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work readiness

Alfonso Sollami, Luca Caricati, Tiziana Mancini
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is an important factor in facilitating subsequent interprofessional collaboration. Therefore, implementing this teaching strategy is important to increase the chances that future professionals will work effectively together. Group membership, status and the power differential among professional groups are factors that can hinder both interprofessional education and collaboration. From a psychosocial point of view, interprofessional education may be described as an intergroup context in which members of different status groups interact...
June 11, 2018: Nurse Education Today
A Ciach
The low-T part of the phase diagram in self-assembling systems is correctly predicted by known versions of density functional theory (DFT). The high-T part obtained in DFT, however, does not agree with simulations even on the qualitative level. In this work, a new version of DFT for systems with spontaneous inhomogeneities on a mesoscopic length scale is developed. The contribution to the grand thermodynamic potential associated with mesoscopic fluctuations is explicitly taken into account. The expression for this contribution is obtained by methods known from the Brazovskii field theory...
June 20, 2018: Soft Matter
Carrie B Jackson, Laurel A Brabson, Lauren B Quetsch, Amy D Herschell
Consistent with Baldwin and Ford's model (Pers Psychol 41(1):63-105, 1988), training transfer is defined as the generalization of learning from a training to everyday practice in the workplace. The purpose of this review was to examine the influence of work-environment factors, one component of the model hypothesized to influence training transfer within behavioral health. An electronic literature search guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research's inner setting domain was conducted was conducted on Medline OVID, Medline EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases...
June 19, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
S Plana-Ruiz, J Portillo, S Estradé, F Peiró, Ute Kolb, S Nicolopoulos
A general method to set illuminating conditions for selectable beam convergence and probe size is presented in this work for Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM) fitted with µs/pixel fast beam scanning control, (S)TEM, and an annular dark field detector. The case of interest of beam convergence and probe size, which enables diffraction pattern indexation, is then used as a starting point in this work to add 100 Hz precession to the beam while imaging the specimen at a fast rate and keeping the projector system in diffraction mode...
June 6, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
R Nicholas Carleton, Stephanie Korol, Julia E Mason, Kadie Hozempa, Gregory S Anderson, Nicholas A Jones, Keith S Dobson, Andrew Szeto, Suzanne Bailey
Police agencies increasingly implement training programs to protect mental health. The Road to Mental Readiness (R2MR) program was designed by the Canadian military to increase mental health resilience. A version of R2MR was adapted for municipal police by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The current research was designed to assess the R2MR program, as adapted and delivered by the MHCC, in a municipal police sample. Participants were 147 Canadian police agency employees (57% women) who received a single R2MR training session...
June 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Deirdre Richardson, Simon Adamson, Daryle Deering
INTRODUCTION: The pan-theoretical variable of alliance has been consistently reported to have a moderate yet robust effect on psychotherapy treatment outcome. However, the relationship is less clear in the addiction field where there is more limited research. The current study investigated the relationship between alliance and treatment outcome in an alcohol dependent and depressed population. METHOD: The Treatment Evaluation of Alcohol and Mood (TEAM) study was a randomized controlled pharmacotherapy trial with supportive clinical case management...
August 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Camille Choufani, Olivier Barbier, Aurélie Mayet, Sylvain Rigal, Laurent Mathieu
Introduction: A deployed military orthopedic surgeon is a trauma surgeon working in austere conditions. The first aim of this study was to analyze the current activity of French military orthopedic surgeons in the field and to identify the differences of the combat zone with their daily practice. The second aim was to assess the adequacy of the preparedness they received before their deployment and to identify additional needs that could be addressed in future training. Methods: An evaluation survey was sent to all French military orthopedic surgeons deployed in theaters of operations between 2004 and 2014...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
Majid Bani-Yaghoub, Abdellatif Elhomani, Delwyn Catley
BACKGROUND: Motivational Interviewing (MI), Brief Advice (BA) and Health Education (HE) are established smoking cessation induction methods for smokers with low desire to quit. Although randomized controlled trials (RCT's) have been frequently used to assess these interventions the temporal efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions have been poorly elaborated. The present work endeavors to fill the gap by considering the full range of possible motivational outcomes for all of the participants...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Jan Pauly, Harald Gröger, Anant V Patel
Encapsulation of hydrolases in biopolymer-based hydrogels often suffers from low activities and encapsulation efficiencies along with high leaching and unsatisfactory recycling properties. Exemplified for the encapsulation of pig liver esterase the coating of alginate and chitosan beads have been studied by creating various biopolymer hydrogel beads. Enzyme activity and encapsulation efficiency were notably enhanced by chitosan coating of alginate beads while leaching remained nearly unchanged. This was caused by the enzymatic reaction acidifying the matrix, which increased enzyme retention through enhanced electrostatic enzyme-alginate interaction but decreased activity through enzyme deactivation...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Anne-Mette Hedeager Momsen, Thomas Lund, Therese Koops Grønborg, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Chris Jensen, Janne Skakon, Merete Labriola
The objective of the present study was to translate and validate the Canadian Readiness for Return To Work instrument (RRTW-CA) into a Danish version (RRTWDK) by testing its test-retest and internal consistency reliability and its structural and construct validity. Cross-cultural adaptation of the six-staged RRTW-CA instrument was performed in a standardised, systematic five-step-procedure; forward translation, panel synthesis of the translation, back translation, consolidation and revision by researchers, and finally pre-testing...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Roger O Smith, Marcia Scherer, Rory Cooper, Diane Bell, David A Hobbs, Cecilia Pettersson, Nicky Seymour, Johan Borg, Michelle J Johnson, Joseph P Lane, S Sujatha Srinivasan, Pvm Rao, Qussai M Obiedat, Mac MacLachlan, Stephen Bauer
This paper is based on work from the Global Research, Innovation, and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit that was coordinated by WHO's Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology (GATE). The purpose of this paper is to describe the needs and opportunities embedded in the assistive product lifecycle as well as issues relating to the various stages of assistive product mobilization worldwide. The paper discusses assistive technology product terminology and the dangers of focusing on products outside the context and rolling out products without a plan...
June 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Leda Severi, Lorena Losi, Sergio Fonda, Laura Taddia, Gaia Gozzi, Gaetano Marverti, Fulvio Magni, Clizia Chinello, Martina Stella, Jalid Sheouli, Elena I Braicu, Filippo Genovese, Angela Lauriola, Chiara Marraccini, Alessandra Gualandi, Domenico D'Arca, Stefania Ferrari, Maria P Costi
Proteomics and bioinformatics are a useful combined technology for the characterization of protein expression level and modulation associated with the response to a drug and with its mechanism of action. The folate pathway represents an important target in the anticancer drugs therapy. In the present study, a discovery proteomics approach was applied to tissue samples collected from ovarian cancer patients who relapsed after the first-line carboplatin-based chemotherapy and were treated with pemetrexed (PMX), a known folate pathway targeting drug...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Hoai-An Truong, Michelle J Gorman, Meghan East, Dennis W Klima, Katherine A Hinderer, G Lawrence Hogue, Voncelia Brown, Robert L Joyner
Health care professionals working collaboratively on interprofessional teams are essential to optimize patient-centered care. Collaboration and teamwork can be best achieved if interprofessional education (IPE) starts early for health professions students. This commentary describes the formation, implementation, impact, and lessons learned from students' curricular and co-curricular activities and faculty collaboration over a five-year trajectory of the Eastern Shore Collaborative for Interprofessional Education (ESCIPE)...
May 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Emily J Haas
Mineworkers are continually introduced to protective technologies on the job. Yet, their perceptions toward the technologies are often not addressed until they are actively trying to use them, which may halt safe technology adoption and associated work practices. This study explored management and worker perspectives toward three technologies to forecast adoption and behavioral intention on the job. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 21 mineworkers and 19 mine managers to determine the adoption process stage algorithm for workers and managers, including perceived barriers to using new safety and health technologies...
March 2018: Occupational health science
Michelle Baybutt, Mark Dooris, Alan Farrier
Globally, prisoners tend to come from marginalized and socially disadvantaged sections of the society and exhibit a high incidence of ill health, linked to social exclusion and multiple complex needs. Prisons therefore offer an important opportunity to tackle inequality and injustice, through promoting health, reducing reoffending and facilitating community reintegration.This paper reports on and critically discusses findings from an evaluative research study, which aimed to identify and explore impacts of prisoners' participation in an innovative social and therapeutic horticultural programme, 'Greener on the Outside for Prisons' (GOOP), delivered in prisons in North West England...
May 29, 2018: Health Promotion International
Giuseppe Santisi, Paola Magnano, Silvia Platania, Tiziana Ramaci
Background: The phases of career building today bring out a more complex process than in previous decades. Starting from the literature review, the university-to-work transition is considered a very important step in the future career of the graduates, and it involves some psychological resources and requires specific abilities. Methods: Research has examined the psychological resources that students at the end of a degree course can use in the university-to-work transition...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Rebecca L Wilcox, Patricia V Adem, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, James B Atkinson, Leah W Burke, Hoiwan Cheung, Shoumita Dasgupta, Julia DeLaGarza, Loren Joseph, Robin LeGallo, Madelyn Lew, Christina M Lockwood, Alice Meiss, Jennifer Norman, Priscilla Markwood, Hasan Rizvi, Kate P Shane-Carson, Mark E Sobel, Eric Suarez, Laura J Tafe, Jason Wang, Richard L Haspel
Genomic medicine is transforming patient care. However, the speed of development has left a knowledge gap between discovery and effective implementation into clinical practice. Since 2010, the Training Residents in Genomics (TRIG) Working Group has found success in building a rigorous genomics curriculum with implementation tools aimed at pathology residents in postgraduate training years 1-4. Based on the TRIG model, the interprofessional Undergraduate Training in Genomics (UTRIG) Working Group was formed...
May 30, 2018: Personalized Medicine
Susan M Fowler, Mary C Knowlton, Amy W Putnam
Clinical immersion is a method used by various academic programs to narrow the theory-to-practice gap and assist students to transition from school to a new work environment. In the clinical immersion model, students embark upon a concentrated and intensive clinical experience, typically at the end of a semester or program. This literature review explored the various methods by which programs carry out the immersion clinical experience model and if the experience improved students' readiness for entry level positions...
May 3, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
A Flatau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Karolina Anna Lis, Annika Boulaaba, Sylvia Binder, Yangfang Li, Corinna Kehrenberg, Julia Louise Zimmermann, Günter Klein, Birte Ahlfeld
The application of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) for decontamination of sliced ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products (in this case, rolled fillets of ham), inoculated with Salmonella (S.) Typhimurium and Listeria (L.) monocytogenes was investigated. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is an ionised gas that includes highly reactive species and ozone, interacting with cell membranes and DNA of bacteria. The mode of action of CAPs includes penetration and disruption of the outer cell membrane or intracellular destruction of DNA located in the cytoplasm...
2018: PloS One
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