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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920089/cooking-methods-affect-phytochemical-composition-and-anti-obesity-potential-of-soybean-glycine-max-seeds-in-wistar-rats
#1
Cerile Ypolyte Woumbo, Dieudonné Kuate, Hilaire Macaire Womeni
This work aimed at investigating the effects of three domestic cooking methods (roasting, sprouting and boiling) on phytochemical contents (phenolic content, flavonoid, fibre), and anti-obesity (weight loss, hypoglycemic effect, serum lipids) potential of soybean seeds in obese male rats. Ten different forms were implemented, combining hulled/unhulled and raw/cooked soybean seeds using a basal and a hypercaloric diet as controls. Unhulled Roasted Soybean (URS) exhibited the highest phenolic content and a greater antioxidant activity by the FRAP assay than BHT at certain concentrations...
August 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920057/amine-metabolism-is-influenced-by-dietary-protein-source
#2
Soumya K Kar, Alfons J M Jansman, Dirkjan Schokker, Leo Kruijt, Amy C Harms, Jerry M Wells, Mari A Smits
Growth in world population will inevitably leads to increased demand for protein for humans and animals. Protein from insects and blood plasma are being considered as possible alternatives, but more research on their nutritional quality and health effects is needed. Here, we studied the effect of dietary protein source on metabolism and metabolic amine profiles in serum and urine of mice. Groups of mice were fed semi-purified diets containing 300 g/kg of soybean meal, casein, partially delactosed whey powder, spray-dried plasma protein, wheat gluten meal, and yellow mealworm...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914794/effects-of-probiotics-prebiotics-and-synbiotics-on-human-health
#3
REVIEW
Paulina Markowiak, Katarzyna Śliżewska
The human gastrointestinal tract is colonised by a complex ecosystem of microorganisms. Intestinal bacteria are not only commensal, but they also undergo a synbiotic co-evolution along with their host. Beneficial intestinal bacteria have numerous and important functions, e.g., they produce various nutrients for their host, prevent infections caused by intestinal pathogens, and modulate a normal immunological response. Therefore, modification of the intestinal microbiota in order to achieve, restore, and maintain favourable balance in the ecosystem, and the activity of microorganisms present in the gastrointestinal tract is necessary for the improved health condition of the host...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903960/biomarkers-of-food-intake-and-nutrient-status-are-associated-with-glucose-tolerance-status-and-development-of-type-2-diabetes-in-older-swedish-women
#4
Otto Savolainen, Mads Vendelbo Lind, Göran Bergström, Björn Fagerberg, Ann-Sofie Sandberg, Alastair Ross
Background: Diet is frequently associated with both the development and prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but there is a lack of objective tools for assessing the relation between diet and T2D. Biomarkers of dietary intake are unconfounded by recall and reporting bias, and using multiple dietary biomarkers could help strengthen the link between a healthy diet and the prevention of T2D.Objective: The objective of this study was to explore how diet is related to glucose tolerance status (GTS) and to future development of T2D irrespective of common T2D and cardiovascular disease risk factors by using multiple dietary biomarkers...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895007/analysis-of-trace-metal-concentrations-in-raw-cow-s-milk-from-three-dairy-farms-in-north-gondar-ethiopia-chemometric-approach
#5
M L Akele, D Z Abebe, A K Alemu, A G Assefa, A Madhusudhan, R R de Oliveira
Concentrations of essential (Cu, Mn, and Zn) and toxic (Cr, Cd, and Pb) trace metals in 30 raw cow's milk samples were quantified using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The samples were collected from the Nara-Awudarda, Tana-Abo, and Kosoye Amba-Rass sites in North Gondar, Ethiopia, preserved in a deep freezer (-20 °C), and then digested by Kjeldahl apparatus with HNO3/H2O2 (5:2; v/v) at 300 °C for 2.5 h. The data were subject to principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889029/veterinary-antibiotics-in-food-drinking-water-and-the-urine-of-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#6
Na Li, Keith W K Ho, Guang-Guo Ying, Wen-Jing Deng
Due to the harmful effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) residues in food on children's health, urine samples from 31 preschool and primary school children were analyzed for 13 common VAs. Samples of raw and cooked pork, chicken, fish, milk and drinking water from the children's living areas were also analyzed for residual VAs. Urinalysis revealed one to four target antibiotics in 77.4% of the sample group, with concentrations as high as 0.36ng/mL. Norfloxacin and penicillin had the highest detection rates (48...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882665/human-gastric-hyperinfection-by-anisakis-simplex-a-severe-and-unusual-presentation-and-a-brief-review
#7
Teresa Baptista-Fernandes, Manuel Rodrigues, Isabel Castro, Paulo Paixão, Pedro Pinto-Marques, Lidia Roque, Silvana Belo, Pedro Manuel Ferreira, Kamal Mansinho, Cristina Toscano
Anisakiasis is an emerging marine food-borne zoonosis resulting from the accidental ingestion of Anisakis larvae, through the consumption of raw or undercooked infected seafood products. The first case of human gastric hyperinfection by Anisakis simplex with an unusual and severe presentation, occurring in a Portuguese woman, is described in this article. Over 140 anisakid larvae were removed by gastroscopy. Massive infection is uncommon in areas where the consumption of raw fish is not part of the traditional diet, as is the case in Portugal...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878417/post-operative-salmonella-surgical-site-infection-in-a-dog
#8
Marc Kent, Lindsay Boozer, Eric N Glass, Susan Sanchez, Simon R Platt, Lisa M Freeman
Following decompressive surgery for degenerative lumbosacral stenosis, a 6-year-old German shepherd dog developed a subcutaneous infection at the surgical site and discospondylitis at the lumbosacral intervertebral disc. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, serotype Dublin was recovered from the surgical site. Salmonella of a different serovar was isolated from a sample of the raw meat-based diet that the owner fed the dog.
September 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864331/fruit-vegetable-and-legume-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-deaths-in-18-countries-pure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Victoria Miller, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Sumathi Swaminathan, Gilles Dagenais, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott Lear, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Aletta E Schutte, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Alvaro Avezum, Yuksel Altuntas, Khalid Yusoff, Noorhassim Ismail, Nasheeta Peer, Jephat Chifamba, Rafael Diaz, Omar Rahman, Noushin Mohammadifard, Fernando Lana, Katarzyna Zatonska, Andreas Wielgosz, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Romaina Iqbal, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Rasha Khatib, Annika Rosengren, V Raman Kutty, Wei Li, Jiankang Liu, Xiaoyun Liu, Lu Yin, Koon Teo, Sonia Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. METHODS: We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries in seven geographical regions: North America and Europe, South America, the Middle East, south Asia, China, southeast Asia, and Africa...
August 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857429/tenascin-c-renders-a-proangiogenic-phenotype-in-macrophage-via-annexin-ii
#10
Zhiyang Wang, Qi Wei, Liang Han, Keqing Cao, Tianfeng Lan, Zhenjie Xu, Yingjuan Wang, Yuan Gao, Jing Xue, Fei Shan, Jun Feng, Xin Xie
Tenascin-c is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, the expression of which relates to the progression of atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and heart failure. Annexin II acts as a cell surface receptor of tenascin-c. This study aimed to delineate the role of tenascin-c and annexin II in macrophages presented in atherosclerotic plaque. Animal models with atherosclerotic lesions were established using ApoE-KO mice fed with high-cholesterol diet. The expression of tenascin-c and annexin II in atherosclerotic lesions was determined by qRT-PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843691/dietary-supplementation-with-dried-olive-pomace-in-dairy-cows-modifies-the-composition-of-fatty-acids-and-the-aromatic-profile-in-milk-and-related-cheese
#11
F Castellani, A Vitali, N Bernardi, E Marone, F Palazzo, L Grotta, G Martino
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary integration of dried olive pomace (DOP), a by-product of olive oil separation, on nutritional and aromatic properties of milk and cheese. Twenty dairy cows were divided into 2 groups that were balanced for milk yield, parity, and days in milk. The control group was fed a conventional diet (20 kg of dry matter/head per day), whereas the experimental group (EG) received the conventional diet supplemented with DOP as 10% of dry matter. During the trial, milk yield was recorded and the samples of milk, cheese, total mixed rations, and DOP were collected and analyzed to determine the chemical-nutritional composition and aromatic profile...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843681/effect-of-genetic-and-nongenetic-factors-on-chemical-composition-of-individual-milk-samples-from-dromedary-camels-camelus-dromedarius-under-intensive-management
#12
P Nagy, Zs N Fábri, L Varga, J Reiczigel, J Juhász
The aims of the present study were to monitor the changes in gross chemical composition of individual dromedary camel milk over a 5-yr period, to provide reference values, and to determine the effect of genetic and nongenetic factors influencing camel milk composition under intensive management. A total of 1,528 lactating dromedary camels were included in the study. Animals were fed a constant diet and were milked twice a day in a herringbone parlor. Milk samples were collected at monthly intervals using a sampling device and then fat, protein, lactose, total solids (TS), and solids-nonfat (SNF) concentrations of raw camel milk were determined with an automatic milk analyzer...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835852/degummed-crude-canola-oil-sire-breed-and-gender-effects-on-intramuscular-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acid-properties-of-raw-and-cooked-lamb-meat
#13
Aaron Ross Flakemore, Bunmi Sherifat Malau-Aduli, Peter David Nichols, Aduli Enoch Othniel Malau-Aduli
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 LC-PUFA) confer important attributes to health-conscious meat consumers due to the significant role they play in brain development, prevention of coronary heart disease, obesity and hypertension. In this study, the ω3 LC-PUFA content of raw and cooked Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle from genetically divergent Australian prime lambs supplemented with dietary degummed crude canola oil (DCCO) was evaluated...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808187/g-aminobutyric-acid-promotes-methionine-choline-deficient-diet-induced-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#14
Yoon Seok Roh, Ara Cho, Zixiong Zhou, Hyuneui Jeong, Jeong-Eun Park, Youn-Soo Cha, Suk-Heung Oh, Chae-Woong Lim, Bumseok Kim
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is one of the most common liver diseases and a major cause of liver fibrosis worldwide. G-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is one of the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Recently, it has been reported that GABAergic signaling pathways are found in various non-neuronal tissues including the immune system and play a functional role. In the present study, we investigated whether administration of GABA has effects on NASH through its immunomodulatory effects...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807876/molecular-insights-on-xenoestrogenic-potential-of-zearalenone-14-glucoside-through-a-mixed-in%C3%A2-vitro-in-silico-approach
#15
Luca Dellafiora, Roberta Ruotolo, Alessio Perotti, Martina Cirlini, Gianni Galaverna, Pietro Cozzini, Annamaria Buschini, Chiara Dall'Asta
The mycotoxin zearalenone may contaminate food and feed worldwide upon infections by Fusarium spp. of plants and raw materials intended for human and animal consumption. Currently, contamination by zearalenone and congeners pose concern for health due to xenoestrogenic effects. However, while zearalenone and the main reduced metabolites are well-known xenoestrogens, some plant metabolites that may enter the food chain have been observed aside. Among them, zearalenone-14-glucoside may be abundant in the edible parts of infected plants, thereby entering significantly the human diet and animal feeding...
August 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794431/macrophage-jak2-deficiency-protects-against-high-fat-diet-induced-inflammation
#16
Harsh R Desai, Tharini Sivasubramaniyam, Xavier S Revelo, Stephanie A Schroer, Cynthia T Luk, Prashanth R Rikkala, Adam H Metherel, David W Dodington, Yoo Jin Park, Min Jeong Kim, Joshua A Rapps, Rickvinder Besla, Clinton S Robbins, Kay-Uwe Wagner, Richard P Bazinet, Daniel A Winer, Minna Woo
During obesity, macrophages can infiltrate metabolic tissues, and contribute to chronic low-grade inflammation, and mediate insulin resistance and diabetes. Recent studies have elucidated the metabolic role of JAK2, a key mediator downstream of various cytokines and growth factors. Our study addresses the essential role of macrophage JAK2 in the pathogenesis to obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance. During high-fat diet (HFD) feeding, macrophage-specific JAK2 knockout (M-JAK2(-/-)) mice gained less body weight compared to wildtype littermate control (M-JAK2(+/+)) mice and were protected from HFD-induced systemic insulin resistance...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771577/a-survey-of-the-mycobiota-associated-with-larvae-of-the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-reared-for-feed-production
#17
Ilaria Varotto Boccazzi, Matteo Ottoboni, Elena Martin, Francesco Comandatore, Lisa Vallone, Thomas Spranghers, Mia Eeckhout, Valeria Mereghetti, Luciano Pinotti, Sara Epis
Feed security, feed quality and issues surrounding the safety of raw materials are always of interest to all livestock farmers, feed manufacturers and competent authorities. These concerns are even more important when alternative feed ingredients, new product developments and innovative feeding trends, like insect-meals, are considered. The black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) is considered a good candidate to be used as feed ingredient for aquaculture and other farm animals, mainly as an alternative protein source...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760800/protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-risk-factors-for-hypertension-incidence-in-a-mexico-city-population-the-tlalpan-2020-cohort
#18
Eloisa Colín-Ramírez, Susana Rivera-Mancía, Oscar Infante-Vázquez, Raúl Cartas-Rosado, Jesús Vargas-Barrón, Magdalena Madero, Maite Vallejo
INTRODUCTION: Systemic hypertension (HTN) is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In Mexico, HTN prevalence has increased over time and is currently 31%. Nonetheless, information about the country's HTN incidence and its associated risk factors is scarce. Understanding this condition is a priority for identifying the scope of primary prevention. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of traditional and non-traditional risk factors on the incidence of HTN in a cohort of healthy Mexico City residents under biannual follow-up for 10 years...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753963/the-combined-intervention-with-germinated-vigna-radiata-and-aerobic-interval-training-protocol-is-an-effective-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-and-other-alterations-related-to-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-zucker-rats
#19
Garyfallia Kapravelou, Rosario Martínez, Elena Nebot, María López-Jurado, Pilar Aranda, Francisco Arrebola, Samuel Cantarero, Milagros Galisteo, Jesus M Porres
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of related metabolic alterations that increase the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Several lifestyle interventions based on dietary treatment with functional ingredients and physical activity are being studied as alternative or reinforcement treatments to the pharmacological ones actually in use. In the present experiment, the combined treatment with mung bean (Vigna radiata), a widely used legume with promising nutritional and health benefits that was included in the experimental diet as raw or 4 day-germinated seed flour, and aerobic interval training protocol (65-85% VO₂ max) has been tested in lean and obese Zucker rats following a 2 × 2 × 2 (2 phenotypes, 2 dietary interventions, 2 lifestyles) factorial ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) statistical analysis...
July 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749619/healthy-plant-foods-intake-could-protect-against-prostate-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study
#20
Yahya Jalilpiran, Erfan Hezaveh, Salmeh Bahmanpour, Shiva Faghih
Background: Several studies have investigated the association between healthy plant foods intake and prostate cancer risk with inconsistent results. So this study was conducted to examine the existence of any possible association between healthy plant foods and prostate cancer risk. Materials and Methods: Sixty newly diagnosed prostate cancer cases and 60 controls engaged in a hospital-based case-control study. A validated 16o-items semi-quantitative FFQ was used to assess usual dietary intakes. Energy-adjusted amounts of healthy plant foods intake were calculated using the residual method...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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