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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132498/perspectives-from-practice-complexities-of-personal-care-workers
#1
Julie-Anne Martyn, Sally Zanella, Adele Wilkinson
Personal care workers (PCWs) make up the bulk of the workforce in residential and community care services. The knowledge and skill set needed for safe and effective practice in care settings is extensive. A diverse range of registered training organisations (RTOs) offering Certificate III and IV in Individual Support (aging, home and community) are tasked with producing job-ready PCWs. However, the curricula of these programs vary. Additionally, a national code of conduct for healthcare workers became effective in October 2015 as a governance framework for PCWs...
November 14, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071564/an-ecosystem-approach-to-employment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
David B Nicholas, Wendy Mitchell, Carolyn Dudley, Margaret Clarke, Rosslynn Zulla
Relatively little is yet known about employment readiness and elements that promote access to, and the retention of, employment for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This paper posits elements within the ecosystem of employment and ASD. The ecosystem approach locates employment among persons with ASD as inextricably linked with broader community resources, family support, workplace capacity building (e.g., employer, co-workers) and policy. Application of the approach is offered through process evaluation data yielded from an ecosystem-informed job readiness program entitled, 'EmploymentWorks Canada'...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063700/employment-for-radiation-oncologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand-recent-graduates-survey-of-experiences-and-perspectives
#3
John Leung, Sanjeewanie Kariyasawam, Dion Forstner, Raphael Chee, Melissa James
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports the key findings of the first survey of recent Radiation Oncology graduates in Australia, New Zealand (ANZ) and Singapore. It explores their experiences in entering the workforce, challenges and perspectives. METHODS: The survey was conducted in April and May 2016 focusing on graduates from 2013 to 2015. The questions related to relocation, current employment, experiences in finding a job, intentions regarding rural work, job satisfaction and perceptions of the job market...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051774/effectiveness-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Megan Hatfield, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Marina Ciccarelli
BACKGROUND: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. job readiness or self-determination) rather than the overall transition planning process and there are methodological limitations to many of the studies determining their effectiveness. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online program that supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983942/dentists-opinions-on-using-digital-technologies-in-dental-practice
#5
Marieke M van der Zande, Ronald C Gorter, Josef J M Bruers, Irene H A Aartman, Daniel Wismeijer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate which opinions among dentists are associated with level of technology use, when characteristics of the dentist and dental practice, as well as motivating work aspects are taken into account. METHODS: A total of 1000 general dental practitioners in the Netherlands received a questionnaire on digital technologies they use, opinions on using technologies and related motivating work aspects. Questions were derived from expert interviews, the Dentists' Experienced Job Resources Scale and literature on technology implementation...
October 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978417/detection-and-treatment-of-fiebig-stage-i-hiv-1-infection-in-young-at-risk-women-in-south-africa-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Krista L Dong, Amber Moodley, Douglas S Kwon, Musie S Ghebremichael, Mary Dong, Nasreen Ismail, Zaza M Ndhlovu, Jenniffer M Mabuka, Daniel M Muema, Karyn Pretorius, Nina Lin, Bruce D Walker, Thumbi Ndung'u
BACKGROUND: HIV incidence among young women in sub-Saharan Africa remains high and their inclusion in vaccine and cure efforts is crucial. We aimed to establish a cohort of young women detected during Fiebig stage I acute HIV infection in whom treatment was initiated immediately after diagnosis to advance research in this high-risk group. METHODS: 945 women aged 18-23 years in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, who were HIV uninfected and sexually active consented to HIV-1 RNA testing twice a week and biological sampling and risk assessment every 3 months during participation in a 48-96 week life-skills and job-readiness programme...
September 29, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934063/openness-to-adopting-evidence-based-practice-in-public-substance-use-treatment-in-south-africa-using-task-shifting-caseload-size-matters
#7
Jessica F Magidson, Jasper S Lee, Kim Johnson, Warren Burnhams, J Randy Koch, Ron Manderscheid, Bronwyn Myers
BACKGROUND: In response to the lack of coverage for substance use treatment in the Western Cape province of South Africa, the local government expanded funding for evidence-based practices (EBPs) for treating substance use. Yet, little is known about provider and staff attitudes towards adopting EBPs in this setting, which is particularly relevant in this context where task shifting clinical care increases demands on paraprofessional providers. This study aimed to (1) assess attitudes towards adopting EBPs among a range of staff working in substance use treatment in Cape Town using a task shifting model; and (2) evaluate factors associated with openness towards adopting EBPs in this setting...
September 21, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928026/online-resource-to-promote-vocational-interests-among-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial-in-australia
#8
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Ashley Craig, Christine Migliorini
OBJECTIVE: To provide a preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of an online resource for job seekers with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Randomized controlled design. SETTING: Community-dwelling cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N = 97) with relapsing-remitting or progressive MS were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Forty-seven accessed an email delivered, 7 module resource, Work and MS, over a 4 week period...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889170/embedding-volunteer-activity-into-paramedic-education
#9
Linda Ross, Sophia Kabidi
BACKGROUND: Paramedics require a wide range of skills that are beyond clinical or technical skills in order to meet the demands of the role and provide quality and compassionate care to patients. Non-technical or "soft" skills and attributes are generally challenging to teach and develop in the classroom setting. Volunteerism provides an opportunity for students to gain exposure to different communities and develop interpersonal skills. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used one-on-one interviews with 12 third-year Bachelor of Emergency Health (Paramedic) students from Monash University, Australia, who completed a community volunteering program...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885920/antibiotic-therapy-for-acute-watery-diarrhea-and-dysentery
#10
David R Tribble
Diarrheal disease affects a large proportion of military personnel deployed to developing countries, resulting in decreased job performance and operational readiness. Travelers' diarrhea is self-limiting and generally resolves within 5 days; however, antibiotic treatment significantly reduces symptom severity and duration of illness. Presently, azithromycin is the preferred first-line antibiotic for the treatment of acute watery diarrhea (single dose 500 mg), as well as for febrile diarrhea and dysentery (single dose 1,000 mg)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885917/preface-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-travelers-diarrhea-in-deployed-military-personnel
#11
Mark S Riddle, David Tribble
Diarrheal disease frequently affects military personnel deployed to developing countries, resulting in decreased job performance and potential negative impacts on military operational readiness. Travelers' diarrhea is a self-limiting illness; however, antibiotic treatment (with and without use of adjunct loperamide therapy) has been shown to significantly reduce clinical presentation of symptoms and duration of illness. Nonetheless, the choice of first-line antibiotics must be carefully considered as increasing resistance of enteric pathogens in endemic regions has rendered many first-line antibiotics ineffective (e...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860866/work-gender-roles-and-health-neglected-mental-health-issues-among-female-workers-in-the-ready-made-garment-industry-in-bangladesh
#12
Sadika Akhter, Shannon Rutherford, Feroza Akhter Kumkum, David Bromwich, Iqbal Anwar, Aminur Rahman, Cordia Chu
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, women in Bangladesh stayed at home in their role as daughter, wife, or mother. In the 1980s, economic reforms created a job market for poor, uneducated rural women in the ready-made garment industry, mostly located in urban areas. This increased participation in paid work has changed the gender roles of these women. Women's earnings support their family, but they are also separated from their children, with impacts on their mental health and well-being. This study explores the lived experience of women in Bangladesh working in the ready-made garment industry as they strive to be mothers and family providers, often in high-stress conditions...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827211/development-and-deployment-of-the-openmrs-ebola-electronic-health-record-system-for-an-ebola-treatment-center-in-sierra-leone
#13
Shefali Oza, Darius Jazayeri, Jonathan M Teich, Ellen Ball, Patricia Alexandra Nankubuge, Job Rwebembera, Kevin Wing, Alieu Amara Sesay, Andrew S Kanter, Glauber D Ramos, David Walton, Rachael Cummings, Francesco Checchi, Hamish S Fraser
BACKGROUND: Stringent infection control requirements at Ebola treatment centers (ETCs), which are specialized facilities for isolating and treating Ebola patients, create substantial challenges for recording and reviewing patient information. During the 2014-2016 West African Ebola epidemic, paper-based data collection systems at ETCs compromised the quality, quantity, and confidentiality of patient data. Electronic health record (EHR) systems have the potential to address such problems, with benefits for patient care, surveillance, and research...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810974/factors-affecting-organizational-commitment-in-navy-corpsmen
#14
Stephanie Booth-Kewley, Renée G Dell'Acqua, Cynthia J Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Organizational commitment is a psychological state that has a strong impact on the likelihood that employees will remain with an organization. Among military personnel, organizational commitment is predictive of a number of important outcomes, including reenlistment intentions, job performance, morale, and perceived readiness. Because of the unique challenges and experiences associated with military service, it may be that organizational commitment is even more critical in the military than in civilian populations...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782331/acceptability-of-a-microfinance-based-empowerment-intervention-for-transgender-and-cisgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#15
Priya Lall, Stacey A Shaw, Rumana Saifi, Susan Sherman, Nuruljannah Nor Azmi, Veena Pillai, Nabila El-Bassel, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Jeffrey A Wickersham
INTRODUCTION: Cisgender and transgender woman sex workers (CWSWs and TWSWs, respectively) are key populations in Malaysia with higher HIV-prevalence than that of the general population. Given the impact economic instability can have on HIV transmission in these populations, novel HIV prevention interventions that reduce poverty may reduce HIV incidence and improve linkage and retention to care for those already living with HIV. We examine the feasibility of a microfinance-based HIV prevention intervention among CWSW and TWSWs in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756480/validation-of-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-in-outpatient-occupational-rehabilitation-in-canada
#16
Joanne Park, Mary Roduta Roberts, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods Lost-time claimants (n = 389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697525/-what-enhances-teachers-health-at-inclusive-primary-schools-a-mixed-methods-approach
#17
Merle Riechmann-Wolf, Matthias Claus, Renate Kimbel, Klaus Schöne, Annika Claus, Stephan Letzel, Dirk-Matthias Rose
Aim Teachers' suggestions to enhance their health at inclusive primary schools ("Schwerpunktgrundschulen") were analyzed by quantitative content analysis taking personal or job-related parameters of effort and strain into consideration. Method The paper and pencil cross-sectional study was conducted by Institut für Lehrergesundheit (IFL) between August 2013 and April 2015 at 14 schools in Rhineland-Palatinate. Overall response rate was 46.3% (143/309 teachers). The answers to the open-ended question "Which concrete job-related measures would enhance your wellbeing or health situation at your work place?" was categorized and quantified...
July 11, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595817/relationships-between-study-habits-burnout-and-general-surgery-resident-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#18
Matthew R Smeds, Carol R Thrush, Faith K McDaniel, Roop Gill, Mary K Kimbrough, Brian D Shames, Jeffrey J Sussman, Joseph M Galante, Catherine M Wittgen, Parswa Ansari, Steven R Allen, Michael S Nussbaum, Donald T Hess, David C Knight, Frederick R Bentley
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) is used by programs to evaluate the knowledge and readiness of trainees to sit for the general surgery qualifying examination. It is often used as a tool for resident promotion and may be used by fellowship programs to evaluate candidates. Burnout has been associated with job performance and satisfaction; however, its presence and effects on surgical trainees' performance are not well studied. We sought to understand factors including burnout and study habits that may contribute to performance on the ABSITE examination...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580025/using-a-computer-simulation-to-improve-psychological-readiness-for-job-interviewing-in-unemployed-individuals-of-pre-retirement-age
#19
Rimma M Aysina, Galina I Efremova, Zhanna A Maksimenko, Mikhail V Nikiforov
Unemployed individuals of pre-retirement age face significant challenges in finding a new job. This may be partly due to their lack of psychological readiness to go through a job interview. We view psychological readiness as one of the psychological attitude components. It is an active conscious readiness to interact with a certain aspect of reality, based on previously acquired experience. It includes a persons' special competence to manage their activities and cope with anxiety. We created Job Interview Simulation Training (JIST) - a computer-based simulator, which allowed unemployed job seekers to practice interviewing repeatedly in a stress-free environment...
May 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574895/job-and-role-transitions-the-pathway-to-career-evolution
#20
Michael R Bleich
An individual's career trajectory evolves with each job and role transition. Over time, job/role experiences trigger choices as to whether to stay in a particular job setting or role. Reflective questions guide the process of deciding whether and when it is time to transition. Considerations include role fit with lifestyle expectations, need for advanced knowledge and formal education, and readiness for upward or lateral movement. Using a framework modeled after the work of Bolman and Deal, this article presents 4 lenses to guide a careerist's readiness and need for change: human resource, structural, political, and symbolic factors...
July 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
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