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Aging Meta-analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554057/gender-specific-prevalence-of-poor-sleep-quality-and-related-factors-in-a-chinese-rural-population-the-henan-rural-cohort-study
#1
Yan Wang, Yuqian Li, Xiaotian Liu, Ruihua Liu, Zhenxing Mao, Runqi Tu, Haiqing Zhang, Xia Zhang, Xinling Qian, Jingjing Jiang, Dou Qiao, Zhicheng Luo, Xiaokang Dong, Xue Liu, Chongjian Wang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of poor sleep quality and identify related factors by gender in the Chinese rural population. METHODS: Overall, 27424 subjects (10881 males and 16543 females) aged 18-79 years were enrolled from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. Sleep quality was evaluated by the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and global score>5 was classified as poor sleep quality. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
November 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554032/evaluation-of-emotional-skills-in-nursing-using-regression-and-qca-models-a-transversal-study
#2
María Del Carmen Giménez-Espert, Selene Valero-Moreno, Vicente Javier Prado-Gascó
BACKGROUND: Emotional skills are fundamental for quality service by nursing professionals, providing more personalized attention and a close relationship between the professional and patient. OBJECTIVES: To compare linear relationship models (linear regressions) and models based on comparative qualitative analysis (QCA) in the analysis of the possible influence of socio-demographic variables (age and sex), working conditions (type of contract and seniority) and academic training (type of degree and specific training) on emotional abilities (emotional intelligence and empathy) in nursing...
December 7, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552274/risk-factors-for-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-in-surgical-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#3
Kapil Gupta, Mahesh Nagappa, Arun Prasad, Lusine Abrahamyan, Jean Wong, Toby N Weingarten, Frances Chung
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to evaluate the risk factors associated with postoperative opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed-MEDLINE, MEDLINE in-process, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed and Clinicaltrials.gov (January 1946 to November 2017). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The inclusion criteria were: (1) adult patients 18 years or older who were administered opioids after surgery and developed postoperative OIRD (OIRD group); (2) all studies which reported both OIRD events and associated risk factors; (3) all studies with reported data for each risk factor on patients with no OIRD (control group) and (4) published articles in English language...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552271/poor-school-attendance-and-exclusion-a-systematic-review-protocol-on-educational-risk-factors-for-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviours
#4
Sophie Epstein, Emmert Roberts, Rosemary Sedgwick, Katie Finning, Tamsin Ford, Rina Dutta, Johnny Downs
INTRODUCTION: Schools have an important role in recognising and preventing self-harm and suicidal behaviour in their students, however little is known about which educational factors are associated with heightened risk. We will systematically review the existing evidence on two key educational performance indicators that are routinely collected by school administrative systems: school attendance and exclusion. We will investigate their association with self-harm and suicidal behaviour in school-age children and adolescents...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551974/funding-and-services-needed-to-achieve-universal-health-coverage-applications-of-global-regional-and-national-estimates-of-utilisation-of-outpatient-visits-and-inpatient-admissions-from-1990-to-2016-and-unit-costs-from-1995-to-2016
#5
Mark W Moses, Paola Pedroza, Ranju Baral, Sabina Bloom, Jonathan Brown, Abby Chapin, Kelly Compton, Erika Eldrenkamp, Nancy Fullman, John Everett Mumford, Vishnu Nandakumar, Katherine Rosettie, Nafis Sadat, Tom Shonka, Abraham Flaxman, Theo Vos, Chris J L Murray, Marcia R Weaver
BACKGROUND: To inform plans to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), we estimated utilisation and unit cost of outpatient visits and inpatient admissions, did a decomposition analysis of utilisation, and estimated additional services and funds needed to meet a UHC standard for utilisation. METHODS: We collated 1175 country-years of outpatient data on utilisation from 130 countries and 2068 country-years of inpatient data from 128 countries. We did meta-regression analyses of annual visits and admissions per capita by sex, age, location, and year with DisMod-MR, a Bayesian meta-regression tool...
December 11, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551962/radial-artery-versus-saphenous-vein-as-the-second-conduit-for-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#6
Mario Gaudino, Mohamed Rahouma, Ahmed Abouarab, Jeremy Leonard, Mohamed Kamel, Antonino Di Franco, Michelle Demetres, Derrick Y Tam, Robert Tranbaugh, Leonard N Girardi, Stephen E Fremes
OBJECTIVE: Individual studies may be limited by sample size to detect differences in late survival between radial artery (RA) or saphenous vein graft (SVG) as a second conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery. Here we undertook a meta-analysis of the best evidence available on the comparison of early and late clinical outcomes of the RA and the SVG. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for studies comparing use of the RA versus SVG for isolated coronary artery bypass surgery...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551404/reevaluation-of-the-post-marketing-safety-of-xuebijing-injection-based-on-real-world-and-evidence-based-evaluations
#7
Can Wang, Qing-Ping Shi, Feng Ding, Xiao-Dong Jiang, Wei Tang, Mei-Ling Yu, Jin-Quan Cheng
AIMS: To determine the causes of adverse reactions associated with Xuebijing injection and provide medical evidence for its safe and rational post-marketing use in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used prospective nested case-control and prescription sequence analysis designs. Using data from the Hospital Information System, patients exhibiting trigger signals after receiving Xuebijing injection were classified as suspected allergic patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed on the risk factors associated with Xuebijing-induced allergic reactions...
January 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551178/comparative-immunogenicity-of-enhanced-seasonal-influenza-vaccines-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Tiffany W Y Ng, Benjamin J Cowling, Hui Zhi Gao, Mark G Thompson
Introduction: A number of enhanced influenza vaccines have been developed for use in older adults, including the high-dose, MF59-adjuvanted, and intradermal vaccines. Methods: We conducted a systematic review examining the improvements in antibody responses measured by the hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assay associated with these enhanced vaccines, compared to each other, and compared to standard-dose vaccine using random effects models. Results: Thirty-nine trials were included...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550643/internet-based-cognitive-and-behavioural-therapies-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-adults
#9
REVIEW
Catrin Lewis, Neil P Roberts, Andrew Bethell, Lindsay Robertson, Jonathan I Bisson
BACKGROUND: Therapist-delivered trauma-focused psychological therapies are an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These have become the accepted first-line treatments for the disorder. Despite the established evidence-base for these therapies, they are not always widely available or accessible. Many barriers limit treatment uptake, such as the limited number of qualified therapists to deliver the interventions, cost, and compliance issues, such as time off work, childcare, and transportation, associated with the need to attend weekly appointments...
December 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549340/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-role-of-prenatal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-era-of-fetal-neurosonography-mild-and-moderate-ventriculomegaly
#10
REVIEW
Daniele Di Mascio, Filomena Giulia Sileo, Asma Khalil, Giuseppe Rizzo, Nicola Persico, Roberto Brunelli, Antonella Giancotti, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Ganesh Acharya, Francesco D'Antonio
OBJECTIVES: To report the rate of additional anomalies detected exclusively on prenatal MRI in fetuses affected by isolated mild or moderate ventriculomegaly (VM) according to the type of ultrasound protocol adopted (dedicated neurosonography vs standard assessment of fetal brain) and to explore whether the diagnostic performance of fetal MRI in detecting such anomalies is affected by gestational age at scan and laterality of ventricular dilatation. METHODS: The primary aim was to report the rate of additional anomalies detected exclusively on prenatal MRI in fetuses affected by isolated mild and moderate VM (ventricular dilatation between 10-15 mm) undergoing compared to those not undergoing dedicated neurosonography, defined as a detail assessment of fetal brain according to the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology guidelines...
December 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548698/permanent-pacemaker-implantation-and-paravalvular-leak-rates-following-sutureless-aortic-valve-operations
#11
REVIEW
Mohamad Lazkani, Charan Yerasi, Sheena Prakash, Ashish Pershad, Kenith Fang
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation and paravalvular leak (PVL) rates after sutureless aortic valve replacement (SuAVR) vary widely. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the incidence of new PPM implantation and PVL after SuAVR. METHODS: Studies evaluating PPM implantation and PVL rates after SuAVR were searched in Medline/PubMed, Ovid Journals, Clinicaltrials.gov, Cochrane central register of controlled trials and database. Studies with a sample size ≥10 were included in this analysis...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548483/maternal-probiotic-supplementation-for-prevention-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-preterm-infants
#12
REVIEW
Jacquelyn Grev, Marie Berg, Roger Soll
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may contribute to preterm birth and to morbidity of preterm infants. Preterm infants are at risk for alterations in the normal protective microbiome. Oral probiotics administered directly to preterm infants have been shown to decrease the risk for severe necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as well as the risk of death, but there are safety concerns about administration of probiotics directly to preterm infants. Through decreasing maternal inflammation, probiotics may play a role in preventing preterm birth and/or decreasing the inflammatory milieu surrounding delivery of preterm infants, and may alter the microbiome of the preterm infant when given to mothers during pregnancy...
December 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547769/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Kai Wei Lee, Siew Mooi Ching, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Anne Yee, Fan Kee Hoo, Yook Chin Chia, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Subapriya Suppiah, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Sajesh K Veettil
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a of the major public health issues in Asia. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for GDM in Asia via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Ovid, Scopus and ScienceDirect for observational studies in Asia from inception to August 2017. We selected cross sectional studies reporting the prevalence and risk factors for GDM. A random effects model was used to estimate the pooled prevalence of GDM and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
December 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547664/-comprehensive-approach-for-malnourished-patients-aiming-for-continuity-in-nutritional-support
#14
Francisco Botella Romero
days of hospitalization, a greater number of complementary tests, the need for artificial nutritional support and / or drugs to treat complications, which is a very important economic burden. Most patients who are malnourished, or at risk, can benefit from oral nutritional support, which includes dietary modifications (fortification, extra snacks, etc.), prescription of a personalized diet by a registered dietitian and the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). The use of ONS has shown benefits, in several meta-analysis, in weight recovery, reduction in the number of complications or hospital readmissions and functional improvement, without a reduction in the usual food intake...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547249/follow-up-efficacy-of-physical-exercise-interventions-on-fall-incidence-and-fall-risk-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Azza Hamed, Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann, Adamantios Arampatzis
BACKGROUND: The risk of falling and associated injuries increases with age. Therefore, the prevention of falls is a key priority in geriatrics and is particularly based on physical exercising, aiming to improve the age-related decline in motor performance, which is crucial in response to postural threats. Although the benefits and specifications of effective exercise programs have been well documented in pre-post design studies, that is during the treatment, the definitive retention and transfer of these fall-related exercise benefits to the daily life fall risk during follow-up periods remains largely unclear...
December 13, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545322/the-association-between-active-tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-and-growth-outcomes-of-children-under-five-years-of-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Diana Quelhas, Chytanya Kompala, Brittney Wittenbrink, Zhen Han, Megan Parker, Myra Shapiro, Shauna Downs, Klaus Kraemer, Jessica Fanzo, Saul Morris, Katharine Kreis
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable global efforts to reduce growth faltering in early childhood, rates of stunting remain high in many regions of the world. Current interventions primarily target nutrition-specific risk factors, but these have proven insufficient. The objective of this study was to synthesize the evidence on the relationship between active tobacco use during pregnancy and growth outcomes in children under five years of age. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, six online databases were searched to identify studies published from January 1, 1980, through October 31, 2016, examining the association between active tobacco use during pregnancy and small-for-gestational age (SGA), length/height, and/or head circumference...
December 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545234/-comprehensive-approach-for-malnourished-patients-aiming-for-continuity-in-nutritional-support
#17
Francisco Botella Romero
days of hospitalization, a greater number of complementary tests, the need for artificial nutritional support and / or drugs to treat complications, which is a very important economic burden. Most patients who are malnourished, or at risk, can benefit from oral nutritional support, which includes dietary modifications (fortification, extra snacks, etc.), prescription of a personalized diet by a registered dietitian and the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). The use of ONS has shown benefits, in several meta-analysis, in weight recovery, reduction in the number of complications or hospital readmissions and functional improvement, without a reduction in the usual food intake...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544873/the-effects-of-mind-body-exercise-on-cognitive-performance-in-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Yanjie Zhang, Chunxiao Li, Liye Zou, Xiaolei Liu, Wook Song
Background : As the situation of cognitive aging is getting worse, preventing or treating cognitive decline through effective strategies is highly important. This systematic review aims to investigate whether mind-body exercise is an effective approach for treating cognition decline. Methods : Searches for the potential studies were performed on the eight electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, PsycArtilces, CNKI, and Wanfang). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of mind-body exercise on cognitive performance in older adults were included...
December 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544416/atrial-fibrillation-in-athletes-and-general-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Xiangdan Li, Songbiao Cui, Dongchun Xuan, Chunhua Xuan, Dongyuan Xu
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of heart arrhythmia, but the impact of long-term, high-intensity endurance exercise on the risk of AF remains uncertain. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases were searched till Nov 2017 to retrieve the articles. The included studies were summarized, pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Both fixed and random effects models were used to combine the data...
December 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544374/aggressiveness-of-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Emmanuel Ii Uy Hao, Ho Kyung Hwang, Dong-Sub Yoon, Woo Jung Lee, Chang Moo Kang
BACKGROUND: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) of the pancreas are rare tumors considered to be benign although 10% to 15% of SPNs have been reported to be aggressive. Due to its rarity, there have only been a few cases reported regarding the clinical course of patients with aggressive SPNs. The goal of this study is to describe the clinical course of patients diagnosed with aggressive SPNs. METHODS: A PubMed search was done looking for articles describing the clinical course of patients diagnosed with SPN that locally invaded, recurred, or metastasized...
December 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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