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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442297/a-single-center-cost-analysis-of-treating-primary-and-metastatic-brain-cancers-with-either-brain-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-litt-or-craniotomy
#1
Eric C Leuthardt, Jeff Voigt, Albert H Kim, Pete Sylvester
BACKGROUND: Brain laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance has recently gained US clinical approval for the ablation of soft, neurological tissue. LITT is a minimally invasive alternative to craniotomy. OBJECTIVE: While safety and efficacy are the focus of most current LITT studies, it is unclear how acute care costs (inpatient care ± aftercare) of LITT compare to craniotomy in an academic medical center. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis is to examine these costs of using brain LITT under MRI guidance compared to craniotomy in complex anatomies...
March 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438116/analysis-of-football-injuries-by-position-group-in-division-i-college-football-a-5-year-program-review
#2
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate injury characteristics by position groups. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: A single, major Division I collegiate football program. PARTICIPANTS: All players on a collegiate football program each fall regular season. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Exposure to Division I collegiate football and position groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injury rates (IRs) per 1000 athlete exposures (AEs) and injury rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated and analyzed for all monitored injury variables, which included time in the season, body part, type of injury, game and practice injuries, mechanism of injury, and type of exposure...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436802/les-attentes-des-%C3%A3-tudiants-de-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-ration-y-en-formation-param%C3%A3-dicale%C3%A2-des-comp%C3%A3-tences-acad%C3%A3-miques-mais-aussi-non-acad%C3%A3-miques
#3
Cynthia Engels
Generation Y's (born between 1981 and 1999) educational approach in healthcare studies raises questions about their expectations and which teaching methods to use with this generation. The study involved third year students of occupational therapy. One hundred and twelve students were consulted in September 2012 and September 2013 about their expectations regarding the courses and the teaching methods which were offered. Results allowed to highlight firstly the importance of the usefulness of the course and secondly expectations regarding the teachers' soft skills...
February 2, 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419594/rate-of-relapse-after-enucleation-of-solid-multicystic-ameloblastoma-followed-by-piezoelectric-or-conventional-peripheral-ostectomy
#4
Giuseppe Troiano, Alessandra Inghingolo, Rosario Serpico, Domenico Ciavarella, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Gabriele Cervino, Marco Cicciù, Luigi Laino
The use of piezo surgery is characterized by a good cutting ability associated with a higher soft tissues respect. Such skills have led to an increment of the use of such systematic in the clinical practice. The aim of this study was to figure out whether the use of piezo surgery may show clinical advantages when enucleation is followed by peripheral ostectomy for the treatment of solid/multicystic ameloblastoma. A retrospective case-control study was performed, including patients treated with piezo surgery or conventional drilling in a single center in Italy...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404639/ct-colonography-interpretation-how-to-maximize-polyp-detection-and-minimize-overcalling
#5
Seong Ho Park, David H Kim
This article outlines how to achieve maximum accuracy in interpreting CT colonography (CTC) regarding colonic findings. Interpreting extracolonic findings seen on CTC is a separate diagnostic task and will not be addressed in this article. While many interpretive pitfalls are in fact related to CTC techniques, this article focuses on issues that are related to interpretive knowledge and skills, avoiding in-depth discussions on CTC techniques. Principal methods and further tips for detecting possible polyp candidates and for confirming true soft-tissue polyps will be discussed...
February 5, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399428/comparison-of-live-versus-online-instruction-of-a-novel-soft-skills-course-in-mongolia
#6
Aditya Mahadevan, Matthew C Strehlow, Khandregzen Dorjsuren, Jennifer A Newberry
Background Soft skills are essential for employee success in the global marketplace; however, many developing countries lack content experts to provide the requisite instruction to an emerging workforce. One possible solution is to use an online, open-access curriculum. To date, no studies on soft skills curricula using an online learning platform have been undertaken in Mongolia. Objective To evaluate the efficacy of an online versus classroom platform to deliver a novel soft skills course in Mongolia. Methods A series of eight lectures along with corresponding surveys and multiple choice question tests were developed and translated into the Mongolian language...
November 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388789/controlled-palatal-harvest-technique-for-harvesting-a-palatal-subepithelial-connective-tissue-graft
#7
Neel B Bhatavadekar, Amit S Gharpure
Subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTGs) have been extensively used to augment soft-tissue volume on dental implants and natural teeth. The authors present a technique called the controlled palatal harvest (CPH) to obtain SCTGs. CPH provides an alternative to the trap-door and single-incision techniques currently utilized. The objective of this article is to describe this harvesting technique for SCTGs. A case report is presented in which the CPH technique was successfully used to obtain a SCTG. Contrary to current techniques where the SCTG is usually taken from the palatal (bone) side, this technique involves the dissection of a thick split-thickness flap in which the graft is harvested from the raised flap...
February 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384581/tips-and-trends-to-start-the-new-year
#8
Michael R Bleich
With the New Year comes the opportunity to set goals and advance training and development opportunities for leaders. This article presents five tips and five trends that serve as prognosticators for the coming year, including tips to influence time management and leadership impact and trends, such as sexual harassment training and "soft" skills development, which are now core skills for team success. A shift from hierarchical structures to network- and relationship-centered webs for advanced problem solving is also projected...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383077/development-of-a-novel-ultrasound-guided-peritonsillar-abscess-model-for-simulation-training
#9
Vivienne Ng, Jennifer Plitt, David Biffar
Introduction: Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is the most common deep space infection of the head and neck presenting to emergency departments.1 No commercial PTA task trainer exists for simulation training. Thus, resident physicians often perform their first PTA needle aspiration in the clinical setting, knowing that carotid artery puncture and hemorrhage are serious and devastating complications. While several low-fidelity PTA task trainers have been previously described, none allow for ultrasound image acquisition...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358040/collaborate-or-collapse-capacity-building-in-zoonotic-and-neglected-tropical-disease-modelling
#10
Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain, Maria-Gloria Basáñez
We share the insights from a successful collaboration in organizing and implementing an international scientific capacity-building workshop in Malaysia titled Mathematical Modelling of Neglected Infectious Diseases: Capacity Building in Southeast Asia. This workshop focused on the delivery of technical know-how and on essential soft skills related to effective grant proposal writing and networking.
January 18, 2018: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344461/using-role-plays-as-an-empathy-education-tool-for-ophthalmology-postgraduate
#11
Kirti Singh, Mainak Bhattacharyya, Vikas Veerwal, Arshi Singh
Purpose: To assess the role of an "empathy sensitizing module" (ESM) in ophthalmology postgraduates in promoting effective empathetic communication. Methodology: Thirty-nine ophthalmology postgraduates were taught effective empathetic communication using specially designed module, comprising of five illustrative role-plays. We evaluated the impact of the training by (a) self-assessment of empathy quotient by residents using Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE scale) before and 6 weeks after ESM training and (b) nonparticipant observation (NPO) by trained faculty in real-life settings over the next 4 months...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344459/module-for-interns-in-medical-ethics-a-developmental-diegesis
#12
Rajiv Mahajan, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Tanvir Kaur Sidhu, Upinder Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Vitull Gupta
Background: Media report is rife with incidences of doctor-patients' conflict, and this partly is due to communication gap and unethical practices being adopted by the doctors. Our regular curriculum fails to impart any training in ethical issues in patient care. Imparting training to students in these soft-skills is the need of the hour. Aim and Objectives: To develop a module for interns in medical ethics (MIME) in patient care, validate it and pilot run the module for standardization...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344453/introduction-of-medical-humanities-in-mbbs-1st-year
#13
Shaista M Saiyad, Swapnil J Paralikar, Anita P Verma
Context: Most vital areas of patient management such as empathy, professionalism, and ethics are lacking in fresh undergraduates. These areas are considered to be part of hidden curriculum, and as these are not formally taught, we lack competent medical graduates. Introduction of medical humanities (MH) early in the medical curriculum can help to inculcate required soft skills. Aims: This study aims to develop, administer, and evaluate MH module in 1st year MBBS students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341249/reconstruction-of-an-upper-posterior-thigh-extensive-defect-with-a-free-split-anterolateral-thigh-s-alt-flap-by-perforator-to-perforator-anastomosis-a-case-report
#14
Mario F Scaglioni, Andrè A Barth, Pietro Giovanoli
The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is one of the most commonly used flap worldwide in reconstructive surgery, as both free flap and pedicled local flap. Here, we report the use of a free split anterolateral thigh (s-ALT) flap for reconstruction of a 14 cm × 16 cm soft tissue defect of the left upper posterior thigh region due to sarcoma resection in a patient. The ALT flap was harvested based on two musculocutaneous perforators from the right thigh and anastomosed to the contralateral descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA) in perforator-to-perforator manner, in order to gain more pedicle length and being able to cover the posterior thigh defect...
January 17, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301562/technical-realization-of-a-sensorized-neonatal-intubation-skill-trainer-for-operators-retraining-and-a-pilot-study-for-its-validation
#15
Davide Panizza, Rosa T Scaramuzzo, Francesca Moscuzza, Ilaria Vannozzi, Massimiliano Ciantelli, Marzia Gentile, Ilaria Baldoli, Selene Tognarelli, Antonio Boldrini, Armando Cuttano
BACKGROUND: In neonatal endotracheal intubation, excessive pressure on soft tissues during laryngoscopy can determine permanent injury. Low-fidelity skill trainers do not give valid feedback about this issue. This study describes the technical realization and validation of an active neonatal intubation skill trainer providing objective feedback. METHODS: We studied expert health professionals' performances in neonatal intubation, underlining chance for procedure retraining...
January 4, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287677/fidelity-or-flexibility-an-ethnographic-study-of-the-implementation-and-use-of-the-patient-activation-measure
#16
Sarah Chew, Liz Brewster, Carolyn Tarrant, Graham Martin, Natalie Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the PAM in the English National Health service. The PAM is a validated scale that measures 'activation' (people's knowledge, skills, and confidence in managing their health) and assigns patients to four categories of activation (low-to-high). Some evidence suggests that higher activation levels correlate to better clinical outcomes and patient experiences, and lower healthcare costs. Empirical studies of implementing the PAM are scarce. METHODS: An ethnographic study of six healthcare organisations' PAM implementation focused on 'core-teams' who designed projects, and frontline staff and patients' experiences of those...
December 19, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234919/-soft-skills-somewhat-different-doping
#17
REVIEW
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192800/development-of-an-interprofessional-lean-facilitator-assessment-scale
#18
Cindy Bravo-Sanchez, Vincent Dorazio, Robert Denmark, Albert J Heuer, J Scott Parrott
High reliability is important for optimising quality and safety in healthcare organisations. Reliability efforts include interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) and Lean quality/process improvement strategies, which require skilful facilitation. Currently, no validated Lean facilitator assessment tool for interprofessional collaboration exists. This article describes the development and pilot evaluation of such a tool; the Interprofessional Lean Facilitator Assessment Scale (ILFAS), which measures both technical and 'soft' skills, which have not been measured in other instruments...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181795/comparison-of-3d-echocardiogram-derived-3d-printed-valve-models-to-molded-models-for-simulated-repair-of-pediatric-atrioventricular-valves
#19
Adam B Scanlan, Alex V Nguyen, Anna Ilina, Andras Lasso, Linnea Cripe, Anusha Jegatheeswaran, Elizabeth Silvestro, Francis X McGowan, Christopher E Mascio, Stephanie Fuller, Thomas L Spray, Meryl S Cohen, Gabor Fichtinger, Matthew A Jolley
Mastering the technical skills required to perform pediatric cardiac valve surgery is challenging in part due to limited opportunity for practice. Transformation of 3D echocardiographic (echo) images of congenitally abnormal heart valves to realistic physical models could allow patient-specific simulation of surgical valve repair. We compared materials, processes, and costs for 3D printing and molding of patient-specific models for visualization and surgical simulation of congenitally abnormal heart valves...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157032/pain-fatigue-function-and-participation-among-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users-partnered-with-a-mobility-service-dog
#20
Claude Vincent, Dany H Gagnon, Frédéric Dumont
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of a mobility service dog (MSD) on pain, fatigue, wheelchair-related functional tasks, participation and satisfaction among manual wheelchair users over a nine-month period. METHOD: A longitudinal study with repeated assessment times before and three, six and nine months after intervention was achieved. Intervention consisted in partnering each participant with a MSD. The setting is a well-established provincial service dog training school and participants homes...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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