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Job performance

Hasan Yusefzadeh, Alireza Didarloo, Bahram Nabilou
OBJECTIVES: Injection safety during anesthesia is a challenging health care issue in Iranian hospitals. Anesthesia is one of the most medication-intensive procedures in healthcare and injecting patients are an integral part of that care. The present study aimed to assess the status of medication injection safety practice in a teaching center. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A prospective cross-sectional study was done in 2014-2015 at a 500-bed secondary level teaching hospital affiliated with Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran...
2018: PloS One
Raquel Monteiro, David Tomé, Paula Neves, Daniel Silva, Matilde A Rodrigues
Introduction: Human performance is influenced by several job-related factors and workplace conditions, including occupational noise. This influence can occur at sound pressure levels lower than the ones that cause physiological damage, such as hearing loss, being mediated by the noise characteristics. However, studies concerning this issue are still scarce. Study. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three noise conditions on attention and short-term memory: standard condition (C1), environmental noise without alarm sounds (C2), and environmental noise with alarm sounds (C3)...
September 2018: Noise & Health
Mark Deady, David Johnston, David Milne, Nick Glozier, Dorian Peters, Rafael Calvo, Samuel Harvey
BACKGROUND: The workplace represents a unique setting for mental health interventions. Due to range of job-related factors, employees in male-dominated industries are at an elevated risk. However, these at-risk groups are often overlooked. HeadGear is a smartphone app-based intervention designed to reduce depressive symptoms and increase well-being in these populations. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the development and pilot testing of the app's usability, acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary effectiveness...
December 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Robin Thomas, Guglielmo Vergnano, Gianluca Voglino, Roberta Siliquini
OBJECTIVE: Socio-economical changes in Europe are leading to the rise of new issues regarding the labour market and health of young workers. Job insecurity is a widely studied phenomenon that involves an increasing number of young workers. We investigated its association with mental health and hazardous behaviours. METHOD: In this pilot study, 504 subjects aged between 18 and 40 were interviewed. STROBE guidelines were used. Socio-economic factors were evaluated...
December 1, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Francisco Rodríguez-Cifuentes, Jesús Farfán, Gabriela Topa
Older Worker Identity consists of the internalization of negative beliefs and attitudes towards aged employees by these same people. This research aims to explore the moderator role both of subjective age and self-efficacy in the relationship between older worker identity and job performance. The study was conducted with a panel design, including a sample of +40 Spanish workers ( n = 200), with two waves (4-months interval). The findings supported the moderator role of subjective age in the relationship, while it failed to support the moderator role of self-efficacy...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chao Li, Franck Marzani, Fan Yang
The chaos phase modulation sequences consist of complex sequences with a constant envelope, which has recently been used for direct-sequence spread spectrum underwater acoustic communication. It is considered an ideal spreading code for its benefits in terms of large code resource quantity, nice correlation characteristics and high security. However, demodulating this underwater communication signal is a challenging job due to complex underwater environments. This paper addresses this problem as a target classification task and conceives a machine learning-based demodulation scheme...
December 1, 2018: Sensors
Ma Carmen Rodríguez-García
AIM: To explore the perception of fourth-year nursing students of the healthcare environment where their training process in clinical practices takes place. METHODS: Phenomenological qualitative study based on the hermeneutical philosophy of Gádamer that included the development of focus groups and semi-structured interviews in a sample of fourth-year nursing students from the University of Almería. The collection period was in February 2016. The information obtained was transcribed and analyzed by inductive strategies in search of emerging categories...
November 30, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Ehsan Garosi, Adel Mazloumi, Reza Kalantari, Zahra Vahedi, Zahra Shirzhiyan
Nursing is a physically demanding job characterized by a high prevalence of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorders. One of the high-exertion and repetitive nursing tasks is the manual connection of an infusion set to a medical fluid bottle. Such physical work can be eased by the design of new hand tools. Correspondingly, this study designed and ergonomically assessed an infusion set connector tool (ISCT) and compared it with that of manual connection. First, a prototype of ISCT was designed to perform infusion set connecting task in the mechanical form...
February 2019: Applied Ergonomics
Joshua T Kersten, Nathan B Fethke
Technical advances in inertial measurement units (IMUs) with data logging functionality have enabled multi-day collection of fullshift upper arm postures and movements. Such data are useful for characterizing job-level exposures and, when coupled with task-level information, can inform interventions to mitigate high-exposure tasks. Previously reported methods for capturing task-level information, however, were limited primarily to self-report diaries or direct observation. In this study of machine-paced manufacturing workers (n=6), a low-cost radio frequency identification (RFID) system was used to collect information about when, and for how long, specific assembly tasks were performed during up to 14 consecutive work shifts (76 total work shifts across the six participants)...
February 2019: Applied Ergonomics
Seung-Hwan Kim, Shao-Jen Weng
BACKGROUND: This study aims to provide insights on how to incorporate the work experience of medical staff into safety climate management based on the relationships among several safety-related constructs such as teamwork climate, working condition, and job satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a regional hospital in Taichung City, Taiwan using a Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ)-based questionnaire. The relationships among the constructs were modeled by a structural equation model, and a multi-group analysis was performed...
December 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Kaya Verbooy, Renske Hoefman, Job van Exel, Werner Brouwer
OBJECTIVES: Lost unpaid work and leisure time of patients due to ill health often are not included in economic evaluations, even in those taking a societal perspective. This study investigated the monetary value of unpaid work and leisure time to enable the inclusion of patient time in economic evaluations. METHODS: A contingent valuation study was performed to derive monetary values of unpaid work and leisure time. Data were collected with an online survey among a representative sample of people 18 years and older in the Netherlands in terms of age, sex, and educational level in January 2014 (n = 316)...
December 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Caroline Balling, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Mark Zimmerman
INTRODUCTION: Vöhringer et al. identified a triad of items on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) that best discriminated between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar disorder (BD) in a tertiary mood clinic setting [23]. The present study aimed to replicate and extend these findings by examining the performance of the triad across a range of cut-off scores and comparing the operating characteristics of the triad to the full MDQ. METHODS: Patients presenting for treatment were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and the BPD module of the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality (SIDP-IV)...
November 22, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Menekse Salar Barim, Richard F Sesek, M Fehmi Capanoglu, Phil Drinkaus, Mark C Schall, Sean Gallagher, Gerard A Davis
The impact of manual material handling such as lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling and awkward postures have been studied, and models using these external demands to assess risk of injury have been developed and employed by safety and health professionals. However, ergonomic models incorporating personal characteristics into a comprehensive model are lacking. This study explores the utility of adding personal characteristics such as the estimated L5/S1 Intervertebral Disc (IVD) cross-sectional area, age, gender and Body Mass Index to the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation (RNLE) with the goal to improve risk assessment...
January 2019: Applied Ergonomics
Sunwook Kim, Maury A Nussbaum, Joseph L Gabbard
Limited information is available regarding the effective use of workplace head-worn displays (HWD), especially the choices of HWD types and user interface (UI) designs. We explored how different HWD types and UI designs affect perceived workload, usability, visual discomfort, and job performance during a simulated warehouse job involving order picking and part assembly. Sixteen gender-balanced participants completed the simulated job in all combinations of two HWD types (binocular vs. monocular) and four UIs, the latter of which manipulated information mode (text-vs...
January 2019: Applied Ergonomics
Matt Worges, Nicole Whitehurst, Emanuel Yamo, Hawela Moonga, Joshua Yukich, Luis Benavente
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of malaria and reduced reliance on presumptive treatment are crucial components of quality case management. From 2008 to 2012, the Improving Malaria Diagnostics project, in collaboration with the Zambia National Malaria Control Centre, implemented an external quality assurance scheme partially comprised of outreach training and supportive supervision (OTSS) in an effort to improve malaria case management across a spectrum of health facilities performing laboratory-based malaria diagnostics...
November 28, 2018: Malaria Journal
Maha H Elhusseiny, Ali K Amine, Osama E Salem, Dalia I Tayel, Eman A Elsayed
Background and Aim: Despite being in remission, functional gastrointestinal disease (FGID) in Crohn's disease (CD) patients can reduce their quality of life. The Egyptian daily diet contains a high amount of FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, And Polyols). As the low FODMAP diet has been proven to be effective in irritable bowel syndrome worldwide, it was reasonable to take a step further and begin to study the effect of low FODMAP in Egyptian CD patients with FGID...
February 2018: JGH open: an open access journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
Monica Pedrazza, Sabrina Berlanda, Federica De Cordova, Marta Fraizzoli
In this paper, we are going to address job satisfaction and perceived self-efficacy withinthe context of residential child-care. A joint report from the European Foundation for the Improvement on Living and Working Conditions and the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work revealed that managers in the field of health and education were the most concerned about the psychosocial risk of their employees, although concern is not automatically translated into tools to face the risk and to manage it. So, measuring and improving employees' job satisfaction and self-efficacy can be an important means for organizations to prevent the outcomes of psychosocial risk, and supporting high quality performance of workers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Mattis Geiger, Sally Olderbak, Ramona Sauter, Oliver Wilhelm
The meta-analytic finding that faking does not affect the criterion validity of self-report measures in applicant selection suggests cognitive abilities are crucial to fake personality to an expected optimal profile in self-report measures. Previous studies in this field typically focus on how the extent of faking changes self-report measurement. However, the effect of faking ability is rarely considered. In Study 1 ( n = 151), we link two questionnaires, the WSQ and the NEO-PI-R, to use them for later faking ability tasks...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Eli Feiring, Astrid Eidesvik Lie
BACKGROUND: New approaches to control healthcare expenditures and increase access to quality care are required by decision-makers in high-income countries. One strategy is to reallocate tasks from doctors to nurses. Evidence suggests that quality, effectiveness and efficiency of task shifting are context sensitive and affected by implementation. However, little is known about implementability of task shifting in specialised healthcare. We aimed to identify factors perceived to influence implementation of doctor-to-nurse task shifting in a hospital setting and improve understanding of task shifting implementability by using theory-based frameworks for analysing behaviour...
November 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jui-Chen Peng, Mei-Man Tseng
This study explores the mediating effect of work engagement on the relationship between transformational leadership (TFL) and nurses' job performance, along with the moderating effect of conscientiousness on work engagement within the TFL/performance relationship. Survey data were collected from 234 supervisor-subordinate dyads at a regional hospital in Taiwan, and linear regression modeling performed to examine the hypotheses. TFL was found to be positively correlated with nurses' job performance; and the motivation mechanism of work engagement did mediate the relationship between TFL and job performance, but only when nurses' conscientiousness was high...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Psychology
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