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Ruchita Dixit, Sowmya Nettem, Simerjit S Madan, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Leah D Vance, Patrick J Stover
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of disorders that affects haemoglobin, which causes distorted sickle- or crescent-shaped red blood cells. It is characterized by anaemia, increased susceptibility to infections and episodes of pain. The disease is acquired by inheriting abnormal genes from both parents, the combination giving rise to different forms of the disease. Due to increased erythropoiesis in people with SCD, it is hypothesized that they are at an increased risk for folate deficiency...
March 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Guo Yan-Li, Zou Yong-Gen, Xie Yi-Qing, Chen Hong, He Ming-Zhen, Lü Lai-Fu, Huang Li-Zhong, Jin Xiao-Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of major parasitic diseases and related knowledge, attitude and practice among rural residents in Liyang City, so as to provide the evidence for formulating appropriate preventive strategies and measures. METHODS: Three villages were selected from three towns as survey sites, and the residents who were above three years old and had been in the village for over six months were investigated. The Kato-Katz technique was applied to detect intestinal parasite eggs in residents' feces, and the cellophane anal swab was used to detect Enterobius vermicularis eggs among children aged 3-6 years...
September 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Li-Hao Huang, Elaina M Melton, Haibo Li, Paul Sohn, DaeYoung Jung, Ching-Yi Tsai, Tian Ma, Hiroyuki Sano, HyeKyung Ha, Randall H Friedline, Jason K Kim, Edward Usherwood, Catherine Cy Chang, Ta-Yuan Chang
Macrophages are phagocytes that play important roles in health and diseases. Acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase 1 [ACAT1] converts cellular cholesterol to cholesteryl esters, and is expressed in many cell types. Unlike global Acat1 knockout [KO], myeloid-specific Acat1 KO [Acat1-M/-M ] does not cause overt abnormalities in mice. Here we performed analyses in age and sex matched Acat1-M/-M and wild-type mice on chow or Western diet, and discovered that Acat1-M/-M mice exhibit resistance to Western diet-induced obesity...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
M Bournazel, M Lessire, S Klein, N Même, C Peyronnet, A Quinsac, M J Duclos, A Narcy
Two experiments were conducted on broilers to assess the effect of dietary fiber from 00-rapeseed meal (RSM) on phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and retention (AR) during the growing (Exp1: 10 to 21 d) or finishing period (Exp2: 21 to 31 d) in diets supplemented or not with microbial phytase. Each experiment involved 144 male Cobb 500 fed one of 8 diets. Fiber content was modulated by incorporating whole RSM, RSM from dehulled rapeseeds, either raw or supplemented with 2 levels of defatted rapeseed hulls...
February 28, 2018: Poultry Science
Qiao-Yu Jiang, Jue Li, Liang Zheng, Guang-Hua Wang, Jing Wang
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the constitution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) among women who want to be pregnant in one year and explores factors related to TCM constitution. METHODS: This study was conducted on women who participated in free preconception check-ups provided by the Zhabei District Maternity and Child Care Center in Shanghai, China. The information regarding the female demographic characteristics, physical condition, history of pregnancy and childbearing, diet and behavior, and social psychological factors was collected, and TCM constitution assessment was performed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
Mariona Pinart, Katharina Nimptsch, Jildau Bouwman, Lars O Dragsted, Chen Yang, Nathalie De Cock, Carl Lachat, Giuditta Perozzi, Raffaella Canali, Rosario Lombardo, Massimo D'Archivio, Michèle Guillaume, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Stephanie Jeran, Jakob Linseisen, Christina Kleiser, Ute Nöthlings, Janett Barbaresko, Heiner Boeing, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Thorsten Heuer, Eamon Laird, Janette Walton, Paolo Gasparini, Antonietta Robino, Luis Castaño, Gemma Rojo-Martínez, Jordi Merino, Luis Masana, Marie Standl, Holger Schulz, Elena Biagi, Eha Nurk, Christophe Matthys, Marco Gobbetti, Maria de Angelis, Eberhard Windler, Birgit-Christiane Zyriax, Jean Tafforeau, Tobias Pischon
Background: Joint data analysis from multiple nutrition studies may improve the ability to answer complex questions regarding the role of nutritional status and diet in health and disease. Objective: The objective was to identify nutritional observational studies from partners participating in the European Nutritional Phenotype Assessment and Data Sharing Initiative (ENPADASI) Consortium, as well as minimal requirements for joint data analysis. Methods: A predefined template containing information on study design, exposure measurements (dietary intake, alcohol and tobacco consumption, physical activity, sedentary behavior, anthropometric measures, and sociodemographic and health status), main health-related outcomes, and laboratory measurements (traditional and omics biomarkers) was developed and circulated to those European research groups participating in the ENPADASI under the strategic research area of "diet-related chronic diseases...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
M M Erdaw, R A Perez-Maldonado, P A Iji
A 3 × 3 + 1 factorial, involving three levels of protease (0, 15,000 or 30,000 PROT/kg) and three levels of phytase (1,000, 2,000 or 3,000 FYT/kg), was used to evaluate the effect of replacing commercial soybean meal (SBM) with raw, full-fat soybean (RFSB) at 75 g/kg of diet for broilers. A control diet was used for comparison. Each treatment was replicated six times, with nine birds per replicate. The concentration of trypsin inhibitors (TIs) in the test diets was approximately 10,193.4 TIU/kg. Regardless of enzyme supplementation, feed intake (FI) and body weight gain (BWG) of birds in the control group were superior to those on the test diets...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Linn A Vikøren, Aslaug Drotningsvik, Angela Mwakimonga, Sabine Leh, Gunnar Mellgren, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen
Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular and chronic renal diseases, affecting more than 1 billion people. Fish intake is inversely correlated with the prevalence of hypertension in several, but not all, studies, and intake of fish oil and fish proteins has shown promising potential to delay development of high blood pressure in rats. The effects of baked and raw salmon fillet intake on blood pressure and renal function were investigated in obese Zucker fa/fa rats, which spontaneously develop hypertension with proteinuria and renal failure...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Eduardo Villamor-Martínez, Maria Pierro, Giacomo Cavallaro, Fabio Mosca, Boris W Kramer, Eduardo Villamor
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common complication after preterm birth. Pasteurized donor human milk (DHM) has increasingly become the standard of care for very preterm infants over the use of preterm formula (PF) if the mother's own milk (MOM) is unavailable. Studies have reported beneficial effects of DHM on BPD. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies on the effects of DHM on BPD and other respiratory outcomes. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria...
February 20, 2018: Nutrients
Ali Ghasemi, Reza Amiri Chayjan, Hossein Jahanian Najafabadi
Pellet production of food and agricultural wastes is a suitable method to supply livestock feed. Mechanical properties of pellets play an important role in their handling and transportation. In this study, the mechanical properties of pellets made from waste are investigated. After the pelleting process, the pellets were dried with a laboratory convective hot air dryer until reaching a safe moisture content. The effects of feedstock moisture content (0.54, 0.88, and 1.2 kgw kgDM -1 ), particle size (PS < 0...
February 14, 2018: Waste Management
Ruiling Zhang, Jiying Pei, Ruijie Zhang, Shaopeng Wang, Weibin Zeng, Dali Huang, Yi Wang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu
The occurrence, distribution, bioconcentration and diet safety via seafood consumption of 19 antibiotics were investigated in eight closed mariculture ponds, four estuaries, two nearshore areas and one offshore area from the Beibu Gulf. Seventeen, 16, 15 and 7 antibiotics were detected at total concentrations of 43.2 - 885 ng L -1 , 22.4 - 118 ng L -1 , 22.7 - 24.5 ng L -1 , and 1.81-3.23 ng L -1 in the water of the above different areas, respectively. This indicates that the mariculture ponds are important sources of antibiotic pollution on the coast of the Beibu Gulf...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Tran Thi Van, Luu Tam Bat, Dang Duc Nhan, Nguyen Hao Quang, Bui Duy Cam, Luu Viet Hung
Radioactivity concentrations of nuclides of the 232 Th and 238 U radioactive chains and 40 K, 90 Sr, 137 Cs, and 239+240 Pu were surveyed for raw and cooked food of the population in the Red River delta region, Vietnam, using α-, γ-spectrometry, and liquid scintillation counting techniques. The concentration of 40 K in the cooked food was the highest compared to those of other radionuclides ranging from (23 ± 5) (rice) to (347 ± 50) Bq kg -1 dw (tofu). The 210 Po concentration in the cooked food ranged from its limit of detection (LOD) of 5 mBq kg -1 dw (rice) to (4...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Management
Hee-Sook Lim, Soon-Kyung Kim, Su-Jin Hong
Certain types of foods are common trigger for bowel symptoms such as abdominal discomfort or pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). But indiscriminate food exclusions from their diet can lead extensive nutritional deficiencies. The aim of this study was to investigate nutritional status, food restriction and nutrient intake status in IBD patients. A total 104 patients (food exclusion group: n = 49; food non-exclusion group: n = 55) participated in the survey. The contents were examined by 3 categories: 1) anthropometric and nutritional status; 2) diet beliefs and food restriction; and 3) nutrient intake...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
M Cherif, B Valenti, S Abidi, G Luciano, S Mattioli, M Pauselli, I Bouzarraa, A Priolo, H Ben Salem
Twenty-eight Barbarine male lambs were used to investigate the effect of dietary Nigella sativa seeds (NSS) on meat fatty acids and oxidative stability in two different feeding systems (high- or low-concentrate). Dietary treatments were planned to offer: 70% barley hay and 30% concentrate (LC); LC+12g/day of NSS (LCN); 30% barley hay and 70% concentrate (HC); HC+12g/day of NSS (HCN). NSS increased intramuscular fat only in the low-concentrate system (P=0.039); accordingly, the content of 14:0, c-9 14:1, t-9 18:1, t-11 18:1 and both individual and sum of odd and branched chain fatty acids were greater in LCN than LC meat...
February 2, 2018: Meat Science
Shola G Solomon, Victor T Okomoda, Obekpa Oguche
The nutritional value of raw Jack bean meal (Canavalia ensiformis) as a partial substitute for soybeans meal was investigated in this study. Preliminary investigation on nutrient composition revealed that lysine, histidine, and phenylalanine were significantly higher in C. ensiformis seed meal compared to soybean meal. However, crude protein and other essential amino acids were significantly lower. Feeding trial was then conducted to investigate the effect of replacing about 40% soybeans meal (at 58.8% inclusion) with C...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Na Jiao, Susan S Baker, Colleen A Nugent, Maria Tsompana, Liting Cai, Yong Wang, Michael J Buck, Robert J Genco, Robert D Baker, Ruixin Zhu, Lixin Zhu
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have associated obesity with altered gut microbiota, although results are discordant regarding compositional changes in the gut microbiota of obese animals. Herein we aimed to obtain an unbiased evaluation of structural and functional changes of the gut microbiota in diet-induced obese rodents using a meta-analysis. METHODS: The raw sequencing data of nine studies generated with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rodent models were processed with QIIME to obtain gut microbiota compositions...
January 26, 2018: Physiological Genomics
C Del Prete, S Tafuri, F Ciani, M P Pasolini, F Ciotola, S Albarella, D Carotenuto, V Peretti, N Cocchia
Stallion semen is damaged by oxidative stress during cooling and transport. Semen processing and extenders have been tested to improve the fertilizing capacity of semen and to preserve semen during transport. Dietary supplementation with natural antioxidants has been proposed to prevent oxidative damages. In this study, for the first time, the effect of dietary supplementation with Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on the characteristics of fresh and chilled stallion semen was evaluated. Maca is a traditional Andean crop used as a nutraceutical for the fertility-enhancing properties that are linked with antioxidant activity...
January 22, 2018: Andrology
Xiao-Xiao Liu, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Kai Wang, Xue-Ying Wang, Wen-Long Ma, Wei Cao, Dan Mo, Yang Sun, Xiao-Qiang Li
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is characterized by chronic inflammation in vascular wall. Previous studies suggest that Kuwanon G (KWG) exerts anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effect of KWG on atherosclerosis remains unexplored. AIMS: To explore whether KWG affects macrophage foam cell formation in vitro and atherogenesis in vivo. METHODS: RAW 264.7 macrophages were stimulated with ox-LDL for 24h to induce foam cell formation and treated with KWG...
January 17, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Xia Li, Yu Zhang, Quan Jin, Kai-Li Xia, Min Jiang, Ben-Wen Cui, Yan-Ling Wu, Shun-Zong Song, Li-Hua Lian, Ji-Xing Nan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Regulating P2x7R-NLRP3 inflammasome activation might be a potential therapeutic strategy to treat alcoholic hepatosteatosis. We investigated whether this process would be modulated by gentiopicroside (GPS), which is the main active secoiridoid glycoside from Gentiana manshurica Kitagawa. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: In vivo models of acute and chronic alcoholic hepatosteatosis were established by intragastrically administrated ethanol or using chronic plus binge ethanol feeding of Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet to male C57BL/6 mice...
January 16, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
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