keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Raw diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916895/validation-of-folate-enriched-eggs-as-a-functional-food-for-improving-folate-intake-in-consumers
#1
Leslie Altic, Helene McNulty, Leane Hoey, Liadhan McAnena, Kristina Pentieva
Functional foods enriched with folate may be beneficial as a means of optimizing folate status in consumers. We recently developed novel eggs enriched with folate through folic acid supplementation of the hen's feed, but their potential to influence consumer folate status is unknown because the natural folate forms incorporated into the eggs may not necessarily be retained during storage and cooking. This study aimed to determine the stability of natural folates in folate-enriched eggs under typical conditions of storage and cooking...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898922/influence-of-pork-and-pork-by-products-on-macronutrient-and-energy-digestibility-and-palatability-in-large-exotic-felids
#2
C J Iske, C L Morris, K L Kappen
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate digestibility and palatability of a new commercial pork-based raw diet for zoo-managed felids. Currently 2 protein sources (beef or horse) comprise the majority of commercial raw meat diet formulations for exotic carnivores in zoological institutions. Pork-based diets have traditionally not been widely utilized and thus nutrient digestibility of pork has not been adequately evaluated in exotic carnivores. The objectives of this study were 1) to determine if a pork-based diet had similar apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility and fecal scores as standard zoo carnivore diets formulated with either horse or beef, in large exotic felids and 2) evaluate palatability of pork for use in zoos...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886128/worldwide-mycotoxins-exposure-in-pig-and-poultry-feed-formulations
#3
REVIEW
Philippe Guerre
The purpose of this review is to present information about raw materials that can be used in pig and poultry diets and the factors responsible for variations in their mycotoxin contents. The levels of mycotoxins in pig and poultry feeds are calculated based on mycotoxin contamination levels of the raw materials with different diet formulations, to highlight the important role the stage of production and the raw materials used can have on mycotoxins levels in diets. Our analysis focuses on mycotoxins for which maximum tolerated levels or regulatory guidelines exist, and for which sufficient contamination data are available...
November 24, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860343/isolation-of-campylobacter-spp-from-client-owned-dogs-and-cats-and-retail-raw-meat-pet-food-in-the-manawatu-new-zealand
#4
K Bojanić, A C Midwinter, J C Marshall, L E Rogers, P J Biggs, E Acke
Campylobacter causes acute gastroenteritis in people worldwide and is frequently isolated from food, animals and the environment. The disease is predominately food-borne but many routes of transmission and sources of infection have been described, including contact with pets. The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs and cats varies widely, and data on New Zealand pets are limited. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs, cats and retail raw meat pet food products in New Zealand and to characterize Campylobacter jejuni isolates using multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
November 12, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859763/caecal-microbiota-of-chickens-fed-diets-containing-propolis
#5
C Eyng, A E Murakami, A A Pedroso, C R A Duarte, K P Picoli
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of different levels of ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) and raw propolis (RP) on broiler performance and on selected bacterial groups in caecal microbiota using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) measured by fluorescent activated cell sorting. Two experiments were conducted with 120 male chicks from 1 to 21 days of age for each, raised in cages and distributed in a completely randomized experimental design; there were five replicates with four birds per experimental unit and six treatments for each experiment (trial 1 - EEP - 0, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 and 5000 ppm and trial 2 - RP - 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 ppm)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842572/dietary-nitrogen-alters-codon-bias-and-genome-composition-in-parasitic-microorganisms
#6
Emily A Seward, Steven Kelly
BACKGROUND: Genomes are composed of long strings of nucleotide monomers (A, C, G and T) that are either scavenged from the organism's environment or built from metabolic precursors. The biosynthesis of each nucleotide differs in atomic requirements with different nucleotides requiring different quantities of nitrogen atoms. However, the impact of the relative availability of dietary nitrogen on genome composition and codon bias is poorly understood. RESULTS: Here we show that differential nitrogen availability, due to differences in environment and dietary inputs, is a major determinant of genome nucleotide composition and synonymous codon use in both bacterial and eukaryotic microorganisms...
November 15, 2016: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837119/the-efficacy-of-raw-and-concentrated-bentonite-clay-in-reducing-the-toxic-effects-of-aflatoxin-in-broiler-chicks
#7
T A Shannon, D R Ledoux, G E Rottinghaus, D P Shaw, A Daković, M Marković
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two adsorbents, a raw bentonite clay (RC) and a concentrated bentonite clay (CC), in ameliorating the toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Results of the in vitro study (pH 3.0) indicated the CC adsorbed more AFB1 than RC (93.39 mg/g vs. 79.30 mg/g) suggesting that CC may be more effective than RC in reducing the toxic effects of AFB1 One hundred and eighty day-old straight run broiler chicks were assigned to 6 replicate pens of 5 chicks each and assigned to 6 dietary treatments from hatch to day 21...
November 11, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832729/potato-powders-prepared-by-successive-cooking-process-depending-on-resistant-starch-content-affect-the-intestinal-fermentation-in-rats
#8
Sakura Kawakami, Kyu-Ho Han, Takahiro Araki, Kiyoshi Ohba, Tatsuya Wakabayashi, Kenichiro Shimada, Michihiro Fukushima
The effects of resistant starch (RS) in dry potato powders prepared by various processes on intestinal fermentation in rats were assessed. Rats were fed raw potato powder (RP), blanched potato powder (BP), steamed potato powder (SP), or drum-dried potato powder (DP) for 4 weeks. The cecal RS content was significantly higher in the RP group than in the control diet (CN) group and other dry potato powder groups. Cecum pH was significantly lower in the RP group compared to the CN group, and was also significantly lower than that in the SP, BP, and DP groups...
November 11, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830932/oleogels-a-promising-structured-oils-for-decreasing-saturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-production-and-food-based-applications
#9
Halime PehlivanoĞlu, Mehmet Demirci, Omer Said Toker, Nevzat Konar, Salih Karasu, Osman Sagdic
Oils and fats are widely used in the food formulations in order to improve nutritional and some quality characteristics of food products. Solid fats produced from oils by hydrogenization, interesterification and fractionation processes are widely used in different foodstuffs for these aims. In recent years, consumer awareness of relation between diet and health has increased which can cause worry about solid fat including products in terms of their high saturated fatty acid and trans fatty acid contents. Therefore, different attempts have been carried out to find alternative ways to produce solid fat with low saturated fatty acid content...
November 10, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809749/fish-hydrolysates-a-regulatory-perspective-of-bioactive-peptides
#10
Bert Gevaert, Lieselotte Veryser, Frederick Verbeke, Evelien Wynendaele, Bart De Spiegeleer
For the first time introduced on the Japanese market, bioactive fish hydrolysates are now available all over the world as food supplements, functional food ingredients or nutricosmeceuticals. They are generally produced from low value fish waste, an almost inexhaustible source of raw material, and are sold as high value products, making them economically interesting from a manufacturer's view point. Most of these products have health or structure/function claims on their packages with different actions like antihypertensive, blood-glucose lowering, anxiolytic and skin anti-aging activities...
November 2, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802311/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-and-gastric-cancer-risk-among-vietnamese-men
#11
Hang Thi Minh Lai, Chihaya Koriyama, Shinkan Tokudome, Hoc Hieu Tran, Long Thanh Tran, Athira Nandakumar, Suminori Akiba, Ngoan Tran Le
BACKGROUND: The association of waterpipe tobacco (WPT) smoking with gastric cancer (GC) risk was suggested. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted to examine the association of WPT with GC risk among Vietnamese men, in Hanoi city, during the period of 2003-2011. Newly-diagnosed GC cases (n = 454) and control patients (n = 628) were matched by age (+/- 5 years) and the year of hospitalization. Information on smoking and alcohol drinking habits and diet including salty food intake and fruits/vegetables consumption were obtained by the interview...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766989/the-influence-of-energy-standardisation-on-the-alternate-mediterranean-diet-score-and-its-association-with-mortality-in-the-multiethnic-cohort
#12
Yurii B Shvetsov, Brook E Harmon, Reynolette Ettienne, Lynne R Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Carol J Boushey
The alternate Mediterranean diet (aMED) score is an adaptation of the original Mediterranean diet score. Raw (aMED) and energy-standardised (aMED-e) versions have been used. How the diet scores and their association with health outcomes differ between the two versions is unclear. We examined differences in participants' total and component scores and compared the association of aMED and aMED-e with all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality. As part of the Multiethnic Cohort, 193 527 men and women aged 45-75 years from Hawaii and Los Angeles completed a baseline FFQ and were followed up for 13-18 years...
October 21, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765051/wild-food-plants-and-minor-crops-in-the-ripoll%C3%A3-s-district-catalonia-iberian-peninsula-potentialities-for-developing-a-local-production-consumption-and-exchange-program
#13
Montse Rigat, Airy Gras, Ugo D'Ambrosio, Teresa Garnatje, Montse Parada, Joan Vallès
BACKGROUND: Wild food plants (WFP) have always been consumed by humans, first as the main basis of their food and, since the origins of agriculture, as ingredients of normal diets or as an alternative during situations of scarcity. In contemporary industrialized societies their use is for the most part being abandoned, but they may still play an important role. With the purpose of advancing in the ethnobotanical knowledge of one region of the Catalan Pyrenees, the present study reports the findings of a research project conducted in the Ripollès district (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula), concerning ethnobotanical knowledge and use of wild and semi-wild vascular plants as foods, along with minor crops...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760889/g-aminobutyric-acid-promotes-methionine-choline-deficient-diet-induced-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#14
Seok Roh Yoon, Cho Ara, Zhou Zixiong, Jeong Hyuneui, Park Jeong-Eun, Cha Youn-Soo, Oh Suk-Heung, Lim Chae-Woong, Kim Bumseok
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is one of the most common liver diseases and a major cause of liver fibrosis worldwide. G-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is one of the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Recently, it has been reported that GABAergic signaling pathways are found in various non-neuronal tissues including the immune system and play a functional role. In the present study, we investigated whether administration of GABA has effects on NASH through its immunomodulatory effects...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751188/dietary-fish-protein-hydrolysates-containing-bioactive-motifs-affect-serum-and-adipose-tissue-fatty-acid-compositions-serum-lipids-postprandial-glucose-regulation-and-growth-in-obese-zucker-fa-fa-rats
#15
Aslaug Drotningsvik, Svein A Mjøs, Daniela M Pampanin, Rasa Slizyte, Ana Carvajal, Tore Remman, Ingmar Høgøy, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen
The world's fisheries and aquaculture industries produce vast amounts of protein-containing by-products that can be enzymatically hydrolysed to smaller peptides and possibly be used as additives to functional foods and nutraceuticals targeted for patients with obesity-related metabolic disorders. To investigate the effects of fish protein hydrolysates on markers of metabolic disorders, obese Zucker fa/fa rats consumed diets with 75 % of protein from casein/whey (CAS) and 25 % from herring (HER) or salmon (SAL) protein hydrolysate from rest raw material, or 100 % protein from CAS for 4 weeks...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720161/effect-of-pasture-versus-indoor-feeding-systems-on-raw-milk-composition-and-quality-over-an-entire-lactation
#16
Tom F O'Callaghan, Deirdre Hennessy, Stephen McAuliffe, Kieran N Kilcawley, Michael O'Donovan, Pat Dillon, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different feeding systems on milk quality and composition. Fifty-four multiparous and primiparous Friesian lactating cows were divided into 3 groups (n = 18) to study the effects of 3 feeding systems over a full lactation. Group 1 was housed indoors and offered a total mixed ration diet (TMR), group 2 was maintained outdoors on a perennial ryegrass pasture (referred to as grass), and group 3 was also grazed outdoors on a perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture (referred to as clover)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679438/quality-and-antioxidant-activity-of-buckwheat-based-cookies-designed-for-a-raw-food-vegan-diet-as-affected-by-moderate-drying-temperature
#17
Iveta Brožková, Veronika Dvořáková, Kateřina Michálková, Libor Červenka, Helena Velichová
Buckwheat cookies with various ingredients for raw food vegan diet are usually prepared by soaking them in water at ambient temperature followed by drying at moderate temperature. The aim of this study was to examine the temperature effect on the microbiological quality, antioxidant properties and oxidative stability of lipids of final dried samples. The mixture of ingredients was soaked for 20 h in distilled water, and then cookies were formed and dried in air-forced oven at constant temperature in the range from 40 to 60 °C...
December 2016: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660719/evaluation-of-feed-value-of-a-by-product-of-pickled-radish-for-ruminants-analyses-of-nutrient-composition-storage-stability-and-in-vitro-ruminal-fermentation
#18
Seoyoung Jeon, Keun-Nam Sohn, Seongwon Seo
BACKGROUND: By-products of pickled radish (BPR) are considered food waste. Approximately 300 g/kg of the total mass of raw materials becomes BPR. Production of pickled radish has grown continuously and is presently about 40,000 metric tons annually in Korea. The objective of the present study was thus to explore the possibility of using BPR as a ruminant feed ingredient. RESULTS: BPR contained a large amount of moisture (more than 800 g/kg) and ash, and comprised mostly sodium (103 g/kg DM) and chloride (142 g/kg DM)...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632916/medium-chain-triglycerides-promote-macrophage-reverse-cholesterol-transport-and-improve-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-deficient-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#19
Xinsheng Zhang, Yong Zhang, Yinghua Liu, Jin Wang, Qing Xu, Xiaoming Yu, Xueyan Yang, Zhao Liu, Changyong Xue
We previously observed that medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) could reduce body fat mass and improve the metabolism of cholesterol. We hypothesized that MCTs can improve atherosclerosis by promoting the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) process. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the roles of MCTs in macrophage RCT and the progression of atherosclerosis. To test this hypothesis, 30 4-week-old ApoE-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice were randomly divided into 2 groups and fed a diet of 2% MCTs or long-chain triglycerides (LCTs) for 16 weeks...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621095/q-fever-coxiella-burnetii-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-australian-cat-breeders-and-their-husbandry-practices
#20
A J Shapiro, J M Norris, K L Bosward, J Heller
A Q fever outbreak in a small animal veterinary hospital, associated with a cat caesarean section, initiated a cat seroprevalence study (n = 712) that found circulating antibodies to Coxiella burnetii was highest in cattery-confined breeding cats (9.3%). These findings stimulated interest about potential sources of C. burnetii infection for cats and humans associated with cats. Cat breeders are potentially a group at increased risk of C. burnetii infection, and this study sought to identify potential risk factors...
September 13, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
keyword
keyword
16686
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"