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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#1
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#2
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041781/nursing-students-perceptions-of-soft-skills-training-in-ghana
#3
Luke Laari, Barbara M Dube
BACKGROUND: The quality of nursing care rendered today is markedly reducing and the amount of time spent with patients listening to and explaining issues concerning their conditions is gradually diminishing. The therapeutic touch and the listening ear of the nurse are no longer accessible to the patient. Understanding what non-technical skills are and their relevance for healthcare practitioners has become a new area of consideration. Although recent literature has highlighted the necessity of introducing soft skills training and assessment within medical education, nursing education is yet to fully embrace this skills training...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034696/development-of-the-supported-employment-comprehensive-cognitive-enhancement-and-social-skills-program-for-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-results-of-initial-study
#4
Mary J Baker-Ericzén, Meghan A Fitch, Mikaela Kinnear, Melissa M Jenkins, Elizabeth W Twamley, Linda Smith, Gabriel Montano, Joshua Feder, Pamela J Crooke, Michelle G Winner, Juan Leon
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of functional disabilities as each impact employment. This initial pilot study is an open trial investigation of the feasibility, acceptability, and initial estimates of outcomes for the newly developed Supported Employment, Comprehensive Cognitive Enhancement, and Social Skills intervention, a manualized "soft skills" curriculum, to enhance both cognitive and social development in adults with autism spectrum...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988275/risk-factors-and-preventative-measures-of-early-and-persistent-dysphagia-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jingwei Liu, Yong Hai, Nan Kang, Xiaolong Chen, Yangpu Zhang
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of literature to determine risk factors and preventative measures of early and persistent dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery (ACSS). METHODS: On March 2017, we searched the database PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, Clinical key, Springer link and Wiley Online Library without time restriction using the term 'dysphagia', 'swallowing disorders', and 'anterior cervical spine surgery'. Selected papers were examined for the level of evidence by published guidelines as level I, level II, level III, level IV studies...
October 7, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987833/training-of-intra-axial-brain-tumor-resection-using-a-self-made-simple-device-with-agar-and-gelatin
#6
Toshihiro Mashiko, Hirohumi Oguma, Takehiko Konno, Akira Gomi, Takashi Yamaguchi, Rie Nagayama, Makoto Sato, Ryo Iwase, Kensuke Kawai
INTRODUCTION: Self-made devices composed of agar and gelatin gel were used for resident training in intra-axial brain tumor resection. The mixture gel of agar and gelatin is retractable and can be suctioned. Hardness of the gel depends on the concentration of the solution. Therefore, by changing the concentration, it is easy to make gels of various hardness. METHODS: In this study, a mass of gel that looked like a tumor was placed into another gel that looked like the brain...
October 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953071/applying-machine-learning-to-workers-compensation-data-to-identify-industry-specific-ergonomic-and-safety-prevention-priorities-ohio-2001-to-2011
#7
Alysha R Meyers, Ibraheem S Al-Tarawneh, Steven J Wurzelbacher, P Timothy Bushnell, Michael P Lampl, Jennifer L Bell, Stephen J Bertke, David C Robins, Chih-Yu Tseng, Chia Wei, Jill A Raudabaugh, Teresa M Schnorr
OBJECTIVE: This study leveraged a state workers' compensation claims database and machine learning techniques to target prevention efforts by injury causation and industry. METHODS: Injury causation auto-coding methods were developed to code more than 1.2 million Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation claims for this study. Industry groups were ranked for soft-tissue musculoskeletal claims that may have been preventable with biomechanical ergonomic (ERGO) or slip/trip/fall (STF) interventions...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951136/exploring-employer-job-requirements-an-analysis-of-pharmacy-job-announcements
#8
James S Wheeler, Tien Ngo, Jasmine Cecil, Nancy Borja-Hart
OBJECTIVES: Postgraduate training, dual degrees, and board certifications are credentials viewed by academic pharmacy communities and professional organizations as positive assets for those seeking pharmacist jobs; however, a key question merits further investigation: do these views match employer expectations? The primary objective of this study was to identify the most common qualifications employers require as stated in job advertisements. METHODS: Pharmacist job postings from the aggregate jobs website Indeed...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948328/open-fracture-management-in-low-resource-settings-a-medical-training-experience-in-cambodian-hospitals
#9
Nenad B Tajsic, Puon Sambath, Sophy Nguon, Vannara Sokh, Virak Chheang, Gaute Landsem, Ivan Zaletel, Hans Husum
INTRODUCTION: A prospective interventional study has been carried out on the teaching effect and sustainability of low-cost trauma training program in open tibia fracture management for health workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2007, an external fixator and a patella-bearing orthosis were developed at a rural workshop in Cambodia. From 2010 to 2016, a core group of nine Cambodian health workers was trained in open fracture management by Norwegian senior surgeons, using the locally made fixator and brace...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889272/methylmercury-induced-neurotoxicity-focus-on-pro-oxidative-events-and-related-consequences
#10
Marcelo Farina, Michael Aschner
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a highly neurotoxic environmental pollutant. Even though molecular mechanisms mediating MeHg toxicity are not completely understood, several lines of evidence indicate that the neurotoxic effects resultant from MeHg exposure represent a consequence of its pro-oxidative properties. In this regard, MeHg is a soft electrophile that preferentially interacts with (and oxidize) nucleophilic groups (mainly thiols and selenols) from biomolecules, including proteins and low-molecular-weight molecules...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889170/embedding-volunteer-activity-into-paramedic-education
#11
Linda Ross, Sophia Kabidi
BACKGROUND: Paramedics require a wide range of skills that are beyond clinical or technical skills in order to meet the demands of the role and provide quality and compassionate care to patients. Non-technical or "soft" skills and attributes are generally challenging to teach and develop in the classroom setting. Volunteerism provides an opportunity for students to gain exposure to different communities and develop interpersonal skills. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used one-on-one interviews with 12 third-year Bachelor of Emergency Health (Paramedic) students from Monash University, Australia, who completed a community volunteering program...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888319/systems-based-practice-in-burn-care-prevention-management-and-economic-impact-of-health-care-associated-infections
#12
REVIEW
Charles Scott Hultman, David van Duin, Emily Sickbert-Bennett, Lauren M DiBiase, Samuel W Jones, Bruce A Cairns, David J Weber
Health care-associated infections in burn patients, from ventilator-associated pneumonia to skin and soft tissue infections, can substantially compromise outcomes, because these complications are associated with longer lengths of stay, increased morbidity and mortality, and greater direct medical costs. Health care-associated infections are largely preventable, through surveillance, education, appropriate hand hygiene, and culture change, especially for device-related infections. Systems-based practice, which allows individuals and clinical microsystems to navigate and improve the macro health care system, may be one of the most powerful skill sets to effect change, permitting a shift in culture toward patient safety and quality improvement...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856984/health-and-equity-in-all-policies-in-local-government-processes-and-outcomes-in-two-norwegian-municipalities
#13
Dina Von Heimburg, Berit Hakkebo
AIMS: To identify key factors in implementing Health and Equity in All Policies (HEiAP) at the local level in two Norwegian municipalities in order to accelerate the progress of promoting health, well-being and equity in other local governments. APPROACH: This case study is presented as a narrative from policy-making processes in two Norwegian municipalities. The story is told from an insider perspective, with a focus on HEiAP policy makers in these two municipalities...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808567/community-based-saving-groups-an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-the-financial-and-social-barriers-in-health-care-seeking-by-the-women-in-the-rural-remote-communities-of-pakistan
#14
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Qayyum Noorani, Shazia Abbas
BACKGROUND: In remote rural areas of Pakistan, access to the maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) care provided by a skilled health provider is quite difficult. There are many reasons such as women's restricted social mobility, lack of education, disenfranchised in decision making and poverty. To overcome these barriers and impediments in district Chitral, which is the largest territory in terms of geography in province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, local women of reproductive age, were mobilized to form the Community Based Saving Groups (CBSGs) at the village level...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795411/does-ultrasound-enhanced-instruction-of-musculoskeletal-anatomy-improve-physical-examination-skills-of-first-year-medical-students
#15
Bryant J Walrod, Allison Schroeder, Mark J Conroy, Laura C Boucher, Marcia Bockbrader, David P Way, Kendra L McCamey, Clinton A Hartz, Michael A Jonesco, David P Bahner
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to teach basic anatomy to medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether learning musculoskeletal anatomy with ultrasound improved performance on medical students' musculoskeletal physical examination skills. METHODS: Twenty-seven first-year medical students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 instructional groups: either shoulder or knee. Both groups received a lecture followed by hands-on ultrasound scanning on live human models of the assigned joint...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766752/unlocking-opportunities-in-food-design-for-infants-children-and-the-elderly-understanding-milestones-in-chewing-and-swallowing-across-the-lifespan-for-new-innovations
#16
REVIEW
Julie A Y Cichero
Intake of a variety of foods increases the likelihood of good general health. From as early as life in utero, humans are exposed to flavor. Further flavor imprinting occurs via breast milk, increasing the likelihood of acceptance of a variety flavors when solids are introduced. While first foods need to be smooth and runny, experience managing soft lumps is required for rudimentary development of chewing skills. Texture experiences are critical to providing building blocks for food acceptance and gradual increase in the range of food textures eaten...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#17
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians, specifically which leadership and management contents are beneficial to their daily clinical work and whether these contents support their individual career. METHOD: E-mail invitations to participate in the study were sent to all 543 medical doctors of the University Hospital Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in one of the leadership and management courses offered between June 2005 and June 2015...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741729/influence-of-timing-of-delayed-hard-palate-closure-on-articulation-skills-in-3-year-old-danish-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#18
Elisabeth Willadsen, Maria Boers, Antje Schöps, Mia Kisling-Møller, Joan Bogh Nielsen, Line Dahl Jørgensen, Mikael Andersen, Stig Bolund, Helene Søgaard Andersen
BACKGROUND: Differing results regarding articulation skills in young children with cleft palate (CP) have been reported and often interpreted as a consequence of different surgical protocols. AIMS: To assess the influence of different timing of hard palate closure in a two-stage procedure on articulation skills in 3-year-olds born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Secondary aims were to compare results with peers without CP, and to investigate if there are gender differences in articulation skills...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725933/-callus-distraction-and-bone-transport-in-the-treatment-of-bone-defects
#19
REVIEW
R Baumgart, B Schuster, T Baumgart
BACKGROUND: The method of "callus distraction" is the only technique which spontaneously produces vascularized bone within the surrounding soft tissues during lengthening reconstructive procedures. Remodeling of the regenerate bone to specific mechanical load can be influenced by the surgeon. In principle, there is no limit to the amount of new bone formation which can be created; this vascularized bone is both resistant to infection and can be created to replace resected infected bone...
August 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701971/facilitating-social-play-for-children-with-pdds-effects-of-paired-robotic-devices
#20
Soichiro Matsuda, Eleuda Nunez, Masakazu Hirokawa, Junichi Yamamoto, Kenji Suzuki
Interacting with toys and other people is fundamental for developing social communication skills. However, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are characterized by having a significant impairment in social interaction, which often leads to deficits in play skills. For this reason, methods of teaching play skills to young children with ASD have been well documented. Although previous studies have examined a variety of instructional strategies for teaching skills, few studies have evaluated the potential of using robotic devices...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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