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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633689/the-relationship-between-community-nutritionists-use-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-prevent-obesity-and-its-determinants-depends-on-networking
#1
Angela H Lu, Katherine L Dickin, Mark A Constas, Jamie S Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the relationship between the constructs of background factors and beliefs towards using policy, systems and environmental (PSE) strategies and reported use of PSE strategies to prevent obesity by a group of professional nutrition educators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-reported survey. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York, USA. SUBJECTS: Nutrition educators (n 58); survey response rate 100 %...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629969/prevalence-and-serotype-distribution-of-listeria-monocytogenes-isolated-from-foods-in-montevideo-uruguay
#2
Valeria Braga, Sylvia Vázquez, Victoria Vico, Valeria Pastorino, María Inés Mota, Marcela Legnani, Felipe Schelotto, Gustavo Lancibidad, Gustavo Varela
The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in foods obtained in retail shops and food industries located in Montevideo-Uruguay, and to identify the serogroups of the obtained isolates. Three-thousand one-hundred and seventy-five food samples (frozen, deli meats, ready-to-eat and cheese) were analyzed. The obtained isolates were serogrouped by multiplex PCR and serotyped by conventional procedure. Genetic comparisons were performed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis on a sub-set of isolates belonging to the same serotype successively recovered from the same establishment...
June 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614748/analysis-of-the-use-of-the-iaea-rapid-method-of-89-sr-and-90-sr-in-milk-for-environmental-monitoring
#3
M Herranz, R Idoeta, S Rozas, F Legarda
Rapid methods that are used during nuclear accidents or incident situations must first be implemented and validated in radioactivity measurement laboratories, so they can be ready to provide quick answers to governments, regulatory organizations and people in such situations. As these accident situations are rare and the methods are thus not frequently used, the best way to achieve this is to use the same methods for both routine environmental monitoring and rapid or emergency situations. Before this can be done, however, an analysis of the conditions under which a rapid method could be effectively used in routine situations should be carried out...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610508/getting-ready-to-take-the-lead-in-neonatal-care
#4
Lynne Pearce
Inspiring others is important to Nicky McCarthy, who works in a trail-blazing role as an advanced neonatal nurse practitioner.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602800/critical-quality-attributes-in-vitro-release-and-correlated-in-vitro-skin-permeation-in-vivo-tape-stripping-collective-data-for-demonstrating-therapeutic-non-equivalence-of-topical-semisolids-a-case-study-of-ready-to-use-vehicles
#5
Tanja Ilić, Ivana Pantelić, Dominique Lunter, Sanela Đorđević, Bojan Marković, Dragana Ranković, Rolf Daniels, Snežana Savić
This work aimed to prove the ability of "ready-to-use" topical vehicles based on alkyl polyglucoside-mixed emulsifier (with/without co-solvent modifications) to replace the conventionally used pharmacopoeial bases (e.g., non-ionic hydrophilic cream) in compounding practice. For this purpose, considering the regulatory efforts to establish alternative, scientifically valid methods for evaluating therapeutic equivalence of topical semisolids, we performed a comparative assessment of microstructure, selected critical quality attributes (CQAs) and in vitro/in vivo product performances, by utilizing aceclofenac as a model drug...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601466/survey-of-work-processes-on-german-dairy-farms
#6
A Hesse, S Bertulat, W Heuwieser
The objective of this study was to conduct a survey to gain insight into the organization of work processes on commercial German dairy farms analyzing the use of standard operating procedures (SOP). Practices and routines were surveyed regarding the existence, creation, and use of SOP. A total of 250 survey forms were returned, and 248 could be used for final analysis. The existence of SOP was indicated by 82% of all respondents, but only 54% stated that these SOP were written down. Existence of SOP correlated with farm size such that larger farms were more likely to implement SOP than smaller farms...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597952/efficacy-of-combined-sous-vide-microwave-cooking-for-foodborne-pathogen-inactivation-in-ready-to-eat-chicory-stems
#7
Massimiliano Renna, Maria Gonnella, Silvia de Candia, Francesco Serio, Federico Baruzzi
There is a variety of different food processing methods, which can be used to prepare ready-to-eat foods. However, the need to preserve the freshness and nutritional qualities leads to the application of mild technologies which may be insufficient to inactivate microbial pathogens. In this work, fresh chicory stems were packed under a vacuum in films, which were transparent to microwaves. These were then exposed to microwaves for different periods of time. The application of sous vide microwave cooking (SV-MW, 900 W, 2450 MHz), controlled naturally occurring mesophilic aerobic bacteria, yeasts and molds for up to 30 d when vacuum-packed vegetables were stored at 4 °C...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596762/species-distribution-and-prevalence-of-putative-virulence-factors-in-mesophilic-aeromonas-spp-isolated-from-fresh-retail-sushi
#8
Sunniva Hoel, Olav Vadstein, Anita N Jakobsen
Aeromonas spp. are ubiquitous bacteria that have received increasing attention as human pathogens because of their widespread occurrence in food, especially seafood and vegetables. The aim of this work was to assess the species identity and phylogenetic relationship of 118 Aeromonas strains isolated from fresh retail sushi from three producers, and to characterize the isolates with respect to genetic and phenotypic virulence factors. We also evaluate the potential hazard associated with their presence in ready-to-eat seafood not subjected to heat treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596725/a-ternary-brain-computer-interface-based-on-single-trial-readiness-potentials-of-self-initiated-fine-movements-a-diversified-classification-scheme
#9
Elias Abou Zeid, Alborz Rezazadeh Sereshkeh, Benjamin Schultz, Tom Chau
In recent years, the readiness potential (RP), a type of pre-movement neural activity, has been investigated for asynchronous electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Since the RP is attenuated for involuntary movements, a BCI driven by RP alone could facilitate intentional control amid a plethora of unintentional movements. Previous studies have mainly attempted binary single-trial classification of RP. An RP-based BCI with three or more states would expand the options for functional control...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591641/cardiac-stem-cells-for-myocardial-regeneration-promising-but-not-ready-for-prime-time
#10
REVIEW
Joshua Lader, Maxine Stachel, Lei Bu
Remarkable strides have been made in the treatment of ischemic heart disease in decades. As the initial loss of cardiomyocytes associated with myocardial infarction serves as an impetus for myocardial remodeling, the ability to replace these cells with healthy counterparts would represent an effective treatment for many forms of cardiovascular disease. The discovery of cardiac stem cells (that can differentiate into multiple lineages) highlighted the possibility for development of cell-based therapeutics to achieve this ultimate goal...
June 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589632/effect-of-a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-on-criminal-thinking-and-prison-misconduct-in-male-inmates-variable-oriented-and-person-oriented-analyses
#11
Glenn D Walters
BACKGROUND: There is some consensus on the value of cognitive-behaviourally informed interventions in the criminal justice system, but uncertainty about which components are of critical value. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that change in prisoners - criminal thinking and institutional misconduct - will both follow completion of a brief cognitive behavioural intervention. METHODS: A one-group pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design was used to assess change on the General Criminal Thinking (GCT) scale of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles among 219 male prisoners completing a 10-week cognitive behavioural intervention, referred to as 'Lifestyle Issues'...
June 7, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583418/policies-for-managing-emergency-medical-services-in-mass-casualty-incidents
#12
B Adini, M Bodas, H Nilsson, K Peleg
INTRODUCTION: Diverse decision-making is needed in managing mass casualty incidents (MCIs), by emergency medical services (EMS). The aim of the study was to review consensus among international experts concerning policies of EMS management during MCIs. METHODS: Applicability of 21 EMS policies was tested through a 2-cycle modified e-Delphi process, in which 38 multi-disciplinary experts from 10 countries participated. Threshold for approving proposed solutions was defined as consensus of >80%...
May 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580024/relationships-between-career-indecision-search-for-work-self-efficacy-and-psychological-well-being-in-italian-never-employed-young-adults
#13
Maria Maddalena Viola, Pasquale Musso, Sonia Ingoglia, Alida Lo Coco, Cristiano Inguglia
Although different studies have investigated career choices as cognitive acts of decision-making, non-cognitive components also play an important role. The study tries to develop an empirically based model of career decision-making process linking cognitive (search for work self-efficacy - SWSE) and non-cognitive (psychological well-being - PWB) components. In particular, the study investigates, among 148 never-employed Italian young adults, to what extent the relationship between SWSE and career indecision in terms of lack of readiness (LoR) can be explained by their common relationship with PWB...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579961/characterization-of-annexin-v-fusion-with-the-superfolder-gfp-in-liposomes-binding-and-apoptosis-detection
#14
Abdul Qader Abbady, Aya Twair, Bouthaina Ali, Hossam Murad
Programed cell death is a critical and unavoidable part of life. One of the most widely used markers for dying cells, by apoptosis or pyroptosis, is the redistribution of phosphatidylserine (PS) from the inner to the outer plasma membrane leaflet. Annexin V protein is a sensitive and specific probe to mark this event because of its high affinity to the exposed PS. Beyond that, annexin V can bind to any PS-containing phospholipid bilayer of almost all tiny forms of membranous vesicles like blood platelets, exosomes, or even nanostructured liposomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578827/a-phylogenetic-framework-for-the-kingdom-fungi-based-on-18s-rrna-gene-sequences
#15
Pablo Yarza, Pelin Yilmaz, Katrin Panzer, Frank Oliver Glöckner, Marlis Reich
The usage of molecular phylogenetic approaches is critical to advance the understanding of systematics and community processes in the kingdom Fungi. Among the possible phylogenetic markers (or combinations of them), the 18S rRNA gene appears currently as the most prominent candidate due to its large availability in public databases and informative content. The purpose of this work was the creation of a reference phylogenetic framework that can serve as ready-to-use package for its application on fungal classification and community analysis...
May 31, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577428/vapc-1-targeted-64-cu-tp3805-kit-preparation-and-its-evaluation
#16
Sushil K Tripathi, Pardeep Kumar, Edouard J Trabulsi, Sung Kim, Peter A McCue, Charles Intenzo, Adam Berger, Leonard Gomella, Mathew L Thakur
INTRODUCTION: Previously, our laboratory has shown that (64)Cu-TP3805 can specifically target VPAC-1 receptors and be used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of breast (BC) and prostate cancer (PC) in humans. Present work is aimed at the formulation of a freeze-dried diaminedithiol-peptide (N2S2-TP3805) kit and it's evaluation for the preparation of (64)Cu labeled TP3805. Parameters such as pH, temperature and incubation time were examined that influenced the radiolabeling efficiency and stability of the product...
May 3, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575706/the-impact-of-undergraduate-clinical-teaching-models-on-the-perceptions-of-work-readiness-among-new-graduate-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Emma E B Patterson, Leanne Boyd, George Mnatzaganian
BACKGROUND: Clinical Placements are an essential component of bridging the gap between academic theory and nursing practice. There are multiple clinical models designed to ease the transition from student to professional, yet there has been little exploration of such models and their impact on graduates' perceptions of work-readiness. OBJECTIVES: This cross sectional study examined perceptions of work-readiness of new graduate nurses who attended one of the following clinical teaching models: the University Fellowship Program (UFP), the Traditional Multi-facility Clinical Model (TMCPM), and the Mixed Program (MP)...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574895/job-and-role-transitions-the-pathway-to-career-evolution
#18
Michael R Bleich
An individual's career trajectory evolves with each job and role transition. Over time, job/role experiences trigger choices as to whether to stay in a particular job setting or role. Reflective questions guide the process of deciding whether and when it is time to transition. Considerations include role fit with lifestyle expectations, need for advanced knowledge and formal education, and readiness for upward or lateral movement. Using a framework modeled after the work of Bolman and Deal, this article presents 4 lenses to guide a careerist's readiness and need for change: human resource, structural, political, and symbolic factors...
July 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572825/antidiabetic-compounds-in-syzygium-cumini-decoction-and-ready-to-serve-herbal-drink
#19
P R D Perera, S Ekanayake, K K D S Ranaweera
Herbal beverages with desirable sensory attributes are an ideal way to offer consumers with phytochemicals having specific health promoting functionalities. Syzygium cumini bark decoction is used in treating diabetes mellitus in Ayurveda medicine. This work attempted to prove the presence of antidiabetic compounds in the S. cumini decoction and the ready to serve (RTS) herbal drink developed using the decoction. Activity guided fractionation of the decoction of the S. cumini was carried out by sequential extraction with organic solvents of different polarities...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566068/work-readiness-and-workforce-numbers-the-challenges
#20
Richard B Murray, Andrew Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
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