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emotional intelligence

Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Wafaa Ali Algethmi, Safia Mohammad Binshihon, Rawan Aesh Almahyawi, Razan Faisal Alahmadi, Maha Yousef Baabdullah
Objectives: To determine the predictors of Emotional Intelligence (EI), and its relationship with academic performance, leadership capacity, self-efficacy and the perceived stress between medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 540 students selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale, Authentic Leadership questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the short version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Jacqueline Phillips, Janet Harris
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to map what is known about emotional intelligence (EI) in relation to staff job satisfaction and retention in nursing, and the tools that are used to measure EI in this context. REVIEW QUESTIONS: The primary question of this review is: What is known about nurse managers' EI as it relates to staff job satisfaction and retention in nursing?Sub-question 1: What tools are being used to measure nurse managers' EI and what theoretical frameworks are they based on?Sub-question 2: What gaps exist in the research related to nurse managers' EI as it relates to staff job satisfaction and retention in nursing? ...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Jo M Martins, Godfrey Isouard, Brenda Freshman
This article identifies three relevant and valid constructs that are associated with personal and organisational performance that can be used in the training of current and future health service managers: personal engagement at work, emotional intelligence and conflict resolution. A review was undertaken of the literature in human resources management to identify key concepts that bind and strengthen the management of organisations. A curriculum content analysis was then performed of postgraduate health management courses in Australia to assess the extent of inclusion in these areas...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Shira Cohen-Zimerman, Aileen Chau, Frank Krueger, Barry Gordon, Jordan Grafman
Machiavellianism - a personality trait that is characterized by a tendency to distrust, deceive and exploit others - has been the focus of growing attention in psychological research. Neuroimaging studies of Machiavellianism highlight the influence of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) on Machiavellianism tendencies. However, knowledge regarding the causal role of the left and right dlPFC on Machiavellianism is still obscure. Here, we measured general Machiavellian tendencies, as well as two subscales (i...
November 7, 2017: Neuropsychologia
Umna A Islam, Kristie L Poole, Louis A Schmidt, Jennifer Ford, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Fifty-seven percent of children with poor language skills are affected by socio-emotional problems. Despite the importance of language skills to interpersonal functioning and school performance, relatively little is known about how they affect self-esteem in adolescence. Data on youth at high risk for language problems (e.g. those born extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 grams)) are even more scarce. This prospective study examined associations between language skills at age 8 and self-esteem during adolescence (12-16 years) in individuals born at ELBW ( N = 138) or normal birth weight (NBW; >2500 grams) ( N = 111)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Ashley Acheson, Andrea S Vincent, Andrew J Cohoon, William R Lovallo
Individuals with a family history of alcohol and other drug use disorders (FH+) are at increased risk for developing substance use disorders themselves relative to those with no such histories (FH-). Here we sought to identify key characteristics associated with FH+ status and alcohol and other drug use disorder status in a large cohort of FH+ and FH- young adults. We conducted principal component analyses on demographic, temperament, and cognitive measures differentiating 506 FH+ and 528 FH- young adults. Three principal components were identified, and these component scores were then used to predict the odds of being FH+ and the odds of having an alcohol or other drug use disorder...
October 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Punya Sekhri, Meera Sandhu, Vinod Sachdev
Aim: Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to use emotions effectively and productively. It is becoming increasingly clear that these skills are one of the primary foundations for better performance of students in classrooms and in the society as well and EI provides the basis for competencies important "in almost every job." So we accessed the EI of teenagers as a guide of their academic score. Study design: We analyzed the correlation of academic score to the EI of teenagers in regular schools and part-time unconventional coaching institute using the Bar-On Emotional Quotient questionnaire...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
M Gemma Cherry, Ian Fletcher, Damon Berridge, Helen O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how doctors' attachment styles and emotional intelligence (EI) might influence patients' emotional expressions in general practice consultations. METHODS: Video recordings of 26 junior doctors consulting with 173 patients were coded using the Verona Coding Definition of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES). Doctors' attachment style was scored across two dimensions, avoidance and anxiety, using the Experiences in Close Relationships: Short Form questionnaire...
October 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
Sandra Farah-Franco, Gail Singer-Chang, Harshavardhan Deoghare
In dental education, professionalism has been viewed as a requirement in order to achieve and maintain competence in the practice of dentistry. The Professionalism Mini-Evaluation Exercise (P-MEX), a 21-item instrument validated in medicine, is often used to measure the following observable professionalism behaviors: doctor-patient relationship, reflective skills, time management skills, and interprofessional relationship skills. Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as the ability to accurately perceive emotions in oneself and in others in order to improve performance and personal growth...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Adam W McCrimmon, Emma A Climie, Stephany Huynh
PURPOSE: Resilience factors and their relation to emotional intelligence (EI) as a potential strength for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) were investigated. Children with either ADHD or HFASD were hypothesized to demonstrate reduced EI and differential relations between EI and resilience as compared to typically developing (TD) children. METHODS: Fifty-four children aged 8-12 years (18 with ADHD, 18 with HFASD, and 18 TD controls) completed the Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents and BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Daniel M Mazzaferro, Ari M Wes, Sanjay Naran, Rebecca Pearl, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
BACKGROUND: The effects of orthognathic surgery go beyond objective cephalometric correction of facial and dental disproportion and malocclusion, respectively. The authors hypothesized that there is tangible improvement following surgery that alters publicly perceived personality traits and emotions. METHODS: The authors used's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a crowdsourcing tool, to determine how preoperative and postoperative images of orthognathic surgery patients were perceived on six personality traits and six emotional expressions based on posteroanterior and lateral photographs...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Charles Robinson, Mika Armenta, Angela Combs, Melanie L Lamphere, Gabrielle J Garza, James Neary, Janet H Wolfe, Edward Molina, Dominick E Semey, Christina M McKee, Stevi J Gallegos, Aaron P Jones, Michael C Trumbo, Hussein Al-Azzawi, Michael A Hunter, Gregory Lieberman, Brian A Coffman, Mohamed Aboseria, Marom Bikson, Vincent P Clark, Katie Witkiewitz
Positive emotional perceptions and healthy emotional intelligence (EI) are important for social functioning. In this study, we investigated whether loving kindness meditation (LKM) combined with anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) would facilitate improvements in EI and changes in affective experience of visual stimuli. LKM has been shown to increase positive emotional experiences and we hypothesized that tDCS could enhance these effects. Eighty-seven undergraduates were randomly assigned to 30 minutes of LKM or a relaxation control recording with anodal tDCS applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (left dlPFC) or right temporoparietal junction (right TPJ) at 0...
October 25, 2017: Social Neuroscience
Hongjian Bo, Lin Ma, Haifeng Li
The relation between music and emotions has been investigated for decades. Most of the studies focused on short clips and were designed with specific tasks. This paper investigated the emotional states from electroencephalogram (EEG) activities during music appreciation. An emotion evoked experiment paradigm was designed during music appreciation. The EEG signals were recorded in 15 healthy adults during the entire process of music listening. The band power change (BPC) and higher order crossing (HOC) features were extracted from the EEG signals...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Michal Olszanowski, Olga Katarzyna Kaminska, Piotr Winkielman
Facial features that resemble emotional expressions influence key social evaluations, including trust. Here, we present four experiments testing how the impact of such expressive features is qualified by their processing difficulty. We show that faces with mixed expressive features are relatively devalued, and faces with pure expressive features are relatively valued. This is especially true when participants first engage in a categorisation task that makes processing of mixed expressions difficult and pure expressions easy...
October 23, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Desirée Kozlowski, Leeann Whitehair
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical nurses' experiences of utilising emotional intelligence capabilities during clinical reasoning and decision making. BACKGROUND: There has been little research exploring whether, or how, nurses employ emotional intelligence (EI) in clinical reasoning and decision making. DESIGN: Qualitative phase of a larger mixed-method study. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of Registered Nurses (n=12) following EI training and coaching...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Izabela Zych, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Inmaculada Marín-López
BACKGROUND: Studies on emotional intelligence show that some of its dimensions are related to psychological adjustment and the quality of interpersonal relationships. Besides face-to-face interaction, nowadays, relationships are also initiated and maintained in cyberspace. Some studies suggest that emotional content is present in cyber-behavior. The objective of this study was to reveal whether emotions are expressed, perceived and managed online – a concept called E-motions, and to validate an instrument to measure this concept...
November 2017: Psicothema
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Hee Park, Duk-In Jon, Myung Hun Jung, Narei Hong
OBJECTIVE: Emotional intelligence (EI) is regarded an important factor related to psychiatric disorder. Most of previous studies of EI and depression only dealt with EI in present of depressive symptoms. Our study investigated EI both before and after remission of depression and to identify which component of EI is changeable by depression condition. METHODS: EI was evaluated for 23 depression patients and 44 normal control participants. Adult Emotional Quotient Test (AEQT) was used as subjective EI measure and Emotional Literacy Test (ELT) was used as objective EI measure to both groups...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
Ping Li, Nan Zhou, Yuchi Zhang, Qing Xiong, Ruihong Nie, Xiaoyi Fang
School engagement plays a prominent role in promoting academic accomplishments. In contrast to the relative wealth of research that examined the impact of students' school engagement on their academic achievement, considerably less research has investigated the effect of high school students' prior achievement on their school engagement. The present study examined the relationship between prior achievement and school engagement among Chinese high school students. Based on the Dweck's social-cognitive theory of motivation, we further examined the moderating effect of students' theories of intelligence (TOIs) on this relationship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
James Ashcroft, Darshan Patel, Tanaraj Perinpanathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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