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Rovshan M Ismailov, Zaytuna D Khasanova
BACKGROUND: No data exist regarding oncology/hematology team members' knowledge of and views on biosimilars in Colorado, USA. Published research has suggested that health professionals may have a poor understanding of many issues related to biosimilars. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to increase oncology/hematology team members' knowledge of biosimilars and then use an anonymous online survey to assess the knowledge gained. We also aimed to examine oncology/hematology team members' overall interest in the subject and their motivation to learn more about biosimilars in the future...
August 17, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
Laura B Amsden, Neal H Shorstein, Helene Fevrier, Liyan Liu, James Carolan, Lisa J Herrinton
OBJECTIVE: We surveyed cataract surgeons to gain insight into their perceptions of and attitudes about immediate sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: All active cataract surgeons in Kaiser Permanente Northern California in 2016. METHODS: Online survey that asked cataract surgeons why they did or did not perform ISBCS, their interest in offering ISBCS, concerns about the procedure, and desired supports...
August 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Thomas S King, Ramaswamy Sharma, Jeff Jackson, Kristin R Fiebelkorn
This descriptive article describes the use of clinical case-based portfolios in histopathology teaching laboratories in conjunction with virtual microscopy not only to integrate histology and pathology disciplines for first and second year medical students but also to stimulate student engagement, promote self-directed and group-based learning and enhance student-to-student interaction in a structured manner. Portfolios consisted of PowerPoint files encompassing four to five clinical case studies relevant to the topics covered that week...
August 17, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Sarah Schumacher, Deborah Weiss, Christine Knaevelsrud
The efficacy of exposure is beyond doubt, which is reflected in guidelines recommending its application in the treatment of anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research suggests exposure to be underutilized in clinical practice in the United States and Europe. A systematic investigation of the dissemination of exposure in Germany is lacking. The present study examined the dissemination and application frequency of exposure among German cognitive behavioural therapists working in routine care...
August 17, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Vivek Perumal
BACKGROUND: A sound knowledge of cross-sectional anatomy is needed to interpret radiological images. Ultrathin E12-plastinated slices serve as good learning resources to begin with, but effective utilisation of these resources are often challenging due to their fragility and lack of adequate laboratory time. To enhance interpretation of E12 slices, and also to promote independent learning, we developed a web-based self learning resource. METHODS: An interactive online sectional anatomy learning tool (SALT) to learn the cross-sectional anatomy of the spinal levels, thorax, abdomen and pelvis was developed using Courselab software...
August 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Alice A Min, Eric J Morley, Salim R Rezaie, Sean M Fox, Andrew Grock
The Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) Series and Approved Instruction Resources Professional (AIR-Pro) Series were created in 2014 and 2015, respectively, to address the need for curation of online educational content as well as a nationally available curriculum that meets individualized interactive instruction criteria. These two programs identify high-quality educational blog and podcast content using an expert-based approach. We summarize the accredited posts on respiratory emergencies that met our a priori determined quality criteria per evaluation by eight experienced faculty educators in emergency medicine...
June 14, 2018: Curēus
Stephanie A Adams, Anthony P Turner, Hugh Richards, Peter J Hutchinson
OBJECTIVE: To assess concussion experiences, knowledge, and attitudes of motorsport medical personnel and drivers and to determine priority areas regarding concussion within the sport. DESIGN: Sequential mixed-method design. Part 1: stakeholder interviews; part 2: cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Part 1: key motorsport stakeholders (N = 8); part 2: motorsport medical personnel and drivers (N = 209) representing amateur and/or professional 4-wheeled motorsport...
August 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Annarita Tagliaferri, Massimo Franchini, Gianna F Rivolta, Stefania Farace, Gabriele Quintavalle, Antonio Coppola
INTRODUCTION: Persons with haemophilia (PWH) experience recurrent joint bleeding which leads from early synovitis to irreversible joint damage. Pain strongly affects patients' quality of life, as PWH suffer from acute pain associated with haemarthroses and chronic pain due to arthritic and degenerative complications. AIM: To investigate pain issues among PWH and their treaters in Italy. METHODS: Persons with haemophilia and specialist physicians responded to a survey focused on pain characteristics, assessment, and management by phone call and online, respectively...
August 16, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Edmund Ui-Hang Sim, Su-Hie Ting
Genetic risk to cancer is a knowledge largely confined to experts and the more educated sectors of the developed western countries. The perception of genetic susceptibility to cancer among the masses is fragmented, particularly in developing countries. As cancer diseases affect developing countries as much as developed nations, it is imperative to study perception and reception of genetic risk to cancer in Southeast Asia. Here, we report on a novel case study to gauge the awareness and attitudes towards genetic determination of cancer among the undergraduates of a Malaysian public university...
2018: BioMed Research International
Thierry Almont, Fadila Farsi, Ivan Krakowski, Rabih El Osta, Pierre Bondil, Éric Huyghe
PURPOSE: To assess, focusing on population of healthcare professionals providing oncosexology care to men with cancer, clinical practice, attitudes, knowledge, communication, and professional interaction. METHODS: We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study with an online self-administered e-questionnaire addressed to all medical, paramedical, or administrative professionals attending the 4th "Cancer, Sexuality and Fertility" Meeting in Toulouse, France...
August 14, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Serena Phillips, Aubrey V K Villalobos, Graham S N Crawbuck, Mandi L Pratt-Chapman
PURPOSE: Patient navigation has emerged as a promising strategy in reducing disparities among diverse cancer patients. However, little is known about navigators' own perspectives on their roles in providing culturally competent care. The purpose of the present study is to describe these self-identified roles. METHODS: Data were collected from an online survey with a convenience sample of cancer patient navigators. Using NVivo 10, qualitative content analysis was conducted on free text responses to the question: "In your opinion, what is the role of a patient navigator or nurse navigator in the provision of culturally sensitive care to patients?" Frequencies of each navigator-identified role mentioned were tabulated...
August 14, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ling Xiao Li, Siti Soraya Abdul Rahman
Students are characterized according to their own distinct learning styles. Discovering students' learning style is significant in the educational system in order to provide adaptivity. Past researches have proposed various approaches to detect the students' learning styles. Among all, the Bayesian network has emerged as a widely used method to automatically detect students' learning styles. On the other hand, tree augmented naive Bayesian network has the ability to improve the naive Bayesian network in terms of better classification accuracy...
July 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Andrea Lukács, Péter Sasvári, Emőke Kiss-Tóth
Objective This quantitative correlational design study aimed to examine the variation in adolescent health and lifestyle characteristics across self-reported physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) levels. Methods Data were collected from 422 students (50.2% males) (16.33 SD = 1.66 y/o) attending a high school. An online questionnaire was used to gather data on the following characteristics: self-reported well-being, overall life satisfaction, depression (including self-harm and suicidal ideation), perceived health status, eating disorders, sleepiness, substance use (alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use), body mass index, PA participation and PF levels...
August 14, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
M Bonsignore, C Alefelder, N Pausner, P Gastmeier, I Nachtigall
BACKGROUND: It is mandatory for hospitals in Germany to employ infection control physicians and have an external consultation. The recommended coverage has substantially increased in the last years. Typically, infection control physicians are specialists for hygiene and environmental medicine and/or for microbiology. As there is already a shortage of these specialists, a curricular educational program in infection control was developed by the German Medical Association in 2011. This program addresses specialists of different clinical disciplines...
August 13, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Bo Yang, Daniel Owusu, Lucy Popova
INTRODUCTION: Health agencies are grappling with communicating risks of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) compared with combusted cigarettes. This study examined smokers' responses to two types of comparative risk messages with one type incorporating more negative antismoking elements in the design. METHODS: In an online experiment, 1400 US adult (18+ years) current smokers and recent quitters were randomised to view one of three comparative risk messages about e-cigarettes (CR messages), one of three comparative risk messages that included more negative antismoking elements in the design (CR- messages) or a control message...
August 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Edward Meinert, Abrar Alturkistani, David Brindley, Alison Carter, Glenn Wells, Josip Car
INTRODUCTION: Increasing number of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are being used to train learners at scale in various healthcare-related skills. However, many challenges in course delivery require further understanding, for example, factors exploring the reasons for high MOOC dropout rates, recorded low social interaction between learners and the lack of understanding of the impact of a course facilitators' presence in course engagement. There is a need to generate further evidence to explore these detriments to MOOC course delivery to enable enhanced course learning design...
August 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Barbara M O'Brien, Lorraine Dugoff
Technological advances in genetics have resulted in an increase in the number and complexity of screening and diagnostic tests in the prenatal clinical arena. It is critical that patients are provided with appropriate counseling to enable them to make educated decisions. During this workshop session participants discussed the education, background and credentials required to provide counseling regarding prenatal genetic testing options. The participants agreed that prenatal care providers may have limited time and training to adequately address prenatal genetic testing...
July 26, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
Karel Frömel, Dorota Groffik, František Chmelík, Armando Cocca, Krzysztof Skalik
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze adolescents' physical activity (PA) in two different educational settings, and to estimate the association between meeting PA recommendations and specific characteristics of adolescents' lifestyle. METHODS: The study was carried out in the Moravia region of the Czech Republic and in the Silesia-Opole region of Poland. In total, 1,846 participants completed the long International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-long) using the online Indares system...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Michele C McDonnall, Karla Antonelli
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an implicit measure of attitudes about the competence of people who are blind, to be used with employers, and to report on these implicit attitudes with a national sample of employers. METHOD: A sample of 343 employers (i.e., business professionals responsible for making hiring decisions) participated in an online survey that involved answering questions and completing formal instruments, including explicit and implicit attitude measures about blind employees and a knowledge measure about how blind people can perform typical work tasks...
August 13, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Amie R Newins, Susan W White
Sexual victimization among college women is a common problem, necessitating the development of risk reduction programs that are both effective and acceptable to this population. Computer-based programs may be a cost- and time-effective option. This pilot study sought to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a computer-based risk reduction program. A total of 136 collegiate women were randomly assigned to receive either a computer-based risk reduction program or an educational program about campus resources (active control condition)...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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