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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150879/modification-of-the-lipid-profile-and-antioxidant-status-of-the-blood-plasma-of-turkey-hens-fed-mixtures-with-raw-or-extruded-linseed
#1
A Czech, K Ognik, M Laszewska, E Cholewińska, A Stępniowska
The aim of the study was to determine the most beneficial proportion of raw linseed in complete feed mixtures for turkey hens on the basis of lipid and redox indicators in the blood. In experiment 1, the turkey hens received the complete mixture with 2%, 4% or 6% linseed. On the basis of the results obtained in experiment 1, we selected the most effective proportion of linseed, which was given to the birds in the group receiving a 4% linseed additive. In experiment 2, the birds were fed mixtures with a 4% addition of raw or extruded linseed...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146892/intermedin-ameliorates-atherosclerosis-by-increasing-cholesterol-efflux-through-the-camp-pka-pathway-in-macrophage-raw264-7-cell-line
#2
Hang Liao, Shixi Wan, Xin Zhang, Di Shi, Xiaojiang Zhu, Xiaoping Chen
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the role of intermedin and its mechanism in cholesterol efflux of macrophage THP-1 and RAW264.7 cell lines in atherosclerosis (AS). MATERIAL AND METHODS ApoE-/- mice were fed with a high-fat diet, and the concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. The lipidoses of the aortic sinus were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, and the cAMP level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137145/dietary-pea-fiber-supplementation-improves-glycemia-and-induces-changes-in-the-composition-of-gut-microbiota-serum-short-chain-fatty-acid-profile-and-expression-of-mucins-in-glucose-intolerant-rats
#3
Zohre Hashemi, Janelle Fouhse, Hyun Seun Im, Catherine B Chan, Benjamin P Willing
Several studies have demonstrated the beneficial impact of dried peas and their components on glucose tolerance; however, the role of gut microbiota as a potential mediator is not fully examined. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary supplementation with raw and cooked pea seed coats (PSC) on glucose tolerance, microbial composition of the gut, select markers of intestinal barrier function, and short chain fatty acid profile in glucose intolerant rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were fed high fat diet (HFD) for six weeks to induce glucose intolerance, followed by four weeks of feeding PSC-supplemented diets...
November 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134675/analytical-approach-dissipation-pattern-and-risk-assessment-of-pesticide-residue-in-green-leafy-vegetables-a-comprehensive-review
#4
REVIEW
Waziha Farha, A M Abd El-Aty, Md Musfiqur Rahman, Ji Hoon Jeong, Ho-Chul Shin, Jing Wang, Sung Shik Shin, Jae-Han Shim
The category of "leafy vegetables" comprises a wide range of plants, including cabbage, lettuce, leeks, spinach, Swiss chard, and kale, and it forms a significant component of the human diet. Typically, leafy vegetables are low in calories and fat, are great sources of vitamins, protein, dietary fibre, minerals (including iron, calcium, and nitrates), and are rich in phytochemicals. To counter the impact of pests on vegetables, a broad variety of pesticides is used. Because of their large surface areas, leafy vegetables are expected to have high residual pesticide levels...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134141/metabarcoding-analysis-of-the-stomach-contents-of-the-antarctic-toothfish-dissostichus-mawsoni-collected-in-the-antarctic-ocean
#5
Tae-Ho Yoon, Hye-Eun Kang, Soo Rin Lee, Jae-Bong Lee, Gun Wook Baeck, Hyun Park, Hyun-Woo Kim
Stomach contents of the Antarctic toothfish, Dissostichus mawsoni, collected from subareas 58.4 and 88.3, were analyzed using next generation sequencing (NGS) technology. After processing the raw reads generated by the MiSeq platform, a total of 131,233 contigs (130 operational taxonomic units [OTUs]) were obtained from 163 individuals in subarea 58.4, and 75,961 contigs (105 OTUs) from 164 fish in subarea 88.3. At 98% sequence identity, species names were assigned to most OTUs in this study, indicating the quality of the DNA barcode database for the Antarctic Ocean was sufficient for molecular analysis, especially for fish species...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103281/effects-of-dietary-fermented-spent-coffee-ground-on-nutrient-digestibility-and-nitrogen-utilization-in-sheep
#6
Yongjun Choi, Jongsu Rim, Youngjun Na, Sang Rak Lee
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effect of fermented spent coffee ground (FSCG) on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen utilization in sheep. Methods: Fermentation of spent coffee ground (SCG) was conducted using Lactobacillus plantrum. Fermentation was performed at moisture content of 70% and temperature of 39°C with anaerobic air tension for 48 h. Four adult rams (initial body weight = 56.8 ± 0.4 kg) were housed in a respiration-metabolism chamber and the treatments were: 1) control (Basal diet; 0% SCG or FSCG), 2) 10% level of SCG, 3) 10% level of fermented SCG (FSCG), and 4) 20% level of FSCG in 4 × 4 Latin square design...
November 3, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102140/different-durations-of-whole-raw-soybean-supplementation-during-the-prepartum-period-milk-fatty-acid-profile-and-oocyte-and-embryo-quality-of-early-lactating-holstein-cows
#7
R Gardinal, G D Calomeni, F Zanferari, T H A Vendramini, C S Takiya, T A Del Valle, F P Renno
The objective of this study was to evaluate different durations of whole raw soybeans (WS) supplementation during the prepartum period on nutrient digestibility, milk yield and composition, energy balance, blood metabolites, and oocyte and embryo quality of transition cows. Thirty-one Holstein cows were used in a completely randomized design and assigned to 4 experimental groups (G): G90, G60, G30, and G0 (control), supplemented with a diet containing 12% of WS from 90, 60, 30, and 0 d relative to the calving date, respectively...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102135/different-durations-of-whole-raw-soybean-supplementation-during-the-prepartum-period-measures-of-cellular-immune-function-in-transition-cows
#8
R Gardinal, G D Calomeni, F Zanferari, T H A Vendramini, C S Takiya, H G Bertagnon, C F Batista, A M M P Della Libera, F P Renno
The objective of this study was to evaluate different durations of whole raw soybean (WS) supplementation (diet rich in n-6 fatty acid) during the prepartum period on cellular immune function of dairy cows in the transition period and early lactation. Thirty-one Holstein cows were used in a completely randomized design and assigned to 4 experimental groups (G) [G90, G60, G30, and G0 (control)] supplemented with a diet containing 12% of WS from 90, 60, 30 and 0 d relative to the calving date, respectively. Cows were dried off 60 d before the expected calving date...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067710/standardized-ileal-digestibility-of-amino-acids-in-european-soya-bean-and-rapeseed-products-fed-to-growing-pigs
#9
C Kaewtapee, R Mosenthin, S Nenning, M Wiltafsky, M Schäffler, M Eklund, P Rosenfelder-Kuon
This study was conducted to determine the chemical composition and standardized ileal digestibility coefficients (SID) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) of European soya bean and rapeseed products in pigs. Six soya bean and two rapeseed products were used as the sole dietary source of CP and AA, including raw (FFSB) and roasted full-fat soya beans (FFSBRoasted ), soya bean (SBC) and rapeseed cake (RSC), and rapeseed meal (RSM) from Bavaria (Germany), soya bean meal (SBM) from the Danube region (Austria; SBMAustria ), a commercially available standard SBM (SBMStd ) and an imported genetically modified organism-free SBM (SBMGMO-free )...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056692/raw-meat-based-diets-in-dogs-and-cats
#10
Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Tiina Heikkilä, Noora Pernu, Sara Kovanen, Anna Hielm-Björkman, Rauni Kivistö
Feeding pets raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) is commonly practiced by many companion animal owners and has received increasing attention in recent years. It may be beneficial for the animals, but may also pose a health risk for both pets and their owners, as RMBDs may be contaminated by enteric pathogens-such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia-which are the most common zoonotic bacteria causing enteritis in humans. Little information exists on the prevalence of these pathogens in pet food, and thus one aim was to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in commercial RMBDs from retail stores...
June 28, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051826/apparent-and-standardized-ileal-nutrient-digestibility-of-broiler-diets-containing-varying-levels-of-raw-full-fat-soybean-and-microbial-protease
#11
Mammo M Erdaw, Rider A Perez-Maldonado, Paul A Iji
BACKGROUND: Although soybean meal (SBM) is excellent source of protein in diets for poultry, it is sometimes inaccessible, costly and fluctuates in supply. The SBM can partially be replaced by full-fat SBM, but the meals prepared from raw full-fat soybean contain antinutritional factors. To avoid the risk of antinutritional factors, heat treatment is always advisable, but either excessive or under heating the soybean could negatively affect the quality. However, the potential for further improvement of SBM by supplementing with microbial enzymes has been suggested by many researchers...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050410/effect-of-feeding-soybean-meal-and-differently-processed-peas-on-intestinal-morphology-and-functional-glucose-transport-in-the-small-intestine-of-broilers
#12
I Röhe, F Goodarzi Boroojeni, J Zentek
Peas are locally grown legumes being rich in protein and starch. However, the broad usage of peas as a feed component in poultry nutrition is limited to anti-nutritional factors, which might impair gut morphology and function. This study investigated the effect of feeding raw or differently processed peas compared with feeding a soybean meal-based control diet (C) on intestinal morphology and nutrient transport in broilers. A total of 360 day-old broiler chicks were fed with one of the following diets: The C diet, and 3 diets containing raw peas (RP), fermented peas (FP) and enzymatically pre-digested peas (EP), each supplying 30% of dietary crude protein...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024064/physiological-and-health-related-response-of-broiler-chickens-fed-diets-containing-raw-full-fat-soya-bean-meal-supplemented-with-microbial-protease
#13
M M Erdaw, R A Perez-Maldonado, P A Iji
A 2 × 3 factorial study (protease: 0 or 1,5000 PROT/kg and raw full-fat soya bean meal [RSBM] replacing the commercial SBM at 0, 45 and 75 g/kg of diet) was conducted to examine the performance of broilers. Phytase (2000 FYT/kg) was uniformly added to each diet, each also replicated six times, with eight birds per replicate. Birds were raised in climate-controlled rooms using sawdust as the bedding material and offered starter, grower and finisher diets. Feed intake (FI) and body weight gain (BWG) were reduced (p < ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990224/evaluation-of-haematological-serum-biochemical-and-histopathological-parameters-of-growing-rabbits-fed-amaranthus-dubius
#14
E Molina, P González-Redondo, R Moreno-Rojas, K Montero-Quintero, N Chirinos-Quintero, A Sánchez-Urdaneta
Amaranthus dubius is an alternative source of fibre and protein for the feed formulation for growing rabbits, although its effects on their health status are yet unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of three dietary levels (0, 160 and 320 g/kg) of A. dubius on haematological, serum biochemical and histopathological parameters of fattening rabbits. One hundred and thirteen New Zealand White rabbits were fed ad libitum from weaning (35 days) to slaughter (87 days). The health status of the animals was monitored, and mortality was recorded...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988154/checking-the-detail-in-retail-occurrence-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-on-vegetables-sold-across-different-counters-in-chandigarh-india
#15
Kjersti Selstad Utaaker, Anil Kumar, Himanshu Joshi, Suman Chaudhary, Lucy J Robertson
Fresh produce has been recognized as a vehicle of infection for protozoan parasites, particularly Cryptosporidium, and, to a lesser extent, Giardia. For both parasites, outbreaks associated with fresh produce have been documented. Although documented outbreaks tend to be from industrialized countries, contamination of fresh produce with these parasites is a global issue. In developing countries, infections with these parasites are often endemic in the community, and basic infrastructure and hygiene measures may be inadequate, thus the likelihood of contamination of fresh produce with these parasites may be higher...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983979/effect-of-marine-by-product-meals-on-hen-egg-production-parameters-yolk-lipid-composition-and-sensory-quality
#16
E Toyes-Vargas, R Ortega-Pérez, J L Espinoza-Villavicencio, M Arellano-Pérez, R Civera, E Palacios
The effect of including 5% marine by-product meals in feeds of laying hens on egg production, composition and sensory characteristics was tested. Marine by-product meals were prepared using two methods: (i) cooking (100°C/10 min) followed by drying (60°C/24 hr) or (ii) grinding followed by drying. The raw materials used for meal production were scallop or squid viscera, shrimp heads or whole mackerel. A total of 108 laying hens were allocated to nine diet treatments; one control diet (corn and soya bean based) and eight experimental diets, containing 95% of the control feed and 5% of the experimental meal for three weeks...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981820/oral-digestion-and-perception-of-starch-effects-of-cooking-tasting-time-and-salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-activity
#17
Trina J Lapis, Michael H Penner, Amy S Balto, Juyun Lim
Since starch is a significant part of human diet, its oral detection would be highly beneficial. This study was designed to determine whether starch or its degradation products can be tasted and what factors influence its perception. Subjects were asked 1) to taste 8% raw and cooked starch samples for 5, 15, and 35 s and rate perceived intensities of sweetness and "other" taste (i.e., other than sweet), 2) to donate saliva to obtain salivary flow rate (mg/s) and salivary α-amylase activity (per mg saliva), and 3) to fill out a carbohydrate consumption survey...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977618/chemometric-assessment-of-chromatographic-methods-for-herbal-medicines-authentication-and-fingerprinting
#18
Ioana Anamaria Sima, Melinda Andrási, Costel Sârbu
Nowadays, increasingly more individuals turn to supplementation of the diet with herbal medicines and many such products are marketed lately. Thus the problem that this article focuses on is that these products are not subjected to rigorous quality control like synthetic drugs are, which rises a constant debate whether the supplements actually contain the herb or mixture of herbs that the manufacturer claims they do. As a solution, micellar electrokinetic chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography were investigated in order to fingerprint and authenticate herbal medicines...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971287/glycemic-response-after-glucose-oral-administration-of-wild-juvenile-red-grouper-epinephelus-morio-fed-two-different-diets
#19
A Castillo, A Alvarez, G Cuzon, J Suárez, G Gaxiola
Epinephelus morio is a large carnivorous species of the Caribbean Sea under reproduction in captivity and nutritional physiology. A diet with raw cornstarch (RCS) was compared to a basal diet without starch (basal) to measure plasma glucose, liver glycogen, and intermediary metabolism. Glucose level did not change (p > 0.05) whereas liver glycogen was significantly higher in fish fed the RCS diet (137.2 ± 14.5 mg g(-1)) than in fish fed the basal diet (87.4 ± 14.5 mg g(-1)). Oral glucose administration (170 mg glucose per 100 g body weight) yielded a slight change; two peaks of plasma glucose were recorded with basal (5...
October 3, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965518/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antioxidant-potential-of-milks-yoghurts-fermented-milks-and-cheeses-a-narrative-review-of-evidence
#20
Anthony Fardet, Edmond Rock
The antioxidant potential (AP) is an important nutritional property of foods, as increased oxidative stress is involved in most diet-related chronic diseases. In dairy products, the protein fraction contains antioxidant activity, especially casein. Other antioxidants include: antioxidant enzymes; lactoferrin; conjugated linoleic acid; coenzyme Q10; vitamins C, E, A and D3; equol; uric acid; carotenoids; and mineral activators of antioxidant enzymes. The AP of dairy products has been extensively studied in vitro, with few studies in animals and human subjects...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
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