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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791758/post-traumatic-stress-symptomatology-following-exposure-to-perceived-traumatic-perinatal-events-within-the-midwifery-profession-the-impact-of-trait-emotional-intelligence
#1
Suzanne Nightingale, Helen Spiby, Kayleigh Sheen, Pauline Slade
AIMS: To explore factors associated with, and predictors of, post-traumatic stress symptoms in midwives. To explore factors associated with, and potential moderating effects of, trait emotional intelligence. Secondary analysis explored predictors of resilience. BACKGROUND: Midwives may experience vicarious trauma responses due to exposure to certain perinatal events in their professional lives. This may have adverse psychological outcomes for midwives, and women and children in their care...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790079/impact-of-spirituality-religiousness-on-cyber-bullying-and-victimization-in-university-students-mediating-effect-of-emotional-intelligence
#2
Mohit Yadav, Rohit Yadav
The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between spirituality/religiousness with cyber bullying and victimization amongst Indian University students and whether emotional intelligence mediates the relationship. Data were collected from 490 University students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate courses across India. IBM AMOS was used to find reliability and validity of instruments and PROCESS macro for IBM SPSS by Preacher and Hayes (Behav Res Methods 36(4): 717-731, 2004) was used for conducting mediation analyses...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789087/individual-differences-in-adaptability-to-isolated-confined-and-extreme-environments
#3
Paul T Bartone, Gerald P Krueger, Jocelyn V Bartone
INTRODUCTION: Future deep space missions will expose astronauts to more intense stressors than previously encountered. Isolation will be greater and more prolonged, living and work areas more confined, and communications and resupply channels to Earth longer and less reliable. Astronauts will need to function more autonomously, with less guidance and support from Earth. Thus, it is important to select and train astronauts who can adapt and function effectively under extreme and variable conditions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778051/assessing-psychopathy-in-forensic-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-validating-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-psychopathic-personality-institutional-rating-scale-capp-irs
#4
Louis De Page, Sophie Mercenier, Pierre Titeca
The assessment of psychopathy in (forensic) schizophrenia spectrum disorders is long-standing debate. In the present study, we investigated the psychometric properties of the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality-Institutional Rating Scale (CAPP-IRS) in a sample of 72 male forensic patients with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We compared the CAPP-IRS' psychometric properties to those of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). The CAPP-IRS showed good interrater reliability and internal consistency except for the CAPP-IRS Cognition and Emotional Domains...
May 16, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768128/the-importance-of-emotional-intelligence-and-cognitive-style-in-institutionalized-older-adults-quality-of-life
#5
Octavio Luque-Reca, Manuel Pulido-Martos, Esther Lopez-Zafra, José M Augusto-Landa
Despite previous evidence showing a positive relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and quality of life (QoL), associating older adults' emotional processing with several health indicators, few studies have explored both the IE and the a mechanisms through which they affect QoL. This cross-sectional study analyzes the mediator role of optimistic and pessimistic cognitive styles in the relationship between perceived EI (PEI) and QoL in 115 institutionalized older adults from Southern Spain. Regression analyses showed, after controlling for cognitive style, that PEI predicted a significant percentage of variance in: Health (β = ...
April 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765573/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-with-administrators-performance-at-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences
#6
Tooraj Sadeghi, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Habibolah Taghizade Moghaddam, Mohammad Jafari Ghodsi, Rasoul Hoseini
Background: The leadership of an organization requires specific features to adapt to changes and to survive and grow in new environments, and emotional intelligence is one of the most important attributes that can help leaders and managers respond to these changes. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence with administrators' performance at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 basic and middle managers of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran who were selected by census method in 2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763998/media-technology-use-and-attitudes-associations-with-physical-and-mental-well-being-in-youth-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#7
Nadine Zeeni, Rita Doumit, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the use of technology and media, in their different available forms, may have detrimental effects on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the use of different types of technology and media, attitudes toward them, and how they relate to physical and mental well-being in Lebanese university students. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758166/does-online-technology-make-us-more-or-less-sociable-a-preliminary-review-and-call-for-research
#8
Adam Waytz, Kurt Gray
How does online technology affect sociability? Emerging evidence-much of it inconclusive-suggests a nuanced relationship between use of online technology (the Internet, social media, and virtual reality) and sociability (emotion recognition, empathy, perspective taking, and emotional intelligence). Although online technology can facilitate purely positive behavior (e.g., charitable giving) or purely negative behavior (e.g., cyberbullying), it appears to affect sociability in three ways, depending on whether it allows a deeper understanding of people's thoughts and feelings: (a) It benefits sociability when it complements already-deep offline engagement with others, (b) it impairs sociability when it supplants deeper offline engagement for superficial online engagement, and (c) it enhances sociability when deep offline engagement is otherwise difficult to attain...
May 1, 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756796/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-scale-ders-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity
#9
Jian Li, Zhuo Rachel Han, Mengyu M Gao, Xin Sun, Nigela Ahemaitijiang
Numerous studies have identified the significant role of emotion regulation in an individual's psychological and social functioning. Ever since its development, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) has been widely adopted as a comprehensive measure to assess emotion regulation problems among English-speaking adults. To assess emotion regulation in adults from Chinese-speaking societies and to promote future cross-cultural examination of the emotion regulation processes, the authors aimed to develop a Chinese version of the DERS and provide an initial validation of this instrument...
May 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#10
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746176/reopening-openness-to-experience-a-network-analysis-of-four-openness-to-experience-inventories
#11
Alexander P Christensen, Katherine N Cotter, Paul J Silvia
Openness to Experience is a complex trait, the taxonomic structure of which has been widely debated. Previous research has provided greater clarity of its lower order structure by synthesizing facets across several scales related to Openness to Experience. In this study, we take a finer grained approach by investigating the item-level relations of four Openness to Experience inventories (Big Five Aspects Scale, HEXACO-100, NEO PI-3, and Woo et al.'s Openness to Experience Inventory), using a network science approach, which allowed items to form an emergent taxonomy of facets and aspects...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742522/the-effects-of-emotional-intelligence-training-on-the-job-performance-of-australian-aged-care-workers
#12
Leila Karimi, Sandra G Leggat, Timothy Bartram, Jiri Rada
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) training is popular among human resource practitioners, but there is limited evidence of the impact of such training on health care workers. PURPOSE: In the current article, we examine the effects of EI training on quality of resident care and worker well-being and psychological empowerment in an Australian aged care facility. We use Bar-On's (1997) conceptualization of EI. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: We used a quasiexperimental design in 2014-2015 with experimental (training) and control (nontraining) groups of 60 participants in each group in two geographically separate facilities...
May 9, 2018: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741205/protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-piano-training-on-cognitive-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#13
Jennifer Bugos
Age-related cognitive decline and cognitive impairment represent the fastest growing health epidemic worldwide among those over 60. There is a critical need to identify effective and novel complex cognitive interventions to promote successful aging. Since piano training engages cognitive and bimanual sensorimotor processing, we hypothesize that piano training may serve as an effective cognitive intervention, as it requires sustained attention and engages an executive network that supports generalized cognition and emotional control...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733956/patterns-of-thought-population-variation-in-the-associations-between-large-scale-network-organisation-and-self-reported-experiences-at-rest
#14
Hao-Ting Wang, Danilo Bzdok, Daniel Margulies, Cameron Craddock, Michael Milham, Elizabeth Jefferies, Jonathan Smallwood
Contemporary cognitive neuroscience recognises unconstrained processing varies across individuals, describing variation in meaningful attributes, such as intelligence. It may also have links to patterns of on-going experience. This study examined whether dimensions of population variation in different modes of unconstrained processing can be described by the associations between patterns of neural activity and self-reports of experience during the same period. We selected 258 individuals from a publicly available data set who had measures of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, and self-reports of experience during the scan...
May 4, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728078/emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-a-mixed-methods-study-from-chennai-india
#15
Subashini Sundararajan, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence is the ability of a person to understand and respond to one's own and others' emotions and use this understanding to guide one's thoughts and actions. To assess the level of emotional intelligence of medical students in a medical college in Chennai and to explore their understanding of the role of emotions in medical practice. METHODS: A quantitative, cross sectional, questionnaire based, survey was conducted among 207 medical students in a college in Chennai, India using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self Assessment Test and some hypothetical emotional clinical vignettes...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727307/long-term-cognitive-and-psychological-functioning-in-post-electroconvulsive-therapy-patients
#16
Michelle L Miller, Hien Luu, Owen Gaasedelen, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Alexis Elmore, Naseem Dezhkam, John Bayless, David J Moser, Douglas M Whiteside
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is associated with positive outcomes for treatment-resistant mood disorders in the short term. However, there is limited research on long-term cognitive or psychological changes beyond 1 year after -ECT. This study evaluated long-term outcomes in cognitive functioning, psychiatric symptoms, and quality of life for individuals who had undergone ECT. METHODS: Eligible participants (N = 294) who completed a brief pre-ECT neuropsychological assessment within the last 14 years were recruited for a follow-up evaluation; a limited sample agreed to follow-up testing (n = 34)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724021/a-new-layered-model-on-emotional-intelligence
#17
Athanasios S Drigas, Chara Papoutsi
Emotional Intelligence (EI) has been an important and controversial topic during the last few decades. Its significance and its correlation with many domains of life has made it the subject of expert study. EI is the rudder for feeling, thinking, learning, problem-solving, and decision-making. In this article, we present an emotional⁻cognitive based approach to the process of gaining emotional intelligence and thus, we suggest a nine-layer pyramid of emotional intelligence and the gradual development to reach the top of EI...
May 2, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724008/emotional-intelligence-motivational-climate-and-levels-of-anxiety-in-athletes-from-different-categories-of-sports-analysis-through-structural-equations
#18
Manuel Castro-Sánchez, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, Carlos Javier López-Gutiérrez, Edson Zafra-Santos
(1) Background: Psychological factors can strongly affect the athletes’ performance. Therefore, currently the role of the sports psychologist is particularly relevant, being in charge of training the athlete’s psychological factors. This study aims at analysing the connections between motivational climate in sport, anxiety and emotional intelligence depending on the type of sport practised (individual/team) by means of a multigroup structural equations analysis. (2) 372 semi-professional Spanish athletes took part in this investigation, analysing motivational climate (PMCSQ-2), emotional intelligence (SSRI) and levels of anxiety (STAI)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723781/emotional-abilities-and-hba1c-levels-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Desireé Ruiz-Aranda, Leehu Zysberg, Ernesto García-Linares, Ana María Castellano-Guerrero, María Asunción Martínez-Brocca, Mencía R Gutiérrez-Colosía
In recent years a growing body of research is focused on the relationships between emotions and health. When it comes to diabetes, findings suggest that distress might play a key role in the acquisition and maintenance of health habits associated with diabetic management. This report describes two studies examining the roles of emotional abilities in diabetic management from two different conceptual points of view using two culturally different samples. In study 1, we examined the relationship between emotional intelligence and HbA1c levels in a sample of eighty-five patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) in Israel...
April 20, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723243/it-s-the-deceiver-not-the-receiver-no-individual-differences-when-detecting-deception-in-a-foreign-and-a-native-language
#20
Marvin K H Law, Simon A Jackson, Eugene Aidman, Mattis Geiger, Sally Olderbak, Sabina Kleitman
Individual differences in lie detection remain poorly understood. Bond and DePaulo's meta-analysis examined judges (receivers) who were ascertaining lies from truths and senders (deceiver) who told these lies and truths. Bond and DePaulo found that the accuracy of detecting deception depended more on the characteristics of senders rather than the judges' ability to detect lies/truths. However, for many studies in this meta-analysis, judges could hear and understand senders. This made language comprehension a potential confound...
2018: PloS One
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