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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687716/flexible-asymmetric-solid-state-supercapacitor-by-highly-efficient-3d-nanostructured-%C3%AE-mno2-and-h-cus-electrodes
#1
Amar Patil, Abhishek C Lokhande, Pragati A Shinde, Chandrakant D Lokhande
The simplistic and economical chemical way has been used to prepare highly efficient nanostructured, manganese oxide (α-MnO2) and hexagonal copper sulfide (h-CuS) electrodes directly on cheap and flexible stainless steel sheets. Flexible solid-state α-MnO2/FSS/PVA-LiClO4/h-CuS/FSS asymmetric supercapacitor device (ASCs) have been fabricated using PVA-LiClO4 gel electrolyte. High active surface areas of α-MnO2 (75 m2 g-1) and h-CuS (83 m2 g-1) electrodes contribute to more electrochemical reactions at electrode and electrolyte interface...
April 24, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685640/how-and-when-do-patients-request-life-expectancy-estimates-evidence-from-hospice-medical-consultations-and-insights-for-practice
#2
Marco Pino, Ruth Parry
OBJECTIVE: To break new ground by directly examining how patients seek life-expectancy estimates, and how doctors support them in doing so. METHODS: Conversation analytic examination of 10 recorded UK hospice consultations involving 3 palliative specialists. RESULTS: Life-expectancy estimate episodes frequently begin after a doctor has given a patient an opportunity to shape the consultation agenda. Rather than posing direct questions, patients cautiously display their interest in receiving an estimate using statements...
April 3, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678137/supporting-teams-to-optimize-function-and-independence-in-veterans-a-multi-study-program-and-mixed-methods-protocol
#3
Virginia Wang, Kelli Allen, Courtney H Van Houtven, Cynthia Coffman, Nina Sperber, Elizabeth P Mahanna, Cathleen Colón-Emeric, Helen Hoenig, George L Jackson, Teresa M Damush, Erika Price, Susan N Hastings
BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of new clinical programs depends on effectively establishing, reorganizing, or enhancing team structures and processes to coordinate the work of individuals who are interdependent in their tasks, manage relationships, and share responsibility for outcomes. However, a one-size-fits-all approach is rarely effective. In partnership with VA national clinical leaders and local clinical champions, the Optimizing Function and Independence VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative program (Function QUERI) will evaluate efforts to implement team-based clinical programs for Veterans at risk for functional decline and disability...
April 20, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673841/electrospun-silk-fibroin-fibers-for-storage-and-controlled-release-of-human-platelet-lysate
#4
Cataldo Pignatelli, Giovanni Perotto, Marta Nardini, Ranieri Cancedda, Maddalena Mastrogiacomo, Athanassia Athanassiou
Human platelet lysate (hPL) is a pool of growth factors and cytokines able to induce regeneration of different tissues. Despite its good potentiality as therapeutic tool for regenerative medicine applications, hPL has been only moderately exploited in this field. A more widespread adoption has been limited because of its rapid degradation at room temperature that decreases its functionality. Another limiting factor for its extensive use is the difficulty of handling the hPL gels. In this work, silk fibroin-based patches were developed to address several points: improving the handling of hPL, enabling their delivery in a controlled manner and facilitating their storage by creating a device ready to use with expanded shelf life...
April 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670916/readiness-of-sub-saharan-africa-healthcare-systems-for-the-new-pandemic-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Bernardo Nuche-Berenguer, Linda E Kupfer
Background: Effective health systems are needed to care for the coming surge of diabetics in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Objective: We conducted a systematic review of literature to determine the capacity of SSA health systems to manage diabetes. Methodology: We used three different databases (Embase, Scopus, and PubMed) to search for studies, published from 2004 to 2017, on diabetes care in SSA. Results: Fifty-five articles met the inclusion criteria, covering the different aspects related to diabetes care such as availability of drugs and diagnostic tools, the capacity of healthcare workers, and the integration of diabetes care into HIV and TB platforms...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669705/diabetes-related-behavior-change-knowledge-transfer-to-primary-care-practitioners-and-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-digital-health-platform
#6
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral science is now being integrated into diabetes self-management interventions. However, the challenge that presents itself is how to translate these knowledge resources during care so that primary care practitioners can use them to offer evidence-informed behavior change support and diabetes management recommendations to patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a computerized decision support platform called "Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment" (DWISE) that assists primary care practitioners in applying standardized behavior change strategies and clinical practice guidelines-based recommendations to an individual patient and empower the patient with the skills and knowledge required to self-manage their diabetes through planned, personalized, and pervasive behavior change strategies...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669512/a-systematic-review-of-transmission-dynamic-studies-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-non-hospital-residential-facilities
#7
Kin On Kwok, Jonathan M Read, Arthur Tang, Hong Chen, Steven Riley, Kai Man Kam
BACKGROUND: Non-hospital residential facilities are important reservoirs for MRSA transmission. However, conclusions and public health implications drawn from the many mathematical models depicting nosocomial MRSA transmission may not be applicable to these settings. Therefore, we reviewed the MRSA transmission dynamics studies in defined non-hospital residential facilities to: (1) provide an overview of basic epidemiology which has been addressed; (2) identify future research direction; and (3) improve future model implementation...
April 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666045/general-practitioners-perspective-on-ehealth-and-lifestyle-change-qualitative-interview-study
#8
Carl Joakim Brandt, Gabrielle Isidora Søgaard, Jane Clemensen, Jens Sndergaard, Jesper Bo Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Wearables, fitness apps, and patient home monitoring devices are used increasingly by patients and other individuals with lifestyle challenges. All Danish general practitioners (GPs) use digital health records and electronic health (eHealth) consultations on a daily basis, but how they perceive the increasing demand for lifestyle advice and whether they see eHealth as part of their lifestyle support should be explored further. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore GPs' perspectives on eHealth devices and apps and the use of eHealth in supporting healthy lifestyle behavior for their patients and themselves...
April 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665825/evaluation-of-fluorimetry-and-direct-visualization-to-interpret-results-of-a-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-kit-to-detect-leishmania-dna
#9
Ana V Ibarra-Meneses, Israel Cruz, Carmen Chicharro, Carmen Sánchez, Sylvain Biéler, Tobias Broger, Javier Moreno, Eugenia Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have proven to be advantageous in the diagnosis of leishmaniases, allowing sensitive diagnosis of: (i) cutaneous leishmaniasis in long duration lesions and (ii) visceral leishmaniasis using a less-invasive sample like peripheral blood, in opposition to tissue aspiration required for parasite demonstration by microscopy. Despite their benefits, the implementation of NAATs for leishmaniasis diagnosis at the point-of-care has not been achieved yet, mostly due to the complexity and logistical issues associated with PCR-based methods...
April 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659542/secure-and-usable-user-in-a-context-continuous-authentication-in-smartphones-leveraging-non-assisted-sensors
#10
Jose Maria de Fuentes, Lorena Gonzalez-Manzano, Arturo Ribagorda
Smartphones are equipped with a set of sensors that describe the environment (e.g., GPS, noise, etc.) and their current status and usage (e.g., battery consumption, accelerometer readings, etc.). Several works have already addressed how to leverage such data for user-in-a-context continuous authentication, i.e., determining if the porting user is the authorized one and resides in his regular physical environment. This can be useful for an early reaction against robbery or impersonation. However, most previous works depend on assisted sensors, i...
April 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659188/dissecting-through-barriers-a-follow-up-study-on-the-long-term-effects-of-interprofessional-education-in-a-dissection-course-with-healthcare-professional-students
#11
Yu Hang Eric Zheng, Andrew Palombella, Jenn Salfi, Bruce Wainman
Several studies have shown significant improvements in the attitudes and perceptions of healthcare professional students toward interprofessional education (IPE) immediately following intervention with IPE courses. However, there remains little evidence on the lasting effects of IPE courses and the long-term influences of these IPE experiences are poorly documented. The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term effects of an intensive, ten-week interprofessional gross anatomy dissection course at McMaster University...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622306/are-you-ready-for-emergency-medical-services-in-your-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-office
#12
REVIEW
Clive Rayner, Michael R Ragan
Efficient responses to emergencies in the oral and maxillofacial surgery office require preparation, communication, and thorough documentation of the event and response. The concept of team anesthesia is showcased with these efforts. Emergency medical services training and response times vary greatly. The oral and maxillofacial surgery office should be prepared to manage the patient for at least 15 minutes after making the call to 911. Patient outcomes are optimized when providers work together to manage and transport the patient...
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621324/self-reported-musculoskeletal-complaints-and-injuries-and-exposure-of-physical-workload-in-swedish-soldiers-serving-in-afghanistan
#13
Alexandra Halvarsson, Ingela Hagman, Matthias Tegern, Lisbet Broman, Helena Larsson
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints and injuries (MSCI) are common in military populations. However, only a limited number of studies have followed soldiers during international deployments and investigated the prevalence of MSCI during and at the end of their deployment. The aim was to describe the prevalence of MSCI in different military occupational specialties and categorise their most common tasks in terms of exposures to physical workloads during a six-month long international deployment in Afghanistan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620386/a-cross-language-study-of-decontextualized-vocabulary-comprehension-in-toddlerhood-and-kindergarten-readiness
#14
Margaret Friend, Erin Smolak, Yushuang Liu, Diane Poulin-Dubois, Pascal Zesiger
Recent studies demonstrate that emerging literacy depends on earlier language achievement. Importantly, most extant work focuses on parent-reported production prior to 30 months of age. Of interest is whether and how directly assessed vocabulary comprehension in the 2nd year of life supports vocabulary and kindergarten readiness in the 4th year. We first contrasted orthogonal indices of parent-reported production and directly assessed vocabulary comprehension and found that comprehension was a stronger predictor of child outcomes...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618322/sequential-tests-for-monitoring-methods-to-detect-elevated-incidence-a-simulation-study
#15
Tammo Konstantin Reinders, Joachim Kieschke, Antje Timmer, Verena Jürgens
BACKGROUND: Common cancer monitoring practice is seldom prospective and rather driven by public requests. This study aims to assess the performance of a recently developed prospective cancer monitoring method and the statistical tools used, in particular the sequential probability ratio test in regard to specificity, sensitivity, observation time and heterogeneity of size of the geographical unit. METHODS: A simulation study based on a predefined selection of cancer types, geographical unit and time period was set up...
April 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614189/learning-about-conflict-and-conflict-management-through-drama-in-nursing-education
#16
Susanna H Arveklev, Linda Berg, Helena Wigert, Morag Morrison-Helme, Margret Lepp
BACKGROUND: In the health care settings in which nurses work, involvement in some form of conflict is inevitable. The ability to manage conflicts is therefore necessary for nursing students to learn during their education. METHOD: A qualitative analysis of 43 written group assignments was undertaken using a content analysis approach. RESULTS: Three main categories emerged in the analysis-to approach and integrate with the theoretical content, to step back and get an overview, and to concretize and practice-together with the overall theme, to learn by oscillating between closeness and distance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609161/electrochemical-genoassays-on-gold-coated-magnetic-nanoparticles-to-quantify-genetically-modified-organisms-gmos-in-food-and-feed-as-gmo-percentage
#17
Alexandra Plácido, Clara Pereira, Alexandra Guedes, M Fátima Barroso, Rebeca Miranda-Castro, Noemí de-Los-Santos-Álvarez, Cristina Delerue-Matos
The integration of nanomaterials in the field of (bio)sensors has allowed developing strategies with improved analytical performance. In this work, ultrasmall core-shell Fe3 O4 @Au magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were used as the platform for the immobilization of event-specific Roundup Ready (RR) soybean and taxon-specific DNA sequences. Firstly, monodisperse Fe3 O4 MNPs were synthesized by thermal decomposition and subsequently coated with a gold shell through reduction of Au(III) precursor on the surface of the MNPs in the presence of an organic capping agent...
March 21, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607248/quality-of-care-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-the-military-health-system-final-report
#18
Kimberly A Hepner, Carol P Roth, Elizabeth M Sloss, Susan M Paddock, Praise O Iyiewuare, Martha J Timmer, Harold Alan Pincus
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strives to maintain a physically and psychologically healthy, mission-ready force, and the care provided by the Military Health System (MHS) is critical to meeting this goal. Attention has been directed to ensuring the quality and availability of programs and services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This study is a comprehensive assessment of the quality of care delivered by the MHS in 2013-2014 for over 38,000 active-component service members with PTSD or depression...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605233/-usefulness-and-reliability-of-abdominal-clinical-ultrasound-in-family-medicine-1-liver-biliary-tract-and-pancreas
#19
Ignacio Manuel Sánchez Barrancos, Tomás Vegas Jiménez, Rafael Alonso Roca, Daniel Domínguez Tristancho, Francisco José Guerrero García, María Del Carmen Rico López, Vicente Fernández Rodríguez
Ultrasound is a safe and reliable way to increase diagnosis capabilities, as well as an improving and speed up method for taking decisions for healthcare professionals of every medical specialty. Family doctor, who must be ready to address all kind of health problems for his patients, is the key person to incorporate this tool to his daily activity, acquiring the best managing skill, unknown nowadays, being quite large the clinical situations in the day by day practice, in which he can obtain benefit in a reliable and effective way...
March 28, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601682/assessment-in-a-global-context-an-international-perspective-on-dental-education
#20
U S Patel, I Tonni, C Gadbury-Amyot, C P M Van der Vleuten, M Escudier
Assessments are widely used in dental education to record the academic progress of students and ultimately determine whether they are ready to begin independent dental practice. Whilst some would consider this a "rite-of-passage" of learning, the concept of assessments in education is being challenged to allow the evolution of "assessment for learning." This serves as an economical use of learning resources whilst allowing our learners to prove their knowledge and skills and demonstrating competence...
March 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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