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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231323/even-good-bots-fight-the-case-of-wikipedia
#1
Milena Tsvetkova, Ruth García-Gavilanes, Luciano Floridi, Taha Yasseri
In recent years, there has been a huge increase in the number of bots online, varying from Web crawlers for search engines, to chatbots for online customer service, spambots on social media, and content-editing bots in online collaboration communities. The online world has turned into an ecosystem of bots. However, our knowledge of how these automated agents are interacting with each other is rather poor. Bots are predictable automatons that do not have the capacity for emotions, meaning-making, creativity, and sociality and it is hence natural to expect interactions between bots to be relatively predictable and uneventful...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224732/pathways-into-psychopathology-modeling-the-effects-of-trait-emotional-intelligence-mindfulness-and-irrational-beliefs-in-a-clinical-sample
#2
K V Petrides, María G Gómez, Juan-Carlos Pérez-González
: We investigated possible pathways into mental illness via the combined effects of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI), mindfulness, and irrational beliefs. The sample comprised 121 psychiatric outpatients (64.5% males, mean age = 38.8 years) with a variety of formal clinical diagnoses. Psychopathology was operationalized by means of 3 distinct indicators from the Millon Clinical Multi-Axial Inventory (mild pathology, severe pathology, and clinical symptomatology). A structural equation model confirmed significant direct trait EI and mindfulness effects on irrational beliefs and psychopathology...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219419/emotional-intelligence-perceived-stress-and-academic-performance-of-sri-lankan-medical-undergraduates
#3
P Ranasinghe, W S Wathurapatha, Y Mathangasinghe, G Ponnamperuma
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that higher Emotional Intelligence (EI) is associated with better academic and work performance. The present study intended to explore the relationship between EI, perceived stress and academic performance and associated factors among medical undergraduates. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional research study was conducted among 471 medical undergraduates of 2nd, 4th and final years of University of Colombo, Sri Lanka...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212171/ability-based-emotional-intelligence-in-schizophrenia
#4
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Alex Hofer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As one part of social cognition, emotional intelligence is a controversially discussed construct. Although well founded critique on the conceptualization of emotional intelligence has emerged over the last years, studies about emotional intelligence - especially the ability-based approach by Mayer and Salovey - can persistently be found in schizophrenia research. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies published between October 2015 and October 2016 were included in this review...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210230/acute-mental-discomfort-associated-with-suicide-behavior-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-ascertaining-critical-variables-using-artificial-intelligence-tools
#5
Susana Morales, Jorge Barros, Orietta Echávarri, Fabián García, Alex Osses, Claudia Moya, María Paz Maino, Ronit Fischman, Catalina Núñez, Tita Szmulewicz, Alemka Tomicic
AIM: In efforts to develop reliable methods to detect the likelihood of impending suicidal behaviors, we have proposed the following. OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of the state of suicide risk by determining the combination of variables that distinguishes between groups with and without suicide risk. METHOD: A study involving 707 patients consulting for mental health issues in three health centers in Greater Santiago, Chile. Using 345 variables, an analysis was carried out with artificial intelligence tools, Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining processes, and decision tree techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209179/the-social-brain-network-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#6
Amy K Olszewski, Zora Kikinis, Christie S Gonzalez, Ioana L Coman, Nikolaos Makris, Xue Gong, Yogesh Rathi, Anni Zhu, Kevin M Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Marek R Kubicki, Sylvain Bouix, Martha E Shenton, Wendy R Kates
BACKGROUND: Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a neurogenetic disorder that is associated with a 25-fold increase in schizophrenia. Both individuals with 22q11.2DS and those with schizophrenia present with social cognitive deficits, which are putatively subserved by a network of brain regions that are involved in the processing of social cognitive information. This study used two-tensor tractography to examine the white matter tracts believed to underlie the social brain network in a group of 57 young adults with 22q11...
February 16, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208734/towards-building-a-computer-aided-education-system-for-special-students-using-wearable-sensor-technologies
#7
Raja Majid Mehmood, Hyo Jong Lee
Human computer interaction is a growing field in terms of helping people in their daily life to improve their living. Especially, people with some disability may need an interface which is more appropriate and compatible with their needs. Our research is focused on similar kinds of problems, such as students with some mental disorder or mood disruption problems. To improve their learning process, an intelligent emotion recognition system is essential which has an ability to recognize the current emotional state of the brain...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198761/emotional-intelligence-of-nurse-managers-an-exploratory-study
#8
Patricia Prufeta
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study are to determine the level of emotional intelligence (EI) among nurse managers (NMs) in an academic medical center and determine the relationship of EI and demographic variables. BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence is a concept that warrants further research in nursing because there is a huge gap in knowledge about nurse leaders' EI. METHODS: Data were collected from 38 NMs recruited from a large academic medical center in the Northeast...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188631/emotion-processing-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-disorder
#9
A Aparicio, J L Santos, E Jiménez-López, A Bagney, R Rodríguez-Jiménez, E M Sánchez-Morla
OBJECTIVE: To examine emotion processing in euthymic bipolar patients (EBP) compared to healthy controls. In addition, to determine whether or not there is an association between emotion processing and psychosocial functioning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 60 EBP and 60 healthy controls matched for age, gender, education level, and premorbid intelligence were studied. All subjects were assessed using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) and two additional executive function measures: the Trail Making Test-Part B and the Stroop Test...
February 11, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176785/examining-brain-structures-associated-with-dispositional-envy-and-the-mediation-role-of-emotional-intelligence
#10
Yanhui Xiang, Sasa Zhao, Hanlin Wang, Qihan Wu, Feng Kong, Lei Mo
Dispositional envy is distinguished by definition and neurally from episodic envy. While the neural correlates of episodic envy have been evaluated by specific tasks in previous studies, little is known about the structural neural basis of dispositional envy. In this study, we investigated the structural neural basis of dispositional envy underlying individual differences across two independent samples comprising a total of 100 young healthy adults. Firstly, 73 subjects' data (sample 1) was analyzed, and we assessed the association between regional gray matter volume (rGMV) and dispositional envy using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176309/achievement-emotions-and-academic-performance-longitudinal-models-of-reciprocal-effects
#11
Reinhard Pekrun, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Herbert W Marsh, Kou Murayama, Thomas Goetz
A reciprocal effects model linking emotion and achievement over time is proposed. The model was tested using five annual waves of the Project for the Analysis of Learning and Achievement in Mathematics (PALMA) longitudinal study, which investigated adolescents' development in mathematics (Grades 5-9; N = 3,425 German students; mean starting age = 11.7 years; representative sample). Structural equation modeling showed that positive emotions (enjoyment, pride) positively predicted subsequent achievement (math end-of-the-year grades and test scores), and that achievement positively predicted these emotions, controlling for students' gender, intelligence, and family socioeconomic status...
February 8, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155300/the-emotional-intelligence-of-registered-nurses-commencing-critical-care-nursing
#12
Yvette Nagel, Amanda Towell, Elzabe Nel, Fiona Foxall
BACKGROUND: Critical care is described as complex, detailed healthcare in a unique, technologically rich environment. Critical care nursing requires a strong knowledge base and exceptional clinical and technological skills to cope in this demanding environment. Many registered nurses (RNs) commencing work in these areas may lack resilience, and because of the stress of the critical care environment, coping mechanisms need to be developed. To prevent burnout and to enable critical care nurses to function holistically, emotional intelligence (EI) is essential in the development of such coping mechanisms...
November 29, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150988/individual-differences-and-their-measurement-a-review-of-100-years-of-research
#13
Paul R Sackett, Filip Lievens, Chad H Van Iddekinge, Nathan R Kuncel
This article reviews 100 years of research on individual differences and their measurement, with a focus on research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. We focus on 3 major individual differences domains: (a) knowledge, skill, and ability, including both the cognitive and physical domains; (b) personality, including integrity, emotional intelligence, stable motivational attributes (e.g., achievement motivation, core self-evaluations), and creativity; and (c) vocational interests. For each domain, we describe the evolution of the domain across the years and highlight major theoretical, empirical, and methodological developments, including relationships between individual differences and variables such as job performance, job satisfaction, and career development...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141718/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-behavior-regulation-and-virtual-school-support
#14
Claire Wallace, Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Catherine Scherer, Nancy Roizen, Marilyn Augustyn
Tony is a 6-year-old multiracial boy diagnosed as having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-combined type who is followed in your primary care practice and has started on a stimulant medication. Tony continues to have difficulty with emotion regulation and impulse control both at home and at school. He was asked to leave his private school soon after beginning first grade because of physical fighting, emotional outbursts, and arguing with teachers.His mother made the decision to enroll Tony in online virtual schooling for the remainder of the academic year, with the plan to transition back to traditional school for the next academic year...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120529/the-role-of-parental-anxiety-sensitivity-and-learning-experiences-in-children-s-anxiety-sensitivity
#15
Céline Stassart, Benoit Dardenne, Anne-Marie Etienne
This study evaluated the impact of the mother's and father's anxiety sensitivity (AS) and learning experiences on children's AS, and the influence of two moderators: the children's femininity orientation and the children's emotional intelligence (EI). The sample comprised 200 non-clinical children, aged 9-13 years, and their parents (mothers and fathers). Results revealed that the effect of parental AS on children's AS is moderated by the children's EI for maternal AS and by their femininity traits for paternal AS...
January 25, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120402/preliminary-data-on-the-role-of-emotional-intelligence-in-mediating-the-relationship-between-psychopathic-characteristics-and-detention-terms-of-property-offenders
#16
Antonietta Curci, Emanuela Soleti, Amelia Manuti
We present preliminary data on the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in mediating the relationship between psychopathy and detention term of authors of property crimes. We assumed that the detention term is an approximation of the severity of criminal behavior. A sample of 24 property offenders were individually administered a brief anamnestic interview, the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R), and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Information concerning the detention term was obtained from prison records...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119304/emotional-intelligence-in-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#17
Luke B Anderson, Lynn K Paul, Warren S Brown
People with agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) with normal general intelligence have deficits in complex cognitive processing, as well as in social cognition. It is uncertain the extent to which impoverished processing of emotions may contribute to social processing deficiencies. We used the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test to clarify the nature of emotional intelligence in 16 adults with AgCC. As hypothesized, persons with AgCC exhibited greater disparities from norms on tests involving more socially complex aspects of emotions...
January 23, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113688/a-micro-ga-embedded-pso-feature-selection-approach-to-intelligent-facial-emotion-recognition
#18
Kamlesh Mistry, Li Zhang, Siew Chin Neoh, Chee Peng Lim, Ben Fielding
This paper proposes a facial expression recognition system using evolutionary particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based feature optimization. The system first employs modified local binary patterns, which conduct horizontal and vertical neighborhood pixel comparison, to generate a discriminative initial facial representation. Then, a PSO variant embedded with the concept of a micro genetic algorithm (mGA), called mGA-embedded PSO, is proposed to perform feature optimization. It incorporates a nonreplaceable memory, a small-population secondary swarm, a new velocity updating strategy, a subdimension-based in-depth local facial feature search, and a cooperation of local exploitation and global exploration search mechanism to mitigate the premature convergence problem of conventional PSO...
April 21, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110986/nurse-led-competency-model-for-emergency-physicians-a-qualitative-study
#19
Lina Daouk-Öyry, Afif Mufarrij, Maya Khalil, Tina Sahakian, Miriam Saliba, Rima Jabbour, Eveline Hitti
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To develop a competency model for emergency physicians from the perspective of nurses, juxtapose this model with the widely adopted Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) model, and identify competencies that might be unique to the nurses' perspective. METHODS: The study relied on secondary data originally collected as part of nurses' assessment of emergency physicians' nonclinical skills in the emergency department (ED) of an academic medical center in the Middle East...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110224/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-strategies-as-determinants-of-quality-of-life-in-depressed-patient-caregiver-dyads-an-actor-partner-interdependence-analysis
#20
L Boyer, K Baumstarck, M Alessandrini, Z Hamidou, J Testart, M Serres, P Arquillière, P Auquier, T Leroy, X Zendjidjian
OBJECTIVE: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their natural caregivers experience major lifestyle difficulties. Little is known concerning dyadic (i.e., patient and natural caregiver) characteristics' impact on quality of life. In a sample of depressed patient-caregiver dyads, we examined quality of life (QoL) levels compared with the general population and whether QoL is influenced by emotional intelligence (EI) and coping strategies using the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM)...
January 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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