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Job performance

Abi Merriel, Julia Hussein, Address Malata, Arri Coomarasamy, Michael Larkin
BACKGROUND: In Malawi there are too few maternity healthcare workers to enable delivery of high quality care to women. These staff are often overworked and have low job satisfaction. Skilled maternity healthcare workers are essential to improve outcomes for mothers and babies. This study focuses on understanding the working life experience of maternity staff at district hospitals in Malawi with the aim of developing relevant low-cost solutions to improve working life. METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was undertaken in three district hospitals around Malawi's Capital city...
August 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
William C Newman, Yue-Fang Chang, L Dade Lunsford
OBJECTIVE Neurosurgery is often self-selecting. Concern has been raised that residents in the millennial era (born between 1982 and 2004) may have more serious professionalism and performance issues (PPIs) during training compared to prior trainees. Serious PPIs were defined as concerns that led to specific resident disciplinary actions ranging from initial warnings to termination. In order to evaluate this concern, the authors retrospectively reviewed a 50-year experience at a single training center. They then prospectively surveyed living graduates of the program to assess variations in practice patterns and job satisfaction over 5 decades...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Vincent Jonchere, Laetitia Marisa, Malorie Greene, Alain Virouleau, Olivier Buhard, Romane Bertrand, Magali Svrcek, Pascale Cervera, Anastasia Goloudina, Erell Guillerm, Florence Coulet, Samuel Landman, Toky Ratovomanana, Sylvie Job, Mira Ayadi, Nabila Elarouci, Lucile Armenoult, Fatiha Merabtene, Sylvie Dumont, Yann Parc, Jérémie H Lefèvre, Thierry André, Jean-François Fléjou, Agathe Guilloux, Ada Collura, Aurélien de Reyniès, Alex Duval
Background & Aims: Recent studies have shown that cancers arise as a result of the positive selection of driver somatic events in tumor DNA, with negative selection playing only a minor role, if any. However, these investigations were concerned with alterations at nonrepetitive sequences and did not take into account mutations in repetitive sequences that have very high pathophysiological relevance in the tumors showing microsatellite instability (MSI) resulting from mismatch repair deficiency investigated in the present study...
2018: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
M E Kelly, S Finan, M Lawless, N Scully, J Fitzpatrick, M Quigley, F Tyrrell, A O'Regan, A Devane
OBJECTIVES: Research shows that cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) improves cognitive function, quality of life, and well-being of people with mild-moderate dementia. Despite consistent evidence and recommendations, CST is not routinely available in Ireland post-diagnosis. The aim of the current research was to develop and evaluate community-based CST for people with mild-moderate dementia, run by the Alzheimer Society of Ireland across four pilot sites in Ireland. METHODS: Participants with mild-moderate dementia attended once weekly CST sessions for 14 weeks...
September 2017: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
Milica Vukelić, Svetlana Čizmić, Ivana B Petrović
Previous research explored workplace climate as a factor of workplace bullying and coping with workplace bullying, but these concepts were not closely related to workplace bullying behaviors (WBBs). To examine whether the perceived exposure to bullying mediates the relationship between the climate of accepting WBBs and job satisfaction under the condition of different levels of WBBs coping self-efficacy beliefs, we performed moderated mediation analysis. The Negative Acts Questionnaire - Revised was given to 329 employees from Serbia for assessing perceived exposure to bullying...
August 16, 2018: Psychological Reports
Lina Nassri, Isabell Schneider, Petra Maria Gaum, Jessica Lang
OBJECTIVES: To identify approaches for an effective patient-centred care of depressed employees, we investigated occupational physicians' (OPs) and psychotherapists' (PTs) knowledge about job stressors on the development of depression, application of this knowledge, interdisciplinary cooperation and perceived barriers. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. PARTICIPANTS: OPs (163; 48.5% male) and PTs (69; 43.5% male) providing complete data on the survey out of 257 OPs and 112 PTs who started the survey...
August 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Sedigheh Ebrahimi, Zahra Kargar
Background: Occupational stress and its related psychological strain is a concern among resident doctors that may affect patient care adversely. Residents face many stresses because of their high job demands in delivery of hospital care. They are often subject to work load and pressure due to direct involvement with patients, prolonged working hours, poor job opportunities and low support. Their multiple educational and clinical roles can also affect their performance and quality of personal or professional life...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Muhammad Aamir Shafique Khan, Du Jianguo, Ahmed Abdul Hameed, Tehseen Ul Mushtaq, Muhammad Usman
Purpose: The purpose of the present study is twofold. First, we examined the relationship between workplace romance and employee job performance and tested the role of affective commitment foci - namely, affective coworker commitment, affective supervisor commitment, and affective organizational commitment - as parallel mediators in the relationship between workplace romance and employee job performance. Second, we tested the moderating role of culture on the interrelationships between workplace romance, affective commitment foci, and employee job performance...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Lars Tummers, Bram Steijn, Barbara Nevicka, Madelon Heerema
Vitality refers to the experience of having energy available to one's self. Vital employees are full of positive energy when they work, and feel mentally and physically strong. Such employees often show higher job performance and lower stress than their less vital colleagues. Despite the importance of vitality, few public administration studies have studied vitality. More generally, by focusing on vitality, we aim to bring a "positive psychology" perspective into the domain of public administration...
September 2018: Review of Public Personnel Administration
Dan B Dwyer, Kylie Bellesini, Paul Gastin, Peter Kremer, Andrew Dawson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to provide a profile of the demographics and employment characteristics of the Australian high performance and sport science workforce. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional, quantitative survey methodology to collect data about the Australian high performance and sport science workforce. METHOD: 175 Australian high performance and sport science employees completed an online survey which captured demographic information and work-related characteristics such as role, industry sector, income, permanence of employment and hours worked...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
C Browne, P Wall, S Batt, R Bennett
Developing a professional identity is an essential transition for nursing students as they move through their undergraduate degree. Professional identity is described as a person's perception of themselves within a profession or the collective identity of the profession. The formation of a professional identity is an evolving process, shaped by the media, educational experiences and role modelling. The aim of this study was to develop a greater understanding of the perceptions that students, about to embark on their undergraduate nursing degree, had of the nursing profession...
July 10, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Shrinidhi Subramaniam, August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Jeannie S Leoutsakos, Kenneth Silverman
BACKGROUND: The link between illicit drug use and impaired employee performance in the workplace has been assumed, but the relation has not been demonstrated clearly in research. This study was an evaluation of the relations between cocaine and opiate use, attendance, and performance in a job skills training program in a population with high rates of drug use. METHODS: Out-of-treatment injection drug users (N = 42) attended a model therapeutic workplace where they could earn a maximum pay of around $10 per hour, 4 h every weekday, for 30 weeks...
July 24, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Asim Al-Ansari, Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
OBJECTIVE: To report the responses of dentists about the effectiveness of continuing education (CE) activities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved the administration of a pilot-tested questionnaire amongst dentists from different cities of the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. A calculated sample of dentists (n = 323) was approached in person to collect their responses about CE activities they attended during the last one year. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed...
August 11, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Nils Jan Bleeker, Megan Cain, Mariana Rego, Aimane Saarig, Andrew Chan, Inger Sierevelt, Job N Doornberg, Ruurd L Jaarsma
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the intra- and inter-observer reliability of low-dose protocolled bilateral postoperative Computed Tomography (CT)-assessment of rotational malalignment after intramedullary nailing (IMN) of tibial shaft fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 156 patients were prospectively included with tibial shaft fractures that were treated with IMN in a Level-I Trauma Centre. All patients underwent post-operative bilateral low-dose CT-assessment (effective dose of 0...
July 29, 2018: Injury
Masoomeh Kheirkhah, Mojgan Javedani Masrour, Maryam Sefidi, Ezzat Jafar Jalal
Introduction and Aim: Human resources with the quality of desirable performance are the most important assets of the organization and increase the probability of success, survival, and progress of the organization. Midwives have a critical role in promoting the health of mothers and infants and survey the relationship between job motivation and organizational commitment can help health system managers and planners to improve the quality of the services provided. Methods: This is a cross-sectional and correlational study; samples of midwives in Arak University of Medical Sciences were selected by stratified sampling with proportional allocation method...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Brian A Logue, Erica Manandhar
Linear models for calibration curves are overwhelmingly created based on minimization of least squares error, with their goodness-of-fit (GOF) quantified using the square of the correlation coefficient (R2 ). Yet, R2 has well-known disadvantages when used to quantify GOF of calibration curves stemming from its calculation based on the absolute error of the signal (i.e., calculated vs. experimental). These disadvantages are exacerbated when using a geometric series of concentrations for calibration standards (e...
November 1, 2018: Talanta
Kathryn Bouskill, Carolyn Smith-Morris, George Bresnick, Jorge Cuadros, Elin Rønby Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Novel telemedicine platforms have expanded access to critical retinal screening into primary care settings. This increased access has contributed to improved retinal screening uptake for diabetic patients, particularly those treated in Federally Qualified Health Centers ('safety net' clinics). The aim of this study was to understand how the implementation of telemedical screening for diabetic retinopathy within primary care settings is improving the delivery of critical preventative services, while also introducing changes into clinic workflows and creating additional tasks and responsibilities within resource-constrained clinics...
August 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jose Francisco Trevino, Craig Marianno
Urban search and rescue (USAR) dogs are valuable members of their teams and play key roles in performing successful missions. A pair of dogs can do the work of dozens of people, the dogs are able to quickly sniff around collapsed structures and zip through constricted hallways with far greater accuracy than their plodding human counterparts. While in contaminated areas, their human counterparts are afforded the benefit of personal protective equipment (PPE) to keep exposures to chemical, biological and radiological substances to a minimum; USAR dogs, on the other hand, are not...
January 2018: Health Physics
Maryam Hassanzadeh Bashtian, Talat Khadivzadeh, Shapour Badiee Aval, Habibollah Esmaily
CONTEXT: Infertility is one of the major stressful events in individual life, especially women. Self-efficacy means a person can perceive a potentially threatening and stressful situation as being amenable to influences of personal control. AIMS: This study was conducted to determine the acupressure effects on self-efficacy and pregnancy rate in infertile women under in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was a randomized controlled trial in infertile women...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Léon Jules Owona Manga, André Arsène Bita Fouda, Lucien Mbida, Come Ebana Mvogo
The performance based financing approach is being tested in four regions of Cameroon, including the Littoral region. Our study aimed to study the effects associated with the implementation of the performance based financing approach within the health facilities based in the health district of Edea in the Littoral region in Cameroon. We've carried out a crosssectional analytical study among 178 health personnel from 21 health facilities under PBF-contract within the health district of Edea. We have studied their sociodemographic characteristics, the individual and collective effects resulting from the performance based financing subsidies and the level of job satisfaction...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
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