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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233579/why-do-certain-primary-health-care-teams-respond-better-to-intimate-partner-violence-than-others-a-multiple-case-study
#1
Isabel Goicolea, Bruno Marchal, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Carmen Vives-Cases, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Miguel San Sebastián
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how team level conditions influenced health care professionals' responses to intimate partner violence. METHODS: We used a multiple embedded case study. The cases were four primary health care teams located in a southern region of Spain; two of them considered "good" and two s "average". The two teams considered good had scored highest in practice issues for intimate partner violence, measured via a questionnaire (PREMIS - Physicians Readiness to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence Survey) applied to professionals working in the four primary health care teams...
December 9, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230438/a-programmable-optical-stimulator-for-the-drosophila-eye
#2
Xinping Chen, Walter D Leon-Salas, Taylor Zigon, Donald F Ready, Vikki M Weake
A programmable optical stimulator for Drosophila eyes is presented. The target application of the stimulator is to induce retinal degeneration in fly photoreceptor cells by exposing them to light in a controlled manner. The goal of this work is to obtain a reproducible system for studying age-related changes in susceptibility to environmental ocular stress. The stimulator uses light emitting diodes and an embedded computer to control illuminance, color (blue or red) and duration in two independent chambers...
October 2017: HardwareX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226306/symbioses-with-nitrogen-fixing-bacteria-nodulation-and-phylogenetic-data-across-legume-genera
#3
Michelle E Afkhami, D Luke Mahler, Jean H Burns, Marjorie G Weber, Martin F Wojciechowski, Janet Sprent, Sharon Y Strauss
How species interactions shape global biodiversity and influence diversification is a central - but also data-hungry - question in evolutionary ecology. Microbially-based mutualisms are widespread and could cause diversification by ameliorating stress and thus allowing organisms to colonize and adapt to otherwise unsuitable habitats. Yet the role of these interactions in generating species diversity has received limited attention, especially across large taxonomic groups. In the massive angiosperm family Leguminosae, plants often associate with root-nodulating bacteria that ameliorate nutrient stress by fixing atmospheric nitrogen...
December 11, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225587/psychological-availability-between-self-initiated-expatriates-and-host-country-nationals-during-their-adjustment-the-moderating-role-of-supportive-supervisor-relations
#4
Milad Jannesari, Zhongming Wang, Jacob McCall, Boyang Zheng
This research examined the role of psychological availability as a means of psychological engagement between self-initiated expatriates (SIEs) and their host-country nationals (HCNs) colleagues during their work and interaction adjustment. To reveal this process, this study presented the concept of psychological availability, which refers to an individual's belief that they are physically, cognitively, and emotionally ready or confident to engage the self with their colleagues, as a mediator between proactive personality and adjustment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224333/ferroelectricity-and-piezoelectricity-in-free-standing-polycrystalline-films-of-plastic-crystals
#5
Jun Harada, Naho Yoneyama, Seiya Yokokura, Yukihiro Takahashi, Atsushi Miura, Noboru Kitamura, Tamotsu Inabe
Plastic crystals represent a unique compound class that is often encountered in molecules with globular structures. The highly symmetric cubic crystal structure of plastic crystals endows these materials with multiaxial ferroelectricity that allows a three-dimensional realignment of the polarization axes of the crystals, which cannot be achieved using conventional molecular ferroelec-tric crystals with low crystal symmetry. In this work, we focused our attention on malleability as another characteristic feature of plastic crystals...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215101/evaluation-of-cu-i-binding-to-the-e2-domain-of-the-amyloid-precursor-protein-a-lesson-in-quantification-of-metal-binding-to-proteins-via-ligand-competition
#6
Tessa R Young, Anthony G Wedd, Zhiguang Xiao
The extracellular domain E2 of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) features a His-rich metal-binding site (denoted as the M1 site). In conjunction with surrounding basic residues, the site participates in interactions with components of the extracellular matrix including heparins, a class of negatively charged polysaccharide molecules of varying length. This work studied the chemistry of Cu(i) binding to APP E2 with the probe ligands Bcs, Bca, Fz and Fs. APP E2 forms a stable Cu(i)-mediated ternary complex with each of these anionic ligands...
December 7, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214561/environmental-friendly-and-facile-synthesis-of-co3o4-nanowires-and-their-promising-application-with-graphene-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#7
Zhiqiang Xu, Wei Liu, Yuanyi Yang, Lijuan Sun, Yi Deng, Li Liao
In this work, we developed an eco-friendly strategy for preparing Co3O4 nanowires. The process consisted of two steps: controllable synthesis of metal cobalt nanowires followed by a facile air-oxidization step. The 1D nanowire structure with a high aspect ratio was easily achieved via a magnetic-field-assisted self-assembly of cobalt ion complexes during reduction. After air-calcinations, the Co3O4 nanowires were prepared in large scale and ready to be used as the anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The Co3O4 nanowires, which possessed a length ranging from 3 to 8 μm with the aspect ratio more than 15, exhibited a reversible lithium storage capacity up to ~ 790 mAh/g when using a small amount of defect-free graphene flakes as conductive additives...
December 6, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212094/-readiness-to-participate-in-ambulatory-special-medical-care-asv-a-critical-appraisal-results-of-a-survey-amongst-office-based-oncologists-in-germany
#8
Robert Dengler, Thomas Walawgo, Walter Baumann, Manfred Cassens
Background Outpatient specialized care (ASV) is intended to improve interdisciplinary, transsectoral care for patients with rare or complex diseases, especially cancer. Up to now, only very few such specialized care teams have been established. The aim of our study was to evaluate the current state of information and participation as well as reasons for the reluctance of office-based hematologists and oncologists. Methods We conducted a web-based survey amongst office-based hematologists and oncologists in Germany and received responses from 145 institutions comprising more then 350 doctors working there...
December 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208057/caenorhabditis-elegans-nature-and-nurture-gift-to-nematode-parasitologists
#9
Gustavo Salinas, Gastón Risi
The free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is the simplest animal model organism to work with. Substantial knowledge and tools have accumulated over 50 years of C. elegans research. The use of C. elegans relating to parasitic nematodes from a basic biology standpoint or an applied perspective has increased in recent years. The wealth of information gained on the model organism, the use of the powerful approaches and technologies that have advanced C. elegans research to parasitic nematodes and the enormous success of the omics fields have contributed to bridge the divide between C...
December 6, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205787/system-for-ct-guided-needle-placement-in-the-thorax-and-abdomen-a-design-for-clinical-acceptability-applicability-and-usability
#10
Maarten M Arnolli, Martijn Buijze, Michel Franken, Koert P de Jong, Dannis M Brouwer, Ivo A M J Broeders
BACKGROUND: Various systems exist for CT-guided needle placement in the thorax and abdomen, but widespread adoption is lacking. The goal of this work is to develop a system for precise needle placement with a design focus on clinical acceptability, applicability and usability. METHODS: A system was outlined incorporating a needle guide on a mechanism with a remote centre of motion, manually placeable around the patient at the desired entry point and lockable by push-button to the CT table...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202595/biological-therapies-targeting-arrhythmias-are-cells-and-genes-the-answer
#11
Debbie Falconer, Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Emmanuel Androulakis, Yasmin Alfallouji, Wei Yao Lim, Rui Providencia, Dimitris Tousoulis
Arrhythmias can cause symptoms ranging from simple dizziness to life-threatening circulatory collapse. Current management includes medical therapy and procedures such as catheter ablation or device implantation. However, these strategies still pose a risk of serious side effects, and some patients remain symptomatic. Advancement in our understanding of how arrhythmias develop on the cellular level has made more targeted approaches possible. In addition, contemporary studies have found that several genes are involved in the pathogenesis of arrhythmias...
December 5, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202154/changing-student-attitudes-toward-interprofessional-learning-and-collaboration-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-partnering-with-healthcare-mentors-in-the-academic-setting
#12
Robert Wellmon, Mary Baumberger-Henry, Normajean Colby, Linda Knauss, Patricia Fletcher
PURPOSE: Individuals living with chronic health conditions serving as healthcare mentors (HCM) allow the creation of high impact, authentic learning experiences. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 6-hour curricular experience involving HCM in changing student attitudes toward interprofessional learning (IPL) and collaboration (IPC). METHODS: Thirty-eight students from clinical psychology, nursing, physical therapy, and social work programs participated in either the learning intervention (n=19) or the control group (n=19)...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200458/the-report-of-the-2016-2017-advocacy-standing-committee
#13
Ronald P Jordan, Jeffrey Bratberg, Heather B Congdon, L Brian Cross, Lucas G Hill, Joel C Marrs, Sarah McBane, William G Lang, Jeffrey O Ekoma
Based on the growing importance of community engagement and the recognition of its importance by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP), the committee offers several examples of community engagement activities for consideration and replication by our academy and beyond. These activities, including those of winning institutions of the Lawrence J. Weaver Transformational Community Engagement Award, can be mapped to the core components of community engagement presented in Table 1. The committee, using an implementation readiness framework, provides the reader with insight into the challenges that may impact successful community engagement and encourages our academy to continue its work to support faculty capacity in this area...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197553/evidence-for-condition-mediated-trade-offs-between-the-hpa-and-hpg-axes-in-the-wild-zebra-finch
#14
Ondi L Crino, Sophia M Jensen, Katherine L Buchanan, Simon C Griffith
Opportunistic breeding is a strategy used to maximize reproductive success in unpredictable environments. Birds that breed opportunistically are thought to maintain partial activation of the reproductive axis in order to rapidly initiate breeding when environmental conditions become suitable. The physiological mechanisms that modulate reproduction in seasonally breeding birds have been well explored. In contrast, the physiological mechanisms that allow opportunistic breeding birds to maintain a continued state of reproductive readiness has not been well established...
November 29, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195762/institutionalizing-sex-education-in-diverse-u-s-school-districts
#15
Rebekah Saul Butler, Danene Sorace, Kathleen Hentz Beach
PURPOSE: This paper describes the Working to Institutionalize Sex Education (WISE) Initiative, a privately funded effort to support ready public school districts to advance and sustain comprehensive sexuality programs, and examines the degree to which WISE has been successful in increasing access to sex education, removing barriers, and highlighting best practices. METHODS: The data for this study come from a set of performance indicators, guidance documents, and tools designed for the WISE Initiative to capture changes in sex education institutionalization at WISE school districts...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195702/site-readiness-assessment-preceding-the-implementation-of-a-hiv-care-and-treatment-electronic-medical-record-system-in-kenya
#16
V Muthee, A F Bochner, S Kang'a, G Owiso, W Akhwale, S Wanyee, N Puttkammer
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical record (EMR) systems can yield many benefit; however, facilities need to meet certain requirements before they are able to successfully implement an EMR. We evaluated the feasibility and utility of conducting EMR readiness assessments (ERAs) to assess readiness of public facilities in Kenya for deployment of an EMR. METHOD: I-TECH supported the Ministry of Health to deploy KenyaEMR, an HIV/AIDS care and treatment EMR developed using the OpenMRS platform, at over 300 healthcare facilities in Kenya...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195597/organizational-readiness-for-change-orc-test-used-in-the-implementation-of-assessment-instruments-and-treatment-methods-in-a-swedish-national-study
#17
Johan Billsten, Mats Fridell, Robert Holmberg, Andréas Ivarsson
Organizational climate and related factors are associated with outcome and are as such of vital interest for healthcare organizations. Organizational Readiness for Change (ORC) is the questionnaire used in the present study to assess the influence of organizational factors on implementation success. The respondents were employed in one of 203 Swedish municipalities within social work and psychiatric substance/abuse treatment services. They took part in a nationwide implementation project organized by the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR), commissioned by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190158/integrating-interprofessional-education-and-cultural-competency-training-to-address-health-disparities
#18
Pearl Anna McElfish, Ramey Moore, Bill Buron, Jonell Hudson, Christopher R Long, Rachel S Purvis, Thomas K Schulz, Brett Rowland, T Scott Warmack
PROBLEM: Many U.S. medical schools have accreditation requirements for interprofessional education and training in cultural competency, yet few programs have developed programs to meet both of these requirements simultaneously. Furthermore, most training programs to address these requirements are broad in nature and do not focus on addressing health disparities. The lack of integration may reduce the students' ability to apply the knowledge learned. Innovative programs that combine these two learning objectives and focus on disenfranchised communities are needed to train the next generation of health professionals...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187601/efficient-solid-phase-synthesis-of-meningococcal-capsular-oligosaccharides-enables-simple-and-fast-chemoenzymatic-vaccine-production
#19
Timm Fiebig, Christa Litschko, Friedrich Freiberger, Andrea Bethe, Monika Berger, Rita Gerardy-Schahn
Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A (NmA) and X (NmX) are among the leading causes of bacterial meningitis in the African meningitis belt. Glycoconjugate vaccines, consisting of an antigenic carrier protein coupled to the capsular polysaccharide of the bacterial pathogen, are the most effective strategy for prevention of meningococcal disease. However, the distribution of effective glycoconjugate vaccines in this region is limited by high cost of cultivating pathogens and purification of their capsular polysaccharides...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181520/predictors-of-osteopathic-medical-students-readiness-to-use-health-information-technology
#20
Robin J Jacobs, Hassan Iqbal, Arif M Rana, Zaid Rana, Michael N Kane
Context: The advent of health information technology (HIT) tools can affect the practice of modern medicine in many ways, ideally by improving quality of care and efficiency and reducing medical errors. Future physicians will play a key role in the successful implementation of HIT. However, osteopathic medical students' willingness to learn, adopt, and use technology in a health care setting is not well understood. Objective: To understand osteopathic medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIT and to identify factors that may be related to their readiness to use HIT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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