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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#1
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467005/real-time-simulation-of-soft-tissue-deformation-and-electrocautery-procedures-in-laparoscopic-rectal-cancer-radical-surgery
#2
Yuan Sui, Jun J Pan, Hong Qin, Hao Liu, Yun Lu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery (LS), also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, is a modern surgical technique which is widely applied. The fulcrum effect makes LS a non-intuitive motor skill with a steep learning curve. METHODS: A hybrid model of tetrahedrons and a multi-layer triangular mesh are constructed to simulate the deformable behavior of the rectum and surrounding tissues in the Position-Based Dynamics (PBD) framework. A heat-conduction based electric-burn technique is employed to simulate the electrocautery procedure...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458495/hemifacial-microsomia-clinicoradiological-insight-and-report-of-a-case
#3
Nidhi Chhabra, Anuj Chhabra
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation characterized by deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissue on one side of the face. It is primarily a syndrome of the first branchial arch, involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, mandibular ramus, ear and, occasionally, defects in facial nerve and muscles. CASE DETAILS: The clinical and radiological manifestations of a 14-year-old male patient having hemifacial microsomia is highlighted in this article to enhance our knowledge and diagnostic skill of this rare entity...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450463/what-does-patient-feedback-reveal-about-the-nhs-a-mixed-methods-study-of-comments-posted-to-the-nhs-choices-online-service
#4
Gavin Brookes, Paul Baker
OBJECTIVE: To examine the key themes of positive and negative feedback in patients' online feedback on NHS (National Health Service) services in England and to understand the specific issues within these themes and how they drive positive and negative evaluation. DESIGN: Computer-assisted quantitative and qualitative studies of 228 113 comments (28 971 142 words) of online feedback posted to the NHS Choices website. Comments containing the most frequent positive and negative evaluative words are qualitatively examined to determine the key drivers of positive and negative feedback...
April 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426558/combat-surgical-workload-in-oif-oef-the-definitive-analysis
#5
Caryn A Turner, Zsolt T Stockinger, Jennifer M Gurney
BACKGROUND: Relatively few publications exist on surgical workload in the deployed military setting. This study analyses U.S. Military combat surgical workload in Iraq and Afghanistan to gain a more thorough understanding of surgical training gaps and personnel requirements. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was performed for all Role 2 (R2) and Role 3 (R3) Military Treatment Facilities (MTFs), from January 2001 to May 2016...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423440/-results-after-distal-digital-replantation-is-it-worth-the-effort
#6
David Braig, Jan R Thiele, Vincenzo Penna, G Björn Stark, Steffen U Eisenhardt
There are only relative indications for distal digital replantation in zones 1 and 2 according to Tamai. In contrast to primary closure for fingertip amputations, replantation is a complex procedure that requires skills in supermicrosurgical techniques, as vessels with diameters between 0.3-0.8 mm are connected. In addition the time spent in hospital and the time off from work are longer. Distal digital replantation is thus only indicated, if the expected functional and aesthetic benefits surmount those of primary closure...
February 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383620/-integrated-project-of-personalisation-school-curricula-and-training
#7
A Zanon, R Tomassoni, N Santangelo, M Gargano, E Treglia, M G Granai, A Incagnoli
OBJECTIVES: To strengthen the motivation to study, promote awareness of their attitudes and actions of orientation / re-orientation to the profession, making the learning experience more stimulating and training in order to staunch the sharp drop-out affecting the school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The project, coordinated by psychologists, involved the administration of AMOS Test as a tool to detect the variables of interest (self-image, ambitions and motivations, concerns for the future, soft skills etc...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382123/parental-expectation-from-children-with-cochlear-implants-in-indian-context-a-questionnaire-based-study
#8
Prawin Kumar, Himanshu Kumar Sanju, Rajkishor Mishra, Varun Singh, Priyanka Mohan
Introduction Parental support is important in the habilitation/rehabilitation of children using cochlear implant devices. Hence, it is important for families to know the realistic expectations regarding outcomes from CIs. Objective The objective of the present study is to know the parents' expectation from children using CIs. Methods For this study, we recruited 23 parents of children using CIs. We administered 15 questions translated in to Hindi related to communication abilities, social skills, academic achievement, change in future life, rehabilitation demand, and stress due to hearing impairment...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377659/animal-bite-injuries-in-children-review-of-literature-and-case-series
#9
REVIEW
Aviral Agrawal, Pradeep Kumar, Ruchi Singhal, Virendra Singh, Amrish Bhagol
INTRODUCTION: Maxillofacial region in children is particularly vulnerable to animal bite injuries. These injuries may range from insignificant scratches to life-threatening neck and facial injuries. Children are the common victims, particularly of dog bites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cases of animal bite injuries in children with their clinical presentation and their management are being presented along with review of literature. Surgical management included cleansing and primary closure of the wound...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373970/a-review-of-global-health-competencies-for-postgraduate-public-health-education
#10
REVIEW
Shailendra Sawleshwarkar, Joel Negin
During the last decade, the literature about global health has grown exponentially. Academic institutions are also exploring the scope of their public health educational programs to meet the demand for a global health professional. This has become more relevant in the context of the sustainable development goals. There have been attempts to describe global health competencies for specific professional groups. The focus of these competencies has been variable with a variety of different themes being described ranging from globalization and health care, analysis and program management, as well as equity and capacity strengthening...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368133/10-keys-for-successful-esthetic-zone-single-immediate-implants
#11
Robert A Levine, Jeffrey Ganeles, Luiz Gonzaga, Joseph K Kan, Harry Randel, Chris D Evans, Stephen T Chen
The 10 keys for successful esthetic-zone single immediate implants encapsulate in an evidencebased manner the treatment planning and replacement of single hopeless teeth in the maxillary anterior sextant. These include 2 treatment-planning, 5 surgical, and 3 prosthetic keys, which, collectively, aim to minimize soft- and hard-tissue complications for an optimal esthetic implant restoration. The straightforward, advanced, and complex (SAC) classification was designed to aid clinicians in the treatment planning of dental implant cases...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314070/long-lasting-effects-of-chronic-heavy-cannabis-abuse
#12
Joannis N Nestoros, Elena Vakonaki, Manolis N Tzatzarakis, Athanasios Alegakis, Markos D Skondras, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of short-term memory impairment and schizophrenia-like symptoms in heavy and systematic cannabis users and the association between the severity of abuse and the longevity of its persistent symptoms after refraining from such use. METHODS: A complete psychiatric examination and a psychometric evaluation were performed in 48 solely cannabis users. Additionally, head hair samples were analyzed and the detected cannabinoids levels were correlated with the psychometric findings...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298747/benefits-and-pitfalls-of-cadavers-as-learning-tool-for-ultrasound-guided-regional-anesthesia
#13
REVIEW
Chhavi Sawhney, Sanjeev Lalwani, Bikash Ranjan Ray, Sumit Sinha, Abhyuday Kumar
Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA), like other basic skills, should be learnt in a simulation laboratory before performing on the patient. Cadavers provide an ideal tool for learning sonoanatomy and skills required for performing UGRA. On the basis of preservation technique used, the cadavers can be formalin embalmed cadavers, Thiel cadavers (soft cadavers), and fresh frozen cadavers. We compared three types of cadavers for performing ultrasound-guided upper and lower limb blocks. We observed that fresh frozen and Thiel cadavers were less smelling and had more realistic appearance as compared to formalin embalmed cadavers...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290966/ultrasound-detection-of-soft-tissue-abscesses-performed-by-non-physician-u-s-army-medical-providers-na%C3%A3-ve-to-diagnostic-sonography
#14
Mike LaDuke, Jon Monti, Aaron Cronin, Bart Gillum
BACKGROUND: Patients commonly present to emergency rooms and primary care clinics with cellulitic skin infections with or without abscess formation. In military operational units, non-physician medical personnel provide most primary and initial emergency medical care. The objective of this study was to determine if, after minimal training, Army physician assistants and medics could use portable ultrasound (US) machines to detect superficial soft tissue abscesses. METHODS: This was a single-blinded, randomized, prospective observational study conducted over the course of 2 days at a military installation...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220187/-emergency-medical-training-through-simulation-always-the-same-for-everyone
#15
REVIEW
A Schaumberg, T Schröder, M Sander
Simulation assumes a growing importance in the field of emergency medical education. Many rescue service schools work with simulators or even have their own simulation center. Classic resuscitation training in the classroom is increasingly being replaced by realistic case scenarios. But simulators themselves do not train! Using a simulator in emergency medical training does not necessarily mean achieving sustained learning success among the participants. Depending on the skills, abilities or competences being taught, there seems to be different requirements for simulation...
March 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214519/detection-and-quantification-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-in-environmental-samples-a-review-of-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Gulshan Singh, Thor Axel Stenström, Poovendhree Reddy
It is estimated that over a billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) globally with majority occurring in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus) are the main species infecting people. These infections are mostly gained through exposure to faecally contaminated water, soil or contaminated food and with an increase in the risk of infections due to wastewater and sludge reuse in agriculture...
May 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193204/development-of-a-wheelchair-mobility-skills-test-for-children-and-adolescents-combining-evidence-with-clinical-expertise
#17
Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot, Janke Frederike de Groot
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no outcome measure available for the evaluation of WMS in children. Several wheelchair mobility outcome measures have been developed for adults, but none of these have been validated in children. Therefore the objective of this study is to develop a WMS outcome measure for children using the current knowledge from literature in combination with the clinical expertise of health care professionals, children and their parents...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176889/cadaver-based-abscess-model-for-medical-training
#18
Michael Stanley Ellis, Joseph T Nelson, Jeffrey Zane Kartchner, Karl Andrew Yousef, William J Adamas-Rappaport, Richard Amini
Ultrasound imaging is a rapid and noninvasive tool ideal for the imaging of soft tissue infections and is associated with a change of clinician management plans in 50% of cases. We developed a realistic skin abscess diagnostic and therapeutic training model using fresh frozen cadavers and common, affordable materials. Details for construction of the model and suggested variations are presented. This cadaver-based abscess model produces high-quality sonographic images with internal echogenicity similar to a true clinical abscess, and is ideal for teaching sonographic diagnostic skills in addition to the technical skills of incision and drainage or needle aspiration...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163571/prevalence-patterns-and-correlates-of-equestrian-injuries-in-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Nizar A Majeedkutty, Nor A B Khairulanuar
BACKGROUND: Equestrian sport carries with it an implicit risk of injury. Despite the frequency of injuries in equestrian sports, there is no published study on injuries of equestrian athletes in Malaysia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of injuries and its correlates among horseback riders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based standardized questionnaire was used to collect data for this cross-sectional survey...
January 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160906/thumb-reconstruction-with-thin-proximal-ulnar-perforator-free-flap
#20
REVIEW
Mario Cherubino, Martina Corno, Luigi Valdatta, Roberto Adani
Soft tissue defects of the thumb with exposure of tendons, periosteum, or neurovascular bundles require a complex reconstruction aimed at restoring both skin coverage and the essential function of pinching and manipulation. When large defects are involved, a free tissue transfer is indicated. The proximal ulnar perforator flap represents an interesting solution without the drawbacks of other more widespread free flaps. This report describes the case of a patient with a squamous cell carcinoma of the thumb that required circumferential resection of the soft tissue of the distal phalanx and the interphalangeal joint...
February 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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