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Raw diet

Marloes A M van Dijk, Marc Y Engelsma, Vanessa X N Visser, Marcel A H Spierenburg, Marjolijn E Holtslag, Peter T J Willemsen, Jaap A Wagenaar, Els M Broens, Hendrik I J Roest
A Brucella suis biovar 1 infection was diagnosed in a dog without typical exposure risks, but the dog had been fed a raw meat-based diet (hare carcasses imported from Argentina). Track and trace investigations revealed that the most likely source of infection was the dog's raw meat diet.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
S Dabbou, I Ferrocino, A Kovitvadhi, S Bergagna, D Dezzuto, A Schiavone, L Cocolin, F Gai, V Santoro, L Gasco
Agricultural by-products could be used as alternative raw materials in rabbit nutrition as they have been found to be highly nutritious and low cost feeding sources. The aim of this study was to estimate the nutritive value and potential use of bilberry pomace (BP) for growing rabbits. A total of 144 Grimaud rabbits (35 days old) were allotted to four groups and fed with a diet containing increasing level of BP: BP0 (basal diet), BP5, BP10 and BP15 containing 0, 50, 100 and 150 g/kg respectively. Growth trial lasted 48 days; apparent digestibility was evaluated, starting at 46 days of age, over 4 consecutive days...
May 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Jennifer A Steele, Carsten H Richter, Pierre Echaubard, Parichat Saenna, Virginia Stout, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Bruce A Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal bile duct cancer associated with infection by the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini, in the lower Mekong region. Numerous public health interventions have focused on reducing exposure to O. viverrini, but incidence of CCA in the region remains high. While this may indicate the inefficacy of public health interventions due to complex social and cultural factors, it may further indicate other risk factors or interactions with the parasite are important in pathogenesis of CCA...
May 17, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Aslaug Drotningsvik, Daniela Maria Pampanin, Rasa Slizyte, Ana Carvajal, Ingmar Høgøy, Tore Remman, Oddrun Anita Gudbrandsen
The use of angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is a common strategy for treating kidney disease. Several amino acid sequences with ACE inhibiting activity are identified in filet and rest raw material from various species of fish, and fish protein hydrolysates could be of interest for possible treatment or prevention of kidney disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that protein hydrolysates from rest raw material from herring and salmon contained ACE inhibiting motifs, and could beneficially affect typical markers for kidney function in an obesity rat model prone to developing renal failure...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
Stefano Amoroso, Maria-Grazia Scarpa, Federico Poropat, Rita Giorgi, Flora Maria Murru, Egidio Barbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Rachel de Boer, Ruth Chalmers
It is has been suggested that the prevalence of food allergy has increased over the last few decades with estimates now suggesting between 3.9-8% of children are food allergic (Kattan, 2016). Studies also suggest that rates of food allergy resolution are slowing, meaning more children are remaining allergic for longer (Sicherer et al, 2014). The mainstay of food allergy management is dietary exclusion of known food allergen/s. Exclusion diets are frequently difficult for patients and their families to manage and the literature highlights that they impact negatively on quality of life (Valentine et al, 2011) ...
May 14, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
Makoto Miyaji, Hidehiko Inoue, Tetsuo Kawaide, Masanori Tohno, Yuko Kamiya, Kazuhisa Nonaka
We investigated the effects of different rice conservation techniques on in situ ruminal degradation and in vivo nutrient digestibility and rumen fermentation in steers. Raw rice grain was dried before crushing (DRY), ensiled after crushing (ENS-A), or ensiled before crushing (ENS-B). Six ruminally cannulated steers were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design with three dietary treatments: diets containing DRY, ENS-A, or ENS-B at 36% of the dietary dry matter. The in situ rapidly degradable fraction and effective ruminal degradability were higher for ensiled rice than for DRY, and higher for ENS-A than for ENS-B...
May 8, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Xianglong Xu, Bing Li, Ruixue Bai, Yunshuang Rao, Lingli Liu, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women are a dominant force in the family's diet and nutrition in China. The shortterm effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake were found. However, the long-term effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake on the food safety, energy, and intake frequency of women remain unclear. This study analyzed the effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake on the dietary behaviors of women one year after the earthquake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 207 women were selected using the proportional sampling method...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fernanda Demoliner, Priscila de Britto Policarpi, Juliano Carvalho Ramos, Vera Lúcia Azzolin Frescura Bascuñan, Roseli Aparecida Ferrari, Iván Jachmanián, Alicia de Francisco de Casas, Lúcio Flavo Lopes Vasconcelos, Jane Mara Block
The nutritional composition of the sapucaia nut, cake and shell, the nut and cake minerals content and the lipid profile of the nut oil (fatty acids, tocopherols, phytosterols and triacylglycerols) were determined. The nuts and cake exhibited a high content of lipid (47.9 to 60.8 mg 100 g-1 ), protein (15.8 to 19.5 mg 100 g-1 ), dietary fiber (16.5 to 22.6 mg 100 g-1 ) and provided an excellent source of selenium (26.4 to 46.94 μg g-1 ). The oil contained a high amount of unsaturated fatty acids (39...
June 2018: Food Research International
Tho X Pham, Minkyung Bae, Yoojin Lee, Young-Ki Park, Ji-Young Lee
Histone deacetylation is one of the posttranslational modifications of histones by which eukaryotic cells alter gene transcription. Although fatty acids are the best known macronutrients that modulate gene expression in inflammatory pathways, it is unclear whether common fatty acids in diets can regulate the expression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) in macrophages. We determined the effects of fatty acids, including palmitic acid (PA), oleic acid (OA), linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), on the expression of HDAC isoforms in RAW 264...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Ciro Langella, Daniele Naviglio, Marina Marino, Armando Calogero, Monica Gallo
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is very common in industrialized countries and rapidly and significantly increasing even in developing countries. The approach in this study is one not commonly found to date in the scientific literature. To assess the ability of reduced-carbohydrate diets and foods that are enriched with acid potential of hydrogen (pH; lemon and tomato) to quickly and exponentially reduce symptoms that are related to conditions such as gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux and unrelated to Helicobacter pylori...
March 22, 2018: Nutrition
Hyejung Gu, In-Bong Song, Hye-Ju Han, Na-Young Lee, Ji-Yun Cha, Yeon-Kyong Son, Jungkee Kwon
Recently, research on the processing of raw functional materials with the aim of improving various physiological activities has been conducted. In this study, we investigated the antioxidant activity of royal jelly (RJ) hydrolysates obtained from three commercial proteases. Enzyme-treated royal jelly (ERJ), in which the RJ hydrolysates were converted into easy-to-absorb shorter chain monomers through the removal of two known allergen proteins, showed no difference in the content of ( E )-10-hydroxydec-2-enoicacid (10-HDA) or the freshness parameter and showed a significant increase in total free amino acid content...
February 2018: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Aslaug Drotningsvik, Linn Anja Vikøren, Svein Are Mjøs, Åge Oterhals, Daniela Pampanin, Ola Flesland, Oddrun Anita Gudbrandsen
Proteins from different fish species and different raw materials such as fish fillets and by-products have shown promising cardioprotective effects in rodents and humans, including effects on cholesterol metabolism. Blue whiting is used mainly to produce fish meal for the feed industry and during this production, a water-soluble protein fraction, containing small peptides that are easily absorbed and may hold bioactive properties, is isolated. The effects of water-soluble fish protein on cholesterol metabolism were investigated in twelve male obese Zucker fa/fa rats...
May 1, 2018: Marine Drugs
Martin Jensen Søe, Peter Nejsum, Frederik Valeur Seersholm, Brian Lund Fredensborg, Ruben Habraken, Kirstine Haase, Mette Marie Hald, Rikke Simonsen, Flemming Højlund, Louise Blanke, Inga Merkyte, Eske Willerslev, Christian Moliin Outzen Kapel
High-resolution insight into parasitic infections and diet of past populations in Northern Europe and the Middle East (500 BC- 1700 AD) was obtained by pre-concentration of parasite eggs from ancient latrines and deposits followed by shotgun sequencing of DNA. Complementary profiling of parasite, vertebrate and plant DNA proved highly informative in the study of ancient health, human-animal interactions as well as animal and plant dietary components. Most prominent were finding of soil-borne parasites transmitted directly between humans, but also meat-borne parasites that require consumption of raw or undercooked fish and pork...
2018: PloS One
Lakhsmi Sammugam, Visweswara Rao Pasupuleti
Processed foods, generally known as modified raw foods produced by innovative processing technologies alters the food constituents such natural enzymes, fatty acids, micronutrients, macronutrients and vitamins. In contrast to fresh and unprocessed foods, processed foods are guaranteed to be safer, imperishable, long lasting and consist high level of nutrients bioactivity. Currently, the evolution in food processing technologies is necessary to face food security and safety, nutrition demand, its availability and also other global challenges in the food system...
April 25, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Lihong Yuan, Shawn Wilder, David Raubenheimer, Stephen J Simpson, Michelle Shaw, Bronwyn M McAllan
Diet regulation behavior can mediate the consequences of imbalanced diets for animal well-being, particularly for captive species that have little dietary choice. Dasyurids (carnivorous marsupials) are of conservation concern in Australia, and many species are in captive breeding programmes. However, their nutrient targets and dietary regulation behaviors are poorly understood, a limitation that may decrease the breeding success and well-being of captive animals. We tested how dietary protein content influenced the intake and utilization of nutrients, physical activity, and body mass of fat-tailed dunnarts Sminthopsis crassicaudata ...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
R C Anderson, K M Armstrong, W Young, P Maclean, D G Thomas, E N Bermingham
Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression microarray profiling is a minimally invasive tool used in human diet intervention studies. In this study, PBMC gene expression was determined in dogs fed kibble or raw red meat diets for 9 weeks to test the hypothesis that diet influences canine immune cell gene expression profiles. The two diets were associated with differences in PBMC gene expression profiles, which corresponded with changes in plasma IgA concentrations. Analysis of PBMC gene expression profiles might provide useful insights into the long term effects of diet on health outcomes in dogs...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
I Luzardo-Ocampo, R Campos-Vega, M L Cuellar-Nuñez, P A Vázquez-Landaverde, L Mojica, J A Acosta-Gallegos, G Loarca-Piña
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are low-level inflammation processes affected by several factors including diet. It has been reported that mixed whole grain and legume consumption, e.g. corn and common bean, might be a beneficial combination due to its content of bioactive compounds. A considerable amount would be retained in the non-digestible fraction (NDF), reaching the colon, where microbiota produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and phenolic compounds (PC) with known anti-inflammatory effect...
September 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Shao Jia Zhou, Rebecca L Greco, Rosalie Grivell, Jennie Louise, Andrea Deussen, Jodie Dodd, Lisa J Moran
BACKGROUND: Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations are associated with decreased intake of high-risk foods. Whether awareness of the recommendations affect dietary quality of pregnant women in Australian is unknown. AIM: To evaluate awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations during pregnancy and its impact on dietary quality. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=81) were recruited from antenatal clinics...
April 17, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Anna Marseglia, Weili Xu, Laura Fratiglioni, Cristina Fabbri, Agnes A M Berendsen, Agata Bialecka-Debek, Amy Jennings, Rachel Gillings, Nathalie Meunier, Elodie Caumon, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Barbara Pietruszka, Lisette C P G M De Groot, Aurelia Santoro, Claudio Franceschi
Background: Findings from animal and epidemiological research support the potential neuroprotective benefits from healthy diets. However, to establish diet-neuroprotective causal relations, evidence from dietary intervention studies is needed. NU-AGE is the first multicenter intervention assessing whether a diet targeting health in aging can counteract the age-related physiological changes in different organs, including the brain. In this study, we specifically investigated the effects of NU-AGE's dietary intervention on age-related cognitive decline...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
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