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Job performance

Xiaoqian Liu, Na Li, Min-Min Xu, Chunhui Jiang, Jianhao Wang, Guoqiang Song, Yong Wang
A simple 1,2-squaraine based chemosensor material (SQ) has been reported to show dual sensing performance for colorimetric detection of Fe3+ and Hg2+ ions. Compared to common instrumental analysis, this method could provide fast and direct detection though colorimetric changes by the naked eye. The sensor has shown excellent selectivity over the other metal ions by tuning different solvent environments. The detection limit for Fe3+ could reach to 0.538 μM, which was lower than that in the environmental agency guideline (U...
October 16, 2018: Materials
Elizabeth M Bloom
Horizontal violence (HV), or nonphysical intergroup conflict expressed in overt and covert behaviors of hostility, is pervasive in nursing and has been discussed in the literature for more than two decades. It is costly and has potentially devastating effects including high nurse turnover rates, increased illness, decreased productivity, and decreased quality of patient care. Recognizing how these behaviors are established and sustained is necessary if nurses are to overcome these types of behaviors. This mixed methods study used an online survey to examine 76 hospital nurses' experiences and responses to episodes of HV as well as its effects on job performance...
October 17, 2018: Nursing Forum
Ying Zhang, Jian Zhang, Jacques Forest, Chunxiao Chen
We aim to examine the negative (relationship conflict) and positive (in-role job performance) outcomes of employees' innovative behavior and explore the moderation effect of employees' goal content and supervisors' achievement goal orientation in these relationships. Data from 218 employees and their immediate supervisors were collected in companies in China and results show that employees' innovative behaviors are positively related to their relationship conflict and in-role job performance, and employees' extrinsic goals and supervisors' performance goal moderate these relationships...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Kuo-Chin Huang, Yuan-Chih Su, Mao-Feng Sun, Sheng-Teng Huang
Background and purpose: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is frequently applied in conjunction with western pharmacotherapy to relieve symptoms in patients with CKD. However, evidence-based research into the effectiveness of CHM use as applied to treat CKD is limited and warrants further investigation. The aim of this study is to assess whether adjunctive treatment with CHM affected survival rate of CKD patients undergoing conventional western medical management. Methods: A total of 14,718 CKD patients, including 6,958 CHM users and 7,760 non-CHM users, were recruited from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, a sub-dataset of the National Health Insurance Research Database, to conduct this study...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ashley L Howarth, Susan Hallbeck, Raman C Mahabir, Valerie Lemaine, Gregory R D Evans, Shelley S Noland
BACKGROUND:  Long surgical procedures with loupe magnification and microscopes may put microsurgeons at an increased risk of musculoskeletal discomfort. Identifying the prevalence and impact of work-related musculoskeletal discomfort may guide preventive strategies to prolong well-being, job satisfaction, and career duration. METHODS:  An online 29-question survey was designed to evaluate work-related musculoskeletal discomfort. The survey was created and distributed electronically through a private survey research center and was sent to the members of the American Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Tyler P Killinger, Kristen Couper Schellhase
CONTEXT: National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) institutions are required to certify insurance coverage of medical expenses for injuries student-athletes sustain while participating in NCAA events. Institutions assign this role to a variety of employees, including athletic trainers (ATs), athletic administrators, business managers, secretaries, and others. In 1994, Street et al observed that ATs were responsible for administering medical claim payments at 68.1% of institutions...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Ahmad Rajeh Saifan, Ahmad M Al Zoubi, Intima Alrimawi, Omar Melhem
AIM: This study aims to explore the psychological status of nurses working with cancer patients in Jordan. BACKGROUND: Literature shows that nurses face many stressors in their job, in particular oncology nurses. Some of them have psychiatric illness such as anxiety and depression. Most of the reviewed studies were conducted in developed countries, and none in the Middle East. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive approach was adopted, whereby interviews were conducted with 24 nurses that were selected from the oncology departments of one governmental hospital...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Melissa S Medina, Nicholas C Schwier, Jamie L Miller, Misty M Miller, Grant H Skrepnek
Objective. To assess students' knowledge of, perceived importance of, and confidence in six career skills areas (curriculum vitae/resume writing, interviewing skills/business attire, phone interviews, thank you notes, business/dining etiquette, and networking) before, immediately after, and six months after participating in a career skills workshop. Methods. All students in a senior-level seminar course participated in the same simulation/performance-based workshop that was coupled with verbal or rubric-based feedback for each of the areas...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Liming Dong, William W Eaton, Adam P Spira, Jacqueline Agnew, Pamela J Surkan, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between job strain and subsequent cognitive change over approximately 11 years, using data from the population-based Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up study. METHODS: The sample ranged from 555 to 563 participants, depending on the outcome, who reported psychosocial characteristics corresponding to the full-time job they held at baseline (1993-1996). Overall cognitive performance was measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and verbal memory was measured by the ImmediateWord Recall Task and Delayed Word Recall Task at baseline and follow-up (2004-2005)...
October 15, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Uwe Wahl, Ingmar Kaden, Andreas Köhler, Tobias Hirsch
Hypothenar or thenar hammer syndrome (HHS) and hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) are diseases caused by acute or chronic trauma to the upper extremities. Since both diseases are generally related to occupation and are recognised as occupational diseases in most countries, vascular physicians need to be able to distinguish between the two entities and differentiate them from other diagnoses. A total of 867 articles were identified as part of an Internet search on PubMed and in non-listed occupational journals...
October 16, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Simon Malfait, Ann Van Hecke, Wim Van Biesen, Kristof Eeckloo
INTRODUCTION: Bedside handover is increasingly used and studied in nursing due to the method's acclaimed positive effects on patient safety, patient participation, communication, and efficiency. Still, reported results about its impact on handover duration are ambiguous. Revealing the root cause of these ambiguous effects is important, as increased duration could lead to overtime, lower job satisfaction, and failure in implementation. In contrast, decreased handover duration could lead to more efficient nursing care and facilitate implementation...
October 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Diane O Tyler, Karen Sue Hoyt, Dian Dowling Evans, Lorna Schumann, Elda Ramirez, Jennifer Wilbeck, Donna Agan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A practice analysis of nurse practitioners (NPs) working in emergency care was undertaken to define their job tasks and develop a specialty certification by examination. METHOD: In phase I, clinical experts created a qualitative description of domains of practice, tasks performed, knowledge required, and procedures performed by NPs in emergency care. Phase II involved validating the qualitative description through a national survey (N = 474) of emergency nurse practitioners (ENPs)...
October 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Bharat Manna, Amit Ghosh
Increasing population growth and industrialization are continuously oppressing the existing energy resources, elevating the pollution and global fuel demand. Various alternate energy resources can be utilized to cope with these problems in an environment-friendly fashion. Currently, bioethanol (sugarcane, corn-derived) is one of the most widely consumed biofuels in the world. Lignocellulosic biomass is yet another attractive resource for sustainable bioethanol production. Pretreatment step plays a crucial role in the lignocellulose to bioethanol conversion by enhancing cellulose susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Kaitlyn B Gam, Lawrence S Engel, Richard K Kwok, Matthew D Curry, Patricia A Stewart, Mark R Stenzel, John A McGrath, W Braxton Jackson, Maureen Y Lichtveld, Dale P Sandler
INTRODUCTION: Oil spill response and cleanup (OSRC) workers had potentially stressful experiences during mitigation efforts following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster. Smelling chemicals; skin or clothing contact with oil; heat stress; handling oily plants/wildlife or dead animal recovery; and/or being out of regular work may have posed a risk to worker respiratory health through psychological stress mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between six potentially stressful oil spill experiences and lung function among OSRC workers 1-3 years following the Deepwater Horizon disaster, while controlling for primary oil spill inhalation hazards and other potential confounders...
October 11, 2018: Environment International
Soroor Kalantari, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Zahra Kamiab, Zahra Kalantari, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
OBJECTIVES: Social Stigma is potentially a major problem in multiple sclerosis patients which strongly affects the quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of perceived stigma in patients with MS in a sample of Iranian population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 305 MS patients who were referred to Iranian Multiple Sclerosis Society in 2014. The main variables were perceived stigma, age, sex, marital status, educational level, occupation, duration of the disease, type of symptoms, disability expanded status scale, family history and economic status...
March 15, 2018: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Jennifer L Savage, Tracey Covassin
CONTEXT:  Diagnostic and return-to-play assessments of athletes with sport-related concussions (SRCs) have changed dramatically over the past decade. Currently, SRC assessment and management has taken a multifaceted approach, with new SRC measures being developed yearly. However, to date, no researchers have examined certified athletic trainers' (ATs') self-efficacy in assessing and managing a patient with an SRC. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the self-efficacy of ATs in assessing and managing athletes with SRCs, with a secondary purpose of examining job setting (high school and college)...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Qiubei Zhu, Amanda Hu, John Paul Giliberto, Samantha Carlson, Samantha Jensen, Ryan Tiu, Tanya K Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Vocal function is critical to employability in the modern era. Although research clearly demonstrates that a disordered voice affects quality of life, few studies have attempted to quantitate the effects of a disordered voice on work productivity. The Voice-Related Statements battery, which originally had 20 items, was previously developed to qualitatively describe how an individual's dysphonia affects his or her job performance. The aim of this study was to refine and reduce the item number and provide preliminary validation of this shortened instrument...
October 12, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Charlotte L Edwardson, Tom Yates, Stuart J H Biddle, Melanie J Davies, David W Dunstan, Dale W Esliger, Laura J Gray, Benjamin Jackson, Sophie E O'Connell, Ghazala Waheed, Fehmidah Munir
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a multicomponent intervention (Stand More AT (SMArT) Work) designed to reduce sitting time on short (three months), medium (six months), and longer term (12 months) changes in occupational, daily, and prolonged sitting, standing, and physical activity, and physical, psychological, and work related health. DESIGN: Cluster two arm randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service trust, England...
October 10, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Susanne Scheibe, Dannii Y Yeung, Friederike Doerwald
Affective experiences at work are a key contributing factor to long-term job-related well-being and effectiveness, yet may systematically change as workers get older. Given the central role of affect in work settings, it is important to obtain a thorough understanding of older workers' strengths and vulnerabilities in affective functioning. This paper's goal was to comprehensively study age differences in mean levels and dynamics of affect (affect stability, occurrence of positive and negative daily work events, and affective reactivity) and to link these with perceptions of global occupational well-being and effectiveness...
October 8, 2018: Psychology and Aging
Shin Yuh Ang, Thendral Uthaman, Tracy Carol Ayre, Siew Hoon Lim, Violeta Lopez
AIM: To explore the meaning of resilience to nurses and their perceived resilience enhancing factors. BACKGROUND: With challenges faced at work, nurses' professional quality of life is adversely affected with nurses experiencing compassion fatigue, depression, burnout and even signs of post-traumatic stress disorder. Degree of resilience can determine job satisfaction and nursing attrition. METHODS: The study adopted a descriptive qualitative design using Photovoice...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
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