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Sex And Wait Time

Kara D Polen, Suzanne M Gilboa, Susan Hills, Titilope Oduyebo, Katrin S Kohl, John T Brooks, Alys Adamski, Regina M Simeone, Allison T Walker, Dmitry M Kissin, Lyle R Petersen, Margaret A Honein, Dana Meaney-Delman
Zika virus infection can occur as a result of mosquitoborne or sexual transmission of the virus. Infection during pregnancy is a cause of fetal brain abnormalities and other serious birth defects (1,2). CDC has updated the interim guidance for men with possible Zika virus exposure who 1) are planning to conceive with their partner, or 2) want to prevent sexual transmission of Zika virus at any time (3). CDC now recommends that men with possible Zika virus exposure who are planning to conceive with their partner wait for at least 3 months after symptom onset (if symptomatic) or their last possible Zika virus exposure (if asymptomatic) before engaging in unprotected sex...
August 10, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Maria Jose Abadias Medrano, Oriol Yuguero Torres, Ignasi Bardés Robles, Luis Fernando Casas-Méndez, Ferran Barbé, Jordi de Batlle
To describe the characteristics of patients visiting a Hospital Emergency Department (HED) due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation (AECOPD) and to evaluate their management.A cross-sectional study of the first 219 patients with AECOPD visiting the HED of the University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain, was performed from January to May 2016. The data collected included the following: main patient characteristics, diagnostic tests, applied treatments, response times, discharge destination, need for hospital admission, and re-admissions and deaths at 90 days...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hugo González Saldivar, Lourdes Vicent Alaminos, Carlos Rodríguez-Pascual, Gonzalo de la Morena, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Carmen Amorós, Mario Baquero Alonso, Luis Martínez Dolz, Albert Ariza Solé, Gabriela Guzmán-Martínez, Juan José Gómez-Doblas, Antonio Arribas Jiménez, María Eugenia Fuentes, Laura Galian Gay, Martín Ruiz Ortiz, Pablo Avanzas, Emad Abu-Assi, Tomás Ripoll-Vera, Oscar Díaz-Castro, Eduardo Pozo Osinalde, Eva Bernal, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Current therapeutic options for severe aortic stenosis (AS) include transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Our aim was to describe the prognosis of patients with severe AS after the decision to perform an intervention, to study the variables influencing their prognosis, and to describe the determinants of waiting time > 2 months. METHODS: Subanalysis of the IDEAS (Influence of the Severe Aortic Stenosis Diagnosis) registry in patients indicated for TAVI or SAVR...
July 8, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
Beatrice Borchi, Marisol Barao Ocampo, Giuseppe Cimino, Giovanna Pizzamiglio, Silvia Bresci, Cesare Braggion
BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Centers are involved in the decisions regarding the eligibility of CF patients with end-stage lung disease and timing for inclusion on waiting lists (WL) for lung transplantation (LT). There are currently no data on the mortality rates of Italian CF patients on WL and during the first year after LT and we aimed to assess these outcomes by surveying the CF Centers. METHODS: A survey was sent to Italian CF Centers which were requested to report the age at which all CF subjects included on the WL between 2010 and 2014 were included on the list, admitted to either standard or urgent LT, or had died either while on the WL or within the first 3 and 12 months after LT...
June 28, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Frank Neuhauser, Yonatan Ben-Shalom, David Stapleton
Purpose Examine the potential for using information in short-term disability claims to identify workers at high risk of leaving the workforce and entering Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). Methods We analyze state-wide California data on claimants of State Disability Insurance (SDI) and Workers' Compensation (WC) and present statistics on: (1) characteristics (primary diagnosis, sex, age, geography, wage level) by claim duration (0-3, 4-6, 7-12, 12 + months); and (2) the ability of initial claim characteristics to predict duration of at least 12 months...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Stephanie M Carlson, Yuichi Shoda, Ozlem Ayduk, Lawrence Aber, Catherine Schaefer, Anita Sethi, Nicole Wilson, Philip K Peake, Walter Mischel
In the 1960s at Stanford University's Bing Preschool, children were given the option of taking an immediate, smaller reward or receiving a delayed, larger reward by waiting until the experimenter returned. Since then, the "Marshmallow Test" has been used in numerous studies to assess delay of gratification. Yet, no prior study has compared the performance of children across the decades. Common wisdom suggests children today would wait less long, preferring immediate gratification. Study 1 confirmed this intuition in a survey of adults in the United States (N = 354; Mdn age = 34 years)...
June 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
Rhoune Ochako, Jerry Okal, Steven Kimetu, Ian Askew, Marleen Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are predisposed to a broad range of social, sexual and reproductive health problems such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV, unintended pregnancy, violence, sexual exploitation, stigma and discrimination. Female sex workers have unmet need for contraceptives and require comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) prevention interventions. Existing programs pay little attention to the broad sexual and reproductive health and rights of these women and often focus on HIV and other STIs prevention, care and treatment while neglecting their reproductive health needs, including access to family planning methods...
June 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Suong Thi Thao Nguyen, Eiko Yamamoto, Mai Thi Ngoc Nguyen, Huy Bao Le, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Yu Mon Saw, Cong Duc Nguyen, Nobuyuki Hamajima
Vietnam is facing a problem of over-crowding in public hospitals. Long waiting time is a major dissatisfaction for patients. Reducing waiting time benefits not only patients but also hospitals in decreasing overall workload. To identify factors contributing to long waiting time in outpatient clinics, a cross-sectional study was conducted at a national hospital in Vietnam. The time for each process of 7,931 patients who visited the outpatient clinics within Thong Nhat Hospital from 5 to 9 September 2016 was collected from the computerized clinical database...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
Marc d'Elbée, Pitchaya P Indravudh, Lawrence Mwenge, Moses M Kumwenda, Musonda Simwinga, Augustine T Choko, Bernadette Hensen, Melissa Neuman, Jason J Ong, Euphemia L Sibanda, Cheryl C Johnson, Karin Hatzold, Frances M Cowan, Helen Ayles, Elizabeth L Corbett, Fern Terris-Prestholt
OBJECTIVES: The current research identifies key drivers of demand for linkage into care following a reactive HIV self-test result in Malawi and Zambia. Preferences are explored among the general population and key groups such as HIV-positive individuals and adolescents. DESIGN: We used discrete choice experiments (DCEs) embedded in representative household surveys to quantify the relative strength of preferences for various HIV services characteristics. METHODS: The DCE was designed on the basis of a literature review and qualitative studies...
June 11, 2018: AIDS
Dakshitha Praneeth Wickramasinghe, Umesh Jayarajah, Dharmabandhu Nandadeva Samarasekera
OBJECTIVES: Anorectal manometry (ARM) is an integral part of evaluating the anal sphincter function. The current recommendation of waiting for 5 min (lead-in-time) prior to beginning the recording has no evidence. A prolonged procedure may reduce patient compliance. RESULTS: We analyzed data from 100 consecutive patients who underwent 3-dimensional ARM at a single center. Their pressure studies were analyzed in consecutive 10-s segments, beginning from the time of insertion of the probe into the anal canal...
June 5, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Julia M Rosenbloom, Sara M Burns, Eugene Kim, David A August, Vilma E Ortiz, Timothy T Houle
BACKGROUND: Although racial/ethnic and sex disparities have been examined in health care generally and pain management more specifically, the combined influence of these sociodemographic factors together has not been well documented. The aim of this study was to examine the association between administration of opioid analgesics in the emergency department (ED) and interaction of race/ethnicity and sex. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using 2010-2014 Center for Disease Control-National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data for patients 12-55 years of age presenting to EDs with a primary diagnosis of appendicitis or gallbladder disease as defined by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes...
May 31, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jenny Bergqvist, Hanna Iderberg, Johan Mesterton, Roger Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate an effect of sociodemographic factors on risk for being diagnosed with, as well as on survival of cancer in general. Our primary aim was to analyse sociodemographic factors, resource use and lead times in health care after diagnosis with high grade malignant glioma (HGG) in a large population based cohort. METHODS: A register-based study using several unique high-coverage registries. All patients over the age of 18 diagnosed with HGG in the Swedish Stockholm-Gotland region between 2001 and 2013 (n = 1149) were included...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Zhongchen Luo, Lingling Gao, Ronald Anguzu, Juanjuan Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the intentions of and barriers to the use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) in the post-abortion period among women seeking abortion in mainland China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2015 to December 2015 using a waiting room questionnaire. A total of 381 women seeking abortions were recruited at a public hospital abortion clinic. The outcome variable was an 'intention-to-use' LARCs in the immediate post-abortion period...
May 24, 2018: Reproductive Health
Seong Hwan Shin, Sung Pyo Park, Yong Kyu Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate factors associated with pain intensity following intravitreal injection and factors that might be associated with changes in pain intensity in patients who received repeated injections. METHODS: A total of 172 eyes (147 patients) were prospectively enrolled. Patients rated their pain from 0 to 10 using a visual analogue scale. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate factors associated with pain score. Sixty-eight patients evaluated their degree of pain more than once and were divided into three groups according to changes in pain during repeated injections...
June 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
Awoke Seyoum Tegegne, Principal Ndlovu, Temesgen Zewotir
BACKGROUND: HIV has the most serious effects in Sub-Saharan African countries as compared to countries in other parts of the world. As part of these countries, Ethiopia has been affected significantly by the disease, and the burden of the disease has become worst in the Amhara Region, one of the eleven regions of the country. Being a defaulter or dropout of HIV patients from the treatment plays a significant role in treatment failure. The current research was conducted with the objective of comparing the performance of the joint and the separate modelling approaches in determining important factors that affect HIV patients' longitudinal CD4 cell count change and time to default from treatment...
April 27, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Vicky Lehmann, Madelaine C Keim, Amanda C Ferrante, Randal S Olshefski, Cynthia A Gerhardt
OBJECTIVE: To extend the limited research on psychosexual development among childhood cancer survivors, by not only focusing on the prevalence and age of milestone attainment, but also survivors' attitudes toward the timing of reaching such milestones. METHODS: Adult survivors of childhood cancer (N = 90; Mage  = 29.8, SD = 5.2), recruited from a US pediatric institution, completed online surveys indicating whether they had reached 5 milestones of psychosexual development (ie, first kiss, first boy-/girlfriend, first physical intimacy, sexual debut, first time in love), age at attainment, and perceptions about the timing (ie, right time, wished it had happened earlier, wished they had waited)...
April 27, 2018: Psycho-oncology
M Loizzo, F Gallo, D Caruso
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic Therapeutic Pathways (DTPs) are multidisciplinary plans designed by each healthcare organization for a specific category of patients to reduce the variability of professional behaviors and to ensure greater safety and better overall healthcare outcomes. Hip fractures are a frequent traumatic injury, particularly in the elderly, and DTPs recommend early surgical intervention, often not done due to organizational challenges and bureaucracy. Medical conditions suggesting a delay are not frequent, however long waiting times not only increase the risk of complications and mortality, but also increase the number of diagnostic test and physician consultations...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
K A Wade, S I Ndong, M B Kounta, D T Ngom, S OuldEthmane, A Gassama, F Y Bah, B Diatta
Overloaded emergency departments are common around the world. This prospective, descriptive, and analytical study evaluates the reasons for emergency room use and describes the severity of the patients' conditions and how they reach the emergency department. It took place at the emergency department of the principal hospital of Dakar (the Armed Forces Teaching Hospital) over a one-week period (from August 23 to August 30, 2016) and included a sample of 219 patients of both sexes aged 15 years and older. Data were collected about social and demographic characteristics, reasons for choosing the emergency department rather than other care, time of day, day of the week, accessibility, means of transport, diagnosis, and severity...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Andres Luque Ramos, Falk Hoffmann, Ove Spreckelsen
BACKGROUND: Waiting times for an outpatient appointment in Germany differ between insurants of the statutory and private health insurance schemes, especially for specialised care. The aim of this study was to uncover possible differences in waiting times depending on health insurance scheme and to identify predictors for excessive waiting times in primary care. METHODS: We used data of the Bertelsmann Foundation Healthcare Monitor, which is a repeated cross sectional study dealing with experiences in health care and attitudes towards current health policy themes...
March 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Harissou Adamou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Oumarou Habou, Ousseini Adakal, Kabirou Ganiou, Magagi Amadou
Background: To describe the aetiological and prognostic aspects of acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) in children at Zinder National Hospital (Niger). Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on a period to January 2013-June 2015. The database included all children under 15 years of age with a surgical diagnosis of mechanical intestinal obstruction. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for analysis. Results: AMIOs represent 21...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
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