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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816506/inhibition-of-monoacylglycerol-lipase-another-signalling-pathway-for-potential-therapeutic-targets-in-migraine
#1
Rosaria Greco, Chiara Demartini, Anna Maria Zanaboni, Laura Berliocchi, Daniele Piomelli, Cristina Tassorelli
Background Drugs that modulate endocannabinoid signalling are effective in reducing nociception in animal models of pain and may be of value in the treatment of migraine. Methods We investigated the anti-nociceptive effects of inhibition of monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL), a key enzyme in the hydrolysis of the 2-arachidonoylglycerol, in a rat model of migraine based on nitroglycerin (NTG) administration. We evaluated c-fos expression in specific brain areas and nociceptive behavior in trigeminal and extra-trigeminal body areas...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812431/oral-administration-of-curcumin-attenuates-visceral-hyperalgesia-through-inhibiting-phosphorylation-of-trpv1-in-rat-model-of-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Mei Yang, Juan Wang, Chunxue Yang, Hongxiu Han, Weifang Rong, Guohua Zhang
Background Curcumin has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects. The present study was designed to explore the potential therapeutic effects of curcumin on visceral hyperalgesia and inflammation in a rat model of ulcerative colitis. We observed the effects of orally administered curcumin on the disease activity index, histological change in colon, colorectal distension-induced abdominal withdrawal reflex, the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and phosphorylated TRPV1 in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis rats...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812173/melatonin-attenuates-pain-hypersensitivity-and-decreases-astrocyte-mediated-spinal-neuroinflammation-in-a-rat-model-of-oxaliplatin-induced-pain
#3
Ye-Song Wang, Yuan-Yuan Li, Wei Cui, Li-Bin Li, Zhao-Cai Zhang, Bao-Ping Tian, Gen-Sheng Zhang
Neuroinflammatory response in spinal dorsal horn has been demonstrated to be a critical factor in oxaliplatin-induced pain. Melatonin has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-allodynia effects in both preclinical and clinical studies. In the present study, we investigated the role of systemic administration of melatonin on oxaliplatin-induced pain. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection with oxaliplatin induced significantly mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. Melatonin (i.p.) significantly alleviated mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in the oxaliplatin but not sham-treated rats...
August 15, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811623/immune-dysregulation-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#4
Gila Moalem-Taylor, Benny Baharuddin, Barbara Bennett, Arun V Krishnan, William Huynh, Matthew C Kiernan, Cindy Shin-Yi Lin, Boaz Shulruf, Elizabeth Keoshkerian, Barbara Cameron, Andrew Lloyd
Peripheral immunity plays a key role in maintaining homeostasis and conferring crucial neuroprotective effects on the injured nervous system, while at the same time may contribute to increased vulnerability to neuropathic pain. Little is known about the reciprocal relationship between entrapment neuropathy and peripheral immunity. This study investigated immune profile in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the most prevalent entrapment neuropathy. All patients exhibited neurophysiological abnormalities in the median nerve, with the majority reporting neuropathic pain symptoms...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809765/cyclin-dependent-kinase-5-modulates-the-p2x2a-receptor-channel-gating-through-phosphorylation-of-c-terminal-threonine-372
#5
Claudio Coddou, Rodrigo Sandoval, Patricio Castro, Pablo Lazcano, Maria José Hevia, Milos Rokic, Bradford Hall, Anita Terse, Christian Gonzalez-Billault, Ashok B Kulkarni, Stanko S Stojilkovic, Elias Utreras
The purinergic P2X2 receptor (P2X2R) is an adenosine triphosphate-gated ion channel widely expressed in the nervous system. Here, we identified a putative cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylation site in the full-size variant P2X2aR (TPKH), which is absent in the splice variant P2X2bR. We therefore investigated the effects of Cdk5 and its neuronal activator, p35, on P2X2aR function. We found an interaction between P2X2aR and Cdk5/p35 by co-immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation in HEK293 cells...
July 17, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808362/a-study-on-the-psychometric-properties-of-revised-nonverbal-pain-scale-and-original-nonverbal-pain-scale-in-iranian-nonverbal-ventilated-patients
#6
Hoda Chookalayi, Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Mohammad Hasanpour, Sajjad Jabrailzadeh, Fatemeh Sadeghpour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The nonverbal pain scale is one of the instruments which study pain in nonverbal-ventilated patients with regard to the changes of behavioral and physiological indices. The purpose of the study is to survey the psychometric properties of revised-nonverbal pain scale (R-NVPS) and original-nonverbal pain scale (O-NVPS) in ventilated patients hospitalized in critical care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four nurses studied pain in sixty patients hospitalized in trauma, medical, neurology, and surgical critical care units using R-NVPS and O-NVPS at six times (before, during, and after nociceptive and nonnociceptive procedures)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#7
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806224/bromodomain-containing-protein-4-activates-voltage-gated-sodium-channel-1-7-transcription-in-dorsal-root-ganglia-neurons-to-mediate-thermal-hyperalgesia-in-rats
#8
Ming-Chun Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Ho, Cheng-Yuan Lai, Hsueh-Hsiao Wang, An-Sheng Lee, Jen-Kun Cheng, Yat-Pang Chau, Hsien-Yu Peng
BACKGROUND: Bromodomain-containing protein 4 binds acetylated promoter histones and promotes transcription; however, the role of bromodomain-containing protein 4 in inflammatory hyperalgesia remains unclear. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats received hind paw injections of complete Freund's adjuvant to induce hyperalgesia. The dorsal root ganglia were examined to detect changes in bromodomain-containing protein 4 expression and the activation of genes involved in the expression of voltage-gated sodium channel 1...
August 11, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806211/the-opiorphin-analog-str-324-decreases-sensory-hypersensitivity-in-a-rat-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#9
Alain Van Elstraete, Philippe Sitbon, Leila Hamdi, Victor Juarez-Perez, Jean-Xavier Mazoit, Dan Benhamou, Catherine Rougeot
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain represents a therapeutic challenge, and treatments with increased efficacy and tolerability still need to be developed. Opiorphin protects endogenous enkephalins from degradation, potentiating enkephalin-dependent analgesia via the activation of opioid pathways. Enkephalins are natural ligands of opioid receptors, with strong affinity for δ-opioid receptors. Expression of functional δ-opioid receptors increases in sensory neurons after peripheral nerve injury in neuropathic pain models...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805585/understanding-and-treating-pain-syndromes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Christian Geroin, Angelo Antonini, Nicola Smania, Michele Tinazzi
Pain affects many people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and diminishes their quality of life. Different types of pain have been described, but their related pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of this chapter is to provide movement disorders specialists an update about the pathophysiology of pain and a practical guide for the management of pain syndromes in clinical practice. This chapter reviews current knowledge on the pathophysiological mechanisms of sensory changes and pain in PD, as well as assessment and treatment procedures to manage these symptoms...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805336/matrix-stimulation-in-cancer-pain-methodology-safety-and-effectiveness
#11
M Mücke, M Tils, R Conrad, D Kravchenko, H Cuhls, L Radbruch, M Marinova, V Peuckmann-Post, R Rolke
BACKGROUND: This feasibility study addresses the applicability of matrix electrodes for the reduction of ongoing pain in cancer patients via low-frequency electrical stimulation (LFS). METHODS: Low-frequency matrix stimulation (4 Hz) was applied to the skin within the 'Head's zones' referring to the tumour localization of cancer pain patients. Pain at baseline was compared to a 3-day treatment interval consisting of 5 min of matrix stimulation in the morning and evening followed by a 3-day follow-up period without therapy...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804615/pharmacological-effects-of-a-synthetic-quinoline-a-hybrid-of-tomoxiprole-and-naproxen-against-acute-pain-and-inflammation-in-mice-a-behavioral-and-docking-study
#12
Hossein Hosseinzadeh, Fatemeh Mazaheri, Razieh Ghodsi
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we investigated the potential anti-nociceptive activity and acute anti-inflammatory effect of a synthetic quinoline compound (2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)benzo[h]quinoline-4-carboxylic acid, QC), possessing structural elements of both naproxen and tomoxiprole drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-nociceptive activity of QC was evaluated using chemical- and thermal-induced nociception models and its acute anti-inflammatory effect was evaluated by xylene-induced ear edema test in mice...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803965/the-great-divide-separation-between-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-psncbam-based-cb1-receptor-allosteric-modulators
#13
Thomas F Gamage, Charlotte E Farquhar, Timothy W Lefever, Brian F Thomas, Thuy Nguyen, Yanan Zhang, Jenny L Wiley
While allosteric modulators of the cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1) continue to be developed and characterized, the gap between the in vitro and in vivo data is widening, raising questions regarding translatability of their effects and biological relevance. Among the CB1 allosteric modulators, PSNCBAM-1 has received little attention regarding its effects in vivo. Recently, pregnenolone was reported to act as an allosteric modulator of CB1, blocking THC's effects in vitro and in vivo, highlighting the potential of CB1 allosteric modulators for treatment of cannabis intoxication...
August 10, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803873/neural-circuitry-that-evokes-escape-behavior-upon-activation-of-nociceptive-sensory-neurons-in-drosophila-larvae
#14
Jiro Yoshino, Rei K Morikawa, Eri Hasegawa, Kazuo Emoto
Noxious stimuli trigger a stereotyped escape response in animals. In Drosophila larvae, class IV dendrite arborization (C4 da) sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system are responsible for perception of multiple nociceptive modalities, including noxious heat and harsh mechanical stimulation, through distinct receptors [1-9]. Silencing or ablation of C4 da neurons largely eliminates larval responses to noxious stimuli [10-12], whereas optogenetic activation of C4 da neurons is sufficient to provoke corkscrew-like rolling behavior similar to what is observed when larvae receive noxious stimuli, such as high temperature or harsh mechanical stimulation [10-12]...
August 4, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801761/milonine-a-morphinandienone-alkaloid-has-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-effects-by-inhibiting-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-1%C3%AE-production
#15
Larissa Rodrigues Silva, Adriano Francisco Alves, Luiz Henrique Agra Cavalcante-Silva, Renan Marinho Braga, Reinaldo Nóbrega de Almeida, José Maria Barbosa-Filho, Márcia Regina Piuvezam
Milonine is a morphinandienone alkaloid from Cissampelos sympodialis Eichl (Menispermaceae), a plant used in Brazil to treat inflammatory disorders. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of milonine (MIL) by using classical experimental models of inflammation and nociception. The results showed that MIL reduced the paw edema formation induced by lipopolysaccharide, prostaglandin E2, and bradykinin, without interfering with the serotonin-induced edema. With respect to the nociception experiments, MIL decreased the exudate into the peritoneum induced by acetic acid, maintaining the tissue morphology...
August 11, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801070/methodological-considerations-for-the-temporal-summation-of-second-pain
#16
Nathanial R Eckert, Charles J Vierck, Corey B Simon, Sachell Calderon, Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, Roland Staud, Roger B Fillingim, Joseph L Riley
Temporal summation of second pain (TSSP) is a psychophysical indication of a central pain encoding mechanism, potentially enhanced in pathological pain conditions. Low frequency repetitive stimulation of unmyelinated (C) nociceptors results in a progressive increase of pain intensity when thermal stimulation intensity remains constant. However, when using different methods of nociceptive delivery to the skin, both regularity and rate of pain enhancement with repetition varies between experiments. Specifically, repetitive ramping up and down from a neutral to a painful temperature has produced weak and inconsistent pain summation...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800673/m-type-k-channels-in-peripheral-nociceptive-pathways
#17
REVIEW
Xiaona Du, Haixia Gao, David Jaffe, Hailin Zhang, Nikita Gamper
Pathological pain is a hyperexcitability disorder. Since the excitability of a neuron is set and controlled by a complement of ion channels it expresses, in order to understand and treat pain we need to develop a mechanistic insight into the key ion channels controlling excitability within the mammalian pain pathways, and how these ion channels are regulated and modulated in various physiological and pathophysiological settings. In this review we will discuss the emerging data on the expression in pain pathways, functional role and modulation of a family of voltage-gated K(+) channels called 'M channels' (KCNQ, Kv7)...
August 11, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800048/mental-practice-for-chronic-pain-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Emmanuelle Opsommer, Natalya Korogod
The primary objective of this systematic review is to identify the effects of mental practice (MP) interventions on chronic neuropathic and nociceptive pain and motor function recovery in individuals after spinal cord injury (SCI). Where possible, this review will also describe the optimal type and dosage (i.e. frequency, intensity and duration) of MP interventions for patients with SCI.
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799972/increased-pain-sensitivity-in-accident-related-chronic-pain-patients-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress
#19
Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Tonny Elmose Andersen, Mathea Harvold, Per Grunwald Andersen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in chronic pain, and associated with increased pain, hyperalgesia and psychological distress. This study aimed to investigate anti-nociceptive and pro-nociceptive pain mechanisms, pain intensity, and psychological distress (depression, anxiety, pain catastrophizing, and fear of movement) in patients with accident-related chronic spinal pain with (N=44) and without (N=64) comorbid PTSD characteristics. METHODS: Cuff algometry was performed on lower legs to assess pressure pain threshold (cPPT), tolerance (cPTT), temporal summation of pain (TSP: increase in pain scores to ten repeated stimulations), and conditioning pain modulation (CPM: increase in cPPT during cuff pain conditioning on the contralateral leg)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799666/effect-of-resveratrol-on-c-fos-expression-of-rat-trigeminal-spinal-nucleus-caudalis-and-c1-dorsal-horn-neurons-following-mustard-oil-induced-acute-inflammation
#20
Yasuhiro Matsumoto, Kyouhei Komatsu, Yoshihito Shimazu, Shiori Takehana, Yumiko Syouji, Ayumu Kobayashi, Mamoru Takeda
The dietary constituent, resveratrol, was recently identified as a transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) antagonist, voltage-dependent sodium ion (Na(+) ) channel, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether pretreatment with resveratrol attenuates acute inflammation-induced sensitization of nociceptive processing in rat spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis (SpVc) and upper cervical (C1) dorsal horn neurons, via c-fos immunoreactivity. Mustard oil (MO), a TRPA1 channel agonist, was injected into the whisker pads of rats to induce inflammation...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
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