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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106715/seasonal-effects-on-the-population-morphology-and-reproductive-behavior-of-narnia-femorata-hemiptera-coreidae
#1
Lauren A Cirino, Christine W Miller
Many insects are influenced by the phenology of their host plants. In North Central Florida, Narnia femorata (Hemiptera: Coreidae) spends its entire life cycle living and feeding on Opuntia mesacantha ssp. lata. This cactus begins producing flower buds in April that lead to unripe green fruit in June that ripen into red fruit through December. Many morphological and behavioral characteristics of N. femorata are known to be affected by cactus phenology in a controlled laboratory setting, including the degree of sexual dimorphism and mating behavior...
January 17, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103846/a-description-of-interventions-promoting-healthier-ready-to-eat-meals-to-eat-in-to-take-away-or-to-be-delivered-sold-by-specific-food-outlets-in-england-a-systematic-mapping-and-evidence-synthesis
#2
Frances C Hillier-Brown, Carolyn D Summerbell, Helen J Moore, Wendy L Wrieden, Jean Adams, Charles Abraham, Ashley Adamson, Vera Araújo-Soares, Martin White, Amelia A Lake
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-eat meals (to eat in, to take away or to be delivered) sold by food outlets are often more energy dense and nutrient poor compared with meals prepared at home, making them a reasonable target for public health intervention. The aim of the research presented in this paper was to systematically identify and describe interventions to promote healthier ready-to-eat meals (to eat in, to take away, or to be delivered) sold by specific food outlets in England. METHODS: A systematic search and sift of the literature, followed by evidence mapping of relevant interventions, was conducted...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101702/bone-marrow-very-small-embryonic-like-stem-cells-new-generation-of-autologous-cell-therapy-soon-ready-for-prime-time
#3
EDITORIAL
David M Smadja
Very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) are major pluripotent stem cells described in human and mouse. In this issue of Stem Cell Reviews and Reports, Shaikh and colleagues show in a valuable work that mouse bone marrow collected after 5FU treatment contains VSELs able to undergo in vitro multi-lineage differentiation into cells from all three germ layers and also in germ and hematopoietic cells. These findings are robust since no confounding factor such as feeder cell fusion with VSELs can occur here...
January 18, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100943/comparison-of-the-clinical-outcome-and-complications-in-laparoscopic-hernia-repair-of-inguinal-hernia-with-mesh-fixation-using-fibrin-glue-vs-tacker
#4
Prasant Chandra, Deepak Phalgune, Shashank Shah
Although laparoscopic repair offers a quick and less morbid way of treating hernias, complications like hematoma, seroma, neuralgia, recurrence, mesh infection, hydrocele, etc. are known. The present study was undertaken to compare various clinical outcomes between mesh fixation using fibrin glue and mesh fixation with tacker in a 3-months follow-up. One hundred patients aged 18 to 60 years having inguinal hernia admitted in Poona Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, between October 2012 and November 2014 for laparoscopic hernia surgery and ready to participate in this study were included...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099813/photoactive-donor-acceptor-composite-nanoparticles-dispersed-in-water
#5
Laurie Parrenin, Gildas Laurans, Eleni Pavlopoulou, Guillaume Fleury, Gilles Pecastaings, Cyril Brochon, Laurence Vignau, Georges Hadziioannou, Eric Cloutet
A major issue that inhibits large-scale fabrication of organic solar modules is the use of chlorinated solvents considered as toxic and hazardous. In this work, composite particles of poly[N-9'-heptadecanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt-5,5-(4,7-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole] (PCDTBT) and [6,6]-Phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) were obtained in water from a versatile and a ready-to-market methodology based on miniemulsion post-polymerization. Depending on experimental conditions, size-controlled particles comprising both the electron-donor and the electron-acceptor were obtained and characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopic (AFM), small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), UV-visible absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies...
January 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092280/challenges-and-opportunities-to-enhance-global-drug-development-in-neonates
#7
Alexandra M Smith, Jonathan M Davis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study reviews the history of neonatal drug development, recent legislative efforts designed to facilitate the study of therapeutic agents in neonates, and future steps necessary to advance drug development. RECENT FINDINGS: Although many federal regulations have been introduced over the past 15 years to encourage pediatric and neonatal drug development, the majority of medications that are used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in neonates...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088285/plasmon-enhanced-fluorescence-imaging-with-silicon-based-silver-chips-for-protein-and-nucleic-acid-assay
#8
Bing Yuan, Xiangxu Jiang, Chu Yao, Meimei Bao, Jiaojiao Liu, Yujiang Dou, Yinze Xu, Yao He, Kai Yang, Yuqiang Ma
Metal-enhanced fluorescence shows great potential for improving the sensitivity of fluoroscopy, which has been widely used in protein and nucleic acid detection for biosensor and bioassay applications. In comparison with the traditional glass-supported metal nanoparticles (MNPs), the introduction of a silicon substrate has been shown to provide an increased surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect due to the coupling between the MNPs and the semiconducting silicon substrate. In this work, we further study the fluorescence-enhanced effect of the silicon-supported silver-island (Ag@Si) plasmonic chips...
February 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076970/future-directions-for-work-on-refinement-of-adhd-assessment-in-young-adults
#9
Michelle M Martel, Ulrich Schimmack, Joel T Nigg
Sibley, Coxe, and Molina provide a thoughtful discussion of the implications of our study and highlight important future directions in this line of work. They helpfully amplify several themes that space did not allow discussion of in our article. In particular, they correctly emphasize the importance of theoretical as well as statistical considerations in model selection. We also agree that clinical tests of sensitivity and specificity, taking into account different base rates and types of samples, are essential before a final algorithm would be ready for dissemination...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063282/hypothetical-scenario-exercises-to-improve-planning-and-readiness-for-drinking-water-quality-management-during-extreme-weather-events
#10
Daniel Deere, Frederic D L Leusch, Andrew Humpage, David Cunliffe, Stuart J Khan
Two hypothetical scenario exercises were designed and conducted to reflect the increasingly extreme weather-related challenges faced by water utilities as the global climate changes. The first event was based on an extreme flood scenario. The second scenario involved a combination of weather events, including a wild forest fire ('bushfire') followed by runoff due to significant rainfall. For each scenario, a panel of diverse personnel from water utilities and relevant agencies (e.g. health departments) formed a hypothetical water utility and associated regulatory body to manage water quality following the simulated extreme weather event...
December 19, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060838/attitudes-and-readiness-of-students-of-healthcare-professions-towards-interprofessional-learning
#11
Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kingston Rajiah, Suan Phaik Khoo, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Ranjit De Alwis, Hui Cing Chui, Lui Lee Tan, Yee Ning Tan, Shin Yee Lau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the attitudes and readiness of students of healthcare professions towards interprofessional learning. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study design was used. Two different scales were used to measure the readiness for and perception of interprofessional learning; these were the 'Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale' and the 'Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale'. A convenience sampling method was employed. The sample was drawn from undergraduate students enrolled in years 1 to 5 of medical, dental, pharmacy and health sciences programme...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057317/factors-influencing-emergency-nurses-burnout-during-an-outbreak-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-korea
#12
Ji Soo Kim, Jeong Sil Choi
PURPOSE: Emergency department (ED) nurses suffer from persistent stress after experiencing the traumatic event of exposure to Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which can subsequently lead to burnout. This study aimed to assess ED nurses' burnout level during an outbreak of MERS-CoV and to identify influencing factors in order to provide basic information for lowering and preventing the level of burnout. METHODS: Study participants were ED nurses working in eight hospitals designated for treating MERS-CoV-infected patients in Korea...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051990/functional-capacity-evaluation-military-program-description-and-case-series
#13
Jill M Cancio, Robert A Oliver, Kathleen E Yancosek
A functional capacity evaluation (FCE) evaluates the ability of an individual to perform activities related to employment. There is no FCE specific to the military population; therefore, a FCE for the military population (FCE-M) was developed to evaluate an injured service member's (SM) ability to return to duty. The FCE-M is herein described along with descriptions of three active duty SMs who completed the evaluation. The three SMs completed all categories of the FCE-M with the first two cases achieving a work-level classification of Heavy-Very Heavy and the third a classification of Medium-Heavy...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048072/su-f-t-259-gpr-tables-for-the-estimation-of-mid-plane-dose-using-epid
#14
Gopiraj Annamalai, Yoichi Watanabe
PURPOSE: To develop a simple method for estimating the mid-plane dose (MPD) of a patient using Electronic Portal imaging Device (EPID). METHODS: A Varian TrueBeam with aSi100 EPID was used in this study. The EPID images were acquired for a 30 cm × 30 cm homogeneous slab phantom and a 30 cm diameter 20 cm thick cylindrical phantom in the continuous dosimetry mode. The acquired EPID images in XIM format were imported into in-house MATLAB program for the data analysis...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046777/mo-fg-campus-jep1-01-prompt-gamma-imaging-with-a-multi-knife-edge-slit-collimator-evaluation-for-use-in-proton-beam-range-verification
#15
J Ready, V Negut, L Mihailescu, K Vetter
PURPOSE: To evaluate and characterize a multi-slit collimated imaging system for use in prompt gamma range verification of proton therapy. METHODS: Acrylic (PMMA) targets were irradiated with a 50 MeV proton beam. With the collimator placed 13 cm from the beam axis, photons of energy from 2-7 MeV were measured. Image reconstruction provided 2-dimensional distribution of gamma rays. Estimated Bragg peak location was compared with 1-dimensional profiles of photon images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040199/molecular-classification-of-breast-cancer-what-the-pathologist-needs-to-know
#16
Emad A Rakha, Andrew R Green
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease featuring distinct histological, molecular and clinical phenotypes. Although traditional classification systems utilising clinicopathological and few molecular markers are well established and validated, they remain insufficient to reflect the diverse biological and clinical heterogeneity of breast cancer. Advancements in high-throughput molecular techniques and bioinformatics have contributed to the improved understanding of breast cancer biology, refinement of molecular taxonomies and the development of novel prognostic and predictive molecular assays...
December 28, 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031695/mitigating-climate-change-at-the-carbon-water-nexus-a-call-to-action-for-the-environmental-engineering-community
#17
Andres F Clarens, Catherine A Peters
Environmental engineers have played a critical role in improving human and ecosystem health over the past several decades. These contributions have focused on providing clean water and air as well as managing waste streams and remediating polluted sites. As environmental problems have become more global in scale and more deeply entrenched in sociotechnical systems, the discipline of environmental engineering must grow to be ready to respond to the challenges of the coming decades. Here we make the case that environmental engineers should play a leadership role in the development of climate change mitigation technologies at the carbon-water nexus (CWN)...
October 1, 2016: Environmental Engineering Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026702/operational-readiness-for-conducting-global-health-research-abroad
#18
Judy M McDonald, Theresa W Gyorkos
Research excellence is the goal of all researchers. Conducting quality research with the ultimate aim of improving health is a shared goal among researchers in the global health domain. The competencies required for conducting and producing quality research in global health go far beyond the academic or scientific spheres. They incorporate aspects of research partnership, which places humility, empathy, and mutual respect at its core. Conducting quality respectful global health research requires an appropriate balance of operational readiness (i...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025346/the-importance-of-digitized-biocollections-as-a-source-of-trait-data-and-a-new-vertnet-resource
#19
Robert P Guralnick, Paula F Zermoglio, John Wieczorek, Raphael LaFrance, David Bloom, Laura Russell
For vast areas of the globe and large parts of the tree of life, data needed to inform trait diversity is incomplete. Such trait data, when fully assembled, however, form the link between the evolutionary history of organisms, their assembly into communities, and the nature and functioning of ecosystems. Recent efforts to close data gaps have focused on collating trait-by-species databases, which only provide species-level, aggregated value ranges for traits of interest and often lack the direct observations on which those ranges are based...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024361/monitoring-dynamic-cellular-redox-homeostasis-using-fluorescence-switchable-graphene-quantum-dots
#20
Nan Li, Aung Than, Chencheng Sun, Jingqi Tian, Jie Chen, Kanyi Pu, Xiaochen Dong, Peng Chen
Monitoring cellular redox homeostasis is critical to the understanding of many physiological functions ranging from immune reactions to metabolism, as well as to the understanding of pathological development ranging from tumorigenesis to aging. Nevertheless, there is currently a lack of appropriate probes for this ambition, which should be reversibly, sensitively, and promptly responsive to a wide range of physiological oxidants and reductants. In this work, a redox-sensitive fluorescence-switchable probe is designed based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs) functionalized with a chelated redox Fe(2+)/Fe(3+) couple...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
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