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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342183/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-and-ocular-injury
#1
Ryan Gise, Timothy Truong, David M Poulsen, Yssra Soliman, Afshin Parsikia, Joyce N Mbekeani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of pediatric disability and mortality. Together with sight-threatening ocular injuries, TBIs may lead to devastating consequences in developing children and complicate rehabilitation. We sought to investigate this relationship in pediatric patients admitted with major trauma. METHODS: The records of pediatric patients admitted with ocular injury and concomitant TBI were reviewed retrospectively using the National Trauma Data Bank (2008-2014)...
October 17, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335595/occupational-exposure-to-trichloramine-and-trihalomethanes-adverse-health-effects-among-personnel-in-habilitation-and-rehabilitation-swimming-pools
#2
Jessica Westerlund, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Håkan Löfstedt, Kåre Eriksson, Håkan Westberg, Pål Graff
Personnel in swimming pool facilities typically experience ocular, nasal, and respiratory symptoms due to water chlorination and consequent exposure to disinfection by-products in the air. The aim of the study was to investigate exposure to trichloramine and trihalomethanes (chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform) from the perspective of adverse health effects on the personnel at Swedish habilitation and rehabilitation swimming pools. The study included ten habilitation and rehabilitation swimming pool facilities in nine Swedish cities...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334583/re-employment-of-people-with-chronic-stroke-a-single-centre-retrospective-study
#3
Itaru Fukuzawa, Osamu Tokumaru, Nobuoki Eshima, Kira Bacal, Takaaki Kitano, Isao Yokoi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Re-employment is the goal of rehabilitation for many patients after stroke. This study retrospectively examined previously employed stroke survivors who were unable to return to work at time of discharge from hospital and identified factors which were correlated with successful re-employment following a rehabilitation programme involving occupational therapy at a support facility. Factors correlated with reactivation of drivers' licence after stroke were also investigated...
October 18, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332550/a-sociocognitive-approach-to-social-problem-solving-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pilot-study
#4
Mathilde Saint-Jean, Philippe Allain, Jérémy Besnard
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have difficulty dealing with the social world and may display inappropriate social behavior that negatively affects their social and occupational rehabilitation. This difficulty may be explained by a social problem-solving (SPS) impairment, but little is yet known about the cognitive processes involved in the ability to solve social problems. Several publications have demonstrated that executive functions are related to social problem solving, but the role of social cognition needs to be confirmed...
October 17, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328719/cancer-rehabilitation-current-trends-and-practices-within-an-austrian-university-hospital-center%C3%A2
#5
Richard Crevenna, Franz Kainberger, Christoph Wiltschke, Christine Marosi, Michael Wolzt, Fadime Cenik, Mohammad Keilani
BACKGROUND: Cancer rehabilitation has the goal to improve functional status, quality of life, participation, and can improve quality of patient-centered programs and health care efficiencies. In Austria, inpatient cancer rehabilitation is well established but outpatient rehabilitation has not yet established well. METHODS: The present article is describing current rehabilitation in practice and focuses on cancer rehabilitation in Austria, namely bringing together a descriptive account of current trends and practices within an Austrian University Hospital Center (General Hospital of Vienna linked to the Medical University of Vienna) and the Comprehensive Cancer Centre (CCC) Vienna, Austria...
October 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327866/-utilization-of-medical-rehabilitation-prior-to-disability-retirement-comparison-of-german-and-non-german-nationals-with-a-special-focus-on-ethnic-german-resettlers
#6
Patrick Brzoska, Oliver Razum
BACKGROUND: So far little is known about the utilization of medical rehabilitation among non-German nationals and ethnic German resettlers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the utilization of medical rehabilitation in non-German nationals and ethnic German resettlers prior to disability retirement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Routine data from the German statutory pension insurance scheme were used. Information on 17,369 individuals who retired due to disability in 2015 was available...
October 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322737/evaluation-of-leap-motion-control-for-hand-rehabilitation-in-burn-patients-an-experience-in-the-dust-explosion-disaster-in-formosa-fun-coast
#7
Yah-Ting Wu, Kuo-Hu Chen, Shiun-Lei Ban, Kwang-Yi Tung, Li-Ru Chen
Hand burns cause functional impairment. Leap motion control (LMC), a kind of virtual reality games, employs a novel system that provides biofeedback and training of fine motor function and functional skills. In this study, we hypothesized that LMC would improve burned hand function. Sixteen participants were allocated to either the LMC group or the control group. The LMC group played 20min identical leap motion video games after 40min traditional occupational therapy (OT). The control group received traditional OT for 60min...
October 12, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322026/relationship-between-serum-bdnf-levels-and-depressive-mood-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-preliminary-study
#8
Won Hyuk Chang, Min A Shin, Ahee Lee, Heegoo Kim, Yun-Hee Kim
The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the potential of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as a biomarker in poststroke depressive mood in subacute stroke patients. Thirty-eight subacute stroke patients were recruited in this study. All participants underwent the standard rehabilitation program that included 2 h of physical therapy daily and 1 h of occupational therapy five days a week. The rehabilitation period lasted two weeks during the subacute stroke phase. We measured the serum BDNF, proBDNF, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 before and one and two weeks after the standard rehabilitation program...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318946/post-discharge-use-of-assistive-devices-following-hemiarthroplasty-comparison-of-fracture-patients-with-or-without-hip-precautions
#9
Cecilia Rogmark, Ammar Jobory, Oscar Unger, Inger Nilsson, Louise Dahlqvist
PURPOSE: To describe which types of assistive devices prescribed and actually used, either due to precautions or due to true functional reasons, after hip fracture-related hemiarthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 394 patients cluster-randomized 2010-2014 at a university hospital. Control group with standard postoperative precautions to reduce dislocations, mandatory assistive devices and knee brace for 6 weeks (in cognitively impaired) compared to non-precaution group with assistive devices only if needed...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318942/how-college-students-diagnosed-with-anxiety-disorders-and-or-depression-use-everyday-technology
#10
Lynn Gitlow, Blaire Janney, Caitlyn Lemery, Julianne McDonald, Bethany McGinley, Kristin Rabideau
Anxiety disorders and/or depression are the most frequently diagnosed mental health problems (MHP) among American college students. Everyday technology (EDT) is being used with those who have MHP to help them cope with the mental/cognitive disabilities arising from having anxiety and/or depression. Deveau investigated the types of EDT students with MHP use to manage their roles as college students. While this research indicated that individuals with MHP were open to learning about EDT they can use, the author recommended further investigation of the topic...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317351/integration-of-therapies-in-autistic-children-a-survey-based-in-karachi-pakistan
#11
Masnoon Akhter, Mussarat Ashraf, Adnan Ali, Irum Rizwan, Rehana Rehman
A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to June 2016 on autistic children at the Autism Unit of Dow University of Health Sciences to compare speech therapy, occupational therapy and combination of both for rehabilitation of autistic children in the selected population. A total of 55 children with autism age range from 1-12 years of both gender and all ethnic groups were recruited. All data was analysed in IBM-SPSS version 23.0. Pearson chi-square test was used to determine association of type of therapy with the diagnosed age of child, gender, mode of delivery, history of vaccination and parent's education...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311206/when-societal-structural-issues-become-patient-problems-the-role-of-clinical-ethics-consultation
#12
Aimee Milliken, Martha Jurchak, Nicholas Sadovnikoff
The debate about health insurance coverage and the related issue of unequal access to health care turn on fundamental questions of justice, but for an individual patient like DM, the abstract question about who is deserving of health insurance becomes a very concrete problem that has a profound impact on care and livelihood. DM's circumstances left him stuck in the hospital. A satisfactory discharge plan remained elusive; his insurance coverage severely limited the number and type of facilities that would accept him; and his inadequate engagement in his own rehabilitation process limited discharge options even further...
September 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306306/-german-transcultural-translation-of-the-injustice-experience-questionnaire
#13
N Niederstrasser, B Steiger, K Welsch, S Hartmann, P Nilges, A Ljutow, D Ettlin
BACKGROUND: Occupational and social rehabilitation is influenced by perceived injustice as a result of injury. To assess perceived injustice, the Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ) has been developed and is available in English. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the English version of the IEQ into German. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IEQ was translated into German according to the criteria for the transcultural adaptation of self-assessment tools...
October 10, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305765/tendon-neuroplastic-training-for-lateral-elbow-tendinopathy-2-case-reports
#14
Patrick Welsh
Objective: To report 2 cases of lateral elbow tendinopathy treated with a novel adaptation of tendon neuroplastic training (TNT). Clinical features: Patient 1: A 61-year-old male machine operator presented with one year of bilateral lateral elbow pain related to his occupation of using torque wrenches. Patient 2: A 37-year-old male electrician presented with two months of recurrent left lateral elbow pain related to repetitive motions of gripping and pulling at work...
August 2018: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305099/image-and-perception-of-physicians-as-barriers-to-inter-disciplinary-cooperation-the-example-of-german-occupational-health-physicians-in-the-rehabilitation-process-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jan M Stratil, Monika A Rieger, Susanne Voelter-Mahlknecht
BACKGROUND: In the German rehabilitation system, primary care physicians (PCPs), occupational health physicians (OPs), and rehabilitation physicians (RPs) fulfill different distinct functions and roles. While effective cooperation can improve outcomes of rehabilitation, the cooperation between these groups of stakeholders has been criticized as lacking or insufficient. This article proposes an approach to understand the low levels of cooperation by examining the role of group perception and group identity in intra-professional cooperation as a barrier to cooperation between physicians in different roles...
October 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304755/-exercise-testing-in-respiratory-medicine-dgp-recommendations
#16
F J Meyer, M M Borst, H-C Buschmann, M Claussen, D Dumitrescu, R Ewert, B Friedmann-Bette, S Gläser, R Glöckl, K Haring, B Lehnigk, U Ochmann, A M Preisser, S Sorichter, M Westhoff, H Worth
This document replaces the DGP recommendations published in 1998 and 2013. Based on recent studies and a consensus conference, the indications, choice and performance of the adequate exercise testing method and its necessary technical and staffing setting are discussed. Detailed recommendations are provided: for blood gas analysis and right heart catheterization during exercise, walk tests, spiroergometry, and stress echocardiography. The correct use of different exercise tests is discussed for specific situations in respiratory medicine: exercise induced asthma, obesity, monitoring of rehabilitation or therapeutical interventions, preoperative risk stratification, and evaluation in occupational medicine...
October 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302342/frailty-and-exercise-training-how-to-provide-best-care-after-cardiac-surgery-or-intervention-for-elder-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease
#17
REVIEW
Egle Tamuleviciute-Prasciene, Kristina Drulyte, Greta Jurenaite, Raimondas Kubilius, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
The aim of this literature review was to evaluate existing evidence on exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as a treatment option for elderly frail patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). Pubmed database was searched for articles between 1980 and January 2018. From 2623 articles screened, 61 on frailty and VHD and 12 on exercise-based training for patients with VHD were included in the analysis. We studied and described frailty assessment in this patient population. Studies reporting results of exercise training in patients after surgical/interventional VHD treatment were analyzed regarding contents and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300233/is-occupational-therapy-after-hip-fracture-surgery-effective-in-improving-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#18
Sang Yoon Lee, Se Hee Jung, Shi-Uk Lee, Yong-Chan Ha, Jae-Young Lim
OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to evaluate whether occupational therapy (OT) improves activities of daily living (ADL) and overall physical functioning of patients after hip fracture surgery (HFS).PubMed-Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases.We searched for randomized controlled trials comparing OT with comprehensive postoperative care (without OT) after HFS. A pairwise meta-analysis using fixed- and random-effects models was performed. The primary outcome of interest was performance of ADL assessed in any manner...
October 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298936/kettle-test-efficacy-in-predicting-cognitive-and-functional-outcomes-in-geriatric-rehabilitation
#19
Kristie J Harper, Karleen Llewellyn, Angela Jacques, Katharine Ingram, Sara Pearson, Annette Barton
BACKGROUND/AIM: Limited research has been available to support the use of the Kettle Test in a subacute rehabilitation setting with patients diagnosed with a variety of medical conditions. The Kettle Test is an occupation based performance measure designed to detect cognitive processes and function. The aim of this research was to measure the correlation between three cognitive tests, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Cognitive Functional Independence Measure (Cognitive FIM) and the Kettle Test...
October 9, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298745/working-life-trajectories-with-hearing-impairment
#20
Elisabeth Vigrestad Svinndal, Chris Jensen, Marit By Rise
PURPOSE: The aim was to identify and explore factors, which facilitate or hinder work participation for people with hearing impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In-depth interviews with 21 hearing impaired individuals of 32-67 years of age with a present or recent vocational affiliation were conducted. The analysis was conducted using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in a conceptual framework of working life trajectories evolving through three phases of acknowledgement of hearing loss impact: the pre-acknowledgement, acknowledgement, and post-acknowledgement phase...
October 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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