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Sex And Wait Time

H X Shi, J Z Wu, G B Chen, B Z Zhu, W Y Yan, L Chen, Y J Xiao, L Y Zhang
Objective: To assess the effectiveness in optimizing resources and shortening critical children's waiting time in pediatric emergency department (PED) with five-level pediatric emergency triage system (PETS). Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University after PETS was applied. The data of patients who visited the pediatric emergency department from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected and analyzed, including age, sex, diseases, visiting time, triage rate and destination...
December 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Mélanie Ann Smithman, Astrid Brousselle, Nassera Touati, Antoine Boivin, Kareen Nour, Carl-Ardy Dubois, Christine Loignon, Djamal Berbiche, Mylaine Breton
BACKGROUND: Access to primary healthcare is an important social determinant of health and having a regular general practitioner (GP) has been shown to improve access. In Canada, socio-economically disadvantaged patients are more likely to be unattached (i.e. not have a regular GP). In the province of Quebec, where over 30% of the population is unattached, centralized waiting lists were implemented to help patients find a GP. Our objectives were to examine the association between social and material deprivation and 1) likelihood of attachment, and 2) wait time for attachment to a GP through centralized waiting lists...
December 4, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Takahisa Ogawa, Takuya Aoki, Shinichi Shirasawa
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture constitutes a high-mortality injury in elderly patients. In addition, caregiver burden is also a relevant issue, as patients after hip fracture surgery lose ambulation and require support in the perioperative period and after discharge. Early surgery is recommended to improve mortality. However the positive effect of early surgery on the short-term postoperative ambulatory function is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine whether a shorter waiting time for hip fracture surgery improves short-term postoperative mobility in elderly patients...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Lucia Liao, Lilia Reyes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if a racial disparity exists in the administration of an analgesic, time to receiving analgesic, and type of analgesic administered to children with long-bone fractures. Prior studies have reported the existence of racial disparity but were mostly in adult and urban populations. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of 727 pediatric patients (aged 2-17 years) with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (or 10th revision) codes for long-one fractures in an emergency department that cares for a suburban and rural population between January 2013 and January 2016...
November 26, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, Tori A Edmiston, Sean Kearns, Kyle Petersen, Brett R Levine
Patient satisfaction has become a topic of interest within orthopedics as the landscape of provider reimbursement continues to evolve to reward value of care. Online internet physician rating sites are becoming increasingly popular ways for patients to subjectively express their provider experience. Understanding what patients value during their episode of care is important in the modern healthcare environment. The purpose of this study is to determine what preferences, if any, patients have when selecting their physician and how they experience care in an outpatient orthopedic setting...
October 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Keenan Withers, Clare Bristow, Minh Nguyen, Chrysovalantis Stafylis, Le M Giang, Jeffrey D Klausner
The SD BIOLINE HIV/Syphilis Duo (SD BIOLINE DUO) rapid test is a dual rapid lateral flow immunoassay that detects antibodies to both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Treponema pallidum (TP) 'syphilis' via fingerprick whole blood. We evaluated the field performance of the SD BIOLINE HIV/Syphilis Duo test among two populations in Hanoi, Vietnam - men who have sex with men (MSM) and pregnant women. We also surveyed factors that influence participants' willingness to test for HIV and syphilis. This test has the potential to increase HIV and syphilis screening in low-resource settings...
October 23, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Jason M Sutherland, Kevin Wing, Alastair Younger, Murray Penner, Andrea Veljkovic, Guiping Liu, Trafford Crump
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of delayed access to bunion correction (hallux valgus) surgery on patient-reported outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the association between preoperative wait time for bunion correction surgery and postoperative patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: This study prospectively recruited patients to complete preoperative patient-reported outcomes measuring depression, pain, and foot and ankle health, including the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); the pain intensity (P), interference with enjoyment (E) of life and general (G) instrument (ie, PEG); and the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), a condition-specific instrument...
October 21, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Frederik Nevens
Despite near universal use of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) several patients with PBC still progress to liver transplant (LT) or death. Pruritus and fatigue are the most common symptoms. Liver transplantation for pruritus is highly effective but fatigue will not disappear in the majority of the patients. In contrast to other liver diseases, portal hypertension may develop in pre-cirrhotic patients with PBC. Patients with PBC have an incidence rate of 3.4 hepatocellular carcinoma cases for every 1000 patient-years and risk factors are advanced stage of the disease and male sex...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Rui-Jian Peng, Yong-Hong Zhang, Xiao-Hui Li, Hua-Nan Shi, Yan-Jun Lu, Qi Yang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss clinical outcomes of accordion operation for the Ilizarov technique in treating tibial bone defects. METHODS: From January 2014 to June 2016, 22 patients with tibial bone defects were treated by Ilizarov bone-transport technique, including 19 males and 3 females with an average age of 44.04 years old ranging from 23 to 60 years old;the length of the bone defects before the bone transport was 5 to 11 cm with an average 7.68 cm; Cause of injury invlved traffic accidents in 14 cases, fall injury in 3, smashing injury in 4, high drop injury in 1; 6 cases were on the left and 16 cases were on the right...
September 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Hasham M Alvi, Rachel M Thompson, Varun Krishnan, Mary J Kwasny, Matthew D Beal, David W Manning
The morbidity and mortality after hip fracture in the elderly are influenced by non-modifiable comorbidities. Time-to-surgery is a modifiable factor that may play a role in postoperative morbidity. This study investigates the outcomes and complications in the elderly hip fracture surgery as a function of time-to-surgery. Using the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data from 2011 to 2012, a study population was generated using the Current Procedural Terminology codes for percutaneous or open treatment of femoral neck fractures (27235, 27236) and fixation with a screw and side plate or intramedullary fixation (27244, 27245) for peritrochanteric fractures...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Amanda Thijsen, Carley N Gemelli, Tanya E Davison, Justine O'Donovan, Barbara Bell, Barbara Masser
BACKGROUND: Vasovagal reactions (VVRs) have a negative impact on donor safety and return. Applied muscle tension (AMT) increases blood pressure temporarily and has been suggested as a way to reduce donors' risk of VVRs. This study evaluated whether using AMT at three different time points during the donation procedure reduces the VVR symptoms reported by donors and the VVR reactions recorded by phlebotomists. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A three-arm, multicenter, open-label randomized controlled trial was used to compare VVR symptoms and reaction rates between those practicing AMT during the entire donation (n = 244) to practicing AMT at VVR high-risk time points (n = 250) to a standard blood donation control group (n = 240)...
October 2018: Transfusion
Isha Patel, Travis Chapman, Fabian Camacho, Shameen Shrestha, Jongwha Chang, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Steven R Feldman
Background: There is a lack of research in the USA comparing patient satisfaction with pediatricians and other primary care physicians (PCPs). We examined and compared patient satisfaction toward their pediatricians and PCPs and characterized factors associated with higher patient satisfaction in these two groups. Methods: A random coefficient model with random slope and intercept was fit to the data, with patient satisfaction as a function of pediatrician/PCP, covariates, and physician random effects...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
Lena Brandefors, Beatrice Melin, Jack Lindh, Kristina Lundqvist, Eva Kimby
We present a nationwide prospective Swedish registry-based study of Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM), that focuses on incidence and survival in relation to clinical prognostic factors and primary systemic therapies. A total of 1511 patients with WM and lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma (LPL) were registered in the Swedish Lymphoma Registry (SLR) between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2014. The age-adjusted incidence of WM/LPL was 11·5 per million persons per year, three times higher than the reported incidence worldwide...
September 10, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
Kiminobu Tanizawa, Tomohiro Handa, Takeshi Kubo, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Akihiro Aoyama, Hideki Motoyama, Kyoko Hijiya, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Yohei Oshima, Kohei Ikezoe, Shinsaku Tokuda, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Yuko Murase, Sonoko Nagai, Shigeo Muro, Toru Oga, Kazuo Chin, Toyohiro Hirai, Hiroshi Date
BACKGROUND: Radiological pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) lesion is characterized by pleural thickening with associated signs of subpleural fibrosis on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). This study evaluated the clinical significance of radiological PPFE as an isolated finding or associated with other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) in patients having fibrotic ILDs and registered for cadaveric lung transplantation (LT). METHODS: This retrospective study included 118 fibrotic ILD patients registered for LT...
August 30, 2018: Respiratory Research
Hayley J Denison, Lisa Woods, Collette Bromhead, Jane Kennedy, Rebecca Grainger, Annemarie Jutel, Elaine M Dennison
AIMS: Untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can lead to serious health complications and may be transmitted to uninfected individuals. Therefore, the early detection and subsequent management of STIs is crucial to control efforts. Time to presentation for STI symptoms and risk of transmission in this period has not been assessed in New Zealand to date. METHODS: All new clients presenting to an urban sexual health clinic (SHC) were invited to complete a questionnaire, which included demographic information, sexual health history, and details about the clinic visit...
August 31, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Tanu Anand, Jugal Kishore, Petros Isaakidis, Himanshu A Gupte, Gurmeet Kaur, Sneha Kumari, Diwakar Jha, Shekhar Grover
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports the integration of prevention and management for tuberculosis (TB) with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Bi-directional screening for TB and diabetes mellitus (DM) is already implemented in India, a country with a dual burden of TB and NCDs. However, very limited programmatic data are available on the feasibility of adding other NCDs and their risk factors in such screening programme. OBJECTIVE: To assess the yield, feasibility, and acceptability of a two-stage integrated screening for NCDs and risk factors for NCDs among patients with TB ≥20 years and treated in DOTS centres of two medical colleges in Delhi, between October 2016 and March 2017...
2018: PloS One
Chiara Di Girolamo, Sarah Walters, Carolynn Gildea, Sara Benitez Majano, Bernard Rachet, Melanie Morris
BACKGROUND: Cancer Waiting Time targets have been integrated into successive cancer strategies as indicators of cancer care quality in England. These targets are reported in national statistics for all cancers combined, but there is mixed evidence of their benefits and it is unclear if meeting Cancer Waiting Time targets, as currently defined and published, is associated with improved survival for individual patients, and thus if survival is a good metric for judging the utility of the targets...
2018: PloS One
Kara D Polen, Suzanne M Gilboa, Susan Hills, Titilope Oduyebo, Katrin S Kohl, John T Brooks, Alys Adamski, Regina M Simeone, Allison T Walker, Dmitry M Kissin, Lyle R Petersen, Margaret A Honein, Dana Meaney-Delman
Zika virus infection can occur as a result of mosquitoborne or sexual transmission of the virus. Infection during pregnancy is a cause of fetal brain abnormalities and other serious birth defects (1,2). CDC has updated the interim guidance for men with possible Zika virus exposure who 1) are planning to conceive with their partner, or 2) want to prevent sexual transmission of Zika virus at any time (3). CDC now recommends that men with possible Zika virus exposure who are planning to conceive with their partner wait for at least 3 months after symptom onset (if symptomatic) or their last possible Zika virus exposure (if asymptomatic) before engaging in unprotected sex...
August 10, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Maria Jose Abadias Medrano, Oriol Yuguero Torres, Ignasi Bardés Robles, Luis Fernando Casas-Méndez, Ferran Barbé, Jordi de Batlle
To describe the characteristics of patients visiting a Hospital Emergency Department (HED) due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation (AECOPD) and to evaluate their management.A cross-sectional study of the first 219 patients with AECOPD visiting the HED of the University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain, was performed from January to May 2016. The data collected included the following: main patient characteristics, diagnostic tests, applied treatments, response times, discharge destination, need for hospital admission, and re-admissions and deaths at 90 days...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hugo González Saldivar, Lourdes Vicent Alaminos, Carlos Rodríguez-Pascual, Gonzalo de la Morena, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Carmen Amorós, Mario Baquero Alonso, Luis Martínez Dolz, Albert Ariza Solé, Gabriela Guzmán-Martínez, Juan José Gómez-Doblas, Antonio Arribas Jiménez, María Eugenia Fuentes, Laura Galian Gay, Martín Ruiz Ortiz, Pablo Avanzas, Emad Abu-Assi, Tomás Ripoll-Vera, Oscar Díaz-Castro, Eduardo Pozo Osinalde, Eva Bernal, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Current therapeutic options for severe aortic stenosis (AS) include transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Our aim was to describe the prognosis of patients with severe AS after the decision to perform an intervention, to study the variables influencing their prognosis, and to describe the determinants of waiting time > 2 months. METHODS: Subanalysis of the IDEAS (Influence of the Severe Aortic Stenosis Diagnosis) registry in patients indicated for TAVI or SAVR...
July 8, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
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