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Infectious spondylitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251234/sb5-an-adalimumab-biosimilar
#1
James E Frampton
SB5 (Imraldi® ) is a biosimilar of the reference anti-TNF monoclonal antibody adalimumab. It is approved for use in the following indications for which reference adalimumab is approved: rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile idiopathic arthritis [polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA) and enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA)], axial spondyloarthritis [ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA)], psoriatic arthritis (PsA), psoriasis, pediatric plaque psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), Crohn's disease, pediatric Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis (UC), and non-infectious uveitis...
September 24, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244270/acute-febrile-neutrophilic-dermatosis-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Pavel Skok, Kristjan Skok
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The disease is characterized by acute exacerbations with diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, anorexia, intestinal bleeding, and weight loss. Immune-mediated diseases that are frequently associated with Crohn's disease include arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, uveitis, and skin lesions, such as erythema nodosum and pyoderma gangrenosum. The authors present the case of a 22-year-old female patient that was admitted to their hospital due to diarrhea, fever, arthralgias, and diffuse erythematous papules and plaques with vesicles and pustules affecting the patient's face, lips, arms, trunk, and legs...
September 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221327/diagnosis-and-differential-diagnosis-of-large-vessel-vasculitides
#3
REVIEW
Gokhan Keser, Kenan Aksu
There are no universally accepted diagnostic criteria for large-vessel vasculitides (LVV), including giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TAK). Currently, available classification criteria cannot be used for the diagnosis of GCA and TAK. Early diagnosis of these two diseases is quite challenging in clinical practice and may be accomplished only by combining the patient symptoms, physical examination findings, blood test results, imaging findings, and biopsy results, if available. Awareness of red flags which lead the clinician to investigate TAK in a young patient with persistent systemic inflammation is helpful for the early diagnosis...
September 17, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221099/thoracic-discitis-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#4
Eamon Maloney, Sachin Srinivasan, Timothy Shaver
Chronic ankylosing spondylitis can lead to several rare long-term complications including cauda equina syndrome and inflammatory discitis especially without treatment. These complications are uncommon, but there is evidence that they can be treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. We present a case of a 52-year-old male with a 30-year history of undiagnosed ankylosing spondylitis with cauda equina syndrome on initial outpatient presentation with a negative lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
July 12, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193606/-diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-early-diagnosis-and-prognostic-prediction-of-intervertebral-disc-change-in-patients-with-brucella-spondylitis
#5
Peng Wu, Yu-Jiao Zhang, Fang Qin, Lan Liu, Shu-Jun Cui
Objective To explore the value of fractional anisotropy(FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC) in the early diagnosis of intervertebral disc change in patients with Brucella spondylitis(BS) and in the assessment of BS disc changes after treatment and to further investigate the imaging features of BS in its acute,subacute,and chronic stages. Methods Totally 60 serologically or pathologically confirmed BS patients who were treated in the First Hospital Affiliated to Hebei North University(n=20) or ZhangJiakou Infectious Diseases Hospital(n=40) were enrolled...
August 30, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881952/-what-rheumatologists-can-learn-from-ophthalmologists
#6
REVIEW
M D Becker, R Max, A Dimitriou, T Saurenmann, H-M Lorenz, A Jansen, S Lortz, J Grulich-Henn, M Weber
Intraocular inflammation with the imprecise and broad umbrella term "uveitis" is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in ophthalmology. Uveitis is one of the most common causes of blindness worldwide and due to the associated costs is comparable to diabetic retinopathy. Patients can be affected by uveitis at any age. Any part of the eye may be affected. The symptoms range from complete absence of symptoms, through all types of vision deterioration up to a red and even very painful eye. Uveitis can be strictly unilateral (also alternating from the left to the right eye) or bilateral with a relapsing or chronic course...
June 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752214/evaluation-of-pneumococcal-and-influenza-vaccination-coverage-in-rheumatology-patients-receiving-biological-therapy-in-a-regional-referral-hospital
#7
María Fernández-Prada, Anahy María Brandy-García, Omar Darío Rodríguez-Fonseca, Ismael Huerta-González, Federico Fernández-Noval, Carmen Martínez-Ortega
OBJECTIVE: Vaccination coverage for seasonal influenza and pneumococcus in rheumatology patients receiving biological treatment. To identify variables that predict vaccination adherence. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional study. The study involved rheumatology patients who initiated biological therapy between 01/01/2016 and 12/31/2016 in a regional referral hospital. Variables included sociodemographic information, diagnostic data, treating physician, referral to the vaccine unit and vaccination against pneumococcus with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23), as well as seasonal influenza (2016/17)...
May 8, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666980/epidemiology-of-uveitis-in-a-us-population-based-study
#8
Marta Mora González, Marissé Masís Solano, Travis C Porco, Catherine E Oldenburg, Nisha R Acharya, Shan C Lin, Matilda F Chan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between self-reported uveitis and purported demographic and clinical risk factors, using an American adult population extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the years 2009 and 2010. This is a cross-sectional, population-based study using a sample of 5106 subjects between 20 and 69 years old. The main outcome for our study was the self-report of a diagnosis of uveitis. The demographic analysis included age, gender, and ethnicity...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660549/perineural-spread-along-spinal-and-obturator-nerves-in-primary-vaginal-carcinoma-a-case-report
#9
Eun Jee Song, Ji Seon Park, Kyung Nam Ryu, So Young Park, Wook Jin
BACKGROUND: Perineural spread is not an uncommon feature in carcinoma of the head and neck. On the contrary, perineural spread in pelvic malignancies has been rarely reported. This is the first report on perineural spread of the obturator nerve and the lumbosacral plexus from primary vaginal cancer. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 50-year-old woman diagnosed with infectious spondylitis at an outside hospital was referred to our institution. She presented with persistent lower back pain and right anterior thigh pain...
July 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610700/pulmonary-sarcoidosis-following-etanercept-treatment-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
A Majjad, A Bezza, A Biyi, M R El Ochi, A El Maghraoui
Antitumor necrosis factor therapies have revolutionized the treatment of some inflammatory diseases. However, the use of these agents is associated with the development of many paradoxical autoimmune diseases. Less well-recognized is the association with sarcoidosis. We report a 55-year-old female with long-standing ankylosing spondylitis who developed persistent dry cough and dyspnea while receiving etanercept therapy. High-resolution computed tomography scanning showed mediastinal lymphadenopathy and multiple nodules in both lung fields developed two months after the administration of etanercept...
2018: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354239/comparative-analysis-of-spontaneous-infectious-spondylitis-pyogenic-versus-tuberculous
#11
Yangwon Lee, Bum-Joon Kim, Se-Hoon Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee, Won-Hyung Kim, Sung-Won Jin
Objective: Spondylitis is often chemotherapy resistant and requires long-term treatment. Without adequate chemotherapy, the outcome can be fatal or result in severe neurologic damage. Therefore, differentiating the etiology of spondylitis is very important, particularly in spontaneous cases. As the prevalence of tuberculosis in Korea has decreased in recent years, updated clinical research about spondylitis is warranted. Methods: From April 2010 to March 2016, data from spondylitis patients were collected retrospectively...
January 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299700/emergent-spinal-mri-in-ivdu-patients-presenting-with-back-pain-do-we-need-an-mri-in-every-case
#12
Charles G Colip, Mina Lotfi, Karen Buch, Nagaraj Holalkere, Bindu N Setty
PURPOSE: Spinal MRI is the exam of choice for the workup of patients with suspected spinal infection. In this retrospective study, we assess the value of obtaining contrast-enhanced spinal MRI for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute back pain and a history of intravenous drug use (IVDU). METHODS: A retrospective IRB-approved, HIPAA compliant review of the imaging findings, reports and electronic charts of 167 consecutive IV drug-using patients (M/F = 96:71, mean age = 40 years) that presented to the ED with acute back pain over a 55-month period and underwent contrast-enhanced spinal MRI within 24 h...
June 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979855/single-stage-anterior-debridement-and-reconstruction-with-tantalum-mesh-cage-for-complicated-infectious-spondylitis
#13
Shih-Chieh Yang, Hung-Shu Chen, Yu-Hsien Kao, Yuan-Kun Tu
AIM: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of patients with complicated infectious spondylitis treated with single-stage anterior debridement and reconstruction using tantalum mesh cage (TaMC) followed by immediate instrumentation. METHODS: Single-stage radical debridement and subsequent reconstruction with TaMC instead of autograft or allograft were performed to treat 20 patients with spinal deformity or instability due to complicated infectious spondylitis...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976894/spontaneous-spondylodiscitis-epidemiology-clinical-features-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Aneta S Petkova, Christo B Zhelyazkov, Borislav D Kitov
Spontaneous spondylodiscitis is a rare but serious infectious disease which is a combination of an inflammatory process, involving one or more adjacent vertebral bodies (spondylitis), the intervertebral discs (discitis) and finally - the neighboring neural structures. In most cases the condition is due to a hematogenous infection and can affect all regions of the spinal cord, but it is usually localized in the lumbar area. The most common clinical symptom is a pronounced, constant and increasing nocturnal paravertebral pain, while consequently different degrees of residual neurological symptoms from nerve roots and/or spinal cord may appear...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697197/increased-and-normalized-uptake-of-18-f-fdg-in-a-case-of-bone-periprosthetic-infection-treated-by-antibiotics
#15
Valentina Lavelli, Cristina Ferrari, Artor Niccoli Asabella, Corinna Altini, Francesco Saverio Vella, Giuseppe Rubini
We report the case of a 69 years old man with left hip prosthesis, who presented clinical, biochemical and imaging signs of periprosthetic infection treated with linezolid, an antibacterial agent of the oxazolidinone class. Two weeks after this treatment, a fluorine-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) scan showed increased uptake in the skeleton and also increased uptake in several focal areas in the spine and near the prosthesis and the surgical wound on the left gluteus medius...
May 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612240/clinical-characteristics-of-peripheral-spondyloarthritis-without-psoriasis-inflammatory-enteropathy-or-preceding-infection-from-a-single-rheumatology-clinic-in-northern-india
#16
Anand Narayan Malaviya, Neha Agrawal, Nilesh Sahebrao Patil
The objective of this study was to characterise the peripheral arthritis of spondyloarthritis (pSpA) excluding psoriatic-, inflammatory enteropathy-related, post-infectious reactive-SpA and arthritis associated with axial SpA/ankylosing spondylitis (axSpA/AS). Patients presenting with the clinical features of the broad spectrum of SpA were screened for the presence of peripheral arthritis using the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria. The other conditions that could cause pSpA, e...
November 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583781/-macrophage-activation-syndrome-and-kawasaki-disease-four-new-cases
#17
B Dumont, P Jeannoel, L Trapes, E Rolland, C Gay, J-L Stephan
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a rarely reported complication of Kawasaki disease (KD). It must be sought during KD with unusual clinical signs, such as enlargement of the liver or spleen, cytopenia (including thrombocytopenia), and elevated serum triglycerides. Here, we report four cases from a single center. The first is the description of a case of KD occurring in an 11-month-old child 15 days after the occurrence of infectious spondylitis. For the second, acute myocarditis heralded KD in a 5-year-old child...
July 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299317/application-of-intraoperative-ct-guided-navigation-in-simultaneous-minimally-invasive-anterior-and-posterior-surgery-for-infectious-spondylitis
#18
Meng-Huang Wu, Navneet Kumar Dubey, Ching-Yu Lee, Yen-Yao Li, Chin-Chang Cheng, Chung-Sheng Shi, Tsung-Jen Huang
This study was aimed at evaluating the safety and efficacy of using intraoperative computed tomography- (iCT-) guided navigation in simultaneous minimally invasive anterior and posterior surgery for infectious spondylitis. Nine patients with infectious spondylitis were enrolled in this study. The average operative time was 327.6 min (range, 210-490) and intraoperative blood loss was 407 cc (range, 50-1,200). The average duration of hospital stay was 48.9 days (range, 11-76). Out of a total of 54 pedicle screws employed, 53 screws (98...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298562/deaths-associated-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-france-from-1969-to-2009
#19
Clément Prati, Marc Puyraveau, Xavier Guillot, Franck Verhoeven, Daniel Wendling
OBJECTIVE: To describe deaths for which ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was on death certificates in France. METHODS: Death certificates in which AS was indicated were evaluated. Standard mortality ratio (SMR) was assessed. RESULTS: AS appeared in 2940 death certificates. The mortality rate of AS seemed stable. The most frequent initial causes were diseases of the circulatory system [28.3% in the International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed (ICD-10)]...
May 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264814/risk-of-serious-infections-associated-with-use-of-immunosuppressive-agents-in-pregnant-women-with-autoimmune-inflammatory-conditions-cohort-study
#20
Rishi J Desai, Brian T Bateman, Krista F Huybrechts, Elisabetta Patorno, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Yoonyoung Park, Sara Z Dejene, Jacqueline Cohen, Helen Mogun, Seoyoung C Kim
Objective  To compare the risk of serious infections associated with use of systemic steroids, non-biologic agents, or tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) inhibitors in pregnancy. Design  Observational cohort study. Setting  Public (Medicaid, 2001-10) or private (Optum Clinformatics, 2004-15) health insurance programs in the US. Participants  4961 pregnant women treated with immunosuppressive drugs for rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, or inflammatory bowel disease...
March 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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