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Sophie J Taylor, Michael Steer, Simon C Ashe, Penny J Furness, Sarah Haywood-Small, Kim Lawson
Background and aims Fibromyalgia is a complex condition characterised by widespread pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue and cognitive impairment, with a global mean prevalence estimated at 2.7%. There are inconsistencies in guidelines on the treatment of fibromyalgia leading to dissatisfaction from patients and healthcare professionals. This study investigated patient-reported outcomes of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment usage and effectiveness with an assessment of acceptability. Methods Nine hundred and forty-one participants completed a self-administered anonymous questionnaire giving quantitative data of demographics, treatment usage and treatment outcomes...
October 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra Sau Man Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Helen Fung-Kum Chiu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the attitude toward suicide (ATS) and its influence on nonfatal suicidal behaviors of Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs). METHOD: Altogether, 3031 MWs completed the positive ATS Scale and structured questions regarding lifetime suicide ideation, plan, and attempt. Mental health help-seeking behaviors of MWs were also investigated. RESULTS: Overall, MWs held a more negative ATS than the Chinese general population...
October 13, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
S M Yasir Arafat, Bithika Mali, Hasina Akter
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major, however under attended public health problem in Bangladesh. There is dearth of research regarding how newspapers communicate it to the mass population. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the quality of online newspapers reporting of suicidal behaviors in Bangladesh against World Health Organization suicide reporting guidelines. METHODS: We searched and scrutinized published contents of 8 Bangla online news portals against the World Health Organization suicide reporting guidelines retrospectively...
October 5, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Donna Rowen, Brendan Mulhern, Katherine Stevens, Jan Hendrik Vermaire
OBJECTIVE: This article presents the development of the Dutch value set for the Child Health Utility 9D, a pediatric preference-based measure of quality of life that can be used to generate quality-adjusted life-years. METHODS: A large online survey was conducted using a discrete choice experiment including a duration attribute with adult members of the Netherlands general population (N = 1276) who were representative in terms of age, gender, marital status, employment, education, and region...
October 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Morgan H Payne, Rhianna M Tuchscherer, Sarah J Billups, Benjamin Chavez, Emily Kosirog, Jennifer L Petrie, Joseph J Saseen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to assess changes in pharmacy students' attitudes and perceptions toward providing care to underserved populations after a six-week clinical experience within a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) clinic. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A pre-post survey design was utilized to evaluate third- and fourth-year pharmacy students' attitudes and perceptions before and after a six-week clinical rotation providing direct patient care to underserved patients in FQHC clinics...
August 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Ke Ju, Megan Kopp, Yuqing Wang, Gehui Yuan, Weiwei Zheng, Lauren M Ataman, Teresa K Woodruff, Qionghua Chen, Shuo Xiao
PURPOSE: Oncofertility is a newly developed medical field dedicated to preserving adolescent and young adult-aged cancer patients' fertility. For female cancer patients who desire to have children, fertility preservation has become an important concern before the cancer therapy. This study for the first time aimed to investigate attitude and knowledge regarding female fertility preservation among reproductive health professionals in China. METHODS: An online questionnaire assessing participants' demographics, experience, attitude, and basic knowledge regarding oncofertility was designed and distributed to reproductive health professionals in Fujian, one of the major regions for cancer and reproductive care in southeast China...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Carlos A Camargo, Krislyn M Boggs, Ashley F Sullivan, Camilo E Gutierrez, Emory M Petrack
OBJECTIVES: Appointment of a pediatric emergency care coordinator (PECC) is considered the single best intervention to improve pediatric emergency care, and has been recommended for all US general emergency departments (EDs) for more than a decade. Unfortunately, many EDs do not adhere with this recommendation. In 2017, we performed a grassroots intervention to establish a PECC in every Massachusetts ED. METHODS: We conducted annual surveys of all 73 Massachusetts EDs from 2014 to 2018...
October 12, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Jean E Klig, Andrea Fang, Sean M Fox, Jeffrey Hom, Ashley Strobel, Sonny Tat, Jessica J Wall, Rahul Bhat, Eric Weinberg, Kurt R Deninghoff, Paul Ishmine, Maybelle Kou
Successful Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) education research and scholarship can alter the varied landscape of care that is delivered outside of children's hospitals in the U.S. It is well established that most pediatric emergency care occurs in general emergency departments and urgent care centers by a diverse group of providers, whose core training and experience in treating acutely ill or injured children can be quite limited.1 Beyond gaps in fundamental PEM education, there are no systems, processes, or even standards that fully assure an ongoing communication of best practices between tertiary pediatric institutions and general (non-children's) hospital emergency departments...
October 12, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Lucía Jiménez, Lucía Antolín-Suárez, Bárbara Lorence, Victoria Hidalgo
There is overwhelming consensus among policy makers, academics, and professionals about the need to support families in their childrearing tasks. Consequently, European countries have been encouraged to develop family support interventions aimed at guaranteeing children's rights, targeting particularly those children in situations of psychosocial risk. While a certain amount of evidence exists regarding how family support is generally delivered in certain European countries, with a particular focus on parenting initiatives, this paper aims to take existing evidence one step further by providing an updated review focusing on two core components of the Council of Europe's Recommendation on Positive Parenting: families at psychosocial risk as the target population, and family education and support initiatives as the delivery format...
October 11, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Ramzan Shahid, Jerold Stirling, William Adams
Background: US physicians are experiencing burnout in alarming numbers. However, doctors with high levels of emotional intelligence (EI) may be immune to burnout, as they possess coping strategies which make them more resilient and better at managing stress. Educating physicians in EI may help prevent burnout and optimize their overall wellness. The purpose of our study was to determine if educational intervention increases the overall EI level of residents; specifically, their stress management and wellness scores...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Michael Broukhim, Francis Yuen, Haley McDermott, Keri Miller, Leslie Merrill, Robin Kennedy, Michael Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Whenever health professionals work together as a team, conflict is inevitable - some would argue even necessary. However, conflict can have negative effects on patient care, job satisfaction, personal wellness, and professional productivity. PURPOSE: This study aims to describe interprofessional conflicts in a hospital setting from the perspective of three groups of health science students. METHODS: An online questionnaire survey collected data from 225 health science students (medicine, nursing, and social work) in Northern California (USA)...
October 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Brodie J Lewis, Cassandra L Hesse, Briana C Cook, Cory L Pedersen
Masculine overcompensation-a phenomenon where men react to masculinity threats by endorsing hypermasculine ideals-has been demonstrated among straight men but has yet to be examined among gay men. The current study therefore proposed to examine whether gay men overcompensate similarly to their straight counterparts by providing participants with randomized feedback that threatened their masculinity. Overcompensation was measured in 867 online respondents by administering a series of questionnaires regarding views of pornography, rape, sex roles, and political orientation...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Laura Gano, Scott E Renshaw, Ruben H Hernandez, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The national opioid crisis requires medical education to develop a proactive response centering on prevention and treatment. Primary care providers (PCPs)-many of whom are family medicine physicians-commonly treat patients on opiates, and write nearly 50% of opioid prescriptions. Despite linkages between PCP opioid prescribing patterns and the associated potential for overdose, little is known about how family medicine clerkship students are trained to prevent opioid overdose, including training on the use of naloxone...
October 2018: Family Medicine
Rhylee Sulek, David Trembath, Jessica Paynter, Deb Keen
OBJECTIVE: To examine teachers' knowledge and use of empirically supported treatments (ESTs) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and the extent to which they deem them socially valid in general education settings. METHOD: Totally, 155 general education teachers completed an online survey examining knowledge, use, and perceived social validity of ESTs targeting school readiness skills. Sources of information accessed and the relationship of knowledge, use, and social validity with demographic variables were investigated...
October 11, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nour Abuhadra, Aziz Nazha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of online resources for patients with MDS is exponentially increasing; this is in large part due to the advent of social media which has introduced multiple avenues for information exchange and communication. Whether this information is targeted towards the patient population or not, the wealth of information online represents a new era of patient engagement in their health care. This review aims to highlight the different online resources being used in the field of MDS...
October 10, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Robin Mawson, Michael J Creech, Devin C Peterson, Forough Farrokhyar, Olufemi R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: Participation in youth soccer carries a significant risk of injury, most commonly non-contact injuries of the lower extremity. A growing body of research supports the use of neuromuscular interventions by teams to prevent such injuries, yet the uptake of these recommendations by soccer teams remains largely unexplored. The purposes of the study were to determine (1) the level of awareness by youth coaches of injury prevention programs and their efficacy; (2) the number of youth coaches that use these interventions; and (3) barriers and potential facilitators to implementing a sustainable injury prevention program...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Munawar Abed Elhadi Arabia
BACKGROUND: The internet revolution of the 21st century has made sexual content available and accessible on a scale that has never existed before. Many studies have indicated that the use of pornography was associated with more permissive sexual attitudes and tended to be linked with stronger gender-stereotypical sexual beliefs. It also seemed to be associated with other risky behaviors and sexual promiscuity. Pornography exposure in conservative societies leads to conflicts with religious and cultural taboos...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Molly E Waring, David D McManus, Daniel J Amante, Chad E Darling, Catarina I Kiefe
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics associated with online health information-seeking and discussing resulting information with healthcare providers among adults with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized with ACS in 6 hospitals in Massachusetts and Georgia who reported Internet use in the past 4 weeks (online patients) were asked about online health information-seeking and whether they discussed information with healthcare providers...
November 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Kelsey A Vercammen, Johannah M Frelier, Caitlin M Lowery, Alyssa J Moran, Sara N Bleich
OBJECTIVES: To summarize stakeholder recommendations and ratings of strategies to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and increase water access and intake among young children (0-5 years). DESIGN: Two online surveys: survey 1 asked respondents to recommend novel and innovative strategies to promote healthy beverage behaviour; survey 2 asked respondents to rank each of these strategies on five domains (overall importance, feasibility, effectiveness, reach, health equity)...
October 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Goonaseelan Pillai, Kelly Chibale, Edwin C Constable, Akiko N Keller, Marcelo M Gutierrez, Fareed Mirza, Christian Sengstag, Collen Masimirembwa, Paolo Denti, Gary Maartens, Michèle Ramsay, Bernhards Ogutu, Eyasu Makonnen, Richard Gordon, Carlos Gil Ferreira, Fernando Alberto Goldbaum, Wim M S Degrave, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Hedwig J Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Scientific and professional development opportunities for early career scientists in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) are limited and not consistent. There is a disproportionately low number of biomedical and clinical researchers in LMIC's relative to their high burden of disease, a disparity that is aggravated by emigration of up to 70% of scientists from their countries of birth for education and employment elsewhere. To help address this need, a novel University-accredited, immersive fellowship program was established by a large public-academic-private network...
October 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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