Sadat Sadat-Shirazi, Ardeshir Akbarabadi, Nasim Vousooghi, Zahra Kheiri, Heidar Toolee, Solmaz Khalifeh, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
To investigate the effect of parental drug abuse on children, nociception, electrophysiological alteration, mRNA expression of opioid receptors, and expression of certain intracellular proteins in offspring of morphine-abstinent rats were studied. Adult male and female animals received water soluble morphine for 21 days. Ten days after the last morphine administration, animals were placed for mating in four groups as follows: healthy (drug naïve) female and male, morphine-abstinent female and healthy male, morphine-abstinent male and healthy female, morphine-abstinent male and morphine-abstinent female...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355530/spexin-as-a-neuroendocrine-signal-with-emerging-functions
#5
REVIEW
Ani Ma, Jin Bai, Mulan He, Anderson O L Wong
Spexin (SPX), a novel peptide coevolved with the galanin/kisspeptin family, was first identified by bioinformatics prior to its protein purification/functional studies. Its mature peptide is highly conserved among different vertebrate classes. Based on the studies in mammals and fish models, SPX was found to be widely distributed at tissue level, secreted into systemic circulation, identified at notable levels in central nervous system and peripheral tissues, and has been confirmed/implicated in multiple functions in different tissues/organs, suggesting that SPX may serve as a neuroendocrine signal with pleotropic functions...
January 17, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355376/do-multiple-body-modifications-alter-pain-threshold
#6
A Yamamotová, P Hrabák, P Hříbek, R Rokyta
In recent years, epidemiological data has shown an increasing number of young people who deliberately self-injure. There have also been parallel increases in the number of people with tattoos and those who voluntarily undergo painful procedures associated with piercing, scarification, and tattooing. People with self-injury behaviors often say that they do not feel the pain. However, there is no information regarding pain perception in those that visit tattoo parlors and piercing studios compared to those who don't...
December 30, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353540/-express-involvement-of-neutrophils-and-interleukin-18-in-nociception-in-a-mouse-model-of-muscle-pain
#7
Shinichirou Yoshida, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Masamichi Shinoda, Masashi Koide, Hiroyasu Hatakeyama, Chayanit Chaweewannakorn, Toshihisa Yano, Yasuhito Sogi, Nobuyuki Itaya, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yutaka Yabe, Keiichi Sasaki, Makoto Kanzaki, Eiji Itoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352859/is-selective-5-ht1f-receptor-agonism-an-entity-apart-from-that-of-the-triptans-in-antimigraine-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Eloísa Rubio-Beltrán, Alejandro Labastida-Ramírez, Carlos M Villalón, Antoinette MaassenVanDenBrink
Migraine is a neurovascular disorder that involves activation of the trigeminovascular system and cranial vasodilation mediated by release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). The gold standard for acute migraine treatment are the triptans, 5-HT1B/1D/(1F) receptor agonists. Their actions are thought to be mediated through activation of: (i) 5-HT1B receptors in cranial blood vessels with subsequent cranial vasoconstriction; (ii) prejunctional 5-HT1D receptors on trigeminal fibers that inhibit trigeminal CGRP release; and (iii) 5-HT1B/1D/1F receptors in central nervous system involved in (anti)nociceptive modulation...
January 17, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352128/phosphorylation-of-the-transient-receptor-potential-ankyrin-1-by-cyclin-dependent-kinase-5-affects-chemo-nociception
#9
Bradford E Hall, Michaela Prochazkova, Matthew R Sapio, Paul Minetos, Natalya Kurochkina, B K Binukumar, Niranjana D Amin, Anita Terse, John Joseph, Stephen J Raithel, Andrew J Mannes, Harish C Pant, Man-Kyo Chung, Michael J Iadarola, Ashok B Kulkarni
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a key neuronal kinase that is upregulated during inflammation, and can subsequently modulate sensitivity to nociceptive stimuli. We conducted an in silico screen for Cdk5 phosphorylation sites within proteins whose expression was enriched in nociceptors and identified the chemo-responsive ion channel Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) as a possible Cdk5 substrate. Immunoprecipitated full length TRPA1 was shown to be phosphorylated by Cdk5 and this interaction was blocked by TFP5, an inhibitor that prevents activation of Cdk5...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351958/recent-data-from-radiofrequency-denervation-trials-further-emphasise-that-treating-nociception-is-not-the-same-as-treating-pain
#10
Matthew K Bagg, James H McAuley, G Lorimer Moseley, Benedict Martin Wand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351450/cardiac-vanilloid-receptor-1-afferent-depletion-enhances-stellate-ganglion-neuronal-activity-and-efferent-sympathetic-response-to-cardiac-stress
#11
Koji Yoshie, Pradeep S Rajendran, Louis Massoud, OhJin Kwon, Vasudev Tadimeti, Siamak Salavatian, Jeffrey Laurence Ardell, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Olujimi A Ajijola
Afferent fibers expressing the vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1) channel are implicated in cardiac nociception, however, their role in modulating reflex responses to cardiac stress is not well-understood. We evaluated this role in Yorkshire pigs by percutaneous epicardial application of resiniferatoxin (RTX), a toxic activator of the VR1 channel, resulting in depletion of cardiac VR1-expressing afferents. Hemodynamics, epicardial activation recovery intervals (ARIs), and in vivo activity of stellate ganglion (SG) neurons (SGNs) were recorded in control and RTX-treated animals...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351398/visceral-hypersensitivity-induced-by-optogenetic-activation-of-the-amygdala-in-conscious-rats
#12
Anthony C Johnson, Rocco Latorre, Casey O Ligon, Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld
In vivo optogenetics identifies brain circuits controlling behaviors in conscious animals by using light to alter neuronal function and offers a novel tool to study the brain-gut axis. Using adenoviral-mediated expression, we aimed to investigate whether photoactivation with channelrhodopsin (ChR2) or photoinhibition with halorhodopsin (HR3.0) of fibers originating from the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) at the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) had any effect on colonic sensitivity. We also investigated whether that there was any deleterious effect of the adenovirus on the neuronal population or the neuronal phenotype within the CeA-BNST circuitry activated during the optogenetic stimulation...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351171/spinal-pkc-erk-signal-pathway-mediates-hyperalgesia-priming
#13
Wei-Hsin Chen, Ya-Ting Chang, Yong-Cyuan Chen, Sin-Jhong Cheng, Chien-Chang Chen
Chronic pain can be initiated by one or more acute stimulations to sensitize neurons into the primed state. In the primed state, the basal nociceptive thresholds of the animal are normal, but in response to another hyperalgesic stimulus, the animal develops enhanced and prolonged hyperalgesia. The exact mechanism of how primed state is formed is not completely understood. Here we showed that spinal PKC/ERK signal pathway is required for neuronal plasticity change, hyperalgesic priming formation and the development of chronic hyperalgesia using acid-induced muscle pain (AIMP) model in mice...
January 18, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351168/co-regulation-of-er-stress-and-oxidative-stress-in-neuropathic-pain-and-disinhibition-of-the-spinal-nociceptive-circuitry
#14
Yanhu Ge, Yingfu Jiao, Peiying Li, Zhenghua Xiang, Zhi Li, Long Wang, Wenqian Li, Hao Gao, Jiayun Shao, Daxiang Wen, Weifeng Yu
The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen leads to ER stress, which is related to cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Neuropathic pain may result from spinal dorsal horn (SDH) ER stress. In this study, we examined the cause-effect relationship between ER stress and neuropathic pain using the spinal nerve ligation(SNL) rat model. We showed that ER stress was mutually promotive with oxidative stress during the process. We also tested the hypothesis that spinal sensitization arose from reduced activities of GABA-ergic interneurons and that spinal sensitization was mediated by SDH ER stress...
January 18, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351125/central-inhibition-of-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-is-analgesic-in-experimental-neuropathic-pain
#15
Louise S C Nicol, Peter Thornton, Jon P Hatcher, Colin P Glover, Carl I Webster, Matthew Burrell, Kessia Hammett, Clare A Jones, Matthew A Sleeman, Andrew Billinton, Iain Chessell
With less than 50% of patients responding to the current standard of care and poor efficacy and selectivity of current treatments, neuropathic pain continues to be an area of considerable unmet medical need. Biological therapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) provide better intrinsic selectivity; however, delivery to the central nervous system (CNS) remains a challenge. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is well described in inflammation-induced pain, and early-phase clinical trials evaluating its antagonism have exemplified its importance as a peripheral pain target...
January 16, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350556/rehabilitation-of-a-young-athlete-with-extension-based-low-back-pain-addressing-motor-control-impairments-and-central-sensitization
#16
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350427/role-of-microglia-in-the-spinal-cord-in-colon-to-bladder-neural-crosstalk-in-a-rat-model-of-colitis
#17
Tsuyoshi Majima, Yasuhito Funahashi, Naoki Kawamorita, Shun Takai, Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Tokunori Yamamoto, Naoki Yoshimura, Momokazu Gotoh
AIMS: We investigated whether spinal cord microglia are involved in colon-to-bladder neural crosstalk in a rat model of colitis. METHODS: Adult female SD rats were divided into A) control, B) colitis, and C) colitis + minocycline groups. Experimental colitis was induced by administering 50% trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid into the distal colon in the colitis group and the minocycline group. Minocycline, a microglial inhibitor, was continuously infused into the intrathecal space in the minocycline group...
January 19, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346771/rapid-turnover-of-cortical-ncam1-regulates-synaptic-reorganization-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#18
Hyoung-Gon Ko, Jun-Hyeok Choi, Dong Ik Park, SukJae Joshua Kang, Chae-Seok Lim, Su-Eon Sim, Jaehoon Shim, Ji-Il Kim, Siyong Kim, Tae-Hyeok Choi, Sanghyun Ye, Jaehyun Lee, Pojeong Park, Somi Kim, Jeehaeh Do, Jihye Park, Md Ariful Islam, Hyun Jeong Kim, Christoph W Turck, Graham L Collingridge, Min Zhuo, Bong-Kiun Kaang
Peripheral nerve injury can induce pathological conditions that lead to persistent sensitized nociception. Although there is evidence that plastic changes in the cortex contribute to this process, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we find that activation of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) induced by peripheral nerve injury increases the turnover of specific synaptic proteins in a persistent manner. We demonstrate that neural cell adhesion molecule 1 (NCAM1) is one of the molecules involved and show that it mediates spine reorganization and contributes to the behavioral sensitization...
January 16, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344649/effects-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-on-the-nr2b-camkii%C3%AE-creb-signaling-pathway-in-the-rat-lumbar-spinal-cord
#19
Liyan Zhao, Yonghai Zhang, Fan Yang, Di Zhu, Ningkang Li, Li Zhao, Na Li, Jianqiang Yu, Hanxiang Ma
Neuraxial anesthesia produces an anesthetic-sparing, sedative effect. The mechanism underlying this effect potentially involves decreased spinal afferent input. However, the neurochemical mechanisms at the spinal level remain unknown. The N‑methyl‑D‑aspartate receptor 2B subunit/calcium‑calmodulin‑dependent protein kinase II α/cAMP response element‑binding protein (NR2B/CaMKIIα/CREB) signaling pathway serves an important role in regulating the transmittance of peripheral noxious stimulation to supraspinal regions in the process of nociception...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343985/bioactive-chromone-constituents-from-vitex-negundo-alleviate-pain-and-inflammation
#20
Ajmal Khan, Sadia Naz, Umar Farooq, Muhammad Shahid, Irfan Ullah, Iftikhar Ali, Abdur Rauf, Yahia Nasser Mabkhot
Background: Vitex negundo L. has been widely studied for its beneficial effect in inflammatory and pain conditions. The present study describes the isolation of two new bioactive chromone constituents from V. negundo and their in vivo evaluation for anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities. Methods: Two new chromone derivatives, namely, methyl 3-(2-(5-hydroxy-6-methoxy-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)ethyl)benzoate (1) and 3-(1-hydroxy-2-(5-hydroxy-6-methoxy-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)ethyl)benzoic acid (2) were isolated from V...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
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