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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917068/yamp-a-containerised-workflow-enabling-reproducibility-in-metagenomics-research
#1
Alessia Visconti, Tiphaine C Martin, Mario Falchi
YAMP is a user-friendly workflow that enables the analysis of whole shotgun metagenomic data while using containerisation to ensure computational reproducibility and facilitate collaborative research. YAMP can be executed on any UNIX-like system, and offers seamless support for multiple job schedulers as well as for Amazon AWS cloud. Although YAMP has been developed to be ready-to-use by non-experts, bioinformaticians will appreciate its flexibility, modularisation, and simple customisation. The YAMP script, parameters, and documentation are available at https://github...
June 18, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882546/relating-the-electrical-resistance-of-fresh-concrete-to-mixture-proportions
#2
K Obla, R Hong, S Sherman, D P Bentz, S Z Jones
Characterization of fresh concrete is critical for assuring the quality of our nation's constructed infrastructure. While fresh concrete arriving at a job site in a ready-mixed concrete truck is typically characterized by measuring temperature, slump, unit weight, and air content, here the measurement of the electrical resistance of a freshly cast cylinder of concrete is investigated as a means of assessing mixture proportions, specifically cement and water contents. Both cement and water contents influence the measured electrical resistance of a sample of fresh concrete: the cement by producing ions (chiefly K+ , Na+ , and OH- ) that are the main source of electrical conduction; and the water by providing the main conductive pathways through which the current travels...
2018: Advances in civil engineering materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862314/applying-the-precaution-adoption-process-model-to-the-acceptance-of-mine-safety-and-health-technologies
#3
Emily J Haas
Mineworkers are continually introduced to protective technologies on the job. Yet, their perceptions toward the technologies are often not addressed until they are actively trying to use them, which may halt safe technology adoption and associated work practices. This study explored management and worker perspectives toward three technologies to forecast adoption and behavioral intention on the job. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 21 mineworkers and 19 mine managers to determine the adoption process stage algorithm for workers and managers, including perceived barriers to using new safety and health technologies...
March 2018: Occupational health science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802967/engendering-healthy-masculinities-to-prevent-sexual-violence-rationale-for-and-design-of-the-manhood-2-0-trial
#4
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Alison J Culyba, Nayck B Feliz, Heather Anderson, Irving Torres, Sarah Zelazny, Patricia Bamwine, Adwoa Boateng, Benjamin Cirba, Autumn Detchon, Danielle Devine, Zoe Feinstein, Justin Macak, Michael Massof, Summer Miller-Walfish, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Paul Mulbah, Zabi Mulwa, Taylor Paglisotti, Lisa Ripper, Katie A Ports, Jennifer L Matjasko, Aapta Garg, Jane Kato-Wallace, Julie Pulerwitz, Elizabeth Miller
Violence against women and girls is an important global health concern. Numerous health organizations highlight engaging men and boys in preventing violence against women as a potentially impactful public health prevention strategy. Adapted from an international setting for use in the US, "Manhood 2.0" is a "gender transformative" program that involves challenging harmful gender and sexuality norms that foster violence against women while promoting bystander intervention (i.e., giving boys skills to interrupt abusive behaviors they witness among peers) to reduce the perpetration of sexual violence (SV) and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA)...
May 23, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774803/-the-financial-is-the-main-issue-it-s-not-even-the-child-exploring-the-role-of-finances-in-men-s-concepts-of-fatherhood-and-fertility-intention
#5
Megan Hamm, Elizabeth Miller, Lovie Jackson Foster, Mario Browne, Sonya Borrero
Despite demonstrable need, men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services remains low. This low utilization may particularly affect low-income men, given the disproportionate prevalence of unintended pregnancy in low-income populations. Bolstering men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services requires understanding the services that are most relevant to them. Semistructured interviews about fatherhood, fertility intention, and contraceptive use were conducted with 58 low-income Black and White men in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753614/a-22-year-follow-up-reveals-a-variable-disease-severity-in-early-onset-facioscapulohumeral-dystrophy
#6
Rianne J M Goselink, Caroline R van Kernebeek, Karlien Mul, Richard J L F Lemmers, Silvère M van der Maarel, Oebele F Brouwer, Nicol Voermans, George W Padberg, Corrie E Erasmus, Baziel G M van Engelen
AIM: To assess the long-term natural course of early-onset facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD), which is important for patient management and trial-readiness, and is currently lacking. METHODS: We had the unique opportunity to evaluate 10 patients with early-onset FSHD after 22 years follow-up. Patients underwent a semi-structured interview, physical examination and additional genotyping. RESULTS: Nine initial study participants (median age 37 years) were included, one patient died shortly after first publication...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729666/prevention-of-exertional-lower-body-musculoskeletal-injury-in-tactical-populations-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-planned-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies-from-1955-to-2018
#7
Shawn D Flanagan, Aaron M Sinnott, Kellen T Krajewski, Caleb D Johnson, Shawn R Eagle, Alice D LaGoy, Meaghan E Beckner, Anne Z Beethe, Rose Turner, Mita Lovalekar, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Chris Connaboy, Bradley C Nindl
BACKGROUND: Exertional lower body musculoskeletal injuries (ELBI) cost billions of dollars and compromise the readiness and job performance of military service and public safety workers (i.e., tactical populations). The prevalence and burden of such injuries underscores the importance of prevention efforts during activities necessary to sustain core occupational competencies. Attempts to synthesize prevention techniques specific to tactical populations have provided limited insight on the comparative efficacy of interventions that do not modify physical training practices...
May 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696216/effectiveness-of-intensive-smoking-reduction-counselling-plus-combination-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-promoting-long-term-abstinence-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-not-ready-to-quit-smoking-protocol-of-the-reduq-trial
#8
Petra Hagens, Marcel Pieterse, Paul van der Valk, Job van der Palen
Introduction: Limited tobacco dependence treatment resources exist for smoking COPD patients not ready to quit. Smoking reduction may be a viable treatment approach if it prompts quit attempts and subsequent abstinence. This article describes the protocol of the REDUQ (REDUce and Quit) study, which examines whether smoking reduction counselling plus combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is (cost-)effective in achieving long-term abstinence in smoking COPD patients not ready to quit...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665629/evaluation-of-a-systematic-career-coaching-program-for-medical-students-in-korea-using-the-career-readiness-inventory
#9
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Eun Ji Song, Sun Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to implement a systematic career coaching program for medical students and to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: First-year medical students of Konyang University College of Medicine took part in the FLEX Mentoring II: Career Coaching Program from September to December in 2016 and 2017. This program included 16 weekly sessions, comprising a total of 32 hours. The students took the Career Readiness Inventory before and after the program, as a pre- and post-test of the program...
2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621324/self-reported-musculoskeletal-complaints-and-injuries-and-exposure-of-physical-workload-in-swedish-soldiers-serving-in-afghanistan
#10
Alexandra Halvarsson, Ingela Hagman, Matthias Tegern, Lisbet Broman, Helena Larsson
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints and injuries (MSCI) are common in military populations. However, only a limited number of studies have followed soldiers during international deployments and investigated the prevalence of MSCI during and at the end of their deployment. The aim was to describe the prevalence of MSCI in different military occupational specialties and categorise their most common tasks in terms of exposures to physical workloads during a six-month long international deployment in Afghanistan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621100/clinical-macrosystem-simulation-translates-between-organizations
#11
G Jesse Bender, James A Maryman
INTRODUCTION: Simulation has become an integral tool in healthcare facility redesign. Immersing clinical experts into their future environment has demonstrated benefits for transition planning. This study evaluates translation of a proven macrosystems testing protocol, TESTPILOT, to an organization with limited simulation experience. METHODS: An experienced TESTPILOT team guided Woman's Hospital Baton Rouge's simulation preparation for their new neonatal intensive care unit...
April 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615827/antecedents-of-job-search-self-efficacy-of-syrian-refugees-in-greece-and-the-netherlands
#12
Sofija Pajic, Magdalena Ulceluse, Gábor Kismihók, Stefan T Mol, Deanne N den Hartog
The goal of the current study was to investigate the relationships among psychological resources, career barriers, and job search self-efficacy in a sample of post-2014 Syrian refugees. Participants included 330 refugees in Greece and the Netherlands. Data were obtained using paper-based surveys, with all measures translated into Arabic. Drawing from career construction theory (Savickas, 2005), we hypothesized that adaptive readiness, operationalized in terms of psychological capital, would be positively related to job search self-efficacy through career adaptability...
April 2018: Journal of Vocational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547822/a-phenolic-acid-based-colourimetric-naked-eye-chemosensor-for-the-rapid-detection-of-cu-ii-ions
#13
Priti Sengupta, Aniruddha Ganguly, Adity Bose
The crucial role of chemosensor for the immediate recognition of environment pollutant motivates the researchers to develop variety of sensing protocols. Of various chemosensory protocols, the colour change observed by the naked eye is considered to be a conceivable and on-site way to indicate the presence of an analyte. We herein report a colourimetric and commercially available absorption probe, sinapic acid (SA) that is completely ready to use for "on-site" visual determination of copper ions. The molecule, SA is well-known phenolic acid, often utilized for its antibacterial activity...
June 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537463/residents-perspectives-on-careers-in-academic-medicine-obstacles-and-opportunities
#14
Steven Lin, Cathina Nguyen, Emily Walters, Paul Gordon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Worsening faculty shortages in medical schools and residency programs are threatening the US medical education infrastructure. Little is known about the factors that influence the decision of family medicine residents to choose or not choose academic careers. Our study objective was to answer the following question among family medicine residents: "What is your greatest concern or fear about pursuing a career in academic family medicine?" METHODS: Participants were family medicine residents who attended the Faculty for Tomorrow Workshop at the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine Annual Spring Conference in 2016 and 2017...
March 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451730/leveraging-a-leadership-development-framework-for-career-readiness
#15
Kirsten F Fox
This chapter provides a context for how colleges and universities can prepare students for career readiness by leveraging leadership development programs to further develop knowledge, skills, and competencies that translate to the changing world of work, particularly for graduates in transition to their first jobs.
March 2018: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416948/fit-for-duty-evaluating-the-physical-fitness-requirements-of-battlefield-airmen
#16
Robson Sean, Lytell Maria C, Sims Carra S, Pezard Stephanie, Manacapilli Thomas, Anderson Amanda, Bohusch Therese, Haddad Abigail
Military occupations can be physically demanding, yet few attempts have been made to determine the physical readiness of today's airmen to perform their jobs. Although the Air Force conducts fitness testing of all its airmen, these tests and standards are not based on validated job requirements. As part of a broader Air Force effort to measure the physical readiness of airmen to perform their jobs, this study describes a methodology for establishing physical fitness standards for four physically demanding Air Force occupational specialties-combat controller, pararescue, special operations weather team, and tactical air control party...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401085/creation-of-experience-based-celiac-benchmarks-the-first-step-in-pre-transition-self-management-assessment
#17
Laurie N Fishman, Jennifer Kearney, Maya DeGroote, Enju Liu, Janis Arnold, Dascha C Weir
OBJECTIVES: Transition planning for children with chronic disease includes the development of independence in many self-management tasks. Conditions that depend on diet have distinct skill sets not well assessed by the traditional transition-readiness tools. There has been literature that describes age-appropriate skill acquisition for diabetes and food allergy patients. However, there are no age-appropriate benchmarks established for celiac disease (CD). METHODS: CD experts (including physician, nurse, dietician, social worker, patient and parent) created a list of celiac-related tasks, which formed the basis of the survey...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359588/assessment-of-health-provider-readiness-for-telemedicine-services-in-uganda
#18
Vincent Micheal Kiberu, Richard E Scott, Maurice Mars
BACKGROUND: There are few telemedicine projects in Africa that have reached scale. One of the reasons proposed for this has been failure to assess health provider readiness for telemedicine prior to implementation. OBJECTIVE: To assess health provider readiness for implementation and integration of telemedicine services at three levels of Uganda's health facilities, namely, a national referral hospital (NRH), regional referral hospitals (RRHs) and level 4 health centres (HC-IVs) and to investigate factors associated with readiness for telemedicine...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334149/evidence-based-practice-readiness-a-concept-analysis
#19
Jessica D Schaefer, John M Welton
AIM: To analyse and define the concept "evidence based practice readiness" in nurses. BACKGROUND: Evidence based practice readiness is a term commonly used in health literature, but without a clear understanding of what readiness means. Concept analysis is needed to define the meaning of evidence based practice readiness. METHOD: A concept analysis was conducted using Walker and Avant's method to clarify the defining attributes of evidence based practice readiness as well as antecedents and consequences...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319920/employee-attitudes-towards-aggression-in-persons-with-dementia-readiness-for-wider-adoption-of-person-centered-frameworks
#20
V L Burshnic, N F Douglas, R M Barker
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT: Person-centered care, as compared to standard approaches, is a widely accepted, evidence-based approach for managing aggressive behaviour in persons with dementia. The attitudes, beliefs and values of long-term care and mental health nursing employees are important prerequisites to implementing person-centered practices. Research shows that nursing employees typically support person-centered approaches; however, less is known about the attitudes of non-nursing employee groups...
April 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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